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OTTAWA FREE TRADER; SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, 1882.
3 Ottawa, 111., 8-turday, Jannary 88, 1889. air-d a IV Pont Offle at VUikph, J 11.. u Second Clam OUB CLUBBING We are prepared to club the Fuke Thadkh with the follow-ingpublioations.lurnishing both it tne prices mimed, postage preptud. The offer opea to old subscribers or new tit any post office in the county is the chkavkat VKR made in Ibis county: Irbb Traokh ind Cliioaco Weekly Tiuus..(2M Frbb Traoeii anu cnicago Weekly Tribune. 2.(15 Fhib Trader ana Chicago Weekly Inter- ocmn ,-,v ; Frbb Tradkr and Clili atjiJ Weekly Journal. J.t Frbb Traorr anu fi. i.uuis ijwm- Toon Tdi tllll ami St. l.nuis (ilolie-Demorrat. ii.fifi Frbb Tkadkk and N. Y. Weekly Herald..., Frbb Trader and .1 inrriran Airiralturmt . . Frbb Traiikr and Prairie Farmer - Frbb Trader and either of Harper s jmbli cation Frbb Thimbu and Srrilmer Frbb Tradkr and tiwliij' bulim' Frbb TRACER and rhrehnhyU-al Journal Frbb Trahbr and St. Sieholn Frbb Trailer and teuton nt's Monthly Frbb Traper and ..'(- W l.iein; Ay ..BnTiniru nnil MV.7irn llttral 2.50 .'( 4.75 4.7." H.(K) :t.m :;.w :ur s.:5 II. 110 Fbbb Tkvmbr and Murt'nivrut .ew J irk-r .M The real name of the Mite robber, giving his name as f.ittle, of w In'. shooting at Dallas, Texas an Recount is ;ivt-ii atii nnother page, is ascertained to have been Ons Goody, of I'.ur linsame. Kansas. A religious revival at Madison. Ohio, has lecome so attractive that the stores and facto lies m tho place are closed In the afternoon to enable the owners and employes to go to meeting. Wm. A. Jordan has been appointed post master at Morris, which shows one editor out of luck. Tho Kev. Gilbert II. Knncrtson has been appointed postmaster at Sandwich, which Bhoivs one editor in luck, Mr. I!, being editor of the Sandwich (unfit. The latter appoint ment, however, appears to have given general disgust. William Ncal, one of the men charged w ith the murder of the Thomas girl and Gibbons children near Ashland, Ky., a month ago, has been tried, found guilty anil sentenced to be hung. Craft and Ellis, engaged in the same crime, are next to be tried, and little doubt is entertained that both will receive the same sentence. D. M. Perry A. Co., of Detroit, the well known seed men, place us under obligations for packages of their excellent vegetable and lower Heeds for 1882. These seeds are well Inown In this market, being kepi by all cur dealer?), and their excellence has been so abun dantly tested by our gardeners and florists as to place their popularity on a solid basis. By tho burning ol some "store sheds" at Ihe upper end of the C, B. & (J. Hail road Company car shops at Aurora, on Tuesday, half a dozen cars were destroyed, Including Ihe splendid Director's Car No. 200, which had cost $18,000, one dining ear, two rattan smok ing cars and other cars all involving a loss of from $50,000 to m,U00. The Illinois Central Kailroad, whose poverty some of its officers and the tailirni A;e have if lely been lamenting, we notice has just de clared a semi annual dividend of :j ' per cent. 8even per cent, a year in dividends, with a good surplus over, is rather too good a show ing for the company to make such a poor moutb, over. Sr. Kaii.uoao. The Joliet Xeim of Wed nesday says: "Engineers are running lines on the flats to-day for a branch of the Chicago, Burlington and (Juiuey railroad from Sheri dan, on their Streator branch, to Joliet, to con nect with the Michigan Central Cut-oflline. There is also talk of the line being continued Jo Mcndota on the Illinois Central. The lines .'he cngiiiceis are following are the ones com monly known as tne Mendota, which has been followed over so many lines already." New York dispatches on Monday announc ed the death in that city of the Hon. Clarkson S. Potter, ex-representative In congress and for years prominent as a democratic politician of that city and state. Two years ago, w hen, t'y the Kelly defection, the rest of the demo cratic state ticket in New York was defeated by 40,000 Majority, Mr. Potter came within a ie hundred votes of being elected lieutenant governor, his personal popularity even draw ing to him the bulk of the Tammany vote. The city ol Atlanta, (la., had barely got shrough rejoieiug over its splendid and buc tcssiul exhibition of southern products, when it was visited by the: lire fiend, wiping out in a few hours all the profits it had reaped from the big show. Early on Saturday morning fire broke out in the basement of Black's Can dy M anufactory, one of the largest buildings in ihe city, and