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Wheeling compiler. [volume] (Wheeling, Va. [i.e. W. Va.]) 1829-1831, July 15, 1829, Image 2

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fjjy answer of December, I5t»t, I expressed
♦hose dispositions candidly to the Presi
dent, and my preference of a return to
Paris; hot assured him, that if it wus be
lieved l could be more useful in the ad
ministration of the government, I would
sacrifice my own inclinations without hes
itation, and repair to that destination; tins
1 left to his decision, I arrived at Monti*
cello, on the 2ld ot Decetnb :r, where 1
received a second letter Irotn the 1 resideo,
expressing lus continued wi-h, that 1
should take mv station there, but leaving
rnr* still at liberty to continue m my former
office if 1 could not reconcile myself to
that now proposed. Tins silenced my re*
luctaoce, and 1 accepted the new appoint*
* In the interval of my stay at home, in'
eldest daughter bad been happily married
to the eldest son ot the I uc^aho branch
of Randolphs, a young gentleman ot geni
us, science and honorable mind, who af
terwards filled a dignified station in the
<ieneral Government, and the most digni
fied in lus own State. I left Monticello,
on the i»t of March, 1790. for New York.
At Philadelphia l called on the venerable
and beloved Franklin. He was then on
the bed of sickness, trow whicn he never
rose. My recent return troiri q country
in winch he had left so many friends, and
the perilous convulsion to vhich they had
been exposed revived all ii» anxieties to
know what part they had token, " hat had
been their course and whit their tafe.—
He went over all in sutfession, with a
rapktakMUKl animation, iJrnost too much
for lus strength. When ill his enquiries
wortf satisfied, and a pause took place, I
told hunt r.ad learned wth much pleasure
that since his return to America, ho had
beeu occupied in preparing for the world,
the history of his own Ife. I cannot say
much of that, said he; lut I will give you
a sample of wh.it I shat leave; and ho di
rected his little grandton (Wm. Bache)
who was standing bv tie lied side, to hand (
him a paper from the table to which he
pointed. He did go; ind the Doctor put
ting it into mv hands, lesired me to take it
and read it at my leisire. It was about a;
rpiire of folio paper, witten 1:1 a large arid |
running hand, very like his own. I looked
into it slightly, then shut it, and said 11
would accept his perriissiou to read, aud j
would carefully return it. He said, * uo, j
keep it.’ Not certain of his meaning, I j
again looked into it, folded it tor ray pock |
et, and said again 1 wculd certainly return I
it. ‘ No,* said he, ‘ keep it.’ I put it into i
my pocket, and shortly after, took leave
of him. He died on the 7th of the ensuing
month of April; and as I understood that he
hud bequeathed all his papers to his grand
son, William Temple Franklin, I imniedi-j
ately wrote to Mr. Franklin, to inform him
! possessed this paper, which I should
consider as his property, and would deliv
er to his order. He came on immediately j
to New A’ork. called on me for it, and !;
delivered it to him. As lie put it into his!
pocket, he said, carelessly, he had either
the original, or another copy of it. I do not
recollect which. This last expression
struck m attention forcibly, and for the
first time suggested to me die thought that
Dr. Franklin had meant it as a confidential
ileposito in mv hands, that I had done
wrong in parting troin it. I have not yet
seen the collection he published of Doctor
Franklin’s works, and therefore, know not
if this is among them. I have been told
4t is not. It contained a narrative of the
negotiations between Dr. b ranklin and the
British ministry, when he was endeavor
ing to prevent the contest of arms which
followed. The negotiation was brought
about by the intervention of Lord Howe
and his sister, who, I believe, was called
Lady Howe, but I may misremember her
title. Lord Howe seems to have been
friendly to America, and exceedingly
anxious to prevent a rupture. His intima
cy with Dr. Franklin, and his position
with the Ministry induced him to undertake
a mediation between them; in which his
sister seetned to have been associated.—
They carried from one to the other, back
wards and forwards, tne sever u preposi
tions and answers, which passed, and
seconded with their own intercessions the
importance of mutual sacrifices, to preserve
(he peace and connexion of the two coun
tries. I remember that Lord North's
answers were dry, unyielding, in the spirit
of unconditional submission, and betrayed
an absolute indifference to the occurrence
of a rupture, and he said to the mediators
directly, at last, that a rebellion was not
to be deprecated on the part ot Great
Britain; that the confiscations it would
produce, would provide for many of their
friends.* Tins expression was reported
by tiie mediators to Doctor 1 rankhu, and j
indicated so cool and calculated a purpose j
in tlie ministry, as to render compromise <
hopeless, and the negotiation was discon
tinued. If this is not among the papers
published, we a9k what has become ot it ?;
1 delivered it with mv own hands, into
those of Temple Franklin. It certainly
established views so attrocious in the Brit*
ish Government that its suppression would,
to them, be worth a great price. But
could the grandson of Dr. Franklin be, in
such degroe, an accomplice in the parri
cide of the memory of his immortal grand
father? Tim suspensions for more than
twenty years, of the general publication,
bequeathed and confided to him, produced
for a while, hard suspicions against him.
