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TOE OTTAWA FREE TRADER, SATURDAY. OCTOBER 27, 1888.
Ufct Ottawa ut Swift Otkwt, I1IM October AT. IMS. REGULAR COCRATIC TICKET. Yor FrMldeBl, OROVEK CLEVELAND. Tor VlcPrlloi. ALLEN O. THURMAN. Fer Electors f rnllrnt nd Vlcrrldf ot, w...t ruwfdlD. Cblm H.B :hw. MtwnJ. WBKTWOlTi. roitJ. Bhitm. joksph F. Guddiw. WitUAiiC. OmN. bomibO.Babnh. TlMOTST J.SOOKIILU. WlLUAM P. CaLLON. XaXTCI M. RlMIIHAKT. jiauR. William. William H. Jot.i. Mli'HAtL W. ItuHINtUN THOMAkJ. SlIIIIIAN, Ki'Wix Pom IB. Babkim W. Ma. TIM. Jamu M. Itini.H. lKAAOA.Bt' KIMOIIAM. Lbvi N. BBBwrn. EdwaudC. Pa i. John Ham MthaM. For Gorcrnor, JOHN U. PALMKK. For Llattntnt (iovirnor, ANDKKW J. BELL. Tt SeiTf lry of Bum, NEW Ell I). KICKS. For Auditor of Public Account. ANDKKW WKLLH. For Stte TrMnurnr, FRANCIS A. HOKKMANS. Jr. For Attorney 0'nerl. JACOB R.CKK1UHTON. For Triwtwi of flit llllimli I.'nlvmlty for full term of n yum, JOHN LANDKIOAN. 8AMI FLT. HUSKY. UOMEK BK VANS. For Tnwtee nfthc llllnoli I'nlvplty for two yfrf to nil vwancy. JOHN CLNMNCillAM. For KcnrwntMtlve in Cotiitrcu, for ktli Couttrewliuinl District, L. W. BKKWER. For Mfintwr nf 8wt lUxrJ of Kqimllutlon, for blh ColK'oiinJ Unmet, R. O. (iKKENLKAK. For Ke nrwiiutlvrii In lienrrul AniKiiibly. For bt-rwUirUI lil-ini t, KWiAIC 8. BltOWNE IS voir. JAMES P. TKKNCH 1 H vuti. For State"! Attorney. GEO. W. W. BLAKE. For Clerk of the Circuit Cort, B. U. BAUUATT. For Recorder of Deedi, JOSEPH BIHKAHT. For Coroner. DR. JOIlif T. MILLING. For County Burveyor, ROBERT WILSON. For the Oeneral Ranking Uw, Aft-lDt tbs Oenertl Hanking Law. Democratic Meeting. Streator Monday, Oot. '29, afternoen and evening, Oen. John M. Palmer, Col. Win. H. Morrison, Hon. J. W. Duncan and Hon. L. W. Brewer. Dayton Township At Dayton, Tuesday evening, Oot. 30 at 7 :30. l. F. Tralnor and John F. Madden. Brookfield, at Town House, on Tuesday evening, Oot. 30, at 7:30. George Ji. Haight, M. N. Armstrong and E. S. Browne. Grand Rapids, at Center school house, on Wednesday evening, Oot. 31 , at 7: 30. M . T. Moloney and S. lUoholnon. Oroveland township, at Rutland, on Wed nesday evening, Oct. 81, at 7:30. Hon. B. . Browne, George II. Haight and V. B. Weeks. ' Seneca, Thursday, Nov. let, afternoon and evening. Hon. L. W. Brewer, Samuel Rich, olson, J, W. Duncan aod others. Dayton township, at Wedron, Thursday evening, Nov. 1st, at 9:30. J. II. Kokles and others. Richland township, at Reinhardt Hall, Thursday evening, Nov. 1st, at 7:30. Si. T. Moloney, At Meriden, ThurHilsy evening, Nov. 1st, at 7 .80. George II. Ilidgbt and T. C. Tre nary. La Salle township, at Oglesby, Friday veuing, Nov. 2d, at 7:30. E. S. Browne, D. P. Tralnor and V. B. Weeks. Grand Ridge, Friday evening, Nov. 2d, at 7:50. George II. Haight and Lester II dirawn. La Salle, Saturday eeuing, Nov. 3d. M. T. Moloney. Dtiea, Saturday evening, Nov. 3d. I). F. Tralnor and John F. Madden. La Salle, Saturday evening, Nov. 3d. M. T. Moloney. L'tica, Saturday evening, Nov. 81. 1). F. Trainor and John F. Madden. Earl, Saturday evening, Nov. 3d. L. W. Ifrewer, Sam'l Richoldon and G. II. Haight. Peru, Monday evening, Nov. 5th. Hon. J. W. Dunean and G. W. W. Blake. Current Events. By the way, wot's become of Harrison r Hon. James U. Blaine after having been the chief attraction of a not very successful meeting at Chicago, on Saturday night last, dined on Sunday with Marshal Field, and on the. evening, at 10:10, left the city for the east. At a meeting of the Irish-American In dependents of New York city, on Monday night, resolutions were adopted endorsing the national domx-ratlc and local Tammany tlcketi. The resolutions are especially severe on Harrison. Geo. B. Graves a well known manufac turer of woolens of Indiana, Fa., formerly a republican, has declared for Cleveland, free wool end a lower tariff. Rev. Wm. Hettinger, author of "Daring and Suffering,'' the story of one of the most daring and heroic raids lnta the confeder acy will vote for Cleveland add lower taxeB. Since the Newark charter election, when that city voting on strictly political lines, went democratic for the first time In 30 years In a presidential year, both New Jersey and Connecticut are conceded to the democrats. It Is rumored ,that Mr. Edgerton of the civil service commission will resign soon, leaving two vacancies on the commission. Proctor Knott Is mentioned as likely to be appointed to one of them. Washington