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Columbia gazette. [volume] (Columbia, Tuolumne County, Calif.) 1852-1855, November 19, 1853, Image 1

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YOU. 2.— NO. 2.
)For the Columbia Gazette
Adieu! my old jewel, you Lave troubled
' long; **'
Your pLiz Las grown black and your
. breath Las grown strong;
You Lave been my companion through
many long years,
And you’ve caused me to shed many
“crocodile tears.”
You Lave burnt out my pockets, and
soiled my clothes, — •
The stench from your breath gave offence
to my nose,—
You have caused me the hcad-ache, as
well as the “blues,”
’Twixt the troubles you’ve bro’t me
there’s little to choose.
You have made me feel sick, and often
turn pale,
When drawing the smoke through your
old filthy tail;
Much injury done me in times that have
I>ut your power to enslave me has loft
you at hist.
No more in my pockets will you ever
take rest,
While with life and with reason this
“homhre” is blest;
Nor upon the old mantle-tree ever be
With a “chunk of tobacco” and the
knife's dirty blade.
That we should have travelled life’s jour
ney so long,
When your phiz was so Mack and your
breath was so strong,
In union unbroken and friendship so
’ a question which now very strange
doth appear.
if I ’vc
blightings at last,
And resolved all such friends from my
presence to east;
I’ve no place for you now, let me roam
where I will,
For I know that your presence produces
me ill.
Again, my old jewel, I bid you adieu !
There’s surely no friendship between me
and you;
If you come in iny way I will give you
hard “hits,”
And as likely as not knock you all into
I will deal on your body full many hard
I will smash up your tail and I’ll batter
your nose;
Your old cindered brains I will knock
out for fun,
And I’ll thrash you most souud for the
evils you’ve dtne.
Como all you old smokers, your pipes
throw away,
Let us have iu our lives at least one so
ber day;
On Temperance’s Altar let us swear
that we will
Never more use the treed. nor protect lh
Yali.e< i ro, Oct. 30, 1853.
“The critter loves me! I know she
loves me!” said Jonathan Dubikins, and
sat upon the corn-field, meditating
the course of his true love, that was
running as Shakspcare said it did—radi
cr roughly. “If Sake Peabody has ta
ken a shine to that gawky, long shank
ed, stammerin’ shy critter Gusset, jest
cause he’s a city feller, she ain’t the girl
I took her for, that’s sartain. No ! it’s
the old folks; darn their ugly ptetura !
Old Mrs. Peabody was allers a dreadful,
liigh-falutiu’ critter, full of big notions;
and the old man’s a rcg’lar soft-headed,
driven about by his wite, just as our old
one-eyed rooster is drove about by our
• catankerous five-toed Dolkin’ hen. But
if I don’t spile his fun, my name ain’t
by the railroad next week—and when I
come back, wake snakes ! that’s all.”
The above soliloquy may serve to give
the reader some slight idea of the land,
in the pleasant rustic village where the
speaker resided.
Mr. Jonathan Dubikins was a young
"Bert shall the PRESS, The PEOPLE'S EIGHTS maintain; Ihjwtd b; hhetct. And nnbribed by CAIN.”
farmer, well to do in tlic world, and look
ing out for a wife, and had been paying
his addresses to Miss Susan Peabody,
the only child of Deacon Elderberry
Peabody, of that ilk, with a fair pros
poet of success, when a city acquain
tance of the Peabody’s, one Mr. Cor
nelius Gusset, who kept a retail dry goods
shop in Hanover strreet, Boston, sud
denly made his appearance in the field,
and commenced the cutting out game.
Dazzled with the prospect o( becoming a
gentleman’s wife, and pestered by the
importunities of the aspiring mamma,
the village beauty had begun to waver,
when her old lover determined on a last
and bold stroke to foil his rival. He
went to the city, and returned; of his
business there he said nothing—not
even to a pumping maiden aunt who
kept house for him. He went not near
the Peabody’s but labored in bis corn
field, patiently awaiting the result of his
Ibe next day, Mr. Gusset was set
tled with the old folks and their daugh
ter, in the best room of the Peabody
mansion, chatting as pleasantly as may
be, when the door opened, and in rush
ed a very dirty and furious Irish woman.
“Is is there ye are, Mr. Cornelius
Gusset! Come out of that, before I
fetch ye, ye spalpeen! Is that what ye
promised me afore the priest, ye bay
than nagar? Punning away from me
and the cbilder —forsakiu’ yor larful
wedded wife, and running after the
Yankee gals, ye infideutial’’
“Woman, there must be some mistake
here, stammered Gusset, taken all aback
by this charge.
