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VOL. 2.— NO. 4.
POETRY. I'or the Columbia Gazelle. LONG AGO. Dedicated lo the “Backus minstrels,’’’ Columbia , Cal. BV U. MILLER. Long ago I was a boy. With towy hair and white, In catching little fish and frogs, I us’d to take delight; I’d stand beside the ripling brook, And from its little pools, I’d fish away the live-long day. Like other little fools. My parents sometimes us’d to scold, That I had gone away. And never seem’d to think that so Themselves were wont to play; ■Put childhood’s ways are much t e same, As all good- people know, And scarcely differ now from what They were so long ago. M c liv’d far off in -eastern lands, Amid the forests wild, And in a dark log cabin too, When I was but a child; 1 bad no hat nor shoes to wear, In winter’s chilling snow, Oh lord ! how cold my toes would bo, In times so long ago. My mother, oh ! I love to dwell Upon her gentle ways, And think how kind she was to me, , In childhood's techie days; For tho’ she’d often fret ands-old, - Pet chance would box my ears, I saw that this was for my good, In my maturer years. My father was a man of kind And generous feelings too, Put things that he suppose’d were wrong lie would not have me do; lie told me that 1 must be good, And just to all below, — ’Twas such advice my father gave, lu times so long ago. My father did his work alone, When I was very small, For sure he had no one on whom Ue then could make a call, lie planted corn among the stumps, lu many a crooked row, For so he had to raise his bread, In times so long ago. ’Twas many miles from our bouse, To any sort of mill, And sometimes we’d not bread enough, To scarcely make a pill; So father he would take the ‘‘grist,” And lug it thro’ the snow, To get it ground to make us bread, lu times so long aero. C O As time roll’d on our wealth increas’d, We bo’t an old brown mare, And then to see us ride about, It made the people stare; We had tto saddle for the beast, We had to ride her slow; Pijt few thou had a horse to ride, In times so long ago. My mother us'd to sit and spin, Beside her “little wheel,” And when she’d spun the spool quite full, She’d run it on the reel; And sometimes when I’d gone to bed, And slept four hours or so, I’d wake and hoar her spiuuiug on, lu times so long ago. She spun her yarn with her own bands, — Nor ever bo’t a broom, — And when she got the yarn all spuft, She wove it in the loom; She made the clothes for me to wear, From cotton, wool, or tow, — Such was the way I used to dress, In times so long ago. o o My sister—l had only one— Put she was very kind, And when I rode the old brown mare, She’d often ride behind; We’d mount the nag from off a stump — Her pace was very slow— But such we tho’t a jolly ride, In times so long ago. Oh, good old times! I love them still, — I wish they would come back, — And bring the “gals” I us’d to court, I’d give them all a “smack;’’ I’d like to pass those times again, * And have them travel slow, And not so quickly glide away, As they did long ago. Vallf.cito,Nov. 28th. Here shall tu e FREbS, The PEOPLE S RIGHTS maintain; Unawtd by Influence, And unbribed by G AIN. ’ J COLUMBIA, TUOLUMNE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1853 MISCELLANY. THE POOH LAWYER. The “Knickerbocker Magazine,* ’ some years ago, couiaiued Washington Irving’s “Early Experience of Ralph Kingwood.” This exciting story was well termed by the editor “a species of Mountjoyof the West,” for the lovers of Ralph Kingwood are scarcely less po etical than those of Mountjoy him self. Here is the first introduction to the lovely maiden who was to have so great an influence on his after life: I Lad taken my breakfast and was waiting for my horse, when, in passing up and down the piazza, I saw T a younjr girl seated near the window evidently a visitor. She was very pretty, with au burn hair and blue eyes and was dress ed in white. I had seen nothing of the kind since I had left Richmond; at that time I was too much of a boy to be struck by female beauty. She was so delicate and dainty looking, so different from the hale buxom brown girls of the woods—and then her white dress! it was so dazzling! Never was a poor youth so taken by surprise, and suddenly be witched. My heart yearned to know her, but how was Ito accost her? 1 had grown wild in the woods, and had none of the habitudes of polite life.