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At o. 611 to CIS t SIU Btret, (VP Tm. WM. OSMAN BONH, i'mprietor. TlRMS Or" aUBiOHlFTIONJ la huVMca. per mnum J It tot pta till ua of three niunlln l .to mot pwil till end r 1 x niimi hi M,uu By carrier, Any cent cxtr. rtrtfWD cenu year wWwt to p(n teal out u( the oanty tocoer prrpuvmfut uf pnaiauii. Tbeaa term wUl tie nrlctly adliereg to. TO MAlLSlUlrSTKIBKHS. flout be certain that the rtato on tha name lahel on oar paper InuK atea the time tu wliiiU yu have paid tear uba.r!.tl..n. K It 4 "'. PMU" n,,uf' u",",", lately, in keeping lhw account, with to mauy Ulff.-r-at iuharrlUeri error are liable U ownr. au.l we take Ihll method to keep correct a.ouuta with mail ul artbera. If the laliel it not ourm-letl within two werka Tier we ihonld have received paymeut pleaae netlfy ua. W are even more aniloui than you to have the account orrecu OVtt AOKST8: Xnm Fans Tit "y l ohtained at the following lace by the Inille copy.ar iilwrlitl..ui will be taken tor any length of time at the regular ratti! B. H. Pools, Serena, III. t H.ToWHllMi, Maraelllea. D H. Ukdmiiilu, Seneca. eioaoi II. II . for Troy Urove.Opblrand Val laaia. Addrca,Try drove, roatmaater at IlanM. riMtuianler at Tolilca. Pa. K. II. Atwchio, 1H.tant. In. Hkioink, Newt llealer, Mendota. rotlmimrena at lUiiwiin. roitmaxien re aothorued to receive nulwcrlpllont at all poatottlcea In thin coiiniy. '1KVIKKIMI MIENT Wanted In every town In U Salle county. IJheral cum- Bila.Hm. nnld In caali. Write for UTin. nilimi nier BCea in all caw. gnttitii at l '"' " """""'. fined, ill Smitut Clam Mull Miiiur. Ottawa, III., July l, IHH7. Current Events. The testimonial of American admirers of Gladstone was presented to the " great commoner " on Siturdny. I lie presenta tion speech wus nude by the editor of the N. V. World In reply 'Mr. Gladstone said the conservative and unionist opixmitmn had offered no oli action when money had been snt to the Irish' tenants with which to buv food and iwv tlieir rents hut had protested with much show of indignation the momeut Americans contributed money to aid the people of Ireland In furthering agitation in favor of a constitutional g'iv eminent for Ireland, lirriorlti tlie fact that England had Interfered everywhere throughout tlie world. He reiterated his objections to the pro visions of the Coercion bill, which, lie said, Americans would never tolerate, ami ex pensed regret that American visitors to England should witness such a spectacle km I'arllaiuer.t forcing the bill through in spite of old traditions, and the fact that tlie recent elections showed a change In the feeling of the electors emialim; 13 per centum. If the revulsion indicated by those elections were general the position of the conservative and liberal parties would be exactly reversed. The debate on Irish afTilrs has contin ued through the week in the Parliament. On the lvflh the l itter Orangemen cele brated ; anil there were the usual rows in various places. The anticipated revolution In the Hawai ian Islands has actually n:curred, accord ing to advices brought to tlie States by steamers from Australia, which touched there. The old ministry has been deposed by force, and a new one established. All demands made upon the King, for reforms and a new constitution, have been granted by him. It Is probable the King will be allowed to remain on his throne; but his late ministry will be forever drawn from politics, and Gibson, the head of the cabi net, has been arrested, and may yet lose his held. The bottom of the trouble would seem to have been " Ixx idlerlsm," which could he cured in no other way. On Monday the (iiuen arrived In New York from England, where she succeeded in floating a loan of $2,000,000. She pro fesses not to believe much in the revolu tion. She is now on her way to the l.sl amis. Ohio ha begun to make her appearance In politics again, to which state public at tention Is ;rawn by the ellort of Sherman to procure a unanimous endorsement for hU candlitacy at the Toledo convention, to beheld July 127th. The struggle will be between the Blaine and Sherman wings of the republican party ; and the former de clare that If the Sherman men offer a reso lution of endorsement they wi'l opxse it to the last, so that at best It will have the unanimous euiloreinent of the state party, If Indeed the Blaiue men do not holt in a body. 