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OTTAWA PHEE THADEK: SATCIKDAY, OCTOBER 28. 1876.
Ottawa, III., SMtnrdayi October 28. 1H7(I. CREAM OF OUlt EXCHANGES. A boy lu Sterlinir cntiht a iloiililu-lieuilcil snuko recently near that place. Bolli heads urc perfect, and join on tlie body so n to leave the necks ubcmt one inch hmg.Strriinn Uuzttle. They must have remarkably mean whisky ut Sterliuj;!"". .; The Lockport l'hanti has a new assistant ed itor, whoso salutatory Is a model of brevity. The new man on the tripod Is named Harry Kunjte,. and lie says: "Yours truly, Harry Ktiiiife." Only this and nothing more! The Lockport I'timix Rets up u heavy article, headed "An Honoet Voter." The 1'niz will have to jro outside of tho Hayes-tirant party for a reader who can appreciate it. II will be un popular anioiiK its subscriber. That new man must have written it. Youth and Innocence are taturally honest.- , The Indiana Hepubliian State Central Com mittee have Issued an sddress full of hope in the ability of the republicans to tarry Indiana in November. Juliet Vt". That same committee were equally confident of success iu October, Mr. .S'u, but" the best laid schemes of mice and men," &c. Galley Head, on the coast of Cork, will soon have erected the largest lantern ever made. It will consume l.UOO feet of xas per hour, and will be visible during fogjry weather. Its lllit will equal that of 2,000,000 candles. Ki. Some such contrivance Is needed to throw litfht upon Cullen'a foggy political editorial enig mas in the Ottawa JiepMicau. The Morris Jlrfarmtr grumbles because cows and horses run at largo upon the streets. We should ihiak the llrformer could eland It after enduring the unrestrained presence of a bore like .Hayes, radical aspirant for congress! A wnter In the Streator Monitor believes that " it Mas so ordained that woman should first dls cover that Jesus had risen from the dead, In or der that tho news would be more rapidly spread." True, but the plan had its drawbacks nobody believed it till men vouclmd for lis truth! The man who will step up to tho bar and ilnnk his whUky without HioUKhton bitters, with a copy pf " The Christian ut Work " stick ing out of his pocket, has drifted out mid be yond all hope of gaining a democratic nomina tion for town constable. Jolkt .Vuu. Yes, ho lias sunk too low fnr that, but Is about right for a republican editor, or near tho grade of the average radical congressman! Keep your yo on the thieves, and you will know exactly what tliu rcpublicau leaders are trying to do. ilnle linjixlir. It can't bo done, Mr. Jinbltr; they are too running for us. Ben Ilutlcr brags that "ho was madu by Cod, nut by newspapers. That relieves tbu newspa pers of a foul charge, It lets them out, as it were but it is rough on the other party. Tally one for the Dixon Sun. It called Mr' Bhaw, tha editor of a rival paper, a " Blonde' As (Shaw's lialr I black, ho coiil'J'nt see the point, and called tho Hm a fool. The .Sun turns to the dictionary and Muds the word "blonde'' to nit an " a lighUheuded fellow!" tSLaw has to prove that his head has bruins In It, or give it up! The Uibson Courier, a Hayes organ, Is a little out of tunc It needs a reprimand or something from Zach Chandler. It thinks Jako Kehm, the wltUky thief, whom (irant parduned out of jail, ought still to be in limbo. It styles him "The collosal whisky thief of Chicago," and adds that his pardon has disgusted tho country. A (1 greenback from Washington might modify the Courier's iews. That sort of argument is Irre sistible with the average rrjiubublican editor. The New York Trtfmnt says: The few republican mud machlivs which are iiWork ought to be hauled oil' as soon as possi ble. They are doing (invernor Tihlen a good deal more service than all of his documents. But what would nine tenths of your Hayes & Wheeler newspapers and orators big and little di) if you won't let them throw mud? They've got to thrww mud and slime they don't know howto work with any other available weapon. (ire.it variety is obse.vable lu the style of trimming ladies' undergarments. (hjlc County li.lftrr. How did you find that out, Mr. Itrjmrtiri Did some one tell you, or did you learn how it is your.iclf." l b'' (iiliiMii Slur lint been enlarged and iui I rowd. From being a star of the tit ti, It has be. i i. me tine of the Mb magnitude. I.oug may you "twinkle, llttlo SUir." I know of no belter recipe for keeping out of the penitentiary than to vote the Kcpiiblicau ticket. ltih nncriW iirnh at SjiriuitfltM. We know of i.o better recipe fur getting out uf Hie penitentiary than Idling (irant know you lire a member of the republican whisky l ing. 11 '--l-fitril Journal. And no better way is there for letting (irant Lux that you are a member of tho whisky ring than to send him it bull pup pre paid, and in form blm that as soon as you can get out of' jail you will vote for Hayes. There U said to be exepnsite poetry concealed iu Indian names. Here probably are specimens: Old chief, Can't-Kide-Horseback-Alolie, lined to kick up a dut on the Northern I'l'iius, and now Chiefs