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OTTAWA FREE TRADER; SATURDAYJDECKMBEK 31, mi.
4 i uir4, III., Uturilay, UncambPi 31.1881. km ii tfif I'nit O 1r 'it OUnti, M ar Str.ond Claim Hail Vatvr. OUR CLUBBING vVe wo pp pared to club tho Fkkb Tuadkk with the lollowingputilieutionsaumishing both ki rue prices named, postage prepaid. The Q.fcr 4tH"i to onl subscribers or new at nny p ist Ol!l.?i! Ill 'llO County IS the CHEAl'KST KVKU mib ill this county: KHfc fitAiui t ami Chicago Weekly Timf. .fr2.r!5 FS3 Tb'.oku una onicuifo Weekly Triliurv. 2.A.1 Vul'i Tuincii umi 1,'lilciiiro Weekly Inter : : Frkk Ttumsu ttnri Chloi','o Weekly Journal. 2l. Faun Tkahk.i ond t. Louis llcpWiiican Fkes TuAnwi and flt I.oiiIh OMte-lhinorrat. Freb TiunKit and S. V. Weekly ficra'd.... Fbisb Tiiaukk .i.od Awrriran A.'i-i'iillnrM. .. FKHJ TkaDEII ."id Prairie Farnur . Frub TitADtit uuC cither of Ha. per's publi. CUliollh L'kbb TiiaI'KH umi Scrilmer Fkrb Tiiaoek and (Mey'i fault?' tank Free TiUl'Eit sunl Phr, Hnlaylm! Journal Fkkb Tiivitk nnil .S'f. Xiehla Freb TiiAunn and l)nmrcC Monthly Freb Tkaukk i.ihI l.iWlVn Lviwj Aye. Vho Tkahkii aiuI W'ultrn ii'trat 2.11.1 s.o: 2.50 2.fH) 3.00 4.75 4.7.1 8.00 :t.(H) H.'.Hl .'i.7.1 H.IK) Kbbh Tiudhb riiJ Muvt' t K'ira .Veto Yvrb r 3.50 Tliii Mississippi river is still open to St. Paul, ami dm steamer Kuby has gone up for a cargo of flour. Tho total number of immigrants nrrivin.tr nt New York fur the year will be about .110,0(10. It is estimated thr.t $',',.'500,000 wiw paid out for Inland transportation, and that $!,000,000 in Com was brought over ly I tie new-comers. The St. Louis Gluhe-fieiiuirrnt is one of the first to kick the sleeping lion, Blaine, under the- mistaken impression that ho is dead. It respectfully alludes to him as "Guano Jim." "He is a magnificent contrast to Hayes at any rate," tries a stal nrt journal anent Ar thur. To which the Chicago riiw cruelly adds: "This is hardly doing Arthur justice. Any robust person, not an idiot or an untaxed Indian, would be a nmtrniflcent contrast to the gentleman from Fremont." The smallpox pest Is still raging at an alarm ing rate in Chicago. The pant week has aver aged about twelve new cases a day, while the hospitals are full ot patients. The tramps on the street have caught the infection, three in a body having applied to the Hoard of Health on Thursday for hospital quarters. According to yesierdny's Times the patients in the small pox hospital at Chicago number 112. An eruptive disease of a serious nature has broken nut among the student of the medical college nt DiiUiqiie. It is said to have been obtained from the dissection of n cartavar from Chicago. The Hon. II. I). Dement, secretary ol state of Illinois, places us under obligations for a package of slate documents, including copies of the Senate anil House journals of the last session of ihu legislatur e a Keport of the Bu- reau of Labor Statistics, a licport ol the Man- Bgers of the Illinois Industrial University, and A Catalogue of the Illinois Slate Library. It seems to he understood on all shies nt Washington that the public printer Defreesis to be removed and lhat S. 1. Hounds of Chic.t go is to have his place. Thd Chicago Times Mays that Hounds has written to his friends tint he needs no more help, as he has assur- ances Irom the President direct that ho will be appointed and that his name will lie sent to the senate immediately on its meeting in Janu ary. Tlie Times adds: "The government printing office is one of the largest printing establishments in the world. It has nearly always been iiiismnnagcd,atid particularly so under the last public printer, Mr. Defrees. It is believed that Mr. Hnnnds's high character and long experience will enable him to redeem the management of this Innir-ahused olllce." A terrible disaster occurred on Tuesday at West Point on York river, Va. The steamer Wtflt Point had arrived there early in the morning and a gangol laborers began the clis charge of her cargo. They cleared out all the freight between decks, and had gone below in to the hold to take out a quantity of kerosene oil, when nt ten minutes past twelve, midday, an explosion occurred which blew olT the side ot the vessel into the river, and set tire to the chip. Nineteen persons, including four of the crew ami nearly all the steward's hands, per ished. The captain, licing on shore, was sav ed. The crew was mostly from Balilmorit and the laborers from Richmond and West Point, all except one being negroes. The war between Secretary lilaino and the stalwarts is about to be intensified by the pub. lication of a correspondence between the for mer and Mr. Angell, our minisier to China. It seems, while