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OTTAWA l-'KKK TKADKK: SATUHDAY, NOVKMBKlt a2. 1"3.
4 Ottawa, 111. Saturday, Novanihrr i l, 1H.:I THE CUBAN TROUBLE- The lursc city dailies liavc teemed with many columns of so called Cuba news during tho week, but in reality there is very uuic iu the way of authentic facts to add to what wc said last week. Tho details of the voyage and capture ot tho Virgiuius are given. She sailed from Kingston with regular American papers and under the U. S. flag Oct. 24th ; but on account of damage to her machinery put into a port ot Nayti, remaining there until Oct. liOth, when she started to make a quick run to Cu ba. Her papers were made out to (.ohm, whither she pretended to carry men to work on a railroad. But on the same day she left llayti the Spanish Consul at Kingston ad vis- cdthe authorities nt Santiago mat me u ginius was in Morrant Kay, upon which the .Spanish steam corvette Tornado, which had just arrived, started in pursuit and over hauled tiie V irginius about 10 o'c lock at night, 10 to 25 miles off the Jamaica coast. The chase had lasted eight hours, the Virgin ius being out of coal, and when brought to made no resistance. C'apt. Fry showed his papers, but no attention was paid to them. Tho American Hag was hauled down, the Spanish Hag run up ia its place, all on board tho Virgiuius made prisoners, and the vessel towed into S.intiago. Next day a hasty court martial was held and all on board but four found guilty and condemned as pirates. On the -1th (.Jen. Ityan and the other three leaders were shot. On the 7th Capt. Fry and !5(J more were shot, ami mi the 10th 57 more leaving (ili of the 105 on board still alive by some accounts, while oth er accounts say all have been shot except -f. that were acquitted. The Spanish or "loyal" people of Santiago seem to have been frantic with joy over the capture, and indulged in all kinds of excesses, and when, on the lUth, the Virgiuius was ta ken to Havana, the rejoicing there was also unbounded, and besides endless processions in honor of the Captain and men of the Tor nado, a bull fight was ordered to celebrate their achievement. That, with such a feeling on the subject among the Spaniards in Cuba, no admonitions or even positive orders in favor of moderation from Madrid were regarded, is easily imagin ed. That the government of Castekr did posi tively direct that no executions should take place until further orders from Spain, there is no doubt, but such was the rage of the vol unteer ruffians in Cuba, that nothing could., restrain them. j I'ndrr all the circumstances, what course MH'Uld the I'nited States pursue? The Vir giuius was beyond question captured on the high sea, sailing under the U. S. Hag, and with regular papers. The question tlieu aris es can a vessel with an American register, under the American Hug, in a time of peace, be brought to on the high seas by a cannon shut, seized and carried into port, and the crew and passengers be put to death with no flier trial than a hasty drumhead court martial That is the question which our gov c nsirent will probably n.sk of the government at Madrid, which will doubtless answer it in the negative, disclaim and denounce the acts "f -.he provincial authorities, and offer a prompt apology. J!u. will disclaimers and ap'A'gics be accepted as adequate and satis- l.ict ry. or ought they to be? Is the government at Madrid able, in addi li .u to Mich moral reparation, to give guar ;:i'!es a.' iinst similar molestation, and sirui 'ar insults to our Hag, and similar outrages ig iiiist the instincts of humanity throughout the civilized world, for the future All the worM knows that in her present circuin s'ancc, the republic of Spain is in no condi 'i'fn to do anything of the sort. What then is the American government to This is doubtless a hard question. To rush pen ipiuuYly into a war with Spain, In her weak and almost helpless condition, would neither be magnanimous or honorable. Vet if Spain is unable so far to control her official agents and subordinates, or her ruffian population in Cuba as to compel them to de sist from the constant commission of such outrages, she w ill have no right to complain if the United States place such armaments in hi r waters, and even such a force upon her f l ores as shall enable her to protect our own citizens in their security of person and rights of property as are guaranteed to them by the laws and u-ages of civilized nations. To this extent u,e government of the I'. S. can with entire justice and must go; and to this extent, we take it, our government, by the activity with whieh she is fitting out and dcpatching v. of war to th,; Cuban wa- His meaiis to go forthwith. What further action the ( a.e may demand, the administra ;i",i can only with safety entrust to the soht tion ot CunrresH. Hon Jo Hart anil J. S. Armstn.n.r v iv.'