YouiiiMiian-Alraid-oMlis-llorxcs, and Sitting Hull have taken the war path. Yer rily, there Is poetic eloquence and Intellectual f iliiiiUcaiit c iu the names of the children of the f-rct. Hi now tunc old Kuoek-Your-Krains-(jut for-a-Niikle to encroach upon emigrant trains for a winter's supply. Bed Is the all pervading color among fashion able ladies this fall. Crccn are the men who marry them, and blank are the Interiors of the husbands purge's who furnish the toggery, and b'.ne are those who ran't. Kigln has a doctor iiamiu Morrow, but If a man is sick to-day be doesn't want to go to-morrow after his medicine. AV.i'n .nm. Morrow may tuakc It u'i day with the AVw some night. Anew brand of whisky called "Tho Stump" Li, made its appeurunce. A great many are taking the stump this campaign. Aurora ,Vtrs. This may account for the crooked ways of the Hayes orators and their deviations front the truth. Woman rrtrbes the highest sphere of life by degrees. Chewing a toothpick upptars to be ne of the atagea. Ihiulmry A'nr. Wearing ttand.ng crimped corner collars and excruciating m?rk ties constitute another stage, and kicking off the "old roan's" hat without' losing their e m lbrxim, are others. Home ministers go off traveling to find sub jects to discourse upon; others adhere to the Uible. L'Kkayo Jcirhnl. Tuote who ssy least shout the bible are gener. ally considered the best preachers. Tint good bid book Is growing very unpopular In these times. It speaks of "lovinj thy neighbor;" for- ring Injuries; " thou sbslt not steal," Ac. Rad leal Hsye men can't abide the bible a moment, as Its doctrine would elect Tildea and consign the radicals to Immediate punishment, as well as everlasting Infamy. Here is a melancholy statement which should not be mistaken for prose; it is very heartrend- lug poetry: When Beth got home from mackcrelllng he sought his Saruli Ann, and found that she, the i...Miia one. bad found another man. And then most owful tight he gtt, and so he went away, mid bound himself to cut live oak all down in Kloriday. Ho pined upon the live oak land, be murmured in the shades, his axo grew heavy in his hand, all in the wilwood glades. Mosqultos i.ii liim i-vervwhere. no comfort did lie get, and how terribly he'd swear whenever he got bit. At iaf nVminirlnL' of relief, and wishing himself . 1 . . . . . t i ..i.. ....i dead, he went into tlie wooua a piece mm muvyv ed oil' his own head. The following verse from the Detroit I'm Prent is very applicable to a number of radicals in this scctlou: Ills brightest hopes were dead, All happiness bad lied, . And he looked like a wasted banana, For after tasiipg of tho cup, Ho had put bis money up, That the rads were dead-sure of Indiana. A stranger was recently found drowned at Philadelphia. The unknown inen are constantly getting drowned. A society formed for intro ducing people to each other would prexent such occurrences. A'. isyron wrote: " How sweet to hear the watch dogs honest bark." From which we infer Byron never attended n midnight sociable iu a farmer's water-melon patch. An exchange asks: "Who can conceive a more painful task than that of entertaining the hired girl's beau while she is getting supper?" There are more painful tasks; and perhaps that of entertaining the lured girl wlUle her beau Is getting supper Is one of them though It de pends somewhat upon the age, beauty and Intel ligenee of the girl. Scientific research has demonstrated thut be sides salt the ocean contains gold and silver in solution. To be exact aboul it, there ore two million tons of pure silver in the waters of all the oceans on the earth. But still It would not be advisable to boil those waters down to get the precious metal. Kunoaophy, a new word meaning science of dogs, has been coined In Germany, we learn, but as the word can't be punned upon we don't see how it is going to benellt tho literature of this country. KorkUind Cuuritr, Literally the word is'cute-nose-opby, w hich we thluk should bo accepted as u dog-on good translation. A shrewd cotetnporary notices tho almost des uetude of JewsUarps. The American people are quick to learn, mid they gave up thejewsharp as soon as they discovered a greater wealth of inai'ness lu the accordeon. Brooklyn Arytm. A snare dram In tho hands cf an able-bodied, Industrious amateur is not to bo slighted either! Such a musical instrument has been known to amply supply tho wants of an entire village. They forget tint the rnc.o also gave b;rtli to Christ. That Christ should be killed by any people among whom lie inigjit appear was Id rvituble. and had to do with human nature ut lari;c. Tho exceptional uniljin:irveloi!s thing, speaking wculiuly, was jus pirnim .nun. There can be no reply to He tremendous re tort of the Israelltt! l"'i wljom the Christian had spat that halt' Ciilstdjidoin worship a ,Iew and the other hall' a .It wess. .Says Mat tliew Arnold: "As well luihgine a man with a sense lor sculpture not cu tivatnig it by the help of the remains of Gnek art, or a man with a seiiso for poetry not cultiva'iiij? it by the help "'" Homer and Phinspcare, as