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The Ottawa free trader. [volume] (Ottawa, Ill.) 1843-1916, October 22, 1881, Image 4

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OTTAWA FliEK TRAD
Eli; SATURDAY, ( )GTOBER 2. 1881.
ffye grader.
Ottawa, 111., Saturday, Octubei 2, 1881.
tundallurMIOJIIniK Ottawa, HI., tit Second Clan
Mail Matter.
OUB CLUBBING
We are prepared to club the Fkkk Tkadkh
with thcfollowingpublications.iurnishingboth
it tne prices named, postage prepaid. The
offer open to old subscribers or new at any
post office in the county is the ciikapkst
ITER MADE in this COUUty:
Fail Trader and Chicago Weekly Time.. MM
Fkbb Tbadeb aud Chicago Weekly Tri'mrte. a.H5
Fuss Trader and Chicago Weekly Inter-
Ocean 2.05
Fkbb Trader and Chicago Weekly Journal. '
7heb Trader and St. Louis llcpMican 2.'i5
Fbbb Trader and St. Louis Globe-Democrat. S.'VS
Free Trader and N. Y. Weekly llerabt.... 2.50
Fbeb Trader and American Aarieulturtit. .. 2. IK)
Fres Trader and Prairie Farmer !1.00
Ires Tbadeb and either of Harper's publi
cations Frbb Trader and Scribner 4.75
Fbbb Tbadeb and Gorfey' Lailut' Hook 3.00
Frbb Trader and Phrenological Journal.... 3.00
Fbeb Trader and S'(. XkhaUu S.'.to
Frbb Trader and IktnnreC Monthly 3.7.1)
Free Thader and LitteW Living Aye 8.26
Frbb Trader and Wtttern Rural 3.00
Fbbb Trader and Moore' liural Xew Yorker 3.50
Diphtheria is alarmingly prevalent at Lncon,
in this state, fays the Home Journal.
"Chester A. Arthur, president of the United
States by the grace of winning a prize in the
'lottery of assassination'." Edmund.
It is now David Davis that seems to hold
the winning ticket in Senator Edmunds's Re
publican "lottery of assassination."
"I ana a stalwart of the stalwarts!" exclaim
ed Guitcau when he made Arthur president.
"I am a trimmer of the trimmers! "is the next
president maker.
Louis A. Wiltz, Governor of Louisiana,
died at his home in New Orleans on Sunday
morning of consumption. lie is succeeded in
the ofllce by Lieut. Gov. Hamuel D. McEnery,
The great argument against the continued
coinage ot silver, "because nobody wants it,"
is answered by the assistant treasurer at Bos
ton, who says the demand for the last two
months has been in excess of the supply.
As a matter of personal sani ty President
Arthur no doubt Is well pleased with the selec
tion of David Davis as the next possible
president. There is no Guiteau crazy enough
to think of killing Arthur to put the moun
tainous Illinois senator in his place.
The new Indiana liquor law, soon to go in
to effect, fines dealers who sell liquor to drunk
ards for the first and second ollcnse and sub
jects them to imprisonment uml disfranchise
ment for the third or subsequent offenses; nnd
persons guilty of drunkenness are served ex
actly in the same way.
The Garfield fund Cyrus W. Field announces
closed, the total amount of mi bumptious re
ceived and paid to the U. S. Trust Company
for Mrs. Garfield being $;)70,:M."). With this
amount $:I00,000 U. S. 4 per cent, registerd
bonds have been purchnsed at a cost of $1118,
008, leaving a cash balance of $ll,:i7fJ, all of
which, bonds and cash, have been handed over
to Mrs. Garfield.
About three hundred ex-Union prisoners ol
war met at Springfield on Wednesday in re
sponse to nn invitation to hold a reunion
there. Exactly what they met for, unless to
give the hotel and saloon keepers of that city
a benefit, nobody seemed able to tell. Gen.
McCIcrnand made a speech to them, the gist
ot which appears to have been an attempt to
ding it into their heads that the war was over.
A mysterious fire, evidently of incendiary
origin, was discovered on the Cunard steamer
Bothnia, lying at her pier in New York, lai-t
Sunday morning. The fire had been kindled
in the passage way aft the main saloon, and
was extinguished before much damage wm
done. Bottles filled with inflammable sub
stances were lound where the fire broke out.
All conjecture is at fuult as to the inceudaries.
