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THE OTTAWA FREE TRADER.
3 - M"'W -g-U EQUALITY." FREE TRADE K. sr rW., III., FrWaj, Jaar 3, I MO. DEUOCMjITIU NO.NINATIOXS. Fur Governor: AUGUSTUS C. I KKNCII, . Of CRAWFORD COUNTY. For Ll. G.tverwr : .'.."JOSEPH 15. WELLS, OF ROCK ISLAND COUNTY. , For Congress, JOHN WENTWORTII. ; For Senator t WILLI AM JIEDDICW- " For Krpresentalires : JOSEPH O. GLOVER, AMBROSE O'CONNOR, WILLIAM BARBER. sliel C'eacfwilen. '. w ear'r"",, Stli'-nirD who has in-t sr- lisej frr JHet, thai the democratic convention which "nbled at that place on yesterday, nnrimouai7 nominalcd the Hon. Join V.a r H.ITI for re.tiw.llA , vuiig-ess. i lie con- spolion was fully attended, and lliU mark of onfi lenc an 1 esteem must bo highly gratifying to Col. Went worth. It is needier toisy that the democracy of (Lis district will heartily re. epond to the action of the convention, and at the Aojust election will give him audi a majority as ihisalerling democracy and faiihful public servi tci enlill him to. The War srlih ffleslraTinciis nl home Spree h mf .11 r. Uou-ilusa. As in every oih cr contest with a foreign pnw er in which our government has ever 1mm n engage-, so in Ihe present one with Mexico, iIuti i s party among us in whose eyes our country is always in Ihe wrong, and the enemy, by a pa rity of reasoning, in the right. It was so in ihe revolution, in the war of 1312, in the Trench spo liation question, in the Florida war, llio north eastern boundary question, the Oregon difficulty, and now in Ihe war with Mexico. By a system of sanctimonious cant, our county it always held guilly of being engaged in aomo wicked scheme of aggrandizement, or rapacity, or oppression, or flagrant outrage of some kind or other, for which these hypocritical traitor justify themselves in crippling her energies, and aiding the enemy by very means within their power, so far a they can without committing some overt set of Ires son, Tor which ihey might get their deserts. In 'iherpresent case our country is Wrong in two par ticulars first, in having annexed Tex a, and se condly in marching an army beyond the Neuces. (into what is alleged to be disputed territory. "If Jlay or Diinoy bad boon elected," we are told, "then Texas would n it have Ucn annexed, and this war would not have ensued." Now, il i conceived that ibis is no time to rip up ihe Tex as controversy, and while a perfidious foe is stain ing our on soil with American blood, to slop nj re-argue the question whether it waa right to receive under tho broad ffgis of this Union, a neighboring friendly independent republic, pen. . pled by our own kindred, wedded lo our inMilu lions, but'who, from their weakness, were in dan ger of falling into the hands of the worst enemies of our country. Il is enough that Texas is now Our own valuable possession, which we are by onr constitution, snd every prncipleufgood fiilli, bound lo prolrct. Nor should the persona who justify their (reason in thi pi ts leave nu I nf ihe account entirely the hundred insults and outra ges, sufficient of ihcmselvea to justify ihe presi nl war, which our country ha received at the hands of Mexico, through a long seres of years, before the annexstion of Texas was thought of. Astu the oilier plea, that the country beyond Ihe Neu es, is Mexicsn, nr at least disputed territory, we copy an article to day from Ihe Washington l.'n ion, headed "The Del Norte (he truo boundary of Texas," which leaves this plea without thread to hang on. And in addition, we have he. fore us s speech delivered in Congrcsion the 13ih ult., by Judge Doi'oLsBf, on this subject, which .disposes of this plea so admirably and triumph. santly.ithat we cannot forbear giving an outline " of iland quoting some of il parte. ' Mr. D. had arisen to reIy tr Mr. Delano, a whig member from Ohio, who argued that the country beyonj tho Neuces was Mexican terrilo. ry, that the war commenced by marching an ar- my into it was "unholy, unrighteous, and dam nable," yet said that he waa for "ourcnunlrjt . light or wrong," aud would role for supplies lo feed the army. Judge D.'s reply to ihess decla- . rations is so admirable, tiiat wc givs il in hi own , language : What reliance iliall we place on the sincerity , of gemUuien's professions, that Ihey are for the country right " wrong, wnen mey nrn power and influence lo put their country in the Ucong in lha eves or Chrialendom. and invoke : the wrsllt ofhraven upon OS for our manifold nu sional erimea arid agirreaaions ? With professi. lis -of patriotiem on their lips.ilo thry not show thai their heail are against iheirown coun'ry I Thry ' .apjisal lo the conscience iitid rrligiou feelings ol " our 'Countrymen to unite in execration id uor Government, army, citizen soldiers, and country, - .' fur prosecuting what they di imuiice as an unho ly, iiiiiighteuus, and damnable rause. They predict that Hie judgments of Mod will rest ' upon us that sickness, and carnage, and death, will be our portion thai defeat and disgrace will - attend nur arm. Is there tint treas.ii. in Ihe , heart that can feel, and poison in the Iwenlh lhal ran utter, such sentiment c si list their own country, when forced to take up arm in self de. fence, lu reiel invasion by a brutal and perfidi-j ou enemy t They for llwr country righl or ;;' wrong, wlio loll our people If they rally under ' 4hit country's standard, their lirtio will bleach . on the plsnis uf Afoxien, and -the imonry will look down from lbs mountain top in behold the destruction of our armies by disease and mala rise, and those mysterious elements nf death which Divine Providence employs In punish a wit.kej people for prosecuting an unholy ami un just war! Hir, I tell these nenilemen lhal it re ajuire mote charity than fall to Ihe lot of frail : snan te believe that these sentiments are consis tent with las sincerity of their uiifeinne with patriotism, honor, and duly to their country. ' Patriotism emanates from the heart. Oil the enul, infuses itself into Ihe whole man, and speak . n4 acts the same langusge. A friend nf hi i Chantry in war wilt feel, speak, snd set fir hi ' eountre will revere bis eeanlry's cause, and ' los country's euemies. 