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Los Angeles daily herald. [volume] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1873-1876, January 01, 1875, Image 1

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VOL. 111.
$0$ jfettflflfj* §rff*M.
The Leading Paper of Southern
California.
Is Published every morning except Monday
by
THE LOS ANOELES CITY AND COUNTY
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING CO.
J. M. IJASSETT,
Editor and IVlnnaaer,
OFFICE—Herald St.-nin Book and Job
Printing; Hoiihc, Spring street, opposite the
Court House.
TERMS:
Per annum, by mall or express $10
Six months " " 6
Three months " " 8
Delivered by carriers, per week, 25 cents
THE WEEKLY HERALD
Is published every Saturday morning.
TERMS.
Oae year, by mail or expicss, single copy...s3 00
Six months, " " " " ... 175
Three " " " " " ... 100
Advertisements inserted nt reasonable rates
Will soon bo issued, the third edition of the
HERALD PAMPHLET;
Compiled from the columns of the DAILY
HERALD, and containing the most com
plete and reliable information relative to Lcs
Angeles City ami County. Price, 25 cents.
All Hinds or Job-Work done to Tom
pete with Nan Francisco in Price,
Style, and Elegance ol Workinnuinlp.
FRIDAY JAN. 1, 1875.
Wells, Farqo * Co.'s business for tho
year 1874 was r.iore than four times tha busi
ness ol ttie previous year.
Cubing tlie year 1874, over three hundred
and fifty steamers and about one hundred
sailing yessels were anchored in the port of
Wilmington.
Tub records In the office of the U. S. Collect
or of Internal lie venue show that between 300
nnd 400 persons are engaged in this county In
the liquor traffic The Good Templars cer
tainly have a wide field of operations.
Foe valuable statistics furnished, the Her
ald'returns its thanks to Hon. A. Higbie
Wm. It. Oldcu, Col. J. J. Warner, Col. J. De
Earth Shorb, Col. B. L. Peel, Dr. W. T. Lucky,
Supt. of City Schools; Lieut. C. B. Seers, U. 8.
A.; MaJ. Horace Bell, E. E. Hewitt, Supt. 8. P.
R. It.; Col. B. D. Wilson, Thos. A. Garey, Dr.
Edgar, Postmaster Bent, and the clergy of Los
Angeles.
Tiik Jfuad Gdifurnische J'ost, the only Ger
man newspaper published In Southern Cali
fornia, established In July last, lias made
wonderful progress. It furnishes ourGormans,
ou each Saturday, with full intelligence about
Southern California, and the latest news from
tho father land, and all other parts of the
world. Mr. C. Jacoby, the editor and pro
prietor, is an experienced newspaper man,
and under his excellent management
the J*ont is sure to have increased prosperity.
This weekly has its lieadquartors in the Her
ald establishment.
The Herald takes pleasure in commend
ing to its readers 7/t Cronica, the oignn In
Southern California of tho Spanish-speaking
population. The paper was established early
ia 1872. At th" start It was published once n
w-'ek, but owing to the liberal patronage be
stowed upon H, Its proprietor soon issued it
semi-weekly, and considerably enlarged. It
lias a very large circulation, Its columns arc
always well filled with tho latest news, and it.
is ably edited. It circulates largoly on the
Pacific Coast and in the adjacent territories. E.
F. Ti'.oiioHjtho propietor, and Messrs B. F. de
Cells a.ul Pastor de Celis, the editors, are
all worthy gentlemen. The paper is issued at
(he Hckald Publishing Establishment.
Fisher & Thatcher.
Nothing better Illustrates the advantages of
sealing first-class goods und informing the
people just where you are and precisely what
you have for sale titan a visit to th >
great watch and jewelry emporium of Fisher
& Tnatcher, «7 Main streot. Tho regular sales
of this popular firm aro always large, and
during the holiday season the quantity of fine
watches elegant Jewelry and magnificent silver
ware disposed of by them is slmplyenormous.
A large proportion of tho goods sold by
this firm is manufactured in the house by
finished workmen of Just the material and
carats fine represented to the customer. Their
stock Is always large and varied, and as they
advertise liberally throughout Southern Cali
fornia and Arizona they arc known every
where. Never deceiving a customer they
never lose a patron. A liberal advertising,
square dealing Arm, we take pleasure In roc.
ommending them to strangers nnd new
comers; to those who know and have troded
with them they need no recom'mendution.
The Assessor's Figures.
The county assessment made last Summer
showed an Increase in the taxable wealth of
Los Angeles county of fully 25 per cent. The
total number of acres assessed was 1,173,
--827, classified as follows: 25,728 acres of Irriga
ble, moist, vineyard and orchard lands, as
sessed at from $20 to 850 per acre; 111,003 acres
of medium and good grain or farm land, as
sessed at from ?10 to $15 per acre; 103,2!)3 acres
of fine grazing but poor grain land, assessed
at from $5 to $8 per ocro; and {12(1,311 acres of
grazing, swamp and mountains lands, as
sessed at from 25 cents to $4 pet acre. The
total assessed value of these lands is $3,900,
--400, with Improvements thereon assessed at.
