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Wheeling compiler. [volume] (Wheeling, Va. [i.e. W. Va.]) 1829-1831, June 23, 1830, Image 1

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WHEELING
Xtn»
M ilEELRG, WEDNESOAl, JOE 23, 1830.
IV i.
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* ‘ . . . M«>RMM., BV
“TmT/; '::• "! riso.vsvroiti:,
‘ jiULUff STREET.
..„U4_TV « H be |Hil»li^l>cd
iwjiLI, \R3 i*cf atBUiu, i or lor 32 nuui
,! . |nll‘vc>U,V »' atlvjIH-O. ll IMVlUWtt
*. ‘-Siwo.auc-.^ ■*
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- "-“^sivjruA-rjw.. .
0 03
13 00
20 00
4 00
MARTIN & OOt'ER,
TAILOj^.
r-;prrTFULLV informs il»« 1 '^,c '*»at
ft lUt v cam oij T IH- "• * *•
■, M. ■.uVltiii.i.uiiJ. 0.1.
U jrJuiii boU' i, corner ol I *»u <X J! >n
KSs ^ i^-4> i1w,um' io *ien,d rr
^y,uti.• ij'j-.icatiooof them, in a^ylo tuHrtur
. to take notice, «lwi their V. uures Save
vn carefully preserved. and tliat al Orders rum
i :tUES' HABITS piua ami namatetl,
fi, the, latest and >nust ayprorc* l ishions.
TWO APPRENTICES • «!'■ 111
r,,ut itu3i>ie<- *v mu-d b'. *1 ;.'tm »\ Borer.
TO ( tPITAUSTS A
,»/. i.vi /'. i r ?' 17<m'.
Mam FACrt niNti Establishment.
\ the Ohio Rivet, adjoining th* up|RT end
\£> - the town of Wheeling, coi listing <>f
J'ul \l)KV 70 feet by 90 feet—with two Fck
»tcti together with all necessary tutu res—also
s very large assortment of patterns 0* the most
■ved description fur Steam Emmes—Sugar
rjfs hollow ware Ac. A venr substantial Brick
&trk ■''hop 52 feet wide and 1 JO fort long—thre
*, me* high, containing drums and Irtlies-—a bor
ia* mill, and all appendages rcquiret lor the cou
tpiictioo of Steam Engines *’f the ligest diraeu
liuiis—the whole propelled by a fint rate steam
Cngaie of 40 horsepower; whieb * re-, a ver>
large >upply of water from the OU'b h’tvei tor th
ye <>f ilte w orks.
They will also sell the vtwle, or such part of
l t valuable tract of Laid aborning the above
holdings as may be desired—the whole comnns
ir.' .bout 120 or 130 ACRES. -<0 or DO At KL»
oi" wluchcontains a stratum ut excellent -uonu c>>!u
ftoR 4 to 7 feet thick, supply tog tire works at one
o t per bushel; twi BRIt K HOI S hS of throe
Juries each—uue two story do—a frame ware
h, jse, a largo Bum, »nd ti or 7 frame houses for
til accommodation ot woik hands.
This property being uouoded on the • * io K ver
nearly three fourth of a unle affords depth ot w a
fer at all limes -uiflicient to sustain steam !'"Uts,
which cun We built or repaired within .Hi yards ot
the works.
Application by letter, or otherwise, to oit.scr oi
tiie oihscnbcrs will be promptly attended to. It
not sold by the 1st April, the above property will
te rented for a term of years.
* JOHN Me LURE.
JAMES II FORSYTH.
THOMAS WOODS.
December 9,1039—‘24 tC
N. B. All persons having claims against said
Company, will present them for settlement.— And
J those indebted, are requested to make nnmedi
«, payment* to the subscriber, who is authonzwl
tu receive the same. J* * •
auction and
J. BOMIOIIA A CO,
Auctioneers Jjf Vomrniss~ion •Merehunts,
MAIN STREET, WHEELING, V*. ;
Are now prepared to receive C onsignments i< r
PnMic or Private Sales.