'America wants nu friends, acknowledges the fidelity of noetliient ' who, after war is declared, eatiwlernn the justice ' nf her cause nr sympathizes with the eiismv AH sucb are traitors in tbeir bcsiis and tveuld to God thai trhy woulj commit some nej lu for which they coulJ be dealt with - ' Ihrir deserts, jw that the Del Judge O. then procredrjVded aa ,e western Norle bad always jfm the lima we had for. bminiljr.v.ln, of F-snce regarded " ihe presidents and lading mrn in Ihe ounlry, in cluding Mr. Adn. "ho was now among the 'a.-. . . .1 tl... ...a.i.h.n1 f.ir it.-f.-nilinir iflllt mm s ori.ifiiiv mt " 9 - I territory i that in addition, it was a part of that ; tigitlj leighlenrd by a slirllclsh tight and a . la'est dales been disposed of. Il'eia lhal had athinved its independence of ,i0,idi head or two. Sume thirty men enrolled The gr.-at national fair of American manufac Mexico, hsd repeatedly lecn acknowledged such j t,,inclvce for the Teiss war, and others 'ures is now open at Washington, and is a bnl- I i... ..- .lu.;rt.f n.ivriim, nl liml hImtuvs lieen re . thai mn tint htre srnl wir.l K .Kbh 1 li.nt slTiir In Ihe was uf ratrliiiii. I.rill' villi.. nj uir .in. - " ireiMili'd in tie Trian C'liiairesj, was now iin-lu-j did in one of stir tongnrsioral district, anu llut emigres hsd pisd laws, fr which Mr. Adanifi and all the rest who now contend this is Mexi- can lerrilorv,riro', extending oer it tV.o I'nited states revenut and post nlTu-elaws. In the course of his speech. Judge I), was repeatedly inlcrrup'; ed ly Mr. Adam., upon whom under mis p- vocation he turned, and gave one of the n thorough n)'i'' Iho old man ever got. ,'1t f his own mouth" emphatica'ly he convi"' him, and Mr. A.'s attempts to evade the !,u wero blundering and ridiculous, and f' ) with the w ust kind of temper. Wecan 've',ul j s .tierimen or two, Jo Ige U. bad quo! " .h prepared by Mr. Adams win' "-- ( "f stale, oving ,e Del Norte (l!i.""n''r) '" ; be Iho western boundary of Texas.'' c0,n" j I ... . ..iir.lnrv ' tncnting on it, when be was inter' ' Mr. Adam. I never said our liile was' g ou lu uie iuj Uel . one trom source. . Mr. D.iuul,... I fully un"','"" of Ihe ceiitlemsn's denial. ' d' ""'' hp 1 claiml the del None ' U"H '" '"" I 1 know nothing of hism '"' "'""'' ! Claimed the del Noile a'1"" r"'Uii.lar. without . specifying how far ilev'",,,J ul' the r,v,'r' Hel will nol denv this fac '" 1 h,,e ,he o0'c"1 cv,- denceover his own nalure. It I true I can- nol prove Ihe hand fur " ' Pr""''l j Ihe alaie papers, a' "lne ,lel'r,,''l l' patch lo Don tlii J,he sl'"', niiniaier. Will .. i irnnin in is . 'he gentli ma' 'Pily tlie point irum wuicn ins line left lb Mr. suarni. 'never slated ihe point. Mi. Douglass. Was il above Maiamniokl HI. Adams. I never specified any paiticular p;'t. Mr. Dnugtss 1 have heard of this line to which the genleman refers. Il followed a rive ncarlo the cageof the mountains; certain! more than 100 mil is above Matamotos. Consi nnenlly, lakingthe gentleman on his own claim I he poaiiinn ocupied by deneral I aylor nppo- site .Valomoro", and every inch of the ground up on which Ihe American soldier has planted his foot, were cleirlv within our own territory as claimed by bin in 1 8 1 1. We can givebul one more extract. Judge D. was regretting list ,Vr. A. who had been so warm1 i . fjrihewholaolOrcgon.wa.nowsorcady torc-V linquish nur rijits in the south, and stated belief lhal if tin war were about Oregon, the south would n'H'rcat the north so; when he was again interrnplei by Mr. Adams. ! though! I understood the gen- tlcmon, some tine ago, to be for 54 drgreea 41 minutes, and to ell his .Southern trienils lliut he wanted no dodgiig on the Oregon question. Mr. Douglass. Sir, I was for 54 deg. 40 nun.,' and am a. ready lo fight for that line a ihe Del None. Mv painoiism is not of that kind whtcn would lead me lo 10 lo ar to enlarge one section of Ihe Union no of mere hatred snd vengeance toward tlie other. .1 nf no section in (Ilia) renect: and while I did complain f ,s southern Mends on the Oregon question, I nsvsr doubted their patriotism when war was actually declared, liul, since the gentleman from Massa chusetts has referred to the Oregon question, I wish lo call his attention lo one or hi wise say ings.nn that subject, and see if he will nol apply il to Tens aa well as Oregon, lie (old us that be went for the policy of the great Frederick in regard lo Silesia. He was for taking possession first, and negotiating afterwards. According lo the gentleman's own showing, thai is precisely what Mr. Polk has done in regard to the country on iho Del Norte, Me certainly ought not to blame Ihe President fjr acling over one