'I here has been, t.H), considerable tain of nominating Thurman for governor by the democrats; but the Judge says he positive ly will not be a candidate, nor aliuw his name to go before the convention. Attorney Urlnnell created a sensation In the boodle trials at Chicago on Thursday week, by making a motion to exclude three of the jurymen accepted by both the (State and the defense on the ground of corrup tlon. Facts were procured, and on Friday they were bounced. Up to last Thursday night, after three weeks' work, enly eight jurymen had been secured. The auuual encampment of Illinois mil itia has been begun at Camp Lincoln at Springfield. The encampments this year will be by regiments, and not by brigades, as formerly, if the temperature be an in Uication of unseen facts, the modern sheol has been located at Springfield this week. St. Louis men semi u second deputation to Washington to Invite the President to that city in October. Oscar J. Harney, of the 1'. 8. treasury department, has leen detected In a new scheme of fraud, by which he has thus far robbed the treasury of about $11,000. He was clerk of the horse claims department and got his money by presenting false claims for animals and forging the signa tures of the various auditors through whose the Tou;hers pass. He has been arrested. On Saturday night a terrible lire occurred Bt Hurley, Wis., In the iron region. It broke out in the Alcazar variety theater, and within an hour tlie entire business part of the town was In a bla.e. Eleven ier sons, niobtly women, were burned in the theater. The loss Is placed at half a mil lion dollars. The Alcazar was a vile den, the destruction of which, had there been do loss of life, would have been looked up on as a blessing, as wiping out a sore, the particulars ol wiioae iniquities are too vile to be even thought of. On Saturday night the sloop Mystery, loaded with excursionists, was capsized near New York by a squall, and between 20 and 30 merry makers were drowned. , The expected excommunication of Itev. Dr. McOlvnn has been published. It ex. communicates him from the communion of the church, iti sacraments and its pray. urd . anil uhnul if he nersist la his course. the right of christian burial will also b taken away. OTTAWA AND THE CABAL BOARD. Something fur tbt City Coo noli aid ta PoopU to toniider. Never did a spring open with brighter promise of nuslness prosperity to the whole country than the spring of 17. Aloney was so plenty at the East that It went beg glng for Investment at low Interest, sod as a cousequence all over the west and loutu new enterprises were springing up at a rate tlie country never befoi bad wit- nehM-d The spirit reached Ottawa and our peo ple said, with one accord, "Let Ottawa also have b boom!" An Important Industry in the form of an Organ factory offered to lr cate among us If adequate Inducements were held out, and our people with entbu slastlc and generous promitness gave a l aus of J0,(MMI and live acres of ground and secured the prize. .Soon after a local company was organized and a Pottery was erected that promises to be another luipor taut addition to our Industries. Meantime lmKrtant additions were made to our var lous glass works, tile works and other ex Isting industries, the erection of a large and lmKirtant new business block was com menced, and handsome new private Tesl dences as well as less pretentious cottages beg in to spring up all over the city. Over these apparently bright skies for Ottawa a threatening cloud has gathered. Ottawa has i mi i fined herself in possession of a valuable water siwer, upon which Plow Factory, Furniture Factory, two planing mills, two large flouring mills, and the lurce and lmsirtant works of the Pio neer Fire Proofing Construction Co., have been erected. These are Industries cer tul nly second In Importance to no others In the city. I i nt through the criminal mis management and bid faith of the state au thoritles having charge of the Illinois and Michigan canal these Industries are not only In danger of being badly crippled, but ultimately destroyed. The history of our water power, In a word, is this: When the canal was con structed, in order to secure water to feed It from Marseilles to La Salle, a feeder was constructed from the Fox river at Dayton to Ottawa. It happened, however, that John Oreen owned the riparian rights and water of the west half of the river, Abra ham Trumbo owning the