THE OTTAWA FREE TRADER.
FREE TRADE K.
sr rW., III., FrWaj, Jaar 3, I MO.
AUGUSTUS C. I KKNCII,
. Of CRAWFORD COUNTY.
For Ll. G.tverwr :
.'.."JOSEPH 15. WELLS,
OF ROCK ISLAND COUNTY.
, For Congress,
; For Senator t
WILLI AM JIEDDICW-
" For Krpresentalires :
JOSEPH O. GLOVER,
'. w ear'r"",, Stli'-nirD who has in-t sr-
lisej frr JHet, thai the democratic convention
which "nbled at that place on yesterday,
nnrimouai7 nominalcd the Hon. Join V.a r
H.ITI for re.tiw.llA ,
vuiig-ess. i lie con-
spolion was fully attended, and lliU mark of
onfi lenc an 1 esteem must bo highly gratifying
to Col. Went worth. It is needier toisy that
the democracy of (Lis district will heartily re.
epond to the action of the convention, and at the
Aojust election will give him audi a majority as
ihisalerling democracy and faiihful public servi
tci enlill him to.
The War srlih ffleslraTinciis nl home
Spree h mf .11 r. Uou-ilusa.
As in every oih cr contest with a foreign pnw
er in which our government has ever 1mm n engage-,
so in Ihe present one with Mexico, iIuti
i s party among us in whose eyes our country
is always in Ihe wrong, and the enemy, by a pa
rity of reasoning, in the right. It was so in ihe
revolution, in the war of 1312, in the Trench spo
liation question, in the Florida war, llio north
eastern boundary question, the Oregon difficulty,
and now in Ihe war with Mexico. By a system
of sanctimonious cant, our county it always held
guilly of being engaged in aomo wicked scheme
of aggrandizement, or rapacity, or oppression, or
flagrant outrage of some kind or other, for which
these hypocritical traitor justify themselves in
crippling her energies, and aiding the enemy by
very means within their power, so far a they
can without committing some overt set of Ires
son, Tor which ihey might get their deserts. In
'iherpresent case our country is Wrong in two par
ticulars first, in having annexed Tex a, and se
condly in marching an army beyond the Neuces.
(into what is alleged to be disputed territory. "If
Jlay or Diinoy bad boon elected," we are told,
"then Texas would n it have Ucn annexed, and
this war would not have ensued." Now, il i
conceived that ibis is no time to rip up ihe Tex
as controversy, and while a perfidious foe is stain
ing our on soil with American blood, to slop
nj re-argue the question whether it waa right
to receive under tho broad ffgis of this Union, a
neighboring friendly independent republic, pen.
. pled by our own kindred, wedded lo our inMilu
lions, but'who, from their weakness, were in dan
ger of falling into the hands of the worst enemies
of our country. Il is enough that Texas is now
Our own valuable possession, which we are by
onr constitution, snd every prncipleufgood fiilli,
bound lo prolrct. Nor should the persona who
justify their (reason in thi pi ts leave nu I nf ihe
account entirely the hundred insults and outra
ges, sufficient of ihcmselvea to justify ihe presi nl
war, which our country ha received at the hands
of Mexico, through a long seres of years, before
the annexstion of Texas was thought of. Astu
the oilier plea, that the country beyond Ihe Neu
es, is Mexicsn, nr at least disputed territory, we
copy an article to day from Ihe Washington l.'n
ion, headed "The Del Norte (he truo boundary
of Texas," which leaves this plea without
thread to hang on. And in addition, we have he.
fore us s speech delivered in Congrcsion the 13ih
ult., by Judge Doi'oLsBf, on this subject, which
.disposes of this plea so admirably and triumph.
santly.ithat we cannot forbear giving an outline
" of iland quoting some of il parte.
' Mr. D. had arisen to reIy tr Mr. Delano, a
whig member from Ohio, who argued that the
country beyonj tho Neuces was Mexican terrilo.
ry, that the war commenced by marching an ar-
my into it was "unholy, unrighteous, and dam
nable," yet said that he waa for "ourcnunlrjt
. light or wrong," aud would role for supplies lo
feed the army. Judge D.'s reply to ihess decla-
. rations is so admirable, tiiat wc givs il in hi own
, language :
What reliance iliall we place on the sincerity
, of gemUuien's professions, that Ihey are for the
country right " wrong, wnen mey nrn
power and influence lo put their country in the
Ucong in lha eves or Chrialendom. and invoke
: the wrsllt ofhraven upon OS for our manifold nu
sional erimea arid agirreaaions ? With professi. lis
-of patriotiem on their lips.ilo thry not show thai
their heail are against iheirown coun'ry I Thry
' .apjisal lo the conscience iitid rrligiou feelings ol
" our 'Countrymen to unite in execration id uor
Government, army, citizen soldiers, and country,
- .' fur prosecuting what they di imuiice as an unho
ly, iiiiiighteuus, and damnable rause. They
predict that Hie judgments of Mod will rest
' upon us that sickness, and carnage, and death,
will be our portion thai defeat and disgrace will
- attend nur arm. Is there tint treas.ii. in Ihe
, heart that can feel, and poison in the Iwenlh lhal
ran utter, such sentiment c si list their own
country, when forced to take up arm in self de.
fence, lu reiel invasion by a brutal and perfidi-j
ou enemy t They for llwr country righl or
;;' wrong, wlio loll our people If they rally under
' 4hit country's standard, their lirtio will bleach
. on the plsnis uf Afoxien, and -the imonry will
look down from lbs mountain top in behold the
destruction of our armies by disease and mala
rise, and those mysterious elements nf death
which Divine Providence employs In punish a
wit.kej people for prosecuting an unholy ami un
just war! Hir, I tell these nenilemen lhal it re
ajuire mote charity than fall to Ihe lot of frail
: snan te believe that these sentiments are consis
tent with las sincerity of their uiifeinne with
patriotism, honor, and duly to their country.