of his own maxims. WAR NEWS. Our news from the soat of war last week was up lo the 1 Bt Ii ult. Dy ihe St. l.ouis Republican nf Saturday wc have four daya later dates. The news is interesting. The Steamship Alabama arrived ut New Or leans on the 221 ult., from lirnr.n Santiago, which place she left on the 10th, at 5 oM ck P. M. Ollicial new had been received al Point Isa bel that Col. Wilson, with four companies of regulirs and three of Alabama volunteer, had taken Uarita, a small Mexican town, about 8 miles sbove the mouth of the Rio Grande, and be I w Point Isabel, without opposition, (Jen. Taylor was lo cross the Rio Grande for the pur pose uf taking Malamome on Munday morning the Ifllh. No cannonading having been heard at Point Isabel, it was generally supposed that the Mexicans had retired, leaving (seneralTaylur to take quiet possesion uf the town. Cien. Smith's command of Louisiana volun teers was on their wsy hsd commenced their march on Ihe Island of Rocachica ; to cms the Rio Grand at Ihe mouth, and advance up the ri ver on the Mexican aide. Col. Maika and Wslton' regiment were complete, the "Seu" having arrived at Point Isaabcl previous lo the Alabama's departure ; officer and men all well and in good spirit. It was reported lhal upward uf 2 000 Mexi cans bad left for the interior, in consequence of Ihe scarcity of provision being in snsclual stale of starvation. A correspondent of the Picayune willes from Puint Isabel, May 8lh. "Information waa recei ved from General Taylor laal evening lhal he in tended lo cross over to iVatamoros early lo duy Early in the morning a few cannons were heard. I suppose he has taken the place without oppo sition, ss the remain uf the Mexican army, 20011 men, were two doy lines in active preparation for retreat lo Ban Fernando, 3D Iragues aoulh ibe balance, not killed, drowned, or prisoner having scsttered in ultcr confusion to their homes. Never were an army so panic alricken. In the retreat rum the battlefield of the Dili, Gans, Arists snd Aoipudia led the San on foot through the chupparal, aliipping ofTlhrir clothes a ihey ran, snd when lltey arrived at the river had nothing but their shirts strcsming in Ihe wind: they plunged in and swam across: many of their deluded follower sinking into that "se pulchre" that Jfejia hsd promied to tho "degen- era'e sons of Washington." The .1exicana lust 100 drowned an their retreat crossing the Kio Grande ( most of (lie wounded who were deliver ed up to them by Gen, Taor have since died by neglect and want vt hospital means snd sup plies." The mail letting for Illinois hsvs hern decid ed al Washington, and sll have been taken at an average of lei than half of what was paid before. Hinton has the routes from Chicago to St, l.ouis. He gets f IHOO for carrying the mail from Chica go tn Ottawa. James Scull take the route from Ottawa to Elgin, at 095, Wm. K. Drown from Ottawa tn Uluoiniiigton, at $360. Prink, Wal ker tt Co. will run tbsiir stages, as usual un the grest thoroughfare tn the nurltiwc.t. The Velissileeis. I Wednesday vu juil a military day in out L town, and reminded us more uf an olJ New York or Pennsylvania framing ,tbsn an; tiling we have seen since we have Irfl the east.' A (real num. brr of uur militia flocked into lown in obedience lo the order of C. R. J'uTTsa, lha commandant of this battalion, ts 1 ihe Irainn of men, and Ihe mil aiirrinv Jxim an I ear-iiercinir fife" save ....... - Jhsi-ioVillv hlli,frnt rmt mjKIK - in - un ii . - - " j - -. . . . " . - '"'J! wjuld e on hand at ihe prnjier time. We nrr c'n'lrnl a much Urgfr numU'r would i havc nnlled themselves, if ihey had known Ihe j j.nvion of the Illinois volunteers. There i j .oickwardne-is to enlist in a summer campaign lo the south, or lo waste the senson in a larrscka by a large number who woul.l most willingly join an army lo marcn lo ?tnts I e or any ot the more northern department of Mexico. Should it however, Ihc 'me necessary to answer the call f r three thousand men upon our stale, tha t more should ei.li.t from Did I. a Sallr, il nitMl but be signified lo cut peiple, and we aro confi lent there will be plenty more, who will go whiili-'-.xocvcr iluty may call Idem. Our -junta would In- about ... . .. ... ... an, anu we lH-lieve we shall scnil this nuinler, bul we would not be particular on this head, Those who have entitled, we understand will organize and report lo head quarter in a few da) i M ar I iritis. VJunlecrinz tn Su'ifATii Illinois Pur.uanl to the call of C'ul. I'olli-y, the A'h regiment, llli noia militia, met at Nashville, Washington Co., on the 25h ult., and a company immediately formed of 127 who reported themselves 'ready.' A company was formed al Alton on Ihe JTih, "ihe Alton Ciuards," who reported themselves. lien. Scmple has ordered his command to i meet and gel as many volunteers as are willing. I The (ien. will lake leave of iho senate to lake ! command in person. Ja. Shields is expected home to voWm'cer in , the war. ! Mr. T. Campbell, tobacconist in St. l.ouis. presented each of the volunteers from that cily before leaving lor Tens, with a six month's sup ply of the best kind uf chewing tobacco. F, A. Lumsden, of the N. O. Picavune. has raised a company of volunteers on his own hook and gone lo the Texas war. Nearly half the volunteers thai left St. l.ouis fir Texas, were foreigner by birth. IV l . . . , . ...'.' Qr nliiprlion. Iioina nft.-r.