Newspaper Page Text
: h TAWAI OUR C 0 U N T R Y H E R C 0 M M E R C E A N D KER FREE INSTITUTIONS VOL. IV. OTTAWA, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 1, in 13. NO. 24. THE OT mxmm mm tr aim. From the Louisville Journal. (jCsmpbelli lines upon the Rainbow have always been considered one of his most beautiful productions ; yet if the following lines upon the ame subject are not more beautiful, we aro no judge of poetry : the RAixnaw. Ill AMtLIA. I sometimes have thought in my loneliest hours, That lis on my heart like tho dew nn the flower, Of n ramhlo I took one bright afternoon, Wlien my heart was an light as a blossom in Jw j Tho green earth was moist with the l.ito I'allru showers ; Tho brcezn fluttered down and blew open the flowers, While a single whito cloud to i's haven nf rest. On the white wing of peace floated off in Ihovvest. A s I threw bark m v tresses to rntrh the cool breeze. That scattered the ruin-drops and dimpled the seas, Tar up the blue shy a fair rainbow unrolled Its soft tinted pinions of purple and gold ; 'Twin born in a moment, yet, quick a" its birth, It had stretched to the utmost ends ot the earth, And, fair as an angel it floated all free, With a wing on tho earth and a win on the sea. How calm was the ocean ! how penile its swell! Like a woman's soft bosom, it rose and it felt, While tho light sparkling waves, stealing laugh ingly o'er, When they saw the fair rainbow knelt down to tho shore ; Ni sweet hymn ascended, no murmur of prnjpr, Vet I felt the spirit of worship was there, Anil bent my young head in devotion and love, '.Neatll the form of the angel Uiat floated above. How wide was the sweep if it beautiful tviogs How boundless its circle ! how ralne't its rings ! If I looked on tho sky 'twas suspended in air, ff I looked on the ocean the rainbow wis there; Thus forming a girdle as brilli.int and whole As the (houghtsnf the rainbow that circled mv soul I Like the wing of the Deity, calmly iiiil'url'd, ! It bent from the cloud an J encircled the, world. j There are moments, I think, w hen the spirit receives ! Whole volumes of thotighton its unwritten leaves. When the folds of the heart in a moment unclose. Like the innermost leaves from the heart ef a rose; And thus, when the rainbow had passed fioni the xky, The thoughts it awoka were ton deep to piss by ; It left my full soul like tho wing nf a dove, AH fluttering with pleasure, anil fluttering with love, I know that each moment of rapture or pain Hut shortens the links in lifu's mystical chain ; I know that my form, like that bow from the ave, Must pass from the earth and lie cold in the grave ; Vet, oh! when death's shadows my bosom uiicloud, Whan I shrink from the thought ef the coffin and shroud, Mar Hope, like the rcinbow, my spirit cnrol In her beautiful pinions of pjrple and gold. From the Cincinnati Message. A TALK Or THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. XT A nr.Ttar.n fiutoti. the lover. Within one of the deep dingy window of an apartment of the royal palace of England, sat one of the Indies of the Court, ller beautiful proportioned head rcelincd in sadness on her hand, and the light of those brilliant eye?, now fixed and downcast in meditation, was now hid hy long silken lashes. Alt ! how dan gerous to the Cavaliers of those days, was tho raising of those pencilled lashes, and the melting softness of the deep blue orb beneath ! It was Anne lloleyn, the love liest and most graceful damsel of Hen rcy's court. Twonty-twn summers had passed lightly over her head, many of which were spent in the sunny climes of Frsinee; nnd those childish beauties w hich gaine.d her tho favor of two successive queens, had now bloomed and ripened into A degree of personal loveliness which had won for her a more flattering but more dangerous favor. , A young man dressed itt the quaint fash ion of the times, and of noble bearing, had entered the apartment, and now stood within a few paces, unperceived by the pensive beauty. Me gazed upon her with evident admiration, and the ntuto elo quence of his dark eye, told of deeper feelings not tinmingled with sorrow. Edward, Lord Perscy, was a youth of much promise, and one of the haughtiest, and yet most polished and elegant of i lie courtiers who surrounded Henry in the earlier years cf his reign, when the mon arch's character was that of a martial Prince; and his court was employed in achieving those elegant g lilies, and gal lant enterprises, which long after lived in tho memory of his people, and served partially to obscure many of those dark spots which dishonored his later years. Percy was the son of tho carl of North timbcrland, ono of the most powerful no bles of England, nnd afterwards, when he came to be earl on tho