— Had she been like Peggy Pugh, or Sally Pigman, or any other of my leath ern dressed belles of the pigeon-roost, I should have approached her without dread; nay, had she been as fair as Shurt’s daughters with their looking glass lockets, I should not have hesita ted; but that white dress, and those au burn ringlets, and blue eyes and deli cate looks, quite daunted while they fas cinated me. I don’t know what put it into my head, but I thought, all at once, I would kiss her. It would take a long acquaintance to arrive at such a boon, but 1 might seize upon it by sheer rob bery. Nobody knew me here. I would just step in and snatch a kiss, mount my horse and ride off. She would not be the worse of it: and that kiss—oh, I should die if I did not set it. 1 gave no time for thaught to cool, but entered the house and stepped light ly into the room. She was seated with her back to the door, looking out of the window, and did not hear my approach. I tapped her chair, and as she turned and looked up, I snatched as sweet a kiss as ever was stolen, and I vanished in a twinkling. The next moment I was.on horseback, galloping homeward, my very heart tingling at what I had done. After a variety of amusing adven tures, Kingwood attempts the study of law. in an obscure settlement in Ken tucky, where he delved night and dav. Ralph pursues his studies, occasionally argues at a debating society, and at length becomes quite a genius, and a favorite in the eyes of the married la dies of the village. “I call to take tea one evening with one of these ladies, when to my surprise, and some what to my confusion, I found with her the identical blue-eye beauty whom I had audaciously kissed. I was formally introduced to her, but neither of us betreyed any sign of previous ac quaintance except by blushing to the eyes. While tea was getting ready, the lady of the house went out of the room to give some directions and loft us alone. Heavens and earth, what a sit uation! I would have given all the pit tance I was worth to have been in the deepest dell in the forest- I felt the necessity of saying something in excuse for my former rudeness; I could not conjure up an idea, nor utter a word.— Every moment matters became worse. I felt at one time tempted to do as I had done when I had robbed her of the kiss —bolt from the room and take flight; but I was chained to the spot, for I real ly longed to gain her good will. At length I plucked up courage on seeing her equally confused with myself, and walking desperately up to her, I ex claimed: “I have been trying to muster up something to say, but I cannot. I feel that I am in a horrible scrape. Do have pity on me and help me out of it’” A smile dimpled about her mouth, and played among the blushes of her cheek. She looked up with a shy but arch glance of the eye, that expressed a volume of comic recollections; we both broke into a laugh, and from that mo ment all went on well. Passing the delightful description which succeeded, we proceed to the de nouncement of Ringwood’s love affair— the marriage and the settlement. “Thisvery autumn I was admitted to the bar, and a month afterwards was married. We were a young couple— she not much more than sixteen and I not quite twenty—and both almost with out a dollar in the world. The estab lishment was well suited to our circum stances; a low house with two small rooms, a bed, and a table, a half dozen chairs, a half dozen knives and forks, a half dozen spoons—every thing by the half dozen—a little delph ware, every thing in a small way; we were so poor, but then so happy. We had not been married many days when a Court was hold in a country town, about twenty-five miles distant.— It was necessary for me to go there, and put myself in the way of business—but how was I to go? I had expended all my means on our establishment, and then it was hard parting with my wife so soon after marriage. However, go I must. Money must be made, or we would soon have the wolf at our door.— I accordingly borrowed a horse, and bor rowed a little cash, and rode off from leaving my wife standing at it, and waving her hand after me, II er last look, so sweet and becoming, went to my heart. I felt as if I could go through fire and water for her I ar rived at the country town on a cool Oc tober evening. The inn was crowded, for the court was to commence on the following day. I ki>ow no one, and wondered how I, a stranger, a mere youngster, was to make way in such a crowd, and to get business. . The public room was throng ed with all the idlers in the country, who gather on such occasions. There was some drinking going forward, with a great noise and a little altercation.— Just as I entered the room, I saw a rough bully of a fellow, who was partly intoxicated, strike an old man. He came swaggering by me, and elbowed me as he passed. 