-.l l. iK nt ,A . . ,-,...,.. j V'' J'a " a ' ' us . . st( jmi.umi, he Philadelphia Pennsylvanian has il from . Frame, and Holland. Afler the bailie of good suth -rity thai one of the chief of the Creek ! Si,n J aoiit1. (he Mexicans relired beyond nation, now in Washington, has i.fl'ercd ihe pre-1 ll'e I't'l Norte, Slid have never reoeeupi idenl the services of two ihoutim I picked war-' Cl' ''ie country between that river and the riors, should they be required in ihe conflict with j Nueces. It was organized io a county Mexico. of Texas, running from the Nueces to A company nf 100 young men in St. Clair,1'" n''' N"r,c aml lliiS been constantly county in this slate, before any requisition was m,ie on our B,ernor for volunteer. r.,nn...i themselves into s company, elected J. I,. D. Mor- j ' ,l,e L nllt!l1 Stale. A port of delivery rison captain, and offered to enrol themselves un-1 we81 of l,,e Neuces was anlhoi i zed by a der (ien. Milbuin, of I,oui, fjr tho Mexican la w f our congress, unanimously passed V.- t.u o,e Uen had lo decline arcrpting them, j December last, and our revenue laws ate as ths quota from Kt. im i..i -i..ib i(tn.nnw ") full operation there. The lower exceeded. 1 hey will have a ciutice now. Ceo. Kmpp, Ihe junior ( the St. l.ouis Ke - nublican. is amour- the volunteer, from lhal cuv. and holds a 2.1 lieulenanlship. Mr. Kecmle. ..f the Reveille, is also wiih them, as a "bih pri- vate," we believe. ' " Gov. Mender.on of Mississippi will command tbe volunlrers from lhal alate to the I rxas war in person. Vulunlters. The following is the rnrolment of troops ordered by the Ku culive in the sever al states, and mustering eighty-six regiments and a half. If Ihe companies are full, the force will be equal to, and beyond, Ihe fifty thousand men ordered by congress : Knnilment. N Hampshire 2000 Indiana Massachusetts 3000 Kentucky Main 3000 Ohio Vermount 2000 Michigan Connecticut 3001) Wisconsin Rhode Island l"00 Iowa New York KOuO Florida New Jersey 20 0 Louisiana Peon-ylvania 6 '00 Texas Maryland ItOtiO Tennessee Delawaie 1000 District t'olumbi 4000 4lM)0 ftMH, 2 00 '"i" linil! 4ooo tM,0 401X1 250 Making in all R regiments and one battaliun, consisting of 43,250 men. Virginia 8 Carolina Alabama Arkansas Illinois 5000 N Csrolina 2000 Georgia 30(H) Mississippi 3000 Missouri 3000 2000 3000 2000 2000 Tho story about Mr. Slory, President nf the Dank Xt Louisiana, offering to place 500,000 at the' disposal of the governor of that stale as sinews of wsr, is all talk, be having even refused to loan the slate fOOOO. The Canal Hank, how ever advanced ihe money cheerfully, intimating that there was 'more there,' The Hank of Mis souri, on second thought, slsosgrerd to loan the stats f 10,01)0 without interest lo equip the vol lu nicer. The democrats uf the 5th ur Galons congres sional district, represented by Mr, Iloge, met in convention at Rucklsland on Ihe 20 ult.,and uum inated Thosms J.Ti Hsr.a for congress, on the iry-srtfiilh ballot. The prominent cat didates be fore the cunvenliun we believe were Mr. Moge Mr. Turner, and Thompson Campbell. Tho sincerity of the cry of ihe manufacturers for the protection of 'home industry' is beautiful ly illustrated by the following paragraph from the London Economist, brought over by the Can.luia. "l.asl week ihe representative nf a spinning es tablishment at Boston, I'nited Slate, visited this country, in order to engage wool-combers and mill hand. About a acore of familira from Uradfoad have already engaged and sie about In sail from Liverpool as soon as the ship is leady." We do nol quote thia because we object lo gelling hand from England nr any cither coun try to labor in nur maitufuclviirs; but we do so to show that the cry of the manufacturers againal tho pmiptr tutwr uf Europe is all a humbug. Labor, by uur raslem manufacturers, is aa much regarded n a commodity, as tho pries nf which is regulated by the demand, as any uf their fab lies. If Ihey need a bundled hand, and can get idem cheaper in England lhan in thia country, they will get them there ; snd they have a right lo Jo so t bul doing to, thry have no right lo ask a bounty of (he general government in the shape of a high tariff lo protect them against the cheap labor of Europe while they avail themselves of sll ths advantages of that labor. Kx-dovemor Hoggs of Miaaouri, with bis fam ily, left Independence, Mo., on the tuih ult., for Oregon. t'Mgrna. The proceeding f congress arc at present uf lhal commonplace kind, which, though very usc- 1 f , . i r. : -1 i;.. i.. ...... .. i. . fut, furnishes very little newspaper inattrr. The house is rngajrtf nnthr usu il annual appropria tion hills, and its main trouble is to kiepa ijui rum together. The senate has renewed the Or rgon discussion, on a motion to defer the consid eration of the hill lu protect Ihe Oregon rittirs. t nnt llrceniher, which motion bad nut at uur -i - h iwever, it is likely lo lie a failure. Mr. Fiiklin in Vhiindrlihia. The speech of the lion, O. 0. Ficklin. uf this stair, delivered it the Chinese Murium, in I'liil ulelphis, at the Ureal Oregon Meeting on the first ult , if pub lished at Ifncih in the Philadelphia Keystone, which piper spraks of it as an able and eloquent production, and commends il to all who are de sirous of obtaining valuable information in ri fi i ence lo the Oregon question. We have read it with int. ie.l ami f eel) endorse a l the Ke) stone savs i f it. T.fmmil II ,ur, Cliiriig-i. Uy iho Democrat we learn that Mr. A. Johnson, formeily of Ihe 'ily Motel, Chicago, well and favorably known lo the Iravelin public, lias become associated with Mr. Ciurley of the Trcmonl Mouse. 