$941 475. City and town lots are assessed at
$1,854,768, and the Improvements thereon at
$1,201,265, The assessment of personal prop
erty amounts to $4,319,424—making tho total
assessment for the year over $12,000,000.
In tho assessment, of personal property are
the following: 1,200 horses: 750,000 sheep, not
counting lambs; hogs, one year and over,
6,000; goats, 2,000; cows, 7,000; bee hives, 9,000;
beef cattle, 10,000; poultry, 3,000 dozen.
Los Angeles Daily Herald.
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1875.
Los Angeles County and Los Ange
les Valley.
Los Angeles county Is bounded on tho
North by Kern county, the lino running duo
Kast and West, and about 70 miles In length.
On the East It is bounded by Han Bernardino
county, tho lino running nearly North and
youth and a little over 100 miles In length.
On the Southwest It is bounded by the Pacilic
Ocoasi, with a coast line of nearly 100 miles.
On tho West it Is bounded by Ventura county,
the lino running Northeasterly for about 15
miles, then Northwesterly about 45 miles.
Thus It will bo seen tho lurgor portion of the
county Is a parallelogram, being about 70
miles from East to West and 00 miles from
North to Booth) leaving v triangle in the
Southeast portion, the Northern line of which
equals 70 miles and the Eastern 10 miles. The
county therefore contains übout 5.80J square
miles, or about I,Boo,oooacres.
That portion of tho county lying North of
tho Sierra Madrc mountains Is known us tho
Mojave valley or desert. Theso mountains
traverse the county In an Easterly und West
erly direction and nearly centrally, consider
ing the length of tho East and West linos.
The Northern slopws, valleys and foot-hills of
these mountains afford a large and very fine
range lor stock. Both sides of tho mountains
afford a bee pasture unsurpassed, probably,
in any part of the State, or the United States,
There Is a vast amount of wood and consider
able of it of tbe best quality for timber iv these
mountains. The small valleys of these
mountains are very productive to all kinds of
grain und vegetables, the potato being of tbe
very best quality, apples and plums also being
superior to those raised on the ocean side of
the "foot-bills."
rivers.
The Santa Ana river rises In ihe San Bernar
dino mountains, San Bernardino county, and
runs Southwesterly through the San Bernar
dino valley,cutting through the "foot-hills"
near the county line and entering tho county
about 85 miles from the ocean; thence it con
tinues In a Southwesterly direction through
tho Southeasterly portion of Los Angeles val
ley, between the towns of Anaheim uud
Richland, nnd enters tho ocean between Ana
heim Landing and Newport.
The San Uabriel river rises in the Sierra
Ifftdre Mountains, and running Southerly
enters tbe El Monto valley, where it sinks
during the Summer seuson and rises again in
two branches as it passes the rim of the basin.
From this point (where the rivers cut through
tho foot-hills) to the ocean, the streams are
known as the Now and Old San Gabriel rivers,
being, on an average,after they arc fairly Into
tho valley, about throe miles apart,
. Tho Los Angeles river rises in tlie San Fer
nando valley and runs Southeasterly, supply
ing the city of Los Angolos and vicinity with
water for domestic purposes and lor irrigation,
and during ordinarily wet seasons extends
three, four or five miles bolow tho city lv a
.Southerly direction. During very wet seasons
It extends through tho valley about fifteen
miles and unites with Old Sun Gabriel.
Tho Santa Clara fiver rises in tho calions of
the bio an tains between tha Sierra Madeaoa
the South and the Sierra Nevada on the North
and runs Southwesterly through the Santa
Clara valley, the Northeast portion of tho
valley being in Los Angeles county und the
Southwest in Venture county.
Besides the streams already named, (hero
are several others affording no iueonsiderable
quantity of water. Among them are tho Ar
royo Seco, Santa Anita, San Joso, Han Anto
nio, Los Coyotes, de la Brea, Santa Argus,
OentlnelS and others. There is a sufficient
supply of water in tho rivers and streams
referred to, if timely and properly appropri
ated, to irrigate moo than one-hall of all the
land lv tho entire valley that needs it.
