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Columbia gazette. [volume] (Columbia, Tuolumne County, Calif.) 1852-1855, December 17, 1853, Image 2

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•ng trade which finds its focus in Yedo.
V/ ithout counting the hundreds of small
boats and fishing smacks, between sixty
and seventy large junks daily passed up
and down the Bay, on their way to and
from Yedo.
The Japanese boatmen were tall,
handsomely formed men, with vigorous
and symmetrical bodies, and a hardy,
manly expression of countenance. As
the air grew fresher, toward evening,
they put on a sort of loose gown, with
wide, hanging sieves. As the crew of
each boat were all attired alike, the dress
appeared to be a uniform, denoting
that they were in Government service.
The most of them had blue gowns, with
white stripes on the sieves, meeting on
the shoulder, so as to form a triangle
junction, and a crest, or coat-of-arins,
upon the back. Others had gowns of
red and white stripes, with a black lo
xenage upon the back. Some wore up
on their heads a cap m ide of bamboo
splints, resembling a broad, shallow ba
sin inverted, but the greater part had
their heads bare,the top and crown shav
ed, and their hair from the back and i
sides brought up and fastened in a small |
knot, through Which a short metal pin
was thurst. The officers wore light and
beautifully lackered hats to protect them
from the sun, with a gilded coat of arms
upon the front part. In most of the
boats I noticed a tall spear, with a lack
ered sheath for the head, resembling a
numleror character, refemngto the rank
of the officer on board.
After dark watch fires began to blaze
along the shore, both from the beach and
frofn the summits of the hills, chiefly on
the western side of the bay. At the
same time we heard, at regular intervals
the sound of a deep-toned bell. It had
a very sweet, rich tone, and from the
distinctness with which its long rever
berations reached us, must have been of
a large size. A double night-watch was
established during our stay, and no offi
cers except the Purser and Surgeons
were exempt from serving. But the
nights were quiet and peaceful and it
never fell to. my lot to report a suspicious
appearance of any kind.
The next morning, Yezaimon, the
Governor of Uraga, and the highest au
thority in shore, came off attended by
two interpreters, who gave their names
as Tatsonoske and Tokoshiuro. He was
received by Commanders Buchanan and
Adams, and Lieut. Contce. He was a
noble of the second rank; his robe was
of the richest silken tissue, embroidered
with gold and silver in a pattern resem
bling peacock feathers. The object of
his coming, I believe, was to declare his
inability to act, not having the requisite
authority without instructions from Ye
do. At any rate, it was understood that
an express would be sent to the Capital
immediately, aud the Commodore gave
him until Tuesday noon to have the an
swer ready. Sunday passed over with
out any visit, but on Monday there was
an informal one.
From Tuesday until Wednesday noon
Yezaimon came off three times, remain
ing from two to three hours each time.
The result of all these conferences was,
that the Emperor had specially appoint
ed one of the Chief Counsellors of the
Empire to proceed to Uraga and receive
from Commodore Perry the letter of the
President of the United States, which
thb Commodore was allowed to land and
deliver on shore. This prompt and un
looked for concession astonished us all,
and I am convinced it was owing entire
ly to the decided stand the Commodore
took, during the early negotiations.
We had obtained in four days, without
subjecting ourselves to a single observ
ance of Japanese law, what the Russian
embassy under Resanoff failed to accom
plish in six months, after a degrading
subservience to ridiculous demands.
From what I know of the negotiations,
I must say that they were admirably con
ducted. The Japanese officials were
treated in such a polite and friendly
manner as to wiu their good will, while
not a single point to which we attached
any importance, was yielded. There
was a mixture of firmness, dignity and
fearlessness on our side, against which
their artful and dissimulating policy was
powerless. To this, and to our materi
al strength, I attribute the fact of our
reception having been so different from
that of other embassies, as almost to
make us doubt the truth of the accounts
we bad read.
From our anchorage off Uraga, we
enjoyed a charming panorama of the
Bay. It far surpassed my preconceiv
ed ideas of Japanese secenery. '1 he
western shore is bold and steep, running
here and there into lofty bluffs of light
gray rock, but the greater part of it is
covered with turf, copsewood and scat
tered groves of trees, all of the brightest
and freshest green. From Uraga to an
other and shallower bight, which makes
in nearly two miles below, the shore is
lees abrupt and shows more signs of cul
tivation. The hills behind, though not
above 500 feet in bight, are beautifully
undulating in their outlines, and dotted
with groves of pine and other trees.