HFFF.U to
O’BiuEJf, Kknpvi.i & Co, Philadelphia, 1 onu
Tvlbot, Joses iV Co, Baltimore, Md.
dlLLKR & CLVHKI . l.oUlNviiir K).
U'mruiKvu & Lvr.wiLL, New-Orlcans.
ii irchd, IS30.
OA Barrels best Molasses
Just jereiv d an t.*r sale b>
J M THOMPSON A CO.
13 II df Boxes. J
25 qr. do.
40 I 10 dm S
Ju»t received and for * tie, by
May 12. KNOX At McKEF.
W
SALS cr TWELVE
I\tH\IULU LOTS.
II Lbe oficrodut Publn Sale, on Saturday
‘Jf>th day of June. at 13 o'clock, that
VERY VALt YULE PIECE OF
GilOt \»,
' footing on Water street, bct«o*:n Third and
lfth street-*, nnim'di itelv below the lowet
1 •-xi.endiiig to Sooth street, viz:—ill be*
’ veer Third .tod Fourth streets, cxoji.'iug itro ,
' ** having a street on every aide.
11 • property being immediately at the landing.
:|l>. via ,rc ftmg, an imiiortant business part
■* l'i.vn, especially when the Muskingum
iu vde n n igable for Steamboats, agrees*
■’ 1 late itet of the Legislature.
, >'Mi' w ill nn doubt claim the attention of
'' ni -a; tins being the only vacant square in \
»■ t<‘» • business part of tin* town.
*1 part of the porch ise money will be re
v 1 ■ o kind.—for the balance, payments will be
«‘ 1 ’ * boot three to seven years. Interest to
** >ud anuuahv.
y „ JOHN DILLON.
- />II*J-Vi!l>» Viv y>,— 4w—n 11 >
rv* I'j’.ct' oTm/.
•>00 Rags Kio Coffee,
fo. Purto Rico do N
' I Ch Sts Y II Tea. *20 Catties do.
■* «'t received for « b\
A \JcKEX.
It rc K*S
KUi:: mi tors .in,i worm destroying
PILLS,
(/’<./>, -id kg the IXVEXrOR liuHStff.)
s II A\ E boon desiroui for some time that tin-!
importation into this country of what are cal i
!-<I the "German Pills,” might uo rl«>uo a wav 1»\ '
tin; ippearaure of a medicine prepared hi the I'm-!
ted Stall's, that might su|»c round them. I now
■.'tier t'> tin* Public a medicine of mv own discovc- '
rv and.preparing, which lias the preference with!
tim-.- who have used ilium, hotli to the German;
and Lee’s PdU. They may be administered iu j
all I'.i-i-s vvlier the above-named arc used, and
with more certainly remove Bilious complaints. j
They are remarkably well calculated to remove ;
all oli.-lnwlion- of the rUrmt, and diseases ori-1
gin '4 froln Bilious redundancies. And as they |
are t»i t!»* ir ooeiulou very mild—causing no gri-j
ptng> or uriplo is int sensations—they m i ilicreV
lore be adm.mslered with equal safety iu all ajro.-’’
of both -,'Xc.s.
i ‘Huh L .£ contains 2o Pi!Is. Price Q~> c^ntt
per li >x.
cmTiricATrs.
II niter Used in oiu practice of the Bilious Pill
prep uvd In \\ illuun A. Brin k, wo can c rtil\
that iiithctr operation tln v are mild and well cal
culated tu produce tlic cttcct fur which they are
de>( mod.
I>R. HORACE POTTER,
dr. geo. M’COOK,
LEONARD II \NN
N. v-Li bon. April i*, IrdU.
We have used Lee’s Bilious Pills in our families
a n .tuber of years, but having effectually tried W.
A. Bruch's Tree Bilious Pills, we give them a >le
cid 1 pr li rence. having found them to cause less
si. km s u,d more etfertual in their operation, til
th. 14b a smaller quantity taken at a dose than u
-u they ha%u also been effectual in removing
worms from several of our children.