Gen. Grant was traveling in the East the Chinese and Japanese sought his mediation in certain matters of difference be tween them anJ as dome trouble has arisen over the matter they applied to minister An gtll about it, who wrote to Blaine. The latter directs our minister lo inform them that while the American people were gratified by the honors shown our great commander It should be remembered that he was merely a private citizen, traveling for his own pleasure, and that Lo had no power to represent the govern ment, and that any pretense of doing so, the neocsbary inference would be, was an impu dent assumption. Ileprtnentative Henderson, ot Illinois, hog become the fuhject ot severe animadversion on the part of the bucchc press of his part) in this state for offering a resolution in con jjrcM iin 1 procuring its adoption, appointing iae G. A. Bacon, a democrat, to the positieu t assistant doorkeeper of the house. Of court with a party that can give no better reason loi iU organised existence than that it wants tin offices, such an offense calls for explanation, and Mr. ITeuderson gives it in a way as direct 8 simple. The necessity of having a demo cratic assistant door keeper of the bouse, b frays, grows out of the secret caucus system ol part)- leadership. The caucuses of both pw- ties are held in the representative ball, and as the door-keeper in charge at the time is neces sarily cognizant of what transpires, it Is but decent courtesy that each party should have a door keeper of its own that the secrets of the caucus nt the one may not he revealed lo the other pnrty. Mr. Henderson simply got a po- sition for his democratic friend Bacon which otherwise the democratic triend ol some other republican member would havo got. THE TABIFF QUESTION. There is every indication from Washington that in the present and coming sessiousot con gress and before the people on the hustings in the coming; election campaigns, the tariff question will he the leading and commanding theme until it is settled on a new, better and very different basis from that on which it now rests. The present taiilf, its friends admit had its origin when the country was in the throes of civil war, when our foreign trade was almost entirely cut oil", and when every interest stood on a different footing from that it now occupie.,. A tariff adapted to such a stulu of affairs is necessarily now nn anachronism. Then this country exported comparatively no cotton, grain, pork or petroleum. JS'ow it sup plies the world with these articles. The best labor the muscle and sinew of the coun try was absorbed by the army, and our cur. rency was at an enormous discount yet it was necessary to have vast supplies of manufactur- rcd goods and lood products to feed and cl ithe tiie army, and as our foreign trade was stop. ped and these had to be produced at home', government "proiectiou" to the last hunt had to be resorted to anil was justified to encour age home production. While the end of the w ar ended the necessi ty for most of this "protection," no correspond,! ing changes in our tariff' legislation were made. The result was, as trade revived and our currency unproved in value, an enormous increase in the profits of tin; manufacturers, leading to enoruious over-production, enor uious credit expansion and currency inflation, and a terrific financial crash. Then what thousands on thousands ol operatives were discharged from the .New L'ugland and Pennsylvania cotton, woolen, and iron facto ries and driven upon the farms or sent roving over tlie country as tramps. Meantime the farm ers went to work to raise tlie grain ami cotton to send i.broad and bring in tlie gold to enable tlie country to resume. As Henry J. Philpott puts It: "The piolccicd factories were closed 1 lit; 'American laborer was turned out to tramp, to riot, to burn buildings. The farm ers now had to feed them gratis. And while they wero doing that they were pinching and toiling to earn the 'British gold' with which to 'resume.' They had to bear Iho burden of re sumption. Tlie protected factories, instead of sending their products abroad for gold and helping them to right things, only made them selves a greater burden tnan ever. They lay idle, went into bankruptcy, and the money they had 'salted' in flush times was loaned to their victims on 10 per cent, real estate col- laterals." And now that the patient toil of the farmers has once more brought about peace and plen ty and good tunes, these "protected" factory men again leap to the front and demand not only a continuance of the protection of ar times, but an inciease, to be followed by ano leer rouiiu oi iiitjiiuon, over production ami a grand smash. Meantime having stimulated the lanners to the production ol 2,")0,000,000 more bushels of wheat per year than our pen. pie can consume, they are putting arguments into tlie mouths of K.iropeaus to cut our far mers oil Irom a tu irkei lor lhat surplus. 