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Columbia gazette. [volume] (Columbia, Tuolumne County, Calif.) 1852-1855, December 24, 1853, Image 1

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Mtililt (IMIfTI.
VOL. 2.—NO. 7.
Says on.’, your subjects arc too grave.
Too much morality you have —
Too much about religion;
Give me Home witch or wizard tales,
With sli 4 - ‘hod ghosts; with fiaa and scales
Or feathers like a pigeon.
I love to read, another cries,
Those monstrous fashionable lie?—
la other words, those novels,
Composed of kings.and queens,and lords,
Of border wars and Gothic hordes.
That used to live in hovels.
No—no, cries one, we've had enough
Of such confounded love-sick .-.tuff,
To craze the fair ercaUm;
Give us .some recent foreign news.
Of Russian. Turk, the Greeks and Jews,
Or «niy other nation.
Another cries. I want more fun,
A witty anecdote or turn,
A rebus or a riddle;
Soria long for missionary news,
An.l some of worldly carnal views,
Would like to hear a liitl .
Another e ies, I want to s«c
A juaM-l up variety—
Variety in all things;
A misc •il.iU ‘Mu-bodge jwidgo print
Composed only to give that hint
Of multifarious small things.
T want some marriage n>*ws, says miss, ,
It constitute? my highest bliss
To hear of wed-dings plenty;
Tor in a time of general ra n.
None suffers from a drought, ’tis plain— ■
At least not one in twenty.
1 want to hear of d aths, guys one,
Of p-ople totally undone
By losses, fire, or f-ver;
Another answers, full as wise,
I’liratber h-ar the fall and ris* 1
Of raccoon skins and beaver.
u? signify a secret wish
I’or k*w an! th**n a savo y dish
(If politics to suit them;
But here we rest at perfect esse,
]' »r flionld thev sw ar the moon was I
cheese, '
»*. e never should dispute them.
Of grave or humorous, wild or tame,
Lofty or low, Vis all the same,
I he haughty or too humble.
And ever} - editorial wight
Jlas sought to do but what is rLht,
And let the grumbler gtumble.
’] here is a star that brightly gleams,
I’alm in the sky above ; •
And throws o’er life its golden beams
Of happiness and love:
A beacon pure, whose radiance bright
No lowering cloud confines;
Ihtt, in affliction's stormy night,
With heavenly lustre shines.
There is a star whose magic power
So firmly hinds the soul,
That, e’en in joy’s most sunny hour,
Men feels its sweet control:
A glorious light, whose mystic spell,
Life, hope and joy imparts;
And calms the wild tempestuous swell
Of earth’s despairing hearts.
The star that, from its glittering sheen
Gilds life’s declining slope,
And throws o’er youth’s resplendent
The rosy tints of hope ;
The star that drives the clouds away
Though dark they frowfi, awhile ;
And ever shines with peerless ray,
Is woman’s angel smile.
A few years since, one pleasant day
in September, there arrived in Boston,
the great metropolis of New England, a
certain couple from Vermont, who came
to get peacefully joined in the “holy
bonds of matrimony.” So soon as the
happy couple were fairly escouced, the
would-be bride-groom, who was a rough,
but apparently honest specimen of the
“green mountain boys,” immediately
aent for the proprietor of the hotel, who
quickly answered his summons.
“Say, laniard,” interposed the stran
ger, who pointed to hi* modest “lady
"H;r< shill ths FEES", Ths PEOPLS'3 RIGHTS miintiii; Gamd bj IsOuence, lid tshwbtd bf GAIN.”
I love,” far in the coiner of the parlor,
i “this is my young woman. Naow we’ve
cum all the way from Vermont., and
want to he hitched. Stud for the par
sou, will ycr? want it done up, right
strait off.”