.iifc un i4- nam- Miniv runners' Association, will meet and address tut: farm er- of this county a- follows: .t N'orthvillf Nov. i..,, " Mission Dec. j,t ' Serena o, " Wallace - ? I i. ...i ..r .i... i ,. c.il. . ' " Dayton Freedom -ttli 5th The Chicago Jounutl of the 15th states that the Hon. A. M. Jones, member of the Illinois legislature from Galena, asserted positively to the editor of the Jwrnul that he had, with in a month, Been iu Chicago and familiarly conversed with tht Hon. II. B. Bishop, mem k t of the legislature from Edgar county, who liw been missed from home unoe May last and to ascertain whose whereabouts his fami !y is advertising all over the country. There must 1e wmr Cuban "volunteers" lurking about Peoria. Wednesday night of I Att week a poor harmless crazy man, know a by everybody as "Crazy Charlry," was met by some roughs and so severely leatt n that ho died of his Injuric oa Mondav. INJUNCTIONS. The courts in this state, In every quarter where joint stock companies are located, arc besieged with applications for injunctions to relieve them from tho enormous assessment which the state Hoard of Equalization has placed upon their property. Several such injunctions were granted last week in our circuit court, one or two in the Gruiiuy cir cuit court, and we see the courts at Chicago, Joliet, Hock Island, iVc, arc uesiegeu m. similar applications, and that injunctions arc being granted "right and left." JJThe injunction asked by the Ottawa Building Association to restrain the county clerk from extending the tax assessed against them was allowed by Judge Leland last week. The Building Association lias about MX) shares, which, when all have matured, will be worth $100 each, but thus far not over ten or fifteen dollars have been paid on thesu shares, and at the time the assessment was made, the entire property of the association ..mounted to less than $10,000. me Mate hoard assessed this stock at its full value, as if all had been paid up, paying no attention ( to the actual property of the concern. A like injunction was granted the IHiuou Coal and Iron Company of Peru, whose pro nertv had also been assessed at quadruple us value. Judge I.elaud also granted injunctions in favor of the towns of Ottawa and South Otta wa against the extension of the tax to pay the interest on their railroad bonds, wliicu me Supreme Court has decided to have been ille gally issued. And the Ottawa Glass Company, on the ap plication of Judge Caton am -son as its attor neys, obtained an injunction from the Grundy Circuit court on Monday, (Judge McUobcrts.) restraining the clerk from extending the tax on the assessment of the State Board against that company. (The application was made to JmL'c McKoberts, because Judge I.eland is a stock holder in the Glass Company.) The argument of Judge Caton before Judge McUoberts, to obtain this last named injunc tion is published in Wednesday's Tribune tun explains fully how it happens that all these injunctions against the action of the State Hoard are springing up in every quarter. The Judge quotes the law under which the Stati Hoard acted, and then shows how grossly they misconstrued it. Thegiave and vener able Judge, in unraveling the misconceptions of the Slate Board, is unable to restrain his mirth, their blundering being so gross as to be simply ludicrous. The statute itself is fair and equitable. It provides that the State Iter J shall first ascertain the value of the tan gible property of the company, and then "the fair cash value of the capital stock, including the franchises, over and above the assessed value of the tangible property of such com pany." The meaning of the statute clearly is. that after the fair cash value of the tangi ble property of the company has been ascer tained, if it is found that the fair cash value of the capital stock and franchises exceeds the value of the tangible property, such ex cess shall be udded to the value of the tangi ble property. This is fair and proper. For instance, a ferry company may be represent ed by f 50,000 capital stock and its franchises may be fully worth that, though all its tan gible property may consist of a few scows, ropes and horses not worth $5,000. It would be clearly unjust to tax only the tangible property of such a company. But that State Hoard, in construing the statute, took the words "over and above" to mean "in addition t," and added the entire capital stock and franchises to the value of the tangible prop. erty. And it did more. It held that as mon ey borrowed or owing by a company must have bought or represent something of value, therefore the amount the com- pany owes must also lie added to its assess ment. Judge Caton is wholly unable to re press his mirth at this idea that the more a in j a owes the richer he is, and suggests that on this principle the assessment of Jay (Viokc ought to be enormous! Judge Caton points out many other abstirb blunders of the State Board as peculiar to their action In reference to the Ottawa Glass Company, but it is unnecessary to go into de tails. It is enough to say that the action of the State Board is proved to have been such as to show them to have been little than a body of "first class idiots." Thk Spanish Voi.v.ntkeiis. In the vol- ominous despatches and press comments of die day on the Cuban muddle, frequent refer ence is made to the Cuban volunteers, and the question as of ten asked, who are they? The