“Divil a bit of a mistake, ye sarpent!
Oh, wirra ! wirra ! was it for the likes
of ye I sacked little Dinnes McCarthy—
who loved the ground I trod on, and all
bekasc ye promised to make a lady of
me—ye dirty thief of the wurruld? Will
ye come along to the railroad station,
where I left little Patrick, because be
was 100 sick with the small pox to come
any furder—or will ye wait till I drag
yc. : ”
“Go—go—along,” gasped Gusset.
“Go, and I’ll follow you.”
lie though it best to temporize.
‘I give you tin minutes,’ said the vir
ago. ‘lf ye ain't there, it’s me cousin,
Mr. Thabby Mulgruddery, will be after
yo, 3 - e thief!”
And away went this unbidden guest.
Mr. Gusset was then engaged in stam
mering out a denial of all knowledge of
the virago, when the parlor door again
opened, and a little blackeycd hatchod
faced woman, in a flashy silk gown and
a cap wi h many ribbons, perched on the
top of her head, invaded the sanctity of
the parlor.
“ Is he here?” she cried in a decided
French accent. Then she added, with
a scream, “Ah mon dieu ? lc voilat.
Zero he is. Traitor !—moster ! Vat
for you run away from me?—Dis two
tree years I novair see you—nevair—
and my heart broke very badly entire
ly.” t
“W ho arc your” cried Gusset, his
eyes starting out of his head and shiver
ing from head to foot.
‘He asks me who I am. 0, you var
respectable old gentlehonnnc! hear vat
he ask—V ho I am, perride! ah! —I am
your wife !”
“I never sec you ’fore—so help me
Bob,” cried Gusset, energetically.
“Don’t you swear!” said old Deacon
Peabody; “ if you do I’ll kick you into
fits; I won’t have no profane or vulgar
language iu my bouse.”
“0, bless you, bless you, respectable
old man. Tell him he must come viz
me—tell him I have spoke to ze consta
ble—tell him.” Sobs interrupted her
“It’s pesky bad business,” said the
Deacon, chafing with unwonted ire—
“ Gusset you’re a rascal.”
“Take care Deacon Peabody ! take
care,” said the unfortunate shopkeeper.
You’ve gone aud married two wives, and
that ’ere’s flat burglary, ef I know any
thing ’beout the Revised Statoots.”
“Two wives!” shrieked the French
“Half a dozen, for aught I know to
the contrary,” said the Deacon. Now
you clear out of my house, go away to
the station, and clear out into Boston—
I won’t have nothing more to do with
“I don’t want to hear you, ye sarpint
cried the Deacon, stopping his ears with
his bauds, “man-yin’ two wives, and com
bi’ courtin’a third. Oolong! Clear
Even Mrs. Peabody, who was Inclin
ed to put iu a word for the culprit, was
silenced. Susan turned from him in
horror; ami in despair he fled to the rail
way station, hotly pursued by the glam
orous and indignant Frenchwoman,
That afternoon as Miss Susan Peabo
dy was walking towards the villiage, she
was overtaken by Mr. Jonathan Dubi
kins, dressed in his best, and driving his
fast going horses before his Sunday go
to-meeting chaise. He reined up, and
accosted her.
“Hollo, Suke! get in and take a ride!”
“Don't keer if I do, Jonathan,” re
plied the young lady, accepting the prof
fered seat.
“I say, you,” said Jonathan grinning,
“that ere city feller’s turned outapoor
ty pup, aiut he.
“It’s dreadful, if it’s true,” replied
the young lady.
“You had a narrer escape, didn’t ye?”
pursued the old lover. “But he warn’t
never of no account anyhow. What do
the old folks think about it?”
“They han’t said a word since he
cleared out. ”
“Forgot that night I rode you home
from sin,-nig school?” asked Jonathan,
suddenly branching oft ”
“.No, I hain’t,” replied the young la
dy, blushing and smiling at the same
“Remember them apples I gin vou?”
“Oh, Yes ”
“Well, they was good, wasn’t they?”
“First rate, Jonathan.”
“Got a hull orchard full of them ere
kind of fruit, Suke,” said Jonathan, sug
Susan was silent.
“G’lang!” exclaimed Jonathan, put
ting the braid on the black horse. Have
you any idea of where wc’se going,
“I’m going to the village?”