The landlord smiled and left the
room. But a snort time hud elspced,
before a licenced minister made his ap
pearance, and the obliging host and his
family, were called in to witness the
‘Naow, Mr. Tie-em-togetlier,’ said
Jonathan, ‘do it up brown, and yer
money's ready;’ and forthwith the hon
oreu functionary commenced, by order,
that our hero should joiu hands with
ids intended Jonathan stood up to his
Mushing Indy love, like a sick kitten
hugging a hot brick, seized her by the
hand, and was as much pleased as a
monkey might be supposed to* be with
two tails.
‘Von promise Mr. J ,’ said the
minister, to take this woman ’
‘Vass,’ said Jonathan, at once.
‘To be your lawful wedded wife?’
continued the parson.
‘Varus, vans.’
‘That yon will lovelier and respect
her in all things?’
‘ ill it you will el in? to her. and her
only, as long as you both shall liver’
‘Vass indeed, nothin’else!’ responded
Jonathan in the most delighted and
•■arnest manner; but here the reverend
gentleman stopped .short, much to the a
rntzcuK-nt of. all present, and more es
pecially to the annoyance of the intended
aas, J said,’ added Jonathan.
‘One moment my friend,’ replied the
minister slowly, ‘for a thought occurred
10 nre, that the law of Massachusetts
cannot permit of these ceremonies with
out the observance of a ‘publishment,’
for a particular length of time.’
‘IV ot’n thunder’s the trouble, mister?
Don't stop, put’erthru. Nothin’s split,
ch! Aint sick, mister, be ycr?’
‘I say, my friend, I have come to the
eonclnsion that you cannot be married
in Massachusetts.’
‘(’an't? Wot’n natnr’s the diffikilty?
1 like l.*r she lik»*s me, she said she did;
wut's t» bender?
‘You havn't been published sir, I
‘No I hunt agoing to be nnther! —
V t’> wot we eoni ert for, on the sly; go
ni, go on, old feller.’
‘I. really,sir,— ’ said the parson,
‘Railly! wal go ahead, ‘taint fair yon
< eo, *i aiut I swaow, vuu'vo married me,
and haint teche-1 her. Go on, don’t
ive in hero! ‘At aiut just the thing,
naow ‘taint.’
| ‘1 w ill consult— ’
‘No you won’t, no. yen doni consult
nothin’ nor nobody, till this ’ere busi
ness is concluded; naow mind I tell ye!’
said Jonathan , with resolution,and in an
instant he had turned the key in and
out of the lock, amid the I anghter of the
witnesses, who were nearly choked with
\ merriment.
‘Naow say, mister, as wo ware,’ con
tinued the "V ankee, grasping bis tremb
ling intended by the hand agiin. ‘Gro
on right straight from ware you left off.’
And here Jonathan crowded his Land
far into his pocket, and drew from it an
old poeketbook, (probably used by bis
great gran 1 father,) as an inducement
for the reverenod gentleman and con
tinued: ‘You can’t come none of this
half-way business with this child, so
put’er thro, and yer money’s road}',
naow no dodging. It’ll be all right ‘by
The parson considered a moment, and
: concluded to risk it, at sight of the well
crammed wallet, of course. He continu
i eJ: ,
j ‘Von promise— ’
I ‘Vaas,’replied Jonathan.
The parson smiled and went on: ‘You
promise, madam, to take this mau to be
your husband, lawfully?’
•Vaas, Vaas,’ said the Yankee again,
as the lady bowed."
‘That you will honor, love, and ohef
‘Them’s uni,’ said Jonathan, as the
lady bowed again.
•‘And you will cling to him, so long
as you both shall live? ‘ That's the
kind, that’s the talk!’ exclaimed Jona
than, and the lady responded with a
‘yes,’ again.
‘Then in the presence of Him on
high, and these witnesses, I pronounce
you man and wife.’
‘Hoorah, shouted Jonathan,’ at the top
of his voice, nearly leaping to the ceil
ing with joy.
‘And what God has joined together,
jet no m an pat asunder.’