name of "volunteers" was originally giv en in derision to a body of malcontents and condemned criminals In Spain who wire sparetl from being shot or hung on condition that they would go to Cuba and help put down the rebellion; but once arrived in Cu ha, they were merged with such Spaniards of the island as had also volunteered not in deed to risk their precious lives in the open' field, but as n sort of home-guard to garrison and police the cities. To the Captain Gener al they lire what the Praetorian Guard wi re to many of the Homan Kmperots. Numerically as strong as, if not stronger than the regular forces, equipped and armed at the expense of Spain, they never fight, but, by their savage advice and intimidations, die ttte u saiiL'uinarv nolicv. Every Caiitain iciii-ral who has been in Cuba since the com mencement of the war has fallen under their evil influence, and In opposition to their will is helpless. St it iiKs.-Hon. Williaai McCJaUiard, of Lincoln, 111., formerly a member of the Illi nois Legislature, committed suicide on the 11th iiist. at Lincoln, 111. It'-v. Evan Williams, a congregational min ister, committed suicide by drowning himself last week at Piano. He was 07 years old, and hat! formerly been pastor of the rongre gational i hurch at Quincy. Ex Governor, now V. S. Senator, (iglesby of this Mate, was married oa Tuesday at Elk hirt, Logan county, to Mrs. Emma Keyes relict of the late Hiram Keyes, an 1 daughter of John I). Gillet, of Lincoln, 111. THE MEANING OF IT. The Princeton Herald, maundering over the signal defeat of the republican party in the late Wisconsin ( lection, whines in this way : The defeated caudidate for Governor is one of the best men in the State and a leading anti-monopolist. He has for years been the champion of the people in that State against railroad aggressions. The disorganizing ele ments thcre.as in this state.ignored the services of nil anti-monopolists who are not disposed to unite with them in their effort to break up tho republican party. I he tanners' move ment was nothing to them except as a dis guise used to cover up the skeleton of demo cracy that had become odious in the eyes of the people. They went into the campaign pell-mell, democrats, liberals and free w hisky men, all shouting "farmers' rights," and with one accord they came out of it shouting the old democratic war whoop In proclaiming tliwir victory. Verily democracy is all thingi to all men tor the sake of office. Which ouly demonstrates the editors stu pidity in not being able to discern the signs of the times. Like the Hourbons in Ohio, or the Bourbon orator who was so promptly squelched at the jollification meeting at Madi son last week, the Herald man falls into the blunder of attributing the defeat of this "truly good man" Washburn, in Wisconsin, to the smartness of the democratic leaders, to whose benefit alone he thinks the victory will redound. The defeat of Washburn, the "genuine anti monopolist," " man of the pco. pie," Ate., shows that it was against the re publican party whom he represented, and not against Washburn himself that the blow was aimed. Vet while the people of Wis:on sin thus earnesly and emphatically entered their protest against the corruptions and rot tonness of republicanism, the blunder is quite as great to call the result of that elec tion a democratic triumph. It was not a rebound in favor of democracy bMayaintt republicanism, and it foreshad ows a republican defeat in the general con gressional elections next year, and a general displacement of the republicans from office. That's all. But the displacement will not be done by the democratic party. Tho leaders of the new movement, as well as the rank and file, w ill be draw n from all sides. When it is perceived, as it is now, that all a republican member of congress need do to make himself popular is to make a bold, fierce speech in de nunciation of the extravagance and wanton ness of his own party administration, and that every vote lie gives in congress against the unwise measures of his party finds an applaud ing echo from the awakened and vigilant people, think you the new party will want for competent leaders ? Can a party hold togeth er whose ablest and best men find it wise to strengthen tliemc!ves at home by lighting the pet measures of the party in Congress? A party thus divided within itself is evidetly on its last legs, and must soon give place to another; but certainly there is not a scintilla of evidence to be deduced from the Wiscon sin election that that other will be the demo cratic party. CUBA MATTER-TEE LATEST. Yesterday's despatches indicate that there has been trouble between Minister Sickles at Madrid and the Spanish Foreign Minister about the Yirginit: matter, and that Sickles strongly talks war. While the government at Madrid might be willing to make suitable reparation, it is evident that the temper of the Spanish people is such that Castelar will not dare to make concessions. When Sickles de manded that Spain should enforce her orders to arrest the executions m Cuba, her for eign Minister " insulted" Sickles bv accusinz him of acting on false representations. It