From uraga to the end of the promon
tory —a distance of a mile and a quarter
—there is an almost unbroken line of
villages. The houses arc of wood, with
sharp roofs, some pointed in the Chinese
style, some square and pyramidal. A
few were painted white, but the greater
number were unpainted and weather
beaten. At least a hundred small craft,
with a number of junks, lay in the har
bor of Uraga and thence to the head
land, there were two hundred boats, ly
ing close in-shore.
I examined the fortifications frequent
ly aud carefully, through a glass, and
found that their strength had been great
ly exaggerated- Two of them appeared
to have been recently made, and on a
bluff, half inclosing the little harbor of
U raga on the east, there was another,
still in the course of construction. Be
tween this and the headland, there were
three batteries, and at the extremity one
making five in all. The embrasures
were so large that from our position a
good marksman might in a short time
have dislodged every one of their guns.
The chief post was the central battery,
near which was a village, aud several
buildings of a large size, apparently arse
nals or barracks.
Every morning and evening, when the
air was clear, we had a distinct view of
the famous volcanic peak of Fusiyamnia
rising in the western heaven, high above
the hills, and sixty miles away. In the
evenings its solitary cone, of a pale vio
let hue, was defined with great beauty
against the rosy flush of sunset, but in
the morning, when the light fell full up
on it, we could see the scars of old erup
tions, and the cold ravines of snow on
its northern side. It is the highest
mountain in Japan, and estimated to
be twelve or thirteen thousand feet
above the sea-level.
On the morning after our arrival, the
J apanese put up a false battery of black
canvass, about a hundred yards in I ngth
on tne shore south of Uraga. There
was no appearance of guns, but with a
glass I saw two or three companies of
soldiers, in scarlet uniform, riding
through the groves in the rear. In most
of the batteries they also erected canvass
screens behind the embrazurcs—with
what object it was difficult to conceive.
These diversions they repeated so often
during our stay, that at last we ceased to
regard them; but it was amusing to hear
some of our old quarter-masters now and
then gravely report to Capt. Buchanan:
‘‘Another dnngVcc fort thrown up Sir!”
On Satuday morning a surveying ex
pedition, consisting of one boat from
each ship, under the charge of Lieut.
Bent, of the Mississippi, was sent for the
purpose of sounding up the bay. The
other officers were Lieut. Guest, of the
Susquehanna, Lieut. Balch, of the Ply
mouth, and Mr. Madigan, Master of the
Saratoga. The boats carried, in addi
tion to the usual ensign, a white flag at
the bow, aud were fully manned with
armed seamen. They ran up the bay
to a distance of about four miles, and
found everywhere from thirty to forty
three fathoms of water. The recall was
then hoisted, and a singal gun fired, to
bring them back. In the afternoon they
sounded around the bight of Uraga,
keeping about a cable’s length from the
shore. They found five fathoms of wa
ter at this distance, though nearer to the
beach there were occasional reefs. Mr.
Heine, the artist, obtained a panoramic
sketch of the shore, with the batteries,
villages and other objects in detail. On
approaching the forts the soldiers at first
came out, armed with matchlocks, but as
the boats advanced nearer, they retired
within the walls. The forts were all of
very rude and imperfect construction,
and all together only mounted fourteen
guns, none of which were larger than
nine-pounders. The whole number of
soldiers seen was about four hundred, a
considerable portion of whom were arm
ed with spears. Their caps and shields
were lackered, and glittered in the sun
like polished armor. The carriages of
guns were also lackered. The embras
ures were so wide that the guns were
wholly unprotected, while they were so
stationed that the forts could be storm
ed from either side, with very little risk
to the assaulting party. The parapets
were of earth, and about twelve feet in
thickness, and the barracks in the rear
were of wood. Indeed, the whole
amount of the Japanese defences ap
peared laughable, after all the extrava
gant stories we bad heard.
Mr. Madigan approached, at one place
to within a hundred yards of the" shore.