and if. at least, all are not published, a
part of those suspicions may remam with
‘ I arrived in New York on the -1st of
March when Congress was m session.’
Wo observe, in a country paper, sev
eral songs, set to music, advertised, and
«moug;t them is the following: “Softly
Viuft ye southern brrechur.”
Junt 30,1820.
1 There is a numerous partv in Great
Britain, who would rejoice to sec that
I country enter its solemn protest against
j the wui now raging between Russia and
i Turkey. Whatever might be the ostensi
1 ble cause of this war, they regard it as hav
i mg originated in the instable ambition of
Russia, which will never be satisfied till
it grasps within its power all Europe and
the world. They maintain that the veto
of England would be suffi cient to arrest
; the progress of invasion, and that such a
! stand once taken, other Powers would im
' media! Iy concur, and thus the disastrous
'war be terminated. We doubt the cor
; rectncss ot the last opinion, and should
[ much sooner expect that ihe interference
of England would result in a general war
[ throughout Europe. The following re
I marks are extracted from a late number of
; the London Times.
The war undertaken bv Russia against
Turkey is not a subject on which wo re
joice to meditate, hut its imj>ortance forces
i it on the attention of most Englishmen, and
the perverse notions entertained bv some
people, with regard to it-- bearing upon the
interests of the country and of Europe,
requires to b<* watched, if they cannot be
i corrected. No inm at all acquainted with
Russian history or policy doubts that Con
stantinople has long hern marked by the
statesmen of St. Petersburg for their prey.
This desire has grown out of previous ag
grandizeinents achieved by Russia during
little more than half a century, and every
step of hei armies southward has but serv
ed to stimulate and encourage her to the
enterprise. Fresh argument springs con
veniently out of recent conquest. As
Russia has extended her frontier south to
wards the Ktixine, and westward along the
shores of that sea towards the Danube, the
freedom of one, and the command of the
other, become objects of “just anxiety”
with a Power which, had she been forced
to reman at a distance from them, would
have had no pretence F»»r acting on any
such “anxiety.” The “freedom” of the
Euxine—which means, in certain quarters,
its independence of all control but that of
Russia—requires that the Bosphorus, the
Sea of Marmora, and the Dardanelles,
should have the enjoyment of equal “free
dom;” f >r they arc so many padlocks on
the Euxine trade. But of these various
locks the master-key is Constantinole.
So wc are told with great frankness by a
Russian general Officer,) it is impossible
to keep a safe hold of Constantinople,
without occupying Asia Minor also. Thus
by unwarrantable logic has it been proved;
to us, that to secure a free vent for the ex
ports of Odessa, Smyrna and Rhodes
must he held by Muscovite garrisons!
.Vow it is not by any means criminal in
Russia to feel the above craving for mari-1
time conquest, nor would it l*e an offence
against iho laws of nations in Great Britaini
to wish for the possession of Copenhagen, j
the Belt, and the Sound. But suppose i
that, on one plea or another, she had trans
ported her whole army to Hanover, A' then !
moved it across the Elbe into Holstein.!
and issued a manifesto declaring that she
would have “securities” from the King of
Denmark tor the “freedom” of the Baltic,
and indemnities for her expense in support
ing the said demand of securities bv an
army which threatened Denmark with de
struction. What, we ask, would be the
course of Russia under such circumstan
ees? Would she listen to the following ar*
gument for preferring peace to an armed
vindication of her own interests, and of
those of all the north of Europe?