also seems that the account of the execu tions in Cuba have been exaggerated. There were but 5:1 shot, Gen. Burriel having sus pended his bloody work on receiving from Havana the orders from the home govern ment. Meanwhile the authorities at Wash ington are pushing warlike preparations with unrelaxcd energy. THE TWEED VERDICT. Bather unexpectedly, but certainly to the gratification of the public generally, the jury of the New York Court before whom Win. M. Tweed, or "Hoss" Tweed, as he is more familiarly called, had been on trial for the last three months for his enormous stealings while a city official a few years ago, has re turned a verdict of guilty on all the counts of the indictment. To carry the verdict into effect would not only deprive Tweed of all his ill gotten wealth, but laud him by the side of Stokes at Sing Sing. But while 'ho was tried on 220 counts and has been found guilty on nil, it seems to be the opinion of the law yers that he can be sentenced on but one count, which would involve comparatively but a finall fine and short imprisonment. Doubtless with the vast sums at his command and large retinue of lawyers in his pay, Tweed will escape his just deserts in some way. Thk Exposition. The Secretary of the Chicago Exposition Company submitted a report to the Board of Directors on Tuesday, bowing the following financial result: 'ost of Building $27,7!U.0l rolit iV loss account S2.2-Jij.4rt Due contractors and Moating bills. ..:v.t,251.27 $::!U,:tss,77 ..i:!7,4i:24 Total receipts. Deficit $25(!,ii75.5:l Covered by the following assets: Building $27s,7!)f.OJ Furniture :,077.25 Cash in Secretary's office 1 5,1 1 Cash in Treasurers oince -',?; is.d;i $24,622.73 The company decided to ask the city to give them a lease of the ground for 10 years, with the view of enlarging the present build ing and making the exposition, like the Crys tal Talaec at Sydenham, a permanent affair Thk Chicaoo Wkekly Mail. We initc attention to the Prospectus of the Wfrkly Hail, In our advertising columns. This is the paper to which new spirit and vitality has been imparted within the last year by tht accession to its editorial force of Maj. W. M Taylor, late Clerk of the Supreme Court of this district. The Mail is a sprightly, lively paper and always fully up to time in its com mercial and miscellaneous news. WITHDRAWAL Of BISHOP CUMMINS. The Protestant Episcopal Church of Ken tucky, as well as of the whole country, was taken by surprise a week ago by the announcement that the Jtev. Dr. Cummins, assistant Bishop of Kentucky, had withdrawn from the communion of the Episcopal church. The bishop himself announces the fact in a letter to Bishop Smith of Kentucky, giving the reasons for his course; and these reasons are based entirely on w hat he alleges to be the present ritualistic tendencies of the church. Dr Cummins finds these so abhor rent that he puts on his hat and walks out, not, however, in the way of resignation, with the purpose of joining some other religious truly, but he proposes to "take his otlice w ith him;" by which he can only mean that he intends to place himshli" at the head of a new sect or division of Episcopalians, of extreme low church principles, w ho instead of the present prayer hook, will, as ho says, use that of the "sainted Bishop lute;" the Bishop White prayer book being one which Bishop W. had drafted for adoption by the church in this country after the severance from England in 1770, but which the convention of 17J!) but partially adopted, adopting instead the prayer book at present in use by the churches in this country. The step had doubtless been contemplated by Bishop C. for some time, one of its leading purposes being to relieve such clergymen us Dr. Cheney and one or two others from their embarrassment of belonging to an Episcopal church without a bishop; but was precipi tated by the criticism which the action of the Bishop provoked iu taking so conspicious a part iu the recent Evangelical Alliance at New Y irk and assisting in celebrating the holy communion with Presbyterian clergy men in a Presbyterian church. The offense in itself was not a very serious one and in the case of ordinary clergymen would probably have been overlooked; but committed as it was by Bishop Cummins, in a spirit of bravado and defiance, might have led to charges being preferred against him and even his ultimate deposition, consequences which he proposes to avoid by taking flight, if we may use the figure. j Bishop Cummins, from his history and training, was not the sort of man one would be inclined to tie to theologically. Originally an actor, he attended a Methodist revival and became converted. His impulsive and en thusiastic temperament naturally drove him into the Methodist pulpit, and his combative and polemic disposition as naturally drove him out of it.when unhappily lie sought refuge iu the Episcopal communion; iu which how ever, he found no more rest than in that ot Methodism, or than he will probably find in any other. Of course, in w ithdraw ing from the Episco pal church and placing himself aloof, as he intimates, from any other body of christians, its