death of his fatb cr, was the person chosen to arrest the eel brated Cardinal W'ooUey, At the timo our story introduces him, was the lover of Anne liolcyn, and his merits were not unappreciated by the courtly maid. She had promised "to be come his wife, but other and higher prospects had opened to her vision, vani ty antl ambition was stirred up in her bo som, am crowns and thrones and queen ly dignities won upon her fancy. Her attractions had gained her a noble lover, and for hint wau alio about to sacrifico (he affections of her youth. She disclosed to Henry her engagement to Percy, and tho royal jealousy was only to be quieted by Percy's hurried inarrage with a daught ter of Lord Shrewsherry. The morrow had been fixed fur that sacrifice to be con summated, and the unhappy youth sought a last interview with the mistress of his heart, who was thus to be rudely torn from him by the hand of power. When Anne raised her eyes and met his ardent gaze, a deep blush suffused her neck nnd face and brow. He sat down be fide her, nnd taking her band in his, he mixed it to hi lips. Then followed a tide of burning language, a recalling of happier hours, n rcfreshsng of sweet mem ories, the pushing of a heart full of tender ness, and a bitter complaining of his hard lot. 'Dear Anne,4 said he, in the enthusiasm of i!ie hour, 'let us (ly from this tyranny to a lovelier land, where we may cull the (lowers nf life together. You always loved France, sweet Anne, and we can find a happv home among her brilil val leys.' No, Edward, it is impossible. The watchful jealousy nf the king is like a tri ple guard around me I never could es cape. There is no hope, no remedy we must part.' Ah ! proud girl, true love would have risen superior to difficulty, anil had it reigned in thy heart, would have escaped a thousand guard, and crossed seas anil mountains; hut vain ambition swelled there in its place, and the love of Edward I'ercv was obstructed bv a mole-hill. Then farewell, Anne,' said he, 'and j shouldi-t thou ever become the queen of this realm, to that w hich the king's hasty passion may lead, remember there is none whoso allegiance to the can be more true than Edward Percy's.' lie stalked proudly from the apartment, and Anne remained to indulge a while in the golden visions his last words awak ened. Three centuries have rolled away since that interview, the actors for more than two hundred years have reposed in the silence of tho grave. Their very monu ment have long since, crumbled 5 the busy hand of lime has been silently sweeping away all memorials of their ex istence, and their story lives only in deal!. less history. In brushing away the cobwebs of antiquity in search of its mys teries, the inquirer passes and ponders over it a while, yiih that deep and silent awe, or those cold an stately feelings with which thou, dear reader, wouldst gaze upon a monument, or mayhap listen to a tale of those limes. Hut there he is led astray. Hearts beat as wildly, love was cherished as warmly, and disappointment as keenly felt three hundred years ago as now. THE CORONATION. Henry tho Eighth of England, seems to have been a man not esily turned from his purpose, particularly when it involv ed some churlish passion. Morality, re ligion, and law, were 'trifles light as air,' when they stood between him unci bis de sires . With, untiring perseverance did he pursue his object of being divorced from hi wile, Catharine of Castile, and overcominir all opposition anil delay, finally effected his purpose, through the instrumentality uf L'ranuier, and drove the ex-queen into retirement. "In days of old her Amphile towers were seen '1 lie mournful relume ut an injured ipieen." In that spacimit hall were gathered the lords and ladies of England, surrounding a space occupied by the great officer, ol State, the dignitaries of the church, and municipal authorities. Elevated high v, ere two vacant thrones; ranged along tho walls on either side stood the royal body guard, and far down thai hall to the great entrance, was one waving sea. of heads. Thousands woro there to add to, and witness the pomp nnd pageutry of tho scene. Scores of bustling officials, wiili their wards and batons, were hurry ing from place to place, to order and di rect the crowd. An hour passed in anxi ous expectation, when llie king advanced from behind the splendid hangings, lead ing Anne lloleyn, whom lie placed in one of the vacant thrones and himself occupi ed the o'.har. They were attended by a numerous train of maidens, who ranged around the queen. At their entrance the assembled nobles and churchmen all rose, and suddenly a shout burst from the crowd at (ho other end of the hall, 'hong live Henry nnd Anne,' which was caught up by the dense multitude, outside