“If the trade of the two countries (Eng
land and Denmark; with Russia be com
pared, tiiat of England is ot much greater
importance to Russia than is that of Den
mark,” Therefore by all means let Eng
land subjug ite Denmark, “because it nev
or can be worth the while of Russians to
interrupt our peace with England, for the
sake of averting some possible danger to
our mtercourso with Denmark.”
A ludicrous disparagement ot the eueci
upon Great Britain, arising out of a con
quest of Turkey by the Russians, aiul in
ilie precise terms wo have used above, has
been employed to dissuade the British
Government from being more than spec
tators ofthis portenteous war. The whole
conflict, with its incalculable results, i.
looked at in no other light but a possible
preliminary towards interrupting for a time
our commercial intercourse with Turkey
in Euro.ie. The command over (he whole
eastern portion of the Mediterranean is
nothing—the addition of so much coast of
a maritime position and depot so impreg
ii able as that which embraces the entire
Kuxiue to the mouth of tho Dardanelles,
is nothing—the consequent ascendancy
over Egypt, nothing—the general aggran
dizement and preponderance nothing—
with Greece too, in that case, a Russian
province! W by then it is nccdlees to urge
one objection against any system of con-!
quest by any Power, the most emulous.!
under any condition or circumstance of
human affairs; and the whole policy of Eu
rope for conturies lias been childish, when
it referred to the usefulness of some sort
of balance between States. It is untruly
said that England incurs a less prominent
obligation than many of the continental
powers, in resisting the designs of Russia.
England is neurcr to the scene of action
than any of them. Part of her colonial
empire is close at hand. Her commerce
is present on the very scene, and what is
England herself but English commercial
industry? We affirm that if England but
says peremptorily to Russia, you must not
extend vour frontier one inch beyond its
present limit on the side of Turkey, other
, States, now passive or silent will be^ ready
j to echo and to support us. Insist on justice
.from Tjrkcy to the Czar, defend the real
freedom of his flag and merchandize from
Odessa to where they launch into the
Mediterranean. Let us defend with equal
v igor the integrity of Turkey and the in
dependence and sovereignty of the Porte.
British Colonial System.
The British West India colonies are
highly viluablc countries in themselves,
and yield products of the first importance.
Their distress* however, is such as imperi
ously to demand the attention of that gov
jernnient. Property in Antigua which once
brought its proprietor £'20, 000 a year has,
for the last four or five years, yielded not
a single shilling, & many who were once
in affluence, have been reduced to absolute
poverty. The remedy proposed is a reduc
tion of the duty on the staple commodities
of sugar and rum. The evil, in other words.
| is that which is at the bottom of most or all
; of the distresses of England,—excessive
•taxation. Without this reduction, it has
i been declared that the whole of the West
I India colonics must be inevitably rubied.
While such is the result to the Colonies
of the relations between them the & mother
! country, the l atter is thought bv one class
j of political economist to be so little benefited
in return, that it has been argued she would
! be better without them altogether.—They
assert that it had been better to trust all
along to chance tor the traile ot these coun
tries, than to encounter the expence of their
protection. Such have been the actual
! results of tho British colonial system, that
n is no wonder such an opinion should have
I arisen. Meantime, however, the great ma
1 chine continues anu even extends its opera
tions, and new plans of colonization are
earnestly contemplated. The British laws
the British tastes and habits are trans
planted into all regions and it is contended
that this circumstance must unavoidably
extend the use of British manufacture, and
bind these widely scattered possessions
into one great commercial community,
whose parts will be of reciprocal advantage
to each other.
This ought to be the result: that it is
not, must be owing to the want o! a just
policy in the parent country. The advan
tages which England has derived from her
colonies have never borne any just propor
tion to her expenses in defending them; but
it has been her own fault. IVo system
which contemplates advantage to one party
only, can long endure even to tho benefit of
that party. If the oppressed do not rebel
against this course, they at length are ru
ined by it. England may one day be brought
»o view her colonial system in this light,
and to understand the benefits of recipro
city without any negotiation on our part.