constitutions, cauotis, rules or ordinances, Bishop Cummins may still call himself a Bishop or a Pope if he is a mind to do so; but so far as the church of Kentucky or the Episcopal church of the United States is con cerned, after the formal action of his peers recognizing and confirming the severance, his functions as a Bishop must cease He can then no longer give Episcopal validity to the acts of Dr, Cheney than Dr. Cooper could by calling himself a bishop. As a bishop he is thenceforth functus officio. While he was a very earnest and efficient worker when in the strict line of duty, as an element of discord he was so much a bane that, having no longer the power to control him, the church is probably the 'gainer by his leaving. That any apreciable number of the mem- ship of the Episcopal church will follow him is not at all probable. The heart and center of the extreme low church clement is in Philadelphia, yet the "Evangelical wing" of that city, at a meeting on Monday evening after fully discussing the recusant bishop's case, wholly repudiated all sympathy with him iu his secession from thu church. riie Marseilles Ahcrtiir slightly "goes for" the Ottawa licpuhlicin. the latter pa per has been in the habit of sneering at the "little patent inside sheets of the outlying vil lages around Ottawa." The A'hertiner re torts by saying, "As to its comparative size, the Republican is none the less an ass because it is a big one !" The Advert iter occupies a column in its assault on the Hcpubliemt, and shows up its selfish and mercenary character with such vigor that we rather think tho he- publican will hereatter let the Adctrmer alone. The next U. S. Senate will contain some members of note. Hon. It. M. T. Hunter, of Virginia, will doubtless be returned to that body; Gov. Booth, of California, will take the place of the slippery Casserly; Gov. Hoff' man, of N. V., that of Kenton; some decent man (any change must be on the side of de cency) that of Carpenter, of Wisconsin; and Stockton, of New Jersey, will probably he succeeded by Secretary Kobeson, whom Shurz so happily described as a "great con stitutional lawyer among sailors and a great sailor among constitutional lawyers." The financial situation nt the cast, at the beginning of the past w eek, failed to main tain its feature of steady improvement, and for a few days the prospect looked blue; but the favorable news from Eugland during the last few days has wrought a mansions charge for the better. On the 20th the Bank of Eng land lowered her rate of discount to 8 per cent., and funds w ere abundant in the market at ft nrrleent- on government securities. The u. - - consequence is an easy money market in New Y'ork and a buoyant stock market The two ureal dry sroods houses of New York A. T. Stewart & Co. and H. B. ClatlinA: Co. are fighting each other un mercifully, by underselling each other in the trade. The t'laffins are huckstering their stock off at auction for anything they can get for it, and Stewart is selling goods Inith in his wholesale and retail departments at almost any price. ther dry gotnls houses of less pretensiou are neccsarili- forced to "follow suit." ' REMARKABLE PREDICTION. Referring to a prediction of the panic a few weeks before its occurrence by a "wealthy merchant of New York," (copied in the Fhkk Tiiadku Oct. lhli.) the New York Kccnii' Pod calls attention to another prediction of the same event which is in all respects more remarkable. Some of our readers may have seen copies of a publication called "The Modern Thinker." It is published in the shape of a small magazine, there are four numbres a year, but at no fixed dates. Iu the number issued in October 1872 occur; seven predictions, all of them yet to be verified, except the following, which are at least partially fulfilled: "3. I piedict that within the coming two years this country will experience the worst 'financial panic known to its history. It will be more wide-spread and disastrous than even that of 1:1T. All the debts created by our paper-money era will be wiped out or compromised. 'Land will temporarily fall to one half its present value. , . ,, "4. This panic will be precipitated, in all probability, bv the failure of the Northern Pacific rai'lrotul and perhaps of the banks who manage it. This will bring to light such an amazing amount of fraud in connection with our railroads as to discredit all stocks, good and bail. The bears will hold high carnival. The men of most repute in financial circles and on the "street" will prove to be common cheats. While the panic will commence, from all appearance, in railroad circles, and will be confined for a time to the new western enterprises, it will spread finally to the national banks and will develop an amount of rottonness in those institutions which is now beyond the power of the imagination to con ceive." The accuracy to the letter of this prophecy, in designating the Northern Pacific railroad as the one with which the trouble was to be gin; and the bankers connected with that road as the bankers w hose failure would be the signal of the coining financial tempest; and that tempest to be marked by