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Columbia gazette. [volume] (Columbia, Tuolumne County, Calif.) 1852-1855, November 26, 1853, Image 2

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failing to succeed in introducing a false
hand, overturn the tables and curse all
the honest company.
Truly it was a base revolt; and it is a
melancholy thing that it was reserved
as the hard fortune of California, to
present, such a demoralizing picture to
the world. Secessions on principle may
often be approved of, and revolutions
for cause are entitled to the respect of
mankind, but when sedition is fomented
merely for a loss of spoil, and warfare
instituted because of a failure to control,
it demonstrates nothing loftier than a
buccaneering spirit, and insults the en
tire community, by presupposing tolera
tion for a project which would degrade
the moral character of any State where
it was permitted to succeed.
Such, doubtless, was the impression
which this sordid and covefuous cabal
made upon the masses of the party.—
They had heard no protest from it of
any infringement of doctrine I}' the
Convention; they had seen no proof of
any unworthiness in the candidates pre
sented for their suffrages; on the contra
ry those candidates had beeu well tried,
and were wall approved for honesty and
faithfulness: what was still more to the
purpose, they were the bearers of the
Democratic standard, and the faith and
sacred honor of the Democracy of the
State forbade them to see that standard
trailed in defeat, and abased before their
enemies. Despite, then, of the appeals
of the league, despite of iutex-ested
clamor, of whispering int rigue, of bound
less falsehood and brutal defamation,
the true Democracy bore that banner
over all opposing force, and along with
the prostrated legions of their natural
foe, the unlucky traitors who had made
cause with them, lay shattered and hu
miliated in the dust. So be it.
It becomes proper at this point to per
form one of the prominent duties of
this Address, by presenting the details
of the contest, in order that all may re
flect wisely on its features, and by com
parison, well weighed with circumstance,
understand the philosophy of the strug
gle, and knew the true political posi
tion of the Democratic party in the
For Govtrncr. —John Bigler 38,940
Win. Waldo 37454
Lieut. Governor .—Samuel Purdy 44,498
Henry Euo 32,96 S
Comptroller. —Samuel Bell 41;fe43
Hilbert E. Winters 34,912
Treasurer.— S A. McMeans 4 1,465
Samuel Knight 35,250
Sup't Public Instruction. —
Paul K .Hubbs 41,553
Sherman Day 35,465
Attorney Gineral. —John R.
McConnell 40,729
D v . R. Newell 34,899
Surveyor General. —S. H. Mar
lette. 42,100
S. E. Woodsworth 34,C3g
Jftve of Supreme Court. —
, der W ells 41,881
Tod 11 tbinson 34,212.
Precincts thrown out.—Biirler, 186;
Waldo, 68.
Total Majorities, 53,187. Average
majority on State Ticket, 6,648,
It will be perceived that there are
great contrasts in this table, and such as,
without proper study, might seem to in
diczUo an inequality of popularity or
puWc approval, as apportioned to the
Bat it was upon this poor
the account that the entire
genius vigor of the scceders were
directed. Incapable of affecting the
general decision, they could only per
turb the balances of its expression, and
from the lofty aim of defeating a great
cayOyhey were forced to descend to
consolation of wounding the
feelings of an individual. The heat of
their warfare and the strength of their
malice were directed against Governor
Bigler, alone. Before the end of the
contest, they perceived that the nomina
tions of the Convention were destined to
be approved, and desperate with failure,
they united their venom, to inflict at
least a bite, upon the high officer, who
was fast passing beyond their reach, and
whose just guardianship of the incomes
and honors of the State, Lad been the
chief obstacle to their aims. The fiat
of revenge and havoc was then sent forth
from the head quarters of the cabal in
San Francisco; new presses were enlist
ed to defame him both as an officer and
as a man; the ready bile of old enemies
was prodigally replenished; the very at
mosphere teemed with rabid but point
loss spite; throughout the State, direc
tions were disseminated that the edge of
the battle was to be waged between
W aldo and Bigler: and to give this a
perverse effect, independent tickets
were concocted in various quarters, not
one of which contained Governor Big
ler’s name. Finally, certain of the sub
ordinate candidates were named as a
vailable to receive the votes of the other
side, in the projected swapping off a
gwust the leader of our ticket. It did
tae gentlemen who received this over
plus, however, no mere credit than it re
flected upon Governor Iliglor who was
to be the object of its reverse insinua
tion. The average majority of 6,648
was as much the property of bis popu
larity as of the candidates whose votes
reached by thousands into the suffrages
of the other side. Independent, how
ever, of all the unprincipled means and
disgraceful influences used against him,
Governor Bigler was triumphantly re-'
turned to the station which for two years,
he had, iu th 3 opinion of the State, so
faithfully and honorably filled, by a ma
jority of more than 1000 greater than at
his previous election. A proud appro
val for him and his friends to point to,
and a crushing rebuke to those who had
contrived against him.