‘Hoorah!’ continued Jonathan, ‘by
srolly, wot’s the price? Haow much?—
Spit it eout, don’t be afeared. You did
it jis like a look, old feller! ‘Ere’s an
jX, never mind about the change. Send
I for a homnibus, lau’lord! Give us yer
j bill? I’ve got her! She’s mine! Hail
j Golumhy, happy land!’ roared the poor
i fellow, entirely unable to control his joy,
; and ton iqjnutes more he was on his way
1 to the Lowell depot, with bis wife , the
happiest ‘man out of jail.’ —Woburn
Amlrm an State Papers. —The
London -Votes pap* the following hand
some compliment to American States
“ From the time of Alexander Ham
ilton to that of Edward Everett, the re
ports and correspondence sent out by
Congressional committees and heads of
departments, have been of such singular
merit as to fix the attention of society
in Europe, "wherever the English lan
gunuge is familiarly read. The wonder
is less to persons familiar with the struc
ture and the workings of the American
Government, than to those who know
only European wavs. The statesmen at
W aJiingion arc usually educated gen-1
tlomcn, and men of business at once —
usually professional men, who yet have
had occasion, in the course of their lives,
to do with their owii hands, much of the
real business of life, and there is noth
ing like that sort of experience, when
combined with a liberal education, for
enabling men to take and express sound
and clear views of political subjects.—
tV ebster used to say that he used to do
his business all the better for havihg ta
ken his father's horse to water, before ■
ho went to College ; and Clay boasted
of his manual toils as one of the chief
preparations of statesmanship. Chosen
from among the people, the great offi
cers of Government know how to ad
dress the popular mind—and the popu
lar mind, when dispassionate, is a mind
in America, of high order.”
William Walker. —This gentle
man, who is now President of the Re
public of Lower California, Las distin
guished himself as a politician and law
yer in this State. He was horn, we be
lieve, in Louisiana, and came to Califor
nia in 1849. In 1850, he became asso
ciate editor of the San Francisco Her
j aid, and while in that position, it will be
I remembered, was committed to prison j
: by Judge Parsons for contempt of court.!
! The affair excited general discussion at
| the time. Before the Legislature of
1 1850-1, Mr. Walker impeached Judge
j Parsons, making on the occasion, one of
i the most forensic efforts ever heard.
In 1851 and 1852 he commenced the
I practice of the law at Marysville, where
i he nourished his dreams of the indepen
| dent Republic he has at length cstab
j lished.
Mr. Walker is unobtrusive in his man
ners, remarkably slow in speech, below
the middling height, and spare in habit.
If it can ho understood, he has a bright
grey eye. — Republican.
Professor W luster —A Sad Sto
i ry.— The two surviving daughters of
j the.late Professor Webster, sailed a few
j weeks since for the Azore Islands, where
: they will spend the remainder of their
days. Their mother has just died ;
and all that remains of the family is now
blotted from the nation. These two
young ladies, born, as they supposed, to
affluence and happiness, now find t! em
selves the offsprings of adversity and ne
glect, because of the sins of their father,
and voluntarily exile themselves from
the land of their nativity. They carry
with them, to the “ far off Islands of
the sea,” the sympathies and condolence
of those who mingle their tears with the
distresses of the distressed. May these
unfortunate young ladies find, in othef
climes, that repose which their native
land denied them.
Pons or Temperance in Grass Val
ley. This Order already numbers
nearly one hundred members, with a
weekly accession of from two to six
members.' Their influence is already
felt by those engaged in the Liquor
traffic, though .their number is not yet
sufficient to make any material differ
ence in the qnart-cr drinkers. The
Snowy Mountain Division raised near
three hundred dollars on the last night
of meeting, for the support and main
tenance of the Temperance Organ , be
lieving, as stated in their report.that the
public press is the most effectual means
through which the principles of sobriety
, can be di.->scnnnmatod. —Grass Valley
1 Telegraph.
Editorial Corr&pondcnce of the AT. Y.
