Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 2.— NO. 3.
POETRY. II O M E . »T JOHN GREET. There is a spot, a hollowed spot, More precious tar to thee, Than all the “ pomp aud circumstance” Of earthborn majesty. ’Tie not that of the pyramid Which lifts its towering head Aloft, with mystic grandeur, midst The cities of the dead. It owns no seagirt capitol Renowned for wealth and fame, With poet’s lyre or statesman's deed N To otcrniie its mine ; It boasts no mighty citadel, Embattled tower or dome: No, charms thtSt yield superior joys Surround tha spot called “Home.” Sequestered though it he, aijd hid From stern ambition's eye; Though Phidias hath not made its shrine With Grecian temples vie; Though art hath ne’er bestow’d the digit! Which graced ‘‘eternal Rome,” There beanip a deathless glory o’er My spirit’s native home. Home! t tis the heart’s Elysium, The happiest spot of earth; ’Tis there a mother’s hallowed smile Gives kindliest impulse birth: Ner ought, save death, shall ever tempt My thoughts from thee to roam. Or break the golden link, which binds My spirit to its home. West Round! what thrilling tale it breathes In raem’rv's listening ear, How boyhood's sunny moments sped T'nsullied with a tear. With master chord it wakes the charms That deck'd mv native sky. The lowly cot sal purling rill, Which bubbled heedless by; The pnrple vineyard, which had raffled For oentnres its crest; The landscape, which alternate owned A sheen and russet vest; The nrdodies, which made each grove A minUtrelsy of glee. Compared with which all others are But wild wood-notes to me. huge a r m chair, beside the hearth, The an dent volutin near, From whence the sacred precept came In accents sweet and clear; The good, familiar clock, that click'd With oaken case so b’ight, And seemed my lone companion through The longest winter night: The matin prayer, at cnee designed To curb impatient youth, Restrain the heart and point to paths Of happiness and truth; The kind rebuke, when folly bade My wayward footsteps roam, An 1 themes that ever must endear The sanctuary —home! Each hath a voice most eloquent, Though others deem it mute, And chords than which ne’er sweeter flow’d From seraph’s tuneful lute. »Tm true no costly ornaturo Adorns that humble cot. Yet it hath beauties which by me Can never be forgot. MISCELLANY. [ Writ leu Jir the Golden Era .] MINERS’ TEN COMMANDMENTS. A *tw rerse-iON —including a pream ble, BT-LAWS AND DECREE. By Cadez Orion. PREAMBLE. Away “down east” there dwelt a man, E’en over in tbe State of Maine, Who bad enough of tall pine trees Himself and wife to well maintain. Bat years rolled by and children came Around the little fire side, And claimed a right to eat and drink, Nor could such wants well be denied. The pine tree grew and children too — Though in their manner far apart: The trees grew thin the children thick , And thus from Maine were doomed to part. “Old Zenas” to his wife did say— “l’ll injve you all to Michigan, "Hilt shill the PRESS. The PEOPLE'S SIGHTS niiaiaii; Biiwtd bj Influence, led unbribed I; GAIN.'' COLUMBIA, TUOLUMNE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1853 And California I will seek * And dig until a richer man.” Across the Plains he bent his steps; And passed large droves of Buffalo, Wild horses, turkies, very fine, And tigers, jackalls, Indians too. At times he hadn't nary piece Of meat whereby to teed upon, Nor any water for his thirst— And thus he saw the old lion. At last his clothes in tatrors hung About his sore and weary form— His “harp of hopes” was soon unstrung And fancied nigh the gathering storm. He mourned his lot and often wept To think he ever took the jaunt — And then he’d rave,and swear he b’leaved He’s soon to see the Elephant! And thus “Uncle Zenas” soliloquiz ed:—“l ouc’t lived in peace and pros perity away deown in the State of Maine, ■md owned tew ccows, ten oxen and three shoals—beside dear Polly and Ike and Jake and Tabitha and Sarah Ann, Kliza Jane, together with darling babe that was named Rachel , because she lifted up her voice and wept when I kiss ed her and departed for Californy!— V-as, His even /, “Old Zenas,” that’s neow in Californy, and haint struck a duglc pocket nor crcrice yet, and I’ve travelled e’en a’most as fur as His tew hum. And herejhe road forks! Won der which of these onlik ly roads nears off tew Hangtown? llelloa! I’m blaz ed cf here aint jest the sarkumstance I’m looking for, by golly! A guide board, sartin as preaebiu!