“No you haiu’t—your going along
with me.”
‘‘Where to?”
“Providence; and you don’t come hack
till you’re Mrs. Dubikius—no bow vou
can fix it.”
“How you talk, J.onatlian.” . .
“Darn the old folks !’’ said Jonathan,
putting on the string again, “ef I was to
leave you with them much longer,
th ey’d he tradon you off on to some city
feller with a half a dozen wives already.’*
The nest day as Mr. and Mrs. Duhi
kins were returning home in their chaise,
Jonathan said, confidentially:
“May as well tell you now, Suke, for
I hain’t any secrets from you, that
Gusset never see them women afore they
came stoppin into your house and hlow
ed him. I had though,—Post mo ten
dollars, by thunder ! I touched ’em
what to say, and I expect, they done it
well! Old Gusset may bo a shopkeep
er, hut if lie expects to go ahead of
Jonathan Dubikius, be must got up a
plagucy sight earlier a mornings!”
Prom the Shasta Courier we learn
that a Government Express arriv
ed at Fort Jones on Monday last,
directly from Fort Lane in Rogue River
Valley, hearing intelligence that a com
pany of U. S. Dragoons had a very se
vere engagement with a party of Indians
on Deer Creek, some twenty-five miles
above Fort Lane. It seems that the
Indians cn the trail between Jackson
ville and Crescent City, have for some
weeks past been very troublesome, hav
ing killed one man and robbed numer
ous trains. For the purpose of chastis
ing the depredators and freeing the
road from their further annoyance, Capt.
Smith, Commander at Fort Lane, sent
out Lieut. Radford with a company of
thirty dragoons, who met, and attack
ed the Indians on Deer Creek, and af
ter quite a hard fight forced them to
scatter in the mountains. The Indians
had ten warriors killed, and a greater
number wounded. Lieut. Radford had
a sergeant and one private killed, and
three privates wounded. The Indians
in their flight adandoned all of their
horses, ammunition, food, and indeed
nearly all else of their worldly posses
sions. A few instances of this style of
diplomacy will do more according to onr
thinking, towards securing peace with
the savages, than a thousand treaties,
even though negotiated by Gen. Lane.
A gentleman named L. A. Sackctt
was on his way from the Backbone house
to Snow Point, one day last week, when
he met a large grizzly bear and was com
pelled to make to a tree. The bear
kept bun a prisoner a short time, and
then walked off. Mr. Sackett made
rapid travelling back to the Backbone
House, ns soon as his heapsljip got out
of hearing. —Nevada Jour,
explanation of the ruins
A correspondent of
from Santa Anna, rndcrfl^^^^Btob'M
Your paper came to WgjtßF^W'
ing an account of nny
discovered in the ol
the Colorado, abon f taSjqwßiKl udks
up the river. This lias
caused so much excitcw^^^BKt so an
cient as might he
In 1541 .search
fornia. lie gave lo name
of Cortes Sea. In ho
was recalled to a
turhanee which t<- 1; e
fn uu the capi 1 01. II i >rio i
Colorado they left pnd in
boats ascended as thr of
a treaty with the made
preparations for !IS .
suring the natives tLat,THErw-ic chil
dren of the sun, sent to ]JaL‘ ! ..he lu
mas against all their eni^jHr
In the year 1543,the of Con
ception was founded on gL west -dde
of the Colorado, opposite tao mouth of
the Gila. In the billowing oar, the
Spanish priests, with their soldiers, ex
plored the river 180 mi’- < further.—
There they built a fort of adobes, of 50
feet iu height, with a level top of 25
feet square, fully completed with field
pieces of artillery, to protect them from
the encroachments of the Indians. This
fort being composed of mad earth, in
the rainy season the whofciabric fell to
the ground from the overflow of the
In‘the following. yewfUlio soldiery
caricd their field pieces up the river,
and a few miles to jhe east pf the bot
toms ot the Colorado ttle-y limit a large
fort ol stone, about one hundred feet in
height, double the size of the former.—
Alter placing their artillery on the level
above, they went to cultivating the
ground, unmolested by the Indians,
whose tribes were nunerous on both
hanks of the river. On the east were
the \ umas, Apaches, and Maricopas;
on the west, the Mohaves, Moquis, and
Cocomaricopas. The character of these
Indians is, by nature, indolent and pus
illanimous, and without energy. At
sight of a Spanish soldier, hundreds of
the Indians run away, like sheep before
a wolf, raising their war cry. Their
arms were long bows and arrows, clubs,
end spears, of burnt wood; their arrows
pointed with optal stone, and their
hatchets made of the same. Ultimately
these Indians discovered that the pro
visions brought over from the Mexican
side were deposited at the Mission down
the river; there they commenced their
emigration iu such numbers that the
whole country above was nearly depopu
lated. The soldiers abandoned their
fort to protect their Mission.
