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The Free Trader
'OK 1888. Be Free Trafler Is a Tariff Reformer. It bellevw Hi hevl-t bunli-m of the Amerli mi pro uvUve njuem fall upon Die Ktrnier. 1. kii-..,i,. firmer recclvtw nothing In return; but, on the contrary, tint he U hampered hy It In h rfforti to extend li Is rxuun irmui. 1. ,n.,... 11,. 1 1 hi' nn.Kvtive tariff In an Injury ti the IIWlli1vi"- 1 working man; that 1m wag would t higher without It, hU employment teadler. unci mi f" MiceMartia of life, very mnch lew. It will advocate tariff reform (not Irf trial') and I w MxecMuppuned to free whlnky and Iouimto. It will teach demorratic doctrine" nud nuppurl demo cratic men and meiuurii. It bellevea In and will aapport hone.t government fur the benefit of the whole people, ami not a flaw. It la opiKjaed to unjuat combination! of all aorta. It wUI atrlve to iwrpetuate, the control which the Dem ocratic party now ha ot the national government, m fcelog the bt the people hae had for many yearn. in the conflict of the year T11 k Kiikk Tiahrii will be found In the fight ai umial. It will be v good a paper aa can he inide, It will be a paper for I Salle county votera and tax payer, devoted to their Intercut, and giving them re. liable luformatlou only. I'ltKMIl'MS. To all new luu-crlbera, and to all old ow who pay pall arrearage and one year In advance, the Fc TaI)I will glv, aa premium, a copy lor one year of that excellent Farm 1'aper, the Fakm, Ktw k ash Horn, a aplendld farmer' paper. I-KKMIUMH rot NW HtllM K1IIXHN. Any one lending u one NEW ub-rlner will he Riv en their choice of any out of the following premium! : Our Family Hiyilclan. Ilupp'a Calculator. iMiU' Manual of Fancy Work. Jenny June' Needle Work. Jenny Jone'a KnlttlnR and Embroidery. Janny June' Letter and Monogram. Ladle' World-one year. Ladles' Home Journal one year, For ttro NEW ulicrlber any one of the following : Chicago Weekly Journal, Time, Inter Ocean, Trlb ane or Now. American Agricultural, American Ilec Journal American l'otiltry World, Toledo Wade. New York Tribune Herald, Hun or World, with pre mium book. Prairie Farmer, Conner Journal. For Am NEW ubi:rlbeni for one year: Voutha Companion one year, llarpvr'a Young People one year, or Wiwtern Itural one year. The Century or Harper' Weekly or Harper'! Ilivar will be ent free foi aeven new ubr.rllM-r. Harper' Monthly for tlx new lulwcrtbur. Se.rihner't for five new auterihera. The Forum or I'opulur Science Monthly for nine new autocrine. Bt. Nlehola for live new aulme.rluerH. Wide Awake for four new lubucrlher. "If you don't ice what you want, Hk for It." Will Py nommlwloni In caxli If you want It. "Nkw autiiM-rlbem" mean pcrauni not now taking our paper not renewal!. Current Events. On Saturday night Inst a terrible cy clone swept over the city of Mount Vernon, in Southern Illinois, at about 5 o'clock, anil destroyed a greater part of the town. The ruins then took tire and burned furiously, the little tire department being unable to cope against the 11 allies. The Ions of live.-i is estimated at 2(h), some of those wounded hy the wreck being burned during the lire in the ruins. The probable pecuniary loss Is about 1,000,000, and the public build ings damaged were the county and Su premo Court Houses, the former being totally demolished, and the latter being unroofed. There is much suffering in the city, but aid U flowing in from all parts of the county. The Democratic National Committee in a meeting at Washington on Thursday last changed the date ot the national nominat ing convention from July .1 to June .r, and named 8t. Louis as the place of holding the convention. The fisheries treaty was sent to the senate this week with a message recoin mending Its ratification. It was generally conceded to be favorable to American interests; but considerable opposition has arisen to 11, and it Is now announced Unit it will probably lie rejected. An "omnibus" bill for the admission of Dakota, Montana, Wai-hlngtoii Territoiy and New Mexico as Slates will probably he presented in the J Inline next week, by Mr. Springer. It treats the new States very liberally in the gills of lauds for .-'chool and chniitahle purposes, and turns liver to tliem all the It. S. penitentiaries and animus now exiting. The republi cans will nieseiit a minority bill. The Secretary of war has replied to a demaol for Information touching rebel flags. It will be consoling to know that They are all safe in their custody ol the war department and that none have been oaned, given away or disposed of by the Ipresent administration, though prior to 18(57 21 were given up by Mr. Stanton, then Secretary. Mr. Culberson of Texas, has Introduced h constitutional amendment prohibiting iwlygamy in the U. S. or territory subject lo Its jurisdiction. On Tuesday last the President and Mrs. Cleveland, Co). Lament and a few others left Washington by a special train for Jacksonville, Florida, to visit the subtrop. leal exposition. Arriving at the latter city on Wednesday, an enthusiastic reception