specials report the yield of small grain much larger than was expect ed In Illinois. When congress adjourned on Saturday last, there were only 16 members present, and the usual "hurrah" proceeding! com mon to adjournment were conspicuous by tielr absence, the only "manifestation" bung the singing of thedoiology by the press gang In the gallery. The close of the senate proceedings were Made conspicuous by t speech by Ingalls, from which his usual offenslvenesa was carefully ellnlated. Notwithstanding the extreme length of the eeslor, It has not been fruitful of bills In wnicn toe grew uwiv kk interested! rather, It has been towe re markable for Itt voluminous debate on the bills that were oot passed rather than for those that were. The moat import" bill passed was the Chinese exclusion bill ; of leaser Importance one to authorize the President to arrange a conference between the governments of Central and South America and the West Indies for the es tablishment of International arbitration and the promotion of commerce. General pen sion bills which became laws were: one n.hlino rnrffttn BnlillerS WllO. Under S treasury ruling, were denied the $100 bounty unuer me actj n i?, " benefits of that act, and one Increasing the rate of pension for total deafness from $13 to $30. There was made also a step toward the recreation of a navy by appropriations for Beveral new wsr ships and for the es tablishment ot a gun factory. An eight riniia lata H7A D ion nHHJwul for the bene tit of mall carriers, all of whom are now required to work but eight nours a aay. Some 800 private bills became laws, of which :W were pension tillls, of which were signed by the president. The total number of such bills signed by the prenl dent In the years 183-18X8 wss 1,501, while from 18ti9 to 1885 all other presidents bad signed hut 1,524. Among the mess ures that failed for this sesHion are the fol Th tiirfiT bill: the nohtal tele graph bill; the Interstate telegraph bill; the bill to amenu me lntermaie commerce l.n. ,1,0 lanumlont nanulrin tllll ! bllll tO 111 , lU" i . , . . ... ... I admit Dakota and Washington, anil to create the territory of Oklahoma; the ituir inrntlm hill Mia Mil for the reneal of the pre emptlon and timber culture laws and the amendment oi tne nomesieau iaw; !.,.( fir. llrn.it fnnrllnir Mil: forfeiture (if the Northern Pacific grant and forfeiture of all unearned grants; antl trust bins; mil r. .fiinil tlia tUrart tux: Mil to Drevent k ' ' wu .." ' ' the under valuation of Imports; to lncorpo- - m 1 lt . Vln rate tne .iaraunie tanai company oi mc- raaiiii i nov tha rmnlninir I dune R of the depositors In the Freeilmen's bank; the Canadian retaliation bill ; out ir ine pur i,aa nf Imiulii- tlll to creHta an executive department of agriculture; International copyrlgul Dili ; oin ior tne erection in cuaui .lfo.wuu. ulirht.linnr rlnlma Mil: tllll for the taking of the next census; bill for the Inspection or meat tor export. The canvass In Indiana has been ne- cuted with vigor by both parties during the week, but it Is noticeable tliattne i nurruan meetings largely exceed In numbers any of the largest republican meetings. The dem ocrats have just completed tte second poll of the state and are certain that they will carry the state by a large majorlly. The majority as shown by the poll Is so great that the committee announce that no possi ble combination of the republicans or mis calculations by the democrats can give the state to Harrison. On Wednesday Fred. Douglas, who has been campaigning there for Harrison, said to a New York reporter that: "In my own mind it will be impossi ble to carry the state for Harrison. Harri son's position on the labor ouestlon, In and out of the Senate, have antagonized that vote, while the democrats have the state thoroughly organized." He concludes his remarks by saying : "I have found that all our efforts on the tariff question have been of little or no avail." As regards New York. Douelas says: "In my opinion we shall not reach Harlem bridge with 45,000 majority, and I see no nope or carrymji tne state of New York . I Individually have abandoned the hope of carrying the state." The republicans were further disheartened on Wednesday by the flop of Colonel Sam. Hardy, or Indlnna, always heretorore an Influential republican, who seconded the nomination of Uovey at the last state con vention. Of course, Col Hardy is but one vote In himself, but his desertion is