By screwing up and confining her bant
ling-?,she may certainly direct their motions
as slie pleases, as long as they have any
motion1 but this sort of discipline is not
the most favourable to their devclopcmcnt,
or even to their existence. Already, it
seems, more liberal views begin to be en
tertained. Even the Quarterly, the last
citadel of prejudice, tabes a rational tone,
and shows clearly its recent conviction
that England cannot be the only monopolist
in the world, and that colonies have some
rights beyond that of filling the treasury,
or encouraging the manufactures of tiie
mother country. Wc consider this actu
ally a new era.—Halt. Amir.
Bastmi, June 20.
John Quincy Adams, late President of
the United States, arrived at the patriar
chal seat m Quincy on Thursday evening,
where he will sjiend the summer. Air.
Adams’ health is much improved since his
; last visit.
In the progress of Air. Adams’ unos
tentatious journey homeward, during
! which he studiously avoided all public de
monstrations of respect, especially on ac
count of bis recent severe family affliction,
he was nevertheless visited in some of the
principal cities by large numbers of his
! friends anti fellow citizens, desirous of
! manifesting towards him their respect and
[esteem, lie has now returned to his-na
tive JState. where there are but lew who
I do not highly respect and value hss public
I services and private virtues.
Richmond. Va. June 24, 132).
The new crop of wheat is represented
|*o be a good average one in both quantity
| md quality. We have t aken some pains
to ascertain the opening price here, and,
from the information obtained, believe that
■^1 20 may be obtained tor red, and $1 25
lor white, deliverable by the 15th or 20th
of July. A crop was contracted for by a
miller yesterday, at that price, who had
within three days contracted for two other
crops, one at that price, and the other
halt white and half red) at*l 16, all de
liverable by tho 20th July- Looking at
the acknowledged scarcity in Trance and
England, and the possibility ot the Powers
in the West ol the Europe, engaging in
the war which rages in the Eastern parts
ef that Continent, we do not think that
millers ought to hesitate in opening the
market at £1 2”>.
The James River and neighboring high
land crop, is represented as unusually large
and fine, from one end of the River to the
other, b’o ts tho valley crop. Getting
info market sooner than any other growers
of wheat, the Virginia farmers have an
advantage which they ought to turn to more
profitblv raising as much forward wheat
as possible.
On the Gth inst. the Court House in
Burlington. Vt. was reduced to ashes.—
The building was insured f<»r £ 1000.
Two years ago it was repaired at an e\
!>ense of £2600; and is considered to have
been the most elegant building of the kind
in tho i?tate
fl^»The ltiver is 21*2 feet above low
water maik.
There have Lcen f ur Stonm boat arrivals from
below and three departures downwards, since our
last. Keel boats make regular trips between
Wheeling and Pittsburgh; but Steamboats go no
higher than lias place, in tic present stage ot the
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, commences its
session in this place to-morrow, lb-hop MeKcn
dreo arrived here on Saturday; and at this time
tlie Preachers arc nearly all m town.
Wn have received a communication from ou'
friend JFST1CE, on the subject of a “New Con
stitution " Our correspondent celebrated the
fourth nf Julij by thinking upon political princi
ples, while others were engaged in the more com
mon practice of drinking on similar topics. His
article is a long one, hut quite interesting. We
intend to insert it entire in our next.
The friends of the Convention appear to he con
! tented with the progress which they have made
J towards reforming the state government, and arc
! calmly waiting 1" r the meeting of the Delegates,
1 to whom they have assigned the important task
! of revising the Constitution. The temper which
| prevails, is favourable lo a discreet ami saiisrac
1 ton performance of the high duties of the Con
i vention. We have no ardent contests for particu
lar theories, or provisions, to awaken pn judiees
against important principles, or to obscure the
mental vision of any portion of the community.
A confident reliance upon the good sense of the
(Convention, seems to Ik every whore indulged.
For surelv we cannot impute to indifference th«
fact, that in no part of the state does there appeal
any discussion upon constitutional topics. The
! C invention i- to ass. mhlr <>n the first Monday o!