A number of hands were discharged from the
vessel the day before, and these are partly sus
pected, but in the absence of anybody else up
on whom definitely to fasten the crime, it Is
laid, of course, to the Fenians.
Professor Ring, the aeronaut, who with a
companion made an ascension from Chicago
in his big balloon on Thursday of last week,
and after rising a mile in the air sailed ofi' to
warJs the southwest, has not been heard from
since, unless he was really seen, as is claimed,
on Friday morning passing over Melrose, a
town about '.'0 miles east of La Crosse, Wis ,
moving towards St. Paul; or, as is again
claimed, he was seen on Wednesday morning
passibg over Geneseo, III. While these sup
posed glimpses of his balloon may justify
hopes of his safety, there is a general fear that
King and his companion have gone to join
Donaldson and Wise In the realms of the
mysterious unknown.
P. S. A dispatch yesterday stated that the
balloomsts had landed on Tuesday in the
woods of Wisconsin, and after a hard tramp
and nearly starving to death had arrived safe
on Thursday night at Chippewa Falls.
A rather interesting experiment upon the
virtue and intelligence of tLe republican party
ot Pennsylvania is just now beingmadeby
Jlr. Cbas. S. Wolfe, independent republican
candidate for state treasurer. Hitherto the
party in that state has been regarded as a sort
of ieudal serfdom of the Camerons, father and
eon. In 187J three-fourths of the party were
for Blaine, but my lord Cameron went to Cin
cinnati and Bold them out to Hayes; in 1880
the same three-fourths were again wild for
Blaine, but their feudal lord went to Chicago
and transferred them to Grant In 1879 the
party bad elected a legislature two-thirds of
which was onti-Cameron, but when the time
"came to elect a U. 8. Senator, they were coral
led like cattle in support of the Cameron can
didate; and a month or two ago, when the
party had sent 800 delegates to a state conven
tion, 200 of whom were Instructed to nominate
tiie anU-Cfsnefon candidate Davies for state
treasurer, they were again corallcd in the ring
pes at Hai rlsburg and made to vote for Bailey,
the candidate of boss Cameron.
Mr. Wolfe now comes forward and proposes
to try whether there is virtue and manhood
enough in the republican party of the Keystone
stat to throw off the Cameron tdiackles. De
feat Hailey by an overwhelming vote, and he
thinks the thing is done. It is true, it may
give one officer for a year or two to the demo
crats, but it will show at least the impotency
of the Cameron ring, and that there is decency
and manhood enough left in the party to justi
fy its further existence as a political organiza
tion.
DAVID DAVIS.
Considering that the body of thy republican
papers and leaders seemed to agree, on the elec
Hon of Senator Bayard as President pro tern
of the senate by the democrats, that it was bet
ter for the republicans to have a man in the
chair about whose position there was no doubt
than it man about whom they knew nothing,
the subsequent ousting of Bayard by the same
republicans and putting Davis in his place
certainly has an unpleasant look. When, last
spring, the democrats first, and then the repub
licans, oflered Davis the chairmanship of the
judiciary committee, he declined both tenders,
saying solemnly, "I can accept no honor at the
hands ot either side;" but being indebted for
his seat in the senate to the democrats, he felt
under obligations to vote with that party la
the election of senate officers and the organiza
tion of the committees.
It wa evident, however, when the senate
met two weeks ago, and the democratic caucus
decided, instead of electing David Davis presl
dent pro tern., to elect Bayard, a man about
whose position they were in no doubt, that
Mr. Davis had changed his mind in regard to
the "obligation" he had felt himself under in
spring to vote with the democrats in the or
ganization, and he voted witn the republicans
on Edmund's motion to admit the New York
and IJhodo Island senators before proceeding
to the election of a president pro tern.; and
when that motion was voted down and the elec
tion went on, he sulked away, refusing to ote
for either Bayard or Anthony.
Now how is this strange inconsistency be
tween Senator Davis last spring and Senator
Davis to day to be accounted for except as the
effect of a "presidential bee in his bonnet?"