typical, and, as he will spend next week on the stump for Cleveland, he will carry others with blm. In New York the republicans are mak ing a desperate attempt to colonize negro voters. In several wards the negro vote registered Is more than . three times- what It ever has been, the registry being engi neered by republican boarding house Keep ers. In Brooklyn the illegal registry is quite large, and arrests have alreauy oegun. On Wednesday the first conviction sent Geo. Gordon, who enfessed, to Sing Sing for two years and a hair. 1 he registry or the city shows a very large Increase. Be sides colonization schemes, the national republican committee has sent out circu lars to manufacturers requeuing them to shut down until after election and give out notice that they would not continue In bus ness in case of Cleveland's reflection! The democratic committee have the names of several parties who have agreed to Mr. Quay's suggestion to this etiect. The advocates of bounties to manufac turers will be Interested In the resolutions of the best sugar manufacturers convention of Ssxony in which they declare that su gar bounties are incompatible with their Interests and likely to Injure the beet sugar Industry. The Investigation Into the charges made by the London Times against the Irish members of parliament and Parnell In particular has begun In London. The presentation of the case began on Monday, and was of a nature to lead to the conclus ion that unless It .shall be strengthened hereafter, the Parnellltes will win a great victory In this matter. The charges made by the Timet was that Parnell and the Irish party in Parliament were the instigators of the crimes which disturbed the Island during the earlier part of the year. The investigation will be strictly confined to those charges, which the Tinu will have to prove strictly. It Is hinted that It will eventually appear that "as usual" there Is a woman In the case. Snow fell on the mountains ot New Mexico on Sunday last, the earliest snow storm that is remembered In this territory. It has driven the miners and hunters out of the mountains, who report a fall of two feet of snow. Miss Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, the well known authoress of "Gates Ajar" and other works, has been married to Hev. II. I). Ward, of the N. Y. IndepetuUnt. It Is rumored that Mrs. J. G. Blaine, jr., who is now "out" with her husband, It seems, will distinguish herself by going on the stage, after, It Is rumored, having first applied for a divorce. In the U. S. Supreme court a decision was made on Monday of a case involving the constitutionality of the Iowa prohibi tory liquor law, which the Ceurt declares constitutional. It decides the law la not, as was claimed, in conflict with interstate commerce provisions, and the decision of the court is sustained. The Chicago anarchists propose to cele brate Nov. 11th, the anniversary of Spies' hanging. By the way, It is curious that the anarachlsts at a meeting this week de cided to support Harrison and Morton. City Treasurer Axworthy has absconded with with $000,000 of the city's money. He had stood high In the city, where he had lived for over 30 year. On Friday a B. & O. express train run ning at full speed was by a misplaced switch thrown off a ten-foot trestle, killing one man and Injuring 20 others. Snow to the depth of 13 Inches was re- Krted Sunday In Northern Minnesota, and -titer falls In Dakota, Nebraska and Iowa. Miss Frances K. Wlllard baa been re elected president of the W. C. T. U. WOOL AMD TRCBT8. One of the finest contributions to the pending great debate on the tariff ques tion was the speech of the lion. Beth Low at Cooper Union before the New York Keform Club. Mr. Low, as most of our readers are doubtless aware, Is a republican, and though the city of Brooklyn Is usually democratic by from 20,000 to 30,000 ma jority, he has been twice elected mayor of that city, and has been the most efficient and popular chief magistrate the city has probably ever had. But though a lifelong republican, Mr. Low Is a tariff reformer not a free trader and as such wss In full accord with his party, which at every na tional convention fi.r the last twenty years bad pledged Itself in favor of tariff reform, up to tne lant convention at Chicago. That body, "out of sheer antagonism to the democratic party," forced their own party Into the extreme position of opposition to all tariff reform. To go with