Tribune. }
On Monday morning the same survey
ing party was again dispatched up the
bay, followed by lac Mississippi, which
was designed to protect them and tow
them back in thj evening. Lieut.
Bent’s boat was in advance, and as he
passed the promontory of Uraga, t’nree
Japanese boats jut out to meet him
The officers in them made signs to re
turn, but he kepl'steadily on his way.
We watched the progress of our boats
with glasses, but a* the distance of four
miles, they, with the Mississippi, passed
out of sight behind the point.
Several Government boats, fully man
ned, were seen from time to time, pul
ling across the bay, in the direction of
the suveying fleet, but no prominent
movement occurred until noon. At this
time ttie distant slmVes wore so lifted by
the effect of a mirage, that we saw land
extending entirely around the head of
the bay, where previously none had been
visible. The ostein shore was remark
bly distinct, andjjjr the first time, we
observed a low, sanl promontory stretch
ing out into the baT, five or six miles to
the north of us. Near the middle of it {
rose a low moon !, on which, by the aid
of a glass, wo could di eeru a number of
soldier" clustered -around some white ob
jects, which I took to be tents. In a
short time, several hundred men were
marched down to the beach, where they
formed a line pearly.half a mile in length.
At least fifty banners, of various colors
and devices, were planted along the line.
A number of Government boats, simi'ar
to those which had visited us, were
drawn up on the peach. The greater
part of the soldiers embarked in the
boats, which put op ono after another,
and made dtrebtfy across the bay. We
siw nothing more until 4 ©clock in the
afternoon, when the Mississippi made
her appearance, at a distance of ten
miles. The headland of Uraga was
crowded with soldiers, who came out to
see her pass.
From some of the officers who were
of the party, I learned the following par
ticulars: In ascending the Bay, they
were constantly met by Government
boats, the officers in which, urged them,
by signs to return. They kept on their
course, however, until Mr. Bent endeav
ored to prove -d to the head of a deep
bay on the western coast. Here he was
met by forty-five Japanese boats, which
placed themselves in front of him, to
intercept his progress. He ordered his
men to lay on their oars and fix bayo
nets to their muskets, but this produced
no impression. As the Mississippi was
more than two miles astern, he dispatch
ed one of the boats to summon her, and
varied his course sufficiently to prevent
coming in collision with the Japanese.
The approach of the steamer soon dis
persed them.
The boats everywhere obtained deep
soundings, with a bottom of soft mud.
The furtherest point reached was ten or
twelve miles from our anchorage. The
shores were bold and steep, with moun
tains in the back-grouvl, and the bay
(to which Lieut. Bent gave the name
of Ferry’s Bay,) offers secure and com
modious anchorage. On her return, the
3lississippi came dewn the center of the
bay, finding everywhere abundance of
water. .
It had been arranged with the Japan
ese officials that the President’s letter
would be delivered on Thursday morn
ing, July 14, at the town of Gori-hama,
two miles south of Uraga.
The morning was heavy and dark be
fore sunrise, but soon afterward cleared
off brilliantly. As soon as the shore
could be distinguished, it was seen that
the principal buttery on the promontory
of Uraga had been greatly amplified and
adorned by screens of cotton canvass, in
honor of the occasion. On the hill above
among the trees, ftiere were Iwo small
forts or rather pavilions, of the same ma
terial. The canvass was streached along
a row of stakes so as to form a species of
paneleing,on which the Imperial coat-of
arms was painted, alternating with other
devices. Behind the canvass we could
see that numerous companies of soldiers
were drawn up, in different costume
from that which they usually wore.
Their arms were bare, and the body
covered with a short tunic of a dark
brown,Jblue or purple color, bouud with
a girdle at the waist.