before the fire department tould get to work the whole building was en . veloped in flames. A nigh wind blowing at the time, the fire spread rapidly, involving leu inner large business places in the destruction. Fortunately at this time the clouus came to the rescue ol the Inefficient fire department, and ending down a heavy rain, put the fire out. The loss is estimated at $500,000. WjjIc the weather hereabouts has been ex eec!ingly "variable" during the past week, about half the time mild and springlike and the other bait w interish with the thermometer from freezing joint down (on Tuesday morn ing) to zero, the week throughout New York, New England and Lower CanaJa has been one of intense Cold. The reports on Tuesday and Vcdneslay from all portions of New Eugland art the lowest temperature in thirty years. any towns reporting o0 to 40 degrees below aero. The Piscatauquis river at Portsmouth was frozen over for the first time since 1857. At New York the thermometer sank to 8 be low, at Poughkeepoic to 10. at Albany to 18, and at Saranac lake to 40 below. Tho Kcndota Bulletin u in lino with the en tire press of the county, wl'b. one or two paid t scepttons, in scoring the so-called "iloge piao of jmblisLIng tbc proceeding, of the Board of Supervisors, said plan being to pay one office f ISO, or about five prices, for print ing a few thousand copies of the proceedings in the form of supplements, and then to sponge on tlie various newspaper publishers in the county, and cheat the post office department, to circulate these supplements gratuitously through the mail to the sutiscribers of all such papers. Very naturally, the bidy of tho pub lishers of tho county scouted the impudent levy. As the JlulMia suggests, the Hoard could easily have had such n synopsis of it proceedings as the law contemplates prepared and published in all the papers in the county, for less money than was wasted on the foolish "Hoge plan," and witli vastly more satisfac tion to the people. GUITEAU FOUND GUILTY. So Ciuiteau has been found guilty. The plea of insanity wouldtt t avail in Ins case. llml. full access to the gorgeous dining cars a.i ihe tinned to rise until the night ot the 2lili, when popular sympathy been with him it would I'ullmanitcs, enjoying the same fare at the it came to a .-land. At thai lime Nashville was have been good enough. Had his victim se-l same reasonable-cost. hemmed in on all sides and ten thousand pen- duoed his sister or debauched his wife, ail the Aside Irom these comforts, the 'System" is ,e had been driven from their homes. Look world would have agreed that Guiteau was as also noted for the exceptional politeness of it- ing from the siispensioa bridge, one could see "crazy us a bed bug." Hut he had no wrong employe.-, forming indeed one of its chief at- oniy a va-t expanse ot waters stretching out to goad him to madness no extenuating plea, tractions, the fame of w hich has become w -rid- in every direction. The railroad bridge and and liis crime involved not alone the life of wide mid frequently draws passengers nut of tt-iek ('"innd oik- longlinoof black in thowa au individual but of the nation the safety of. the more direct way to enjoy this luxury. u r, and the trains which cautiously passed fifty millions of people. ( ruy or only devil- ish, such ft man is until to live. The world is. abundantly justified in ridding itself of such a monster. The only remaining question is, when will; occur the final act in the tragedy -the hang- ing bee? The next term of the District Crini- inal Court begins on Monday. The defense have the whole term, which lasts four weeks,' we believe, in which to file exceptions, and j aficr they are heard and determined vjunxt the prisoner, Judge Cox can at once pass sen tence and order the execution at any time with in the next thirty days unli the case is car ried up to the court in banc, which meets in April, and as Judge Cox will no doimt be dis. posed to give ( luiteau as long a shift as he c in, the execution will probably not take place before July. During the interval, as his miserable soul stands on the verge, prying into the awful vista of eternity, long diatribes and lectures by the press and sermons by the clergy on (luiteau "The Moral Turpitude of Hiding in a Refuge of Lies" will be in order. As to the latter, brethem, pardon the suggestion we ask noth ing for it does not the theme involve "Too large a variety of goods for one label f" Sup pose we make that the title. The effort will be, in the discourse, to find in the label the descriptive, distinctive, qualifying term in the vocabulary "saint, sinner, professor, repro