Three official personages were standing
upon a bank of earth, when some one in
the boat raised a spy-glass to get a near
er view of them. No sooner did they
behold the glittering tube pointed at
them than they scrambled down as quick
ly as possible, and concealed themselves.
There were three boat-loads of soldiers
near the shore, who made signs to him
to keep off, but be answered them by
pointing out the way he intended to go.
Thereupon they put off and bore down
upon him so rapidly that he at first
thought they intended to run into him,
and ordered his men to trail their oars
and put caps on their carbines. The
boats stopped at once, and made no at
tempt to interfere with the cutter’s
To be continued.
SATURDAY, DEC. 17, 1853.
Removal. —-We Lave removed to our
new Office, —next door West of the
Court Room, on Washington street.
Notice. —Messrs Yancy & Roberts
are our authorized agents in Sonora, to
receive subscriptions, advertisements and
job work, and receipt for the same.
At a first glance, at the news from
President Walker’s camp, it would ap
pear that the New Republic had been
blotted from among the nations of the
earth, and that the tide of adversity had
swept the brave pioneers into oblivion,
wrapt in a winding sheet of “glory.’’—
But upon a more critical examination,
this does not appear to be the case, for
both boots are on one leg; the hull e* in
being manufactured, and expressed
through to San Diego, by a Mexican
messenger. Now, from the experience
we have had of the veracity of Mexican
proclamations in the late war with Mex
ico, we may believe everything but the
defeat of Walker, although such a posi
tion of affairs is by no means improbable.
The condition of Walker’s baud is some
thing like nus in pice-, and the Mexi
can population, instead of helping them
out, will, from their antipathy to the A
merican people, only push them further
Crowds of then are pouring into San
Francisco from every section of the
State, all eager, (for the want of some
thing better to do, or to secure a share
of the spoils) to enroll themselves in the
armies of Progression, and fight under
the broad banner of the New Republic,
—the flag of the two stars. Already
adventurers are being borne over the bil
lows of the Pacific to the scene of ac
The expeditionists, after securing a
firm foothold in Lqwcr California—which,
if not cut off before the arrival of rein
forcements, they may bo enabled to ac
complish,—will shape their course for
the laud of promise, Sonora. Whether
they will succeed in establishing a per
manent Republic in this fabled “land
of milk and honey,’’ —nous rerrons.
Division ok Tuolumne County.—
The Herald of last week contained a
letter from Dr. Ilorr, favoring tlrtj divis
ion of this County. The arguments in
its favor are plausablc enough, and if
the agricultural section wish a separa
tion, why let them have it; provided, of
course, that they hoar their proportion
of our present indebtedness.
03" We wish it distinctly understood,
that we will publish no communicali >n
whatever , without the real name of the
author. Bear this in mind, ye Poets and
Miners’ Meeting.-A Meeting of the
Miners of Columbia Mining District,
will be held at the Columbia Theater,
this evening at 7 o’clock, to take iuto
consideration the best means to be ad
opted to secure a reduction in the price
being now paid tor the use of water, and i
to attend such other business as may be
brought before the meeting. By Order
of the Miners’ Committee.
Temperance Petitions are cir
culating, to be presented to the next
Legislature, memorialising them to pass
a Prohibition Liquor Law, which shall
combine the essential principles of the
Maine Liquor Law. Persons wishing to
sign the same, can find a copy at this
I®* The Herald says, an assay office
is about to be established in Sonora.
are indebted to Adams &
Go’s. Express, for favors, during the
I®* We have received from thepnb-
Isihers a map of the new Republic of
Lower California. They deserve cred
it for the promptness of its publication.
I®* Wells, Fargo & Go’s. Express
will please accept our thanks for the de
livery of our exchanges.
Sunday School Exhibition* —The
Sunday School Exhibition of the M. E.
Qburch, on Sunday evening last, was
well attended, and every one was much
pleased with the creditable manner with
which the exercises were performed by
the scholars. They were addressed by
Rev. A. S. Gibbons and R. A Robinson
Esq. who gave them good and whole
some advice. A collection was taken
up for the benefit of the School, hut the
hat was not as heavy as it should have
Masonic —The following gentlemen
were elected officers of Columbia Lodge
No. 28, A. F. & A M., for tie coming
T. J. Oxlev, W. M. ;J. A. Jack
son, S. W.; f. C. Boswell, J. W.; J.
lleckendorn, Sec’y; Alva Farnsworth,
TVs.; F. 11. Sponsler, S. D.; F. W. N,
Aaron, J. D ; Geo. Wilson, Tyler; A.