The democrats had lost his favor by refusing
to humor his weakness in that direction, and
he was surly towards the republicans for the
same reason. He was not oblivious, however.
it is easy to imagine, of the growing tendency
of the latter party to coalesce with any odds
and ends which happen to be lying around
looso for the sake of temporary success, and it
is as easy to imagine how the leaders of a par
ty which was capable of entering into such an
abnormal coalition as that by which they se
cured Mahone, would not be slow to approach
the morose, discontented, bulky senator from
Illinois on his side where the "bee was buz-
zing" with alike questionable overtures. Any.
how, when the movement was made by the re
publican leaders to oust Bayard, Davis could
have stopped it by a negative vote, which he
failed to give, and the surprising failure is ful
ly accounted for by the next step, which was
to place David Davis in the chair from winch
his vote, or rather failure to vote, had ousted
James A. Bayard.
Well much good may it do him. The
presidential bee in his bonnet is so far grati
fied that it places the life of but one inau be
tween him and a temporary occupancy of the
presidential chair, but it is safe to say that that
is as near as he will ever come to the summit
of his ambition. Of course. In view of his
late action, tho democrats have done with him,
aud he can never be their candidate, nor is it
within the rango of reasonable probability
that one who in the last few years has so otten
and sharply and bitterly arraigned the repub
lican party, can ever be accepted as their lead-
er. let tie lias placed himself comti etelv in
their power. However stoutly he may protest
that in accepting the presidency of the senate
at their hands he "assumes no party obliga
tions," he cannot be so stupid as not to know,
assuming that he has gone through the Ma
honing process untramelled, that if at any
tune he puts himself in antagonism to their
wheats, they will no more hesitato to take him
out of the chair and put Anthony in than they
hesitated to oust Bayard for his sake. Davis,
it !s evident, never accepted the chair w ithout
some provision against the humiliation of,
tumbling into such it pitfall, nnd that can only
involve his making himself the creature of
the republicans to obey their commands, and
browse henceforth in their close. So having'
made his bed, may he have joy in ity keeping.
Yale, David Davis.
THE YORKTOWN CELEBRATION.
Anything like the merest outline of the post
weeks' pageant at Yorktown in honor of the
surrender of Cornwalhs at that dilapidated vil
lage just one hundred years ago, would of
course be impossible in the space at our com
mand. It must suffice to say that the pageant,
though massive and gorgeous enough, really
Tell far short of what had been anticipated for
it One reason for this was the unpropitious
state of the weather, being excessively hot and
dusty up to Wednesday and after that wet,
chilly and uncomfortable. Tfie navy was out
in force, full up to promise, seven huge men of
war being drawn up in front of Yorktown on
Tuesday morning, with other shipping run
nlug into hundreds of steamers, ships, and oth
er water craft. Of the 20,000 soldiers expected
not over ten thousand appeared, and of the 1",
000 free masons promised less than half the
number were present. Nor was the rush of
visitors anything like what was expected.
Aside from the military, free masons, Invited
guests, Ac, 10,000 would Iks a big figure for
the 50,000 so confidently looked for. All the
preliminary programme before the 17th, such
as the formal opening of the Moore House on
the 13th, with an address by the Hon. John
Goode; the address of Carl Scburz and others
on the 14th, the national rcgetta on the 15th;
the Japanese fire works In the evening; the
observances in honor of Cornwall's flag of
truce on the 10th, Ac, Ac., were omitted.
The celebration in no part really opened be
fore the 17th, which was nsbered in by an ar
tillery salute. At 10 o'clock the Governor of
Virginia held his reception at Lafayette Hall ;
and at 1 o'clock, on the arrival of President
Arthur and hiscabinet.the ceremonies of laying
the corner stone of the monument by the ma
sonic fraternity was commenced. They were
long and tedious, and the heat was so intense
that three fourths of the spectators left before
they were concluded. The Grand Master wore
the sash and apron presented to George Wash
Ington by Gen. Lafayette, and the prayer was
made by a grandson of Gov. Nelson, who com
manded the Virginia militia at the ncge of
Yorktown. Secretary Blaine, with the French
guests, though in the harbor, did not, for some
reason, attend the corner stone ceremonies, and
the improbable story is told that the French
guests were soured and jealous because more
attention had been shown the German guests,
since their arrival in the country, then them
selves. The second day's celebration was chiefly
notable for the gathering of all the notabilities
at Lafayette Hall, and speeches by President
Arthur, Max Gutray of the French delegation
in French, and Baron Steuben in German.
Though according to tho programme the
ceremonies were to be prolonged until Friday
evening, they were really brought to a close
on Thursday, with something like anaval dis
play in the bay, cuding with a salute of the
flag of Great Britain.