of the building, and echoed from ten thousand throats. Proclamation was made by n herald, proceeded by a llurish of trumpets, and tho Archbishop of Cnntcrbcrry in his sacred robes, placed a crown upon Anne's head, and proclaimed her (Jucen of Eng land. The surrounding nobles bowed their heads and kissed her hands in token of their allegiance ; nnd tho assembled multitude waved plumes and scarfs, and cried 'Long live Queen Anno.' . The ceremony was over that little brief moment to which she had looked forward with so much anxiety, nnd which passed whilst she scarcely realized its presence, so giddy was she with the bril liant scene, the imposing ceremony, and the streams of adulation that poured into her ear from every side. The king and queen withdrew, followed by the ladies and gentlemen of the court, nnd the nu merous spectators gathered themselves up and departed. Thus from a simple maid en of the court, Anno became queen over a gteat people ; the idle of a monarch's heart, and the admired object of a nation's homapo. Tin: rrcisox. "Of chance, and change, and fate in human life "lli:;h actions mid high pa.-sions tuoht describing.'" I'aradise Kegairied. Start not, reader, nt entering with me, within the frowning walls of the Tower of London. Thrilling tales of dark deeds of blood, of midnight murder, and of human suffering, could those grey stones reveal, if gifted with language. Many a nohle fel low has passed within their precincts arid never repassed, but his blood has moisten ed the floor of some lonely cell, flowing to the secret knife, when the forms of law could not bo moulded to effect his condem nation. Many a generous heart has been broken there, its agonies unwitnessed and it groans unheard, save by the cold nnd dripping walls of some solitary dungeon, where it lias been immured and left to bear its miseries, neglected, iincarcd for, and perhaps forgotten. There, at yonder scaf fold in the Tower yard is where the righ teous and unrighteous sentences are indis criminately executed. How many have died there in tho assertion of their inno cence, who were deemed guilty bv thrr peers on slight and trivial grounds, viiich in the iron days of English monarchy, and in times of State necessity, wero proofs of treason "strong as holy writ." How ma ny too have laid their heads upon the bloody block for loving their country loo well ! 1 lie blood of England s best, am wisest, and noblest, has been shed there Let us pass on. In a gloomy npartment within these sto ried walls, sat Anne ISoleyn, a prisoner of state, and condemned to die. What a re verse ! She who lately occupied so promi nent a placn of boner and of power, whose smile was fortune, and whoso word was law, and at whose shrine was paid the hom age of the noble and the gay was now the tenant of a prison, and doomed to a felon's death ! With no chance of preparation for defence, nnd none to say might in her be half, had she been arraigned and tried with in the strong walls of the tower; where the public eye is never allowed to pene trate, and aberrations from justice are con cealed ; whero the victim meets no pity ing look, and hears no friendly voice in the trying hour. Her proud spirit rose above all. Calmly and clearly did she, a young and inexperienced woman, defend herself before her hoary judges men "Of stern mould and moody brow," and proved her innocence, more by the power of a serene countenance, than by tho power of language." Hut her fate was fixed. Tho royal affections had changed their object, and she must bo re moved to make way for their gratification. Such was Henry's policy, and supple tools enough he had to carry it out. Her own uncle passed sentence of death upon her. She listened to it unmoved, and raising her hands and eyes to heaven, ex claimed, "(), Father of mankind! the way, the life, and the truth, thou knowist whether I have deserved this death ;" thus proclaiming her innocence in mild but firm language. She folded her hands meekly 011 her bosom, nnd was led back to her cell. Till". EXECUTION In grim silence, and leaning on his sword, the executioner stood upon the scairold. The mayor nnd aldermen of London, with three of the king's minis ters, were there to witness the catastrophe. There stood Anne lioleyn, surrounded by a few of her waiting women. Alas, poor girl, what n fate was thine! Sho looked around her and saw those who a month before, would have trembled at her frown, now meet her glance with u stern tin pi ty ing eye. She saw too, the implements of death beside her, but her cheek blanched not, nor did her voice falter. Sho spoke mildly of her own fjle, and of tho king in kindness. "If tiny person meddle with my cause," said sho in conclusion, "I require them to judge the best; thus