8i n u lor Beck pul tlie case admirably in a recent speech in congress, from which tlie follow ing is an extract : The protect ion ist insists that each nation ought, so far as possible, exclude the products oi every oilier nation in order lo protect home production. He taunts Kugmnd, whose people now buy 5.1 percent, ol all our exports, with folly for allowing our wheat, pork, beef, butler, cheese and other products of our farms lo enter her ports duty free. He says to the English "fair-trader:" ''Discriminate against us if you are wise. Protect your iiomu industries. No country or system of government can succeed that allows Iree competition." The American protectionist makes war on our export trade. His theory carrieu into cf feet tends to the rum of our f anners while pro tecting inauul'actureis. Those laws of Eng hind which give us an equal chance with per own colonists in her markets he in effect de nounces, and it is to be remembered that all arguments are heard and weighed as lutelli gently in Europe as they are here. A system that is enforced here and lauded as the besttor this country must be, they might say abroad, ihe best, lor other countries. It the arguments and deductions of our protectionists should prevail in England w hat would be the effect upon us? To illustrate: Leaving out of the question all of her great colonial possessions in iiuiia, Australia and elsewhere, and her dependencies all over the world, England has great colonies on this continent w hose people are entitled to her protection, if proiectiou and restriction are lo be again resorted to as trui national policy. Mr Beck then gave as a result of his own observations in a trip to the Winnepeg coun try lasi summer, a brief account of the vast grain and cattle country which the Canada Pacific railroad waj opening up north ol Hie American line, capable of producing enough (o glut the market of the world, and could be delivered at tide water at :i0 per cent. less cost than ihe like American products; and lie added : The American protectionists not only tell English statesman, but denounce all of us w ho do not urge that policy, that it is their duty to protect l.anadiau products against American competition in England. 1 assert, without tear of suecesslul contradiction, that if Eng land lakes their advice, and, in order to have "fair-trade" and protect home industries, shall impose a tariff tax of 10 or .0 cents xr bushel uH)n American wheat and other grains, allow lug Canadian wheal and other products to en ter her ports free, she can bankrupt the larm- ersofour northwest. iSlie ran, by a like dis crimination as to beef, pork, butter, cheese and other farm products, crq pie, if not ruin, our t irmers all mr the country, U-caiise it is too tpparent l need argument that, With our vast railroad system and ihe agriiultural land d vclied by it, our own l-oplecauuot consume what cur farmers pioduce. France and Ger uixuy are moving r ipiuiv in ine direction ut i'rd try American r Mm tionists, and there is nullding up a ait in Ei gland which is iTc-m ng warmly the same n as are bed b. American protectionists. The lanut d arMor lacyo! England is at tLc back of this party, and in their greed, the advocates of this policy may yet succeed in overtnrowing ana destroy, ing the agricultural interests and prosperity of this country. These are considerations which, of course, are rapidly forcing themselves upon the atten tion of our farmers, and when once thorough ly aroused to their interest, it is impossible but that vast revolutions and new combina tions in party organizations must take place, until this whole tariff monopoly business is placed upon a new and more just and reasona ble basis. GUANO ANO SALTPETBE. In attempting in our last to give our readers an account of the disgraceful diplomatic mud dle in w hich our stale department at Washing ton had Involved the country in the affairs of Chill and Peru, to promote a huge and disrep utable job, we stated that the whole specula tion was based on the claim of one Lamlriau, the precise nature of which was not fully re vealed. The papers since then, however, bring full details on the subject. The claim of Lan- dreau, like that of Cochet, was based wholly on alleged guano discoveries, and, like the Cochet claim, had always been repudiated by the Peruvian government. All these claniH had the same origin. As long mo its l.lll, w hen the Peruvian government, like that of Mexi co at a latter date, to