bate, politician, assassin" and then the "mor al lesson" to be derived from one's having so many "distinguishing characteristics." Meantime as to all this lecturing and ser monizing, dear brethern of the sensational school! Can it help (luiteau ? You I would not have it do so it it could! And as1 an "awful example," have we not had enough about it already? In war times it used to be saiil that about eight pounds of lead were fired to every bullet that took effect. Wo like good, square gospel preaching and genuine religion, something that savors of salvation; that tends to young men becoming Christ-like, in being loveable, industrious, beneficent, just, sober minded, genial; old men growing better as they grow in years; girls practical, true, mak ing society a joy and home heaven; woman saintly and sweet, able to make good bread, enjoy a joke, patch a boy's trowsers, sing in family worship, and withal having so much ot character that she can infuse the spirit of piety into all in her home circle, so that when her dust Is laid to rest her children shall rise up and call her blessed, and wish above all things to follow and be like her, the happy, holy, good, cheery and beneficent, in the long future years, ami because in her atmosphere was genu ine and true life. A few sermons of that stripe and power, that can effect something, from men who are them selves a heavenly benediction wherever they are, would not be amiss about these days. A nation expanding slates into empires and com ing to be a hundred millions of people, nerds a mighty organizing life force. Let us have a rest from chaff. This great world needs none of it if perchance it can get God's gos pel in Us steady THE GREAT BUBLINOT0N BO0TE There arc no more single railroads in this country. The lron track has become so general and all-pervading that it has become necessary to group the railroads, according to their own ership or connections, in combinations or sys tems. Thus we have the Yanderbilt or New York Central system, the Wabash or Gould system, the liock Island system, the Burling ton system, ic. Of the extent and ramifica tions of the last named, as far as owned and controlled by a single corporation, a very intel ligible map is given on our 7th page. The "system" includes several thousand miles, and seems to touch 'every considerable city and town, if not every man's farm, over a width of nearly five degrees, or :i()0 miles, from Chicago to the Kocky Mountains. It would, however, be telling but half the truth to say that this includes the whole of what may be properly comprehended in the "Burlington system." Its connections are so close with the Atchison, Topcka and Santa Fe "system," the Denver and Km Grande system, ami half a dozen of other vast corporations all embraced in what among railroad men is known ns the "Boston syttem," that one can really ride, or send freight, under the protection ot the "Burling ton system," to almost any point that can be named eastward from Chicago to the Atlantic, southward to the Gulf, or westward to any point on the Pacific from San Diego to Vash ington territory. The "Burlington system," in its most restricted sense, not only pervades an empire, but throuf h its connections its rami tlcations reach the uttermost parts of the world. We are induced to refer to this "system,' however, not on account of its rastness so much as some of its minor details in which the ordinary traveler or business man is more im mediately interested. The traveler, in these days of brisk railroad rivalry, insists on such comforts as only a few years ago were not dreamed of, except at a heavy extra cost. Then nono but aristocrats or millionaires could afford to ride In Pullman Palace cars and en joy tho luxuries of Pullman Dining cars and sleepers, with a cosy smoking room attached, and indeed on most railroads to-day such is still the case. But our "Burlington system" has taken a largo step towards leveling such distinctions. Ot course it can't control the Pullman hionopoly and oilers to such of its passengers as prefer its exclusive comforts their unrestricted use; but to passengers of less exclusive ideas it oilers without extra charge its seductive reclining chairs, in which one can sleep as comfortably as If stretched on a Pullman mattress; and if he cares to indulge; in a fragrant five penny Cuba (Connecticut rivers in Kentucky, of which we made men leaf) instead of being poked forward into a' tion in our l tt as then equal to the great flood den reeking with emigrant lilth, he can retire of is)7, the highest on record, had by no to a palace smoking car, handsomely carpeted, inc. ins