was given them Thursday was spent In St. Augustine, where there was another reception. Washington's birthday, which is happily becoming more and more a national holi day and a day of the teachlrg of politics, was celebrated In Chicago by a I'mon League Club oration ly Mr. Cliatincey M. )jw, anil a banquet by the club In the evening, Mr. Depew's speech was In the main a defense of the tarlli" system, from m rich man's standpoint, but It contained nothing to encourage the poor. In the venlng oue of the speakers was Andrew Carnegie, the Pittsburg millionaire steel rail maker, whose text was "American Citizenship:" but he to fur forgot his text and bis breeding as to devote his time to a reply to lion. Ben IJutterworth's speech, at the name table, In favor of . a reciprocal treaty with Canada. Air. Carnegie doesn't believe in reciprocity or anything that will interfere with his profits as a protected rail maker. Of course not. Mr. Scott, of the Pennsylvania road, remarked In a speech inlSHd, that this "subject of the Queen." luring "dull times," drew out of hU rall mlll in profits of f 5,000 a day for dayi, and Mr. Carnegie does not own the entire plant, either. Keclproclty with Canada, or any other country, might reduce his annual profits-to only a million, and that would be disastrous. Wiien our readers peruse the speeches on the tariff at the Union League t 'lub In tbelr great dailies, they might then read Bill Nye's statement of a jxior far mer's views on the same topic, which we print elsewhere to-day. The Chicago police have come to the conclusion that one W. 15. Tascott was the man who nurdered Snell in Chicago re cently. Cut Tascott has yet to be captured, unless a young inau answering hi$ descrlp tli n, arrested at Le'-iat on, Mo., shall prove to be he. Judiie Harlan has handed down an opin ion adverse to the rights of the Illinois Central 11. H. Co. 'a rights in the submerged lands east of the "Ike Front" Chicago; these are the property of the city, the rail road, however, holding where It now occu pies. , , , A 8. P. K H train was stopped and the express car robbed in Arlz ina on Wednes day evening by two masked men. The amount taken is said to be large. The sugar trust is credited with pocket ing a Det extra profit of $7,200,000 by Increase of prices during the few weeks since the "trust" was organized. The back bone of the Heading strike appears to have been broken, the company having been forced to make concessions, among them a reduction of price ot sup plies. The men have been ordered hack to the mines; alamt one half of which were in operation yesterday, and all are expected to be so on Monday, W, W. Corcoran, the Washington mil lionaire and philanthropist,! again serious ly ill. The Territorial Supreme court of Dako ta has In a recent opinion aflirmed the le gality of the local option law of the terri tory. The crow n prince of Get many does not appear to he as well since the operation performed upon his throat as was expected, and does not rest well. The opening of parliament has not Renslbly encouraged the ministerialists of Great Britain. It Is true the government majority is (JO and can be inci eased to 100 if necessary ; nevertheless they Hre as a party not in fine working condition; for it Is felt that the uncertalns will in an em ergency swing over to the Gladstone side of the house. The proceedings have thus far been uninteresting and unimportant; except that the dynamiter excitement, etc., have caused the revision of of the rules touching the admission of spectators, and the public will be practically barred out, or admitted only under close police sup ervlslon. On Saturday Inst John Hooper, M. P., editor of the Cork Herald, was released from Tullainore prison after two months' Incarceration for taking part in League meetings. During his imprisonment he was punished for refusing to associate with common criminals! On the same day Mr. Graham, M. P., was also released. He attended the I ratal uar square meeting. REPUBLICAN DI8H0NE8TY. There was never anything more thor oughly dishonest in the politics of this country than the present boisterous and persistent uttempt of the Hepublican press and party leaders to make the voters be lieve tiiat the issue presented by the Presi dent's message and endorsed by the Dem ocratic party Is that of free trade nrniiM protection. There Is not one word In the message that can be honestly construed as even distantly favoring what the Republi cans mean by the terms "free trade," nor a word that can be honestly construed as op posing the principle of protection. The President himself forestalled such a per version of his meaning by distinctly dis claiming all thought or intention of favor ing what is popularly known as Uie doc trine of "free trade" as opposed to protec tion, and in advance stigmatised any such effort as a dishonest 'bandying of words." What the President did say was, that there was then in the treasury, in spite of a largo resort during the preceding summer to the doubtful expedient of buying gov ernment