a man with a sense for conduct nc cultivating it by the help ot tho Bible:" Gneie was the littrr-up to the nations of the banner of art and science, as I-rael was f))c lifter up l U' banner of righteousness." November Magazines Nerlbnrr'M. Tho November number begins the thir teenth volume of tfcrlbner'8, and opens with a ii elaborately illustrated article on Hartford, by Chas. II. Clark, of the Hartford Courant Prominent objects in this sketch are Colt's- beauliiul estate Ht Armsmear; the residences or iMark Twain and Dualey 'Warner; the fam ous Charter Oak; tho Insurance buildings; portraits of Dr. liushnell, den. Ilawley and Yung Wing; with many other subjects of general interest. In no connection is Hart ford belter known to the general public than with her hsurance companies. In regard to Ihcbo we have the following statistics: I$y the last official report, it appears that 212,407 people have their lives insured in Harlford. II each of these represents a lami ly of Ave, then more than u million of people are looking to the city as their relugo in the time which tho insurance agent, himself a Hartford product, can so pathetically describe as certain to be, for tho uninsured, of acute financial as well as domestic distress. These lives nre insured for $450,!)01),Hj0 altogether, and tho property insured in the fire compa nies is sftMo.GlbVMK) more, so that the total risk which Hartford carries is in round num bers 1.10.U()0,0iI0. Hut the business of in surance has reached Buch a scientific basis that the probable losses admit of close calcu latlon, and the amount of assets necessary to a certain fay men t is definitely n.xeu. I lie Ilartlord companies, Having fiu.uw.uou. have large surpluses above the amount re quired. Yet nearly all this accumulation has coinu within a short time, lhe lite insur ance business began about lSoO, and but three fire coir pan les antedate the exceptional dis aster ol the Chicago tire. The following story of the Ilartlord pulpit is told, in Illustration ol the "simple customs'' of the days gone by: Dr. Strong, alter It is Revolutionary chap lalncy, was a pastor for many years in the citv. where ho was universally loved and re specii'd. On week days, the Doctor was in terested in the sale of rum as member of a firm who distilled and sold the liquor. This may seem strange, yet it is worth remark that the liquor business appears to have been bet ter In the time when minister- managed it thaa now; but that is now all the story. The (Inn failed, and the sherirt followed up the minister with a writ. The latter retired to his house and shut himself up there to es cape, but as writs could not be served on Sun days, he would come out of exile on those days, and, making his way to the sanctuary, would in safety lead Ins Hock in their relig ious duties, nor did anybody then comment on tlie affair as peculiar. Another version of the tradition lias it that the sheriU'did arrest the minister but he was released "within limits" as the custom then was, and the legal "limits" had to Imj especially extended for the benefit of this culprit in order that he might be able to reach the church where lie preached. The article, as the product of a Hartford man, shows the Chicago fault of "a want of self appreciation." but will pleasantly satisfy a pervading public iuterest in regard to the "Charter Oak City." Charles HarnarJ begins in the present number a series of articles on Co-Operation in Great Itritaiu, w hich promise to be of un usual interest and value. The same may be said of a series ol microscopic papers, begun by Mrs. Herriek. Mr. Clarence Cook con tinues his talk about furniture; Mr.ThcwIng gives lils experience as to the compara tive expense at different colleges Yale, Har vard, &c. Ik Marvel writes about the Phila delphia Exhibition. There is an illustrated paper on Home ; there are several short sto ries and poems; and in the departments at the end of the magazine we have such sub jects discussed as County Homes, American Art, Politics and the Jews. lu connection w ith the last named Dr. Holland makes these sen sible observations: It Is very curious, not to say amusing, to see how iteople resent the introduction ot the Jewish elemeni in George Eliot's last great story. That tha Jews killed Christ la the principal thin? that many excellent Chris tians renumber about that extraordinary race. .st. Mi liolin. The November St. Nlchilas is mindful of the fact that this is (hankering tivm'li. and its pagts are enriched witj three t!;ankgiv ing stories," The Owl that turud, Harrowing a Grandmother, and Tinea's Conclusion, all beautifully illustrated. Ahong the miscella neous articles the most ittractive are The Klncdom of the Greedy All about a.Eead Pencil, The Jlees that Want to the Sky, and Reminiscences of Abrahnn Lincoln. In ad dition to these Susan f'ooldgc contributes an historical article entitled A Queen, and not a Queen, and II. H. has a jliarming practical talk; while the fresh andjstirring Slory of a Tolerbul' 3J id Hoy, is liy S ir ih u inter Kellogg, who has writtei several excellent boy's