opposite half. Mr. Oreen agreed in consideration that the state would erect a permanent dam and construct a navigable feeder to Ottawa, to cede half his water to the state, that half or one fourth of the river oeing deemed at the time suflicient, not only for all needs of the canal, but also to furnish a water power at Ottawa, for tlie utilization of which the side-cut ami hydraulic basin were constructed by the State. Later on in 1 H.1 tbo surplus water from Duyton not being regarded, In view of Mr. Ti umbo's right to half the river, as suflicient to make a reliable water power at Ottawa, a joint stock company was formed, consisting ol teore v,. walker, W. 11. VV. Cushman, L. Lelaud, J, V. A. Hoes and Geo. S. Fisher, w ho having permanently leased whatever water power the state had at Ottawa, at an expense of f 18,000 bought ut the right of Mr. Trumbo to the east half of the river at Dayton, and also satis fied, at an expense of 0,000, the claim of A. H, How land for damages for diverting the waters of Fox river from his rapids at what Is known as Lyman's mound. Thus the whole river, except what was reserved by Mr. Green, belonged to the Ottawa Hy- lraulic Company, and In consideration that said Company would allow the state to use a portion of its water to help feed the canal In times of drought, as well as In fulfil ment of its engagement to supply the side- cut and bit' In at Ottawa, the state agreed to keep the Dayton Feeder permanently in gisxl condition and repair. Now. how has the state, through its pres ent canal board, kept this solemn contract and agreement? A weea ago Mr. Robert Wilson, a well kuown thoroughly compe tent engineer, was sent to Dayton by per sons Interested in our industries dependant on this water power, and made a close ex amination. He reports that although no water passes over the dam at Dayton, gm-h- eiyhth of the water is taken or wastes out of tlie feeder, anil that one eiijhth reaches Ottawa to feed the canal and supply our hydraulic basin. Why? Ilecause of sheer ueglect of the canal authorities to pay the least attention to the waste of water at and below Dayton, and to keep the feeder clear of bars and weeds so as to enable the water to pass. From 18.")!) to 1802 the same Individual who is uow General Superintendent of the canal had charge of that work at and around Ottawa, and during that time the same luelllcleucy and stupidity in the man agement of the water power was displayed that shows itself now, and that valuable property became worthless. In ISti'i the management of the canal passed into the hands of W tu. Thomas, and from that time on until 1885, such a thing as a deficiency of water under a first class lease waa un known at Ottawa, except occasionally on accouut of very thick Ice In extreme cold weather. With the return of Mr. Lelghton to power the same lack of common sense or common honesty comes back In the man ageuteut of the water power at Ottawa. Our factories, our planing mills and our flouring mills stand Idle for want of water, and the great Tile Works stand ready to curse the day they put $150,000 In their plant here, depend lug on water power they now tind a delusion and a fraud. What alls M r. (superintendent Lelghton ? I be a knave or a fool? Or Is the Board behind him couijHjsed of anaves or fools? That they are not men of common pease or common honesty Is shown by their movement In other direc tions. They have decided, on account of a few thousand do), lars' expense Involved In putting that valu able work In repair, to abandon the Kanka kee Feeder, Intending to feed the long level between Channahan and Marseilles by doubling the supply of sewer swash and filth from Chicago; or when remon strated w ith against that outrage, have said they would feed the canal from the Dupage river; while every man of sense who has lately crossed the bridge ou the Hock Is land road east of Mlnonk knows that all the water now In the Dupage would run through a six inch stove pl( e! Shall the eople of Ottawa tamely sub mlt to these virorgsand outraged? Sh ill (he people along the w hole line i f the canal submit to the proponed ollutlon of the waters of that structure and Its ultimate destruction by tlie neglect and abandon men! of Its absolutely needed feeders? The matter Is of such grave Importance as to demand the Immediate attention of our city authorities and ought to be taken in hand, at once, through