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YOL. 3-NO. 8.
THE COLUMBIA GAZETTE Is Published every Saturday morning. I) J.G. DOCBOW i B. J. BTIILI. Office on Washington Street. TE RM S: For one year, in advance, $5 00 For six months, - 3 00 For three months, - - 1 50 Single Copies, - . 20 ADVERTISEMENTS; 10 LINES OR LESS CONSTITUTE A SQUARE First insertion, $3 00 Each subsequent insertion...... 1 50 To those who advertise regularly by the month, a reduction of 25 per cent will he made. JOB WORK OP every discription neatly and prompt ly executed at the Columbia Gazette Office. BLANKS of all kinds printed to order A GENTS, David W. Book San Francisco, j Columbia, J Harrison, “ “ A A Hanuewell. Springfield Calvin Honey. Shaw’s F1at........J. Street & Co. Sonora, .Vauney & Roberts “ Woods & Purdy. Advertisements, Subscriptions, or •corumuulcatiens left for the Columbia Gazette wifh onr agents above, will be promptly forwarded. John Duchow, Esq.,of Salem, Maes iis authorized to receive and receipt for -sal script ions to the Columbia Gazette or the Eastern States. JOHX G. SPARKS, Attorney t Counsellor at Law Having determined to make CTolam I bis tils permanent home, offers has Pro- j fessional services to the public generally, j and hopes to be able to render general ( satisfaction, from an experience of a lib- j era! practice iu the States, of ten years, and strict attention to his business. Office on Broadway, Columbia, one •doors west of the Court Room. March 11,’54-70-tf. JUSTICE’S SUMMONS. State of California, County af Tuol umne. The people of the State of California, to the Sheriff or Constable in the aforesaid County,—greeting : We command you, that you summon Matthew J. Alexander, so that he be and appear before Joseph Carly, Esq., one of the Justices of the Peace for the County aforesaid, art his office iu Colum bia, Township No 1, on the 3i’th day of December, A. D. 1854, at 9 o’elocfe, A M., to answer the complaint of John (}. Sparks, wherein $ 150 is demanded on account. Herein fail cot And in default of said appearance and answer, judgment will he given against said Matthew J. Alexander, for $l5O and cost of suit. Witness my hand at Colombia, this 12th day ef September, A. D. 1854. JOSEPH CARLY. 97-3 m Justice ef the Peace. RANCH FOR SALE. The undersigned wishes to dispose of his fine Ranch, situated near Columbia, off to tiio right of Gold Springs. Said Ranch consists of one-half interest of upwards of three hundred acres. There is a cabin on the premises. There is also good woodland, and between 30 and 40 acres is under cultivation. For particulars, apply to John G. Sparks, Esq., Columbia. JAMES BRADLEY, Columbia, Oct. 14, ’54-101— tf COLUMBIA DRUG STORE. For Sale, at the Columbia Drug Store on State street, a fed! assortment of Davos, Medicines, Patent Medi cine*, Brushes, Combs, Per ruMMtr, lie., lie. P. 8. Physicians prescriptions care fully compounded. Columbia, Dec. 24, 1853.-59-tf. "Here shall the PRESS, Ths PEOPLE'S RIGHTS maintain Una wed by Influence, And nnbribed by GAIN." COLUMBIA, TUOLUMNE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, DEC. 30, 1854. SPRINGFIELD Mining Laws. Adopted at a Mass Meeting, April 13th, 1852 ; revised, August llth, 18- 52, by a Mass Meeting ; and again re vised Dec. 22d, 1854, by a Mass Meet ing of the Miners of Springfield Mining District. Bounds of Springfield Mining District Commencing at a Spring, above and near Yancey’s Steam Saw Mills, the line running from thence, in a westerly direction, to the north side of McKen nie’s Old Store, thence to Wm. Cox & Co a Cabin, on French Gulch ; thence to a Spring, at the head of Dead Man’s Gulch; thence following said Gulch, to the Stanislaus river ; thence down the River to Horse Shoe Bend ; thence in an easterly direction, to Mormon Creek, intersecting it one hundred feet helow the Illinois House; thence up the Creek to Saw Pit Gukh ; thence cp Saw Pit Gulch to the Sullivan Creek Water Company’s Reservoir; thence in a straight line to tho Spring, the place of ■commencement. Resolved, That California is, and shall be, governed by American princi ples ; and as Congress has made no Rules & Regulations for the government of the Aiming Districts of the same, and as the State Legislature of California has provided by statute, and accorded to the Miners of the United States, the right of making all laws, rules and reg ulations, that do not conflict with the constitution and laws of California, “ In all actions respecting ‘ Mining Claims :’ ; Resolved, therefore, that we, the Min ers of Springfield Mining District, do ordain and establish the following RULES AND REGULATIONS. Article 1. A claim for joining purposes, within this district, shall not exceed one hundred feet square, to each man. Provided, that the same be not more than one hundred feet in length. Art. 2. That no man within the bounds of this District shall bold more than one workable claim. Art. 3. That each and every man within the bounds of