THE LOS ANGELES VALLEY
Is bounded on the Northeast by the loot-hills
dividing tills valley from San Fernando nnd
El Monto valleys (being opart of the entire
valley), on the Southwest by the Ocean, on
the Southeast by a range of hills about 12
miles Southeast of the Santa Ana river, run
ning southwesterly to the Ocean, on the
Northwest by the Ocean and the foot-hills in
a trend Southwesterly to the Ocean. The val
ley In a Northwesterly and Southeasterly di
rection is about 50 miles iv length, and at
right angles with its length is about 20 miles
wide. It contains, therefore, 1,000 square
miles or 810,000 acres. This may very proper
ly be divided into three parts, viz.: 100,000
acres suitabto for grazing purposes, 180,000
acres suitable for grapes and scml-lroplcal
fruits, 320,000 acres as superior land for corn,
barley, rye, oats, millet, etc., and a considera
ble portion of It is also suitable for apples,
pears, peaches, aprleots, walnuts, etc. Tnis
is Los Angeles valley on the ocean side of the
foot-hills.
IRRIGABLE LAND.
Five hundred thousand acres of this land
can be irrigated. It lies most favorable for
this purpose, having a fall of about ton feet
per mile In a Southerly direction. The
water can be deflected both Southeasterly
and Southwesterly from tho Santa Ana, Old
and New San Uabriel ond Los Angeles rivers.
Very large zanjas or ditches are already con
structed leading the water from all theso riv
ers for the purpose of irrigation as well as for
manufacturing purposes.
CHARACTER OF THE SOIL.
Tho soil, as a general rale,in (he valley land
Is a rich, sand/ loam, very easily worked aud
is very productive. On tha higher lotious of
the valley and the hillsides the soil is less
sandy, not so dark, slightly harder, but
equally productlvo with tho application of
water. In a few small portions of the valley
the soil contains an excoss of alkali. Where
the alkali is very abundant the land is ren
dered non-productive for a few years. This
land may be made the best In tho valley by
planting beets for one or two years, thou corn,
then barloy, then anything.
LOS ANOELES VALLEY HACK OF THE FOOT
HILLS.
This district of country Includes what is
known as San Fernando, El Monte and San
Joso valleys and also part of the Chlno valley,
and Is about 45 miles in length East and West,
Including a break of 3or 4 miles between the
El Monto and San Fernando valleys, nnd Is
on an average about i] 4 miles wide, lying be
tween the foot-hills and tho Sierra Madrc. It
contains about 203 square miles, or about 135,
--000 acres. This may bo subdivided as follows,
viz.: 45,000 acres for grazing purpesos, 45,000
acres for vineyards and semi-tropical fruits,
and 45,000 acres for grain and common fruits.
This belt Includes the celebrated orange or
chards of Hon. B. D. Wilson, Rose and Others,
and it may bo safely asserted, without fear of
successful contradiction, that no pl.iee in the
United States, and perhaps no place In the
world, can surpass tills for tho cultivation of
all the varieties of tbe raisin grape. Wheat,
if put in properly and timely, can be raised
here with success, as well as barley, rye, oats,
corn, etc.
LOS ANOELES VALLEY (ENTIRE),
Including tho portions already described, Is
the valley of Southern California. It con
tains upwards of 12,000 square miles, or about
775,000 Sores. The ollmate and soil are unsur
passed. It has a very largo and fine Roa-eou-t,
with three other points where good landings
can be made as the needs of tho county may
demand, besides Wilmington and Anaheim
Landings, viz.; Newport, 5 or 0 miles bolow
the mouth of the Santa Ana. river and two
West of L«s Angeles—tlie one near Santa
Monica, tho other near Ccntinela.
FRUITS OF ALL KINDS.
Nearly all kinds of fruits can be grown in
this valley with ease aud profit. Orange,
lemon, lime, fig, walnut, chestnut, apricot,
almond, nectarine, apple, pear, peach, plum,
currant, blackberry, raspberry, strawberry,
gooseberry, peanuts, etc.
vegetables.
Nearly all kinds of vegetables can bo raised
in abundance and of tha very best quality,
and more, perhaps, per acre than can be
raised in any other valley In the State. These
may be made very valuable.
FRUIT-GROWING PROFITABLE.
At ten years of age each tree (orange, lime,
lemon or walnut) will pay $10 per tree. If ten
acres bo planted witli any one of the trees
named, with 70 trees per acre, he would have
700x10 which makes $7,000 as the procoedsof
ids ten acres for one year, and yet have the
land nnd trees on It, which would bo worth
$20 per tree. Seven hundred trees at $20 per
tree would give $14,000; odd tho proceeds to
this, $7,000, and we have $21,000 -what the ten
acres would bring the tenth year from the
time of purchase and planting. The expenses
would be as follows:
Cost of 20 acres of bind at $i 0 per acre ? 600
" " 700 trees, enough to plant 10 acres 70
" ' planting the same 70
" " plowing and fencing the land 300
Interest on money invested for 9 years at
1 percent per month 1,000
Allowing $3 per day to the party engaged
wo have 000
And allowing this for ten years we hove 9,000
Tho total of these very large figures for
expenses Is $11,010
Take this trom the total value of trees and
land, and we have a balance of $9,900 afcer
paying all expenses aad good Interest on the
Investment nnd $900 per year as a salary, be
sides raising enough on tho land to support a
family. This is not hypothetical, but real.