public meetings and other jsipular demonstrations, Wy the people of the cities of the canal and river region. WHY THEY DO NOT WANT HIM. The It' jiiihlirun says the reason the G. A. It. objects to President Cleveland's presence In 8t. Louis at the time of the (J A. It. encampment, Is the "evident lnten tion of tlie senders of the Invitation to make political capital for hlin and party." It is a noteworthy fact that no such ob. lection was made by democrats or republi cans to the presence of Gen. John A. Logan at the encampment at Minneapolis, after he had been nominated for vice president, which encampment was but little more than a great campaign gathering In the interest of Rlalne and Logsn. The rule ought to work both ways. No objection was made by democratic members of the G. A. It. at that time to the confessed "worklng"of that encuinpinent by Logan in his political interest; but immediately a denuH-ratie. President, not a nominated candida'e, Is Invited to be in a city at the same time the G. A. It meets, behold! the republican members discover the magni tude of the offense of allowing a ".politician room in the same city with them! it de- sjnds, It seems, In the eyes of the leaders, on whose ox is gored, to make up a case of "politics" at G. A. It meetings. 15Qt what right lias the Rt'inihUmn to say that the Invitation was sent for political purposes? None whatever. The invitation rame Irom about 110,000 St. Louisiana Ir respective of party, and from the Mer chants' Exchange, also anon political organ ization of business men. No. The objection Is made by the bigots of the order I ecause Air. Cleveland happens to be a democratic president and solely because he is a democrat. Every demiK-rat.veteran or clvllian.ought to thank God that of all the mean things democrats have been accused of.it has never been pos sible for republicans to charge them with so coiitemptable or so small a meanness as theexhlbition made by Tuttle, Fairchild and tlie others who have compelled the President to withdraw his acceptance of that invitation. Only a republican of the Tuttle, Fairchild stamp has been found capable of so disgusting an exhibition us to threaten Insult to a President of the United States! TARIFF REFORM. ElUTon FllKK UADKIt: There was manufactured In the United States f21, 151,371 worth of glass in 18X0. Of this the St tteof Illinois manufactured !)01,;M:l, and tlie County or La Salle $.TJ:J, :M!J worth, the S ate being tlie sixth, and the county the eleventh glass producing county In the United States. There were employed In the county :J:17 men and 50 children, receiving a total of $lf)3,509 In wages or $ 505 1!) each for the year, which was the highest wages paid iu the glass In dustry, by any county in America. Now If it lie true that the Industry in the higher wage paying locality, will be crushed out by the lower, how Is it possible to maun facture glass here in La Salle County, whe.e wages are from 20 Xo 100 per cent higher than In the other states around about us? The difference In wages be tween the sutes is as great as between the wages of European and American glass workers, and it the low wage receiving la bor here in America cannot crush out the high, how is It possible for the low wage receiving labor of Europe to crush it out, handicapped and clogg-d as it Is by freight rates?. Pennsylvania manufactures 41.23 per ceut of all our glass. La Salle county paid In 1880 20 per cent, and Is now paying over 38 per cent higher wjges than Penn sylvania. Now with perfect freedom of trade between these states, how Is It posl ble to manufacture any glass at all In La Salle county, if wages are tlie test of com peting power. If tlie law, that the higher wages Is the cheaper labor, however, Is ot uuiversal ap plication, the problem Is already solved. We should expect to find glass produced with less lalsr cost in La Salle county where wages In glass are highest, and such is the I fact, as shown by the census. The aver age labor cort In the ten counties of the United States producing more glass than La Salle, is 41 per cent of their product. In the next ten highest, each producing less than La Salle county, the labor cost is 40 per ceut of their product, while the la bor cost in La Salle county Is but !17 per cent. The lower wage paying states can not crush out our La Salle county glass In dustries for the obvious reasocfihat com petition Is