—No taint, wither—c-ut the fingers are pintin up, an I it reads— 'Lß'hold, a vne vers o-ian of the Winers’ T*n Commandments, liy-Laics, and 1) cree! Which reads as follows; BY-LAWS. One claim thou may'st own, and there drive your stake, And coyote and crevice Hill you make or you break; Always find the bed-rock, keep at work an l pump— Do anything rather than be running a bout. If the gold isn’t there, keep cool and don’t swear; Nor cither get tight and say you don’t care, Nor practice the art of ‘salting’ your claim— For by such a practice you'll get a bard name. Climb out rent cool, with pick, pan and shovelf Aud don’t seek the cabin and pore over a novel — But mark a new claim and pitch in a . And never have doubts of striking a vein. Should you strike a rich pocket, a crev ice or lead, Don’t drink quite a barrel on the fortu nate deed— But pocket your dust and go whistling away, Content to enjoy it at some future day. Should you venture your luck in darn ing the rivers. And work in the water, getting colds, coughs , and skivers, Let ‘old rye’ alone, and with wisdom of thought, Sell out if you can, and bless him who bought. Wend your way to dry-diggings, pur chase sluice-box or ‘tom,’ And a claim, too, if rich—judge of those you buy from — Hire eight or ten ‘Coolies, —come the cooly at once, Thus showing the people you are not quite a dunce. By 'Johnny Celestial’ make two dollars . per day, On the labor of each, you sec, that will pay; Whereas, if you hire Uncle Sam’s sturdy son— You would pay more for labor, and hardly make one. And lastly, thus reads the Decree— Firstly —lt is decreed unto all the people of California, that ye do observe all that is herein written, that ye avoid some of the shoals and quicksands of this life, aud especially during your sojourn in California, where a lesson or a warn ing cannot be given too soon. Califor nia is one vast Amphitheatre—contain ing an assemblage of human beings from every land and clime. All classes, all colors, and all conditions, are each day before your gaze, and soon they are as sociated more or less with you all. And now, my Disciples, this is why I publish this Decree, and give you this warning that ye may be prepared to meet the tempters. Secondly —lt is decreed, 0 yc Min ers, that I first publish unto you the de cree; as ye are the most numerous of any of the tribes of California. And I pray you will hearken unto me with an attentive ear, that ye may be profited thereby. Ye are indeed mighty, and the wise men and counsellors of ten, have sought thine abode to teach ye wisdom and understanding. Thirdly —And thus it is decreed that thou shalt not labor to thine discom fiture and bodily pain. Thou shalt la bor as becometh good Disciples, and shall not exceed ten honrs a day. Thy food shall consist of that which is most wholesome and nourishing and thy rai mnet shall be of woolen and of firm fix tare, and each week shalt thou cleanse thine apparel. Fourthly —ln default of the same, thy brother miners shalt take thee down even doawn unto Feather Biver, and there cleanse the—apparcel,! ody and all together, until thon wilt lend thine own exertions to do it thyself. Fifthly— If vermin infest thee or thy blankets, tbou shalt bo banished from the cabin, thee and thy raiment until thou shalt rid thyself of thine unwel come visitors. And on the day—yea the hour —in which it shall appear that thou art ridden of all plagues,—then in solemn procession shalt thou be march ed with thy brother miners back even unto the cabin and all feast sumptuously. Sixthly —lt is decreed, that thou shalt not be made servants one to another, only as each serves the other in his turn. Neither shalt thou forsake thy brother miner while on the couch of sickness and pain, but shall carefully watch over him, and administer unto every necessa ry want, until he shall be able to arise again, and proclaim himself well of his malady. Seventhly —lt is also decreed, that thon, O miner, who hath a family iu a distant country, shall, whenever in thy power, remit the avails of thy labors to keep them in food and raiment during thy sojourn here. Thou shalt not neg lect thy wife and children, and go after strange women, who, with a Syren’s tongue and winning smiles, would lure thee to her snares of shame and degra dation, and rob thee of thine honor, thy virtue and thy gold; and at last would despise and curse thee, and turn thee a way empty handed. Beware, least thon art overtaken iu thy secret wanderings, and lose thy life, aud thy friends mourn thy untimely fate. Eighlly —And it is also decreed, that thou, 0 young man, who hast left thy father’s house to sojourn in the land of California, —even in the mines thereof— thou too, I pray take heed. Remember thc.coun.sel of thy mother and sisters, and forget not thy solemn promises and pledges of affection. Nor shalt thou forget to pen an epistle each mail to thy kindred, that they may know how fares the wanderer, and when he is to return Neither shalt thou forget that young aud comely maiden who gave to you her warm