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Los Angeles daily herald. [volume] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1873-1876, January 01, 1875, Image 4

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CITY AND COUNTY OFFICIAL PAPER.
FRIDAY, JAN. 1, 1875.
No "Herald" To-Morrow.
To-morrow being New Year's Day
and a legal holiday, no Herald will
be issued on Saturday morning.
A Happy New Year.
The year 1874 has just died. The
Old Baron sinks into the tomb of his
ancestors, and the eldest born comes
into possession of the property. May
he prove himself the worthy son of a
worthy father; may he extend a gen
erous hand to the poor and needy; may
he smooth the rugged path of the weak
and weary wayfarer, and cheer him on
his toilsome journey; may he lead the
young and innocent forward in the
ways of wisdom and virtue; may he
gladden the heart of the old and
brighten the road to the Pearly City;
may he drive want and sorrow and
pain aud suffering from without his
broad domain, and in their stead may
there reign peace and plenty and con
tentment and happiness, even unto
the hour when he, too, shall rest iv
tue tuiiiu oi iris i.uhm.-.
The New Year Herald.
The Daily Herald of this morning
contains eight pages of solid reading
matter. Its articlesare all statistical,
historical and descriptive of business
localities and towns in Los Angeles
county. We have endeavored to em
body the facts relative to everything.
No place or branch of industry has
been intentionally omitted, and if
there are any of either one or the
other not represented in these pages,
the omission is due to oversight or in
ability to obtain the facts. We have
aimed to make this number of the
Herald the largest and most com
plete newspaper ever issued in South
ern California. As a medium of in
formation to people in the East rela
ative io Los Augeles county, the New
Year Herald is hy far the most de
sirable to be obtained.
The Weekly Herald.
The Weekly Herald this week
will be a valuable paper for presenta
tion or to send to a friend East. It
will contain more facts relative to Los
Angdes county than ever before
crowded into the pages of any one
paper published in Southern Califor
nia. Its articles have been carefully
compiled from facts furnished by well
informed citizens and may be relied
on as correct.
Los Angeles Newspapers.
Iv proportion to its population, no
city in the State publishes a greater
number of newspapers. With a pop
ulation of 14,000, she supports three
dailies, each of which issue a weekly,
one semi-weekly and one weekly
paper. The dailies are published in
English, the semi-weekly in Spanish
and the weekly in German. The
Daily and Weekly Herald are the
leading papers of Southern California,
and have a circulation largely in ex
cess of any of their cotemporaries. In
addition to those already enumerated,
there are also one weekly advertising
sheet and two monthly publications,
each of which has a large circulation.
Climatic.
The climatic advantages of Los An
geles are certainly not inferior to those
of any locality in the New World,
and, according to the reports of travel
lers, will compare favorably with any
of the old. The mean annual temper
ature is about 64° Fahrenheit, with a
mean range, above and below this, of
10° or 12° for Winter or Summer. The
mean temperature for the half year of
Fall and Winter is about 52° ors4° and
for the half year of Spring and Sum
mer about 74° or 76°. The freezing
point, or frost, is rarely reached; al
though in the latter part of the Sum
mer the thermometer may sometimes
reach up into the nineties, yet the sun
stroke heat of our Atlantic States is
unknown here. During the Summer,
regular and gentlo sea breezes prevail
from the* Northwest, especially during
the middle of the day and afternoon,
but after the first rains of the wet sea
son,or Winter, these breezes generally
cease until the return of the warm
-on. December is generally the
coldest month of the year, having oc
casionally a temperature as low as 84°
or 35°, and in this month and March
the most of the rainfall takes place,
the average of which is generally
about 11 Inches each year. In Decem
b it the rainy season generally sets in
and is not considered over until April.
From the middle of January to the
middle of March is generally the most
delightful weather of the Winter sea
son. Upon the whole, there is no
country, probably, in the world where
people can spend more days out of
doors than in this locality.
Fuel—Water—Gas
As tho saying goes ''Wood is wood"
in Los Angeles and it almost
amounts to the fact that wood is gold
and silver. It is brought from the El
Monte district and from the many
mountain canons lying north of the
city, necessitating its hauling by team
a distance of from twelve to twenty
miles. The price ranges from ten to
sixteen dollars per cord for cut
stove wood, according to qual
ity from willow—the poorest—to
mountain oak—the best. There is an
abundant supply at the prices named.