bonds In the open market at a high premium, a surplus of ifS.I.OOO.OOO ; that the government was collecting 1W,- 000,000 a year In excess of its needs; and he submitted the question, shall this sur plus be spent or shall it be stopped? He portrayed the Inevitable demoralization and corruption that must attend theextrav. agant expenditure of such a vast sum, and showed that wisdom dictated thut'the sur plus should lie stopped. P.iH how? It could be done by repealing tlie tobacco and whisky tax. Mut these taxes were in the interest of good morals and oppressed no body. There were, however, m:iny glaring and oppressing abuses In our present tariff system, and he believed that, without affecting adversely a single meritorious in dustry of the country, but vastly to the ben eflt of nust of them, many of these abuses could be eliminated, and especially the free list enlarged for raw materials, the useless tax on which was so burdensome to so many of our great manufacturing In dustries; and he gave as a single Instance the tax on wool, by which the great woolen Industry of this country was brought to the verge of ruin. This is the question and this the issue presented by the President's message and taken up by the Democratic party. Why do not the Republicans meet it instead of shouting "tree trader" The Republicans know that these abuses in our tariff exist ; John Sherman admits it; their last Presi dent and their last two secretaries of the treasury admitted them and urged their elimination without effect; their owu Tariff Commission recommended the same thing, and two of their national conven tions promised It. The honest men in their own party, when approached individually on the sub ject, as freely admit that our present tariff greatly needs reform, and exactly in the direction Indicated in the President's mes sage. Thus, among hundreds of others that might lie Instanced the lion. Henry W. Leman, of Chicago, a representative Republican, In an interview with an at tacheof the Chicago Journal, a few days ago, when asked his views oti the tariff question, said : I favor maintaining a tariff for protec tion, hut only where it Is necessary to ena hie home industries to thrive. I think, perhaps, some industries need no longer the present protection, and I favor the re duction of the same wherever it can be done without crippling the existing home Industries; and this reduction should be made on articles of necessity first. 1 be lieve the protective policy has resulted In great good to the country at large In the past, but It should not be extended beyond the limits of reason, nor should it exist at all whenever the industries of the country can sustain themselves without it. This we pronounce to be sound Demo crutlc doctrine and an exact statement of the issue presented by the President's message. Why, then, do the Republicans dodge the Issue and raise the senseless howl of "free trade!1" Their o urse can bear no other construction than that of a confession of weakness. John Jarrett ought to be good authority on the subject of labor. He Is a republi can and a protectionist in the best of standing, and what he may say on tke sub ject Is certainly not the result of any demo cratic tendencies on his part, though in this particular case very unrepubllcan, as appears from his statement that his expe- rlence among the coal miners In England induces him to say that "they are really better cared for than are the coal miners in the United States." AT LAST. To the people at large will come a feel ing of Intense gratification that at last the alleged boodler cases are, on Monday next, to come to a hearing In open court, and the merltsof the indictments to be determined by law. For more than a year Messrs. Raymond, Rartels and Milligan'have rested under Indictments for having defraudeJ the county of sums of money, and throughout all this time there has been kept up through the columns of the "cellar organ," evidently for some purpose, an indecent assault, no only on the indicted themselves, but upon all those who were friendly with them or who Insisted thut the men should be allowed the privilege of a judicial trial before being counted with common crim inals and sneak thieves. Because the Fkek Tkadkh has hereto fore declared that justice and fair dealing requires that these men have an unpreju diced and impartial trial, and be adjudged according to the law and the evidence to be developed on their trials In the courts, it has been denounced by the "Investiga tors' as opposed to the enforcement of criminal law in these cases. Because it lias insisted that they be not tried and con demned upon the irresponsible statements made upon the streets and colored by the prejudlceof avowed personal enemies of the Indicted, who might or might not be of the members of the Investigating commit tee, it has been termed by euch irresponsi bles the especial organ of boodlerisin and the friend of criminals. For preferring, for the credit of the people of LaSalle county, that the boasts of the criminality of theso