' Patriotism emanates from the heart. Oil the enul,
infuses itself into Ihe whole man, and speak
. n4 acts the same langusge. A friend nf hi
i Chantry in war wilt feel, speak, snd set fir hi
' eountre will revere bis eeanlry's cause, and
' los country's euemies. 'America wants nu
friends, acknowledges the fidelity of noetliient
' who, after war is declared, eatiwlernn the justice
' nf her cause nr sympathizes with the eiismv
AH sucb are traitors in tbeir bcsiis and tveuld
to God thai trhy woulj commit some nej lu
for which they coulJ be dealt with - '
Ihrir deserts, jw that the Del
Judge O. then procredrjVded aa ,e western
Norle bad always jfm the lima we had for.
bminiljr.v.ln, of F-snce regarded "
ihe presidents and lading mrn in Ihe ounlry, in
cluding Mr. Adn. "ho was now among the
'a.-. . . .1 tl... ...a.i.h.n1 f.ir it.-f.-nilinir iflllt
mm s ori.ifiiiv mt " 9 -
I territory i that in addition, it was a part of that ; tigitlj leighlenrd by a slirllclsh tight and a . la'est dales been disposed of.
Il'eia lhal had athinved its independence of ,i0,idi head or two. Sume thirty men enrolled The gr.-at national fair of American manufac
Mexico, hsd repeatedly lecn acknowledged such j t,,inclvce for the Teiss war, and others 'ures is now open at Washington, and is a bnl-
I i... ..- .lu.;rt.f n.ivriim, nl liml hImtuvs lieen re . thai mn tint htre srnl wir.l K .Kbh 1 li.nt slTiir In Ihe was uf ratrliiiii. I.rill' villi..
nj uir .in. - "
ireiMili'd in tie Trian C'liiairesj, was now iin-lu-j
did in one of stir tongnrsioral district, anu llut
emigres hsd pisd laws, fr which Mr. Adanifi
and all the rest who now contend this is Mexi-
can lerrilorv,riro', extending oer it tV.o I'nited
states revenut and post nlTu-elaws. In the course
of his speech. Judge I), was repeatedly inlcrrup';
ed ly Mr. Adam., upon whom under mis p-
vocation he turned, and gave one of the n
thorough n)'i'' Iho old man ever got. ,'1t
f his own mouth" emphatica'ly he convi"'
him, and Mr. A.'s attempts to evade the !,u
wero blundering and ridiculous, and f' )
with the w ust kind of temper. Wecan 've',ul j
s .tierimen or two,
Jo Ige U. bad quo! "
.h prepared by Mr. Adams win' "-- (
"f stale, oving ,e Del Norte (l!i.""n''r) '" ;
be Iho western boundary of Texas.'' c0,n" j
I ... . ..iir.lnrv '
tncnting on it, when be was inter' '
Mr. Adam. I never said
our liile was'
g ou lu uie iuj Uel . one trom
Mr. D.iuul,... I fully un"','""
of Ihe ceiitlemsn's denial. ' d' ""'' hp 1
claiml the del None ' U"H '" '"" I
1 know nothing of hism '"' "'""'' !
Claimed the del Noile a'1"" r"'Uii.lar. without .
specifying how far ilev'",,,J ul' the r,v,'r' Hel
will nol denv this fac '" 1 h,,e ,he o0'c"1 cv,-
denceover his own nalure. It I true I can-
nol prove Ihe hand fur " ' Pr""''l j
Ihe alaie papers, a' "lne ,lel'r,,''l l'
patch lo Don tlii J,he sl'"', niiniaier. Will
.. i irnnin in is
'he gentli ma' 'Pily tlie point irum wuicn ins
line left lb
Mr. suarni. 'never slated ihe point.
Mi. Douglass. Was il above Maiamniokl
HI. Adams. I never specified any paiticular
Mr. Dnugtss 1 have heard of this line to
which the genleman refers. Il followed a rive
ncarlo the cageof the mountains; certain!
more than 100 mil is above Matamotos. Consi
nnenlly, lakingthe gentleman on his own claim
I he poaiiinn ocupied by deneral I aylor nppo-
site .Valomoro", and every inch of the ground up
on which Ihe American soldier has planted his
foot, were cleirlv within our own territory as
claimed by bin in 1 8 1 1.
We can givebul one more extract. Judge D.
was regretting list ,Vr. A. who had been so warm1
linquish nur rijits in the south, and stated
belief lhal if tin war were about Oregon, the
south would n'H'rcat the north so; when he was
again interrnplei by
Mr. Adams. ! though! I understood the gen-
tlcmon, some tine ago, to be for 54 drgreea 41
minutes, and to ell his .Southern trienils lliut he
wanted no dodgiig on the Oregon question.