Coal of a good quality which is
brought here from the northern parts
of the State brings, at retail, ?20 per
ton. A large coal bed has been dis
covered in the county and opened to a
sufficient depth to demonstrate its
good quality and quantity, but owing
to the fact that it is very difficult of
access the mine has never been worked.
The Southern Taciflc Railroad own
the vein and, at some time in the near
future they hope to make rail connec
tions with it which will make the
mine of practical benefit to the coun
ty. Fortunately, nature has been
considerate enough since she did not
provide us with cheap fuel, to give us
a climate which requires very little
artificial heat for the comfort of man.
In many families a fire is never kindled
except for cooking purposes, the year
round. Still a blaze in the grate or
parlor stove is very acceptable in the
cool evenings and rainy days of "Win
ter, though it does not amount to a ne
cessity as in the Northern aud Eastern
States.
WATER.
Los Angeles is better supplied with
water for domestic purposes than most
other places of her size and popula
tion in the country, enjoying all the
advantages secured by large cities in
their expensive systems of water
works. The Los Angeles Water Com
pany have a large reservoir a short
distance north of the city, which is
supplied by a ditch tapping the Los
Angeles river some ten miles farther
up. From this reservoir, water is dis
tributed in pipes with sufficient head
to supply the highest buildings in all
the main portions of the city. The
hill lots on the north are supplied by
another system of works which we
shall note hereafter. The water at its
source is from a pure mountain stream
and far superior to that obtained for
most cities. The connecting ditch and
reservoir are somewhat primitive in
their construction, however, with de
ficient appliances for filtering, and
consequently the water as it comes
from the hydrant lacks much of its
pristine purity. Still, it will com
pare favorably with tbe supply served
generally to drinkers throughout the
country, and when taken with a mod
icum of whisky does excellently. Ma
terial improvements are contemplated
by the company, however, and withiu
a year we expect to have a system of
reservoirs and aqueducts unsur
passed. The hill lots to which we pre
viously referred, lie on the mesa
or table lands extending along
the northwestern part of the city.
The whole tract originally belonged
to Mr. Prudent Beaudry, a wealthy
citizen, and now Mayor of the city. A
great portion of the property is still
retained by him. By his individual
enterprise, he constructed a reservoir
with a capacity of a million gallons,
much higher than that of the Water
Company and capable of supplying
the most elevated portion of his lands.
The quality of water furnished is much
better than that of the Water Com
pany, being raised to the reservoir
from an exhaustless spring by means
of a force-pump. The system of dis
tributing pipes is complete and every
purchaser of a hill lot from Mr. Beau
dry is entitled to a supply at the usual
rates without additional expense. The
prices charged for water are regulated
by the City Council, and a schedule
has been adopted which defines the
quid pro quo, so that every man may
know his rights and obtain them. For
families the prices range from two to
five dollars per month each.
Besides these water-works there is a
system of zanjas, or water ditches
under control of the city, which sup
ply water for irrigating purposes.
This water also comes from the Los
Angeles river, and Is distributed to all
parts of the city and suburbs in quan
tities adequate to the demand. Each
irrigator is entitled to his proportion
of the water at rates fixed by the city.
OAS.
Los Angeles has a complete system
of gas works which now supplies a
never failing and good quality of gas.
The mains are extended through all
the principal business and residence
streets of the city. Owing to the
high price of fuel and transportation
the company is compelled to charge
what might seem exhorbitant rate-, for
tlie gas furnished. Tbe price is fixed
at 57 50 per thousand feet.
-f—
During 1874, M. Keller made £t)O,(K>O
gallons of wine. The twenty other
wine making establishments in Los
Angeles and Anaheim make favora
ble reports of the year's work.
The Los Angeles Public Library.
The Los Angeles Library Associa
tion was organized in December, 1872,
and having secured and furnished
rooms iv Downey Block for library
purposes, opened its doors to members
and the public on the Ist day of Janu
ary, 1873, with about SOO volumes of
books on its shelves, principally
donated or loaned to the association by
the citizens of Los Angeles as a
nucleus for a public library. About
400 volumes of new books were pur
chased very soon thereafter, and at
various periods since additions have
been made by purchase, donation and
loan, until an accumulation of upward
of 1,600 volumes is the result. An
order has just been made for about
200 volumes more, chiefly new and
important publications, and the books
when they are placed on the shelves of
the library will fill a much needed
want and awaken a renewed interest
in the library among all classes of
readers. The association is composed
of about 350 members. The cost of
membership is $2 50 initiation fee
and fifty cents per month dues, or $5
per year, if paid annually in advance.