men, made by the prosecution, should not bo realized on their trial, the Fkkk Tkadkh has been continually misrepre sented and villitied. The Fiuck Tkaoki. has in the past criti cized the conduct of the prosecution of these cases, and the manner of carrying on t'.iis Investigation, as well as the accuracy of its findings. And why should it not? Here was an investigation ordered, for pur poses of fairness, tiy the board of supervis ors, carried on by some of the members of the commltte, with the secret, if not openly avowed hope of finding defalcation on the part of Messrs. Alilligan, Raymond and Bartels. There was no impartiality in its desires or in its conduct, and no apparent show of fairness. The members of if, lu stead of keeping the results of their search If any, to themselves,, and reporting the same to the county board or to the public prosecutor, persisted In furnishing the same in advance to the Ottawa Journtl,to ho published for the sole purpose of creat ing, as was announced by one of them, a public sentiment favorable to the Investi gators and agidnst the ex-ofticials under vestigation. In an eagerness to fasten the stamp of suspicion upon these men the grand jury room was resorted to, and In ilictnieut upon indictment teturned against them. Did it thereupon become necessary, in order to bolster up the case charged, that, from the time of the rendition of these indictments until this present time these men should have been at work ransacking records and resorting to the columns of an unscrupulous press and vilifying all who have not joined In their denunciation r In tins whfrl of denunciation the court even lias not escaped. For a week past the Journal lias teemed with slanderous denun ciation of Judge Blanchard, because he saw lit to place for trial on Monday next the case of ex Sheriff Milligan, Indicted for withholding public money, rather than the case of Bartels, w hose case it was prior thereto tacitly understood should go over until next term. This paper, and the men it Is acting for, casts out the insinua tion, if not the open charge, that Judge Blanchard forgot hi public duty when he set the case as he did a charge wholly uncalled for and one that will receive but little consideration from the people of the county who know Judge Blanchard. No matter what people may think of Judge Blanchard as a jurist, no one ever doubted his absolute integrity of character. But why this attack and why this furore over the setting of a case for trial which the prosecution should have been prepared to try the day after the grand jury ad journed six months since? Presumably If the prosecution had any evidence It was presented to the grand jury or the Indict ment would not have been returned ; but if he has not, his committee has been at work ever since that session in October, and the prosecutor ought not now to make complaint because the Court Insists that they must go to trial and prove the charges made after an lvestlgatlon that has been going on over eighteen months by a large committee, assisted at least a portion of thelime by their abie attorneys. If to day there are in this county a good many "doubting Thomases" as to the strength of the case of the prosecution it is not strange, for the action of the com mittee and of the prosecution has given cause for such doubt, and the doubt will grow stronget just in proportion as the tactics pursued In the past are persisted in in the future. Let Mr. Milligan be tried on Monday as determined by the Court. He is entitled to a "speedy trial," the law says, but he has not had it. Now that the time is at hand, the people will be glad that the courts are to determine the truth of the charges alleged, and tliit the sidewalk, beating-stove, corner grccery and newspa per trials are aliout to be brought to a close. This prolonged and peculiar system ef adjudicating cases has made the people very weary indeed. A MATTER 01' i-ROFITS The original protectionist went to con gress to ask for protection btcaute vajet nnd Interest were high in America , now be goes because he says he wants to keep wages high ; and goes buck to his work men and tells them at election time that must vote for protectionists for congress or their wages will be lowered by a reduction of the tariff. They said that If Hancock were elected wages would be reduced. He was not elected; the tariff was not reduced, but irarjen tmr. Whatever may have leen the cause of the reduction of wages it is clear the tariff was powerless to kcfji than up; and all the dire consequenc es predicted in case of Hancock's election came notwithstanding his defeat. But dees the tariff make high wages? Of course, we can't pretend to argue this question with the astute editor of the Re publican. In the hands of a man who gives as a reason why "cloth hands get, in Mass., 1 1.20 per day, and In South Carolina only 85c," that it is "because the Southern Chivalry, abetted by Northern Democracy, have persistently degraded labor," argu ment is absurd. But the Republican laughs at the idea of big