JOHN DPGDALE,
J G. \V1I.I.IARI>,
JO>lll A MALIN,
New-LLbun, March *2, 1*>30.
F r - ,ie I y TODD 4- WOODS,
M iv 12. Waler-st. W heeling.
SALTS.
^ Casks Kpsotn Salts,
it .-k-GLAI iiER SALTS,
J• veil uiul fur sale, by
!.v It. KNOX A McKEE
jt ^ ' ?> i’efliietl SALT ITTRFi
WW 3 Sack* Crude do
J -»>i\etl and for sale, bv
m , knox a M. Krr
^5CC 1,>S- Am. Blister Steel
1600 V. nod S. Cast
1600 C"OW ley
lOOO Shear
lOOO English Blister,
Just reci ived and for sale, by
May 12 KNOX A M. KEE.
do
do
do
do
Vo\i\>ev atuA .\W\uce.
30 Bags PEPPER, i 10 Bags XLSI’ICE,
Ju>t received and for sale, by
>j;,v i >. KNOX A McKEE.
Casks Span. Whitening-,
** 5 iv d Brown,
5 “ CHALK,
lust received and for stile, by
May li, KNOX A McKEE.
1 Vi.YFjS.
3 casks Chret, I Pipe old Port,
1 Pipe old S. P. Ttneriffe. 1 * *“ Malaga,
Just received and for sale, bv
May 13. KNOX A McKEE.
| ib It bis. A1A3.M,
■*“ ^ 3 llbds. [Xitel MADDER.
Just received and for sale. t»»
M;|> it>. KNOX A McKEE
4*1 Kegs Spiced Salmon,
** C'l. do.
15 Kib
20 '' >V' Mtmkcil HERRING,
Just received and f r mih . bv
M u 1-3 KNOX A McKEE.
% Tons LOGWOOD,
®" 1 ,1... KlIsrHK,
5 I t<h- BUE VITRIOL, Ac. For sale bv
Muv 13. KNOX A McKEE.
SPERM CAXDI.ES.
boxes Sperm Caudles,
ju-t received and for stile by
u. KNOX A McKEE.
T# 'RPEJVTMATE.
o BbL Tl R RENTIN'E,
Just received and tin sale, b
M 1V |-y l\ V » v A McKEI
Bbls. Sperm Oil,
^7 Just received and im .•
M. |j KNOX A McKEE.
1*1 Bl)ls. Almonds,
** 20 lo. Peace-'- 60C lb* Filbert*,
Ju-t received and for sab by
May 11 KNOX A McKEE.
RAISIN'!?.
1<lfc Boses itid li ill'boxes fresh U VISING,
| l/ Jugt received and foe sale. bv
M.1V |« KNOX Si ftlcKEE
170 CRATES OF
{JC frig's
j. VI. THOMPSON a co.
, Hi \VE j">t received itkfcth*om Liverpool,
_rj[ \ vl \. Orleans. 170 Crates of Queenso ni .
of a superior qo.ililv, which tiiqy "'id X
>„u purr In vers, at the Baltimore and l Inhdelph
pnci-is adding a rate of carriage lower than tli
paid by land.
Tln>> have an experienced Packer, which wi j
ensure tiro ware to be well pu*. up.
Wheeling. March 31. _
FRESH
wr/.Vv* noons.
ire now receiving our Soring supply
\jfif seasonable
Urv-Goods, Hardware, Gro
eeries, Arc.
hu h we invite the attention of ou» cust-.f ,
.fu- public generally to call and examine.
U „ we are determined to sell «* the low '
,,;m„ prices. W. B. TYSON & Co.
April, i&Q.
IIISCELLAXKOl'S.
[from the nantucket enquirer.]