Here were gathered almost the whole
of the mentioned tribes. The soldiers
commenced to fortify their Mission by
building forts of stone and adobes, all a
rouud their premises, and ditching for
the purpose of irregating their agricul
tural lands. The first crop of grain
raised at the Mission was gathered by
the Indians and soldiers, and the pro
duce was equally divided daily among
the Indians. This charity excited them
insomuch that at the next spring the In
dians all, with one accord, commenced
the cultivation of the Mission lands, so
that storehouses was filled. And the
third year the -crops were so abundant
that they made rafts for the purpose of
taking the grain down to the shipping,
and shipped it to Mazatian, La Paz,
Charnetla, San Bias, and Acapulco.—
The returns were in such articles as
they required for domestic use, all equal
ly divided amongst the Indians, so that
every thing was to he bad in the Mis
sion that nature required. Even schools
were got under way for the education of
the Indian children. A friar was dis
patched to Mexico with maps and sur
veys of their progress. And to give the
chief a favorable view of Spanish gran
deur, he went with the priest to Mexico
where the viceroy received him kindly,
making him many presents. The priest
likewise was loaded with presents for the
churches, and the privilege of building
a stone bridge across the Colorado, from
uue rock to another was accorded. On
their return to the Mission, the priest
and chief were unfavorably received. —
The Indians refused the chief because
he was become so much of a Spaniard;
diis caused a civil war, —the tribes a-
the missionaries and the soldiers.
The priests had two much confidence in
the Holy Virgin to be subdued by sava
ges. One Sunday, while they were
singing high mass to the Virgin for pro
tection, the Indians made a bold rush on
the church, and fought the whole day,
till the soldiers’ ammunition was expend
ed. The Indians at length gained the
day, and set the whole Mission on fire;
and in a short time the whole building
fell in upon the missionaries and the
soldiers, who were all buried under the
ruins to this day. Thus fell, in one da}"
the most flourishing Mission that ever
was founded in California.
There are other such ruins to be
found on the Gila: such as what is com
monly called the House of Montezuma,
an old Spanish fortification, now a heap
of ruins.
The year following the destruction of
said Mission of Conception, there came
one of the g catest arrecie and hurri
canee that ever was known, from the
south. The tempest, so violent, har
ried up the largest trees, and swept the
mountain clean of all its rich verdure,
and tIH this day the country presents a
desolation as if caused by some convul
sion from volcanic irruption, masses of
earth were seized up in the eddying
whirlwind, burying the rich pearl fisher
ies in its course up the Gulfto the Col
orado. There it discharged its sandy
contents all over, and actually burying
up that large portion of the country
which your travellers remark on the
Colorado, .“now the most barren, was
once the garden and granary of the con
tinent, and the abode of millions of our
I wish, however, to go further than
this, ami show you this “paradise of the
world, now become the very home of
desolation,” and across which I have
travelled six s difforcnt times. In IS-17,
with my family, I was again crossing
the desert for the State of Sonora. At
leaving the settlements I was taken
prisoner by Gen. Kearny and his troops,
marching to California. These troops
arrived at my camp at midnight, and in
the most violent manner took my family
prisoners, and seized all my property of
forty-five gentle travelling horses, sad
dles and pack saddles, etc., and instru
ments necessary for my occupation, as a
naturalist; besides my clothing, provis
ions and sundry other articles; likewise
a large manuscript of about six reams
of paper, containing 1000 drawings,
maps, etc., of the inland coast of Cali
fornia, most of them executed by my
self, and the rest obtained from the
M issionarics for services. These manu
scripts and maps had never been in
print. My whole twenty-six years la
bor was in one hour totally destroyed by
ihc Indians in the employ of the Amer
ican commander. From the most crcd
table men in California, among them
Colonel Fremont, I procured thirty affi
davits, stating the value of said manu
scripts to be not less than $250,000. —
Samples of said drawings, maps, etc.,
are still exhibited in the surveying offi
ces at Washington, and I was offered
SSO, for one small fragment of the orig
inal. If the ruinous fort in the desert
has caused so much excitement, what
then would have been the effect of said
manuscripts, allowed to have been the
largest collection of originals ever ex
hibited in America.