Mr. Douglass. Sir, I was for 54 deg. 40 nun.,'
and am a. ready lo fight for that line a ihe Del
None. Mv painoiism is not of that kind whtcn
would lead me lo 10 lo ar to enlarge one section
of Ihe Union no of mere hatred snd vengeance
toward tlie other. .1 nf no section in (Ilia)
renect: and while I did complain f ,s
southern Mends on the Oregon question, I nsvsr
doubted their patriotism when war was actually
declared, liul, since the gentleman from Massa
chusetts has referred to the Oregon question, I
wish lo call his attention lo one or hi wise say
ings.nn that subject, and see if he will nol apply
il to Tens aa well as Oregon, lie (old us that
be went for the policy of the great Frederick in
regard lo Silesia. He was for taking possession
first, and negotiating afterwards. According lo
the gentleman's own showing, thai is precisely
what Mr. Polk has done in regard to the country
on iho Del Norte, Me certainly ought not to
blame Ihe President fjr acling over one of his
Our news from the soat of war last week was
up lo the 1 Bt Ii ult. Dy ihe St. l.ouis Republican
nf Saturday wc have four daya later dates. The
news is interesting.
The Steamship Alabama arrived ut New Or
leans on the 221 ult., from lirnr.n Santiago,
which place she left on the 10th, at 5 oM ck P.
M. Ollicial new had been received al Point Isa
bel that Col. Wilson, with four companies of
regulirs and three of Alabama volunteer, had
taken Uarita, a small Mexican town, about 8
miles sbove the mouth of the Rio Grande, and
be I w Point Isabel, without opposition, (Jen.
Taylor was lo cross the Rio Grande for the pur
pose uf taking Malamome on Munday morning
the Ifllh. No cannonading having been heard
at Point Isabel, it was generally supposed that
the Mexicans had retired, leaving (seneralTaylur
to take quiet possesion uf the town.
Cien. Smith's command of Louisiana volun
teers was on their wsy hsd commenced their
march on Ihe Island of Rocachica ; to cms the
Rio Grand at Ihe mouth, and advance up the ri
ver on the Mexican aide. Col. Maika and
Wslton' regiment were complete, the "Seu"
having arrived at Point Isaabcl previous lo the
Alabama's departure ; officer and men all well
and in good spirit.
It was reported lhal upward uf 2 000 Mexi
cans bad left for the interior, in consequence of
Ihe scarcity of provision being in snsclual
stale of starvation.
A correspondent of the Picayune willes from
Puint Isabel, May 8lh. "Information waa recei
ved from General Taylor laal evening lhal he in
tended lo cross over to iVatamoros early lo duy
Early in the morning a few cannons were heard.
I suppose he has taken the place without oppo
sition, ss the remain uf the Mexican army, 20011
men, were two doy lines in active preparation
for retreat lo Ban Fernando, 3D Iragues aoulh
ibe balance, not killed, drowned, or prisoner
having scsttered in ultcr confusion to their
homes. Never were an army so panic alricken.
In the retreat rum the battlefield of the Dili,
Gans, Arists snd Aoipudia led the San on foot
through the chupparal, aliipping ofTlhrir clothes
a ihey ran, snd when lltey arrived at the river
had nothing but their shirts strcsming in Ihe
wind: they plunged in and swam across: many
of their deluded follower sinking into that "se
pulchre" that Jfejia hsd promied to tho "degen-
era'e sons of Washington." The .1exicana lust
100 drowned an their retreat crossing the Kio
Grande ( most of (lie wounded who were deliver
ed up to them by Gen, Taor have since died
by neglect and want vt hospital means snd sup
The mail letting for Illinois hsvs hern decid
ed al Washington, and sll have been taken at an
average of lei than half of what was paid before.
Hinton has the routes from Chicago to St, l.ouis.
He gets f IHOO for carrying the mail from Chica
go tn Ottawa. James Scull take the route from
Ottawa to Elgin, at 095, Wm. K. Drown from
Ottawa tn Uluoiniiigton, at $360. Prink, Wal
ker tt Co. will run tbsiir stages, as usual un the
grest thoroughfare tn the nurltiwc.t.
The Velissileeis. I
Wednesday vu juil a military day in out L
town, and reminded us more uf an olJ New York
or Pennsylvania framing ,tbsn an; tiling we have
seen since we have Irfl the east.' A (real num.
brr of uur militia flocked into lown in obedience
lo the order of C. R. J'uTTsa, lha commandant
of this battalion, ts 1 ihe Irainn of men, and Ihe
mil aiirrinv Jxim an I ear-iiercinir fife" save
....... - Jhsi-ioVillv hlli,frnt rmt mjKIK -
in - un ii . - - " j - -. . . . " . -
wjuld e on hand at ihe prnjier time. We
nrr c'n'lrnl a much Urgfr numU'r would
i havc nnlled themselves, if ihey had known Ihe
j j.nvion of the Illinois volunteers. There i
j .oickwardne-is to enlist in a summer campaign
lo the south, or lo waste the senson in a larrscka
by a large number who woul.l most willingly
join an army lo marcn lo ?tnts I e or any ot the
more northern department of Mexico. Should
it however, Ihc 'me necessary to answer the call
f r three thousand men upon our stale, tha t more
should ei.li.t from Did I. a Sallr, il nitMl but be
signified lo cut peiple, and we aro confi lent there
will be plenty more, who will go whiili-'-.xocvcr
iluty may call Idem. Our -junta would In- about
... . .. ... ...
an, anu we lH-lieve we shall scnil this nuinler,
bul we would not be particular on this head,
Those who have entitled, we understand will
organize and report lo head quarter in a few
M ar I iritis.
VJunlecrinz tn Su'ifATii Illinois Pur.uanl
to the call of C'ul. I'olli-y, the A'h regiment, llli
noia militia, met at Nashville, Washington Co.,
on the 25h ult., and a company immediately
formed of 127 who reported themselves 'ready.'