October—'' i'liin three months—md vet, since the
, result of the elections lias been ascertained, thr
(whole subject seems to he banished from tin
Journals of Virginia. With tho political atmos
.11 So cool, so CJlm, so bright,"
z harmonious introduction may be expected to the
deliberations of the Convention. An able and
1 liberal investigation of the elements of civil socie
tv, and the proper distribution of political powers
will naturally follow; and the most beneficial re
sults may be anticipated. Intelligence and enter
, prise will be advanced to an equality with succes
sion to property. A new and powerful impulse
will he given to the prosperity of tho state, in the
improvement of its mental and physical capacities.
— —*
1 On the 4ili inst. tho labour was commenced on
the- turnpike road, which is to he constructed from
Maysville to \V ashington, in Kentucky. Th<
road is to be graded and stoned on the McAdam
plan, tinder the direction of Mr. Williams, Lit.
1 Assistaut Superintendant on the National Road in
C. Wickfiffe, of Lexington, Ky. indicted for the
killing at Mr. Donning, Editor of tho Kentucky
Gazette, has been acquitted by th>‘ traverse jury
! It was proved on the trial, that Bcnning was the
assailant, and Wickliffu shot him in sell defence.
In the Fit itl.—Tho I foil. Martin Van
Huron lias been nominated in Alabama,
for tho cilice of Provident of the United
‘States, to succeed (ieu. Jackson. Tin
Scioto Gazette of the Sih inst. states that
materials have been received at Columbus,
from Acw-York, for printing a newspaper
to advocate the pretensions of Mr. Van
j Huron in Ohio.
CavfuJJ's Amtrtran Arjvs.—We have receiv
ed three numbers of this paper—a paper useful to
every mail of business, no matter how limited,
but invaluable to every one who is in the habit ol
passing much distant bank paper through hi>
hand.-). It is publi bed weekly, tn the city of New
V'»rk, on a sheet of the largest size, each sheet
I contamg a comprehensive Vnce Current of the N
York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Boston mar
! lists—a list of all the Banking institutions in tin
1’. S. with the value of the notes oo each, at th<
above places—an extensive h* of counterfeit ntK
altered Bank Notes, including all known to he i
circulitiou throughout the I’nion, a3 also a hr t n
: all the broken Banks in the U. H. The price i?
i si\ dollars per annum. Three pages of it arp de
voted to the above and other matters of a cummer
. cisl nature; a fourth to the most interesting news
I of the day, miscellaneous readings, pootrv, Arc.
which, being printe<l w ith small type, contains a
much reading mutter.-is must of our largcrt week
ly publications, which will render tho paper gencr
‘ ally interesting to every class of readers.
Wo would m this place beg leave to apprise Mr
| Canfield of an error, respecting the title of th*
Hanking institution in tins place, which has fiiiim:
'its way into bis paper. Instead of the ••Marti
fie stern Bank of Virginia,” it is there styled th*
| “Xorth Westtm RESERVE Birds of Virginia.”
by does not the struct commissioner keef
the «i'le walks, r-pn tally on Main-street, clear ol
* boxes, barrels, and other obstructions, placed there
by the merchants to attract the attention of pass
I ers hv ?
Why is there no ordinance passed for establish
mg an r.sxiA of bread?
Why is not the plat of the town as made oui
by the commissioners under an act *>t the Geiier
al Assembly, placed on record in the Clerk’s Of
fire? t’BI
Judgments have been render-d in the Genera
, Court, in favour m the State of Virginia, -ogams
t‘ie secur.ttes of Jermau Maker, f ,r defalcations x
i Mate I reastirer, to tho am^aut of twenty-livt
thousand dollars.
The ftfeett of proscription.—The Na
ttonnl lnteliigeoecr stales, that a Post
master who was a subscriber to that paper
lately requested that it might be discontin
ikn), with symptoms of trepidation whid
ho could not conceal. 1 Ie was afraid of ly
tag under tho suspicion ofbeiog suspected
The hoo John Cutron, one ottbp Judges
of the Supreme Court of Tennessee, pro*
(Kjses to the people of the state tint the
legislature at their next session pass a law
declaring “That no one shall be bound
for the debt or default of another by writing
or otherwise; provided that the actt shall
not extend to secuntyships entered into
in the courts of justice.—In other words,
that no one shall be bound as security
for another in any by word, bond,
note, or endorsement, for an ordinary con
I tract between man and man. * “is is
one of tlie reforms w hich the great Brough
am has w ished to effect in the British bus.