stories. Flowers ii Winter, and A Centennial Pen wiper, ) furnish pleasant tasks for little bauds; am there Is no end to the pleasant rhymes preiared for little eyes and ears; such ns HeDilt by Mary E. Brad ley; Listening, by Marj N. Prescott; The Sunday Baby, by AliceWilliams, ar.d the dainty verses by Ucssic Hill, entitled Far Away. Jack-iii-ihe-Pulpet Iui9 nn unusually rich melange, of which the Mowing is a slight specimen, under the heal of A Halloon Iu ventor: Is'ot MontgolhYr, nor ny other man, in vented this balloon ; but u tiny insect that makes no uoise in the vorld. "A friend of mine watched her at wort making a balloon, then saw her t ike her ctildren and begin a journey in it. She wis a mother spider, whose "family I do not kaov. Apparently she had betomi tired of her old home and wanted to mi ve elsewhere. So she snun a little cossainur balloon, shaped somewhat like one of the situral divisions of a walnut-shuck. As it grew in size it would have floated away within:' her hud she not fastened it by ropes of gossirncr to the branch of a tree. I5y and by, when all wasdone. she seemed to be saying sometntng tome cmsier oi uny babv spider's that were clhging to her, pro bably assuring them that here was no dan ger. 1 lien sun again exanineo uer uauoon, to make sure that all wis right, and then broke off the gossamer rne. The little bal loon gently rose before thebieeze. My frieud wished the skillful maker and bold naviga tor of the air a sucrcs.-ful oyage, as she sail ed out of sight, au'l he netTsaw her more. The number contains nany beautiful pic lures by well-known artiss, as well as a few very comical drawings byF. Heard, F. Opper and others. the boy ; and he gazed lovingly at a big stick ol licorice as tlie arnica was being bottled. I'fiin Monthly. The IVr.li Monthly for October has for its principal articles, Antique Jewelry and Its Revival, by Signor Alessandro Castellan!) a second paper Concerning Zea!, by It. E. Thompson; Hasilisks Physical and Moral, by the Rev. V. W. Newton; The Extirpation of the Larger Indigenous Mammals of the United Slates, by J. A. Allen; and Education at the Vienna Exhiblli'Ui, by J. G. Rosen- garten. Itallim' Monthly. The November number is adorned with numerous handsome illustrations, and pres ents lhe following table of contents: The Pyrenees; New Englrnd Birds; A Surprise; Vietoire: or, The Turns of For tune's Wheel; The Poet and the H.mr; The Storv id a Sofa-Cushion ; In a Violin ; My Ro sary"; The lit ires- and her Guardian ; A tale of Country Lite; Cousin Adelaide; To-Mor-row: The Battle of IJaniiockburn; Our Har- noon-Guii: The Turkish Army; The Power of Conscience. Oi ti Yoimi Peoi-lk's Sto ky-Tkm.kk. Thai Taylor Bov; Iu the Coal Mines; The Dew People's' Ball ; fader-Garments; Crows in India; Ruthven's Puzzle Page; Curious Matters; The Housekeeper; Facts and Fancies; Pictures for the People. OMelul Time Tul)le, The October issue of the Official Time Ta bles, by the National R nl way Publication Company, is a thorough revision and correc tion of the time tables of all railroads, steam boat and other lines of travel in the f . S. and Canada to that date, with a large and handsome man. How a book like that of pages can be furnished for 23 cents, is a mystery, yet at that price it is sold by all booksellers and newsdealers. Itopp's Commercial Calculator. This is a little manual which every busi ness man will carry next to his pocket fcook as soon as he gets the run of it and under stands its value. By it he can Instantly tell the value of wheat, corn, rye, oats, cattle, hogs, hay, or any article of ordinary traffic, to the last hall pwnuy without stopping to figure; lhe interest .on any sum of money for any length of time ; the measure ot boards, scantling, timber, hay, cisterns, tanks, grana ries, OvC, etc.; and be is also taught many original and rapid methods of calculation, iuvolving principles never heretofore pub lished. The book is printed on line paper and elegantly bound in pocket book shape, and is accompanied by a silicate slate, a pocket for papers, tfcc, Ac. Price from $1.00 to $'.'.00, according to binding. C. Roup, Ijloomlngton, III. Auy of the above publications can be seen at the bookstore of Ouiau & Hapeman, where single copies are lor sale and subscrip tions received. !Ini'lcr. The November Harper rpens with a beau tiful poem, handsomely il.nstratcd, by Miss Muloch, entitled Magnus ano Morna. It is i Shetland lairy tale, in the fcrmof an operet ta, and includes a d'jzenof iwe-'t little songs that we have no doubt w 11 S'lorbe set to mu sic. Another finely ilhittratjd u tide is liar riet Prescott Spofford's coiittibitiou on Med. iicval Furniture full of valuable informa lion. In A Puritan Geiitlcinar. of New Eng. land, Horace E. Scud.ler giveisotue very in teresting glimpses of tho Llftof Win'hrop, the first Governor of Massachusetts; and A II. Guernsey, in ainther :ilis!rated paper, gives a graphic picture of an exploring picnic in the Indian Alps. But thi ilustrated paper in the present number whfcltwi'.l attract as much attention us aly iu JIhois is that by