and trusting affections, while yon vowed to remain true and never forget that starry night just on the eve of de parture. Remember all these promises, that in thy after life thou mayest be blessed with future generations likened unto thee. Ninthly —lt is decreed, that thou, 0 Bachelors, shall be banished for a sea son, working out thy salvation here in the mountains, even among the eternal snows of Sierra Nevada, and here re main until you come to the sage conclu sion that there is a more congenial at mosphere by the side of the gentle sex. If such is the result of thy experience, thon mayest take up thy bed and walk, leaving thy tools for others of thy kind. Ever after thy works shall he judged, and when a certain period of time shall expire, and thou hast not employed the time profitably, and obeyed the Scrip tures, wherein it reads—“multiply and replenish the earth”—if you have failed in this, thon shalt again and forever serve among the snows of the Sierras. — Therefore, ye bachelor miners, take warning. 4 Tenth and last Decree—for the Peo~ pit —lt is now lastly decreed, that thou, Californians all, male and female, who cotaest hither to better thy fortunes— thou art commanded to pay especial at tention to this Decree. Thou—a cer tain class—journeyed hither to repair thy .ruined circumstances, to pay off old debts which have hung like a heavy weight over the horizon of thy future happiness. Thou Lave come hither, will ing to brave the storms and tempests, both of nature’s warring elements and also the “party feuds” and “political gusts’’ that often lend violent commo tion to this golden land. Thou, 0 Pol itician, who, in thy Atlantic home, didst crave office, and thy ambitious desires were not gratified—thou who labored so energetically for the good of the people (and thyself too) —thou who wort beat en by thy political opponent, thou com est hither to retrieve thy fortunes, to build up thy high minded hopes, to court Dame Fortune’s smiles once more, and to raise up unto thyself a great name.— But beware, thou lofty aspirant of fame; there are those here who art long before thee, who have their Wires laid, and now have wealth on 'their side. Take heed; be wise; do thou go to one Bryant and and there select a pick, pan and shovel, and sojourn for a while in the moun tains. for there thou wilt have an equal chance among thy fellow laborers. And thou; 0 Speculator, from Gotham, thickest thou that in California, even in San Francisco, thou canst succeed, and have built up thy broken fortunes by thy schemes and thy small capital?— Thou too, beware, for in San Francisco there are speculators congregated from all countries, even of the shrewdest kind, and have studied and practiced all manner of devices. Take heed, therefore; and invest thy small capital in miners supplies, and flee to the moun tains, or to some inland village, and there be content with health, good cold water, and fair profits. And thou, pilgrims to the Eureka State, tarry not at the Bay, but pierce the Northern wilds, and the mountain scenery; rush for purfi -air, health, wealth, and plenty of labor. Despair not in the hour of thy afflictions, but brave the storm manfully and soon thou art safe. Apd thou fair maidens, daughters of Eve, who bast braved the hardships and dangers of a voyage to our golden shores, aud thou heroines and pioneer mothers, we greet the—thrice welcome arc ye all. Thou whom in memory were cherished —thou whom we so much wished for, who art so highly prized and cherished in every land—thou art indeed here.— And thou aged, though single maidens, thou art here too; nor wilt thou remain in single blessedness long, for thou wilt not meet with so many fair competitors to bear away the prizes from you, but will soon be heard exclaiming, Eureka! Eureka! And now, each and every one. take heed of this my Decree, and all of ye, ray Disciples, shall say at the last—We have followed thy precepts and verily, we have found cur reward. Destruction of Letters at Wash ington.—On Wednesday last seven hundred bushels, or about one million, of dead letters were destroyed, in accor dance with the usage of the Post Office Department. They were carted to Monument Square, and spread over a line of two or three hundred feet, when the match was- applied. The entire mass of combustible material was soon in a blaze, and several hours elapsed be fore the conflagration was completed; the official attendants meanwhile raking the burning fragments to facilitate op erations. The atmosphere for thou sands of feet around was filled with char red fragments. A large number of per sons witnessed the proceedings with much interest.