A FRAGMENT,
ON THE TilEOP V OF l'tIE C.NIVEBSX,
UV ST. PIERRE.
f.va
It must not be imagined that the ice?j
which cover the Alps, the Cordilleras, end j
the most elevated mountains of the globe
are comparable tu the two icy oceans!
which surround the pule. These are sett j
tered about the comments to be the source? j
of me mighty rivers which irrigate tlieiw,
and to c*»ol the atmosphere of the torrid
iioncs, vhere, lor the most, they arc loca
ted.
Hut the icy oceans, placed at the ex*
tremities of the axes ot the earth, are evi
dently destined to be the sources of fluid
seas, to replace the evaporated waters by
heir currents, to cool the heated water as
"clla? to warm the chilled, and to pre
serve the equilibrium of the earth. Cast
your C)C upon a geographical globe, it is
evident that the two hemispheres arc
not of equal weight; the northern contains
the largest portion of the continents and
their mountains, whilst the southern hem
isphere comprises the greatest extent ot o
cean. We might call the first the terres
trial and the last the equeous hemisphere.
The northern is then the heaviest.—This
simple sketch of the matter would suf
fice to convico us of its truth, but we
find the flrst proof of this in an almanac.
The earth presents this hemisphere to flic
sun five or six days longer than her south
ern section: thus from the 20th of March
to the 22nd of September, there are li>6
days, during which time the sun is north
of the equator; and from the 22nd of Sep
tember to the 20th of March, during which
period ho is in the southern hemisphere,
there are but 179 days; behold then the
bounteous gift ol Providence, we have sev
en days more of warmth in a year of 363
days.
This is not all, if our hemisphere was
always heavier than the southern, it would
undoubtedly lie constantly presented to
the sun, continually heated by Ins ardent
rays, and would be rendered uninhabitable.
It would be living in perpetual duy. In
hkc manner it' the aqueous hemisphere w as
always lightest it would be iorever heyonc
the influence of the star of day , buried n
everlasting snows and enshrouded in pel
;>etual night.
hut divmo wisdom, not wishing to rea
der the earth useless, by tlie simple opera
tion ot mechanical laws, preserves the liat
mony ot nature! lie lias placed at tlk.*
southern pole an ocean of ice far more con
siderable than in the north, which balan
ces the weight of continents in the terres
trial hemisphere. The cold, winch arises
from the ocean and chills the southern
world, is at least lour degrees greatei than
with us m the same latitudes; it is tbit even
in the torrid zone unit augments in pro
portion as we approach the pole.
But the illustrious Cook, who is, 1 be
lieve, the only European who has made
the circuit of the globe, can alone give us
an adequate idea of its aspect, lie cu
cuuutered, at more than live hundred
leagues distance from the pole, islands ot
flouting ice driving towards the equator by
northern currents. The observation of
tins fuel destroys the system of the New
tomans, who suppose that the world is
flattened at the poles, and that the current.
and the tides come from the line by the
pressure or attraction ot the moon. We
have exposed die falsity of this opinion,
and the experience of Cook proves evident
ly that the earth is elongated at the south
ern pole, since the general currents flow
ironi it during its summer.— l Ins was a
gam proved by the barometer ot Ins ship
which fell in proportion as he approacheo
the pole. At length Cook, by dint of per
severencc, advanced to * 1 10 ot south
latitude, where l.e was arreted in his pro
gress by the immense cupola of ice of winch
he has made the tour, i hi£ was in the
last o. January which corresponds to the
month ol July with us:—thus tins C upola
had already undergone the most ardent
h«»ats of the southern summer.
At tins period it was still more than
three thousand leagues in circumference.
As to its height, he compared it to the
highest mountains he had ever seen, but
as he could perc tve only the halt melted
,-dges ot the mass, there can be no doubt,
.fits being incalculably lolticr at the ecu
lie. . r
Thus:, valuing it only at two leagues ot
reduced height, there will still remain an
mmctiS'U dome of ice, formed ol the ruins
,,nlv ot this frozen ocean. Hut it we esti
mate its extent and elevation at the conclu
sion of its winter, that is, at the autumnal
quinox in September, we may safely judge
• ?o |»c once as large again at least, that is.
iv thousand leagues in circuit, and four
•agues of reduced height. But huiv shall
•* applv to the laws of calculation to an
meet which man has never approached at
• is season of the year?—Is tt not just to
.iposc that this extensive ocean accumu
-• as great a quantity of ice iu winter as
iissipates in summer? We might draw
< conclusion from me remarks ol Cook,
ative to the dissolution of the polar ices.