Strangers visiting the city are ad
mitted to the free use of the rooms,
but aro not allowed to draw books,
except on tin payment of dues. An
average of about 1,000 tourists and
sojourners annually are thus accom
modated with a quiet, pleasant and
attractive reading room. Nearly all
the leading magazines, reviews, illus
trated papers and many Eastern
newspapers and foreign publications
are received at the library. The rooms
are open every afternoon, including
Sunday, and every evening from 7 to
10 o'clock. A chess room, with three
sets of chess and one of draughts, is
connected with the library, the same
room answering the purpose of a
smoking aud conversation room.
The books and magazines, except
books of reference, are allowed to
" circulate" among the members,each
member being allowed to draw two at
a time. The member's family are en
titled to all the privileges of the lib
rary, gratis, though but two books
can be cut at one time on one mem
bership. Many ladies have member
ships in their own name.
At the last session of the Legisla
ture of California a law was enacted
which authorises the Common Council
of the city of Los Angeles to establish
afree public library and maintain it
by a public tax. So soon as the city
shall have taken the necessary steps
to that end, the preseut library will
be merged therein by a donation of
its books and property to the city.
BANKS AND COMMERCE.
Favorable Bank Exhibit—The Whole
sale ttllU Remit Tnt.lr Lnrgely lu
creaseU.
During the year 1874 our banks did
an immense business—fully 25 per
cent, increase on tlie business of 1873.
Temple & Workman's Bank, under
the conduct and management of F. P.
F. Temple, organized in 1871, is one of
the most substantial private banks on
the coast. Every dollar deposited
there is secured by real estate of ten
times the value. H. S. Ledyard is the
executive officer and Thos. W. Tem
ple cashier. The deposits for the year
have averaged $125,000 daily—s3B,
--750,000 for the year. From five to ten
new accounts are opened every day —
new comers to this section with avail
able means ranging from $500 to
$500,000 each.
The Farmers' and Merchants' Bank,
established in 1871, has a paid up cap
ital of $500,000. The general business
averages $100,000 daily—over $30,000,
--000 for the last year.
The Los Angeles County Savings
Bank has a capital of $300,000. J. S.
Slossen is its president, and J. M.
Elliot the secretary. Although this
bank was only organized in July last,
the number of depositors is over 225,
and the deposits, in sums of $2,50 and
upwards, amount to about $50,000.
Our banks have plenty of money
and loan tho same at IJfSdJ per
mouth. Sufficient security is the
only thing needed to raise money In
a«y amounts desired. Exchange on
San Francisco is at par; to New York
and other cities on the other side of
tho mountains, one per cent. The
bankers unite in tho statement that
their business has been doubled dur
ing the past year.
During the year our wholesale trade
has been increased from 26 to 30 per
cent, and our retail trade at least
doubled. One of our best merchants
estimates the wholesale trade of Los
Angeles at $5,000,000, but another
shrewd merchant says the figures are
too high by one million. Tho retail
merchants have all been prosperous,
and many new (inns threw out their
signs during the year. The retail trade
of the city is estimated by some of our
shrewdest merchants at from $5,000,
--000 to $7,ooo,ooo—makin g the total for
the year, wholesale and retail, not far
from $10,000,000. The steady Immi
gration to this section, and the valu
able mining interests to our east, are
certain to keep the business of this
city steadily on the increase.
OUR CONNECTIONS.
Steamer, Rnll nnA Staxe.
From Sun Francisco to Los Angeles
there are four well conducted lines of
transit: the Pacilic Mail Steamship
Company's lino of steamers, the
Goodull, Nelson <fc Perkins lino, the
Southern Pacific Railroad and Coast
stage line, and the Southern Pacific
Railroad and Telegraph stage line.
Stages on the two last named routes
leave the railroad connection with
San Francisco at Bakersfield daily and
make the distance of 100 miles, to San
Fernando hy daylight. The through
fare is $25, including accommodations
on the line.
THE PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COM
PANY.