1'nder their joint management this already popular es tablishment will possess new atlractions lo trav elers, and will not be surpassed by ai y in the west. The proceedings of the democratic convrnlieii of Livingston coun'y came loo late lobt inurted in this week's pap r. 0u'o is the name of a city thai is springing up al the mouth of the Ohio river, on Ihe Missouri side. Il is but a month old, aud already some twenty sub.lanlial binl lings have been erected. fJoiI." savs Fuller, in his.iuainl wav, "might hlve ma,e ,.Wr f ;, ,tlJ , nwberry, but he never did." S. ,ise Smith, who bfi Chicago a year ago to make Philadelphia bis permanent residence, has returned, satisfied that he can 'do belter' in Chi cago, The Del .rle ihe True lioiindary of Trans, rfy ihe organic law of IMG. ihe Repub lic of Texas lixed her boundary on the Itin del Xitrtr. and with 1 1 1 1 t hniinilntv Ii i i i i " life I ikIh llpnil"nfo was roeno n 1 1 iil liv ,,, . vlul., ,," ,,.,.,., f. rcprcsenieu III li.e congress 01 I exas, in I ,r'e,, eonveniior, nnu now in tne congress Uel Hum. alwavs the bnunilarv of ! ancient Texa, as a parlor r. ,!eJ l" us tlie f 1 803. Such i i .i - , as Deen lM,; opinion 01 our Uiilingllislied state'ilicn an I presidents, ever since 1803. Mr. JelTerson distinctly annotin- 1 -.i :. :.. ...i ..... i , lcu . " ";l";J'c" eo.ir.iiunicaiions, anil especially on the 81I1 of July, 1 8'J 1. his fixed opposition to the 'relinquishment of any territory whatever eastward of the Kio Hravo. Mr. Madison, in his letter of the 31st March, 1804, says, our boundary 'ex tended wcslwardly to Uiollravo;' and he declares that the French commissioner delivered us the possession of Texas with the 'Del Norte as its true boundary. ' On the Bill November, 1803, Jas. Monroe de- j dared lhal 'inconleslnbly' the boundary of Louisiana is 'ihe Itio liiavo to the west;' and Mr. Pinkney unites in the declaration. Mr. Monroe, in his letter of the I9ih of January, 1810, nml Jurtp 10, 1810, ssys, nnne rould dispute 'our title to lexas; and he adds, 'that our title to the Del Norte was as clear at tn the island of New Orleans.' In his let ter of the Wilt March, 1810, John Quin ry Adams proves our title to Texas, and says, 'well might Mr. I'inkniy and Mr, Monroe write to M. Cevallos, in 1805, that the claim of the United Slates tn the Kio Bravo was as rlear as the righl lo the island of New Orleans.' Mr. Hen ry Clay in his speech of 1820, in con gress, quotes and repeats the same opin ion ; aud in bis celebrated anti-Texas let ter of the 17ih April, 1841, Mr. Clay says,' I lie Lulled slates acquired a tide to Texas, extending, as I believe, to the Kio Del Norte by the treaty of Louisia nn ;' and the distinguished senator from Missouri, Lol. Ileiiton, in one of his able letters on this subject, republished by lumscll in the liloue cif the 4 ill of May 1844, savs: 'The best and inosl numerous harbors on the continental coast of the (iulpli of Mexico no between the Sabine and ihe mouth of the Kio Del Norte. As a na val and commercial power, owning the great river which carries the commerce of an empire into the Gulf, we had the greatest need for these harlnus. liy the Requisition of Louisiana we obtained them ; by the new boundary established on our southwest frontier in 1810 we gave ihein away.' 'Before the establish incut of this boundary all the country to tho west of tho lowir Mississippi quite to the Kio Del Norte was ours That Texas was ours by the treaty of 1803, and that its boundary extended to the Del Norte, is proved by the concur' rem authority of Jefferson, Madison Monroe, Adams, Pinkney, Benton, and Clay. It was the boundary fixed by lcxai in her organic! law of 1830 anil beyond which the Mexicans were thon driven. And if Texas lias no other claim to the country between the Neuces and Del Norte, thai by conquest and oc etipalion would be complete. El Exptttudor of the 24th ult., pub lished in the city of Mexico, gives i dis rription of the kind of war tho Mexican govr-rnment proposes to rary on against the Untied Stales Il is to le o sucrillu w ar, no pitched battlea to be fouglit, but tlie roimlry to be laid waste, our troops lirirrasst-ii, and all supplies cut ifl". The Mexicans are well skilled in this mode of warfare. Il will, therefore, be necessary for our government In organize jour forocs in larj;e bodies, and In advance into Mexico without delay ; otherwise ihe war may be protracted for years. Ai)i)iu:ss. To tiik Citizens of l.n Same coi ntv. ON TUB M'lUKCT OF InTEHTCUAM K. Ftllow Citizens: Tlte area of your country includes one of the finest speci mens of the earth's surface. As to the combined advantages of exuberance of soil, salubrity of climate, variety of sce nery, and national facilities for commer cial and general prosperity, il has few superiors. Whether the traveler passes hastily through, taking his birds-eye view of the general surface, ot the ciiizen wan ders leisurely over it, investigating more minutely its natural resources, there is found constant evidence that nature has not stinted her bounties in tho formation of your portion of the earth. And alrea dy has tho hand of industry in some in stances, begun to make the desert bios soin 1 i k e the rose already good habita tions, comfortable