1 immediately knock ed him down, and kicked him into the street. I needed no better introduc tion. In a moment I bad half a dozen rough shakes of the baud and invitations to drink, and found myself quite a per sonage in this rough assemblage. The next morning the Court opened —I took my scat among the lawyers, but felt as a mere spectator, not having any idea where business was to come fiom. la the course of the morning a man was put to the bar, charged with passing counterfeit money, and was ask ed if he was ready for trial. -lie an swered in the negative. He had been confined in a place where there were no lawyers, and lad not had an opportunity of consulting any. He was told to choose from the lawyers present, and be ready for trial on the following day. lie looked around the Court and selected me. I could not tell why be should make such a choice. I, a beardless youngster, unpracticed at the bar; per fectly unknown. I felt diffident, yet de lighted, and could have bugged, the ras cal. Before leaving the Court, be gave me one hundred dollars in a bag, as a re taining fee. I could scarcely believe my senses, it spemed like a dream. The heaviness of the foe spoke but lightly in favor of bis innocences—but that was no affair of mine. I was to be advocate, not judge or jury. I followed him to the jail, and learned from him all the particulars of the case; from thence I wont to the clerk’s office, and took min utes of the indictment. I then examin ed the law on- the subject, and prepared my brief in my room. All this occupi ed me until midnight, when I went to bed and tried to sleep. It was all in vain. Never in my life was I more wide awake, A host of thoughts an-I fancies kept rushing through my mind: the shower of gold that had so unexpectedly fallen into my lap, the idea of my poor little wife at home, that I was to aston ish her with my good fortune! But the awful responsibility I had undertaken, to speak for the first time in a strange court, the expectations the culprit had formed of my talents, all these, and a crowd of similar notions, kept whirling through my mind. I tossed about all night, fearing the morning would find me exhausted and incompetent—in a word, the day dawned on mo a misera ble fellow. I got up feverish and nervous. I walked out before breakfast, striving to collect my thoughts, and tranquilize my feelings. It was a bright morning—l bathed my forehead and my hands in a beautiful running stream, but I could not allay the fever heat that ranged within. I returned to breakfast but could not cat. A single cup of coffee formed mv repast. It was time to go to court. 1 went there with a throbbing heart. I believe if it had not been for the thoughts of my little, wife in her lonely house, I should have given back to the man his hundred dollars, and relenqnished the cause. I took my seat, looking, lam convinced, more like a culprit than the rogue I was to defend. When the time came for me to speak, my heart died within me. I rose em barrassed and dismayed, and stammered in opening my cause. I went on from had to worse, and felt as if I was going downhill. Just then the public prose cutor, a man of talents, but somewhat rough in his practice, made a sarcastic remark on something I had said. It was like an electric spark, and ran tingling through every vein in my body. In an instant my diffidence was gone. My whole spirit was in arms. I answered with promptness and bitterness, for I felt the cruelty of such an attack upon a novice in my situation. The public prosecutor made a kind of apology.— This, for a man of his redoubtable pow ers, was a vast concession. I renewed my argument with a fearful glow, car ried the cause triumphantly, and the man was acquitted. This was the making of me. Every body was curious to know who this new lawyer was, that had so suddenly risen among them, and bearded the Attorney General at the very onset. The story of my dehut at the inn on the preceding evening, when I had knocked down a bully and kicked him out of doors, for striking an old man, was circulated with favorable exageration. Even my beard less chin and juvenile countenance was in my favor, for (he people gave me far more credit than I deserved. The chance business which occurs in our Courts, came thronging upon me. I was repeatedly employed in other cau ses, and by Saturday night, when the Court closed, and I bad paid my bill at the inn, 1 found myselfwith an hundred and fifty dollars in silver, three hundred dollars in notes, and a horse that I af terwards sold for two hundred dollars more. Never did a miser gloat more on Ms pelf and with more delight. I locked the door of my room, piled the money in aheap upon the table, and walked a ronnd it—sat with my elbows upon the table, and my chin upon my hands, and gazed upon it. Was I thinking of the money? No—l was thinking of my lit tle wife and home. Another sleepless night ensued, hut what a night of golden fancies and splen did air castles. As soon as morning dawned, I was up, mounted the borrow ed horse with which I had come to Court on, and led the other which I had received as a fee. All the way I was delighting myself with the thoughts of surprise 1 had in store for my little wife; for both of us had expected nothing hut that I should spend all the money I had borrowed, and should return in debt. Our meeting was joyous as you may suppose; hut 1 played the part of an In dian hunter, who, when he returns from the chase, never for a time speaks of his success. She had prepared a snim little rustic meal for me, and while it was getting ready, I seated myself