About 8 o’clock the anchors were lift
ed, and the Susquehanna and Mississip
pi moved slowly down the bay, leaving
the Plymouth and Saratoga. Wc soon
-aw two boats bearing the Government
lag pulling abreast of us, but farther in
shore, and accompanied by four other
boats with red banners, probably contain
ing a military escort. As the bight
opened behind the pomontory, we saw a
long line of canvass walls, covered with
the Emperial crest, streachiug quite
around the head of the bight. In front
were liles of soldiers, standing motion
less on the sandy beach. A multitude
of banners of various brilliant colors
gleamed in the sun. Near the center
of the crescent formed by the troops
were planted nine tall standards—four
on one side and five on the other—from
which broad scarlet pennons hung to the
ground. In file rear of these, three
new pyramidal roofs s (Towed that a house i
had been prepared expressly for the
Commodore’s reception. On the right,
upward of fifty or sixty boats were drawn
up in a line parallel to the beach, each
having a red flag at its stern. From
the bead of the bight a narrow valley ex
tended inland between luxuriantly wood
ed hills. On the left side was a pictur
esque little town, the name of which,
the Japanese informed us, was Cori ha
ma. The place was undoubtedly cho
sen, both on account of its remoteness
from Uraga, which is a port of customs,
and the facility which it afforded to the
Japanese for the exhibition of a large
military force—a measure dictated alike
by their native caution, and the love of
display for which they are noted.
The anchor was no sooner down, than
the two Government boats sculled along
side, and Yezaimon, with the Interpre
ters, Tatsonoske and Tokoshiuro, came
on board. The second boat contained
the Deputy Governor, Saboroskc, and an
attendant officer. They were accom
modated with scats on the quarter-deck,
until all preparations for landing were
completed. They were dressed, as they
had hinted the day previous, in official
garments of rich silk brocade, bordered
with velvet. The gowns differed little
in form from those they ordinarily wore,
but were elaborately embroidered, and
displayed a greater variety of gay colors
than taste in their disposal. Saboroskc
bad a pair of short and very wide pan
taloons, resembling a petticoat with a
seam up the middle, beldW which ap
peared his bare legs and black woolen
seeks, with an effect rather comical than
otherwise. His shoulders contained
lines of ornament in gold thread. All
the officers wore their crest, or coat-of
arms, embroidered upon the back,
sleeves and breasts of their garments.
The boats of the Mississippi, Ply
mouth and Saratoga were alongside in
less than half an hour after our anchor
dropped, and preparations were made
for leaving at once. Both steamers lay
with their broadsides to the shore, and
the decks were cleared, the guns prim
ed and pointed, reatly for action, in case
of treachery. Commanders Kelly and
Lee remained on board their respective
'fillips, in order to act in case of necessi
ty. The morning was very bright and
clear, and the fifteen launches and cut
ters, containing the officers,seamen, mar
ines and bandsmen, presented a brilliant
appearance, as they clustered around
our starboard gangway. Commander
Buchanan took the lead, in his barge,
with one of the Japanese Government
boats on each side. Merrily as the oars
of our men dipped the waves it required
their utmost to keep pace with the ath
letic scullers of Japan. The other
American boats followed nearly in line,
and the van of the procession was more
than half-way to the shore when the guns
of the Susquehanna announced the Com
modore’s departure. The gleam of
arms, the picturesque mingling of blue
and white in the uniforms, and the spark
ling of the waves under the steady
strokes of oarsmen, combined to form a
splendid picture, set off as it was by the
background of rich green hills and the
long line of soldiery and banners on the
beach. All were excited by the occa
sion, and the men seemed to be as much
elated in spirits as those who had a more
prominent part in the proceeding. We
all felt, that, as being the first instance
since the expu’sion of the Portage? e
from Japan, when a foreign Ambassador
had been officially received on Japanese
soil, it was a memorable event in the
history of both countries, and that, if
not an augury of the future and complete
success of the Expedition, it was at least
» commencement more auspicious than
wc had ventured to anticipate.