replenish an exhausted treasury, entered upon the laudaUe business of robbing the churches, jhe issued the follow ing decree: That any one after the publication of these presents who shall have discovered property belonging to any suppressed convents, or oth er property belonging to the state, shall hate a right to a third of the said property. This of course related to nothing but con ceaicu cnurcu properly , Having iieen ls:,ued a quarter of a century before such a thing as gu ano in Peru was heard of. Later, however. on the discovery of guano and when that arti cle obtained a high commercial value, ceiiain Peruvian speculators undertook to make the clause in the above decree, "or oilier property belonging to the slate," apply to guano. The first to put forth such a claim, it appears, was the Frenchman Cochet. Meantime another Frenchman named Landreuu, who hud been expelled from Ecuador for cheating the gov eminent in the wine trade, had set himself up in Lima as a dealer in arms, in which, in a country in a state of chronic revolution, he for a while drove a brisk trade. But as things settled down this business fell off Then this stir about guauo arose, and Landreau, who didn't know guano from gum-arabic, went a prospecting, and coining hack to Llmadeclar ed ho had found guano at fifty places, cover ing all the spots where guauo was likely to l c discovered; and as thirty or forty persons madeslmilarclaiius, the Peruvian government "ually shut down on all of them. It is to be noted, however, that in his claim upon the IV. ruvian government the highest figures Lan dreau ever put m were $7,000,000, which the New York Company, now nreteuding to own the claim, put in at $100,000,000, Landreau, . wo have said, like Cochet, was a Frenchman, j but he bad a brother in New York, and to him ho conveyed an Interest in the claim on condi tion of bis becoming naturalized as a citizen of the United States, and it is in this way that tho Landreau happens to differ from the Coch et claim In being an "American claim." It is to ho noted, however, that tlie New York Com pany has bought Up both claims, estimating the two, which, as made on Peru hy Landreau and Cochet never amounted together to over $14,000,000, at ;00,000,000, and thus owning both and consolidating ihem, put in the whole as an "American claim." It was to promote the recognition of this claim that Blaine instructed Minister iiiirlnut to "use his good offices," after llurlbut him self had written to Blaine that he had "no fatth whatever in the honesty or value of these claims' and less in J. II. Shipherd and his New York Compauy." It was to promote this claim that Blaine instructed llurlbut so hastily to recognize the government of Cahier- on, after the latter had agreed with the New York Company to sign tho papers binding the Peruvian government to pay it; and it was to promote this monstrous job that, under Blame's instructions, Minister llurlbut insulted the government of Chili by reading to Command er Lynch a long lecture on the enormity ol Chili demanding territorial indemnity of Peru for war expenses, and intimated lhat any such attempt wuld provoke the interference of "my government." OUITEAU. The Guiteau trial, of which we give pretty full notes up to Wednesday on our (Hi page, presen'ed no marked variation on Ihe other two days of tho week from the usual daily rou tine. Dr. Callender, of the Tennessee iusane hospital, and Dr. Barksdalc, of the Virginia Central iusane asylum, testified on Wednesday as "experts" for the prosecution, both holding the prisoner to be perfvetly sane; and on Thursday Dr. Waller Kcmpstcr, superintend cut of the Wisconsin insane hospital, testified to the same effect. On Wednesday, on account of his constant Interruption ot the witness wiih spiteiul com. uieuts, and his attempt io sinke one of his guards, Guiteau wild placed liithedoik, -villi which he protcsscd lo be delighted an I in which he was quite as noisy as ever. Ou Thursday a letter was produced showing that ihe pll-onei had recently applied to I)"li Cam eron tor a loan of $.100 on the ground thai he wus "a stalwart of the stalwarts," mid needed the money to conduct hisca-c, a-t his brother was a uuisance and Scovilie a jackass. As the Court was alsiut to adjourn on Thursday evining ihe prisoner asked tor pun ami ink to answer bis voluminous cmri spondeinv, an I announced to the audience that his letters now come addressed to lion. Chrle llii't'-an. An unpleasant rumor floated uls.i.t ihe courtroom on Ibursilny and on the si I eels that one of the j irors had t-Xprco-scd the npililou that GuileaU Wt an Iliad tu a Man . hale. IHtlloKIZKK lit V .Skt.S Nii.