at an old fashioned desk in one corner, and began to count over my money and put it away. She came to me before I had finished, ane asked me who I had col lected money for. “For myself, to he sure,” replied I with affected coolness; “I made it at Court.” She looked at me for a moment in the face incredulously. I tried to keep my countenance and piny the Indian, but it would not do. My mus:clcs began to twitch—my feelings all at once gave way, I caught her in my arms, laughed, cried and danced about the room like a crazy man. From that time forward we never wanted money,” Barnum is the cutest humbug the world ever saw. Last week, finding-that the “Bearded H omen” did not draw, he hired a countryman to sue him for getting money under false ■pretences— the fellow averring that the said woman was a man. Barnum thereupon took the woman to the police court, brought forward a lot of certificates from physi cians who bad had a critical examina tion of her, was acquitted of course, and got the account of the whole farce, mak ing a capital advertisement of a column in length, published gratis, in all the papers. There has been as yet little or no rain in the Southern parts*of the State. Salt Lake Valley.— The following description of the soil, production, and climate, of Salt Lake Valley we find in the Evening Journal: “Agriculture is the main feature of the valley, and is the employment that almost every one engages in. No rain falls between the months of May and October, hence, in the cultivation of the soil, irrigation is made to supply its place. No scarcity of water for this purpose exists, as the snows in the mountains and deep gorges keeps up, by melting, thousands of streams, which are trained to run through the farms that lay between the mountains and the lake. 'The valley being a gradual slope from the base of the mountain to the shores of the lake, permits no un healthy stagnation of water to take place, but sends each stream, after de riving a benefit from it, to the grand and beautiful recoptable, which is nei ther freshened nor increased by the tri bute. The soil is generally light and porous, being formed from the disinte gration of feldspathic rocks, mixed with detritus of the limestone, of which the mountains are principally composed. It is also of the most fertile character, and from its porous quality absorbs water ra pidly. The advantage of irrigation is plainly seen in the appearance of the farms. It is no uncommon thing to find four crops of wheat in the same field at the same time—one having ripened is alrea dy cut and bound, another is ready for the scythe, another is ripening, while a fourth is springing from the ground.— Trees are few and rarely met as volun teers, except, upon the mountains, where may be found the pine, cedar and fir varieties, in great abundance. '1 he atmosphere is clear and inspiri ting, though chilling in the absence of the sun’s rays. The scenery is wild and broken; mountain, plain and water being taken in at a glance. Game, of almost every description, is to be found in abundance, whilst the streams yield, in large quantities, the speckled mountain trout, besides other varieties of fish. Stone for building purposes is easily obtained. Marble is also abundant. Nothing is wanted in the valley to support life and render it desirable, and when the great railroad is built, no doubt many, who do not now dream of such a thing, will find peaceful, happy homes in the valley of the Great Salt Lake. California as. Australia.—Mr. C. I. Brown, writing from Australia to the El Dorado Republican, says: “The Americans are run upon con siderably here, and they are trying to get a law to exclude them altogether from the mines. It would be the great est blessing that ever happened to the Americans, and the greatest to me if it had been put in force before I left San Francisco, I am almost ashamed to write to you under such discouraging circumstances, but I still hope against hope, that I may yet have some luck.— We cannot prospect nor even put up a tent, without paying a license of thirty shillings, (§7 50.) It is a disgrace for an American to live in this country and be run upon by a class that are inferior in every respect.” Postal. The Postmaster General is beginning to pay some attention to the wants of the people on the Pacific coast. We have already stated that an order has been issued, authorizing a sep erate mail bag to be made up in New York for the Sandwich Islands. We learn, by late advices, that the Depart ment has authorized the Postmaster here to make up a separate mail for Philaeelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and Chicago, instead of bundling them all, as heretofore, into the New York mailbags. Lnder the new arrange ment, letters for the points specified will be sent on direct to their destina tion, instead of being detained in the New York post office until the whole California mail is distributed. The danger of miscarriage in New York through the carelessness or haste of the clerks, in seperating the letters for the places mentioned from the immense mass received, will also be avoided. »So that those of our citizens writing to friends in either of the four cities, may now feel some confidence that their let ters will be delivered with despatch and certainty. Return mails for California are to be made up in seperate bags at each of the same plaees, to be sent on without being opened in New York. — This arrangement will prove a great ac • oommodation to the people on both sides [of the continent.