Mrs. Lamb, upon distingilsied persons in terred In the burial froiint otTrlnity mid St. Paul's. Besides Intivcstu? sletches of noted historical cbaracteis, we ludthe following: Sidnkv Bukesk. Sidn v 3rcese was from a Wtflsh family, the preset lead of which is a wealthy baronet ol a-s. lie was inc an cestor of the distinguished, t. Breese Morse, who invented the means V vhich to "Speed tho soft intetcoun ofsoul with soul, And wait a sigh from lads V the pole." He was the great grandfaier also, of Com modore Bret-se. of the I'nid States navy, and of Sidney Breese, late I rteJ States Senator from Illinois. Belore coring fo America, he was an officer in the Brishnavy uud a Ja cobite. At the time ol th rebellion, in 1 4 45, he was about mounting b horse to join the Pretender's army, wheus heard of the lat- ter's defeat by the Duke (Cumberland. He Hhortlv after resigned i commission and came to New York, whcue opened the first funcv store in the citv. le was extremely social In his tastes, and is noted for giving good dinners, at which lnlways sung songs aud told stories wilh grespirit, never failing to captivate bis guests. The fascinating bUt Daniel Derouda, having been concluded the October num. ber, a new serial is begun the present num ber ty Miss Thackeray Another, by R. D. Blackmore, is promiseto begin with the December number. Sher stories are con tributed by Coustance Mson, Annie Thom as and others. Then wisve an interesting sketch of John Locke, Professor Murray- Nairne, of Columbia cage; poems by Bay ard Taylor, A. II. I.oulOeo. Lunt and Ed car Kawcett. The edilal departments are unusually full and inteiing, including the pleasant social gossip roe Easy Chair and the rich scraps from t: Drawer, of which the following, with maid hers, mill doubt less forthwith "take Ihcunds" ol the press: A Hoy's Wat ok sta n Tnisos. A boy's way of stating things, Ugh ottcn inelegant, is generally nervous, ample; A lad at Easton, PenPylvaoia,tercu a drug store, bottle In band, and sate wanted ten cents' worth of "armakymon The dxuggcr tolJ him to repeat the wordjd said, "Don't yoa mean arnica, or unmet'' "1 dunno," was the nr. What is It for?" askruggist. i "Can't tell," said bot art ing slowly out When near the door a tut Idea illumined him, and be turned aniked druggist: "If your wire nit you on thtsxl witnacnair teg, which of them medicl would you git to take the swellin" down -Arnica." "Then fill ber la ten Ms worth," replied LZAUGE ISLAND. One of the biggest steals, among fifty, en glneered through Congress during the malign reign of republicanism, was the purchase of League Island, in the Delaware below Phila delphia, for a navy yard. In reference to Its fitness for tho purpose proposed, the New York JArY publishes the following canversa tion cf one of its reporters with the late Act miral Charles Stewart: "What is your opinion about the fitness of League Islanc lor a .Navy lard!' "It might answer the purpose now, but fifty years nence it will not." Two hundred and fifty head of cattle were washed oil Smith's Island in the Delaware in 17SU." "I have seeu," said he, "in 1790, just below Trenton, ships loaded with Hour and lumber for the West Indies; now a shallop cannot get up mere only at nigh water." "For want of a port that is accessible for retreat our ships would be taken by superior lorce." "Midsummer, during the drouth, the river Delaware is so low that vou can scarcely carry a vessel of eighteen feet at any stage of ttie hoc." lie auus: "Ibis is trotn a man who has navigated the river from 178!)." He further stated that "In the year 1790 he was loading u vessel in the West India trade at the w harf in Philadelphia, in the month of March (early), and while a northwester set in, which blew for fifteen days, with so much force that it forced the coast water oil to the Gulf Stream, and drained almost all the wa ter out of the Delaware, when hundreds of met), women and children, with sacks and shawls, baskets aud bags, walked about the bottoJi of the river at Philadelphia, raking out old ropes, small anchors, purses cf mon ey, watches and various other articles which had beetl lest from vessels and end of wharves, and that perambulation continued about a week, and there were very few wharves at Philadelphia where any vessel would float; his own vcfsel was high and dry In the mud, and they stopped loading for a .week. 1 lie same thing occurred in the year 173 ), w hen Benjamin Cooper, who kept the terry at that time at Camden, walked over Irom Cumdcn to Smith Island on a muddy bottom, and marked on one of the rocks the point of the lowest w ater, putting on the date of the year; and again went over in 179G be fore named, and found the same rock and the same mark, aud found lour inches lower wa ter than it bad been In 17SJ, which rock he marked again that year, March 179(1. This whole statement may be found at tho Frank lin Ii:stitu:e, in the Philadelphia papers of Match, 1790. ' lie also said that "very few of the winters have passed in rhllldelphla without his hav ing seen the river oDstructeu irom two or three weeks lo two or