profits by the rail mill men. In Oct 1880, Hon. W. L. Scott, in a speech at Erie, said he had purchased, 18 mos, before, 18,000 tons oUsteel rails at f 2.1.50 per ton, and the makers were well satisfied with the price. Afterward the steel rail trust was formed; in October 1880 the price was $:J3.00. The price has since been $-H) was such at cne time last year, and aver aged ?:!0 in 1887 an advance at the lowest calculation ot $8 a ton in addition to a fair profit;" for wages have not been at any time more than 10 percent higher than In 1885. On a production of 2,050,000 tons in 1887 this would give $10,400,000 over and above "normal profits." As rails are now worth $;51.50, the difference between that figure and fliU and $ 10, will give some idea of the profits of the steel mills, pro tected for the "benefit of labor." After saying that he knew of his own knowledge thut Mr. Carnegie drew out of his rail mill profits of 11,500,000 In one year of 000 days, Mr. Scott said; Less than a year ago I was talking with a friend of mine on this question of steel rails. lie probably purchases more steel rails than any mnn in the I'nited Slates. 1 said to him : "These mills are putting up raijs pretty fast. Don't you think they ought to stop?" "Yes," said he, "I think they ought to." Said he: "Vou know how the iron industries have been for the la-t few years apparently hardly alive. But do you know oue thing V" aud then, calling a certain Iron and steel company in Pennsylvania by name, he said: "That company represents u capital of $10,900, 000. You know how ttie Iron and steel Industries have been depressed, and yet I know that the principal bone of contention In the Board of Directors of that company tor some time lias been whether or not they should make an extra dividend of $10,000,000 " At the time of that conversation the price of rails was below $:10. The average for the year 18H5 was only $28.50. Now, of course Mr. Scott as well as his friend must be mistaken as usual. And during the advance in 1880-7 from $25.50 to $3!) and $10 did or did not the mills take all the benefit ? Mr. Jarrett said "they took nil the benrjit" of the advance In 1878. Did they not also in 1880-7? Well mitht the Philadelphia Time, a protec tionist journal, say a month ago: "Of these trusts or combines which are now hanging like mill stones around the neck of protection the Steel Rail Trust is the most defiant of common fairness, and most false to the protection that created it and gave millions of profits to its investors." TARIFF PR0TLCTI0N AND LABOR. Of all the questions of public policy or political economy that have arisen to agi tate the public sentiment of commerce, there can be none of greater interest and moment to the people of this country than that of tariff taxation, In conjunction w ith the theories of protection to American in dustries; and, I think, also, that President Cleveland is not alone in his misgivings and alarms for the future of his country if the present tariff policy is adhered to for any extended time. v ere it not for the forebodings of coming evils from a per sistance In our reckless financial affairs, I could not resist a feeling of amusement at the very grotesqueness of some of the ar- cuments offered In support of the theories of a protective tariff, but in a single com munication on the subject I shall confine my remarks to but one of the many phases hlch the tariff question assumes, and that 1 the relation that a protective tariff, under our present laws, bears to Amricnn labor. And 1 wish to be understood, when 1 speak of American labor, to mean the labcr of Americans, native born, and those who become Americans by a full and com plete compliance w ith the American laws naturalization ; for when any other class f people enter the field of labor in the nlted States, It is foreign labor, and has entered Into competition with aad sup planted Aineriiin labor. I presume all the-readers of the Free TiiAOEii who have perused to any extent e theories In support of a protective tariff, must have seen that the dominant sentiment pervading their essays is a seem- Inc solicitude for the welfare of the Amer ican laborer; and the burden of Jhelr plea is that they must continue for all time a system of taxation, necessitated once by the transient exigencies of a rebellion of more than a quarter of a century ago, to escape the calamities of a competition with the pauper labor of the old world and that of Europe In particular. And right here I wish to ask every honest frleDd of the American laborer If the laboring classes of every nation on the face of the earth, with but one exception, are not at liberty to enter the territory of the United States by an unobstructed highway, limited in breadth only by our ten thousand miles of sea coast and frontiers, to enter Into com petition wltb American labor r Nor Is this all ; for In the last twenty years of our high tariff on foreign products, hundred of thousands of laborers In Europe have been hired by the agents of corporations, com panies