- ■Herald. WHOLE NO. 56 THE AMAZON VALLEY, ITS INHABITANTS AND THEIR PECU LIARITIES. The following recent and original ex tract, from a diary kept by M. de Cas telnau during his voyage in America, will bo road with interest. By sound ings and hydrographic observation I have (says he in his diary,) ascertained beyond a doubt that the river Amazon is navigable for large steamers, without any obstacle, as far as Pongo de Mans criche, that is to say, a distance of more than a thousand miles from its mouth ; that its principal tributary, the TJcayie, is navigable to its junction with the Rio Tamto, (the Apuramac) 12C0 leagues from flic city of Para, and that the nav igation may be extended by means of the Pachyfea to within ten or twelve days’journey of Lima. As far as the village of Natu, (Peru,) there are al ways from five to six fathoms of water in the main stream of the Amazon, and as far as Omaguas, from ten to twelve fathoms. The happy Yaguas, who live in the forests bordering on the Amazon, have no other clothing than the long feathers of the scarlet ara ; they are a mild and peaceful race; they believe in the immortality of the soul, but they re ly on an universal pardon after death. According to their notions, God resides behind the sun. and his principal occu pation is to keep that orb in movement. They arc not polygamists, and remain faithful to the wife of their choice; and their affection for their children is such, that when they loose them they destroy everything they possess, and burn not only their house, but all that it contains —their arms and their most valuable treasures. hen a girl has reached the age of womanhood she is shut up for three months in an isolated cabin in the forest, and her mother alone is allowed to come near her. When a woman gives birth to a child, the husband en ters Lis hammock and utters the most piercing cries, whilst his suffering wife has to wait on him and to console him for his imaginary suffering. The most curious object I have found is a stone statue, weighing about 200 pounds ; it was discovered in the forest of Rio Ne gro, and according to traditions of the country, dates as far back as the times of the Amazons. Until latterly, I placed but little belief in the history of these female warriors; hut throughout the country, at Ohydos particularly, I learnt that traditions still existed of them among the Indians. The statue is of such rough workmanship that it must have been the work of a people where the arts were in their first infan cy; it is, however, of high intorcst, as being the only specimen of this nature as yet discovered in the Brazils. The figure is that of a woman ; she is seated and concealing her breast with her hands. Beneath her feet is another enitdem, often witnessed in ancient wor ships, which, if we are to adopt the tra ditions of the country, we must regard as an allegorical allusion to the Amazon, who disdains to be a woman, and treads the other sex beneath her. FROM EL DORADO. Tremendous Storm—Great De struction of Property. —Yesterday morning, says the Miners Advocate, we were visited by one of the most severe wind storms ever experienced in this re gion. Five frame tenements in Coon Hollow were blown down and a valua ble horse seriously injured. ' In this town two houses on court-house square parted with the underpinning and came to the ground. In one a family resided, who lost all their crockery and a portion of their furniture. We learn that about, fifty yards of Bradley, Berdan k Co.’s flume below town gave way, and that much more is in a perilous condition.— The damage to this species of property must necessarily be great. As soon as the wind abated the rain set in with great violence, and still continues. Snow. —Since the recent rains, the Sierra Nevada mountains have donned their winter mantle, presenting, as far as the eye can reach, a beautiful and dazzling appearance.- Cars Stopped by Grasshoppers. — The cars on the Watertown Railroad were stopped between that place and Cape Vincent, recently, by the multi tude of grasshoppers upon the track.— The rails were so thickly covered with them, and the car wheels smashed them up so beautifully between a hop and ?„ jump, that it had the effect of grease on on the rails, making the wheels revolve swiftly, while the train remained eta , tiouary. /^publican.