It is '0 the first place probable that the
.»ors of the vast ocean that surround
this polo are deposited, night aod day, on
ull parts of its circumference in ilic form
iJt snow and mists and that they arc re
tained by congelation in solid ice as we
observe upon the Alps, and, especially,
the Cordilleras, where pyramids of ice are
found tn winter more than eight hundred
fathoms high.
It is then certain that the islands ol
floating ice, which are undoubtedly tlefacb
e,f from the polar mass, are no more form
ed in the sea by the reunion of their wrecks,
than the avalanches which fall from the
snowy regions of our mountains are by the
valleys into which they arc hurled.
It is more probable that when lire earth
presents her southern hemisphere to the
sun, yet upon the equator, the refractionot
lb's star ulreudy acts upon her pole under
an angle of a degree and a half at least;
flat then the dilation of Ujs polar atmos
plcre occasioned by his rays draw the
warn winds of the torrd zone, and, in
shrf, the waves of the eca driven by these
wnds against the sidrs and bases of the
icydome,—-pierce in it profound caverns,
am suspend enormous masses in the air.—
I’fcse effects have been observed in the
ice of the north pole, of which vast por
tios are cut into arcades by the action
of lie waves, and are known to seamen by
thmamc of ice bergs.—In short, whether
ortiot nature employs, to effect this migh- j
tydcmolition, the subterranean ocean, the'
liet of which is most premature, we find
floting ice bergs about ihe polo even be-;
foraihe vernal equinox. These masses,'
looitig their inferior portions by their more
! rapudissolution, fall into the sea below j
| with tremendeous crash
Mt;t of them rear their heads some twoj
or fhiV: hundred feel above the surface ol!
the seafwnd are submerged to two or three
thousand more,—for tlio relation of the
weight oiiee to water, according to philo
sophers, d as 9 to 10. These floating!
masses Iiu-q usually a league or two ot
; circumferatcc. Captain Cook has often
seen 30 or 10 within the compass of tho
horizon at tie same time.
'* e may imagine hence now many there
may have be«n lloating around the mighty]
mass from winch tVv had broken oft.
Supposing it only <<C 900 longues in cir
cumtereuce, and ruductag each horizon
containing it to but one league in diameter
(for Cook assures us that of the fogs and
IlllsU arc «jo <!>ji;rc that he ujuIJ nut trofll
(one part of the ship see a man in the oppo
site part' and vve shall have nine hundred
horizons, each enclosing 40 isles of icc.
Here are then 30.000 ice bergs each one
league in circumference, two thousand feel
below the surface o* the sea and rising in
the air ‘200 feet.—Add to this a sea cov
ered with the wrecks of shattered icebergs
which form, as Cookcxprcsacs it, fields of
ice of several leagues in extent.
Presently tile sun embraces with his red
fires and gilds the vast ley dome of" the
austral pule, tumultuous torrents furrow it
into profound chasms, and pour down
from every side.
The goncral current starts from the
I base of the frozen mass, and diverges to
, the cqu itor.
It advances toward this circle by t!>e
; force of the evaporation of the tropical,
and even of the icy oceans, which lower
in'' their level, of necessity attract it; the
I incipient current of the south advances a
I against the expiring current of the north.