Gen. Hancock seems to have been the lion
of the celebration, and except to the compara
tively few of the thousands present who were
comfortably provided for on board the ship
ping or in special structures on shore, the
whole three or four days seem to have been a
season of endless discomfort.
BLOOD !
Politics are up to boiling heat in the Old
Dominion, having reached that stage when
reason and argument no longer avail and
questions of controversy are settled not ex
actly in the old puritan tashion, by apostolic
blows and knocks, but by coffee and pistols,
in accordance with the miscalled "code of hon
or." I he controversy which could only b2 de
cided by the wage of battle arose over certain
letters written by one Blair, the re-adjuster
candidate for attorney general, said letters
showing that Blair was carrying water on two
shoulders. Blair brought to book said the
letters were forgeries, while his neighbors
swore they were genuine. Discussing the
poiut, State Senator Biddleberger and con
gressman George 1). Wise found words so in
adequate to the solution of the point at issue
that the word "liar" was passed, followed by
a challenge to mortal combat. The two met
ten miles north of Richmond early last Satur
day morning and exchanged three shots at ten
paces, carefully missing each other, however,
upon which their friends decided that "honah"
was satisfied, and the belligerents shook hands,
vowing eternal friendship henceforth and for
ever thereafter. One U. F. Beirne. a Rich
mond editor, who had taken part in the con
troversy and had been invited by Riddleberger
to the same matinee, witnessing his joy on es
caping Wise's bullets, was good enough to
forego his privilege of taking a shot at Rid-
dleberger's carcass nnd permitted a police
olicer, who was conveniently at hand, to stay
a prolongation of tho sport by a judicious
arrest.
But a more notable duel than the above,
growing out of tho Virginia campaign, was
that which loomed up about the same time
between Gen. Jubal A. Early and the redoubt
able Gen. Mahone. Early, in a speech some
where in Virginia, with no less bluntness
than truth, had denounced Mahone as a mis
erable "liar and coward." Time, occasion
and circumstances were such that Mahone was
obliged to take notice of the speech and every
body expected, of course, he would send Early
a challenge. But he didn't. For fenr he
might do so he had himself promptly arrested,
and then published a card in which he said he
could obtain no satisfaction by fighting Gen.
Early and had concluded to let him proceed
with his insults with impunity. Gen. Early is
verging upon 80 years, and is infirm of body,
but stout in heart as ever, and as willing to
fight as eat. Mahone evidently has no taste
to become his target.
DAMAGING FLOODS.
The heavy rains in Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Iowa and Illinois during the past week have
caused renewed destructive floods along the
upper Mississppl from St. Paul to Keokuk
At the latter city the water was two inches
higher on Wednesday than during the high
water last spring. The Wabash and Rock Is
land railroads were a foot under water, and a
general suspension of work in the railroad
shops and round houses became necessary.
At Clinton all the saw mills and paper mills
had to shut down, and numerous buildings
hud to be vacated. Hundreds of tons of hay
on the bottom lands were swept away and
thousands of acres of corn a-e ruined.
Above 2uincy the Warsaw levee, which re-
claims 17,000 acres of land, broke on Wednes
day, the water rapidly spreading over the coun
try. A large proportion of the land wasown
in winter wheat, all of which is ruined. A
great deal ot corn shared the destruction and
the loss of the farmers in buildings, stock, Ac,
is immense.
But the most serious loss is from the renew
ed breaking of the Sny levee below (Juiney.
The break occurred about two miles above
Scott's Landing, the crevasse on Wednesday
evening being 200 feet wide. The flood will
prove more disastrous than it was in spring.
A largely incrtoxed acreage in winter wheat
has been gown, which was growing finely, and
promised an immense yield. The large corn
crop on tho bottom lands had not yet been se
cured, and hundreds of thousand of bushels
will be lost; and, to add to the general deduc
tion, the rise of the river has conic upon the
people so suddenly and so unexpectedly that
the bottoms are still full of tattle, horses, and
other live stock. It will lie impossible to save
either grain or the live stock, and in niBny
cases, the farmers will lose even their house
hold effects.
At yulncy the water on Wednesday was five
inches above high watr mark last spring.
The railroad freight houses are surrounded by
water and the freight was being removed to
Hannibal and St Joeph. Across the nver
from Qulticy the low lands aro all inundated
to the blull's, seven miles from the river. Al
most all the inhabitants have tied to that city
or have moved to the blull's. Many hogs nnd
cattle have been drowned, and many more
killed by railroad trains, the animals going on
the embankment, that being the only ground
that can be found above water.