attained ji climax at the latest dates and furnished with the most soothing reeiin 'then received. The river kept on rising not jug chairs. And tUcn, of course, he hits 1 his spirit of politeness and accommodation ; not only characterizes its road ollicers, Iiomcv- er, but runs through the whole Our own city ot Ottawa, diiiing management, the past v car. has had occasion richly to realize this fact. The gas wot k i. the tile works, starch factory, llouring nulls and various glass works have till been most generously favored by having side tracks constructed to their doors, at heavy expense, but without the cost of a dollar' o our local manufactures. The generous lib - - crality with which these conveniences havej l ::n,i teet long, and scores ol men were kept been provided almost impels belief of the say-jCon-taiilly moving to and fro arresting drifts ing that has become common with regard to (Vom rushing agiiinst.it. Kafts, rails and logs the Burlington, that any tanner not over n! were in abundance, while dwelling houses of mile or two from its track can have a side! all sizes and descriptions were constantly track laid to his barn any time if he can s itis-j floating by. Three of the houses caught con fy the management of the road that helms aliained twenty-four live hogs. The ram was car load or two of corn or hogs to ship. In a word, the system is not only a wonder in its vastness, but in its details, and in all its appointments and workings a model of the highest type of railroad service. GUITEAU. The trial of Guiteau, the assassin cf Presi dent Garfield, terminated at Washington on Wednesday, as most of our readers are already doubtless aware, in a verdict of guilty ot niur der in the first degree. The jury, on whose disagreement bets were made two to one but the day before, deliberated but 15 minutes on their verdict and unanimously agreed on the first ballot. The closing speech of Judge Porter, which occupied about a day and a half, was perhaps one of the most stinging, bitter philllppics ever uttered in ;my court of justice. It kept Guiteau in a constant state of excitement, and there were no live minutes during the whole of it in which he did not interrupt Porter with "That's false," "That's a mean, dirty lie," Ac, itc. When others appealed to the court to stop these interruptions, Judge Porter said it was not necessary they were no bother to him and he went on pouring his lava words and burning coals. The speech of Guiteau, which he was allow. ed to make on Monday, was but a repetition of the speech he had published a few days be fore in the newspapers, in which ho, claimed to be a patriot, having done what he did for the good of America and under divine inspira tion, lie closed by half maundering, half singing, the old song, "John Rnnvn's body lies mouldering in the grave, lint his soul is iiiurcMiig on ;" Putting in with ludicrous emphasis and ges ture the "(ilory, glory hallelujah!" When the verdict of the jury was announc ed he said: "My blood will be upon the heads of that jury, and don't you forget it." The audience shouted itself hoarse in approval of the conviction. Mr. Scoville at once gave no tice of a motion for a new trial. Guiteau said, "God will avenge this outrage." The trial has certainly been one of the most remarkable in the history of the jurisdiction of this or any other country. There was no question about the fact of the murder, no de nial of the prisoner's guilt; the only defense attempted to he interposed w as that of insanity. And the remarkable feature about It w as, that in the whole conduct of the trial, both by court and counsel on both sides, the treatment of the prisoner was such as assumed this in sanity, and yet the success of the prosecution Tested on the pretended necessity to overcome that assumption. Thus, if Guiteau was to be treated as sane, how could Judge Cox, or coun sel on either side, ignore his right to appear in his own defence yet that right, which he constantly claimed.was practically, on all sides, all through the trial, treated with profound contempt. Then if he was to be regarded as sane, on w hat theory could Judge Cox, viewing him as a prisoner in the dtck charged w ith an infamous crime, permit him constantly to in terrupt the proceedings, insult his own and the opposite counsel, and even openly defy and insult the court Such things could be allowable in no court in the civilized world except on the theory that the man was mad. Yet in the argument of the prosecution, in the chargo of the Jadgc, and in the verdict of the ury, it is solemnly averred that he is not now and never was insane ! And the verdict is right. He was not insane. He was innately, constitutionally and thor oughly a bad man irreclaimable devilish but he was not mad. Y'et what a commentary is this on American jurisprudence, that while in the whole conduct of the trial the insanity of the man was virtually assumed, during the same "whole conduct" the foregone conclusion dominated that in the outcome the assumption of insanity was to be ignored ! Tak Jkaxxette Chew. The Navy Depart mcnt at Washington on Saturday had later dis patches from Eastern Siberia in regard to the crew of tho unhappy arctic search steamer Jeannctte. From these It appears that Daven howcr and his eleven men of the whalcboat had reached Irkutsk in safety. Davcnhower being incapacitated by blindness, accounts for Melvlllo being in command of the whaleboat, Before proceeding to Irkutsk, Melville says he had found the place- where Do Long and his men were left by Nindcrman and Noras and had not found De Long there, which seems to indicate that they had not perished, but had been able to make their way inland to some safer shelter where they will doubtless be found when, l iter in the season, Melville, who is to remain in the country, is able to continue the quest, rso tidings jet of the second boat. THE SOUTHERN FLOODS. The flood in the Cutnlcrland and Tennessee w'onlpm tho lii'h, hut with renewed rains con- lind reia-ed presented a curious spectacle, -ei imii;' to mmo upon the water. Kailroad travel, h"wever, whs generally arrested forsev. cr.-il day-. The Tennessee at Johtisouville was 'nine wis.. w ide. The New Providence bridge wept away. At .Jacksonville, on the Cumberl-md, the wis sr.ved w ith the ireat iron railroad bridge utmost dillicultv. The wa- .vt.-r were up to the iron rails, and additional weights of -tone and Iron were put upon the structure to bold it to its dace. The bridge is general throughout the south, and from every point come stories ot rum wrought by the up preccdclitcd floods. F0BEIGN. The only news of any interest from Europe during the week comes from France. M. Gam belta, as prime minister, having proposed cer tain constitutional amendments, chief of which whs the insertion of a clause establishing the principle that deputies shall hereafter be elect ed by a departmental w-rutin ik lite (by gener al ticket instead of single districts), and asked a congress of the two chambers to act on the proposal, the committees appointed by the chambers to consider the proposition reported in favor of the congress but almost unanimous- ly against the mitiu ; lisle, intimatin" that bould the congress be summoned, it would undoubtedly also reject that proposition. Gam betta thereupon violently declared that if the congress, when summoned, insisted on exceed ing the limits of discussion proscribed for it by the separate resolutions of the two cham bers its action would become unconstitutional and revolutionary, anil the President would then have to consider how to get rid of it. This seemed to present the question whether congress or the "government," (the President and Cabinet) were sovereign and on the under standing that this was the issue, the chamber of deputies on Thursday, by a vote of 1105 to 1 17, rejected the government bill for a revision of tho constitution, upon which Gambettaand the rest of his cabinet immediately resigned. The chamber thereupon adjourned in the high est excitement. There is no intimation as yet who is to be Gambetta's successor. The monetary panic on the Paris Bourse, in consequence of the suspension ot the Bank of Lyons and the run upon the Union Generale Bunk of Paris, has about blown over, both banks having proved able to meet their lia bilities. SMALLPOX The State Board of Health is receiving dis patches ot the appearance of smallpox at new points in this state at the rate of about four a day, but think the disease is not on the in crease. The Board has extended the time to vaccinate school children in counties where smallpox now exists to February 1st, and in counties yet free to March 1st. In Chicago there were at bust dates KiO smallpox patients in tho pest house, with new cases at the rate of about 5 a day, and deaths about 3. Health Officer De Wolf says it is impossible to stamp out the disease while tramps and others from outside arc constantly being scut in broken out with the disease. Seven such tramps came in in one day, mfect ing dozens, no doubt, if not hundreds on the way. At Pittsburg the new cases still average about :50 a day; and -about the same at Kich mond and Norfolk, Ya. In New York city the total number of cases last week was "!);in Philadelphia