It would be natural, perhaps, to en
quire at this point, the cause of this
foaming hatred, this acrid and unstinted
malevolence, this apparent frenzy of re
venge against Governor Bigler, in par
ticular; but we are spared the investiga
tion by the fact, that those who waged
it were disappointed seekers after profit,
and by the inference which their defeat,
at his bands, affords.
But it is needless to enlarge upon
the extraordinary nature of the struggle
or to dwell upon the more than brilliant
character of the result. Embarrassed
and crippled as we were at the outset,
the issue takes the shape of the miracu
lous, and in our gratitude for its bene
fits we are more disposed to ascribe it to
the band of Providence, put forth to
protect our favored State from too early
a disgrace, than to any especial efforts
or merit of our own.
It now only remains to say a few
words as to the position of the misguided
men who stood aloof from the contest,
or who joined the ranks of the enemy
and sought to mar it to onr hands. In
the course of our remarks we have spo
ken of them all, by the term of the secetl
crs } but though we insist upon the ap
plicability of this term, as well to those
who stood merely neutral as to the ac
tive traitors of the fight, there is a dis
crimination to he made between them
which cannot be passed by with justice.
We de sire to make this discrimina
tion in favor of those who exhibited the
bold demeanor and manly courage to
openly enlist against us; and, while we
can conceive the possibility that some of
them may have been actuated by a mis
taken belief that they were right, wo
can only ascribe the lowest motives and
meanest instincts to those who fought
in the dark, evaded our Appeals, eaves
dropped on our councils, and served the
enemy, not as soldiers, hut as spies. But
while we draw this distinction for a mor
al purpose, we must assign to both, the
same amount of apostacy. There are
no degrees in desertion. There can be
no neutrality on the field of. battle.-r-
More especially are those soldiers hound
who have received an advance of pay,
and we need only to refer to history for
evidence that “mercenaries” and “fee
companions,” of all sorts, who have at
tempted a neutrality by standing idle in
the hour of conflict, or by marching to
the other side, have invariably been
hung when the battle was over. In
politics there are two ways to exhibit
adhesion. One is by contrihuiting sup
plies; the other by giving personal ser
vice. When either of these is withheld
by those who owe them, it must he ta
ken as a withdrawal from the cause.—
Party organization can tolerate no in
terrupted alleigance—no shifting policy.
It depends for its existence on continu
ous service. It must be maintained un
broken under all circumstances, for the
sake nf the principles it conserves, and
that view, it becomes as sacred as
principle itself. The man who abandons
guard takes part with the invador, and
ha who, with means to spare, suffers a
garrison to capitulate for want of food,
cannot expect an invitation to their board
when they possess abundance.
We have no reflections to add, and
we cheerfully return to the congratula
tions with which we set out.