On Thursday the river was falling at St.
Paul and down as far as Dubuque nnd on a
stand below that, so that the flood has doubt
less passed Its height. At St. Louis and below
the rise was not sufficient to cause any alarm.
ENGLAND'S SECURITY.
t
Gladstone spoke the simple truth when, in
the course of his late speech at Leeds, he said :
"So long as America adheres to protection our
commercial supremacy will be secure. We
need not disturb ourselves the slightest on that
score. Compared with America and Oermany
we have now man for man thrice tho amount
of trade they have." America needs no for
eign trade now because times are so brisk,
immigration so heavy, and the general pros
perity so marked that our manufacturers can
find a home market for all their products.
But such times cannot last forever indeed
they have never lasted over a few years at a
time heretofore, being closely followed by
severe revulsions in trade, shrinkage in values,
lowering of wages and inability to buy, with
enormous stocks on hand, to be miscalled the
results ot "overproduction." It is then the
hardships of our tariff exactions become ap
parent. Had our manufacturers been compel
led to keep up something like a fair compe
tition with England and Germany, they would
now be in a condition to treat lightly the loss
of their home market, and could ship their
goods, in competition with Europe, to all
parts ot the world. There would be no need
to turn loose hundreds of thousands of opera
tives in a day to add to the distress, but they
could be kept at work manufacturing for the
foreign trade; and whatever smaller profits
the manufacturers might reap would be more
than made up by the increased activity the
situation would impart to our carrying trade
and shipping lutcresU. It is exactly this that
has enabled England to recover so rapidly and
completely from her industrial depression and
enormous agricultural losses of the last year
or two. Her ship-builders are reveling in
prosperity, and her carrying trade has increas
ed at such an enormous rate that tho enforced
idleness of her peasantry is Insufficient to
meet the demands of her merchant marine
for dock hands and sailors. Our high tariff
system aflords us no such outlet in times of
industrial depression, crop failures and com
mercial revulsion. The "overproduction" on
hand has cost too much to be sent abroad ex
cept at a ruinous loss, and cheapness in pro
duction has been so little studied that compe
tition with European manufacturers is out of
the question until, after years of suffering, a
new race ol manufacturers has been schooled
to the point where, with improved muchinery
and nppliancc9, they can enter upon uneven
competition with the rest ot the world.
WASHINGTON NOTES.
The President and cabinet having gone to
Yorktown on Monday, accompanied by most
ot the senate, and not returned until yesterduy,
of course the week at Washington has been
rather dull and devoid of news items.
Guitcau was formally arraigned in the dis
trict court on the 14th. He had been summon
ed unexpectedly and looked scared, appre
hending an attack upon him, but such precau
lions had been taken that bis transfer from
the jiil to the court room was knowu to lew.
He entered the plea of not guilty and desired
to make a statement, but the judge refused to
hear him. The prosecution desired to goon
with the trial at once, but Mr. Scovllle, Gui
teau's attorney, intimating that the defence
would be want of jurisdiction of the court and
malpractice of the physicians, insisted that
he must have time to gt w itnesses, Ac. The
court fixed the IWth inst. to heur he question
of jurisdiction and the 7th of November to
begin the trial.
.John Sherman has evidently received some
comforting assurances from Secretary Windoin
in regard to the report made to him by the
committee of treasury officials who investiga
ted custodian Pitney's case, which report is
said to have contained some very damaging
Hems in regard to Sherman himself as secre
tary of the treasury, or is playing a bold game
of bluff. For on Friday of lint week, ami
again on Monday, he, vociferously demanded
in the senate that a copy of the reiort, which
Windoin was said to have suppressed out of
tenderness to Sherman, should be transmitted
to that body. Tho fierceness of Sherman
seems to have been construed by Edmunds in
to an invitation for somebody to seize him by
the coat-tail, or perhaps it was so pre-arranged
-at all events, the latter promptly objected
to the consideration of the resolution, and it
went over indefinitely.
Postmaster General James having declined
peremptorily to remain in the new cabinet. It
is now said to be settled that it will be consti
tuted about as follows: Frelinghuysen for
secretary of state; Judge Folger for secretary
of tho treasury; Robert T. Lincoln, war; Gen
Edw. S. Beale, navy; T. O. Howe, postmaster
general ; A. A. Sargent, of California, interior
department; and B. II. Brewster, of Philadel
phia, attorney general.