during the same week there were 23 deaths from smallpox, an increase of 11 over the preceding week. Tho first case ap peared on Tuesday at Hartford and on Ved nesday at Omaha. Boston is still free from the pest, but there has been great alarm over the appearance of a case at Amherst college. In Michigan the pest is on the increase, and believed to be on a stand in Ohio and Indiana. Fhoiiatk Cof jits. A decision of the su preme court of this state, rendered last week, has created wide alarm, particularly in Chica go, by wiping out the Cook county probate court, established by act of the legislature in 1877, and declaring all its acts and proceed ings illegal. Tho court has been in oitration over four years, and during that time has pass ed upon and settled the title to property valued at 110,000,000. Now all this action is declared to bo illegal and void. On that point Cooley on Constitutional Limitations is quoted as follows: When a statute is adjudged to be unconsti tutional, it is as if it had never been. Bights cannot be built up under it; contracts which depend upon it for their consideration are void ; it constitutes a protection to no one who has acted under it, and no one can be punish ed for having refused obedience to it before the decision was made. The consequences of unsettling all this liti gation of course are ot the most serious kind, and the question how to avoid tho vast incon venience and loss it involves is now the en grossing topic of Chicago's legal pundits. Tho act, originally passed to apply to all counties with 100,000 inhabitants or more, thus being in fact limited to Cook county, it will be remembered was amended by the last legis- lature so as to take In counties of 70,000 lnbau itants or more, thus letting in La Salle. Hap pily, however, our first election of a probate judge under the act could not occur until 182, so that no new court for this county has yet beer, organized and no harm here has been done, except such in may have resulted to some of our people who may be interested in Cook county property that her probate court may have acted upon in the last four years. PB0TECTI0N AND WAGES. We arc rather surprised to find our friend of the Aiiwrieiin M.tnufiirtiinr, of Pittsburg, ad mitting that, according to the consular reports made to the state department at Washington, the operatives in the English cotton factories receive about the same wages that ate paid to the same class of employes in Massachusetts. A little further investigation would have shown him that the same holds good with ref erence to the operatives in the various iron in uustries ot the two countries, am that as to shipping, the over-protected operatives in the various ship yards of this country tire actually boggard compared to the unprotected employes of the yards at Glasgow. In truth, if our Pittsburg friend would lay aside his prejudices he is otherwise honest enough -- he would admit that protection -tariff exactions ami impositions, in other words - have nothing to do with waes. The facilities of travel and transportation between this country and Eng land are such, that If a Manchester cotton spinner is assured that he can earn two shil lings a week more in Massachusetts than in Lancaster; or a Sheffield cuttler that he can earn two shillings more a week in New York than at home it w ill take lam but two weeks to cross the salt pond and be here. "Wages in this country, in many lines of employment, are doubtless kept up above the European average by the facility with which men, who fancy their pay ns mechanics or operatives insufficient, can fine more remunerative em ployment, ns well as comparative indepen dence, by squatting on western Lauds or niiu ing for gold and silver in the Kocky moun tains. Aside from cases like these, however, the wages of operatives in this country and the British empire must hereafter be substan tially the same, whether we or England, one or both, have protection or free trade. The gabble of the protectionists about better wages to the operatives in "protected" industries is played out. "Tuky Am. do it!" For investigation, dis covery anil research, there is no time like win ter. People are often more at leisure then than at other seasons. Long evenings give time for reading, thinking, courting, and doing chores generally. The glare of day is not shut in and toned down by leafy covering, by green sward, by delightfully growing bud and flow er. Front yard and back are, as to that mat ter, on a level, and no pretentious upper-crust and aristocratic airs at the front door cm im pose on the passer-by. if the shutter hangs by one hingo