not in the labor market, hut in the glass market, and each flOO worth of glass In the common market, ours, bears a Jlv dollars less labor cost than theirs. J tt htuher tM aitofM the rheantr the labor. Is a law of universal application. It Is true as between the states It Is pre-eminently so as applied to Kurr pean and An erlcan la bor. 1 draw a comparison with our coun ty of La Salle, because It occupies the proud ponltlon of being the highest wage paying locality. In the glass Industry, of any spot ujKin the Inhabitable globe and Its labor Is therefore above and superior to the ou etltlon of mm productive, profitless, pau pe(' labor, either foreign or domestic. Mr. Trimble truly says, that the cost of the raw material of clsss is about the same In Europe as in Amefy the difference is but from one to twofer cent, varying with the different localities, ami sometimes favoring the one, and then the other; aud he assumes therefore that the difference In cost between European and American glass Is "the difference In the scale of European and American wages." But this Is evident ly erroneous, as we have seen ; neither Is the difference In cost, the difference In la bor cost, but simply of Uirif cost. There was manufactured In the United States $5,047,313 worth of window glass In 18X0, tor w hich there wa9pald to labor $2,. 130,530 making the average American la bor cost of window glass 42.4 per cent of Its product, of which Illinois produced ::73,;M3 worth, at a labor cost of 30 per cent. Laborers In window glass making are almost exclusively men, and wages ran- ged all the way from 411 per annum la New Jersey to $055 per annum In Illinois; and here, again, the law that the higher wage is the cheaper labor, holds goxl in the w indow glass, as in the other Indus tries. Now, keeping In mind the wages paid in window glass manufacturing, and also the amount manufactured In 18X0, It will throw a flood of light upon the subject to know that in 18X0 we imported 27,1)27,414 lbs. of window glass and in 18x0 we imported 51,- 570,255 lbs., psylng a duty of $1,174,311, which duty ranged from 61.03 per cent to 100 83 per" cent according to sizes, and av eraging over SO per cent- The duty paid ou wiiid w gl iss but year, evidently, was more than half the entire amount paid In wages to all our lalsirers in the window glass industry, as it is much more than the half paid them In 18x0, when we imported less, and therefore probably made more than in lxxij. In 18X0 the imported window glass paid a duty of (iD per ceut. In 18xt( there wastw'ceas much Imported, paying a du ty ol 80 per ceut. If a tariff prevents ln-va-lon of our market, why does increasing the duty double the importation? Reduc ing the duty would as certainly reduce im portation aud before it was entirely wiped out we should be exporting instead of im porting glass. Mr. Trimble says the present tariff is the result of the ripe experience and meas- urless wisdom of the tariff commission of 1882. He describes the fountains upon w hich it drew lor inspiration to guide judg ments already matured in statemanshlp, and declares, in substance, that to touch tlie perfected product of that unselfish in vestigation for many years would be noth ing short of sacrilege. Pollock's Apotheo sis of tlie power and genius ol Byron standing upon the Alps and the Appenln es, pales before Mr. Trimble's description of the wisdom, the learning, the justice of that commission, and the tariff of 1883, the work of its hands. But Pollock says, after all Byron weut to II sheol, and I say likewise, the tariff of 1S83 should go to keep him company. That commission in its report declared that '"excessive du ties are positively injurious to the Indus tries they are- supposed to foster," recom mended a general reduction of frcm 20 to 4 per cent, and formulated a tariff bill to secure that result. Now if they were hon est, w hat must be said of their wisdom ? and if wise, what must be said of their Integrity, in view of the mess they made of it? They advised a large reduction of the tariff This satisfied the disconted tariff re formers. They engineered a bill through Congress, that the Initiated well under stood would, in its practical operation, result In still more Intense protection: like the man in the boat, who looks In one directi m while rowing in the other. The committee filled full to the brim the purpose of its projectors; it