(,MI. - ( J WidiK-soay ol I tils week a h.rge I,k!j , dr'inki n iM-ErM n-.s. i.il.le.l ut I'linouili, N . ('., mikI ihieatnml 0 burn the town and kill Ihe cil'Zei a. I'ne irounle grew oi.t of thf ar rest of a lug ii S t'uruuy fr klabbmg white man In a rw. lie wis Lcu iu th&jgu and committed to the town lock-up. Tin darkies, the most of whom had Iieen imbibing Christmas whisky, swore that the man h uld bo released. Ever since the arrest the negtoo had been grumbling and asserting lhat the would be revenged. On Wednesday abmr two hundred men and boys of that lace aruie'' themselves wuh old army guns, h'. css pi tols, pitchforks, rusty swor.l-, and every nil.i-i conceivable weapon, and marched throiul Plymouth, swearing lhat liicy intended to an nihilate the whole town. The while men armed themselves and made ready for I'cfcusc. Every effort was made to quiet th.- t ri iKei mob of blacks. A messenger was .-eui i Hi leigh with a request that (iiw.juius wuuii. send a company of state troops to the scene ot threatened conflict at o.icc to ,-upprcs- the out break. The Governor promise. I lo accede u the request. AN INTEB OCEANIC FLOP. With the rohiistuous but simple urmled dei gate Flanagan of Texas, who, i i t ic great Chicago Kcpuhlican National Convention ot 1SS0, wanted to know"Vh- t are we lu ie for T not to get the olhcesV ao one un leiH'and. and filter uppieciMUs the mission of his pariv troni Cue Flanaga:i r tamlpoiut. .lmn Senatoi J ihn A. Logan, or has n ual'v been lieu, adroit in so dislnbul ng the oliiccs as lo il. himself and his parly the most good. Ii look however, as if, lu ei posiiu ol fie Clncigi Colleetorship, John had made a in isiiike. Tim was a posiiioii upon which Mr. Nixou, rdilm of the I liter On an, hud in I cnanv set ho heait. He knew il.ul Logan lia'l thedispoMtl ol il, and to entry ni luvor un-ie is ti-irii mo degree of sei villi v to which Xi.vm had not descended. The inter u i only utioiiinl ed day after day in fu 'some laudations of Lo gau himself, but the who':- t -i ; i Mui. n::; was taken into its highe t I'.wi.r mi bis accoiuo The day came, however when ihercwtir for all this truckling was n ady to he iloci out, and "phany Ihe phcclinx" of poor N'ixm. when he louud ll.tl Ihe had' his hiiugi) y had so longingly and eagerly gaa-d Uj'on ha been carelessly tossed to aliollu l. Is il a wui der that from thai instant and ilieiici loiih 1 1 . stalwarllsni of the Inter Oeran ceased to I.. sUlwarl? That Irom that instant and tl.enie forihJohn A. Lo.'an cea-ed to have air organ in Chicago; ami that Irom ha iiManl inn thenceforth the Inter 0tan I ecaiiie an end u- siastic convert lo Uiu caused it e h.i.fiueed and feathcr-hcails? That Mich is laiin i.U'ji) Hie IV I. '.he Ocean leaders paxnim any day sime lust In tn v i. day sufficiently demonstrate, especial leader of that day, from w hich the 1. 1 lo.V I. J. is un extract: "We have a Senator in our miilst. It i r hi) I) an never been elected to nut ii"Ki't'i'ii I'1 eole ofVhieatju, ami it may lit, douijtji I unii er lie could tie no eUcted, inil o nun on.nc ih powers at Washington look for advice an counsel in selecting local siiuuilinuic-t in Cm cago. Indeid, if ihe reporis el in- Ii u mis a irue, (us ttii lienor heiiui :aicei m-i : - u vi.-e and counsel, bin raihei dii i s o t te I sidenl and Cabinet what iney sh H:;o, fioine inuoceui inigiit s i noil inc of tlie people ought lo In- more le-li nl II n even Senator or Congressman, uu tin.lt r in rule it cannot make itself heard. It. i.-. in.ru a thousand fathoms under inesii moi lan u'ic of llio Senator." Iu every view this is ha I lor Logan. Tl i loss of an organ to a siatesni oi ol the L"j.-. siatnp is a most serious iii.ciir, ai d n u take a dozen of colieciorsliijis lo Inn einihi so able and Influential, and ai ihe same times obsequious and uusri'Upulou .. 1 u..nM m have been so bad if Ihe n an lo whom J gave the cilice had been a conspicuously bet. ler man than Nixon, but such is not the case It is a libel to say that Nix-ai is id m even sense as good :t man as Jesse Spunlding is or ever was ASTH0X0XICAL. Professor Swift, director of ihe Wan er Ob servatory at Uochester, N. Y., sends us a veiy interesting review of ihe nunc hoiahlc asiro. mimical occurrences of the past jeur, more particularly in regard to iheco.i.eks, tor which the year was so memorable. L'p to lbSl, in the present century, tho diseovciy of comets any year had not averageil over about one in every 5J mouths, but during lbtil, between M:y 1st aud November lC'h, no less than ev en cornels were discovered, avciaging a little over one a luonlh, two of ihem U-iug visible to the naked eye aud one so conspicuous as to take rank with the most remaraable of mod ern limes. Following is a list of the comets of the year iu the order of their discovery: Comet A Sw ift Uochester, N. Y. do li. . . . I'obbult South Africa do C. . . .Schnaeberle. . . Ann Arbor, Mich. do I). . . .Encke's. .