three months, by fast or floating ice. He bad scyi the river filled with skaters, sleds, loads ol wooa drawn by two and lour horses, ana irequently oxen roasted on the Ice for the refreshment ot the skaters. This country, in spite of Congress and every adverse t norr, must exist as a com mercial and naval power. This experimental iron clad establishment cannot constitute the whole that may be contemplated by the I nit ed Suites, but several more will have to be in augurated, and that in ports tuatjwill afford the greatest facility for the security and pre paration for service the most convenient f r their prompt departure, or for their return, to escape by retreat irom an enemy by Having a place at all times accessible, free irom ail natural obstructions, affording every means of entrance by depth ol water at all times, and every means of approach to secure their safety. The great bugbear for iron-clads seems to be corrosion irom salt water. A place which cannot afford all these facilities stated Is preferable to a long ilvcr and fresh water for naval purposes, lor tue iron useii. by occasionally covering it with a mix rare ol Hour of brimstone, tallow and beeswax, will not only be protected from rust effectually, bat tbe grow'.u ci grass ana Dsrnacics on at bo'tom of tbe vesstl will te prevented by tbe sam means." "He took it for granted that no morecli fashtoacd saillig ships will constitute any considerable portroa of tbe naval service, tot in lieu thereof the national government must be notified that rams hereafter will constitute an important portion of the future naval ser vice." Hecontinued: "In 1791 winter there was a brig, I think, from Main (Mass.) to Philadelphia loaded with peas aud beans. She was cut through with ice, the water got in and swelled the peas and beans in her and burst her, and that was the foundation of the Pea-patch. It was caused by the loss of that vassel iu March, hence the name Pea-patch." "The John, in the winter of 1798, was cut through with ice and sunk, and that gave lhe name to the 'John Shoal.' " As our country becomes clear ot its woous, and open to cultivation, our climate becomes materially amclioraieu as regarus iau com and heat. The washing of the surface of the earth by the rains, the melting ot the snows In the spring ot the ye'.r, carries inio our i iv ers the light surface strata of the land and the soil, which contributes materially, on ueiug carried down by the river tides and freshets, to leave in its course such matter for future shoals nnd islands. This has been the case particularly on the river Arno In Etruna. We read in history that at the time oi me io mans, the Roman galleys harbored at tho City of Pisa; now a row boat cannot ascend that river any distance except In a freshet. Now you may cross the Arno ai I'isa, me river," except in a freshet, being not over an kle deep. A century hence we may not be able to get down the Delaware river with ten feet of water. Already considerable changes have been wrought. Any obstruc tion ot the river ot a character that is calcu lated to attract and confine matter floating down the river, is certain to create a shoal, and, perhaps, finally an island even iu the deepest part of the river." Referring to the unhealthfulness of League Island, Admiral Stewart said : "Build not your house where any consider able stretch of fresh water or marshy land lies near to it on the side whence come the prevailing winds. The east end of Washing ton is not so healthy as the west end, on ac count of the large marshes on the southwest. Joseph Bonaparto undertook at Bordentown, N. J., to make a largo fish pond near Ills dwelling by bringing into it water from the Delaware river. It made his house so un healthy that be was obliged to abandon it." A CANDID OPINION. What Tlie "Chicago Tribune" Sulit of Tilion Five Months Ago. From tne Clncsgo Tribune, May 2, 1876. Mr. Tilden is a man of acknowledged in tellectual ability; he has a fair personal repu tation, and, owing to his services in prosecut ing the Tweed ring, was elected Governor of Iew lork by a grateful people. Mnce ne has been Governor, ho has broken up the great canal ring, and has become known to the whole country as a reformer, and as a vigorous prosecutor of official fraud. He, as a Democrat, stauds before the people in some what the same popular light that Bristow does as a Republican. As against Bristow, his reputation as an honest executive would avail him nothing, because tue present se cretary of the Treasury has a record which throws in the shade that ot any other man in the country. The great moral sentiment of the people Is in favor of electing to the Presi dency not only a man witn clean nanus anu free of all participation in the past corruption, but also a man who has a record as a practi cal reformer ot government, a weeder out of the rotten and criminal from the public ser vice, and they will elect such a man, no mat ter by what party he may be nominated, it the one party will not nominate such a man and the other does, then the reformer will carry w ith him the support of the