The first privilege of victory is to re
joice over success; the profoundest plea
sure of patriotism is to reward the cham
pions of the fight; and the best service
to the steadfast, is to expel the unwor
thy and to brand the deserter. The
former of those instincts we share in
common with you all; but the grand
powers of Reward and Punishment re
side in the common sense of the Demo
cratic masses, and to their intelligence
and unwavering justice the entire sub
ject may with safety be committed,
David C. Broderick, John Mid
dleton, David Mahoney, J. W.
Swearsey, Moses E. Flanagan, F.
P. Tracy, J. H. McKune, J. W.
Hall, J. W. Colby.
David C. Broderick, President.
F.P. Tract, Secretary.
Ojjict of the Slate Board nf Miniv"
JVdler Companies.
Sacramento, Oct. 29, 1853.
As the address of many of the Water
Companies is unknown to the officers of
the Biard, those Companies who have
not received its Circulars, and who wish
to co-operate with it, will please send in
their address, care of D. O. Mills, Esq.,
when copies of the Circulars and Peti
tion adopted by the Board, will be for
warded to them.
SATURDAY, NOV. 26, 1853.
Removal. —We have removed to our
new Office, —next door West of the
Court Room, on Washington street.
Notice. —Messrs. Duchow & Yancey
are authorised and empowered to collect
and receipt for all claims due the Gazette
Office, for subscriptions, advertisements
and job work. All the business of the
office has been placed iu their hands, and
they will fill all contracts entered in
by me.
Nov. 12, 1853.
f®“The mail for the Atlantic States
and Europe, will close, iu Columbia, <n
Sunday morning, Nov. 27th, at 10 o’-
The Gazette in wrappers, for making,
can be had at this office, and at the Post
The Democratic Statl: Central
Committee’s Address. —As wo are
desirous of keeping our readers posted
up iu everything ofimportance, eraanat
ing from head-quarters, we have pub
lished this Address, in another column.
But at the same time, we must express
our regret that the document has been
published. At a time, too, when all
heartburnings and ill-feelings should be
buried, and the Democratic party pre
sent an undivided front, and should press
forward, strong in unity of action.
We hold no sympathy with bolters,
let them be who they may; and still less
with those who seek to foment dissen
tion and strife in our ranks. We hailed
with joy the nomination of Jyhu Bigler.
—for he was our first and only choice, —
and we used our humble efforts to the
utmost, to secure his election; believing
that it was due to him, and for the good
of our State, that he should again be
placed in the gubernatorial chair of State.
Yet, notwithstanding all this, we would
not, —and we believe no man has a right
to, —pass a sentence of excommunica
tion upon any person who may have
honestly expressed preference for other
distinguished men of his party, or fallen
into an error, against which all arc not
We have not space to persue this
subject, but cannot refrain from again
expressing our regret at the publication
of this bitter, and in some features, —
uncalled for proclamation; and warn the
people to take no part in these dissen
tions, and to frown down every thing
which has a tendency to division and
discord in the party.
We refer our readers to Gov.
Bigler’s letter addressed to our rep
resentative, Hon. M. S. Latham. It is
an able and patriotic paper,—just what
wc would have expected from our wor
thy Governor, —and we hope its sugges
tions will be carried out, to the letter.
M&T By reference to our advertising
columns, our readers will perceive that
Mr. D. F. Boley, of the Backus Min
strels proposes to open a Dancing
School, in Columbia. We have no doubt
that a large class will be formed, as ev
ery one should become acquainted with
this healthy and popular amusement.
fT?- The Sonora Herald comes to us
enlarged and improved. We are glad to
preceive this evidence of its prosperity.
4®" VVells, Fargo & Co’s Express,
has placed us under many obligations
during the past week, in the delivery of
our exchanges, State papers, Oregon pa
pers, correspondence, and everything
new in the shape of a newspaper that our
friend Daegener could get hold of. To
him and “Chips,” also, are our thanks
due for the prompt forwarding of our
printing paper.
I®* The rains of the season have
commenced in good earnest, and we must
now prepare for rain, mud, clouds and
sunshine. On Thursday night, a high
wind commenoed blowing, continuing
until Friday morning, when a heavy rain
set in, which continued to fall, without
intermission, until this morning; and
from present appearances, the end is not
thanksgiving ball!