A company was formed al Alton on Ihe JTih,
"ihe Alton Ciuards," who reported themselves.
lien. Scmple has ordered his command to i
meet and gel as many volunteers as are willing. I
The (ien. will lake leave of iho senate to lake !
command in person.
Ja. Shields is expected home to voWm'cer in ,
the war. !
Mr. T. Campbell, tobacconist in St. l.ouis.
presented each of the volunteers from that cily
before leaving lor Tens, with a six month's sup
ply of the best kind uf chewing tobacco.
F, A. Lumsden, of the N. O. Picavune. has
raised a company of volunteers on his own hook
and gone lo the Texas war.
Nearly half the volunteers thai left St. l.ouis
fir Texas, were foreigner by birth.
. . . , . ...'.'
Qr nliiprlion. Iioina nft.-r.-.l l. iK nt ,A
. . ,-,...,.. j
V'' J'a " a ' ' us . . st( jmi.umi,
he Philadelphia Pennsylvanian has il from . Frame, and Holland. Afler the bailie of
good suth -rity thai one of the chief of the Creek ! Si,n J aoiit1. (he Mexicans relired beyond
nation, now in Washington, has i.fl'ercd ihe pre-1 ll'e I't'l Norte, Slid have never reoeeupi
idenl the services of two ihoutim I picked war-' Cl' ''ie country between that river and the
riors, should they be required in ihe conflict with j Nueces. It was organized io a county
Mexico. of Texas, running from the Nueces to
A company nf 100 young men in St. Clair,1'" n''' N"r,c aml lliiS been constantly
county in this slate, before any requisition was
m,ie on our B,ernor for volunteer. r.,nn...i
themselves into s company, elected J. I,. D. Mor- j ' ,l,e L nllt!l1 Stale. A port of delivery
rison captain, and offered to enrol themselves un-1 we81 of l,,e Neuces was anlhoi i zed by a
der (ien. Milbuin, of I,oui, fjr tho Mexican la w f our congress, unanimously passed
V.- t.u o,e Uen had lo decline arcrpting them, j December last, and our revenue laws ate
as ths quota from Kt. im i..i -i..ib i(tn.nnw ") full operation there. The lower
exceeded. 1 hey will have a ciutice now.
Ceo. Kmpp, Ihe junior ( the St. l.ouis Ke -
nublican. is amour- the volunteer, from lhal cuv.
and holds a 2.1 lieulenanlship. Mr. Kecmle. ..f
the Reveille, is also wiih them, as a "bih pri-
vate," we believe.
Gov. Mender.on of Mississippi will command
tbe volunlrers from lhal alate to the I rxas war
Vulunlters. The following is the rnrolment
of troops ordered by the Ku culive in the sever
al states, and mustering eighty-six regiments
and a half. If Ihe companies are full, the force
will be equal to, and beyond, Ihe fifty thousand
men ordered by congress :
N Hampshire 2000 Indiana
Massachusetts 3000 Kentucky
Main 3000 Ohio
Vermount 2000 Michigan
Connecticut 3001) Wisconsin
Rhode Island l"00 Iowa
New York KOuO Florida
New Jersey 20 0 Louisiana
Peon-ylvania 6 '00 Texas
Maryland ItOtiO Tennessee
Delawaie 1000 District t'olumbi
Making in all R regiments and one battaliun,
consisting of 43,250 men.
5000 N Csrolina
Tho story about Mr. Slory, President nf the
Dank Xt Louisiana, offering to place 500,000
at the' disposal of the governor of that stale as
sinews of wsr, is all talk, be having even refused
to loan the slate fOOOO. The Canal Hank, how
ever advanced ihe money cheerfully, intimating
that there was 'more there,' The Hank of Mis
souri, on second thought, slsosgrerd to loan the
stats f 10,01)0 without interest lo equip the vol
The democrats uf the 5th ur Galons congres
sional district, represented by Mr, Iloge, met in
convention at Rucklsland on Ihe 20 ult.,and uum
inated Thosms J.Ti Hsr.a for congress, on the
iry-srtfiilh ballot. The prominent cat didates be
fore the cunvenliun we believe were Mr. Moge
Mr. Turner, and Thompson Campbell.
Tho sincerity of the cry of ihe manufacturers
for the protection of 'home industry' is beautiful
ly illustrated by the following paragraph from
the London Economist, brought over by the
"l.asl week ihe representative nf a spinning es
tablishment at Boston, I'nited Slate, visited
this country, in order to engage wool-combers
and mill hand. About a acore of familira from
Uradfoad have already engaged and sie about In
sail from Liverpool as soon as the ship is leady."
We do nol quote thia because we object lo
gelling hand from England nr any cither coun
try to labor in nur maitufuclviirs; but we do so
to show that the cry of the manufacturers againal
tho pmiptr tutwr uf Europe is all a humbug.
Labor, by uur raslem manufacturers, is aa much
regarded n a commodity, as tho pries nf which
is regulated by the demand, as any uf their fab
lies. If Ihey need a bundled hand, and can get
idem cheaper in England lhan in thia country,
they will get them there ; snd they have a right
lo Jo so t bul doing to, thry have no right lo ask
a bounty of (he general government in the shape
of a high tariff lo protect them against the cheap
labor of Europe while they avail themselves of
sll ths advantages of that labor.