1’wo oceans and two atmospheres dis
j pute the empire of the waves. Ill-latcd is
iheship which is then far from the protec
I tiou of a port. With wlmt terror her crew
I behold her yielding to the fury of the bib
i lows! Yawning guljdis open in the waves
1 and ht*aps of foaming water break high a
I bove the masts.
j Ah! then it is that the most fearless sea
man makes his tardy vows, and iegrets
the tranquil security of home.—And, in
deed, how could he be otherwise than sha
ken by the terrible convulsionsof the sc is
wl en the marine birds themselves, who
live amid its storms, fear and ft.ee for shel
ter? During the equinoctial days they
| speed to land, and, squatting about the
j sliorcs, or plunging into the crevices ol
rocks, they await the termination of the
[ tempest, half dead and covered up with
j spray and sand.
| In the mean time the polar ices nnd the
[general current by which they are urged
j on, and which precedes them, prevail in
the Atlantic Ocean and arc reflected west
! ward by Cape Horn, and cast of the Cape
'•»f flood Hope. This curreQt produce*
! two tides in ’-21 hours in the vast channel
of the Atlantic which has an embouchure
of 117 deg. ol latitude and KIU of longi
tude. The seas then which descend from
; the pole accompanied l>y sleets and snows
•►eat in everlasting surges against the coast
<*f Patagonia, and make its cheerless sum
I mei ruder than our winters. The floating
icebergs seldom advance beyond the lati
tude of the Cape of (iood Hope, and are
| rarely seen so high.—Nevertheless an En
jglisli vessel leaving the roadstead of the
I Cape on her w ay to Botany Bay, encoun
tered, the night after her departure, a cav
ernous isle of ice which had like to have
[overwhelmed them beneadi its rugged
Icllfli.
Again, there is another current coming
from the same pole, in the summer season,
to the Indies, and reflected by the channel
:<>f Mozambique into the Atlantic Ocean:
it is the junction of these two currents
! which renders the southern promontory ot
Africa so notorious for its storms: and it
!is I"rMhc same reas«m that all places, sub
jjcct to tempestuous weather, are situated at
iiepoii ? of confluence of similar currents,
iiio Japan sea has its typhoons, the In-’
j.iian Ocoan^ its hurricanes, the Bermudas
r‘n” ^i,pe Finisterre tiieir sudden aod vio-j
fcut squalls. .Viihougli these places ordi
uinly bear the name of sorre headland, it,
s to the seas which these capes separate j
, piat must he referred to the cause of these
tinh.e phenomena, and these causes must
»e traced to the currents flowing from the!
io!c oi their hemisphere.
? t [*V" 8-1
in tllO rnonn Inna tlio (VtUnltn non nl.In.1
Lm the waters from the Mozambiqe chan
nel, flows to ihe north. This is the favor j
able season for vessels homeward bound ;
from India. This extensivo current;
spreads its tempered coolness through the
whole austral temperate zone. We must:
not imagine that it flows in the manner ot
a river whose waves are urged on by suc
cessive impulses, hut wo must regard it as
a general motion of its entire body acting
at the same time ihrougout its whole ex
tent.
Thus the waters of the southern pole
being in a state of fusion, elevate, them-'
selves above the level of the teinjicrate!
zone, and these do not fail to act upon the
waters of the torrid zone. Those in their
turn displace the yea of the north temper
ate zone that presses again on tlio iev sea
of the glacial zone and at last the impulse
terminates at the north pole.
This successive pressure of the seas is
felt from hemisphere to hemisphere, in the
space of six weeks at farthest, ami is pro
duced a9 I have already said bv the differ-;
cure of their levels, not in the bottoms of
their immense basins, but at the surface.
The melted sen of the glacial zone is nat
urally the most elevated; since the ices
descend from thence, and those of the tor
rid zone depressed by the constant evapo
ration of the sun w ho pumps up their wa
ter and disperses them in clouds. Those
polar seas which become congealed l»v the 1
presence of their winter, are vet lower bv
cause of this verv congelation which sends
forth incessantly thick fogs, known to sea
men hy the .name of ico-b*>rgs They are
so abundant that they sufTice to rover the
entire pole which attracts thorn with nn
l‘u v nontlooni. similar to me mass Under
vhich it groaned six months before
If you demand into what abyss these
Masses of waters arc precipitated which
i low six months from south to north in the
\llantie Ocean. I will fell you that they re- ■
urn in part along its shores in periodic*!