and Individuals engaged in enter prises requiring labor In this country, who paid the expenses of their transportation hither to take the place of American labor, withholding a per cent, of their wages till their fare is repaid. And such are still the conditions under which a large per cent, of the emigrants are passing our ports of entry In defiance of a law of our country against foreign contract labor. This being tke disadvantage forced upon American labor, I will here draw the text of a bill and call it "A Law for the Protection of American Labor," and Invite a comparison of it with our present existing tariff laws, which haye been framed with special re gard to the protection 0? American Indus tries : "Be It enacted by the People of the United States, In Congress assembled : "Article 1. No company, corporation, trust, syndicate, (or Individual.) incorpora ted by any of the United States, individu ally or collectively, existing or dwelling within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, shall exact any service or labor of any person or persons of foreign birth and unnaturalized, in pursuance or fulfillment of any contract, agreement, or bargain entered Into by such company, cor poration, trust, syndicate or individual, as employer, as party or parties of the first part, and person or persons of foreign birth and unnaturalized, as employe, as party or parties of the second part, without first going before a justice of the peace, notary public or officer bavin jurisdiction, and tiling such contract for record, and paying to a revenue commissioner, whose office shall be In connection with the office of record, a sum equal to fifty per cent, of the salary or wages for the time such contract, agreemeut or bargain is to extend. "Sec. 2. N) contract by any company, corporation, trust, syndicate or individual shall be exempted from the obligations specified in Article 1 of this act, by the fact that the party or parties of the second part having fulfilled one contract, but for each and every contract shall comply with the requirements named. "Sec. :. No application for naturaliza tion of any foreiguer shall be tiled in any court until such person shall have resided two years in the district where he makes application, and said application shall have the support of two reputable citizeus who, under oath, declare that they know the ap pllant to be ot good moral character. "Article !. All contracts entered Into as specified in Article 1 of this act, save that when the employe, having filed his inten tions for naturalization and furnished evi dence of good moral character, the party or p uties of the first part shall pay the sum'equal to twenty-five per cent, of the salary as wages for the time such contract or bargain is to extend. "Article 4. No person ot foreign birth shall receive and enter into the privileges of citizenship until he has been a resident in the I'nited States for the time of seven years and served a probation, with a good record of moral conduct for five years after filing application for naturalization." Now, 1 ask any friend of fair trade if such a law on our national statutes would be any more objectionable as discriminat ing against incorporated capital invested in the manufacturing and mining Industries of this country than our present tariff laws are in their operations against American labor as 1 have defined it. B. M. Freedom, III., Feb. 20. There Is a conundrum in connection with the state tax which no one as yet Has been able to solve. We have noticed fre quent allusions to it, but as yet have seen no solution. It was very confidently stated by Senator Cullom, during his incumbency as governor, that the revenue from the Illi nois Central railroad would be ample to meet all expenses of the state government after the debt was paid. Well, the debt has been paid, and yet the rate per cent, of state taxes Is larger now, when the state Is out of debt, than It was In 1872, when there was a debt of over $2,000,000. In other words, we are compelled to now pay fifty-three cents state tax on f 100, while In 1872 we only paid twenty-nine cents. Para doxical as it may seem, the taxpayers had a less tax burden In 1872, when the state owed $2,000,000, than they have now, when the state does n't owe a cent. Mr. Elmer Baldwin in a recent tariff ar- tide says: Approximating free trade In 1800 with corn at 12l cts. per bushel ought to be an educating lesson. Where was corn 12' 6 cts. a bushael ? Not at Chicago, where In 1800 the lowest and highest prices for the year were 21) cts. and 55 cts. These prices were 20 cts. and 45 cts. in 1861 ; 22 cts. and 41 cts. In 1SG2. In 1S85 the highest price was only 49 cts. and in 1NG only 45 cts. Mr. B. must find some other cause for low prices of grain than a low tariff. The Washington correspondent of the Tribune says Col. Plumb will net be a can didate next fall for congress. No? Well, who's going to charge the bloated bond holder's If he goes out? A SI HK HI I O . The I. V. Si N. Itoatt will come her whei the Flower