Kx-dovemor Hoggs of Miaaouri, with bis fam
ily, left Independence, Mo., on the tuih ult., for
The proceeding f congress arc at present uf
lhal commonplace kind, which, though very usc-
1 f , . i r. : -1 i;.. i.. ...... .. i. .
fut, furnishes very little newspaper inattrr. The
house is rngajrtf nnthr usu il annual appropria
tion hills, and its main trouble is to kiepa ijui
rum together. The senate has renewed the Or
rgon discussion, on a motion to defer the consid
eration of the hill lu protect Ihe Oregon rittirs.
t nnt llrceniher, which motion bad nut at uur
h iwever, it is likely lo lie a failure.
Mr. Fiiklin in Vhiindrlihia. The speech of
the lion, O. 0. Ficklin. uf this stair, delivered
it the Chinese Murium, in I'liil ulelphis, at the
Ureal Oregon Meeting on the first ult , if pub
lished at Ifncih in the Philadelphia Keystone,
which piper spraks of it as an able and eloquent
production, and commends il to all who are de
sirous of obtaining valuable information in ri fi i
ence lo the Oregon question. We have read it
with int. ie.l ami f eel) endorse a l the Ke) stone
savs i f it.
T.fmmil II ,ur, Cliiriig-i. Uy iho Democrat
we learn that Mr. A. Johnson, formeily of Ihe
'ily Motel, Chicago, well and favorably known
lo the Iravelin public, lias become associated
with Mr. Ciurley of the Trcmonl Mouse. 1'nder
their joint management this already popular es
tablishment will possess new atlractions lo trav
elers, and will not be surpassed by ai y in the
The proceedings of the democratic convrnlieii
of Livingston coun'y came loo late lobt inurted
in this week's pap r.
0u'o is the name of a city thai is springing up
al the mouth of the Ohio river, on Ihe Missouri
side. Il is but a month old, aud already some
twenty sub.lanlial binl lings have been erected.
fJoiI." savs Fuller, in his.iuainl wav, "might
hlve ma,e ,.Wr f ;, ,tlJ , nwberry, but
he never did."
S. ,ise Smith, who bfi Chicago a year ago to
make Philadelphia bis permanent residence, has
returned, satisfied that he can 'do belter' in Chi
cago, The Del .rle ihe True lioiindary of Trans,
rfy ihe organic law of IMG. ihe Repub
lic of Texas lixed her boundary on the
Itin del Xitrtr. and with 1 1 1 1 t hniinilntv
Ii i i i i "
life I ikIh llpnil"nfo was roeno n 1 1 iil liv
,,, . vlul., ,," ,,.,.,., f.
rcprcsenieu III li.e congress 01 I exas, in
I ,r'e,, eonveniior, nnu now in tne congress
Uel Hum. alwavs the bnunilarv of
! ancient Texa, as a parlor r.
,!eJ l" us tlie f 1 803. Such
i i .i -
, as Deen lM,; opinion 01 our Uiilingllislied
state'ilicn an I presidents, ever since
1803. Mr. JelTerson distinctly annotin-
1 -.i :. :.. ...i ..... i
, lcu . " ";l";J'c" eo.ir.iiunicaiions, anil
especially on the 81I1 of July, 1 8'J 1. his
fixed opposition to the 'relinquishment
of any territory whatever eastward of
the Kio Hravo.
Mr. Madison, in his letter of the 31st
March, 1804, says, our boundary 'ex
tended wcslwardly to Uiollravo;' and
he declares that the French commissioner
delivered us the possession of Texas with
the 'Del Norte as its true boundary. ' On
the Bill November, 1803, Jas. Monroe de-
j dared lhal 'inconleslnbly' the boundary
of Louisiana is 'ihe Itio liiavo to the
west;' and Mr. Pinkney unites in the
declaration. Mr. Monroe, in his letter
of the I9ih of January, 1810, nml Jurtp
10, 1810, ssys, nnne rould dispute 'our
title to lexas; and he adds, 'that our
title to the Del Norte was as clear at tn
the island of New Orleans.' In his let
ter of the Wilt March, 1810, John Quin
ry Adams proves our title to Texas, and
says, 'well might Mr. I'inkniy and Mr,
Monroe write to M. Cevallos, in 1805,
that the claim of the United Slates tn the
Kio Bravo was as rlear as the righl lo
the island of New Orleans.' Mr. Hen
ry Clay in his speech of 1820, in con
gress, quotes and repeats the same opin
ion ; aud in bis celebrated anti-Texas let
ter of the 17ih April, 1841, Mr. Clay
says,' I lie Lulled slates acquired a tide
to Texas, extending, as I believe, to the
Kio Del Norte by the treaty of Louisia
nn ;' and the distinguished senator from
Missouri, Lol. Ileiiton, in one of his able
letters on this subject, republished by
lumscll in the liloue cif the 4 ill of May
'The best and inosl numerous harbors
on the continental coast of the (iulpli of
Mexico no between the Sabine and ihe
mouth of the Kio Del Norte. As a na
val and commercial power, owning the
great river which carries the commerce
of an empire into the Gulf, we had the
greatest need for these harlnus. liy the
Requisition of Louisiana we obtained
them ; by the new boundary established
on our southwest frontier in 1810 we
gave ihein away.' 'Before the establish
incut of this boundary all the country to
tho west of tho lowir Mississippi quite to
the Kio Del Norte was ours
That Texas was ours by the treaty of
1803, and that its boundary extended to
the Del Norte, is proved by the concur'
rem authority of Jefferson, Madison
Monroe, Adams, Pinkney, Benton, and
Clay. It was the boundary fixed by
lcxai in her organic! law of 1830
anil beyond which the Mexicans were
thon driven. And if Texas lias no other
claim to the country between the Neuces
and Del Norte, thai by conquest and oc
etipalion would be complete.