THE CULTIVATION OF THE RAISIN GRAPE
May bo considered with results equally ns
favorable as the foregoing. Tho cultivation
of the raisin grape Is destined to a profitable
industry in this county. Hundreds of thous
ands of the best varieties have already been
planted. As the Mission vino will produce
more pounds of the Muscats when grafted on
to the MtsaiftW stock limn it will of its own
kind, it is very strange that grape growers
have not thus produced the different varieties
of tlie raisin grape instead of the Mission,
which have not been profitable. Perhaps It
has not been generally known that tho Mils'
cats and other varieties of tho raisin grape
could be grafted onto the Mission stock with
success and great profit, but such is the fact.
THE QUESTION OF FREIGHT.
It has been asserted by some that It will not
pay to raise any kind of produce to ship to
San Francisco, on account of the exceedingly
high freights. It may be admitted that
freights as a rule aro too high; yet parties
have offered to take produce—corn, rye, bar
ley, potatoes, etc—from Compton, on the L.
A. & S. P. R. R., and lay it down on tho wharf
in San Francisco for $4 50 per ton. Thus we
can, if we make the effort in that direction,
get our produce into San Francisco at a less
expense than some of the Northern counties
which ship largely to that city. Tho farmer
hero can afford to raise small grain even and
ship them to Sttn Francisco and make more
Iv tho operation than tbe "up-country"
farmer, because the Soil bore is more product
ive and because the freight Is less.
The conclusion of tho whole matter, there
fore, Is this; Los Angeles valley, with its sa
lubrious ellmate, fertile soil, marvelous pro
ductions, excellent traveling facilities, favor
able surrouuding-i, and where December is as
pleasant as May, must bo a very desirable
place tin-the immigrant.
p MM J.—i
The Los Angeles and Pacific Railway.
The most Important project now before the
people of Los Angeles county is one for the
construction of a railway from tho city to some
point on the ocean where a dock cau be built
and passenhers and freight landed without
being subject to the enormous expense and
delay that landing at Wilmington necessi
tates. Tho great advantages that a narrow
gauge railway has over a broad gauge aro so
cogent and numerous that it will bo unneces
sary to enumerate them.
The Los Angeles and Pacific Railway Com
pany Is incorporated with a capital stock of
8500,000 In 1,000 shares of SSOO each. The esti
mated cost of the road, based upon Enginocr
Crawkoro's figures, is less than 8200,
--000, so that only that amount of cash will be
called in upon the stock. The advantages
claimed by tho L. A. <fc P. R. R.overany of tho
other projected routes having their termini
near Shoo Fly landing are as follows:
In tho first place, the Centlnola Landing lies
In a direct lino of vessels going up or down (he
coast, whilo Shoo Fly landing lies in tho bite
near Santa Monica, and a vessel to reach this
latter point has to sail at least 13 miles out of
tho direct coast course. Again, tho water off
tho coast from Point Duma to Shoo Fly is
very shallow, and at the landing a wharf ex
tending 1,400 feet Into the ocean only reaches
a depth of 20 feot of water, while at the Cen
tlnelii Landing a wharf extending 1,000 feet
into tho ocean reaches a depth of 30 feet of
water. Again, the landing at Centlnelu is
completely protected from tho South, South
east and East gales by the San Pedro Moun
tain and Santa Catalina Island, whilo Shoo
Fly is not projected from any of these points.
Tho distance to theso two points from Los
Angeles is about the same—l 4 miles.
Enough stock has already been subscribed
to warrant the Directors in proceeding at onco.
Mr. Crawford has been engaged to make the
preliminary survey and estimates; tenders
have been Invited for the iron aud equipment
and the work will bo pushed forward as rap
idly ns possible. A rental of $25,0110 per an
num for the wharf alone has been offered and
refused by the company. Good men estimate
that the road will pay over 2 per cent, per
month from tlie shirt. II will run through the
lands of tho Centinela Colony. The land
Company have offered to give the railway the
right of way and 040 acres of land at the land
ing. This road will ba a great boon to Los
Angeles county, aud our peoplo should assist
by taking stock according to their means.
That the road will be a success is guaranteed
by the fact that It the gentlemen who form its
Board of Directors build the road out of their
own private moans it will Increase the value
of the Centincla Rancho, of which they aro
extensive owners, more than sufficient to pay
lor tho railway.
The Southern Pacific Road.
From tho railway lines of the Southern Pa
cific Railroad running into Los Angeles come
favorable reports of the operations during the
year 1874. The statements of the year's opera
tions have not yet been completed, but we are
Assured that the increase over the previous
year's operations will be most satisfactory.