I take my leave of the world and of you, and I desiro you to pray for mo." Her speech awakened sympathy in ev ery uncorrupted heart around her, and amongst all those wise heads and bold spirits, she was perhaps the only person whose mind was perfectly composed. She quietly removed her hat and collar, and taking one wild and hasty look at earth and nir nnd sky, she clasped her hands nnd sank upon "her knees. A mo ment the sword glittered in the sunlight, tho next her head rolled upon the sand ! Tims perished in the prime of her life, and tho bloom of her beauty, the once ad mired and courted Anne itoleyn; while the stern, unfeeling monarch, who had torn her from the arms of a young and ar dent lover the companion of her youn ger days and raised her from humble life to queenly honors, was impatiently await ing the iinnouneeineni, that, that bright form be bad so often caressed in tender ness, was mutilated and lifeless. Alas ! bow versatile and uncertain are human af fairs. Wo live, nnd smile, and hope, and grieve, and in a moment die ! Cnnse of .tlnn'. it hi it nets, Man is frequently so wicked, only be cause he always feels himself intriested in being so; let him be more enlightened and more happy, nnd he will necessarily become belter. All equitable govern ment, a vigilant administration, will' pre sently fill the stale with honest citizens; it will bold forth to them present reasons, real and palpable, to bo virtuous ; it will foster them with its care; It will allure them by the assurance of their own pecu liar happiness, The vicious nnd wicked are so com mon upon the earth, so pertinacious in their evil courses, so attached to their ir regularities, only because there arc but few governments that make men feel the advantage of being just, honest and bene volent) on the contrary there is hardly any place where tho most powerful inter interesis do not solicit him to crime by favoring the propensities of a vicious or ganization, which nothing Itna attempted to rectify or lead towards virtue. A sa vage, who in his horde knows not the value of money, certainly would not com mit a crime ; if transplanted into civilized society, bo will presently learn to desire it; will make effort to obtain it, and, if he can, without danger, finish by stealing it, above all if he hail not been taught to respect the property of the beings who en viron him. The savage and the child ate precisely in tho same stale ; it is the negligence of society, of those interested with their education, that render both the one and the other wicked. The son of a noblo from his infancy learns to desire power ; at a riper age, he becomes ambitious ; if he has then the address to insinuate himself into favor, he becomes wicked, and he may be so with impunity. Jl is not, therefore, Na ture that makes man wicked; they are his institutions that determine him to vice. The infant brought up among robbers, can generally become nothing but a male factor ; if be had been reared with hon est people, tho chance is ho would have been a virtuous man. liolbach. The. lo f log. The manner in which Pope, the great English poet, was preserved by tho saga city of his dog is truly remarkable. This, animal which was eallled Marquis, could never airree with a favorite servant of his master's; he constantly growled when near him, and would often show bis teeth whenever this servant approached. Although the poet was singularly attached to his dog, which was a spaniel of die larg est species, yet on account of his extreme neatness, which he pushed nluiost lo ex cess, Ik; would never allow him to remain in bis chamber. Nevertheless in spiio of positive orders, the spaniel would fre quently sneak, towards evening, into the apartment of his master, and would not be driven from il without thu greatest dif ticiiliy. One evening having slipped very sofi ly in, without being perceived, the animal placed himself tinder the bed of his mas ter, and remained there. Towards mor ning, the servant rt-shed hastily into the chamber of Pope. At this moment, the dog suddenly left bis post, and leaped on the villain who was armed with a pistol. The poet started from his sleep ; he threw open the window to call for assist, anee, and beheld three high way men, who had been introduced by bis servant into the garden of his villa, for the purpose of robbing him. Disconcerted by this tin foieseen accident, the robbers hesitated for a moment, and then took flight. The servant thus betrayed by the watch ful dog, was sentenced to forfeit his life. The same dog, shortly lifter this singu lar event, exhibited another proof of his remarkable instinct. Pope, reposing one afternoon in a little wood about twelve miles distant from his bouse, lost a watch of great value.' On