Campbell, Marshall; J. C. Pendergrust,
Chaplain; SamT Arnold and Isaac Levy,
Temperance Meeting. —An Address
will be delivered by Rev. A. S. Gib
bons, at the M, F.. Church, tomorrow
afternoon, at 3 o’clock, under the aus
pies of the Sons of Temperance. Songs
will be sung by the Temperance Glee
Club. The public generally arc invited
to attend. Sec notice in another column.
tSP“ Caved in. —A miner, by the
name of Baker, working in the main
gulch, a short distance above our office,
was somewhat bruised by the caving iu
of an embankment, on Wednesday.
Another miner, near the same place,
ha-l a narrow escape from instant death
by the caving iu of a shaft, in which he
was at work, on Tuesday. Miners can
not careful, this wet weather, as
the earth is now completely saturated;
and working under embankments, or
drifting is exceedingly dangerous.
Valentines. —Every body wants a
valentine, of course, of some kind or
other, and every body will know where
tofiaithem if they will only subscribe
to the Gazette, and read the advertise
ment cf cur cn'erpri ing post-master,
who has the most beautiful assortment
on band, ever seen iu the mines. Rea
der, you want one, for if unmarried, you
have certainly got a sweetheart, and you
know that
Every lad is hound to shine,
Who sends h's love a Valentine!
Backus’ Minstrels — This favorite
Company will give their last perform
ance previous to their departure for San
Francisco, tomorrow evening, for the
benefit of “Duck Morgan. ’’ As this
will be the last opportunity of seeing
Old Ephraim spread himself, of listen
ing to the melodious music of Morgan,
or witnessing the antics and enjoying
the Local Raps of the company, the
tickets will go off like hot cakes. Give
Duck a bumper that will make his head
The Concert on Sunday evening last
was well attended, and the continued
applause of the audience proved how
well their efforts to please were appre
Christmas Ball. —The Ball, at
Shaw’s Flat, according to all accounts,
promises to he a leclle the best one ever
given in that flourishing camp. All the
Ball-going community in the vicinity
will be present, and we Lave no doubt
that it will be great, grand and glorious.
At a Meetjng of the Miners of
Columbia, at the Exchange, on Monday
evening, it was voted that the proceed
ings of no miners’ meeting would be con
sidered legal, unless called by order of
the Miners’ Committee.
•©“Stilt. Another.-A Grand Mas
querade Ball w ill be given at the St
Chas. Hotel, next Friday evening, Dec.
23d. Merry times, now, for the disci
ples of Terpsichore.
•QT David Maiionet, Esq., receiv
ed the nomination for State Senator, by
the Democratic County Convention of
San Francisco, to fill the vacancy occa
sioned by the resignation of Hon. Sam
uel Brannan.
is wanted of Orris
W. Robertson. See advertisement.
For the Columbia Gazette.
Mb. Editor:
Sir, — I pcc by the Sonora Her
ald of the 10th Dec., that the Editor of
that paper in his reply to the Correspon
dence X, still persists in his unwar
ranted attack upon Senator Gwin. Now
Sir,l wish to call your attention, as well
as that of every candid democrat in Cal
ifornia, to the manner and means resort
ed to, in order to sink one of Califor
nia’s most faith ful public servants, in
the esteem of the Democratic party; for
it is self evident to the most casual ob
server that the S II has no
other object in view. Now, Sir, 1 will,
by a brief allusion to the modus eper
audi, give you a little insight into the
manner by which Senator Gwin is to be
abused, and that too, so smoothly that
none but whig statements, current report,
and common rumor can be hi Id respon
sible for the fraud. It will be recollect
ed that the Sonora Herald, as well as
some other sheets, -made some i > rii sud
den and astounding discoveries, cert/
shortly after a certain c lehrated indi
vidual made a tour through this, as well
as several of the Northern and most pop
ulous Counties of the Mining Districts.