aroused and determined public. The Republican party can make no. issue with Tilden on the currency question, l lie "uiiuieu greenback" delusion has been badly demoralized by the visible appearanco ot the mctnlic currency, The candidate who tolerates the ragamuffin doctrine will go down under disastrous de feat. The only doubtful states, those in w hich the decisive contest must take place, arc the hard money states, and the candidate who op noses Tilden must stand fairly and squarely on the same platform with him on that ques tion. In case the Kepubltcan party shall, at Cincinnati, nominate a man of questionable record, a candidate suggested by the machine politicians, one whose record is of bitter op- position to reform in tue civil service, or lu favor of further continuance of the war w hich closed eleven years ago, the great financial and commercial interests of the country, who so earnestly desire peace ana an honest ad ministration of the government, will not have the slightest hesitation In giving their confidence aud support to a man like 1 llden. Wo confess that Tilden w ill be the most formidable opponent of the Republicans that the Democratic party can nominate at this time. He will make a great battle in states tnat would otherwise go Republican. He will furnish an acceptable candidate to that multitude of people who will not support any mail for President who represents and is himself a part of the machine politics of the country. The probable nomination of Tilden at St. Louis is, therefore, of such importance to the Republican party that is should be accepted as a portentous warning against Die nomina tion of any candidate who expects to be elect ed by mere party machinery. The indepen dent voter is numerous, and the voters who are determined there shall be a reform in the whole administration, of the government will fiud the man whose own record gives the best assurance on that point, and will elect bun, no matter by what convention he may be nominated. One of the Tilden Tramps. The St. Louis Tim$ of the 14th says: There came to the city yesterday a battle scarred hero and patriot, who registered his name at the Planters' House w ithout a parti- cle of ostentation. It was Gen. James Shields, on his way home lo his little farm in Carroll from tho big campaign in Indiana, where, forgetful of his wounds, his years or his pov erty, he plungeu into the thickest of the fight and uiu oawic lor me cause oi liocriy, ucnioc racv and relotm. lie wcrt as a volunteer. refusion all compensation or assistance, and if the whole truth could be told, has done more lor the election of the democratic ticket than anv man who has crossid the Indiana line. And yet this man, who has been a mem ber of the legislatures of Illinois and Missou ri, auditor ot the State of Illinois, a judge of her supreme court, a commissioner of the United States general lnnd office, a general in the federal army as far back as the Mexican war. a irovernor of one- of our territories, a senator of the United States from tw o com monwealths, a major general in the war for the union, aud later a member oi congress from Missouri, at tho age of sixty six, fifty years of which be has siwnt In the service of bis adopted country, could hardly ivunt up as much personal wealth as the United States paid last year for the support wf Babcock's dog. The betrs of William I tnn now receive from lhe British government and are to re ceive "forever" $20,000 a year, in compensa tion for their proprietary righto to IVcnsyl vania. The London EcK suirptsts that, "con sidering the very dubious claim the old Qua ker ever bad lo tho state whir hears bis name, and tha! it is now the great republic's, it might not be impertinent to sagcest thai the United States congress should take over the liability for the pm'". w'.'h the other privileges attached lo it." The daughter of a famous attorney general of Florida, wacn a Spanish colony, received nntil t!ns year a peaaio of $750. Centaur Liniments. Tho quickest, Surest and Chea' est iieiiHMues. .... anil Fari'lnrs. lll-clun that 110 remc'illri! have ever hi-lore heen In use. orrtt r? hut tlie proprietors of tlu-ne nrllcle will preiteii .trll tliw lo medical men, gratli, a a guarantee ol wnatt Bar. The Centaur Liniment, White Wrapper, v cure Itlipniiiatlmn. Neuralgia, l.umtmiro, bcnuica. " Ilreahtn. Sore Mlnplen. ITcnieu I eel, e iiiuuiaim. oncm BprauiB, aim anyormnury FLESH. BOSK OB M0.'L WLMKNT, We nwkono pretense that tlitt article will core Can rwiore iot. ooru.i, or uive m'i'iu iu wumoj ou.. ch8. Uut It will always reduce tbflammutloa aud I pain. lr will vt.at tti nnl.ftn tt M'oa And 8tln.pl. ftn(l Hum np Bi'fllda url I linn t. Mo,. I'alHV. V Buck, Caked Breastn, Karaelie.ToottiacJie, Itch audC nMiina KrnntlnnN rna.rtilv nlpld tn It IrMiiUllen. Henry lllack.or Ada Hardin Co., Ohio, lav: "My 1 has had rheiim&llBtu lor five veara no real, uo Bleep cc scarcely walk: acrnns the floor, bhe 1 now complt cuied hy the us ot Centaur Liniment. We all teel ill! tul to you, and rebommend your wonderful medicine i our I'rlemK" James llurd. ot Zanetvllle, (., snya: "The ten T l..l.u.tt iimiH mo KM rultrln AifrpM Timh. ot Newark, writes : "Snd me one d bottles by express. The Llnlmeut lias save I my le. want todlstrthntPK," c. '1 he sale ol this Liniment ta Increajln: rapidly, The Yellow Centaur Linime is for the tousli (kin, Oeah ana muscles ot HOR8E9, MULIS AND IN I MILS. We have never yet seen a cine or Spavin, Sweeav, 1 hone. Wind-tail, Scratches or Poll-Kvll, which this nient would not speedily benellt, and we never saw t oil it lej cases -wlitol would not rare, .