satisfied the discontented elements, and consolidated the party for the campaign of 1884. Upon its face, the bill reduced the tariff from 42.34 per cent to 40.87 or by neaily two per cent, luMead of from 20 to 25 as recommended by the committee, and this reduction was in tended to be apparent merely, not real. Upon those things that were not and could not be imported, the law made large paper reductions. Upon those that could be, and were imported, the act generally Increas ed the duty. Like all protective tariffs, It was a mere make-pretense, juggle, and deception. Thus the first six months of its operation In 1883, increased the duty over the corresponding period of 1882, as shown by the report of the ways and means com mittee, upon manufacturers of wool 2.19 per cent; upon earthern and china ware 4. 79 per ceat-. upon glass, 98; upon spirits w Ines Ax ; 19 08 per cent ; upon malt liquors, 3.67 per ceut ; upon iron aud steel and manu factures thereof, 3.12 percent. Upon the face ot the act the tariff was apparently reduced, yet by means of specific duties, which increase the rate, as goods decliae In price, the general average is much higher iow than it was In 1882. The jug gllng act of 18X3, heralded as a reduction, is steadily Increasing the tariff. Upon du liable importations of 18X3 the actual rate paid was 42 34 percent; in 1880 It wa9 46.3 per cent, and of the above named articles the eseclal favorites of protection, the ac tual duties paid have been increased as follows, from 1882 to 1880: On woolens from 00.71 to 67.29 per cent; on earthen and china ware from 42.88 to 56.08 per cent ; on Iron and steel and manufactures thereof, from 30 13 to 37 89 per cent; and on window glass, the proposed subject of this Investigation, we find the average duty paid upon It In 1883 was 6H ner cent, In 1883(19 per cent, in 1881 73 pr cent, in 1885 70 per ceut, and In 1880 80 per cent. This constantly increasing duty Is secur ed under a, cheapening product, by the mere trick of substituting specific, for Ad- rnlorum duties; and this Is the "reduction" given us by the much vaunted tariff com mission ot 183. "By their fruits ye shill kwow them," and judged by Its fruits, I submit, that If the commission was hon est, It was ignorant, and if competent, it was fraudulent. And I will here remark, In passing, that the Hon. Samuel J. Itandall, the acknowl edged champion of protection In the bouse of repreienutlves, also declared In sub. stance, that the tariff of 1883 Isire thv Im presslon of the accumlated wisdom of the nation, and he deprecated any disturuance or change of It for at letst twenty years. Yet within a twelve-month thereafter, he himself Introduced a bill for "tariff re form," a single item of which illustrates the object of protection It Its very height and depth. It raised the duty upon tin from one to two and one-half cents per pound. The Inquiry at once arose, why take tin from tbe "perfect" tariff of 1883, and raise its duty 150 per cent? The rid dle did not remain long remain unread. The true inwardness of the proceeding waa soon discovered in the publication that mammoth deposits cf tin had beendls covered in Dakota, that these deposits cropped out over a range of about 68,000 acres, much of which is bo pure that it re. mains uncorroded by the exposure of the ages, and that this vast tract was tak en up Vy syndicates formed and forming, in both Europe and America. It was then appar ent that this proposed increase of tariff upon tin waa a wise, timely, and patriotic precaution to prevent the pauperization of labor American that might beengagedln the future development of that infant industry. Of course, without this extra 150 per cent of protection the American laborer would decend to the level of the Europeon pauper engaged in the like industry, who receives but a trifle higher wages than the highly protected America iron worker. The God of nature beBtowed this vast de posit, a rich and priceless blessing up m tue American people; but so far a9 legis lation can render It bo, protection, would make its discovery a positive cuise. Be cause of its comparative cheapness tin en ters largely into many of the industries, and is of universal use in domestic life, it is the culinary and kitchen ware of the common people. But nature having yield ed up this vast and free deposit, the blighting mildew of protection at once overshadows It, and because