this district shall perform actual labor upon said claim one day out of every three, or employ a sub stitute ; otherwise, such shall be for feited z Provided , that claims on dry gulches, or other places, that can be worked advantageously, only by water brought by water companies, &c., shall be good till water is brought in: Pro vided, also , that wet claims and carting claims, not workable in the rainy season, shall be good, also, without working, from the loth of November to the 15th of May, Art. 4. The bounds of claimsahall be established and defined by putting up good end substantial stakes at each corner, and recording the description of the lot in the books of the preeiact reg istry ; and by putting up one notice at <each end of a claim, signed by each person or individual of a company ; and the names of the several persons bolding such claim, shall be signed in their own band writing, in the book of registry. Art. 5. When two or more claims join together, and are worked by com panies, such companies can work any portion of snob claims as they may deem expedient, complying with art. 3. Art. 6. Disputes concerning claims shall be settled by referring the same to a Standing Committee of five, or by arbitration, or by jury. The Standing Committee shall, each member, who may arbitrate on any case, be paid two deliars for sych service. Art. 7. That the foreman of any jury, or Committee of arbitration, shall be sworn to do bis duty faithfully and impartially, by some Justice of the Peace, Notary Public, or other qualifi ed officer to do the same; Provided such officer be hereafter appointed in this mining district. And shall there after administer a like oath to each of his associates in each and every case tried; and an oath to the witnesses, who shall be offered to give evidence in such case ; under like proviso, of such qualified officer being appointed. Art. 8. That the decisions in all such cases shall be conclusive and bind ing upon the parties thereto ; and he deemed and considered final in all such cases. And either party may compel the other to come to trial, by giving a written notice to the other, of the time and place of trial, three days previous to the same. Art. 9. That costs to all such cases, (so far as they are taxed) shall be paid in the same manner as in magis trate’s courts. Art. 10. That all water claims or privileges for washing, in despnte, shall be settled according to the above min ing rules, and be considered good as long as the aparatus and furniture of tbe same are kept in good repair; Provided however, that if such claims be desert ed in the working season of carting claims for 30 days, they shall be forfeit ed. Art. 11 . That no law passed by tbe miners of Ibis district shall be consider ed retro-active. Art. 12. That in case of sickness, no miner shall forfeit his claim. Art. 13. That no person not an American citizen, or where there is a reasonable doubt of his being entitled to the privileges of an American citizen, shah be competent to act on any arbi tration, or trial by jury. Art. 14. That all companies going to great expense, in running tunnels, in order io prospect the hills, shall be en titled to two claims, each person of a company. Art. 15. That a Recorder of this mining district shall be chosen, and shall be paid 50 cents for recording the title of each mining claim. The Re corder shall have the custody of the hooks, laws, and proceedings of this mining district. Art. 16. That nil foreigners suiyeetto pay a foreign miners 1 tax, when called upon to show their license, and cannot or will not do the same, shall not be permitted to hold a claim in this min ing district; and any such claim pur porting to be held by him or them, shall be forfeited. JUBAL HARRINGTON, Pres. J. W. GLASS, Sec’y. Daguerreotype LIKENESSES! The undersigned having established himself in Columbia, would respectfully inform bis friends and the public, that he is prepared to execute in the neatest manner, and on most reasonable terms, all orders with which he may be favor ed. Having been engaged for several years in the Daguerrean business, be flatters himself that he can give the ut most-satisfaction, in taking all manner of daguerreotype likenesses. Portraits, Mining Scenes, bo. execut ed in a manner unsurpassed in the State. Daguerreotype# copied on- the most reasonable terms. C. A. BUCK. Daguerreotype Saloon corner of Broad way b Washington streets. Columbia, Sept. 16, ’54-97-tf. JOB FEINTING Neatly Ercc'rUd <it the Gazette Ojjlt*.. POXIW Y. Mr Editor :—Th« following stanza, though old, affords a fine ceauueuUry on tbe late bat tle of the “Allied Annies” and the Russians, on the heights of Alma. Perhaps you can give it a place. U. M. THE FAMOUS VICTORY It was a rammer’s evening, Old Caspar’s work was done. And he before his cottage door, Was silting in the sun; And by him sported on the green, His little grandchild Wilhelmine. She saw her b. other Pelerkin Roll something large and round, That