Illoom In tlie Spring. There Is no longer any doubt In the minds of those who have made it their business to keep posted, that the I. V. & N. road will be built from La Salle to this city, as soon as the line Is finished to Streator. While the road desires to conceal Its real Intentions, it has gone too far In the matter to make concealment a further possibility, and the good news will thus be the starter of our spring boom. Blee, the right of way man, has been work ing In the vicinity of Utica for a month or more, and from the most reliable sources comes the Intelligence that he has suc ceeded in securing the right of way to and through Utica, except through the land of a Scotchman a couple of a hundred rods east of the village, and the only reason consent has not been obtained In this case Is because he lives in Scotland, and baa an elevated idea of the value of La Salle Co. farming land. The road will lie built on the south side of the Illinois and Michigan caaol, and about forty rods from Its banks, excepting where it is forced to gc nearer at Buffalo Rock. It will be ballasted with limestone and gravel, and be single track affair, with a good assortment of side tracks at Ullcu. Upon reaching this city, it will come up Washington street, turn the corner via the lot recently purchased ly the (J., on the southwest corner of Washington and Wal nut, and join what is now the main track a few dozen rods south. The new sidetrack, which runs along the western side ofUTe newly acquired territory, recently owned by Schaefer, McCaffrey, et al., will soon be re-ballasted and made the main track, which will give the trains a greater head way for the south side hill. The exact location of the new depot has not yet been definitely established, but is sure to be on Jackson street, or on the block between Jefferson and Jackson. It will be of brick and tile, and occupy a floor space four or five times the size of the present structure. If the surplus in the United States treasury be not squandered, It will not be for want of schemes. Public buildings schemes call for the appropriation of $25, 000,000, and not all the returns are In yet, for this amount only covers bills originating in the eenate. A tabulated statement would show the following summary: Total Buildings. Cost. Eastern States 11 $ 1,521,000 Middle Statas 2:! 3,315,000 Western States 70 1 1,18:1,000 Southern States 48 7,000,000 Territories 5 1,180,000 Total 149 $24,004,000 Does any one doubt that a large surplus in the treasury is demoralizing to legisla tors, or that tlie Fiftieth Congress is more anxious to spend money than It is to reduce taxes. The Republican says: "The object of a protective tariff is protection against for eign labor, be It the labor of free trade England or protection Germany." This matter of protection's protecting labor is quite well stated by a Peoria pappr uealer in this way: Does protection protect labar? Is it labor, or the product ot labor? It cannot lie labor, for there Is no hlnderance to the importation of foreign labor. It may come In, as it has come iu, like a flood. Then, If not labor, what ? The product of labor? But the product 'of labor is not ow ned by the labor that produces it. In that case it must be the property of tlie capitalist. I nus it is not labor that is protected, but the product of labor, which belongs to men of means and not to labor. To the lmporta tlim of like nronertv everv obstruction is placed. If the product of foreign labor is shut out, as an equivalent foreign labor SlIOUKl no aiso. I . 1 ! 1. . . la v,1ir nurA( tn ilti fwtnntrtr TL-lllf'll Itnfl T1FA. tended that protection affects the wages of inner wi uvcuiuco mo ar wiciuiu5 af i 1 .1 it.. 1 . nun ply and demand. Republican. 01 m r coiii rria rortr inur u. 11 u m i-h n lr ln,l nV nlAH a IAnl1 a Ml frn Wfl fTO in I III state and a low wage In another, shows t lit a n-l4T .... w a xaa nnthlnir fit f!n Wlf .... rr a. il V 11U t v J " " nr ar Tn aumR'Mir IH ifu iuuiii uulu to be the same in both cases. Vote of Tltanktte Whereas, Messrs J. E. Scott, F, L. Fiske, I. N. Beem, I). Hapcmab. E. Y. Griggs, It. II r...la n A.mta l I A 1 1 If A IDI AHflni' . II iu nui ao vi vunttf vv wv.. no uiiiiv au t cjJVittHg amona the pupils of the city schools, and Whereas, Prof. Thorpe and his teachers UOBiruus Ul otvw.- the advantage of so worthy an objet, heart ilv co-operated in the enterprise, ana ttt . Mnmatn 1 a ii 1 ah nnn trin 1 iriin V V nbBai a willing: to lend their aid in turtberance V U U VfJ - r - . a a drama thus inare&sinir th interest of the entertainment, therefore be Ln,'f 1 h ar tna mania at me i&uicb ... .. I ,L. I.J u hereby extended to each of the above men tioned, and all other friends who promote the success of the entertainment. Mrs. E. F. Bull, President. A hdi S. Joses, Secretary. Kate Castleton, in "Crazy Patch," drew goou nouse on iiuraujr oiBumg. - tvi w a 3 iuc utai. . ' " herefor year. ! The opera hocee has been occupied -r- week by the Model CoraeJy Lo. mej gi . r:. akA-j tttalAiv tirifWl Of JM 15 cents.