The transportation of imports has materially
Increased, particularly during tho Fall and
Winter mouths. Tbe exports carried overtho
road during the year are übout equal in ton
nage to that of the year '73, despite the fact
that homeconsumption haslargjly increased,
and large quantities of tho produce of this
county have been shipped to Panuniint,Cerro
Gordo and other mining camps.
The company has lour hundred men on its
pay-roll, and the monthly expenditures for
labor foot up to $28,000. The company pays
promptly and Is not in debt to any person.
On the Los Angeles and San Pedro Road—
twenty-one miles by rail and six miles by
lighters—an Increase of ten per cent, on gen.
oral business marks the past year. Tho re
ceipts of lumber and quurtz mill machinery
have especially increased. About two thous
and passengers per mouth, arrivals by steam
er, aro carried over the road, and half that
number taken to outgoing steamers.
Tho branch road to Anaheim, twenty
seven miles long, was completed on
tho 29th tilt. Sixteen miles were constructed
during the last year. During the year the
passenger travel and freight truffle has been
exceedingly active, and now that connection
is had with tho nourishing settlements In and
about Anaheim, the trade on the branch will
be heavily increased.
Tho main trunk of the Southern Pacific
Road, from Los Angeles to Spadra nnd San
Fernando—fifty miles in length to the Inch
was put in operation on the 22J of April last.
During 1874 fifteen miles of this road was con
structed. The Southern Pacific load extends
southward Horn Sau Erancisco toTehatchipe
Statiou, twenty-four miles south of Bakers
field. Daily passenger trains arc run on this
road fi )ui San Francisco to Los Angeles—the
gup between Tehatchipe and San Fernando,
ninety-eight miles, being staged. This gap by
contract must be aimed by November, 1877,
but the work will be done much sooner If tbe
credit of the company is maintained.
It is tho intention of the company to extend
the road from Spadra to San Beruardino and
then ou eastward to tap the Arizona busiuess
and be reudy for direct connection with the
Southern Pucitlc Road, when it strikes Ari
zona from the east—thus making Los Angeles
tho great Western Depot of the best trans-con
tinental line of railway.
During the present year the company Intend
to erect v handsome passenger depot and ca
pacious warehouses, In the eastern part of the
city, on land donated by the city for that pur.
pose. Over $85,000 will be expended in these
improvements. Extensive machine shops
and car manufactories will also be erected in
this city before many years have rolled away.
Our Railroad Wants.
Los Angeles valley.is one of tho richest
spots on the face of the globe. Her soil is ca
pable of supporting a million people, and In
the near future her farm, garden and orchard
exports will aggregate an immense bulk and
bring to her laborers a largo revenue. To the
east and nor!beast of this favored spot lies a
Droad and rich mineral region which will
produce little save the precious metals, but
these in abundance. Naturally the valley
should supply the mountaius with food aud
raiment. The thousands of miners who for
genera, ions to come will delve beneath the
granite pilcs.miist depend upon the valley for
tlie necessaries of life. The million*of tons of
ore which these minors will bring to tho sur
face and prepare for shipment to the reduction
works must in tho economy of trade reach the
ocean at the nearest point. Los Angeles is
that point, and though we may wrong our
selves and wrong those who come after us by
neglecting our plain duty so far as not to build
the Los Angeles and Independence Itallroad,
yet so great will ultimately become tho de
mand for this road that It will be built. We
may build it now. If we undertake tho worn it
will build itself after tho first fifty miles of
track Is laid. The day we aro able to run cars
to Cajon Pass, that day we shall have opened
tho channel through which will pass the
freight to and from the mines of Inyo county,
Northern Arizona and of tho many mines
that will hereafter bo discovered in our "back
country." Thus much of tlte road in opera
tion and the work of track laying will goon
on until somoona of the roads now stretching
Westward are touched and then we shall have
that which will mako the Southern Coast
counties tlie richest part of all California—a
Southern overland railroad. lint looking nt
the immediate advantages of the contem
plated road, wo find that It will retain tho
trade wo aro now rapidly losing and lnoreaso
It muny fold, beside affording a ready market
for tho surplUß products of the valley both
now and for years to come. Wo trust our
moneyed men and citizens of Influonco will
carefully consider tho facts we have pointed
out and.unlte in oncjgrnnd effort for.the accom
plishment of v work which will secure us
benefits greater and more general than we
have enumerated. The people aro awakening
to the Importance of building this road ai d If
tho right men will loud it their aid its build
ing may bo regarded ns an accomplished
fact.
ORGANIZATIONS.
A Complete Directory of the Lodges,
Societies, Companies mill Orders in
l.os Angeles.
MASONS.