(periodic aud expected) do 10. . . .Kar.iard .Nashville, Teen. do F Brooks Phelps, N. Y. do ii. . . .Swift Uochester, N. Y. Of these it is curious lhat the two more no table B and C were discovered iu almost exactly the same quarter ot the heavens, aud moved iu exactly the same direction. Both were remarkable comet, each having two tails, .ind the latter would any other year havo been pronounced a fine comet, when not outrivaled, as this wits, by another its predecessor B. Comet B was successfully photographed by several astronomers notably by Prolessor Henry Draper, a feat never before accomplish ed. Several small stars were shown on the negative ohiniug through tho tail, though their light passed through probably 100,000 miles of comelic matter. This shows the exceeding tmnsparaucy of the.e auomalous bodies. Iu fact it is one of their distinguishing character is!ics. What has been learned about comets! Very little. Comet B was the brightest that has ap pearetl since the invention of the spectroscope" aud being f exceptionally well placed for ole nervation and tqiectroscopic analysis of its nu cleus, coma and tail, promised much to sci ence. Nothing, however, was observed but the usual sptclra revealed by faiuter comets. A; side from ihe apparition of the above com ets, to astronomical events of very great sci entific value occurred. The niot notable were i ,o toul eclipse of tlie moon on the evening of June 11th, and the transit of Mercury across the sun's face n November 7:h. It was gen erally invisible e--t of the Mississippi, but in the extreme We:-tern States and Territories ouie valuable observations of it were made ')' parlies especially equipped for the work. An important addition to our knowledge ol olar physics, and one destined to have an inportant bearing on meteorology, was made v Professor Lauglcy Irom the lop of Mouui Whitney, 15.000 feet above the se,i. He prov ed to his satitsciioii that the solar constant f heat, as estimated I v Sir John llcrschel, Pouillet, Woilaston and others, U very much greater than they supposed. From the top of tins mountain, amid the snow un. ice, so ran and pure was the air that va'.er was boiled by he direct iinconceiitraied rays of the sun. F0BEION "Three hundred and fiity prominent. Irish men lying in j til without tri.J, (iO.OOO armed men iu the country and the laic ol agrarian mirages does not lecrc;.e," is, in a sentence, the summary for ihe e u of England's policy iu Ireland. I he way the work ot pacification is progressing under the "cru.di the ltadi iV polity is biiowu hy items like these among the alest cable lispulchc The police have ai rented n in, in named Cor n il in Hie County Cork, charged w ith having oius di it proclaimed district, A number ol 0. 11h-d revolvers were found in bin possession, li is hclieved lie is the lender ol the gang w ho 1. tve been committing the o'ltnigcs m Mill in i t during the past year. Among the doeu . cuts louml in his possession is one contain in: a list i f the persons upon whom tho out ig were to Le committed. I'he police found a large quaiilily ef rilles, mwuicIs and cartridges in a vault of the Pro cs'uni church at Kilkishen, County Clare. D icuuieuts found on Council disclose a plot o murder two farmers. Council was ruiinnd d lor a week. ."several stands of arms, a quantity of sinui d on, and a number cf pikes were discovered ear Listowcl. At Castleton, on Monday, Miss llenolds, n 1. 1 mlier of the Ladies' Land League, was sent t jad on tho charge of abetting a criminal .! 'iispuacy to prevent payment of rent. M can ine the Ladies' League has summoned a mcct- i ig of all branches to meet on Sunday to con- mi about the case. The L nited J rinlonen new spaper, suppressed oi Dublin last week, re-appeared in its usual i' win iu London on Saturday. It contained a c irtoon depicting Irish landloids as t id the tenants as prosperous. 