school-houses and churches, begin to adorn and beautify our prairies and villages. But an evil is in our midst that mars all our beauty anc threatens to defeat our best hopes. The terrible monster in ti.mi'Krrnuk prowls about, seeking whom he may devour, lie undermines the strongest constitu tions, dethrones the most vigorous judg ments, destroys the most unspotted char acters, blasts the hriphtesl prospects, and brings disappointment, povertv, disgrace and wretchedness, into the sanctury of the domestic circle, lie converts the husband intn a monster, the father into a brute, the children into piupers and crim inals, and iho once happy wife into the very personification of w retchedness and sorrow. But we will specify some of the acts of tins monster, and endeavor by an induction of facta, t, make out a cae to the satisfaction of nil. We w ill stale two or three propositions with facts in proof, bearing upon the great subject ol intemperance and its only possible reme dy. Our "ourt is the people of I, a Salle co. We want the ear of tho court, and if we secure its judgment, we may chal lenge a most vigorous co-opcraiion of its executive power, the will. First Proposition. Ardent spirits is not necessary as common drink, bul injurious. Al a tern pcrance meeting held nol long since in Alabama, Col. Lemanousky, who had been 23 years a soldier in the armies of N. Bonaparte, addressed the meeting, lie arose before the audience tall, etect, and vigorous, with a glow of health upon his cheek, and said : "You see before vou a man 70 years old. 1 have fought 200 battles, have 14 wounds on my body. have lived aa day 0n horse flesh, with the batk of trees for my bread, snow an(t ice for my drink, the canopy of heaven for my covering, without stockings 0r shoes on my feel, and only a few rags of clo'lnnj. In the desert of EifVPt I have marched for days with the burninc sun upon my naked head ; feet blistering in tlie scorching sand, and with eyes, nos trils and mouth filled with dust, and with a thirst so tormenting, that I have opened the veins of my nrms and sucked my own blood! Do you ask how I survived all these horrors? I answer that nnder the providence of God, I owe my preserva tion, licalil', and vigor, lo the fact that I never ilrnnk a drop of spirituous liquor in my life, Continued he, "Baton Larry, chief of the medical staff of ihe French Army, has stated as a fact, that the G000 survivors who safely returned from bgypt, were alt of them men who abstained from ardent spirits." Second Proposition. The sale and use of ardent spirits is a very great pecuniary evil in this county We name this evil first, not because il is most important, but because it is the most tangible and touches the main spring of human action. Not being able to pre sent the statistics of crime and pauperism, Willi their causes and consequences in this county, we must avail ourselves of the well authenticated statistics of other counties, and having thus ascertained the general principle, apply it to ourselves. For Ihe literal statistics of Green county, one ol tbo prominent and prosperous counties of the slate of N. York, we re fer you to the appendix of the sixth anu - alrenortof the A. T. Socielv. found in the 1st volume of Permanent Temperance Documents, page .iii. We can here name only a few of the results of the cal culations there drawn out in full. Dur ing seven years nearly 300 persons were at different limes, confined in the jail of Green county f,ir crimes. All but three wero inttmptrutt. Tho jail expenses for the county for the same time, were 93,050, almost the whole occasioned by intemperance. Of the paupers of that county, seven eights became so by in tcmpssrancc. The expenses of the poor house for three ycats were 10,005. Seven-eights of which being occasioned by intemperance, il makes the pauper hill of the county for 3 vears, all occasioned by intemperance 14,008. Of the direct tax raised for the expenses of the county of Green during one year, more than hall was lo pay the expenses nf the use uf in toxicating liquors as a beverage. 'Now how do the people of La Salle county leel about paying every oilier dol lar of laxes, or rather doubling their le gitimate tax for the support of the rum seller, and the production of all the legit imate consequences of his traffic? We will ask the haid-working farmer, when he plows and sows, and harvests and threshes 40 bushels of wheat, and brings il into market through the mud or dust to pay the necessary expenses of tho county, if he wishes tn add 40 bushels more for the gratification of a few men who traffic in ardent spititi f Why ciii- zeus.jiiki look at il. Who would fight and quarrel if they were not drunk ! Who are reduced to pauperism in this land of abundance, except the victims of intem perance ? Who would bo guilty of hard ly any crime, were il not for iho stimula ting clfecls of ardent spirits T Who would lounge about tbe groceries when they ought to be paying their honest debts, ami doing good, and setting an example of industry and virtue, if il were not for the fascinating cup T Why then license a few men thus to rifle your pockets of your hard-earnings T Does it make it any easier to pay iln cost o! intemperance, that the demand is made by the indirect process of taxation for county expenses T Do you not then by licensing the rum seller, voluntarily authorize a class of men to rille your pockets of yon hard earning, and deprive your families of in in v uf ihe conveniences of life, and is it right that this thing should continue T Will you permit il to continue, fur il is for you to say. The people of other counties and other states are opening their eyes to this subject, and acting with a manly firmness and decision. are certainly taxed enough to pay our debts and sustain our credit, without adding a hundred per cent for the support of in temperance. 