The Ball, given by the gentlemen of
the Hook & Ladder Company, came
off, on Thursday evening, at the Ex
change Ball room; and we understand,
was a brilliant affair. The ball room wjs
magnificently decorated and illuminated;
and furnished additional evidence of the
good ta'ate and liberality of Col. Thos.
Cazneau; in fact, in this instance,he has
even surpassed himself. About sixty
couples were present, and the room was
crowded with the beauty and dile of the
country, for miles around; and all ap
peared to enjoy themselves to th« ut
most. The dancing was lively, although
somewhat cramped by tho crowded
state of the room, and the music en
. About one o’clock supper was an
nounced. Every thing that the market
afforded was on the tables, and reflected
great credit upon the caterer, Mr.
Joseph Whitman. In the center was a
beautiful temple, in confectionary, the
base of which, represented the ballroom,
in relief; and taken altogether was the
most superb ornament of the kind, we
ever saw.
After supper, the dance was resumed,
and continued until daylight streaked
the eastern sky, and informed the party
that another thanksgiving had passed a
way, and that a rainy day had been ush
ered into existence.
Mi nino. —The miners in this vicini
ty, a r c now in fine sphits, as tho rain
comes pouring down, and tho prospect
of a pi* ntiful supply of the necessary cl
ement appears certain. We understand
that the water in the *Tuolumne County
Water Company’s ditches, had increas
ed, last week,a ten or twelve tom stream,
and from the heavy rain of yesterday
and last night, it must have increased
as much more. In a week, if the rain
continues, the ditches will be Billed, and
the miners can then have an ample sup
ply of water.
We may expect to hear of heavy
strikes, and many big lumps being taken
out this wiuter, as there have already
been some fine specimens brought to
light. We learn that ou tho claim ad
joining Dr. Windlcr’s, a piece was taken
out on Thursday, about two feet from
the surface, which was worth about
S4OO. The parties bad only commenc
ed washing that morning.
On every side, we see evidences of
brisk and .lively times, the ensuing sea
son. The miners are building neat and
substantial cabins on every bill side;
much more comfortable than the log cab
ins and canvass tents of ’49. Ou the
hill side, along the road leading into
town, a miniature village is already
springing up.
CP* To a certain gentleman and Ills
accomplished lady, we have to express
our gratitude for a number of the deli
cacies of this life. Such kindness will
always be remumbered.
Backus’s Minstrels.— This favorite
Company will favor our citizens with an
other of their amusing entertainments,
on Sunday, (to-morrow) evening, at the
Theater. Old Ephraim will be present
in all his comicalities and side-splitting
performances, and as it is his benefit
night, we may expect a few extras.
By their gentlemanly deportment, and
genuine talent as exhibitors of the amus
ing phases of Etheopian character, they
have formed many friendships, and se
cured many admirers, in Columbia.
We hope they will have as they deserve,
a crowded house.
Onr thanks are due to A. A.
Hunnewell, Esq., for an armful of State
papers, and pictorials. Also, for copies
of the Miners Progress, and Chips of the
Old Block. The latter is the most
amusing work in the country; readers
try it.
IfirWo are indebted to Adans &
Co’s Express, through the politeness of
0, J. Brown, Esq., for pictorials, and
the first delivery of State papers, by the
Golden Gate, on Saturday last. Also,
for the prompt delivery of letters &c.
Charley is a modd ageat, and in his en
deavors to serve the public is always
The following letter was addressed by
Gov. Bigler*to the Hon. M. S. Latham,
a day or two previous to his departure
for the Atlantic States. It will be road
with interestby our readers, as it contains
Gov. Bigler’s views of several important
prominent topics:
Benicia, Oct. 12th, 1853.
Hon. M. S. Latham,
Dear Sir :—Before your departure
for Washington city, you requested me
to write you as often as official engage
ments would afford me time, and to
make suggestions in relation to the ('ou
gressional action necessary to promote
the interests of the people of (’alifornia.