El Exptttudor of the 24th ult., pub
lished in the city of Mexico, gives i dis
rription of the kind of war tho Mexican
govr-rnment proposes to rary on against
the Untied Stales
Il is to le o sucrillu
w ar, no pitched battlea to be fouglit,
but tlie roimlry to be laid waste, our
troops lirirrasst-ii, and all supplies cut ifl".
The Mexicans are well skilled in this
mode of warfare. Il will, therefore, be
necessary for our government In organize
jour forocs in larj;e bodies, and In advance
into Mexico without delay ; otherwise
ihe war may be protracted for years.
To tiik Citizens of l.n Same coi ntv.
ON TUB M'lUKCT OF InTEHTCUAM K.
Ftllow Citizens: Tlte area of your
country includes one of the finest speci
mens of the earth's surface. As to the
combined advantages of exuberance of
soil, salubrity of climate, variety of sce
nery, and national facilities for commer
cial and general prosperity, il has few
superiors. Whether the traveler passes
hastily through, taking his birds-eye view
of the general surface, ot the ciiizen wan
ders leisurely over it, investigating more
minutely its natural resources, there is
found constant evidence that nature has
not stinted her bounties in tho formation
of your portion of the earth. And alrea
dy has tho hand of industry in some in
stances, begun to make the desert bios
soin 1 i k e the rose already good habita
tions, comfortable school-houses and
churches, begin to adorn and beautify our
prairies and villages. But an evil is in
our midst that mars all our beauty anc
threatens to defeat our best hopes. The
terrible monster in ti.mi'Krrnuk prowls
about, seeking whom he may devour,
lie undermines the strongest constitu
tions, dethrones the most vigorous judg
ments, destroys the most unspotted char
acters, blasts the hriphtesl prospects, and
brings disappointment, povertv, disgrace
and wretchedness, into the sanctury of
the domestic circle, lie converts the
husband intn a monster, the father into a
brute, the children into piupers and crim
inals, and iho once happy wife into the
very personification of w retchedness and
sorrow. But we will specify some of
the acts of tins monster, and endeavor by
an induction of facta, t, make out a cae
to the satisfaction of nil. We w ill stale
two or three propositions with facts in
proof, bearing upon the great subject ol
intemperance and its only possible reme
dy. Our "ourt is the people of I, a Salle
co. We want the ear of tho court, and
if we secure its judgment, we may chal
lenge a most vigorous co-opcraiion of its
executive power, the will.
Ardent spirits is not necessary as
common drink, bul injurious. Al a tern
pcrance meeting held nol long since in
Alabama, Col. Lemanousky, who had
been 23 years a soldier in the armies of
N. Bonaparte, addressed the meeting,
lie arose before the audience tall, etect,
and vigorous, with a glow of health upon
his cheek, and said : "You see before vou
a man 70 years old. 1 have fought 200
battles, have 14 wounds on my body.
have lived aa day 0n horse flesh, with
the batk of trees for my bread, snow an(t
ice for my drink, the canopy of heaven
for my covering, without stockings 0r
shoes on my feel, and only a few rags of
clo'lnnj. In the desert of EifVPt I have
marched for days with the burninc sun
upon my naked head ; feet blistering in
tlie scorching sand, and with eyes, nos
trils and mouth filled with dust, and with
a thirst so tormenting, that I have opened
the veins of my nrms and sucked my own
blood! Do you ask how I survived all
these horrors? I answer that nnder the
providence of God, I owe my preserva
tion, licalil', and vigor, lo the fact that I
never ilrnnk a drop of spirituous liquor
in my life, Continued he, "Baton
Larry, chief of the medical staff of ihe
French Army, has stated as a fact, that
the G000 survivors who safely returned
from bgypt, were alt of them men who
abstained from ardent spirits."
The sale and use of ardent spirits is a
very great pecuniary evil in this county
We name this evil first, not because il is
most important, but because it is the
most tangible and touches the main spring
of human action. Not being able to pre
sent the statistics of crime and pauperism,
Willi their causes and consequences in
this county, we must avail ourselves of
the well authenticated statistics of other
counties, and having thus ascertained the
general principle, apply it to ourselves.
For Ihe literal statistics of Green county,
one ol tbo prominent and prosperous
counties of the slate of N. York, we re
fer you to the appendix of the sixth anu -
alrenortof the A. T. Socielv. found in
the 1st volume of Permanent Temperance
Documents, page .iii. We can here
name only a few of the results of the cal
culations there drawn out in full. Dur
ing seven years nearly 300 persons were
at different limes, confined in the jail of
Green county f,ir crimes. All but three
wero inttmptrutt. Tho jail expenses
for the county for the same time, were
93,050, almost the whole occasioned by
intemperance. Of the paupers of that
county, seven eights became so by in
tcmpssrancc. The expenses of the poor
house for three ycats were 10,005. Seven-eights
of which being occasioned by
intemperance, il makes the pauper hill of
the county for 3 vears, all occasioned by
intemperance 14,008. Of the direct
tax raised for the expenses of the county
of Green during one year, more than hall
was lo pay the expenses nf the use uf in
toxicating liquors as a beverage.