— Washington Republic. A Remarkable Fact-— There are two young ladies at Concert Hall, says the Boston Transcript —one of immense size, 20 years of age, and weighing six hundred and thirty-four pounds; the other not larger than Tom Thumb, 32 years of age, the mother of three chil dem, and weighing only 40 pounds, each of whom, at birth, weighed six and a half pounds. Some malicious wag put some flour in the flute belonging to a member of the Museum orchestra the other night. The result was, that when they played up, the innocent fiddler on bis right sud denly changed complexion, turning very pale. His hair in fact was all at once very grey. The flute player says, ‘‘it vos vua tam mean h;>ke.” ADDRESS OF THE DEMOCRATIC STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. Fellow Citizens: —Having been en trusted by the Democratic Party of the State of California, through their elect - ore, with the management of certain gen eral interests which cannot be effective ly directed by the party at large; and being responsible, like all representa tives bodies, to those who have constitu ted us their agents, we take the oppor tunity afforded by the official returns of the recent State election, tc congratulate the Democratic Party, on the brilliant result of their effort; to report to them our action, and to communicate such facts connected with the contest as are deserving of general observation.. This is not only the privilege of ourselves, for the proper submission of our own conduct, but it is necessary to regulari ty, arid certainly requisite in the way of duty to the Democratic Public. All in formation that is acquired through po litical position, is the property of the party which confers the place. Howev er trifling it may be, it reflects a light over the track of the past which indi cates the direction of evil footsteps in the future; and when it is of the mo mentous character of certain incidents in the late campaign, it cannot be with held with safety, or suppressed without a sort of treason. When we glance backward at the condition of affairs at the opening of the late campaign, and reflect upon the man ifold obstacles that stood in the way of an efficient organization of the Party, we are obliged to pause, in the midst of our congratulations, with surprise at the victory we have obtained.. Divided by factions, distracted by feuds, depressed by defections, perplexed by intrigues, barren of means, and denied of resource, by the secession of many of those who absorbed the fountain of State patron age, we were required to bring our for ces into the field against an enemy uni ted in feeling, compact through disci pline, overflowing with supplies, and boastful in their confidence of success. This promised us no easy task, even if combined ourselves; but deprived of our natural reliances, and shortened of the sinews of our strength, the prospect be came a gloomy one indeed. But when we found the local currents of supply dried up, we made our next appeal to the stipendaries of the nation al purse, who owed their offices and in gots to the permission of the party in this State, We had a peculiar right to look in that direction for relief. We had responded to the appeal of the first national election in our history by four electoral votes, and we felt entitled to expect, that the influence and aid of the General Administration would be cheer fully reciprocated by its agents here, in fair requital for that profound pledge of our devotion. We invoked the aid therefore of those who held appointments under the Gov ernment at Washington; but, except iu a few honorable instances, our hopes were vain. Indeed, a simple failure of duty was not the ouly injury we suffer ed in some quarters; several officials re strained their subordinates from action, and the Democratic Collector of the port of San Francisco, choosing the ex treme in dangerous example, withdrew from our committee, of which he had been Treasure, 6y the following letter, at the most critical period of our labors: “Sax Francisco, Cal Aug. 3,1853. “My Dear Sir: You will oblige me by stating to the Democratic State Cen tral Committe, of which you are Presi dent, that I must decline to act as the Treasurer of the Committee, and will thank them to nominate some one from San Joaquin county, to act in my place upon the Committee, as I shall not have leisure to devote as much time and at tention to its duties as the Democracy of San Joaquin might desire. Vcry respectfully, your ob’t serv’t, RICH’D P. HAMMOND. “David C. Broderick, Esq., “President State Ce. tral Committee.” The Committee of course could not misunderstand the object of this letter; but they were not so deficient in experi ence, or regardless of the safety of affaire as to publish it at such a time. They therefore laid it on the table, and paying no regard to its purpose, despatched the Finance Committee