he beside the rivulet In playing there had found; She came to see what he had found That was so light and large and round. Old Caspar took it from the boy. Who stood expectant by, And then the old man shook bis head, And heaved a nat’ral sigh, “’Tis some poor fellow’s skull,” said he, "Who fell in that great victory. “I find them in the garden, for There’s many hereabout; And often when I go to plough. The ploughshare turns them out; For many thousand men” said he, “Were slain in that great victory.” “Now tell me what twas all about,” Young Peterkin, he cries; And little Wilhelmine looked up. With wonder-waiting eyes: “Now tell us all about the war. And what they killed each other for 1” “It was the English,” Gasper cried, “That pot the French to rout. But t chut they kill'd each other for, I could not well make out. But every body said,” quoth he, “it tea* a famous victory ! “They say it was a shocking sight. After the field was won; For many thousand bodies here Lay rotting in the sun ; But things like these you know must be After a famous victory. “Great praise the Duke of Marlboro’ won And our good Prince Eugine—” “W'hy twas a very wicked thing !” Said little Wilhelmine. “Nay, nay, my little girl,” quoth he, “it wa» a famous victory “And every body praised the Duke, Who such a fight did win.” “But what good came of it at last 1” Said little Peterkin. “Why that I cannot tell,” quoth he; “it was a famous victory A New York editor, finding a cab bage seed in a letter received from a brother quill, wants to know if his cor respondent is in the habit of scratching his head while writing. Oysters. —The total value of oysters anually sold in New York is set down at between five and six millions of dol lars. Oas in Sacbamcnto. —The State Journal says that the works will be in full operation by the 16th of January. Rich Cicnibar Mines have been discovered recently at a point called Ballacitos, in the coast range of moun tains, three r.*'’;is from the San Joaquin plains, at a height of 2000 feet above the sea. _ Odd Fellows’ Library. —We are pleased to learn that tbeOdd Fellows of this city are making a move towards forming a library for the use of their members. A committee has been ap pointed to procure subscription in money and books. — Sac Statesman. A Shooting Woman. —During the present week, in Mud Springs, a char erari was repeated several evenings for the benefit of a newly married couple. The cause which induced the frequent repetition of the music, we refrain from stating—it wouldn’t be likely to be of any particular public benefit. Suffice it to say, that on Wednesday evening the patience of the female became ex hausted ; and, from the house in which she and her liege lord were domiciled, she fired a revolver twice in the direc tion of the crowd. One ball made a hole in the hat of one of the serenading party, and both balls passed through a window of the Oriental Hotel. Nobody hurt; but the Mud Springs folks say she nevertheless made a very good snot. — Miners' Advocate. JOSO&aiAHY. TVoaattoka Hears tbs Street PreacUng;. Got tiicd of New York, although it is a town of considerable consequence. Wanted to see the world; so started for the seven-by-nine State of Rhode Island, where they shingle the houses all over, outside and in, and put the windows in the roof; re they make their rail fen ces out of cobble stones; where the ducks roost on the fence, and hatch their young ones in the tops of the cherry trees; where the men look se much alike, their wives often kiss the wrong individual. (Damphool says it’s a way women have, the world over.) Went to the city of Providence, where all the men make jew elry, and all tbe women believe in spirit rapping, where they have got a bridge wider than it is long, and Macadamized on both sides: where all the plaster busts of great men have grey wigs on; where they light the gas in the middle of the afternoon; where they drive five horses tandem; where the apples grow as big as wasbtubs, and the oysters obtain the en ormous size of three cent pieces.—Went into the woods after chcsnuts; could’nt find any, but discovered a magnificent tree in the distance—rejoiced exeeding ly thereat—started for it—three quarters of a mile away; went ahead over stones, ditches, fences, briars, snakes, and stone walls, until at last I reached it, and found it was an elm, no chestnuts on it— got very mad; walked round tbe State a couple of times, and took the first train for home. Glad to sec the old place again.