This company, the largest of all the
American Steamship Companies, own
and have in service 34 ocean steam
ships. The total length of the several
routes of this company is 13,300 nauti
cal miles. The Panama route was es
tablished twenty-five years ago. In
18G7 the China and Japan route was
inaugurated, and in September, 1872,
the P. M. S. S. Co. bought the North
Pacific Transportation Company's
route to San Pedro (tho port of Los
Angeles), San Diego and way ports.
The transfer of this route to the P. M.
S. S. Co. has resulted in great benefit
to Los Angeles county, by increasing
the facilities for business and by
cheapening the rates of transportation
of both passengers and freight. Dur
ing the first year of tlie occupancy of
this route by the P. M. S. S. Co., the
wine interest of Los Angeles county
saved $4,200 in freight on the 170,000
gallons wine shipped direct to New
York; and, though but 282 tons of
wool were forwarded East under
through bills of lading during the
same time, $2,500 of freight money
was saved on that. Had the Pacific
Mail Company not owned the Coast
line, this could not have been accom
plished. But, although the benefits
and improvements in this service in
augurated by the company in the past
have been great, their plans for the
future embrace greatly increased fa
cilities for the people of this section.
The steamers have a wide reputation
as most comfortable passenger ships,
are officered by gentlemen and arc
kept in the best possible condition.
They dispatch a passenger steamer
about every live days from their im
mense covered doc k, foot of Brannen
street, San Francisco, for Santa Bar
bara, Los Angeles and San Diego.
The steamers ply .ng from San Fran
cisco to San Diego, stopping at Wil
mington and principal intermediate
ports, are the Orizaba and Senator,
carrying freight and passengers, and
the Gipsey, carrying combustibles and
other freight. The fare from San
Francisco to the port of Wilmington
is $12 for cabin passage, including
meals and stateroom; steerage, $8.
To reach Los Angeles from tbe
steamer, an additional charge of $2 50
is made for transfer to the railroad
depot and thence by rail to the city,
making the total cost of first-class
passage $14 50. Freight by steamer is
charged at $5 per ton and $5 is added
for lighterage and railroad transfer.
THE OOODALL, NELSON & PERKINS
LINE.
The Goodall, Nelson & Perkins
Steamship Company owns a line of
steamers plying between Sa* Fran
cisco and San Diego, stopping at Wil
mington (the port of Los Angeles) and
all intermediate ports. The steamers
of the line are as follows:
The Ventura, Captain Harloe, 700
tons burthen, carries 150 cabin passen
gers, and is fitted up iv the best style
of sailing craft.
The Wm. Taber, Captain Bogart,
1,000 tons burthen, has a correspond
ing accommodation for cabin passen
gers. She is the' largest and most
commodious steamer on the line.
The Kalorama, Captain Elliott, is
exclusively a freighting steamer, car
rying GOO tons. She is also fitted for
passenger traffic.
Basldes the coastline, this company
owns the Victoria (B. C.) route, upon
which the steamsnip Los Angeles is
at present running; also, the steam
ships Santa Cruz, Menterey, Salinas
and Constantino, touching at all points
ou the coast between San Francisco
and Huenonae.
The passage by this lino from San
Francisco to Wilmington, including
meals and stateroom, is $12; steerage,
$8; freight per ton, $5. The additional
charges for transfer, lighterage and
railroad faro are the same as given
with the previous line.
RAILROADS.
The Southern Pacific Railroad has
four blanches centering at Los Ange
les. The Wilmington branch, running
BOUth, 80 miles; the Anaheim branch,
running .southeast, 30 miles; the Spa
dra branch, running east, 28 miles;
and the San Fernando branch, run
ning north, 21 miles. Tho roads are
under the superintendence of E. E.
Hewitt, and are managed for the best
accommodation of the public in every
way. The fares aro reasonable, and
wo have found the employes uniform
ly polite and accommodating. A more
extended report of tho business of the
road appears elsewhere.
STAGE LINES.
The Coast Stage Line runs from An
aheim (the railroad connection with
Los Angeles) to San Diego, via Rant*
Ana, Tustin City, San Juan Capis
trano, Las Flores, San Luis Key and
Soledad, making the trip through in
24 hours. The fare is fit). Coaches
leave daily.
The Los Angeles and San
Bernardino stage line runs daily
to San Bernardino, connecting with
the Southern Pacific Railroad at
Spadra. The faro in $4 25.