to the writer df it, and to the other heads of department in the Custom House, for subscriptions to carry on the war. But all aid was in effect refused. Some inspectors, indeed faithful among the faithless, forwarded WHOLE NO. es us the sum of six hundred and serentp five dollars , but the donation was sent back, not as a reproach to those who of fered it, but because we felt that a de partment which fattens on a patronage of hundreds of thousands of dollars, was not entitled to purchase the claim of having aided the party at such a pitiful price. We were now, however, no longer in the dark. The letter of the Collector, the lukewarmness of his dependents, the recusancy of high Judges, the apostacy of several of our public speakers, who, from managers of a schism became open leaders of the enemy, convinced v« that we could place no reliance upon these natural pillars of a political cause; and now that both State and National sup port were gqpe, our last resource must be to appeal to the Democratic integrity of the masses of the patry to retrieve the chaos,sustain our principles, & reconstruct the Democratic fabric of the State with out their aid. We found ouselvcsin au anomalous condition; a strange infatua tion, or epidemic rather, seemed to have seized upon incumbents of high place, and the unwholesome fever caused them for the time, to lose all view of party welfare, all sense of moral obligation, for the accomplishment of certain ends un seen. Fortunately, the plague did not reach the People. It had a touch of corruption in it which exhibited an affin ity only for vitiated systems, and to its virus, the healthy body of the unspecu lating Democracy, despite of all effort* at inoculation, was not amenable. Wo | easily came to the conclusion, therefore, that we could do without the inflated. Their aid was not required; nay, it was necessary for the general Democratic health that they should take political quarantine, or at least remove their con tagions presence from our ranks. We were aware, however, that when we relenquished all demand on them for help, that each of the scccders would not fail to perceive that their political existence became identified with the success of the Whig party, and that if Governor Bigler and the ticket nomi nated at the Benicia Convention were elected, while they stood aloof, the Democratic party would virtually de clare them an incumbrance; nay, would have a right to require their removal, — We .were not astonished, when we found these malcontents lu4fe ing about the enemy’s camp, or when we detected them in anonymously lev elling the slanders of the quasi-neutral press, or surprised even to behold the boldest of them, scaling their rostrums, to lend their mouths without reserve, to the opposing faction. Such always was the course of mutiny; and it required but a small knowledge of the pbilosojdiy of human nature to inform us that tho disaffected cannot long remain idle that interested men must nccessarilvjbe feat what they will not uphold. **- We therefore knew our battle; and after providing against surprise by the dissemination of warning, we threw our selves boldly upon the generosity of the masses of the true Democracy for tbo material aid which Lad been reftiseAdyf State politicians and recipients of eminent patronage. On this occasion, and in this quarter we were not disap pointed. Alarmed for the safety of party organization—that wall of our faith and means of its efficiency—the working and steadfast Democracy ral* lied in all quarters, contributed in many cases freely of their means, and rapidly assumed a discipline that could not have been inspired by anything short of the vital period of the party . A peculiar spectacle was at this mo ment presented throughout the State.— The two great parly Conventions had made their nominations; the din of prep arations among the masses was heard from the eastern boundaries to the Pa cific shore, and among the busy captains of what Providence had destined as the loosing cause, figured the deserters from our camp, distilling venom, dropping mischief, superintending danger, and flattering themselves with the anticipat ed luxury of rain, because at the Beni cia Convention they had failed to rule. It was indeed a singular spectacle, and to the conspirators who eavesdrop ped and plotted for its presentation, it may be added—it was a roost disgrace ful one. No pretence was made by these deserters that the Democratic cause, as represented by the nominations at Benicia, bad been violated in princU pic; no complaint that the platform had been invaded at any of its points; they simply had not succeeded in their per sonal designs, and they consequently held no better position in their secession than do disappointed ga rosters, who.