Two latge buildings at Norristown, Pa. were
.triK-k b bgntning during a late storm; but m_'
provided with conductors, the elt-ciric Hind wa>
| carried oft w ithout injuring either property or ?er
I sons.
American Political History.—Several works are
now in preparation, or on the eve of publication,,
having reference to the formation and admimstra-1
non of our government. Mr. Madison^devote? Ins |
retirement to a work of thw kind. Tin? j
will not he published til! after his death. .»/r. Jrf-,
frrsons Memoirs and Correspondence will be pub- •
lished in a few months, in six volumes octave.— '
Gen. II a shin "ton's Correspondence., Journals, Ar. ,
are in tl»e hand? of Mr. Sparks, who is preparing .
to publish them. The papers of the hic Mr. A |
dams will no doubt be given to the world by bis |
son, who will also enrich the literature of Jus conn- j
trv with a memoir of his own times. The life ,
and Correspondence of Arthur Le> , is about to lie ■
published at Poston; and the Memoirs of Major \
William Jackson, of Philadelphia, will be put to
press shortly.—Poll
Sin'jvlar Death.—In Ncw-Miiford, Mas?, the
wjfe of'Mr. Tyros Wheaton, having orensioti to
\ g., to a neighbour’s, left her infant, aged about j
| six months, asleep on the bed. Shu wa absent
not more than 1T» or 20 minutes, and on herroturn
hastened to look after her babe ; w hen, to her ut
’ )Pr astonishment, the child tvas found suspended,
its eliin resting on the bedstead, mid the back ot
ts bead against tho wall. It was dead.
The Pittsburgh “Alleghany Democrat”
distinguished through the lute contest for
its violent opposition to tho Administra
tion, announces J. C. Calhoun as a can
didate for the Presidency in the following
“The contest will now he between Clay
and Calhoun, between the American and
British systems,* and the opposing parties
will he tariff and anti-taritf ”
Much as we dread the result of a con
test upon these grounds, with Mr. Calhoun
and his host of political allies in this state,
still we rejoice to sec this explicit declara
tion, from so high a source.
Uniontoirn Dm.
The acc ount of the celebration of the late an
niversary of our National Independence, by the
Mechanics and Manufacturers of Wheeling and vi
cinity. togetl er with the address ofW’rn. MtCon
cell. r.Nj. with which we were favored at too late
•i period for insertion in our last, will be found
The party assembled at 10 o’clock, in front of
'he courthouse; where, being joined by the Com
mittee of arrangement. Orator of the day. Reader
of the Declaration of Independence, Marshalls,
and a vast concourse of citizens, tlmv set out at
II o’clock, for the Presbyterian Meetinghouse,
accompanied by a hand of Music. Alter th« ir ar
rival, and the formnlitios usual on such occasions,
were "one through, the company marched from
thence to tlie Rope Walk of Mr. J. W. Rcirv,
at the upper end of the town, where, at 2 P. M.
ihe company, to the number of 2-6 sat down to n
sumptuous dinner prepared by Mr. Lloyd Wright,
in his usual superior style. C'apt. George Dully
a ling as President, and Mr. James II. Forsyth
is Vice President. After the cloth was removed,
the following regular and volunteer toasts were
1 The day ire nh brute.—Second in importance
to none since the fir^t dnv of the Cbr'stian Fra.
2. The Congress of '7t>—The faithful and pat
riotic guardians of our Infant Liberty; we venerate
the living and revere the dead.
,l 3. The memory of Gen. (JFORGE W\S1I
i l.NGTO.Y—-[Drank standing and in silence, j
7. The memory of the greatest Civilian that
ever lived—THOMAS JEFFERSON. | Drank
standing and uncovered.]