Los Angeles Lodge No. 42, F. & A. M., was
chartered May sth, 1854. The present mem
bership Is eighty. The officers are: 8. C. Foy,
W. M.j U.S. Orme, 8. W.; M. Levy, J. \V.;
Samuel Mayer, Treas.; Chas. Smith, Sec.
Pentulpha Lodge No. 202, F. & A.M., was
chartered in October, 1869, with eleven mem
bers. The present membership Is forty. Tho
officers for this year are: John I). Bicknnll.W.
M.; Jas. S. Crawford, S. W.; 8. C. Hubbell, J.
W.; Frunk Lecouvrcur, T.; W. W. RobtBSOQ,
(See.
Lexington Lodge No. 104, F. * A. M., at El
Monto, has a membership of fifty. This Lodge
wus Instituted In 1858. D. A. Reed is Master
for this Masonic year, with J. H. Gray as Sec
retary. The Lodge has a fine hall, its own
property, afid $2,500 surplus in the treasury,
although Its fees and dues arc as low as the
regulations of the Grand Lodge of the State
permit,
Los Angeles Chapter No. 33, It. A. M., was
organized under dispensation in May, 1881;
chartered October, 1801. Chapter now num
bers fifty-seven. The officers are: Francis I
Pliny Fisk Temple, High Priest; Samuel
Prager, King; Samuel C. Foy, Scribe; Abra
ham Wolf Edelman, Capt. Host; Thomas Ed
win Rowan, Prin. Sojourner; Moritz Morris,
R. A. Capt.; Michael Levy, Mast. 3 Vail; Pe
ter Thompson, Mast. 2 Vail; C. L. Ducom
man, Mast. 1 Vail] Samuel Meyer, Treusurer;
William H.A.Kidd,Secretary; H. Nledecken,
Guard.
Los Angeles Council R. & S. M., No. 11, was
Instituted in January, 1871, with ten charter
members. The Council now numbers twenty
six. The officers are: H. S. Orme, Th.\ 111.-.;
A. \V. Edelman, Dep. UI M.; J. Q. A. Stanley,
P. C. Works; 8. Meyer, Treasurer; Jas. F.
Burns, Recorder; M. Michaells, Capt. of the
Guard; Geo. A. Grymcs, Conductor; E. E.
Hewitt, Marshal; G. Lazzarovlch, Steward;
H< Nicdecken, Sentinel.
Cover do Loon Commandery No. 9, F. & A.
M.,was instituted in Los Angeles January 14th,
1870. with nine charter members. The present
membership Is twenty. Tho officers aro: H.
S. Orme, E. o.| J. Q, A. Stanley, Gen.; Henry
N. Bruning, Capt. Gen.; F. P. F. Temple, Pre
late; Henry Hamilton, Senior Warden; John
I>. liicknall, Junior Warden; Jo%n J. Rey
nolds, Treasurer; A. & Holmes, Recorder:
John Holler, Standard Bearer; O.Lazzarovich,
Sword Boaror; Thomas E. Rowan, Warder; 11.
Nicdecken, Sentiuel.
Wilmington Lodge No. 19S, F. & A.M., at
Wilmington. George Hends, W. M.; Fran
cis Monaghan, Secretary. Lodgo prosperous.
ODD FELLOWS.
Los Angeles Lodge No. 35,1.0.0. F., was in
stituted on the 20th duy of March, 1885, and
tho 30th year of tho order in North America.
It is tho oldest and largest Lodge of Odd Fel
lows in the city, and now numbers over one
hundred members. The officers are:
Ben. A. Stnnard, N. G.; G. 11. Matfleld, V.
G.; A. Frank, R. 8.; H. Fleishman, Treas.
Golden Rule Lodge No. 100,1. O. O. F., holds
a charter dated the Oth day of July, 1809, being
the 51st year of the order In North America.
The officers are:
C. 1). Jlathaway, N. G.; A. G. Tabor, V. G.;
Jos. Huber, Jr., Rec. Sec; C. C. Lips, P. Sec;
M. W. Childs, Treas.
Meets ou every Friday night. The lodgo has
a membership of übout ninety.
Angelito Lodgo No. 1*5,1. O. O. F., was Insti
tuted January Ist, 1872, being the youngest
lodgo of Odd Fellows In tho city. It now
numbo.s over forty members, and has the fol
lowing officers:
I.J. Smith, N. G.; J. Kuhrts V. G.; J. M.
Bassett, R. S.; J. Faruhart, Treas.
Nietos Lodge No. 197, at Downey City, al
though a young lodge, Is ono of tho most flour
ishing in the county. It has v largo member
ship and numbers many of tlie most promi
nent men of the section. The lodge owns a
lino hall, and has it well furnished.
South Star Degree Lodge No. 7,1. O. O. F.,
was Chartered on March 27th, 1871, at Los An
geles. The membership Is over forty. The
officers for the year are:
Horace Burdick, D. M.; J. R. Summers, D.