Another line to San Bernardino un
der the superintendence of 11. W.
Robinson runs its stages via Chino,
Itincon and Riverside, carrying the U.
S. mails aud express, leaves Spadra
every Tuesday, Thursday aud Satur
day at Ba. m. The entire trip is made
by daylight, thus affording tourists
and travelers an opportunity of passing
over some of the finest portions of
Southern California. The route passes
through the beautiful colony of River
side and the Chino ranch. Tickets
should be purchased and seats secured
of the agent in Los Angeles.
Two Hues ot stages are also run to
Panamint, the new mining district,
fare, $25.
SEMI-TROPICAL AND OTHER FRUITS.
The Capabilities of I.oa Angeles County
for Their Production— The Present
and Prospective Supply ana J>c
urn ml.
The cultivation of fruit in Los An
geles county is a subject matter diet
ing at this time no little consideration
by the agriculturists of this county.
The books of the County Assessor, for
the year now closed, give 114,903 acres
of medium and good grain and farm
ing land; and 25,738 acres of orchard
and vineyard land, witli water for ir
rigation. They also give 4,250,000 of
bearing grape vines. Of fruit-bearing
trees, the books give 35,700 orange
trees, 7,800 apple trees, 5,000 pear
trees, 13,700 peach trees, 5,3C0 lemon
trees, 5,000 walnut trees, 2,500 fig
trees, 2,200 apricot trees, 1,100 quince
trees, 2,000 olive trees, 900 almond
trees, 500 nectarine trees, and about
600 of various other fruit trees.
The grape vines occupy about 4,250
acres, and tho fruit trees, a trifle over
80,000 in number, occupy about 8,000
acres, making a total of less than
13,000 acres devoted to fruit culture.
Deducting this quantity from the
25,758 acres of irrigable vineyard and
orchard land, of Los Angeles county,
as reported by the Assessor, and their
remains 12,759 acres of orchard land
Id tlie county. It is probable that
the number of acres of irrigable vine
yard and orchard land, as well as the'
number of bearing vines and fruit
trees in the county, is considerably
greater than that which is returned
by the Assessor; and it is undoubt
edly true that a considerable propor
tion of the 114,963 acres, returned as
grain land, is as well adapted to the
production of the orange, and other
fruits, as that which is classed as ir
rigable orchard land. An acre of
land will contain about 50 orange or
lemon trees, or about 125 lime trees.
The yearly product of an orange or
lemon orchard, after it has been ten
years in fruit, may be safely esti
mated at 2,500 per tree. While it is a
popular opinion that the northern
latitudes of the northern temperate
zone are better adapted to the pro
duction of the best quality of the ap
ple, pear aud peach, than the more
southern ones, yet experience thus far
in Los Angeles county, indicates
while the oranges of this county are
unsurpassed by those of any other
country, in deliciousness and good
keeping qualities, the best varieties of
the apple, pear and peach, attain to as
high a degree of excellence here as in
more northern locations. The number
of orange, lime and lemon trees now
in the nurseries of the county, many
of which are of suitable age to be
transplanted into the orchards, can
not be estimated at less than 5,000,000,
and it is not improbable that the
quantity may be nearly double that
number. The number of orange,
lemon and lime trees, which have
been planted in orchards during the
past few years, and which are not yet
bearing, and the increasing annual
product of all those now in fruit, will
probably more than quadruple the
crop before tlie advent of 1880. From
the preceding figures and estimates it
will be seen that the prospective
yearly orange crop of this county will
not be an item of insignificant im
portance. The question now being
considered by some of the most
thoughtful and prudent agriculturists
of this county is whether it is good
policy for them to invest their means
and labor in the rearing of orange,
lemon and lime orchards. Some be
lieve and others fear that within a few
years the orange crop of Los Angeles
county and the product of other parts
of California will exceed the demand
and as a consequence oranges in a few
years will be valueless In this county.