/mrrentH. denominated tides, which are
luring our winter the counter current of
he goneral stream from the South, and
result like it from tho action of the. sun
upon melting ires of the pole. The gene-■
ral current flows from it six months, or
half a year, and the tide proceeding from
it flows twelve hotiM or half a dnv. Some- >
times we have only one tide in ‘.it hours, i
as in the southern hemisphere, and some :
times it is divided into two tides of six
'hours each, as m the Atlantic Ocean
Whether it flows back during the winter.
!rollerf.*d to the north bv the Capos Horn
and (iood Hope, or otherwise descends in
our summer to the south, it is equally the ,
counter current of the general ono which
is itself divided by the two continents.
It is retarded daily in its progress about
three hours, because the dome of ice from
which it has its source is gradually dimin
ished.
Hut let us not lose sight of the general
current of the south; in penetrating to the
torrid zone itfuices onward the enormous
mass of waters boated hy tho fires of Af
rica, and pours it warm and smoking into
our temperate zones. These circles then
around a part of Europe, doubling the
heats of its summer, ripening its autumnal
fruits, and when the first parts of winter
visit our hemisphere, bring us in »hc mid
dle of November those few warm and ha
?.v days known as tho Indian summer.—
From hence it flows to mingle with the
frozen ocean in the north, and break its
expiring waves upon rugged rocks.
We might trace its meandering* thro’
its entire course. It sweeps the seas thro’
which it runs and deposiiesin our winter
upon the shores ot La Vendio and Hra
tagne quantities of ambergris which it has
borne from the oriental Indies.
It was this current which cast ashore
unou the Canaries those American reeds
which induced Christopher Columbus to
suspect tho existence of another world in
the west. It throws annually the marine
seeds of Jamaica upon tho rocks “*®
Orkney isles, and rich with the spoil*
sea and land which so many mighty rivers
pour into Us bosom, t fattens iu the south
myriads of coj, turbot, delicious oysters
•sod other fish, which it nourishes on their
wiutery shores.
It gorges in ihc depths ot the north tr.o
voracious* sea ting, and the ettonnou*
whale, the white bear, and the monstrous
I teals, together w ith a multitude ot hud'*
of prey, which build their nest* and make
their home iu tins vast ccmetry ol the
j earth. 9
lo short, its expiring wave* then p*»ur
! out the lust elements of all which once en
;joyed life, and nourish with tuesc remains
the devouring fired ot Hecla.
Figure to yourself this terrific voicano.
which, with its torrent* ut lurid Htn<*.e,
seems a sepulchral latnp pUced at the
I footstool of the polar regions, towering tUr
abovclho AlpJ and the Cordilleras piled
one ifyou the other.—Picture to yourself
the immense perspective of their prccipi
tuus mountains and their immenso chasms
wrapped in tie white and driven snows as
if all nature was enshrouded in her wind
ing sheet.
Uearyouiot the hollow murmurs of
the billows boating on its wave-worn
bhores and the fearful bowlings of the sav- '
age bears and animals of prey?—Would
you not prc.npuncc this spectacle the sol
emn pomp k the funeral rites, and say,
“The vastbeean’s dead, behold his monu
ment hpuniiwiir an elevation and extent.'*
\ et it is one, tntK , u hicj, ,h0 waves of
the south have erect eo ^ occan 0f t|lc
north; hut the returning so 8Vv«U present
ly raise from the icy tomb a o^-born in
faut, us the beauteous spring *. us|j0red
from the womb of winter, and as t<, living
generations owe their being to thoN who
>lcep in death. Scarcely docs the st.r 0f
life ubandon the southern pole betbre\e
animates that of the north; the seas of tb*
first return to their primitive froze * s'ate,
u Inlet he melts the second:—tho currents
change their course; those of the north
drawn by the avaporation* of the equato
rial seas, are directed to tlio south; tho
two hemispheres lose their equipondcr
unce; tho earth breaks her equilibrium,
and inclining her northern pole towards
the sun, removes the opposing pole into
wintry storms and continual night.