returning home, the poet wished to know tho hour, and found tho watch was not in bis fob. Two or threo hours had elapsed, nnd a violent storm was just commencing. Tho Poet called his dog, and malting J a sign which Marquis very well under stood, he said 'I have lost my watch go look for it.' At these words Marquis departed, and repaired no doubt, to the very spot t.t which his master stopped. It happened that the poor animal was so long occupied as to create anxiety, for midnight had arrived, and he had not re turned. What was the astonishment of Pope, when, on arrising in the morning, he opened his chamber dour, and there beheld the faithful messenger lying quiet ly, bidding in his mouth the splendid jewel, with which he bad returned, per fectly uninjured, and which was the more highly valued by the poet, as it had been presented to htm by the queen of Eng land, Mt Try's Museum. 'I tie Wnrcs of" Ibe ca n.Tlolivr Power. An English publication says that this power, which litis long been vaguely known to exist, but trie idea of ever bring ing it into use never appears to have been thought of, is just now being brought tin der notice by V. A. Etzler, who, by the means of sonic very simple machinery, has niado the alternating perpendicular motion of a ship, by the power of the wave, subsurvicnt to the horizontal mo tion through the water. The mode of the application of this power is thus de scribed : - 'To conceive how this power can be brought into aciirn, it is necessary to know, that what-ever height a wave rises, it has no effect on the calm of the water below, further than a depth equal to its height, and hence it is easy to ren der the power of waves efficient, by offer ing them a resistance ; for the propulsion of a vessel, this resistance is obtained by connecting a sort of plat-form placed be neath the undulation of the waves with the vessel floating in them ; at both ends of this platform and brought upon each side of tho vessel, are strong connecting rods, attached to arms working on an ax is ; to these arms arc fixed ratched rods, worked in tooth wheels connected with paddles, and at every pitch of tho vessel the alternate perpendicular motiorn causes the paddlo wheels to revolve. This is the most simple application ofthe power, but by a proper arrangement of requisite machinery, fly-wheels, etc., tho motion of the vessel may be regulated as true as by tho steam engine, and by springs placed in proper parts of the two floating bodies, namely, the vessel nnd the plat form all danger may be resisted, and concussion rendered harmless. Mr. Etz ler calculates that twenty to thirty miles per hour can bo easily and safely attained by these means, and that taking into con sideration the duration of calms, when there is always an undulation of ihe. sea the average rate of velocity 011 long sea voyages may ho estimated al from ten to twenty miles an hour. A perfectly suc cessful experiment has been made off Margato. with the most simple mechan ism, and a model is exhibited in the cap tain's room nt Lloyd's for public inspec tion. Ilnniel O'Comii II. We presume wo cannot oiler n more acceptable thing in the present slate of England, Ireland, re peal and public opinion, than u bttlu kkel. lt ef the eaily, private and personal history of t I'Counill : 'He is descended from an ancient Cath olic, family of the county of Kerry, and was in his youth intended lor tho priest hood. He was early sent from his edu cation lo the Jesuits' College nt St. Omer, and on finishing his studies there, inline diately avowed bis preference for the law. He accordingly studied in the Middle Temple, and in was admitted to practice at the Irish bar which had just been opened to Catholics. His success in his profession was rapid. It has been said of him, that "he is in the greatest re quest in jury eases, w here be is in his el ement. A Dublin jury forms tho twelve, stringed harp, upon which, above all things, he delights to play. His powers as a nini prim advocate aro numerous, and always al command. His skill in conducting defenses in thu Crown Court as remarkable. Here his versatility seems to approach nearer to inconsistency than in any other department of bis practice. Habitually bold and sanguine every where else, he is in these cases a model of pru dence and caution. Kapid in his usual cross examinations hero ho never puts a hasty especially a hazardous question. He received a silk gown in the latter pari of H3I. Althe same time that Mr. (V Conncll became one of the well known advocates ofthe Irish bar, he was not less eminent in the political assemblies of bis countrymen, in which he displayed a power, earnestness, firmness, that soon rendered him the leader ofthe Irish Cath olics. Indeed his