Then comes out a very modest encomi
um upon the gentleman who had just
passed through and brushed up the per !
ceptive organs of the Editors of the So
nora Herald and Culave as Chronicle,
(the last mentioned sheet had until the
period above alluded tj, been a political
nonentity,) Then a pause ensues, until
out comes the Address of the Democrat
ic State Central Committee* That was
the signal for the flatteries to op. n.
A direct thu;st i then made nt Senator
Gwin, and according to the editorial nl
the Sonora Herald, it is upon the author
ity alone of the Masterings of Whigs in
his office almost every day last summer
but when called upon personally, it was
tin n upon the authority of a Northern
Exchange. Now Mr, this was part of
the plan; for there is no doubt thit sev
eral editors of Northern Exchanges got
a little eye water, when the tourot wa,-
passing, merely to assist their vise u in
discovering lire Political Peccadillos of
Senator Gwin, or any other prominent
Democrat who might happen to stand j
in the way of a certain personage, in his
aspirations to the I nitial Stales Sena
tor-ship. Hut when the Editor of the
S I! is taken to task (us he
expresses it) for his shuttling, what then
do you suppose is his authority? Why,
coimu'ii rumor. And !;c;t let me remark
that 1 have call upon one of the gentle
men fGcu. Baldwin) to whom the Edi
tor refers, as authority to support tin
statements, with a view to fasten the stig
ma upon Gwin, and he, the re fierce in
forms us that he did hear it as common
rumor, and so common, that he did not
look upon it as having any better foun
dation, than the many groundless reports
that are in circulation before an impor
tant Election. Now sir, admit all (bat
the Editor has referred to (which in cf
feet we deny) that the Whigs Mowed
and Mastered, and claimed this or that
leading Democrat, as favoring the pre
tentions of their cand elates to office, that
some Northern Editor, either from al
larm or wilfully,reiterated the calumny,
and that rumor and current report ban
died it about, that Senator Gwin was
favoring the election of Win. Waldo,
I then say lot the gentleman and his
coadjutors, have the benefit of ali their
authority, cither separately or collective
ly. And 1 again a-dt, as we were compell
ed to ask, frequently, last fall, before the
general Mato Election, if common nt
mor or current report, founded upon the;
groundless statement of Whigs, was
either proper or sufficient evidence |
for the condemnation and abandonment '
of a faithful and well tried public ser
vant (John Bigler) by the Democratic i
party. But now, the times have ehang- ;
cd, and the gentlemen have some other j
object to attain; and an\* authority will
do him, so that he arrives at bis object, j
I will now endeavor to try the gentle
man by the rule of his own reasoning, i
It will be recollected by all wlio were
favored with,the perusal of the Sonora
Herald, during the canvass alluded to,
how strong was the condemnation visit* d
upon the heads of those who abandoned
John Bigler upon the identical authori
ty of current report and Whig misrep
resentation, and most heartily do I agree
with the Editor of the Sonora Herald,
that those deserters deserved such con
demnation. But the rule does not end
here. For I now submit it to the can
did consideration of every unbiased Dem
ocrat, whether those who arc trying to
sink and condemn Gwin, upon the testi
mony cf Whig statements, common ru
mor and current report, do not deserve
the same condemnation with those who
bolted Bigler under the same pretext,
I call it pretext, for it is evident that
both the Bigler bolters and Gwin ca
lumniuators only acted and are acting
for the subserviency of personal and po
litical speculative objects, then let an
unbiased Public decide.
Feeling Sir that I am drawing rather
hard upon your time and endulgence, 1
shall conclude by inaking what defence
I- can against the awful cutting and
slashing oftbo Editor of the Sonora Her
ald, which in his own esteem, so com
pletcly demolishes your correspondent
by accusing him of skulking behind an
X. Now sir, X feels very bad, and can
only say by way of apology, that after
mature reflection he has come to the
conclusion that it is about as safe to
skulk behind an X, with facts for ram
parts as for a groat Gun to mask behind
\N hig blustering, current report aud
common rumor. X.
Sonora, Dec. 14th, 1853.
By the arrival of the steamer South
erner, news was received from the South,
up to Dec. ICth.