Sir, yours truly, WM. MONEY.
President Pierce, —ln John Van
Bureu’s speech at Albany, on Tuesday
evening, he referred to the President in
the following terms:
The Democratic party presents itself
now in one of its most alluring aspects.
You have at the head of the National
Government, a young, upright, zealous
and partiotic President, truly represent
ing the spirit of the age. The senti
ments which he has declared In his in
augural address, the declarations which
he has made in regard to the immunities
of citizenship, his uniform professions of
kindness towards our adopted citizens,
the elevated view which he takes of the
destiny of this Republic—all these make
him the appropriate, as he is the chosen
chief of the great Republican party of
the country.
The clergyman who “came to a head”
in his discourse, was much disappointed
to find no bruins in it.
A protest is published from citizens
of Humboldt county, against the loca
tion of School Lund Warrants conflict
ing with the claims of pre-emptors upon
the public lands.
The question involved Is strictly a le
gal one. The act of Congress of 1841,
under which the State of California be
came entitled to 500,000 acres of land,
and has proceeded to convert the same
into school land warrants, authorized
their location only on the surveyed pub
lic domain. They can not be legally
located until the public lands are sec
tionised, the surveys returned by the
Surveyor General, and approved of by
the General Land Office at Washington.
Then the holder of a school laud war
aaut is entitled to go into the Land Of
fice and select and locate according to
the U. S. Surveys, provided the land is
vacant. The consequence is, that all
surveys and locations under State au
thority, previous to that time, are simp
ly void and of no effect.
Under the pre-emption laws of 1841
and of 1853, especially the latter with
reference to California the pre-emptor
has a right to settle on the unsurveyed
public domain of the United States.—
The result is the pre-emptor settles ac
cording to law and by right; has a legal
entry and possession, and will hold over
the School Warrant whether it was loca
ted before or after his settlement, if the
land was vacant, or not covered by any
valid Spanish or Mexican grant.
As the lawyers would say, the pre
emptor is in by l ight, and the School
Warrant in wrongfully. The land offi
cers of the U. S. Government will never
permit a few speculators to monopolize
all the best selections of the public do
main in California, to the exclusion of
actual settlers. It is also a violation of
the spirit of the laws of the U. S. Con
gress in another respect. After the
public lands are surveyed, before they
are liable to private entry at the mini
mum price, it is necessary that they be
offered at public auction iu. the land of
fice, where the highest bidder is entitled
to purchase,.with regard to all land not
covered by \pilid pre-emptions, or which
may not have been previously selected
for school purposes or purposes of inter
nal improvement. But these latter se
lections must be made after the return
of the public survey, and according to
the acts of the United States Congress.
In the news received by the English
Overland Mail, 's published a extract
from the North China Herald of July
9th, which adds an interesting item to
intelligence received direct at this port.
The Herald says:
“Information has reached ns private
ly that while the United States fleet
were in the neighborhood of Napican
(Napakiang?) the Susquehanna and
Saratoga went on a cruise east ward, and
touched at several beautiful islands,
where they distributed live stock. They
also touched at an island named Bonian.
To their surprise, they discovered a few
European residents, consisting of Eng
lish, Scotch, Irish and Spanish, who had
left whalers and established themselves
there. Among them were afoul eleven
women. The Governor of the island is
a Scotchman. He claims the island as
his own, and has been settled there about
twenty years. He has a family of sev
eral children, one of whom was drowned
a few days before the Susquehanna
touched there, iu endeavoring to cross
the bar.
“The Commodore has made a pur
chase of a piece of land containing about
ten acres, for $. r )0. It is in a good sit
uation, on one of the best sites in the
harbor, and is intended for a Govern
ment Coal Depot. The island is moun
tainous, and the harbor excellent, hav
ing from eighteen to twenty fathoms of
water at the anchorage. Shell fish, such
as lobsters and crayfish abound. On
land, plenty of wild goats arc to bo
found. Plums; bananas, plantains and
other varieties of fruit are abundant ou
the island.
“The Russian frigate Pallas and a
Russian brig-of-war, immediately follow
ed the American squadron.”
The town of Lynn, Massachusetts,
contains one hundred and fifty-five shoe
factories, which give employment to ten
thousand four hundred and eighty-six
persons of both scios, iu the manufac
ture of shoes.

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