'Jhird Proposition. Intemperance is a great personal, so cial, and tior evil. On this point the observation of every individual will fur nish the most interesting and satisfactory statistics. You have all witnessed in re peated instances, the unhappy wreck of individuals and families occasioned by this vice. You have seen the young, beautiful and virtuous bride, who had committed her all to one who solemnly plighted his entire devotion in return. mourn in wretched obscurity the disap pointment of all her earthly hopes. You have marked her toilsome, discouraging and miserable course through a life of ad vcrsiiy, until an obscure death closed her troubles, delivering her from the crushing embarrassment of a drunken husband. You have noticed children, endowed with good natural capacities, and full of native aspiration after their appropriate tlevcl opemcnt, become entirely discouraged, and sink into gross sensuality and vice, under the influence of a drunken father. And whenever intemperance comes, it blasts all that is beautiful and worthy, and spreads desolation in its progress Its empire is the destruction of all mo ra'ity and the mother of all vice. Felix Grundy from Tennessee, gave it as his opinion after 30 years extensive practice as a lawyer, that four fifths of all the crimes committed in the United States can be traced to intemperance. Now shall such a moral pestilence be sanction ed by law! Shall men be licensed and encouraged to sow broad-cast over our beautiful countv, the buds of vice and crime? A volume of facts might be de rived, showing the effects of inlemper ance upon individual well-being, in the production of disease and premature death, as welt as self-abandonment and all lurms of viso. tint we need nov.fiir ther illustrate the effects of a vice, that is the natural parent of all evil things. You cannot want proof of the truth of the pro position, thai intemperance is a great per sorial, social and moral evil. We come now to the Fourth Proposition. It is the duty of every individual to do what he can to remove this evil. For long agps the evil was supposed to be remediless. But a principle has been developed in oi r age which has power to remove drunkenness with all its loathsnme and direful effects from the world, and to restore the empire of temperance and vir tue. Il is the temperance principle, or the principle of voluntary associations against intemperance. It is in the power of the community by this principle to ex pel ihe demon of intemperance, lo dry up the fountains of vice, and to restrain health to the body, humanity to the heart, and happiness and prosperity to the fam ily of the drunkard. And who will re fuse lo dcvelope the full power of this principle ? Say, fellow citizens, will you not come up to the rescue, will you not give your names, your influence and your efforts to promote this cause ? Pass through the streets nf your principal towns, count the grog-shops and the drunkards that disgrace the community, and say if there is not an urgent reason for immediate, decided and univeisal ac tion on tho subject. Are you inclined to throw off responsibility, and say it is no 1 concern of mine? What! is it nnlhing to you that the public interests suffer? Is it nothing lo your feeling of humanity when your neighbor comes into town to dispose of his grain, that he should he decoyed by the lascinating cup into the irroi?-shon. and there be robbed not onlv of his moncv. but of his reason, his rhar- i- i i.i I . ' . YlJ DONi"''",cl"1Jlda,efor,'eoiriceofCoun actcr. his health and his heart, and bHf c.,li-oner at the net! Auguat .lection. sent penny less to his family with the spi rit of a tiger, instead of carrying to them Ihe comforts of life, and the kind heart of a husband and a father ? Is il nothing to you, that so great a proportion of the crime and pauperism which you help lo support is occasioned directly by intem perance ? Is il no concern of yours, when every oilier dollar of your hard-earned money is required to defray the ex j penses of rutnselling? O, Citizens, open ' your eyes to your true interests, and make a vigorous and manly effort to remove this great evil from your midst. Thus it appears that the use of ardent spirits is not necessary as a common drink, that il is a great pecuniary, person al, social and moral evil in this county, and that the legitimate remedy of all these evils is the temperance association. Now we ask if any man can honestly, or rea sonably withhold his influence from the temperance cause ? Ths Msg of temper ance is now unfurled, the war has com menced, now is the time for volunteers. Il is emphatically crisis in the charac ter and social prosperity of your county. What shall he the event? Shall your children bo exposed lo the tremendous draught of the grest maelstrom of intern- -perance! Or shall their interests and characters be guarded by a correct anil vigorous public sentiment? Say, shall ' th minds of our youth continue to be ' exposed lo the powerful