certain characteristics which for two months past the commercial community have watched with so much interest and apprehension all this is certainly as credible in the way of proph ecy as anything on record. The other predictions are still in the future but look probable enough. The first is "that the democratic party will never contest iinntlii'i Presidential election under its old name and organization," and that "the new anti-administration party will have another name, and will light under new leaders." The second is a sort of corollary of the first, as it declares that "civil seivice reform minority representation, the control of tele graphs and railways, and the extension of the powers of the central government, will be the main issues iu future political campaigns." The fifth returns to the Northern Pacific railroad, and predicts that ten years hence that enterprise will be looked upon as "one of the most astounding instances of human credulity and folly;" and the Gth piles the same agony on still heavier. The 7th is, "that before the break down of our railroad system corruption will be rampant in Washington; the railroad rings will run the government wherever their interests are at stake." And the last is that few will heed these warnings, and when all have proved true the seer will b3 forgotten, where we think lie is slightly out. How to Beat Cor.vi.N. The newly elect ed Mayor of Chicago having gone in on the trifling majority of 10,000, his opponents are contriving how to beat him out of his office. Not having the courage to assassinate him, they have found a short road to his decapita tion in the general incorporation law of this state. By that act, any city in Illinois, acting undrr a special charter, may cast it off' and overturn its entire government machinery by voting to organize under the new law. On the petition of 8,000 voters, the present council can order an election to be held a few months hence, and it the new charter is adopted, Mayor Colvin and his whole official gang must walk the plank, and give place to a new horde. At least, his opponents are holding this over him iv terrorem to compel him to lint llii'io down piiiv in thi division of the spoils. Meantime Mayor Colvin is apparently playing a game "worth two o' that." I he two principal offices in his gift are City Comptroller and City Attorney, and the former of these he proposes to give to S. S. Hays and the latter to Judge McAllister, at present one of the Justices of the Supreme Court. With the univesal confidence in his administration that such appointments to the leading offices would inspire, Mayor Colvin can defy the project of an election under the general corporation act, and it will matter very little what his inferior appointments may be lifce. It looks as if Colvin is a man w ho understands himself and is equal 1o any exigency of the situation. The great Allun-Hogan prize fight so extensively advertised to take place some where Iu the vicinity of Omaha on Tues day, "came otF' near Pacific station on the St. Joe road in Iowa, 17 miles from Omaha, and had a ridiculous ending. On the first round Hogan got in n peeler over Allen's eye knocking him down and drawing the first blood. On the second round Allen doubled his opponent up by a blow under the belt, declared to be a foul. On the third round Hogan's friends declared the "foul" repeated broke down the ring and busted the thing up in a row. It was evident from the first that Hogan was a mere child in the hands of Allen, and as his friends were largely in the majority the fight was probably broken up to & w -t.:tT ldil tn ctA, tltn save mm. ah iu mio" - fight by arresting the train from Omaha, but the principals were not on board, having gone to the ground in carriages, and the train load of roughs and spectators was allowed to pro ceed to its destination. Ot the late election the Quincy (111) llrmtd says; "The most cheering appearance is given in the fact that is being exhibited by the returns froru all portions of the country this year. Where the Grangers have presented a ticket nnd the Democrats have united tiHn it, they have been successful in diminishing the re publican vote. Wli'-re Republicans nnd Granger have united they have not diminish ed, but have increased the Democratic rote." THE LAKE MONOPOLY. Now that congress is about to meet, and the farmers of the west have shown by their votes at the October and November elections that they are in earnest mid a potnr in the land, let the granges and farmers' associa tions make it their first business to see tqit . that their representatives in congress move iit' the matter of ridding the west of the odious and oppressive monopoly that controls transportation on the western lakes. Every fall hundreds of Canadian vessels leave Chi cago, Toledo, &.C., in ballast, when every warehouse in tnose cities Is filled with grain which lias accumulated in such quantities that nuither our American shipping on the lakes or our railroads at their fullest capacity can begin to master it. The result is, the fanners are robbed by double freights. Two thirds of the vessels on the lakes are owned in Canada, but