his party to that length, Mr. Low says, would compel him to "sacrifice Intellectual honesty," and as, In the pending contest, the question of tariff reform Is squarely presented, he is compelled to take sides with Cleveland and the democracy. WejHhall not undertake td follow Mr. Low through the whole of his very able speech, which Is quite lengthy, but will try briefly to give the substance of his points on two important branches fr?e wool and trusts. Home grown wool has been protected in this country, with short intervals, since 1794, and the singular fact Is noticeable, that the periods of least protection were the periods In which the manufacture of woolens flourished best, and prices of wool were highest. Since 18Gfthe protec tion of wool has been exceptionally high, and as compensation for such tax on the raw material, the protection of the manufac turer has also been high, yet the woolen manufacture stumbles and halts today to such an extent that the friends of the tariff propose to add (as the senate bill does) higher duties as the cure-all for Its troubles. This Is based on the notion that a further duty will increase the price of the domes tic product. "I challenge that claim," says Mr. Low, "for this reason among oth ers. The duty upon foreign wools manifestly restricts the extent to which our manu factures can be purchased in foreign mar kets. The absence of this competition depresses the price of wool In those mar kets. Precisely to the extent of this re. strlction, therefoie, the effect of our duty upon foreign wool is to depress its price. I have heard such depression estimated as high as 3;P;f per cent. This depression not only gives to foreign manufacturers with whom we compete, their raw mate-' rials cheaper than they are entitled to it, but our domestic wool Is lowered in price by the foreign wool, which In Its turn has been abnormally depressed in value through the operation of the very tariff that is meant for the protection of our own wool erowers. Domestic wool, or course, Is higher by reason of the duty than It would be If, without a duty, It had to com pete with foreign wools at today's pi Ices; but the contention is that, wete the duty removed, foreign wools for the reason given would rise In price. Our domestic wool would thus escape the depressing in fluence of abnormally cheap foreign wools, which it now feels despite the tariff. In other words, our wool growers at present get the benefit of only part of the duty on wool. Even this benefit they get at the cost of restricting the manufacture, thus limiting the demand at home for their own product. On the subject of trusts, the argument of Mr. Low Is equally trenchent. The claim of the high tariff advocate, he says, Is, that although protection at the outset largely Increases the cost of the manufac tured article, ultimately domestic compe tltion reduces the price almost to the level of the Imported article. This argument may have been good for a time, "but," says Mr. Low, " the widespread development of trusts and kindred combinations to throttle domestic competition have deprived the high protectionist of this plea. This margin between the cost In the presence of domestic competition and the cost as per m It ted by the present duty, after domestic competition has been stifled, la precisely the margin upon which these combina tions feed. It is not to bevJenied that there are such combinations In articles not affec ted by the tariff, but It will be found that in most cases, If not in all, these articles enjoy a natucal protection that Is to say, a freedom from foreign competition, by the gift of nature, quite as effectual as the protection afforded by the tariff. Whether or not, therefore, the tariff is the cause of these trusts and combinations it Is perfectly clear that as to such of them as are pro tected by the tariff a lowering of the duty furnishes a ready and ample remedy." Mr. Low Is equally forcible In his treat ment of the wage question, demonstrating that the tendency of excessive tariff taxa tion Is Inevitably to lower rathrthanto raise thej.standard of wages. But we have no space to follow him further. His conclusion Is, from a careful study of the whole question, that the "Mills bill, with Its free raw mate rials, will help the manufacturers and laborers, while the reduction of the price of manufactured articles, made possible by this means, will be of vast benefit to the consumer." A 0. 