attacks of temp tation that always coexist wiih the sale and use of ardent spirits ? It if for yOU to say t and who can hesitate when so much is at stake, especially when the sacrifice required by virtue is so trifling. Fellow Ciiizent, feeling the might of this ; subject, and the importance of the pres ent crisis, we urge you to a manly decis. ion. In behalf of the committee. GEO. W. BASSKTT, Chairman. The crim. ro. case in Will county, we noticed a few weeks since which turned out as follows The husband of ihe guilty wife pursued her and her par amour to Galena, and overtook them. where be settled the matter with the dig poiler of his wife by taking his notes for 9400. The husband then rnnrnnil In Will county and got a divorce from his wife, al the court just held in Joliet. If tho man gets Ihe money on the notes he hoIJs, he will have made a pretty good bargain, as no very high price could rea sonably be set upon so nauehtv a wife. Chicago Democrat. Circuit Court. Judge Calon lias bern holding our court during the past week, and lias given the grcates satisfac tion to the bar, the suitors, and all others, interested in the prompt and faithful administration of justice, lie has despatched business with great rapi dity, extending, al the same lime, all tho indulgence in his power to those having business in court. We do not wonder that he is as popular as lie is in his own circuit. lie will rary with him the best wishes or our community for his future usefulness and prosperity.- JiVon Tel. . The following anecdote connected with the decisive battle ol tho ninth, is too good to be omitted: The battle commenced by licavv can nonading on both sides. (1 pn. 'I'uulrte - ..j v, , in passing his lines accosted Cant. Mavs. of the second dragoons, and told him 'Your regiment has never done anything yet you must lake that battery.' He earn noitnng out turneil to the command and said 'we must lake that battery - loilow ! he made a chnrpe with threw nmpanics supported by the Sth and 8th regiments of infaniry. They clear ed ihe breast-work, rode over the battery wheeled and came through the enemy's line, whilst the Tire of the infantry was so deadly in its effects as to cary all be fore it. Capt. Mays made a cut at an of ficer as he charged through on his re turn he found him standing between the wheels of a Cannon fighting like a hero, lie ordered him to surrender : lie was asked if he was an officer? Capl. Mays answered him in the affirmative, when he presented his sword, remarking You receive Gen. Vega a prisoner of war.' Capl. Mays gave him in charge of one of his sergeants who had lost his horae in tho charge, .ordering him lo con duct him to Gen. Taylor, out of the line." Capt. Mays' attack is spoken of as be ing one of those splendid efforts which would have adorned the brightest feather of the plume of Mora, in the palmiest days of his glory. It tost him eighteen horses with a few of .he gallant riders. The victory, says the extra from which we copy, entirely Wongs to the U. 0. army. IN o volume rs having arrived to share in the honors of the day, it will convince our country iVat Vsi Point af fords the material ole-'ubiting the cour age aud bravery of A'er'ea soldiers. . SlierKiHy. We are authorized lnnnounce FRANCIS CALLOWAY aaa csiudate for the office uf Sheriff at the neit Aii'st election, subject to the decision of the derxratic county cunven liun, should one he hel Ottawa, Jan. 15, 18- We are authorize announce PATRICK IIAM.Y as a candidA "nlil after the first Mon day in August nejlr o-'lics of (Sherill of La Salle county. tP be is a candidate for the nomination by s democratic convention on the 15th of May. We are author I" announce CLE VI EXT L. LI'KK.NSa independent candidate for sheriff of La 8al"nty.at Ihe Augual election; MICHAEL ,UO.ALD will serve as Sher iff of Urundy if elected at the next August election, and p1' himself lo discharge Ihe du ties nf lha olliu Ibe best of his ability, ahould a majority of) voters favor him with their atif frages, C,J'l at Utr Eleventh Jlmr .' At Ihe aj.Jataliost of many friends I have con sented to f",m' candidate for the ulhce of 8HEKIKu,,Jm"' " the decision or Ihe county conventi. ' h,ve '" a resident nf La Sallo county iren Jet" snd have never voted a liry W- McUobhick. VV'e suthorized to announce MATTHEW subj'T ''' Jec'"n fit the democratic couuty We are aulhortzedto announce CCJS C.lT'Jl' AYKr,i ss a esinliiletA for ihe nines or Countv Commissioner at the next August election, suh- ires iu me oeciaiun oi tne uemocrauo county . convention. We are authorized lo announce THOMAS LORINO aa a candidate for the office of Coroner at Ihe neit August uleclion, subject to tbe decis ion of the county convention. ! Cottair ('vratlaai. The democratic voters of La Halls county are requested to meet at the usual place of holding eleciions in their several precincts, nn Saturday the6ih day of June ncil at 2 o'clock r. st.lo elect delegates-ID a county convention lu be hoi den In Ottawa on Saturday the 1 3l h day of June neit, to nominate candidates fur sheriff, county commissioner, and coronor. U. U.COOK, WM. UARUER, THOS. LARKIN.' 8. W. RAYMOND. E. M. GALLOWAY, May 15, 1846. Central committee. Singers! Mr. II, M. Hinoisjs, leaeher of vocal music, will meet ths aingora, and all others interested, at the Mechanics' Hall on to-morrow evening, Saturday June (1th. Il is hoped there will bs a general attendance, t r . j !. A..'