they are not allowed to carry grain from any of our own ports to Buffalo. ( )sw -ego or Ogdensburg. That would Inter fere with the monopoly the government has given our own vessel owners to "protect" them against outside competition. This "protec tion" equals a tax of about S cts. a bushel on every bushel of grain the western farmer sends to the seaboard. The tax the farmers thus pay these robbers would buy up all the shipping on the lakes in a few years. A month ago the owners of Canadian ves sels discovered that, by a new treaty which went iu force last July, they have the right to carry grain from Chicago to Buffalo, Oswego, ic, provided on tho way they pass through a Canadian port. In this way a good deal of grain was taken from Chicago to Buffalo by a circuitous route, and lake freights at once fell to half their former rates; but the dis covery was made so brief a time before the panic broke out, that it proved of little ad vantage before the close of navigation. But the farmers w ill not be satisfied with gaining this purely accidental point, should it even prove a real one. Their cry being "down with all monopolies!" they should insist on the removal of this one first of all. An act of congress can do it iu a dozen ofwords and it need not take up. half a day's time in either house. It is a monopoly not only 0s great us any railroad monopoly, but it is a part of the railroad monopoly system. Tli railroads themselves or their officers own the vessels and the two play into each others' hands. Instead of petting these home rob bers, the west should insist that foreign capi tal be invited to build vessels for carrying on the lakes as freely as it is invoked to build railroads. What the farmers of the west want is cheap transportation they don't care who owns the ships or the railroads. Abingdon, Knox County, seems to be quite a lively village. The last Democrat gives an account of no less than three first class rows. In the first u i'armcr named Jones attacked another named CVrtrson, as the latter was on his way to church on Sunday. Courson, hav ing anticipated the attack, emptied a revolver at his assailant, but doing him no hurt, the two ditched and had a bloody fight. Jones was bound over for trial. Next a couple of country roughs rode inti town, and placing themselves outside of a lot of benzine, dashed furiously about the streets and up and dowuthc sidewalks, to the im minent peril of pedestrians. They were cap tured after a bloody fight, taken before a mag istrate and fined. And lastly a ruffian named Cave brutally attacked a printer named Evans, pounding him severely and nearly biting off" his righ'. thumb. The lough was fined 50. For one quiet Sunday, that will do pretty well for a village in the exemplary county o:' Knox. In traveling over the L'. P. or B.vV M. rail road iu Nebraska one is struck with the fine school houses in every village along these roads. These buildings are mostly erected by issuing bonds, and then assessing a tax on the railroad lands to pay them. The railroad companies have contested the right of the vil lages to levy this tax, but we see a decision lias just been made by the Supreme Court of the l S. deciding the question in favor of the right to tax. The Illinois Central Hailroad is about tc introduce at least one sensible reform, which is, to rid itselfof the Pullman sleeping car mo nopoly and run sleeping cars of its own. The Pullman cars are very nice and comfortable, but $:i extra for a night's lodging in a cramp ed little hangup on wheels, w hen a fine room with all its luxrulous surroundings at the IV. iner House don't cost half as much, is sim ply an imposition. The Illinois Central pro poses to have cars equal to Pullman's and to charge about $1 extra per passenger for their use. Ax I m tout a nt Dkcision. Judge Mcllol crts, of the Will and Grundy Circuit Court, has decided that the track of the Chicago. Kock Island & Pacific road must be removed from the Court house square in the city ol Joliet. This will necessitate the building o:' anew bridge over the river, changing of the route, depots and water tank, the procure mentof new rights 'of way, and otherwise cost the company divers and sundry dollars, too numerous to mention. The decision isquitt lengthy and very able. CuiCAtiO Triuvsk. The Prospectus of tin Chicago Tribune for 1874 will be found on the 5th page of to-day's Fkee Trapkk. There it no doubt but the Tribune is the leading news paper in the Northwest; independent and manly in politics, prompt and reliable in it news. Indeed no politician of any complex j ion or professional or business man of the northwest can claim to be posted who docs not read the Tribune. The Sheridan Union states that a son of J J. Uasmusson, of that place, about 7 years old, was so severely kicked by a horse hitched near his fathers store on Thursday morning f last week, that he died on Saturday. The Secretary of war will ask of Congress at its next session an appropriation of $150,000 to continue the improvement of the Illinois river conjointly w ith the State govcrnmen' of Illinois, by building locks and dams ant' dredging out the channel.