8. 8EHAT0R. "No man Is a hero to his valet" There Is an old story of the countryman who went to Washington filled with expectation as to the great men he would see. He returned home Impressed with the greatness of the buildings and the era all ness of the men. One could not escape a similar thought on Thursday while listening to the Honor able Senator Shelby M. Cullem In his ad dress to the republicans. Senator Cullom has been of much use to the people of Illi nois, nia Interstate commerce bill has' given him a standing In the west that It typically Illustrated by the remark of a La Salle county democrat on Thursday, made before Mr. Cullom began hit peech : that he would rather know Senator Cullom than any man In the U. S. Senate. Senator Cut lom's defense or Melville W. Fuller when appointed Chief Justice will also be re membered gratefully by the people of 1111 doU. In Washington, looked at from afar, Senator Cullom Is a great man. Seen and heard from the platform of the speakers' box In Washington Square In Ottawa, one Is amazed at the drivel It Is possible for a great man to utter. The utter indefensi bility of the republican position on the tariff before an audience of farmers was never made more manifest than on Thurs day. The sophistries employed to defend it would not deceive a well read school boy. The Senator cited a number of Instances where the price of protected articles bad largely declined in price, which decline he attributed entirely to the tariff. Now, the Senator In bis private conversation would not be guilty of such a statement, for he knows too well that the universal decline of prices of all commodities for the past 25 years has been one of the most distinguish lng features of the commercial world. Not alone has this been true In America, but It has been true the world over. It has been universal since the introduction of machin ery, of specialism in manufacture, of the steamship, the railroad, and the telegraph, the great eoualizers of prices the world over. Manbas obtained through them a greater control over the forces of nature, which is utilized both in production and lDd8tributlon; and a given amount of la bor, acting through machinery, produces and distributes at least a third more pro duct en the average than ever before. In America prices have fallen in spite of the efforts of tariff tinkers to keep them up; so that effort of the Senator to Impress up on his hearers the Idea that the tariff has done all this for them is nothing more or less than pure demagoglsm Yet having the consciousness that the American farmer has not, because of the tariff, reaped the full benefit of the decline in prices of the articles he consumes which has been enjoyed the rest of the world over, the Senator undertakes to show that because of the tariff his grain brings a better price now than It did In the fifties when the country had a lew tariff. This deception has been exposed bo often that It seems Incredible that a man like Senator Cullom could be guilty of repeating it. It Is unquestionably true that prior to the days of railways corn In this Btate dll bring very low prices, because of a lack of transportation facilities. Not over six cr eight years ago' corn was burned as fuel In Kansas and Nebraska for the same reason : railroads to carry it to market to exchange It for coal had not yet reached the parts of those states where corn was so consumed. But it. Is not true that the price ot grain has Increased at the exporting port of New York, where the ultimate American price is fixed, that of the surplus, which regu lates the price of the whole. The differ ence in price between that port and any part of the country is simply the cost of getting it to New York, and that cost has always regulated the price paid to the farmers of the west. Put It In figures and see how the comparison of prices look, New York: figures in all cases the com parison Is on corn, highest and lowest prices for the years: L. H. L, H. 1850 55 72 1877..... 41 58 1851 53 G8 1878 45 00 1852 62 78 1879 44 04 1853 64 82 1880. . . . 48 61 1854 70 98 1881 ....48 70 1855... M 1.15 1882... .63 1.00 1856 48 94 1883 .....55 70 1857 71 98 1884 45 66 158 58 1.03 1885 ....40 57 1859 70 1.05 . 