'Now how do the people of La Salle
county leel about paying every oilier dol
lar of laxes, or rather doubling their le
gitimate tax for the support of the rum
seller, and the production of all the legit
imate consequences of his traffic? We
will ask the haid-working farmer, when
he plows and sows, and harvests and
threshes 40 bushels of wheat, and brings
il into market through the mud or dust
to pay the necessary expenses of tho
county, if he wishes tn add 40 bushels
more for the gratification of a few men
who traffic in ardent spititi f Why ciii-
zeus.jiiki look at il. Who would fight
and quarrel if they were not drunk ! Who
are reduced to pauperism in this land of
abundance, except the victims of intem
perance ? Who would bo guilty of hard
ly any crime, were il not for iho stimula
ting clfecls of ardent spirits T Who would
lounge about tbe groceries when they
ought to be paying their honest debts,
ami doing good, and setting an example
of industry and virtue, if il were not for
the fascinating cup T Why then license a
few men thus to rifle your pockets of
your hard-earnings T Does it make it any
easier to pay iln cost o! intemperance,
that the demand is made by the indirect
process of taxation for county expenses T
Do you not then by licensing the rum
seller, voluntarily authorize a class of
men to rille your pockets of yon hard
earning, and deprive your families of
in in v uf ihe conveniences of life, and is
it right that this thing should continue T
Will you permit il to continue, fur il is
for you to say. The people of other
counties and other states are opening their
eyes to this subject, and acting with a
manly firmness and decision. are
certainly taxed enough to pay our debts
and sustain our credit, without adding a
hundred per cent for the support of in
temperance. 'Jhird Proposition.
Intemperance is a great personal, so
cial, and tior evil. On this point the
observation of every individual will fur
nish the most interesting and satisfactory
statistics. You have all witnessed in re
peated instances, the unhappy wreck of
individuals and families occasioned by
this vice. You have seen the young,
beautiful and virtuous bride, who had
committed her all to one who solemnly
plighted his entire devotion in return.
mourn in wretched obscurity the disap
pointment of all her earthly hopes. You
have marked her toilsome, discouraging
and miserable course through a life of ad
vcrsiiy, until an obscure death closed her
troubles, delivering her from the crushing
embarrassment of a drunken husband.
You have noticed children, endowed with
good natural capacities, and full of native
aspiration after their appropriate tlevcl
opemcnt, become entirely discouraged,
and sink into gross sensuality and vice,
under the influence of a drunken father.
And whenever intemperance comes, it
blasts all that is beautiful and worthy,
and spreads desolation in its progress
Its empire is the destruction of all mo
ra'ity and the mother of all vice. Felix
Grundy from Tennessee, gave it as his
opinion after 30 years extensive practice
as a lawyer, that four fifths of all the
crimes committed in the United States
can be traced to intemperance. Now
shall such a moral pestilence be sanction
ed by law! Shall men be licensed and
encouraged to sow broad-cast over our
beautiful countv, the buds of vice and
crime? A volume of facts might be de
rived, showing the effects of inlemper
ance upon individual well-being, in the
production of disease and premature
death, as welt as self-abandonment and
all lurms of viso. tint we need nov.fiir
ther illustrate the effects of a vice, that is
the natural parent of all evil things. You
cannot want proof of the truth of the pro
position, thai intemperance is a great per
sorial, social and moral evil. We come
now to the
It is the duty of every individual to do
what he can to remove this evil. For
long agps the evil was supposed to be
remediless. But a principle has been
developed in oi r age which has power to
remove drunkenness with all its loathsnme
and direful effects from the world, and to
restore the empire of temperance and vir
tue. Il is the temperance principle, or
the principle of voluntary associations
against intemperance. It is in the power
of the community by this principle to ex
pel ihe demon of intemperance, lo dry up
the fountains of vice, and to restrain
health to the body, humanity to the heart,
and happiness and prosperity to the fam
ily of the drunkard. And who will re
fuse lo dcvelope the full power of this
principle ? Say, fellow citizens, will you
not come up to the rescue, will you not
give your names, your influence and your
efforts to promote this cause ? Pass
through the streets nf your principal
towns, count the grog-shops and the
drunkards that disgrace the community,
and say if there is not an urgent reason
for immediate, decided and univeisal ac
tion on tho subject. Are you inclined to
throw off responsibility, and say it is no
1 concern of mine? What! is it nnlhing
to you that the public interests suffer?
Is it nothing lo your feeling of humanity
when your neighbor comes into town to
dispose of his grain, that he should he
decoyed by the lascinating cup into the
irroi?-shon. and there be robbed not onlv
of his moncv. but of his reason, his rhar-
i- i i.i I . ' . YlJ DONi"''",cl"1Jlda,efor,'eoiriceofCoun
actcr. his health and his heart, and bHf c.,li-oner at the net! Auguat .lection.
sent penny less to his family with the spi
rit of a tiger, instead of carrying to them
Ihe comforts of life, and the kind heart of
a husband and a father ? Is il nothing to
you, that so great a proportion of the
crime and pauperism which you help lo
support is occasioned directly by intem
perance ? Is il no concern of yours, when
every oilier dollar of your hard-earned
money is required to defray the ex
j penses of rutnselling? O, Citizens, open
' your eyes to your true interests, and make
a vigorous and manly effort to remove
this great evil from your midst.
Thus it appears that the use of ardent
spirits is not necessary as a common
drink, that il is a great pecuniary, person
al, social and moral evil in this county,
and that the legitimate remedy of all these
evils is the temperance association. Now
we ask if any man can honestly, or rea
sonably withhold his influence from the
temperance cause ? Ths Msg of temper
ance is now unfurled, the war has com
menced, now is the time for volunteers.
Il is emphatically crisis in the charac
ter and social prosperity of your county.
What shall he the event? Shall your
children bo exposed lo the tremendous
draught of the grest maelstrom of intern- -perance!