8. The President of the United States.—In Ins
political Voyage may the Constitution and the
’aw* be his comint-s, and the good of bis country
. itis polar star. ITirrc gnus.
It. I hi Iliads of Departments.—GooJ men, hut
11. lit i Xitrtj of thr I iiiteJ Slates.—-Its prowess
best speaks its praise, it# glory cover# the Ocean.
12. Our Sister ll>-publics of thr South.—May
anarchy and civil discord cease, civil and religion,
liberty take their place, and union and harmony
cement them into one great Republic.
Id 'I hr lut! Tariff.—* We most heartily approve,
we now enjoy the advnulages arising from it, and
pledge our,. Ive# to support it. and add our thanks
t<> those who adopted it. for if We let trade amue
others will soon regulate it to suit themselves,
ami not us.
11. 7 hr. Convention to meet in October nrrt
It wisdom, experience and superlative talents are
j requisites in ik liberating bodies we have thcmo#t
sanguine hopes of a Constitution worth of the
Ancient Dominion.
2 • CatluAu Emancipation.—Founded in the
spirit of toleration, adopted in wisdom, sanction! d
!*y justice; we hail with feelings of the purest de
light the extension of the principles of Religious
21. Ih* American Fair.—*1 h© n<* plus ultra
of all our wishes, the primurn mobile of all our
By J. N. loimg. American Farmers.—The
support of their country, their pn Je and greatness;
Goldsmith might truly say :
"PriBces and I^.rds in ly flourish, and max fide;
\ breath can make them, as n Ivreath lias made;
But a tmld peasantry, tlnir country*# pride,
It once destroyed, can never he supplied.'*’
Ly J. Mel .-cly. The. Youths of the Trim oj
H htclwj.-May they transmit to endless ages, the
spirit of <o.
By VVm. Irwin, jr. May tlic Chief Magistral,
of the I nitfc-d State, perforin his duty a# trurtilv
i a.# he has been engaged -n appointing new otli
cers to high stations they never deserved.
BvJ'Dire. I he Editors of the‘Frn Enquirer.'
M.y the v tight the giio j of faith, until Priest
crait and Superstition is done away.
. Bv the Company. John It. Berry.-lib
kmdoess m oit. ring his rope walk for our accom
modation is only excelled by bis puldic spirit mic
uterproc. r
,,AB ^in2- T\t United State*— May tin
■ i ...w .d ln r glory illuminate the World.
• I Ma/iy volant;*.- toa.ns nu^ofsari/y r.oi!:t(<.

Mr. \\ rn. McCo.vt id •
SIR—I have been appended i bwclfM
Committee of arrangement to flunk \..,j ■
address delivered by you on the 4t!i ;i.<t ■
Presbyterian Church, and tortsp,. .ta
same tor publication. DAY II* '.Vli;fl
Whehng. July G, P*C9.
Mr. David Wjtit7.i—
Ywir note of yesterday, on licit .1* ,f •i,,l
mittee ot' arrangejnent, rmiutading my adj-.l
livered on the 4fh inst for publication, 1
received. I flunk you. an.1 through you tt j
mittee for thoir attention, and place.it Unir,
sal a copy of the address ilclivctul 01 Utc
«ion refun d to. I am. v mu*. «V« .
U .M. McI O.VNl|
Whding. JJy7,1S*J9.
Pronounced by IT.lf. <M ( 0.\ .\*H
at the Presbyterian ('hurrh in }J J
on the 4th of July,
... ^ r « < v
It is always a gnunm spwiaricvi
men, who ted interested m the pros *
of tlieir country, assembled to^otUr
the purpose of commwwwrating those ;
ami remarkable events, which have d;
irtnshed their country. 'Hie spirit *
brings them together is one that does t
it to the human understanding and Si
to the cause of liberty. The objiv
such an assembly is to review the rclii
meats of those most immediately com
ed with the event commemorated; toe
upon the advantages gained thereby;
principles, the moral relation and pole
situation, which such an event opeir
the world; and above all, to express t
gratitude to the kind author of all our bl
mgs. Hut it is peculiarly pleasing to
that class of citizens, who constitute
support of government in peace, and
defence in w ar, tlie enterprising mccle
and manufacturer, united in the edebra
of this day—the anniversary of that
[tunute moment, which delivered them tf
the thraldom of a foreign power andr
1 hied tliem to foster and protect tlie pro4
of their own industry. Untied as they a
| by their interests, and with hearts devr
ito-this cause, no power can w ithstand !
