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FRIDAY JAN. l, 1875. OUR SCHOOL FACILITIES. PrSffMMSf Our Public nnd IVlvntn Hcbitois — Bright EttneaMeaal Ex hlblt for the Year. One of the first inquiries made by theßtranger contemplating a residence in this section — particularly if he comes here with a brood of children is as to the number and standing of our schools. As good schools reflect the enlightened spirit of any commu nity, they are frequently considered by Immigrants the best possible indi cation by which to be guided in the selection of their future homes. Rich lands, fertile fields, golden orchards, brisk business and balmy climate are all of secondary importance compared with institutions of learniiig,in which sons and daughters can receive that education, accompanied witli training in "good morals and gentle manners," which will make them useful men and women. In this essential adjunct of a well governed section, we are proutl to say that we can offer induce ments to immigrants not excelled by any of our sister counties. Here the invigorating influence of liberal intel lectual and moral training, combined with the genial influence of our cli mate, will conduce to the perfect de velopment of the intellectual and physical man, THE SCHOOL OF THE SISTEBS OF CHARITY. This school for young ladies has been in operation in Los Angeles for nine teen year", and its graduates can be found in all parts of the Pacific coast. It is conducted by the Sisters of St. Vincent of Paul, one of the most worthy orders in the Catholic Church. The Sisters have large buildings, with some fourteen acres of ground in the highest state of cultivation, pur chased years ago for $11,000, its value to-day is ten times that amount. During the year 449 pupils were in at tendance in tlie several departments. Parents and guardians anxious to secure for their daughters or wards a solid education and a pleasant home in a healthy climate and delightful with confidence place them under the care of the Sisters of Charity of Los Augeles. WILSON COLLEGE. This institution of learning, located at Wilmington, is flourishing " like a green bay tree." It was established by the liberality of Hon. B. D. Wilson, who gave buildings wortli !?25,000 and ten acres of land to the Los Angeles Conference of the Methodist Church South, conditioned that the buildings be placed in first-class order and that the institution be recognized by tlie Conference as its only High School in the district. It is on an elegant pla teau, with a magnificent view of mountain, valley and ocean. Rev. A. M. Campbell, pastor of the M. E. Church South in Los Angeles, is the Principal of the College, assisted by a full faculty. Commencing in March last with 22 pupils, it closed its first session a few days ago witk 75 young ladies and gentlemen on its muster roll. Being under the immediate care of one of our most worthy church or ganizations, its increased prosperity is certain. 'ST. Vincent's college, Conducted by the Priests of the con gregation of the Mission, was founded in 1867 and chartered in 1860. The building, of brick, is two stories high with a deep basement. It is large and commodious and located almost on the line of the Spring and Sixth Street Railroad, and is easy of access from any part of the city. The grounds are beautiful, extensive and thickly planted with the various fruit and ornamental trees for which our city is so widely and justly famed. The total valuation of the property, according to the last city assessment, amounted to the sum of $11,520. The course of studies embraces the various depart ments of English literature, the clas . sics, the various branches of mathe matics, the French antl Spanish lan guages and music. The number of pupils during the last term was sixty three. The scholastic year is divided into two terms of five months each, commencing respectively on tho 16th of January and the 16th of August. At the close of each term reports are sent to the parents and guardians of the pupils. THE LOS NIETOS COLLEGIATE INSTI TUTE Is the property of the Los Ange les Annual Conference M. E. Church South, and is under the man agement of a Board of Trustees ap pointed by that body. It is now, and has been the past year, under the prir. --' cipalshipof Dev. S. M. Adams, assisted by Mrs. W. H. Mason and Miss Lucia Moores. Thero have been in attend ance about sixty pupils. The classics, higher mathematics and ornamental branches, together with music and other studies of equal grade are taught, as well as all the rudimentary branch es. The school property comprises a beautiful ten-acre lot of ground one mile from Nietos depot, with two buildings that arc adequate to present wants and that have cost between live and six thousand dollars, three thous and of which has been raised the past year. This enterprise is yet in its infancy, but has given to its friends sanguine hopes of success and further growth as the country fills. That it will be a blessing to our land and tlie pride of the Christian denomination fostering it, is a certainty. OUK CITY PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Los Angeles has as good public schools as any city of its size in the entire Union. During the past year the rapid improvement of these schools has been very satisfactory to their patrons and and a matter of pride to I all our citizens. The elevated and commanding position of the High School building is typical of the esti mation in which the schools are held by the entire community. The fol lowing facts speak for themselves: There are now eighteen teachers in the city schools, an increase of six over last year. Eleven classes are now perfectly graded in accordance with the State School Law. The others are partially graded. The teachers are distributed as follows: uioii school. Dr. W. T. Lucky Principal Miss Komi t 1.. Hawks Assistant ORAMMAR SCHOOL. Miss E. Bengoiißh First Division Mr. 0. H. Kimball, A. M Second " Miss It. M. Palmer " " INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL. Mr. H. A. SnxP First Division Miss E. P. Blxby Second " Miss A. Casiul " " ritIMAUY SCHOOL. Miss E. Russell First Division Miss H. Scott Second " Mrs. 0. Dußois Third " Miss M. 0. Lucky Fourth " BATH STREET SCHOOL. Mr. L. P. Smith Principal Miss E. Rodgcrs s Assistant KIciHTII STREET SCHOOL. Mrs. F. A. Parker Principal SAN PEDRO STREET SCHOOL. Mrs. Emma Onstott Principal AI.AMKIIA STREET SCHOOL. Miss Mary s. Porter Principal COLORED SCHOOL. Mr. Wlthcrow Principal Most of these teachers hold State certificates, and four are