1 he police eiz'd 500 copies, all they could find. rive arrests under the coercion act were ii'ide on Saturday. The city and county of Dublin and nine othercounties have been pro 1'iiiiied under the arms net. A meeting of the Irish Home Manufactur t' Association adopted a resolution to com 'I'luicato with the inenriers of the late indus ir al exhibition comuii lee, with the view of laving an exhibition of Irish manufactures u At a meeting of bankers and merchants in L uidoii on Tuesday a resolution was passed n favor of tho forimtiion of an association to ousider the rehabilitation ot silver, and Heu- y Ilucks Gibhs, one of the directors of th(: H-ink of England, was chosen president of the ouncil The Mormon missionaries held a conference n London on Sunday, nt w hich u appeared t ml Mormonism iu London has been unsuc cessful, but many converts have been made iu the provinces. It is proposed to take converts o Utah early in 1882. Some of the elders will emaui to proselyte. A number of them will el urn lo Uiaii Fifteen huudred converts uivebeen made iu England since last August Emigratii n from Germany til 1882 promises o become more coloal eveu than iu 1881. Fourteen thousand ti.kets are already taken for transportation by vei-scls leaving Bremen lor America in the spring. Almost unequal number of emigrants go Irom Hamburg. The Pope on S tuird ty gavg the customary Christmas-eve reception to the cardinals, in re ply to whose address he said his position wa ix coming more and more intolerable. When he claimed leniioial power in order to secuie independence of spiritual power, he wasacciis. d of being u rebel aud enemy to Italy. Culho- lies who demanded efficient guarantees for freedom for the head of their church were imilarly stigmatized, and pilgrims to Home were insulted by llio press and populace. During the celebration of high mass in Un church of the Holy Cross in Warsaw on Christ mas, a pickpocket was caught at work, who, to facilitate his escape, gave an alarm of fire, and in tho panic which ensued thirty persons weio killed and many injured. The criminal was soundly beaten by the crowd. He being a Jew, four t-hops iu tht viciuily kept by He brews were completely gutted, several pnhce meu being injured in the tumult. Military were called into use to patrol the disturbed re gion. It seems tho Hon. Lionel Sackville West tho new British Minister at Washington, pre sents in his person auoiher Sarah Bernhardt case, aud even Washington society, usually so little troubled with prudishness, is badly tore up about it. On examination of the Bible of tho British aristocracy, the Peerage Book, n is found that Mr. Sackviile-Wcst is a bacheloi, yet ho appeals In Washington with a family of four or five children! They are said to be tlm fruits of a liaison with a Spanish actress while he was connected with the British lega tion at .Madrid. Siiekmax'b Pi,umkk. While Mr. Allison, who has charge of the senate investigation in to the conduct of the Treasury under Sher man, with particular reference to the Pitney charges of converting large sums of public uiouey to private use under the nime of can dles, &.C., is carefully conducting the inquiiy with closed doors aud examining only such witnesses treasury clerks of Sherman's ap pointmentas he has reason to believe will swear that runev is a nar, ne occasionally wakes up the wrong passenger. Such proved to be one of the colored messengers, w ho hap pened to be cal'ed before the committee od Tueday, and at a time, too, when the usual precaution of Kicking the doors had been neg lected. To Allison's horror this itness swore in the most positive manner that along in the winter of 180, when Sherman was runuing a cortmittee room in Washington, in charge of Mr. Mculton, Sherman's brother-in-law, to work up his "boom" for the presidential noni Jiuatioa at Chicago, nc naa ouc aay oeen in. structed to take a large bos from the stationery room over to tho Sherman committee rooms. This box was so large and heavy that it re quired all of his strength to lift it. When he got over to the room he placed it down in the presence ol Mr. Moulton, who helped him open it. Tho witness was then asked what there was In tho box. lie said inkstands, prns, blotters, pencils, and a largo quantity of hratclass stationery. Ho was asked if it was the regular stationery of the treasury de partment, and replied that it was tho same that he was in the habit of carrying about from the stationery room to the various bureau offices. He was asked if the quantity was not small. Ho said, ou the contrary, it was very large reams of it. He said that the box was unpacked in tho presence of Mr. Moulton, who apparently expected and knew all about it. Next day ho had carried over another b .v of tho same sort, and ut various times afterwards he carried over large supplies from the stationery department ot tho treasury to tlie same rooms. His testimouy was very clear aud remained unshaken by a most rigid cross-examination. Allison adjourned the day's sess'iou the moment tho witness was dismissed. Nlierltr ' IVe. I-'ilitiirs vf the Free Trader In your issue of the 21th lust, appeared a letter charginirmc as a public officer with defrauding the county out of a large sum of money. In answer, I have only tins to say. If the writer had in vestigated the facts, as shown