Or shall their interests and
characters be guarded by a correct anil
vigorous public sentiment? Say, shall '
th minds of our youth continue to be '
exposed lo the powerful attacks of temp
tation that always coexist wiih the sale
and use of ardent spirits ? It if for yOU
to say t and who can hesitate when so
much is at stake, especially when the
sacrifice required by virtue is so trifling.
Fellow Ciiizent, feeling the might of this ;
subject, and the importance of the pres
ent crisis, we urge you to a manly decis.
ion. In behalf of the committee.
GEO. W. BASSKTT, Chairman.
crim. ro. case in Will county,
we noticed a few weeks since
turned out as follows The husband of
ihe guilty wife pursued her and her par
amour to Galena, and overtook them.
where be settled the matter with the dig
poiler of his wife by taking his notes for
9400. The husband then rnnrnnil In
Will county and got a divorce from his
wife, al the court just held in Joliet. If
tho man gets Ihe money on the notes he
hoIJs, he will have made a pretty good
bargain, as no very high price could rea
sonably be set upon so nauehtv a wife.
Circuit Court. Judge Calon lias
bern holding our court during the past
week, and lias given the grcates satisfac
tion to the bar, the suitors, and all
others, interested in the prompt and
faithful administration of justice, lie
has despatched business with great rapi
dity, extending, al the same lime, all tho
indulgence in his power to those having
business in court. We do not wonder
that he is as popular as lie is in his own
circuit. lie will rary with him the best
wishes or our community for his future
usefulness and prosperity.- JiVon Tel. .
The following anecdote connected with
the decisive battle ol tho ninth, is too
good to be omitted:
The battle commenced by licavv can
nonading on both sides. (1 pn. 'I'uulrte
- ..j v, ,
in passing his lines accosted Cant. Mavs.
of the second dragoons, and told him
'Your regiment has never done anything
yet you must lake that battery.' He
earn noitnng out turneil to the command
and said 'we must lake that battery -
loilow ! he made a chnrpe with threw
nmpanics supported by the Sth and
8th regiments of infaniry. They clear
ed ihe breast-work, rode over the battery
wheeled and came through the enemy's
line, whilst the Tire of the infantry was
so deadly in its effects as to cary all be
fore it. Capt. Mays made a cut at an of
ficer as he charged through on his re
turn he found him standing between the
wheels of a Cannon fighting like a hero,
lie ordered him to surrender : lie was
asked if he was an officer? Capl. Mays
answered him in the affirmative, when
he presented his sword, remarking
You receive Gen. Vega a prisoner of
war.' Capl. Mays gave him in charge
of one of his sergeants who had lost his
horae in tho charge, .ordering him lo con
duct him to Gen. Taylor, out of the
Capt. Mays' attack is spoken of as be
ing one of those splendid efforts which
would have adorned the brightest feather
of the plume of Mora, in the palmiest
days of his glory. It tost him eighteen
horses with a few of .he gallant riders.
The victory, says the extra from which
we copy, entirely Wongs to the U. 0.
army. IN o volume rs having arrived to
share in the honors of the day, it will
convince our country iVat Vsi Point af
fords the material ole-'ubiting the cour
age aud bravery of A'er'ea soldiers. .
We are authorized lnnnounce FRANCIS
CALLOWAY aaa csiudate for the office uf
Sheriff at the neit Aii'st election, subject to
the decision of the derxratic county cunven
liun, should one he hel
Ottawa, Jan. 15, 18-
We are authorize announce PATRICK
IIAM.Y as a candidA "nlil after the first Mon
day in August nejlr o-'lics of (Sherill of
La Salle county. tP be is a candidate for
the nomination by s democratic convention on
the 15th of May.
We are author I" announce CLE VI EXT
L. LI'KK.NSa independent candidate for
sheriff of La 8al"nty.at Ihe Augual election;
MICHAEL ,UO.ALD will serve as Sher
iff of Urundy if elected at the next August
election, and p1' himself lo discharge Ihe du
ties nf lha olliu Ibe best of his ability, ahould
a majority of) voters favor him with their atif
frages, C,J'l at Utr Eleventh Jlmr .'
At Ihe aj.Jataliost of many friends I have con
sented to f",m' candidate for the ulhce of
8HEKIKu,,Jm"' " the decision or Ihe county
conventi. ' h,ve '" a resident nf La Sallo
county iren Jet" snd have never voted a
liry W- McUobhick.
VV'e suthorized to announce MATTHEW
subj'T ''' Jec'"n fit the democratic couuty
We are aulhortzedto announce CCJS C.lT'Jl'
AYKr,i ss a esinliiletA for ihe nines or Countv
Commissioner at the next August election, suh-
ires iu me oeciaiun oi tne uemocrauo county .
We are authorized lo announce THOMAS
LORINO aa a candidate for the office of Coroner
at Ihe neit August uleclion, subject to tbe decis
ion of the county convention. !
The democratic voters of La Halls county are
requested to meet at the usual place of holding
eleciions in their several precincts, nn Saturday
the6ih day of June ncil at 2 o'clock r. st.lo
elect delegates-ID a county convention lu be hoi
den In Ottawa on Saturday the 1 3l h day of June
neit, to nominate candidates fur sheriff, county
commissioner, and coronor.
8. W. RAYMOND.
E. M. GALLOWAY,
May 15, 1846. Central committee.
Mr. II, M. Hinoisjs, leaeher of vocal music,
will meet ths aingora, and all others interested,
at the Mechanics' Hall on to-morrow evening,
Saturday June (1th. Il is hoped there will bs a
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