The chief excitement of the week In Wash
ington has been over tho invitation the presi
dent has given assistant P. M. General Tyner
to step down and out. It grows out of the star
route business, P. M. Geucral James having
intimated to Arthur that there would be no
effective prosecution of the star route thieves
while Tyner was in the ofllce to cover up their
tracks. Tyner is foiming over with wrath,
but his head is undoubtedly as good as off.
Judge Jameson, of Chicago, instructs his
grand jury to indict all operators on the board
of trade who buy or sell grain for future deliv
ery, "where the intent of tho parties Is clear
that there shall le no delivery of the commod
ity sold, but only a payment ot differences by
the party losing upa the rims or fall of the
market" the plain English of which is, that
dealing n options the main business or that
vast gambling Institution known as the Chica-
go Board of Trade, and tho thousand minor
gambl ing institutions known as "bucket shops"
Is criminal and as such indictable, and the
jury are instructed to make inquest and bring
in true bills against all persons found engaged
in that species of gambling. There was perhaps
never in the history of criminal jurisprudence
a grand jury charged with a bigger job. To
carry out Judge Jameson's instructions would
involve the Indictment and punishment often
thousand Chicago "business men," and fill her
jails with tho "best blood of the city." A large
proportion of the wealthy men of Chicago have
madetheir money by fleecing country "green
lea' through the machinery of the Board of
Irado and its cognate "bucket shops," and to
close these up would be a deathblow to the
biggest and most profitable end of the city's
business.
FOREIGN.
i summary of tho news from Ireland up to
Tuesday is given on the 7th page of to-day's
t kkk Thadkii. To bring it down to yester
day it remains to add, that the city of Dublin
was proclaimed on the 18th, all the citizens
being warned to remain at home after dark
The liquor shops are ordered closed at dark,
and the telegraph offices to be kept open all
night for the transmission of military orders.
The executive board of the land league have
ordered a general strike against paying rent,
and it looks as if their order would be largely
obeyed, though archbishop Croke enters a sol
emn protest against it. Mr. Biggar has gone
to England.
The garrison at Limerick has been strength
ened by a regiment, and large bodies of mili
tary and police patrol the streets.
The laud-league receipts from America were
nearly $9,000 last week, and Miss Parnell ca
bles her mother Hot to return to Ireland, as
she w ould be of more service to the cause in
the United States. The Land league offices
in Dublin have not yet been closed. The
Land league has been proclaimed a criminal
organization, and its meetings will be dispers
ed by force. Two hundred tenants of a large
estate near Neaugh have paid their rents. The
land court opened at Dublin with a largo at
tendance, nnd the announcement was made
that the fee tor entering proceedings would be
only one shilling. Mitchel Henry, M. P. for
Galway, oilers his tenants a reduction of 15 to
'.20 per cent, ou part-due rents, and expresses
tho hope that they will settle cheerfully. Wil
liam Dorris, who was left in charge of the
Land league, has been imprisoned at Duudalk.
A most destructive hurricane visited Eng
land on the 14th, causing wide devastation
both on land and to shipping. The London
parks are strewn with fallen trees, many boats
were aground in the Thames, and steamboat
traffic was suspended for several days. Severe
damage was inflicted to property in all parts
of England and Ireland, reports of persons
killed were numerous and of many injured.
Upwards of fifty Berwickshire smacks were
at sea during the storm, and it is feared that
most have been lost. It is reported that twen
ty fisherman were drowned at Dunbar, nnd
three pilots were drowned in the Tyne.
The hurricane extended to France, Germany
and the Netherlands. Eichtv-five vessels.
principally British, were lost off the const of
the United Kingdom. Fifty-nine fishermen
belonging to Burnmouth and Eyemouth are
known to have been drowned, and 140 others
belonging to both places are missing.
The storai also did great damage on the
North German coast. Five vessels were
wrecked at Bremen and several at Altona.
The pope, at Rome, on Monday, seated on
the throne of St. Peter's cathedral, received
two thousand Italian pilgrims. His holiness
was enthusiastically greeted. Replying to an
address, he renewed his declaration that he
could never accept accomplished facts without
falling in his duty. A deplorable state of af
fairs placed before him the alternative of en
during perpetual captivity, made harder daily,
or of going into exile. He therefore asked the
Catholics to watch and pray for the liberty and
independence of the pope. He concluded by
saying he was no longer secure in his palace,
that he was outraged in his person and dignity
in a thousand ways. The gravity and earnest
ness of the pope msde a profound Impression.