over a dirty window, if the gate don't swing, and the fence Is out ot its perpen dicular, it the feathers of turkeys lie 'round in easy familiarity with the scrapings of the Christmas pig, handy-like, at the back door, the gentle traveler passing by has a sense of it and an impression. If the trees and shrubs hard by have an unkempt look, like a school boy's hair when he gets out of bed, if the pickets are oQ' from its fence, you Know with out calling that the folks there are easy-going people, and not of that kind always in a stew about dirt and slackness. Dingy paint, the walk to the front door, or loose boards, the sidewalks indicating age in rottenness and hard usage generally, all help to make impres sions on the new-comer. Not alone every old shanty, but every tired-looking, rickety gate, the heap ot rustiug cans and piles of ashes in dicate when people can live "comfortable," and not be in an everlasting fret about being nice. When the world wants quiet and people are looking for a home, that's the place that will be at a premium. Mankind can't always be straight-laced and go in tights. Churches and school buildings, painted and standing in lawns, amid trees over-arching, suggest taxes and a blue-blooded aristocracy. Ilign notions are of no use. This world is largely made of dirt. Arc w e better than our fathers ': One of the most audacious swindles wcever read of has, according to the New Y'ork Sun, been lately practiced upon the intelligent "bet ter class" ladies of Newark, New Jersey. A dapper, spruce young man, good looking and a fluent talker, has been selling from house to house, at the rate of two or three dollars a doz en, colored pumpkin seeds which he calls the seeds of the wash-rag plant, assuring his uupes that yie seed, after being planted two or three days in a dry soil, would develop into a stout stalk bearing a red, white and yellow flower of exquisite loveliness, and soon after, burst ing into full bloom, a wash-rag of the finest texture would appear, which could be used in hot or cold water without injuring it and no grease or dirt would adhere to it. And the intelligent ladies ot Newark were abundantly duped by a swindler whom the children would pelt with mud for his impudence in the rudest western wild. Again the papers announce, and this time with great positiveness, that the war of rates between the trunk line railroads from Chi cago to the seaboard, is at an end. An agree ment has been arrived at on fixed rates for grain from Chicago to New Y'ork at 20 cts. per 100 lbs., ork and other commodities in pro portion, while west bound rates will be 45 cts. for first class, the new rates taking effect last Monday. This understanding was arrived at on the agreement to submit the most knotty point, "differential rates" that is rates some what higher or lower according to distance to a commission ot three prominent men. Most of Uie roads, however, have such heavy contracts ahead, which they are allowed to ful fil, that the new rates will be little felt for a month or two yet Congress has again done about nothing a! week. Monday and Wednesday were given to eulogies on tho deceased Senators Barnsido and Carpenter. During the remaining three days the two houses were in session tho only bills passed were the bill to retire Judge Hunt; tho bill to pay Mrs. Lincoln $15,000 as arrears of pension, and a pension hereafter of $5,000 a year; and a bill to remit the duties on cer tain clothing sent over from Eugland for the suffering negroes m Kansas. Sherman mado tho closing speech on his !i per cent, funding bill In the Senate on Thursday, and then a motion to l;iy it on the table was voted dowu by -15 against 2:1. M'KNliliiKton Letter. Heek, Vooi-lieen and Imjulh on the I'litKioii JJiU .1 Siifier'AfKthett'eiil Slmiit Wouutn'e 'its Oner Mori . iKruiii Our Ui ituiur CorrrBimiiclciit.) Washington, I). C, Jan. 21, 1882. The past week was marked by the practical failure of committee expansion in the house. aih r a somewhat highly spiced debate, and by a discussion of the arrears ol pensions bill, in which Senator Beck of Kentucky had the hardihood to denounce the measure ns fraudu lent and a most unjust imposition upon the tax paver. Senator Yoorhees appeared to have secured a momentary triumph by replying that this nation could not haggle with its pre servers over the price of their blood, and Sena tor Ingall.s of Kansas said he was for the ap propriation first and last, no matter w hether i. amounted to millions or billions. Senator Beck wa not us pyrotechii:cal a the other twti Senators, and he won applause from the galleries, but the sober second thought