If these premises are true the conclu
sion is unassailable. The question to
be considered, then, is, can this eoun
tj'i together with the other portions of
V "1 lII'WIMWMEr.IIJiHIMif MBIH'IH 'FITffH mrm V mmmmm
the State where the orange will thrive,
glut the available market for oranges,
lemons and limes. With the excep
tion, possibly, of British Colombia,the
market for these products can only be
found within the United States, and
to supply this" market there is the
home product of Florida and the
orange producing islands of the Car
ribean Sea, but a few day's sail from
the ports of the Gulf and Atlantic
States, and the South Sea Islands of
the Pacific. It has, however, been
satisfactorily proven by repeated ex
periments that the Los Angeles or
anges, and probably those grown in
other parts of this State, keep better
and suffer less deterioration from car
riage by land or water than those
grown in more humid climes aad more
Southern latitudes. Oranges fully
ripened upon the trees have been sent,
in different years and at various sea
sons of the year, from this place by
sea to San Francisco und thence over
land to the Atlantic States, where
they arrived in a sound and good con
dition. In June last a box containing
upwards of a hundred oranges, a few
lemons and limes, all fully ripe and
gathered from the trees on the 16th of
that month, was sent by steamer to
San Francisco and thence by rail to
New England, where upon opening
the box only two of the whole number
were found to have the least speck of
decay. And as a matter of no small
importance to the orange growers of
this place, it was-the judgment of those
who ate of them, comprising individu
als who had eaten oranges iv the or
chards of Spain and in those of the
coast and islands of the Mediterranean
Sea, that they were the most delicious
they had ever tasted. It is well known
that people,liviug in a dry atmosphere
and in a climate where the Summer
heat is excessivt but where no tropical
fruits are grown, suffer from a craving
for acidulous fruits and.beverages, not
experienced by those living in
cooler and moist climates. Leav
ing out of tho account the State
of Oregon and the Territory of
Washington and that of Alaska, as
well as British Columbia, there is that
immense region of country stretching
from the borders of the Mississippi
river on tbe east to, and including,the
Sierra Nevada on tlie west, antl from
British America on the north to the
territory of Mexico on the south, the
climate of which is such as will make
any civilized population which shall
inhabit It as great consumers of or
anges, lemons and limes during the
Summer months as their means of
procuring them will permit. And
notwithstanding the millions of or
ange tress in the nurseries of Los An
geles, the population which is now
pouring into that vast country will
increase the number of its inhabitants
more rapidly than can Los Angeles
its orange crop. Tho mineral and
other wealth of that country ts so great
, that the means of purchasing those
commodities which the appetites of
the inhabitants crave will be abund
ant. And it is as certain, that before
the majority of the orange, lemon and
lime trees now growing in the nurser
ies of this county become fruit bearers
there will be ample facilities for send
ing their products by rail from this
place to each and every one of the
States and Territories ef this great in
terior district, as it is that those trees
or any considerable proportion thereof
will ever produce fruit. Another fact,
and it is one of no .small importance to
the orange growers of Los Angeles, is
that the season of tlie year in which
he can gather the crop in its greatest
excellence, is that season, May, June
and July, when its demand for con
sumption will be the greatest through
out all the country before referred to
for a market, and when there can be
but little if any competion by import
ers from abroad. Looking at the fu
ture of the orange trade of Los Angeles
from every conceivable standpoint,
the prospect seems most encouraging,
and without any ill-omened clouds in
the prospect. J. J. W.
In Los Angeles county, during the
year 1874, 40,000 gallons of grain spir
its were distilled, but of late the
whisky stills have not been in opera
tion. About 10,000 gallons of lager
beer, ale and porter are made each
month in the breweries in this city—
the "New York," the " Philadelphia"
and the "City." At O'Mera's ale and
porter manufactory, established in
1874, about 20,000 gallons of Crichton's
celebrated ale is brewed annually. This
county supplies the surrounding
counties and the mining regions of
Southern California with beer and
ale.
Living in Los Augeles is good, and
at prices to suit all tastes. Good board,
with lodging can be had at from $4 50
to $7 per week. At the hotels prices
range from $1 25 to $3 per day. The
markets are well supplied and house
keeping expenses can be brought
down to a very low figure if persons so
desire.
Good mechanics employed here are
paid 50 to $5 50 per day. La
borers receive from $1 50 to $2 50 per
day. Farm hand from $20 to $85 pet
month, witli board. Servants, male
and female, $80 per month.
Oun manufacturing establishments,
woolen mills, planing mills, soap fac
tories, wagon shops, harness and sad
dle manufactories, etc., have all been
busy during the year, owing to in
creased demands from the mines.
Ike culture has been very profitable
iv Los Angeles county. The Leo
Keepers have quite a large associa
tion.

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