— Saw a big crowd in the park—inquir ed about it, and was told the’ usual Street Screechina was going on—want ed to see the fun—got a good place cm a fat Irishman’s toes. Enter Gabriel —tin horn—hole in his pantaloons— ('Bull Dogge says that if angels have wings, they are also provided with tails —hence this last item;) thought it ex tremely probable. Gabriel mounted one end of the City Hall steps, and after a preliminary overture by the faithful, resulting in four black eyes, a damaged nose, and a broken leg—the religious services commenced—(Damphool was entirely carried away by his sympathies for this last martyr, but soon discovered that the fractured member was “ purely vegetable,” as the patent medicine men say, and the injury was speedily re paired by means of a few shingle nails and a piece of clapboard.) Gabriel went in to win, but spite of the sanctity of his name and the holiness of the afore said breeches, he was not permitted a clear field. A female, with bosom un dressed in the latest fashion—petticoats (Damphool says skirtcoats) not immac ulate ; stockings, through the texture of which her delicate ankles were plain ly visible to the naked eye—whose hair resembled molasses candy, while a nose symmetrical and overgrown sweet potato, and in hue not unlike the mar tyred lobster; ani whose teeth remind ed me forcibly of the “ crags and peaks” mentioned by the man in the play— took up her station on the other end of the steps. She, like Gabe, went in for giving the Church of Rome “Jesse,” but otherwise did not agree with hint, did not seem willing to go to Heaven by his conveyance, but claimed to have discovered some kind of a northwest passage—some exclusive path “ cross lotsand she advocated her right of way with all her woman’s power of tongne —in fact, they agreed only tol erably—‘Arcades ambo”—both Cel stials, but of a different breed—(B. D. that sometime since they joined issue (on the Devil’s head, one averting that WHOLE HO. 112. he has horns, and the other maintain ing that his brimstone friend is a ronley —but they both pitched into the Pope —abused all foreigners, denounced the Church of Rome, walked into the affec tions of thgjCatholics generally —talked learuedl/Wpriests, inquisitions, dun geons, thumbscrews, martyrs, convents, nunneries, and other luxuries, as being the only legitimate offspring of the mother of abominations, the scarlet wo man ; and in fact, seemed to be Laving the field entirely to themselves, when lo ! a change came o’er the spirit of the gospel show ; for in the midst of the crowd suddenly appeard, a third com battant—bis classic dress and intellect ual face gave unmistakable evidence that be was from the “Gim of the Ocean.” With the dignified and majestic bearing peculiar to some of his countrymen, ha slowly mounted the steps, and took, a po sition directly between the two, and in a voice strongly tinctured with the ‘sweet brogue,’ announced himself as a cham pion of that much slandered gentleman, the Pope of Rome. At this astounding impudence, the woman, for a single in stant held her peace. Gabc was so taken aback that he seemed about to-collapse, played an “ad libitum” interlude on the tin horn, and all hands “pitched in” (as Miss Agnes Robertson Gabriel commenced the onset by asserting that the Pope is not strictly a bachelor, but has seven white wives in hie parlor, thir teen ditto bonnd in law calf in the libra ry, a hundred and forty-one golden haired damsels in his private apartment, and a perfect harem of jetty beauties in the coal hole. Petticoat followed by Faying that he breakfasts on Protestant babies : ‘drink* whiskey punch oat of a Protestant cler gyman's skull; has an abducted Protes tant virgin to black his boots; fifty-seven Protestant widows to dig his potatoes and hoe corn, and that he rolls ten.pios ev ery afternoon with the heads of Protes tant orphan children. Irishman indignant denied all—sail the country is going to old Knick, and some fine morning we shall wake up a&d find that the Pope, unable longer to en dure our perverseness, has sunk us all forty miles deeper than ancient Sodom ; said that his Holiness could send us all to perdition with one wink of his left eye; that he is the head of the Church ou earth ; has all power to save or oth erwise ; eonld get us all out of Purgato ry, and send us all “kiting into heaves,’* by wagging bis little finger ; that he could, like a Joshua No 2, make the Sun and Moon stand still: make the planets dance an astronomical ngadoon ; cause the hills and mountains to exe cute a mighty jig, while old ocean should beat the time against the blue vault of Heaven, and applauding An gels encore the huge salutations. Gahe said he did not believe the yarn. Petticoats remarked something about Star Spangled Banner being al ways right side up. Irishman proceeded to describe the future home of the happy in another world, as a place where there should be plenty of potatoes, and oceans of genuine whiskey. Symptoms of a free fight now rapidly developed into an uncivil war. Petti coats gut mixed up with the crowd, and presently emerged rather the worse for wear, barefooted,bareheaded, hair down, nose injured by collision, ey« in mourn ing, mouth bloody, and her whole ap pearance reminded me of the “sow that hath eaten her nine Arrow.” (I for” got who penned this apposite question, and asked Bull Dogge, who, being exci ted by the fray, angrily asserted that it 'js by “Nero ur some d—d oM cuss”