About the *JOih of March, at the vernal
equinox, the fio itiug islands of ice com
mence their annual journey to the tempe
rate regions, to replace the exhausted wat
ers of theocenn.
Ellis, an Englishman, who observed
them elosely during bis voyage to Hudson’s
IViy, says that they are |»crcoived at tho
distance of twenty leagues by the lurid
glare which they reflect upon the Ivrizon,
and the extreme cold which they impart to
the atmosphere when the wind blows from
that quarter.
Denis, governor of Canada, remarked
that the vessels fishing for cod often on
countered them on their route. They *ro
found of every height, connected in u *hwn
of 150 league* in iength, end are ca
priciously and extensively indited that
the fishermen arc often ranged to coast
them si'vprnl Hav*. anH »»ait till they drive
hv. to travetse tho Atlantic and reach
Newfoundland. To their passage by the
coasts, is to he attributed the excessive
cold of C'unaui
They sometimes ground upon die hunks
1 of Newfoundland, although from fifty to u
hundred fathoms in depth, and advance in
tlicir progress towards the equator, as fur
as the middle of the temperate zone. Their
coldness, as well as that of the currents
which bear them on, aflccts tho atmos
phere so sensibly, as frequently to give us
a chilly spring, and accompanied with A*
pnl showers.
Finally, they disappear us thoy approach
the northern torrid zone. A curious ob
servation of our author here occurs, which
I have invself verified; it is thut these
floating ice bergs go down suddenly at *®a
between the fUhh a rift Ifttli degrees of north
latitude, and leave not a vestige ot their
existence on the surface of tho sna. Whe
ther penetrated by the action of tlic sun,
and tho aireadv tepid waters in which
they lloat, they aro entirely dissolved; or
whothcr their bases, being surcharged
with rocks and stonos upon which they
once reposed in the frozen zone, they have
no longer ice enough to float them, aro
suddenly submerged entirely in the sea, is
yet unknown; but the fact itself respecting
their disappearance is well ascertained.
We never encounter a single wreck ol
them, oven, ns we might expect in these
climates, but large spaces nrc frequently
found, where the natural color of the sea
is changed from blue to green. Instantly
the cry of breakers K heard from aloft, and
they hasten to sound with the lead ns i
upon a shoal; but often in vain. Homo
times however, the lead is stopped, and
when drawn up exhibits no indication ot
the bottom. On these occasions, fherq
arc not wanting credulous seamen, who
believe that it ia u* <* “«w
hugrt flsli. . , ...
At other times, eaith and mud sro bro t
up. but differing entirely from the sound*
i.lg* of these luttitudc* so frequented, ami
the depths of which arc so well known.
Nevertheless, this new shoal is noted in
the journal, and inscribed upon the marine
cii.ii ts f>r the instruction of navigators;
but as it is only the remains cf a sunken
ice-berg. tho succeeding year it is no long
er to bo found. I h ive seen a chart of the
Furepeat! seas, filled with the** pretended
shoals, between the 30th and 10th degrees
of northern lattitude; but tho constructor
hud >it least conscience to mark them as
doubtful banks.
[To b« continued. j
it'. A. WARD,
DENTIST,
INTENDS having Wheeling m a *bort time to
remain al>»wt during llie summer seoeon. Tlxa.o
wfo^/equire bn * rotcaefuual etrvtcc* will do w«U
to apply immediately. June ihli.
A COTTON SEINE,
F ilw first fj to'lUy. i>i«ir bt John S|il«» /A..#
'4J Sj,nn<f, i* mm FOR HAI.K r**rv lonr
t r Cadi, a: tU CORDAGE STORE «t
JOILX W. U0R&X
i! XWtotYmz, .Jan# Pf

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