1888 43 55 Average, 65.6 91.4 47.2 67.6 There is not one single solitary farm product that has not equally declined. The depreciation has been natural. It has simply kept pace with the depreciation the world over, and is traceable to the opening up of new sources of supplies in this country as well as Australia, India, Egypt, South America, Russia, Siberia, &c. ; so that the grossness of the attempt to deceive the American farmer by such tales of bet ter prices for him because of the tariff is so apparent it could deceive no one but a consumate Ignoramus. A man who ex pects an audience to believe it, by the very attempt proclaims them a parcel of fools. The undeniable fact remains that the market for American farm produce Is rap Idly and surely being reduced in size. The capital of the old world, given the op portunity by the American doctrine that a foreign consumer should be repelled In stead of Invited to trade with us la open ing up sources ot supplies In the countries named which have already taken away from the American farmer his supremacy in the European market Today the Ryot of India is as powerful as he. When the Ryot, Instead of plowing with a wooden plow and threshing with a flail or bullock's feet shall ride a sulky plow and thresh by steam, the American farmer, If the repub lican commercial policy of exclusion shall be continued, will exchange places with the Ryot of India and the Fellah of Egypt. The world's markets for agricultural pro-' ducts are, under' the present American commercial system, one by one slipping away from the American farmer ; and If our laws shall continue to make war on trade as they have in the past, the Ameri can farmer Is now living who will see him self confined exclusively to a home mar ket and himself In scarce a worse condition than the slave of the fifties. THE C0HGRL88MAH The democrats, and fanners particularly, of this congressional district owe It to tnemaelvea to make a special effort to elect Hon. L. W. Briwbr to be member of congress. The whole sum and sub. stance of this contest Is simply a matter of taxation. The hoe and cry of free trade and protection Is but wasted effort In view of the fact that the question Is not one of free trade or protection at all, but simply one of Un taxation. That the reduction of the tariff from 47 per cent to 42 per cent endangers protection no sane man believes ; but that reduction, being In chief on the necessaries of life and on raw materials, would bring a degree of relief directly and Indirectly to the great body of con Burners, and to farmers In particular, upon whom the largest proportion of It falls. It would reduce taxes a little, and a little is a good deal now-a-days. This policy Mr, Brewer favors. And being In favor of this, Mr. Brewer should receive the sup. port of every man who aesires less taxa tion upon himself and who is opposed to the further accumulation of a surplus which is both unnecessary and also threat ens financial disaster to the business world and tempts congress to demoralizing ex travagance in every direction. On these points, Mr. Brewer can be trusted to vote In the interests ot the people the farmers and the laboring men. As to his ability to represent this great district In congress, no man can doubt. He Is fitted for it by education, temperament and habits. He Is a hard worker at any thing he undertakes, as his canvass has amply demonstrated ; and being thoroughly informed on the matters of vital concern to this district which must come up for legis latlve action by congress, this capacity for hard work and his thorough preparation for the work pre-eminently fit him for the of fice for which he has been named. Nor is his election a "forlorn hope" by any mep.ns. The canvass has shown an un mistakable desire, on the part of the farm population, particularly, for a reduction, of taxation ; and the knowledge that if elected Mr. Brewer will do what in his power lies to bring about such a reduction of taxation as the necessities of the U. S. treasury will permit will draw to him a large vote out side of his own party. The promise of this support has been so marked that there is a substantial foundation for the belief that by a serious and united effort his elec tion can be achieved. In this county he ought to have at least 1,000 majority and he can have it If the proper effort Is exerted ; and if the polls of the other counties of the district may be taken as an indication of the vote that will be cast In November, 1,000 majority in La Salle county will elect him. The democrats should see that he gets it THE COUNTY TICKET. ' In the heat ot the contest over the "head of the ticket," there