exertions seem t have been of the most laborious nature. Ris ing early for calm and profound study, deposing of a mass of busines before ihe courts, which would seem sufficient to ex haust the strength of a common constitu- lion, be would often pass ihe rest of the day in some popular meeting, and lh evening nt a public dinner, in both of which he was required lo address his au dience and the next morning would find him engaged in new labor. Tor about thirty years he has been the zealous and nclivp partisan of his oppress ed countrymen, and has acted a leading part in all the efforts which they havp made for an admission to the rights of Hritish subjects, The Catholic Hoard and the Catholic Association, which were formed in 1SC3, and oppressed in 1820, were much indebted to his services for their influence. In consequence of hi having applied the reproachful epithet of "beggarly corporation" to the Dublin cor poration, which was opposed to the Cath olic claims, he became involved in a duel. in which bis antagonist fdl. A dispute arose between him and Mr. Peel when the latter was also secretary for Ireland, also led to nn appointment, which having become public, the parties were prevent ed from meeting by the authorities ; thev agreed, however, to meet on the conti nent ; but Mr. O'Connell was arrested in London, anil held to bail before the king's bench. The measures which he consid ered necessary for the relief of his coun try were the repeal of the union, and of the Cmliolic disabilities. Previous to the passage of the relief bill, be had declared that he considered it possible for him to sii in parliament; be was accordingly elected member for Clare, but did not at tempt to take his seat until after the pas sage of the bill, when he was required 10 take the usual oaths of allegiance, suprem acy and adjuration. He claimed the bene fit of the bill, but it was decided that ho was not entitled to the advantages of its provisions, nnd he was not permitted to sit. He was afterwards, however, re-elected, and took his seat accordingly. In IS30, he moved, on several occasions, for leave to bring in bills for extending the privileges of Catholics, and also a bill for reforming the abuses of parliamentary re presentation, declaring him in faror of universal suffrage, voting by ballot, antl triennial parliaments ; but his plans met with little support." "Speaking of Guns." IrrKcnTuctiyi all men w ho are candidates for public fa vor are called upon to say something to make a speech, even if the speech is about nothing; and so it is with me. You have called upon me, and as I am thus compel led to say something, 1 will endeavor to do so; but my unprepared position al most reminds me of the legislator, who during the whole session had said nothing, but '.tas faithfully watching an opportuni ty, on which he was conversant; as hn knew, unless he made a speech, he was n gone case on his return. A subject came up one day relative to swine, in some way or other, and he immediately rose anil said, "Mr. Speaker, I believe the suliject of hogs has come up, nnd I was raised among them, (shouts of laughter) I have something to say on that subject," and ho went 011 and made a good speech on all appertaining lo the breed, killing and cu ring of ihe entire animal, and thus fulfil ling what he believed his duty to his con stituents Laughter. Col. Johnson's Speech. Depend upon Yourself. The pucccss of individuals in life, is, under God, great ly owing to their learning to depend upon their own resources. Money, or the ex pectation of it by inheritance, has ruined more persons than the want of it ever did. Teach voting men to relv on their own efforts, to be frugal nnd industrious, and you have furnished them with a produc :ivo capital which others cannot wrest from them, nnd which thev themselves will not bo disposod to alienate. Self-dependence is tho only sure stay ; and combined with perseverance, will over come all obstclcs. A physician passing by a stone-mason, bawled out to him. "Good morning, Mr. V Hard at work, I see. You finish your grave stones as far as 'In memory of and then you wait, I suppose to see who wants a monument I 'Why, yes,' replied the old man, resting for a moment on his mallet 'unless somebody is sick, and you are doeioting him, and then I keep straight on Human Knowledge. Human knowl edge is a profound pillar, but it is built ir the midst of a desert of ignorance, and thoso who have ascended the highest, have gained a more extended view of tho waste. Eels sometimes live lo bo nearly a hun dred years old. They are so slippery that Death has to grab a good many limes before he can secure thrm. Substitute for -Tripe. Take sole Icstli er, wash it well, and fry it in fat until well browned.