-in fu- when anv thine cnn. It Is lollv to a i m- ir.irripr. when one do Mar's worth ot Centaur meut wld do better. The tullowlnff U a sample ol. Ill) tlmony produced : w iv ttnnltlns. Postmaster. Ptnua. O.. savs "Centaur Liniment can't be beat. It cures every tlr i KLvsitTox. O., March 2, t( "The Centaur Mnlments are the bent Belling medi we have ever had. The demand Is very great tor it we cannot aUo.d to be without ft ",IrrtKoir, Mo .Nov. in. It "Some t me aeo I was snipping norscs lo i. i.ouis, lr. n one haillv crionled In the car, m n fiinsii.li a. i no niamp.Krener ki our Centaur Liniment, which I uiwoV with such su Ith ereat difficulty ;ave me a uou blm to the stable vmirrpnlAUP I.lr that In two days the horse was active and nearly have heen a veterinary surgeon for thirty yeara, bi i inimani tkPRtR nnvthlniF 1 ever nsen. "A. J. M'CAKT Y, Veterluary Burgeo vnr nnatifn atrtmn wo wilt mall a Centaur Aim enntMnin hundreds of certificates, from every state I Union. These Liniments are now eold by all dealers country. Laboratory of J. B. Rose & Co., 46 Day St., Nw York. Castoria. Tr. Samnel Pitcher, of Hyannls, Mass., experiment his private practice lor twenty year 10 proniicoacon Hon that would have tbe properties r Cantor without Its unpleasant tate and griping effect. Ills preparation was sanl for, near and lar, till nna' gave It the name of Cas'orla and fat It up for sale, very wonderful In Its eftecte, particularly with the i dered stomachs and bowels ot children. It umm! UtON t li food, cures sour stomach and wind reiulates the bowel", expels worms, and m rollpri nnnn tn -rnun. As a pleasant, effective and perfectly aaf'e cnt li tlo aemedy It Is superior to castor on, cormai tSyrnpa. It does not contain alcuuoi, ana la aaap Ity regulating thestomach and nowelBof croaai utoHly clitltl rn they become good natnre healthy. They can entoy siieoi ana moinera n resit.. The Castoria is put up at flia Laberatory ol Kose Co., 46 Uey street, cw ora. jn o FOUTY TEARS KKFOKE THE PCBLIO, DR. C. MSLANE'S I'ELEliUATEH LIVER i'iiLS, run tiii: ciki; tf Hepatitis or Liver Complaint, UYSI'KI'SIA ANU SICK HEADACHE. Symptoms ol" a Diseased Liver. 1JA1N in the right side, under th edge of the ribs, incrcascson pres sure; sometimes the pain is in the let side; the patient b rarely able to li on the left side ; sometimes the pai is felt under the shoulder-blade, an it frequently extends to the top o the shoulder, and is sometimes mi; taken for a rheumatism in the arm The stomach is affected with loss o appetite and sickness ; the bowels i general are costive, sometimes altei native with lax ; the head is troublct with pain, accompanied with a dull heavy sensation in the back pari 1 here lsgcnera.ly a considerable lo: of memory, accompanied with a pain ful sensation of having left undon rorr.cthing which ought to have bee done. A slight, dry cough is somd times an attendant, lhe paticn complains of weariness and debility he in easily startled, his feet arc col cr burning, and he complains of . rrickly sensation of the skin; hi spirits arc low; and although kc i satisfied that exercise would be bene ficial to him, yet he can scarce! rumrr.on up fortitude enough to tr it. Li fact, he distrusts every rem cdy. Several of the above symi tor.r, r.ltend the disease, but cascj have occurred where few of them cj: istcd, yet examination of the body after death, has shown the Livnrt t have been extensively deranged. AGUE AND FEVER. Dr. C. McLane's Liver Pill? rt cAr.rs of Acur. and Fever, v. he: ta!:cn with Quinir.earc producliv cf the r.:cct heppy rcailts. Nobctte cathartic can be used, preparatory to, or after taking Quinine. WJ would advirc dl who arc afiiictct with this disease to give them t TAIR TRIAL. For all Lilious derangements, ant as a simple purgative, they arc un equaled. . . EEWAUE OP IMITATIOXS.' The genuine Dr. C. McLane's Liver Tills arc never suq;ar coated Every box has a red wax seal or the lid, with the impression Dr M. Lane's Liver Tills. The genuine MVLane's Liver Tills bear the sitmaturcs cf C MtLAKE and Fleming Ekos. cn thd wrappers. tsar insibt cn your ilruggiit or storekeeper giving you the genuine Tlo. P. Mfl.avr'c T ivrn T,. . pared by Fleming Ercs., Titkburgh, Tx Sold by all respectable druggists anu country storekeepers generally, T those .hinC to fa pn. C. MTairi-Jf Lnraa IIlu a trial, ve ,U ! mi n ..J part t,f the failed States, one box of lilia for tacnty-Bvccentv t LEMIXG BROS.. Pittsburg. Pa. MMA jfc n 4PKMAR, lirst-riass Blank Boots, Printing & Stationery, West of U Court House Ottawa, Did