During our last interview, you wiil
doubtless remember that I explained to
you, as fully as it was possible for me to
do in the absence of official papers, the
grounds on which I relied for a prompt
assumption on the part ef the General
Government, of the war debt of this
State, incurred during the years 1850
and 1851, in defending her citizens
against Indian aggressions.
I then directed your attention to the
important fact that the General Govern
ment had failed to extend the protect ion
guaranteed by the Constitution of the
United States, and that, the officer in
command on the Pacific coast had, in
reply to n demand made for troops, no
tified the executive of the State of his
inability to furnish the force required
for the defence of the different points as
sailed. Cotigress has, as you wiil see
by examination, heretofore by act or
joint resolution assumed every just claim
of this character presented by a sover
eign State. In the case of Texas, one
of the conditions precedent t* her an
nexation, was the assumption by the
General Government, of her en'ire pub
lic debt. AN e, however, only ask Con
gress to assume a debt, the incurring of
which would not have been necessary if
the General Government bad faithfully
complied with the requi-eme- ts of tin;
Constitution, and protected her people
against the aggressions of the hostile In
A few days before the close of the
last session of the Legislature, I trans
mitted to that body important informa
tion in -relation to the civil fund. 'J ho
message and accompanying papers were
referred to a select committee, and a re
port made, I believe, on the day of ad
journment. 1 his claim, though before
presented and considered, I trust will
again be urged upon the attention o'
Congress, The people of Calfomia have
a great and common interest in these
claims; they regard them as just and
meritorious, and now, that the national
coffers are full to overflowing, confidcn
ly expect that they will receive the fa
vorable consideration of Congress 1
will only add, in connection with this
topic, that at an early day, I will for
ward all (he information in my posses
sion, relative to these claims, to our del
egation in Congress.
You wiil remember that at the com
mencement of the last session of the
Legislature, I recommended the passage
ol a law prr viding for (he extension id l?i •
water front of the city of San Francisco
and I deem it proper now to inform you
that at the opening of the approaching
i session I intend to renew that recom
mendation. When my message was
transmitted to the last legislature, I be
lieved as I still believe, that the propos
ed extension would result in benefit, and
not in injury to the harbor, though gen
tlemen of intelligence differed with me
in opinion, and it was only after careful
examination that I determined to recom
mend the measure to the attention of
the Legislature. I then believed that
from the sale of the water property of,
the State within the present water front
and the proposed extension, a sum would
be realized more than sufficient to pay
the entire civil of the State, 1 his
conviction and the sincere desire which
I have always cherished to lesseu_ the
burthens of taxation, which the people
have so patiently borne, decided me to
recommend the extension of the water
front of the city of San Francisco. Ar
guments in favor of extension which
could not have easily been anticipated
time and observation have brought to
The owners of lots within the present
waterfront of San Francisco, arc dailv ,
engaged in filling them up with earth •
obtained from the bills within the city.
This earth before it becomes sufficiently
compact to resist the action of the water
is carried out in great quantities by the
ebb-tide and has already formed a lodg
ment to a considerable depth, along the
side and at the ends of the wharves. To
preserve the harbor from obstructions of
this character, preliminary surveys and
improvements, under the direction ol
Congress; are believed to be indispensa
bly necessary, whether the city front he
extended or not.
But the extension will be authorized,
and I believe is necessary, before the
commencement of such work as may be
decided upon as the best for the protec
tion of the Harbor. Let me hope, there
fore, that you will not fail to bring this
subject to the notice of Congress, at an
early day. With due effort, I have no
doubt that Congress will graut an appro
priation suficieut to procure a careful sur
vey of the harbor by competent officers,
and at las*t the commencement of the im
provement, which may be deemed ne
cessary to render it entirely safe, as it is
now sufficiently commodious to accom
modate the fleets of the world, and com
mensurate with the wants and interests
of that vast commerce of which San
brancisco is destined at no distant day
to be the emporium aud centre. It has
been suggested by some, that the pro
ceeds of the sale of the extension pro
perty should be expended in securing
and improving the harbor, but I do not
tiiiuk so. I look to Congress'for this
improvement; and confidently expect
that the General Government will nut
be less liberal in its legislation for Cali
fornia, than it has been. to the other
States of the American Union.