D. M.; Ben. A. Stauurd, R. S.; E. A. Preuss,
Jr., Treas.; J. M. Bassett, I. G.
Orange Grove Encampment No. 31,1. O. O.
F. , was instituted Nov. 17th, 1808, with eight
charier members. It now has a membership
of over forty. The officers are as follows:
Horace Burdick, C. P; A. W. Hutton, H. P.;
G. 11. Matfleld, 8. W.; 8. Benjamin, J. W.; J.
M. Bassett, Scribe; A. Frank, Treasurer.
There aro other flourishing lodges in the
county, as follows:
Anaheim Lodge No. 199, at Anaheim.
Bohen Lodge No. 138, at Wilmington.
During the year a new lodgo was instituted
at Orange.
KED MEN.
Los Angelos Stamm No. 133, U. 0. R. M.,was
established In Los Angeles in July, 1870, with
thirty-five charter members. The member
ship is exclusively of Germans, and now
numbcis forty-three. The officers are:
Jacob Phlllippe, O. C; Paul Schiller, U. C;
Philip Louth, B. C; A. Stoermer, Recording
Sec; Jacob Famhart, Permanent Sec; A.
Melehort, Treasurer; H. Fleishman, District
Deputy Grand Master.
Shominac Tribe No. 50, I. O. R. M., was in
stituted October 29th, 1871, with fifty-seven
charter members. Tho tribe bus been making
constant acquisitions to thelrnumbersduring
tho few months which have elapsed since
their organization, and the number of mem
bers is now about oue hundred. The officers
arc as follows:
T. J. Caystile, Sachem; L. M. Holt, Sr. Sag
amore; L. Meyer, Jr. Sugamore; C. A. Keller,
Porpbetj W. F.Gibson, Chief of Records; C.
S. Dunsmoor, Keeper of Wampum.
JI'NAI B'RITII,
This Hebrew fraternal organization lias a
prosperous lodge In Los Angeles. Orange
Lodge No. 224 was Instituted on the 17th of
March, 1874, and at tills date is In a very flour
ishing condition. Thlrly-llvo names arc on
tho roll of members, but the list will be
heavily Increased during tho present year, as
the permanency and success of tho Lodge is
assured. The main object of the Independent
Order of B'nal B'rith is to assist the sick and
distressed, tho widowed nnd orphaned. In
case a member dies, his helpless ones receive
the sum of {1,000, contributed by tho members
lOf the order In the district. Mr. Samuel Pru-
I ger Is President of the Lodge, Just re-elected,
; with IsaaeGoldsmith as Secretary. Tho lodge
j has a very pleasant hall for its weekly meet
ings.
KNIGHTS OK PYTHIAS.
This popular fraternal order was estab
! lished In Los Angeles in June last, Olive
i Lodge No. 26 being then Instituted by the
Grand Officers of the state, its charter mem
bers being some of the most worthy residents
of the city, among them are J. \V\ Wolcn
berg, It. J. Wolf,Geo. A. Tiffany, Wm. Apple
ton, K. T. Hay, H, S. Orme, ft*, E. Gorurd, J. J.
Reynolds, A. Vundeiilp, H. K. Morrison, P.P.
F. Temple, W. Stedman, E. E. Fisher, J. M.
Bassett, and others. It enters on the new year
with fifty active members. J, H. Summers is
C. C. for the new year, with J. W. Woleuberg
us K. of It. S. Meetings on Thursday night of
eucli week, at Odd Fellows' Hall.
GOOO TEMPLAK3.
Merrill Lodge, I. O. G, T.,was organized De
cember 28th, 1807. The present membership
is 230. A commodious hall is rented and fur
nished by the lodge, and its whole property is
valued at 51,500. It is enjoying excellent pros
portly, und at each meeting large acquisitions
are made to its membership. The officers arc:
J.H.Blunchard, W. C. T.; Miss Sarah Ander-
I sou.W. V.T.; S. A.Waldron, W.S.; Ale xan
der Hamilton, W. F. S.; W. W. Kobiuson. W.
T.; — Murphy, W. M.; Frank a, Gibson, W.
1.G.; Frank X, Angell.W.O. G.; W.T.Lucky,
Chaplain; Miss Mury Porter, W. L. 8.; Mrs.
Virginia Owens, W. H. S.; W. D. Gould, J, W.
Gillette, John McArthur, Trustees.
TURN VKkI:I \.