it is a free gift, hereafter we must have dear tin. The outrage of copper protection, must be re peated in tin. We had free and cheap cop per, until meisureless deposits of the pure material were unfortunately discover ed upon the shores of Lake Superior. Then came protection, and its correlative curse, costly copper to the people. We bad free and cheap copper before we found and mined it. Then came six cents per pound protection. It Instantly wlpeu out our prot Itable commerce with Chili; destroyed our carrying trade, wrecked the large smelting works in Baltimore, Boston and other sea port cities discouraged ship building, hastened the destruction of our mercantile marine by multiplying the cost of Bheath Ing, rivets, bolts and other copper ship sup plies, and drove more men out of the car rying trade then it has furnished employ, ment In tlie mines; and what has it given in return? Forty or fifty millionaires, a few poorly paid laborers In the copper mines, aud the most expensive copper to a?y people of earth, instead of furnishing labor protection, by increasing the price, lessened the demand, clogged and retarded the output, and thus deprived American labor of the natural and full emplopment in its production, and today less labor is employed In the mines, than lands at Cas tle Garden trom Europe of an afternoon. It made millionaires, by legalizing suih monstrous extortion that the copper mines of Michigan, as found by the commissioner of mineral statistics, have divided greater dividends than have been declared by all the gold mines of California tlnce tlie dis covery of gold in 1849. These dividends were wrung from sweating millions, that monopoly might fatten on the tribute, thus destroying tue commonwealth, by giving wealth to few and misery to the multitude ; and so we might make the full round of the Industries and show that protection renders every natural advantage, so far as legislation can make it so, a positive curse to the country ; but these two illustrations must suffice for the present. They are specimen bricks in the edifice of protection, and to the shame ot the structure it may truthfully be said, that the entire pile is faithfully represented by the samples. But to return from this digression to the glass industry. Mr. Trimble declares that without a tariff equal to the difference in the scale of foreign and domestic wages, our glass manufactures "humbly ac knowledge that they cannot proceed to business," etc. etc, I reply, that with a protective tariff equal not only to the dif ference, but equal to the entire laber costdT the European and American product com bined, they do not proceed to business, but upon the contrary, manufacture a much smaller per cent of our window glass than ibey did thirty years age under a horizon tal duty ot but 15 per cent. How is It that now under a duty equivalent to a horizontal 80 per cent, the foreigner Is enabled to In vade our market with balf as much window glass as we ourselves manufacture, while In I860 nnder a horizontal duty of but 15 per cent we Imported but 1 1 per cent of It ? I ara curious to know how It Is, that now, under a tariff on window gltss, from COO to 800 per cant higher than It was thirty years ago, we Import 500 per cent more of our glass now, than we did then ;and further how It was possible, whn under absolute free trade, we were large exp irters of glass, that now under a tariff of 80 per cent we import half as much as we manufacture. The tariff does not prevent, but permits tbe Invasion. Under absolute f ee trade we would not otily manufacture our own glass, hut would again become exporters Instead of importers of It. Mr. Trimble, like other protectionists, al leges that "protection cheapens product ion ;" savs to prove it, one has only " but to look around him," to see everything cheaper than It was under the low tariff of I860; says that glass rules 20 per cent lower than it did "40 years a;o under the opera tion of the democratic low tariff of 1843," etc. It Is unfortunate for Mr. Trimble, that he Is somewhat "off In his facts." The tariff ot 1813 was not a " democratic low tariff," and this fact comes back to plague him. It is a refutation of the theory he seeks t establish by It, to wit: That "pro tectlon cheapens product." The tariff of 1843 was an Intensely protective one, the result of the whig victory of 1840. It was passed to raise the price of goods, and