of the country, whether it comes now or fifty years liruee, will be with him. In this arrears of pensions act there has been a prodigal waste of tin.' national treasure, and that treasure is, for those who can .liscern it, but another name for the blood which Senator Voorhccs used with such telling rhetorical effect. But we have hail other entertainment than Congress this week. The National Woman's Bights convention has been in session, and the esthetic crank, Oscar Wilde, has for tho mo ment quite eclipsed Guiteau ns an object of morbid curiosity. Popular idols cannot all be hung, mid therefore must be endured. Unlike Guiteau, Wilde does not run on theology, poli tics and assassination, but piques himself on an uttorness in art, which is thought to be more artful than artistic. He recks with ultrapoeti oal, supcru'sthctical art. Art oozes from hii every pore, and he is slimy with the art love sick, maidens adore. There is a report this morning that such was the stress of his elo quence while talking to n young lady at the hotel yesterday that she "utterly" fainted. The asthetic craze is not fully diagnosed as yet, nut enough is known to say that it is epigunic and not epidemic. That women only and nof. men grow wild is shown in the fact that the blandishments of the long-haired bore had no effect on Speaker Keifer. He sent in his card during the session ot the house, evidently ex pecting that the Speaker would accord him admission to the floor, and that the members of the house would give him an ovation, which w ould be w orth thousands as an advertisement. Speaker Keifer answered that he could bo seen at his hotel. It is a pity that our women will make such jennies of themselves over an a-s-thetic sham, but we have our revenge in tho recollection that the English women ran after our Joaquin Miller aud Walt Whitman in somewhat the same way. The Woman's Bights Convention presented the same old cast of reformers aud performers. They have added nothing to their repertoire of resolutions, speeches, reports and collec tions. Miss Anthony and Mrs. Stanton arc very old; they will not appear at many more conventions. When they are gone the move ment will have lost its ballast and its brain. Grand Knplds and Fall Kiver. Gua.M) Kapios, Jan. 27. The Fall Kiver, Grand Kapids and Brookfield Insurance Co. have made their annual report and make a good showing. A little more vigor iu it? management Is desirable, however. Sam Harley is home from Nebraska and Kansas. He reports Mrs. Carrie Judd as suf fering from a disabled arm; that Mrs. Audrus Moore has married a rich widower; that Bill Porter is buying lands at Girard and growing fat on roast buffalo. Sam is going back there himself to settle and grow up with the country. Sufferin Meyer had a dance Tuesday night Considering the nasty weather only a small crowd of you,hs and festive maidens appeared and welted the floor in good shape until sun rise. Mr. Hen. Titzell and Miss E. Basore, Mike Costello and Annie Meyer, Olive Lctson and Mary Ann Engles, C. Basore and Almic Titzell, Elaine Wilkerson, Jake Ilcttlc, Johnny Ilarragan, Will Adams, Joe Harris, Bob Wing, Bob Wagner, Miss Soles, and others togged out in new store clothes shook tho rafters to the tunc of "And Johnny Goes Shouting lor Sarah." I am requested to thank Mrs. Meyers and Jake Wagner for victuals generously donat ed to the hungry but thankful guests. Mr. James Batkin has been seriously ill for some weeks, but his friends hope to see him regain his strength soon. The sociable at the Hicsory Point church last night w as not a success on account of the miserable roads. Our pastor will preach as usual on next Sabbath. A few persons In East Fall Itiver are en deavoring to compel the Commissioners to lay a road to tho Marseilles bridge. The effect will be to compel Fall Kiver to build half of a bridge there, as the present one has been con- demned as unsafe. Bird Bickford says he is going for those Fall Kiver tax liars if they don't come down handsomely for that bridge The attention of the Superintendent of Schools is called to the board of directors in tho Lewis district, Fall Kiver. They are about as Nzy and shiftless a crowd as any civilized community can show. On account of the con dition of the school house, the children of the district have been compelled to sponge on the neighboring schools all winter. Finally when the other schools refused to receive them any any longer, they roused up and hired a teacher. As it is, the district isn't entitled to any funds as they haven't had six months school, and it would teach them a good lesson it they didn't get any. . - -