The Congress of the United States
has h tc o ore, made large appropriations
for the improvement of other and less
.important harbors, and law* for “tho
improvement of Hive s aud Harbors”
have repeatedly received the snneti >n of
that body and the approval of thy Pres
1 he Bay of San Francisco, from its
position and capacity, must necessarily
be of more importance to the commerce
of the world than any other within onr
confederacy. Ihe construction of tho
Pacilc and A dan ic Railroad—tho an
nexation of Mexico, Cuba and the Sand
wich islands-—tho establishment of regu
lar Oceanic communication by steam
between California, Asia and the Indies
are among the not improbable events of
a speedy future, which already foretell
the promised greatness of San Francisco.
Place within the Ilorhor of San Francis
co the commerce, which the realization
of these events will crowd upon us, and
then a*k whether Congress should not
lu reafter adopt a more liberal policy to
ward tho State of California.
The attitude which Congress has hith
erto been pleased to a-sumc towards us,
I can ascribe to nothing but a failure ou
the part of the Representallies from
other States to form a just conception of
the resources and aeces.'»’iest>f this State.
But the light is fast dawning upon them,
and as we obtain more extended facili
ties for a speedy commutiica'ton with
the people of the Atlantic States, it is
hoped and b-dieved that they will awa
ken to a more just sense of the immense
importance of liberal legislation for the
1 Pacific country.
I would also suggest that the Delegx
j tion can render the people of ,* 'alifornia
aud essential service, by inducing • 'en
gross to appropriate liberally for the sm
provemeut of the Sacramento and >'an
j Joaquin Rivers, to the highest p »rts of
entry, which arc within the influence of
the ebb and flood tides. Ti c naviga
tion of the Sacramento can be greatly
improved, by the expenditure of a com
paratively small sum, in removing tho
bar at the month of Cache creek, known
as “Hog’s Back,’’ and inking the chan
nel through the slough m >re dir* rt.
To render tho navigation of the Saa
Joaquin easy and safe, it will owy bo
necessary to improve the channel for tho
u stance of tvve ty-five or thirty miles,
which is now so crooked as to make nav
igation difficult, if not dangerous. To
consumate the improvements necessary
on both these great rive is, and to re
move every obstacle to the safe and easy
na\ igation by steamers of the largest
class, at all seasons of the year, would
require tho expen litnre of but a few
hundred thousand dollars.
J o obtain the legislation now actually
accessary upon these important subjects,
will require uncca-ing aud well directed
I need hardly here refer to the confi
dence wit!; which we look to our delega
tion in Congress for united an 1 conus
tent effort in favor of every enterprise to
whi -!i their energies maybe directed,
calculated to foster and advance tho
mani'old interests of this young State.
ith my best wishes for your ontin
uad health and prosperity and yuor en
tire success in the councils to which you
have been ca led by the voice of tho peo
ple of California.
I have the honor to be,
ur J’ respectfully, your ol’t serr’t.
P* Inasmuch as my time i* at
present, much occupied, I will not bo
:»Ve, as I had intended, to write to tho
other members of the delegation.' You
will, therefore, please present this to
t icm, m lieu ot a coiumunioa
tion tu each. * J. B
From Oregon and Washington
TaßßiTOßits.—The emigrants who turn
ed off by the new Southern route, have
succeeded in reaching the settlements iu
a suffering condition. The Indians iu
Illinois valley had been troublesome hut
a detachment of U. S. Troops quictci{
them by firing on them and killing eight
of their number. Two of the troops
were killed. Ihe news, gcnorallv, U

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