re duce the wages of labor, and It accomplish ed its purpose. Pending Its pusage, Silas Wright sad of It, "Strip this bill of Its hypocritical captUn, protection to Ameri can industry," and call it what it really Is. "An act to rob the industrious laborer for the benefit of capital, and no American laborer will be found to vote for It." The bill passed, however, but did not change the duty on glass, and therefore did not affect wages and prices In that industry, except in sympithy with other Industries. Since February 11th, 1825 the duty on window glass had been a specific, high protective one, and It remained unchanged until July 30th, 18 10. It was about the same for that whole periixl as it la today, and if protect ian cheapens glass, why should Mr. Trim ble complain of the high price of glass In 1843, after It had rece.ved enormous and steady protection for 20 years? Prices may decline under protection ; wages may advance under It; but if so, both decline in prices, and advance in wages are in spit e, not because of protection. The glass In dustry has twice received steady and enor mous protection for over 20 years. First,, from 1821-5 to 1840; second, from 18(11-5 to 1887 and during both periods, the price of glass materially increased, as we shall see, under protection. Bystander. The Union Pacific Hail Road investiga tion when finished will show the j ib to have been one of the most stupendous frauds of tha age. From facts already learned the Chicago Tribune says: The road was actually built from two thirds of the proceeds of the government subsidy and first mortgage bonds, the other third lining divided among tbe rubbers. The $36,000,000 of stm k represents noth ing aud is still unpaid for, as shown by the books of tbe company. So also $20,000,000 of fraudulent dividends, and the $10,000 a mile mortagege on the vast land grant was jobbed, and so the $10,000 a mile of in come bonds come under the head of pure plunder. In all over $100,000,000 over and above a fair profit was scooped In Suck gigantic robbery was never heard of before or since the foundation of tbe American goverumeat. Yet when an I nvestigation of the affairs of the company was asked, the senate, at the last session of Congress, objected to It, and but for the Intense pressure of public opinion the appointment of the committee never would have been cons ented to by that body! Wonder if many of them are uneasy now It is being made? w. c. t. r. We have received the following notice. which we take pleasure in publishing: V.ni nnrl vnnr friends are cordial v invited to attend the Eighth District W. C. T. U. camp meeting, to be held in Marseilles, 111., Thursday and Friday, July 21st and 22d. TIip l i crloh liintrict comDries (hecttunties of Du Page, Kendall, Will, Grundy and La Salle. We trust that every loval W. C. T. l. n-niTinn will feel it. her dutv and privilege to help make this meeting a representative one of the temperance sentiment in these coun ties. All lemrjerance sooieties are invited to come and enjoy the meetings with us. Will the churches ana maiviauais ainuiy extend this notice. The meeting will open Thursday a 2 p. m., and continue during Friday and Friday ev- euing. A full programme is being prepared. Among those who will be present are Miss Helen L. Hood, of Chicago ; Rev. J. W. Conlev. Joliet; Miss Helen Walker, State Superintendent of Signal Work ; Mrs. Lum . ry, President of the District, and a goodly number of other speakers. Miss Cora Johnson will conduct the I.oyai Legion and Band of Hope exercises. The Marseilles W. C. T. I . will entertain the members of the W. C. T. U. from a dis- eance. Mrs. Caroline B. Buell, National Secretary of N. W. C. T. U., will address the meeting Thursday evening. Wonderful Cure. D. Lorriaux. Retail Druwist of Ottawa, 111., says: We have been selling Dr. King's New Discovery. Electric Bitters and UucK- len's Arnica Salve for six years. Have never handled remedies that sell as wen. or give such universal satisfaction. There have been some wonderful cures effected by these medicines in the city. Several cases of pro nounced Consumption nave been entirely cureJ hy the use of a few bottles of Dr. King's New Discovery, laken in conneciiuu ith Klectric Bitters. We zuarantee them always. Sold by D. Lorriaux. Tl members of the Patriarchal Circle left Tuesday morning for Milwaukee, to attend their annual cona'aa at tlat p ace.