He closed his address w ith his arms raised to
heaven, as though imploring help. The pope
looked thin, worn, and anxious. A gang ol
roughs pelted the pilgrims while they were
leaving the Church ot St. Vitale, shouting:
Down with the Vatican."
Washington City Is in a tremor over a big
scandal in w hich Congressman John B. Hark
of .Missouri and his wifeare the prominent fig
ures. Like the oleagmou C'hristiancy, the
Missouri M. C. was trapped into marrying a
pretty treasury girl or woman, a fascinating
young widow named Mrs. C. Jacoby Weil. He
accuses her of infidelity and charges that in
company with disreputable men she has been
in the habit, night after night, of visiting sa
loons and other bad places about the city and
coming home during the "wee sma' hours" in
a state of beastly intoxication, w herefore he
seeks to turn her out of house and home and
institutes proceedings for a divorce. The lady,
on the other hand, is out in a card insisting
stoutly that every allegation against her by her
husband is false "and the allegator knows it."
On the contrary she has tried her best to live
with him as a loving, faithful wife, has never
been outside of the house at night except in his
company, and never met any gentlemen at her
house or out of it. But her husband is a slave
to drink, is frequently intoxicated, and when
in that condition invariably beats and abuses
her in the most shameful manner, a week ago
while intoxicated treating her with such vlo
lence that she was obliged to consult a lawyer
as to a means of self protection.
Moke Comet! Prof. Klein, of Louisville
claims to have discovered a new comet in the
heavens that overlays all the numerous other
stellar vagrants discovered this year. It is a
double comet, or comets, attended with nine
smaller ones, all in a circle, closely resemb
ling one of Saturn's rings. Ho thinks they
are the comet of 1845-6, supposed to have been
destroyed, but which is now revolving in very
nearly its old orbit, in fragments. Unfortun
ately Prof. Klein fails to tell in what quarter
of the heavens to look for this singular phe
nomenon.
COST OF TRANSPORTATION.
A note Is made of tho fact, by the Chicago
organ rf the rail road interests, that a nronel-
ler um4u a contract at that city a week ago to
take 40,000 bushels of corn from Chicago to
Buffalo at the rateot half a cent per bushel,
while in other cases vessels have offered to
carry corn to Buffalo for nothing as ballast,
but that shippers preferred to send their corn
by rail at 6 els. per bushel from Chicago to
New York. There is no doubt that farmers
are indebted, as the Iiailtray Age claims, for
these preposterously low rates to the railroads,
or rather to tho temporary " war of rates"
among the trunk lines; but suppose, as Is al
ways to bo supposed, the trunk lines ohould
come to an agreement on rates and there was
no water route open to compete w ith them, as
so ofteu happens in winter, where then would
be your six cents a bushel summer rate from
Chicago to New York! It is to be borne in
mind that an agreement among the trunk line
on rates is the rule and a " war of rates" the
rare exception ; and while no doubt a war ot
rates is as good as a competing water route to
keep down freights it Is not by a thousand
to one so reliable. It would still be the height
of folly for the people to allow themselves, by
the present accidentally low rates of rbilroad
freights, to be deluded into consent to drying
up the water routes.
Still there is no doubt the cost of transport
ation has been so enormously decreased in the
last few years by railroads that, as money mak
ing enterprises, tho water routes have abun
dant reason to bo discouraged. As the Rail-
road Age puts it: "The employment of steel
for rails instead of inm has changed the condi
tion of the carrying trade, and tho railway
will carry the bulk of merchandise whicn has
to be moved to market. And yet, while the
railway has reduced the cost of transportation
to a minimum, the shortsighted farmers are
meeting in conventions and denouncing rail
ways ns the oppressors of the producers!"
HOME MATTERS.
Pernonal.
Pouter Sam Porter, of the cxpr!HB ofllce, Is
resting at Goodland, Ind.
Bowman. IV. E. Bowman's mothurand sister
liuve been his guests since Thursday.
Qcixx, Thos. Qulun, of Smurr's, has returned
to his post after a siege of malarial fever.
Fked. Fred Srnltb, who has keen for some
months In Chicago, was home this week.