has not been much of anything said on either side as to the coun ty ticket. It has been taken for granted by the democracy that their local ticket will be elected without a doubt; and that will no doubt be the result f yet it Is just as well to bear in mind that the opposition are paying fully as much attention to that end of their ticket as to the bead. They are even making pretensions now to being able to carry it through ; and they certainly will spare no effort to do so. There is no reason why any man on the republican ticket should be elected, even did the republicans have a majority In the county. In no case have they named men equal In merit to those on the democratic ticket ; their strongest men are inferior in natural ability and vastly so In experience to the democratic nominees: the worst that can be said of any nominees on the demo cratic ticket can be said In all candor, hon esty and truthfulness of their nominees. Any weaknesses the democratic ticket may present to some men are counterbalanced by equal or greater weaknesses on the re publican ticket. There is, Indeed, not one single solitary man on the ticket for whom the republicans can claim a "better man." There is, therefore, no reason why any voter who wants to vote for the "best man" need make a single scratch on the demo cratic ticket; and every reason why he should scratch every maB on the republican county ticket. As a U. S. Senator will be elected by the next legislature, the democrats should make the special effort on that account to elect both the democratic candidates, as well as for the further reason that they are to the district more useful men. Browne was confessedly more useful to the county than Sawyer, and the fact that he of all men in the house was responsible for the defeat of the villainous Chicago sewerage scheme ought to undoubtedly elect him. Trench, as opposed to Ross, Is the opposi tion of a trained, coobheaded, thinking man. as opposed to a transcendental, unpractlcable theorist; a man whom his own party kicked overboard two years ago, but nominated this year because it was noped he would "catch" the labor vote. THE SAME OLD ROT. While there mav have been ten thousand neonle in Ottawa on Thursday, In attend ance on the big republican splurge, and while the afternoon and evening proces tnna were most creditable and successful displays, the speaking end ef the perform ance was an Indubitable failure, i ne main speech was from the stand In Washington square In the ' afternoon, by Shelby M. Cullom, who was heard by less than two thousand people. In the evening the torch-light procession lasted until ten o'clock, and after that the audiences that gathered at the opera house to hear the Hon. B. C. Cook, ana at l urner nau to near Col. Plumb, were necessarily thin, restive, fagged and listless, and the speakers seem ed to labor under a corresponding naturally resulting depression. We heard but part of the speaking and none of that worth the least attention, .ex cept as It related to the tarlxt, and on that question it was nothing but "that same old rot" Mr. Cullom put It in this way : "Gov. Palmer," he said, "in a late speech, referr ing to the fact that a Mr. Rldgley, of Springfield, a former democrat, now sup ported Harrison and high tariff protection, said that was all right. Mr. Rldgley was a large owner ot the Springfield rolling mills, engaged In the manufacture of steel rails, In which, like Carnegie, be was able to make big money by reason of his $17 per ton protection, which the democrats proposed to reduce to $14. Mr. Rldgley looked out for his own Interests looked out for No. 1, that was all. And nw," said Mr. Cullom, "I want you farmers to do the same thing," proceeding to show" how the tariff skinned the farmers. Mr. Cullom after so far belittling him self as gratuitously to call Gen. Palmer a demagogue, but failing plteously to make so good a point, undertook to combat his argument by a line of talk like this : The effect of tariff protection Is to build up large cities centers of population and these make a profitable home market for , farmers In the vicinity and Urgely enhance the value of their farms. Thus, although the lands of Connecticut were much In ferior to those of Illinois in fertility and productiveness, they were much more val uable per acre and their culture more prof itable, because Connecticut was so largely a manufacturing state and the farmers had a ready