The Turn-Verein Germania was established
in Los Angeles in June, 1870, It now has a
membership of one hundred, and tho organi
zation is In a very flourishing condition. The
society owns tho most commodious hall in
the city, situated on Spring street, between
Second and Third. The building is a frame,
| 50x130, with fine ball room or uuditorium.uud
j full stage properties. The society's properly
is worth Sio.UOO. The officers of tho Germnula
arc; Dr. Joseph Kurtz, Prest.; K. D. Wise,
Vice Prest.; 0. C. Lips, Vice Prest.; P.. Marx
sen, Ist Secretary; E. Neltzke, 2d Secretary;
0. C. Morris, Treasurer; H. Koch, Instructor;
G. Keiuecke, Stage Manager; D. Stern, Libra
rian; P. King, Steward; A. Haas, A. Asbruud,
L. Boeder, Trustees.
MILITAUY.
The Los Angeles Guards, a regularly organ
ized company of State Militia, was formed in
August, 1871, and mustered into service Kept,
Ist. Tlie company numbered at the outstart
Oi members. There are bow 60, including of
ficers. The officers are as follows: Captain,L.
J. Sacriste; Ist Lieut., D. W. Fitzpatrick; 2d
Lieut.,Chas. Hagan; Ist Sergeiuit,James Hart
ley; 2d Sergeant,Wm.D.Barnum; 3d Sergeant,
James Bree; 4th Sergeant, John S. Lambert;
Ist Corporal, A. Ciancy; 2d Corporal, H. Am
ador. There are some vacancies iv non-com
missioned officers. Tho company has a uni
form, consisting of red pants, blue blouse and
zouave cap—red, with blue tassel— presenting
a very pleasing appearance on parade. The
arms are Springfield rifle muskets, of caiibre
58, furnished by the State,
PIKE COMPANY.
The "Thirty-Eights," Fire Company.WHS or
ganized iv April, 1874, with the number of
members indicated in the numo. It now has
a membership of flfty-two. The company is
supplied by tho city with an Amoskeag steam
Are engine, horses, hose curt, und a Habcock
hook und ladder truck, with portable extin
guishers.
SOCIAL,
The Los Angeles Sociul Club was ostab
-1 lished January Ist, 1870, with eight charter
members. There are nt present fifty-three
members, comprislngsonieoi'tlioiuns! prom
inent men of the city. The club has a suite
of rooms, comprising reading room, billiard
room, dancing and dining hails, parlors, a
! bar-roQn stocked with wyies a id liquors,
card rooms, etc.. all furnished in entrant
style. The society property ts valued at <1,000.
The officers are: T. E. llownn, President; M.
J, Newmark, Vice; B. F. Drakentleld, soc'y;
Y. Sepulveda, C. Meyer, C. Jacoby and VV. J.
Brodrick, Directors.
The Terpsiehoreau Social Club was forme I
in the early part of October last, commencing
with about forty members. The object of tlie
organization as implied in its title, is to pro
mote social enjoyment, and numerous pleas
uut receptions have thus far been given under
its auspices. The officers are T. J. Caystile,
President; D.J. Froellng.V. P.; CUas. Smith,
Secy; E. Murphy, Treas.
The Cotillion Club, a social organization,
was formod in September, 1874, witli 30 01 tu
bers. The membership at present is fifty.
The club had given a number of hops at
Leek's hall since its organization. The offi
cers are: A. Bullock, P.esldent; Wm. Bof
rowo, Secy; A. Bullock, Acting Treasurer.
THE SPANISH OKGANIZATI..N.S.
Tho Los Angeles ltltles weie organized in
March, 1873. The officers arc as follows: Capt.
Pantaleon Zabaleta; Ist Lieut., Antonio Gon
zales; 2d Lieut.. J. C. Villalobos. Forty men
ou the muster roll.
The Juarez Patriotic Club was organised in
1803, with Pres't, F. P. Ramirez; Vice-lie,, t.
Gregorio Gonzales, and Secretary, Trinidad
Nerio. At the present time the officers are;
President, Loreto Bonavldez: Vice President,
Kiesgo; Secy, Joaquin Villalobos; Treas.
Jose Lopez. Thirteen members.
Glancing over the record of 1871 wo see that
every resident of tho Pacific Coast must feel
proud of our progress within that period. Our
developments have been greater than are re
corded of any other portion of the world.
Everywhere the spirit of advancement has
manifested itself. Tho population oi I lie
State has increased at least 75,000 within tho
last twelve months, aud the indications arc
that tho year 1875 will add at least 100,000 to
tbe permanent popululionof Cuiifciruia, Ti.o
tide of immigration has turned Westward lv a
volume which increases in nusßbcr and
strength daily, and we may reasoniifcly expect
that the growth of twenty years will bo
doubled within the half of a decade. Tho
products of the State are as varied as they are
abundant. We have already becomo tho
great wheat field of the world, and t hough wo
have won this proud title not one-half of our
broad acres have yet felt the plowshare. With
400,000 added to our population we shall ex
port a thousand bushels of wheat where wo
now send off ten bushels. Our miaeral wealth
Is also great, great beyond that of any other
part of the world.
NO. 81.

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