Clark. Miss Clark, of Utlca, read at Mar
seilles last Friday evening with decided success.
Trark. R. II. Trask fell from a box the other
day and has since been nursings sprained ankle.
Kcsii. Everett Butterlleld has decided that
medicine is his forte, and left this week for the
"Kush Medical" at Chicago.
Wallace. C. II. Wallace and daughters, May
mid J u lift, of Haiku Maui, Sandwich Islands, are
the guests of Mrs. Gen. Wallace.
Rcsskll. Mrs. Chas. Russell has returned
home from Kenosha, accompanied by her moth
er. Her brother, Father English, of Omaha, is
also in Ottawa.
Sherwood. -Geo. S. Sherwood, a few years ago
one of tho popular young men about Ottawa,
died at WappiHges Falls, N. Y., on last Friday,
at about 130 years of age.
Olmsted. Dr. A. T. Olmsted's (dentist) card
appears elsewhere. The Doctor had intended
to spend the winter at Ann Arbor, Mich., but
has changed his plans and will remain in Otta
wa. He may be found at his ofllce at all busi
ness hours.
Bull. A Mecdota paper says that Capt. Geo.
W. Bell, formerly of the town of Harmon, Lee
county, was married on Thursday night of last
week at Fleasantville, Iowa, to Miss Mary E.
Covington. Capt. Bell formerly edited the A'mm
at that place.
Cabew. James Carew has become the happy
owner of the young stallion "Messenger Gold
Dust," by "Messenger Gold Dust," by old "Gold
Duet." He is a line sorrel, of fine size and ac
tion, and of baudsome build. Mr. Carew picked
him up in Wisconsin.
J. D. U. Our friend J. D. H.'s Interesting let
ter on Deer Park is published on the 2d page.
He left Chicago In company with his "boss" for
a tour through New Mexico, Colorado, and pos
sibly Ariiona and California. He has promised
us a series of letters from that region, if time
will permit.
Gone. Frit Prett, Streator: "Charles E. Ste
phens, who for the last ten years has been the
efficient and popular secretary of the C. W. A V.
coal company at this place, has received notice
that he Is wanted In the general office of the com
pany at Chicago, and he will go there In a short
time to enter upon his duties."
Yexteii. Fruiik Yenter, for some time pact
in railroad ofliecs in Peoria, lias returned to Ot
tawa and taken the position of book-keeper for
J. E. Porter. Frank is an excellent young man;
and it will be gratifying to his friends to see him
scttwl with a house like Mr. Porter's, is which
hiaJTilities will be recognized, and where he
will have plenty of opportunities to grow with a
house that Is extending its business year by
year.
Watts. The following, from the Alton TVfc
jniK will be interesting reading In this neigh
borhood: "William II. Watts, traveling with
Abner Strawn's sheep, of Ottawa, 111., had a
great responsibility resting on him at the St.
Louis fair, being appointed judge of over 500
Southdown, Oxford and Shropford sheep; and
wc are happy to say he gave satisfaction. Mr.
Watts is a son of Mr. Jos. Watts, of Ottawa, and
a nephew of our esteemed friend, Wm. Watts, of
Godfrey."
Harris. Our energetic friend, J. B. Harris,
though "cleaned out" by the late fire, is again
hard at work making his excellent Millstone
Dressers. He Is now at Stormont's Foundry, but
will soon have a new Novelty Machine Works of
his own. The millers of the world (and thou
sands of them in all parts of It know him or his
work) who have used or want to get his Dress
ers, as well as the people of Ottawa, will note his
new beginning with satisfaction.
Simmons. Ttrry Simmons, in a manly card in
bis paper, the Marseilles riairuloilrr, announces
Limsclf as a candidate for postmaster at that
place, if the people, desire a change of officers.
We have in the past had much to do with Mr.
Simmons In a business way and have found him
straightforward, honest and faithful in all things;
and are sure the people of Marseilles could do no
better for postmaster than by taking Mr. Sim
mons, if any change is to oe made. Further, he
bas servel the people most of the time for six
years as poetofllce clerk, and is familiar with all
the necessary duties of the ofllce.
Lkigiwok. Mr. J. H. Lelghton. down with
fever, is improving rapidly. It will ba some
weeks still before the boys will allow him to run
the risk of returning to his work. By ths way,
when he has entirely recovered, his father, tern-

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