By this arrival, a letter was received
by the Herald, gixing an account of a
rumored fight between the American and
Mexican forces. This accounts states
that a party of Mtxic.ns who had ob
tained a small brass cannon at Santa
T.» >ma«.watching their opportunity fired
upon a launch, on its way from the bark
Caroline, to the beach, at Encinada,
killing an American. The account goes
on to state that a few days this a
party of twenty Ame ieaii- left Encinada
for Santa'l homas, .or the purpose of
capturing a Lower California chief,
named Negrete. Upon going through a
mountain pass they were attacked by a
party of Mexicans, stationed on the side
of the mountain. The American party
at first retreated, leaving one of their
number dead on th? fioM. Rallying,
they returned to the charge; when they
were again repulsed with the loss, it is
said, often nun, and two tak< n prison
ers—the Mexicans r« maiued in posses
sion of the field. As the wiiter of the
letter, who acknowledges his deep preju
dices against the Fillibusteis, gives (his
as (he Mexican version of the affair, the
whole matter awaits confirmation, Mini
stronger proof is necessary to conviucu
the public that the statement is true.
Departure if Itcin forcemeats for Lever
('oh for uia.
Vesftrday the Rritudi b»rk Auiia,
W in. Si lam, master, cleared for Guay
mas, with forty passengers*. This morn
ing, at a quarter past one o'clock, sln»
was lowed out to sea f*om the foot of
(’lay stri ct wharf by a large steamer,—
Her decks were filled with passengers,
numbering, from the best iu'brmaiioti
wc could gather. about two hundred mol
forty young men. in stl v <5 i/.ns of »u
Franci-co. who bad t idisied under the
b:ii)ii r (T the in w l’< public, 'i 1 era
w» re. :.s we learned, thr;e eompanh ■*,
under the command of Captains (Jeoivw
K. Davidson, Win. Iv Cmtrell and D
M. < hanncey- the whole constimiing a
battalion under the command oft *ol 11.
F. Watkins, f inmrly of Marysville - -
The force was well armed with rill, s
pistols, and knivis. and had a pb-utit'«l
supply < f ammunition and provisions.—
At tiie lime of h aving, the decks oi'iii >
bark weie crowded with Kxp •■!i*ionist»,
who were loudly cheered by an almost
■ ijmd number on the vessel n-xt to
which she lay and on the wharf, hi the
excitement two of the spectators It 11 ov
erboard into the hay, but were promptly
rescued by some boats which were hang
ing around. {several of the party were
h. it behind, and two or three abandoned
the vessel a lew minutes before her de
jlm steamer fioliah, which sailed
yesterday afternoon for Pun Diego, ami
which it was anticipated would have ta
ken a portion of the reinforcements, left
with her usual complement of passen
gers and but a small proportion of them
for San Diego. Sue carricl none of the
Mxpeditionints*-— 7.Viv7(/,
Trraps for the Xeic Bepub/ir..-- It is
understood that there arc about five
hundred men in the State who have
made preparations to “emigrate'’ to
Lower California, Two hundred are to
start to-morrow if possibly, ‘I lo re could
undoubtedly be two thousand men raised
if they were needed and the means lur
ui.-bed.— 7 \hies ] *.///.
Filhhus'er. —Many inquires arc made
about the proper and otig’nal meaning
of this word. Wc find it in Pennies
Ppni.i.-h ]i« tionaiy spelt Filibuster ,
(pronounced b’i b boostare,) and the de
tiuation is “name given to freebooters
or baccanccrs, who plundered America
in the seventeenth century.V— Alta.
Murder on the Stage. —We learn.by
private information from Honolulu, that
a real tragedy took place, at one of the
theaters in that place on the night of the
loth of November. A man by the mono
of Brown, a native of Salem, Mass.,
while performing in the piece that was
being played, was run through the brdy
with a sword, hy an actress, whose mono
wc could not learn, and so seriously in
jured that he lived but a few minutes.
The First Hawaiian Guard were present
at the theater in full uniform. Wcwere
unable to ascertain any further particu
lars.— 'limes.
The Netc Banner. —The Flag adopt
ed by the Republic of Lower California
consists of three divisions—red, white
and rod, running horizontally. la the
white division are {wo stars.

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