An impromptu jett} r , composed of
bags of sand, had been thrown up for
the occasion, near the center of the
crescent shaped beach at the head of
the Light Oapt. Ruchanan, who had
command of the party, was the first to
leap ashore. The remaining boats
crowded rapidly in beside the jetty,
landed as many of their crews as had
been detailed for the escort on shore,
and then pulled off about fifty' yards.—
The seamen and marines were formed
into line as soon as they were landed
and presented a compact and imposing
tile along the beach. The detachment
of seamen were under the command of
Lieut. John K. Duer, of the Susque
hanna; Lieut. Charles M. Morris, of
the Mississippi; Lieut. John Matthews
of the Plymouth, and Passed Midship
man Robert W. Scott, of the Saratoga.
Including the officers, there were up
ward of 320 persons landed, while the
Japanese troops amounted, as they
themselves informed us, to five thousand.
We had 112 marines, about 120 seamen,
50 officers, and 30 or 40 musicians.—
About a hundred yards firm the beach
stood the foremost files of the Japanese,
in somewhat loose and straggling order.
Their front occupied the whole beach,
their right flank restiug upon (he village
of Gori-hama, and their left against a
steep hill, which bounded the bight on
the northern side. The greater part
were stationed behind the canvass screens
and from the numbers crowded together
in the rear, some of the officers estima
ted their force at nearer ten than five
thousand men. Those in the front rank
were armed with swords, spears and
matchlocks, and (heir uniform differed
little from the usual Japanese costume.
There were a number of horses, a breed
larger and much superior to the Chinese,
and in-the back ground we saw a body
of cavalry. On the slope of the hill
near the village, a great number of na
tives, many of whom were women, had
collected, out of curiosity to witness the
A salute was fired from the Susque
hanna, as the Commodore left, accom
panied by bis staff, Commander Adam*
and Lieut. Contce, and the men had
scarcely been formed into line before his
barge approached the shore. The oth
er officers commanding detachment*
were Commanders Buchanan and Walk
er, and Lieuts. Gillia and Taylor. The
officers composing the Commodore’s es
cort formed a double line from the jet
ty, and as he passed between them, fell
into the proper order behind him. He
was received with the customary honor*,
aud the procession immediately started
for the place of reception. A stalwart
boatswain’s mate was selected to bear
the broad pennant of the Commodore,
supported by two very tall aud powerful
negro seamen, completely armed. Re
hind these followed (wo sailor boys,
bearing the letter of the President and
the Commodore’s letter of credence, in
their sumptuous boxes, wrapped iu scar-
I let cloth. Then came the Commodore
himself, with his staff and escort of offi
cers. The marine force, a fine, athletic
body of men, commanded by M«j. Zei
|lin, with a detachment from the Missis
sippi, under Capt. Slack, led the way,
and the corps of seamen from all the
ships brought up the rear.
I The house of reception was directly
in front of the lauding, but an interve
ning screen rendered a slight detour ne
| cossary iu ord« r to reach the entrance ;
j and Major Zeilin made the most of this
circumstance, in order to display our
forces to the Japanese. There certain
ly was a marked contrast between the
regular, compact files of our men, and
their vigorous muscular figures, and the
1 straggling ranks of the mild, effemiuato
featured Japanese. In frout of the
bouse were two old brass four-pounders,
apparently of Spanish manufacture, and
on each side stood a company of soldiers
who belonged either to the Imperial
forces, or to the body guard of the Prince.
Those on the left wore a uniform some
what resembling the modern Egyptian
dress. It was of a dark gray color,
having full trowsers gathered below the
knees, a broad sash around the waist, and
a white cloth similar to a turban, bound
around the head. They were armed
with the old Tower muskets, which are
to be found in every part of the world,
with flint locks and bayonets. Those on
the right wore a different uniform, exhi
biting a mixture of dull brown and yel
low in its colors, and carried matchlocks
of an antique fashion.
Yez union and the interpreters preced
ded us, in order to show the Way. ’I be
distance f.om the jetty to the door of 1 the
bniMrng was so short, that little oppor
tunity was given me for noticing minute

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