in my report, (a public record open to nil tax-payers), I can not conceive how he could so grossly misrepresent thein, unless inspired by personal malice, and falsehood would answer his purpose better than the truth. It is true that my report, as published, does not show the items of fees re ceivedsuch as attendance upon tho supreme and appellate courts, taking prisoners to Jollet, paid by the State of Illinois. But if any responsible person in La Sallo county, or any committee of tax payers, will take the trouble to call at the sheriff's office and they are heartily invited to do so they will find every item mentioned in the letter referred to above credited to La Salle county under the head of "Miscellaneous Business. As to tho large amount of $2,7r2.8:J, which 1 am charged with either witholdiug or steal ing, I will say, that though credited to me, it was never in my hands, never drawn from the county treasury, and certainly not appropri ated, ns will be seen by the receipt of the coun ty treasurer, of Dec. 10th, endorsed upon my report. V ith thanks for your very evident fairness in your editorial comment upon the letter re ferred to, I am, very respectfully, Taos. t'LAKK, Sheriff. Speaker Keifor is no doubt largely and just ly censured for his manner of matting up the committees of the house, but no man, on criti cally examining the composition of those committees, will accuse him of stupidity or of not acting with almost devilish ingenuity to a purpose. When Kerr and Randall ap pointed the house committees they arranged them so as to check jobbery, save public mo ney, and strangle the measures ot the lobby. In this they succeeded so well that the lobby for several years actually ceased to exist as a live, palpable agency in congressional legisla tion. Keifcr has framed the committees so as exactly to reverse this policy. Every noted henchman of the jobbers Hobesou, Hiscock, Orth, &c. is given a promineut place on com mittees charged with the disposal of public money, while not only arc such guardians of iho treasury among the democrats as Uandall, Hewitt, Holman, Ac., hidden away on the most uuiiiiuoitanL committees, but even repub lican members who had made a record as sticklers for honesty and economy, arc equally slighted and assigued to obscure positions. As m the matter of the revenue and appro priation committees, so in regard to the bank ing and currency committee, Keifcr knew ex actly what he was about. Congressman Buck tier, formerly chairman of that committee, says tho gentlemen selected by Speaker Keifer will report favorably on any bill recommended by Comptroller Knox or the national bauks. Aud as to the clectious committee, it is admit ted that it is arranged with hellish mgenuity to get a report in favor of every republican claimant, no mailer how baseless his claim. Don't worry Keifer made no mistakes he kuew what he was about, "you bet." Em'oucisu tue Law. Ohio, with as rigid temperance laws as Maine, has manufactured, next to Illinois, more whisky than any other state In tho Union aud her people, man for man, can punish about as much bad whisky as the inhabitants of any other state. At (he same time tho state can outvie Maine iu tho fiery zeal of its temperance enthusiasts, aud as all attempts to cuforce the rigid teetotal lawa of the state iu the legal way Have proved fruitless, they have not scrupled to invoke the aid of Judge Lynch. At Cedarville, in that s ate, last Saturday morning, long before day light, a patriotic baud of disguised men and boys suddenly made a raid on Mr. Berryman's hilliard and pool room, where it was alleged liquor was sold, and in a few minutes nothing remained of bis four billiard and pool tables hut fragments aud splinters, the destruction of property amounting to $1300. The drug store of Mr. Caldwell was next attacked, the doors broken in aud the heads of two barrels of whisky knocked out and the contents allowed io run over the floor. Then the mob scattered to their homes, leaving a note to the owner of the buildings that had been invaded to the effect that if he meant to rent them as places in which liquor was sold ho bad better have ihem heavily insured, as they might take fire An attempt to "enforce the law" in Kansas on tho same day, without the aid of Judge Lynch, resulted somewhat differently. A mo Wright, ho keeps abiiliard-rooin at Parsons, was suspected of selling liquor, and a w arrant was issued for his anest. Constable Bruce visited Ihe place, and was met at 'lie door by Wright with a double-barreled shot gun. The aid of Sheriff Bender and a pos e ot tw-nty citizens was prtcurcd, but the billiard man kept them at bay fioru 9 a. m. until dark, when he made his escape.