home market for all they raised, at good prices. On the other hand, the dem ocrats were opposed to protection were free traders therefore In favor of destroy ing our manufactures, depopulating our large manufacturing cities and scattering their population to the farms, destroy ine the home market and breaking down the rarmlng business by forcing excessive farm production. Now, there is no use minclnir the maN ter. Every Intelligent man knows this is disgusting rot, and disgraceful to the man who seriously use6 it. The democrats stand on the Mills bill. We defy the clos est scrutiny to point out a line In that bill which decreases protection where It Is honestly needed to the amount of one pen ny. The only changes it makes In the tariff Is to remove the tax on raw materials, and this Is admittedly to he advantage of the manufacturers, enabling them materi ally to cheapen their products, and thus largely to Increase their output, vastly to tne Benefit of the laborer and the consumer. Instead of crippling or destroying. Its ten dency necessarily must be, as Seth Low demonstrates, greatly to encourage and en. large our manufacturing establishments, thus aiding Immensely to swell, Instead of to scatter, our centers of population. And It will help the farmers not only by enlarg ing their home market, but also by chean- enlng nearly every article they must buy. But by forcing In among our manufacturers the element of competition, the Mills blU . is death to trusts; and that Is exactly wliere the shoe pinches. Bqt for that threatened deadly assault on the trust rob berswe should hear very little of this on- position to the Mills bill. It Is they who are frying out their fat to get up this "free trade" howl against It, and they alone who will be Injured should the Mills bill, or any kindred measure, ever become a law. The Republican has the audacity to claim that American workmen get 80 per cent of the value of his product. We touch this point on the 2d page. We might add that in the First Annual Report of the Coramls. sloner of Labor, 1880, ou "Industrial De pressions," Carroll D. Wilght tabulates the returns of 759 establishments who report the several items of cost In their manufac tures and In no cas is such a percent given waees: In agriculture implements, arms, artisans tools, boots and shoes, bricks, carpetings, carriages and wagons, clocks, and watches, clothing, cooking and heating apparatus, cotton goods, food prepara tions, glass, leather, liquors, lumber; ma chinery, rental, musical Instruments, oils. paper, prints, rubber, silk, tobacco, and woolen manufactures being given. In no rme is 80 per cent of the product given to labor, yet all are highly protected. One Illinois watch factory gives 73 70 per cent to labor, and the watches go all over the world In competition with the cheapest, labor in the world! In several cases 80 per cent and over of the product is given ' to coal miners, but only miners in 11 mines ' west of Peru get that proportion ; the reet get from 43.10 per cent up, averaging per haps 60 to 65 per cent and yet the produc" tion of coal is nearly all labor. In Eng land the miner gets 77.38 per cent ot the value of his product In coal, and G2.C5 per cent of the value of a ton of Iron ore while the Mlssourlan only eets 39.14 per cent and the Virginian only 52 per cent of the ore he gets out. REGISTER. Tuesday next, Oct. 30th, is the last day for registering votes. All voters must see that their Barnes are on the register, and if they do not know that their names are on the books they must in person have their names so registered as legal voters. All persons who are not registered voters will ' be compelled to swear In their votes on election day. The Importance as well as the convenience of being duly registered will be apparent to every voter. The reg istration is required in the country towns as well as In the cities. Tuesday, Oct. 30th. remember, Is the lat day. The Rmnbliean vesterdav mornlni? nnr- ported to Issue a challenge to joint debates of local speakers on the tariff or any other subject This Is exceeding thin, especially when a standing challenge of the Am. Tariff Reform League has remained unan' rwered for many weeks. However, If the republicans are serious, let their central committee address such a challenge to the democratic central committee. Although the time Is short the Free Trader hss no doubt their kids can be accommodated. '4 1 to VI V -