moral force of their unanimity, no seta ]
however cunningly devised, can thwart
licccss, tttjil n o opposition, iroiu un.iiciH
source it may proceed, can retard H
growth «n«l prosperity of our country.^^
Nothing will so effectually hind tlie Iim.-H
and strengthen the sympathy of all rlas.<®
and nothing so readily dispel party lutri®
and political animosities, as ihe toque®
contemplation of the glorious nehieveaeufl
of our ancestors—their sacrifices, th®
privations and their sufferings—hut aU®
all, their unanimity in promoting the mt®|
ests of tl cir country. In that eventful
riod, no local distinction, no opposing H
forests distracted the councils of thcnaii®
—all were united, as a hand of l>ruthcrfl|
in opposition to oppression and in supje®
of the rights of man.
The frequent contemplation ofthesevu®
lues raises the mind above itself, stiinnlai.®|
it to emulate tlie magnanimity ot our depa®
ted f athers and inspires it with the hoi®
ardor of patriotism. The mind that is tu®
elevated by a review of these transact!* ®
is indeed lost to all sensibility. Even r ill
vassals of Europe, upon reading their In®
torv, are lost in wonder, tliut such virtu®
and such magnanimity should havondor*
ed human nature. And were we still de
[wived of our dearest rights, and compelled
to contribute the produce o* our labor to
the support of a corrupted government,
were we still the subjects of oppression and
the slaves of despotic ministers, yet our
hearts would throb and our checks glow a!
the recital of these glorious deeds. What
then should be our feelings when wo recol
lect, that those sages were endeared to u*
by the tenderest tics of nature—that thro’
their instrumcntaluy, wo are snrroOmM
with peace, prosperity and happiness—dial
we are placed in ths possession of liberty
and independence, and enjoy nil the right*
which the (toil of nature intended to tunic:
on man. Oh! our veneration f<*r tho*
great and exalted men should be unnieaf
urablc, and our hearts overflow with grati
tude to tlmt Providence who rulestnd gov '
erns the destiny of nations. Revolution*
\ had heretofore been effected, the manacle* I
ot (lesnonsm severed, uim mu uuuuiuw
of mankind ameliorated.—(ircece lies lu*<!
her struggles—Home has had Iter triumph
over oppression—England bus liecti revo
lutionized, and France convulsed; and per
haps their misfortunes mny have enlighten
ed tlieir minds and softened their condition,
llut it was reserved for the ( nogre-. < ■
; *7f> to hrenk through the prejudices wind
had heretofore enslaved mankind, to vindi
date the dignity of human nature, and to 1
place the rights of humanity upon tlm j
mg pointed out by the decrees of a brnif'
cent Providence. It would be useh.-s to
attempt to eulogise the w isdom of tlwt au
gust assembly. Their deeds bespeak their
l>est praise, and the happy condition of cst
country is the greatest monument of tl'.'
glory. “With them the Republic wa* ev'
ery thing; for that alone they eon«j”"h
the on:y faction they formed vns eg in-**
the common enemy; their minds and lU i
bodies were sincerely and nobly eve ted,
not fcr personal power, but for tlm libcrtid.
! the honor and glory of tlieir country;*’ aid
they were endowed with qualities otk quafc
to the occasion w hich called forth their en
It is true that genius will at all times find
a theatre for the display of its powers.—
i’lic wants, both natural and artificial
mankind, that restless curiosity so inci
dent to the human mind, their pu&tffOs*
their hopes and their (cars, have elicited
the highest mtclectual efforts. IVn courv
try has been so barren nor age so benighted,
but that the rays of genius and of science
have penetrated the gloom and shed a lus
tre upon the surrounding darkness. H'1
ii one time be more propitious to the dt^
piny of genius than aimthcr, it is wbe®
some great commotion otT*-cts the peace o!
a civilized country;—when revolutions o*

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