regular col lege graduates, qualified to give in struction in Latin, Greek and higher mathematics, The general high stand ard of scholarship and discipline, as well as the very satisfactory results of the last semi-annual examination are unmistakable evidences of tlie quali fication of these teachers. Our city pays good salaries to their instructors of her children and considers the in vestments return satisfactory divi dends. Eight hundred and eighty-eight children were in attendance during the month of October; perhaps more than one thousand attended during the term. This is about equal to the capacity of our school-room accommo dations. More school-houses must be built during the year 1875. If the Compulsory School Law, passed by the last Legislature, is enforced next July, whon it roftlly gjooo iulo t-OV^vt, sittings will be required for at least five hundred additional pupils. The entire expenses of the school department are about $2,000 per month, or $20,000 per annum. The greater partof thisamount,sl2,ooo,will be derived from the State School Fund; the remainder from the county and city taxes. The expenses per child, for tuition, stationery, etc., are twenty dollars per annum. Our schools are now well supplied with books and apparatus. During the year nearly one thousand dollars have been spent iv the purchase of chemicals, and chemical and philo sophical apparatus. The advantages of these instruments in the hands of experienced teachers cannot be too highly appreciated. We congratulate our citizens upon having such facili ties for interesting and instructing their children. While every class in the department is an object of interest, we cannot re frain from calling special attention to the High School. This is now fully organized with the three regular classes. There are eight pupils in the Senior Class, nine in the Middle Class and thirty-five in the Junior Class. The course of study is extensive, em bracing nearly all the studies usually taught in colleges, with the exception of the Latin and Greek languages. These, though optional studies, are now taught as preparatory studies for the State University. This High School, with additional teachers, to be added when the classes become larger, will be the appropriate head of the pub lic schools,not only of the city,but of the entire county, for its doors are open to receive pupils from all the schools of the county. The first class will grad uate from the High School next May. This will be a proud occasion for those who have labored so long to build up our public school system. It will be an era in tlie educational history of our city and valley, that will long be remembered. We have every reason to believe the class will be one of which we may all be proud. In conclusion we must pay a passing compliment to the retiring members of the Board of Education, Messrs. Smith and Prldbam, through whose labors and that of their associates, Messrs. Barrows, Kremer and Dr. Widney, we are enabled to make the flattering report we have above given. If tlie in-coining members, Dr. Kurtz ami Mr. James, labor as.faithfully and the new Board is as harmonious as its predecessors',and the City Superintend ent, Dr. Lucky, continues his zealous efforts, we may expect the coming year will witness improvements in our schools fully equal to the improve ments now anticipated by the most sanguine of our citizens. PUBLIC SCHOOLS OUTSIDE THE CITY. As to the public schools of Los An geles county, we need not fear com parison with counties of this State or of other States, with reference to the ability of the teachers or the advance ment of tlie pupils. The great defect of our system, a want of suitable buildings and school furniture, has been passing away during the p;'st five years, so that at this day the ma jority of the districts have neat, com fortable school botties, well furnished with school apparatus. The following facts are compiled from statistical records in the County Superintendent's office: The teacher 4 are required to pass a thorough examination in all the studies taught in the public schools to obtain certificates. The examinations are conducted bvthe County Hoard of Examination, which, by the law of the State, is composed of the Superin tendent of Schools and three teachers holding first grade certificates. Exam inations are held quarterly, commenc ing the first Wednesday in March, June, September and December, and the sessions last three or four days. Certificates are granted to applicants who may be successful, of first grade certificates, valid three year; second grade, for two years,or third grade for one year. The printed questions used in examination are prepared by the State Board of Examination and sent sealed to every County Superintend ent in the State. There are also State certificates of the same three grades as county certificates, and in addition State diplomas, valid for six years, issued only to persons who have been employed in teaching for five years and who have held a first grade State certificate for at least one year; and life diplomas, issued only to per sons who have been engaged for ten years in teaching and have received the State diploma. The percentage of correct answers required to obtain county certificates Is: for third grade, 60 per cent.; second grade,7s per cent.; first grade, 85 per cent. For State cer tificates: third grade, 75 per cent.; second grade, 80 per cent.; first grade, 85 per cent., and diplomas to those only who have held first grade certifi cates. Of 52 teachers in the county (outside of the city), four hold life diplomas, five State diplomas, nine first grade State certificates.eleven first grade county certificates, eighteen second grade county certificates and five third grade county certificates. The average salary paid teachers in tlie country schools is $80 per month, the extremes being $60 and $100. The schools are in session from six to ten months, averaging eight months. The number of school districts in the county, outside of the city of Los An geles, is 44; the number of teachers employed is 52, and the average daily attendance of pupils about 1,500. The only districts with graded schools em ploying more than one teacher, are: Anaheim, three teachers; Alameda district, in the Los Nietos College settlement, two teachers; Gallatin, two teachers; BosNietos,two teachers; Compton, two teachers; Richland, two teachers, and will probably employ another within three months, and El Monte, two teachers. Fifteen*nf the schools are kept in small houses, but the people in five of the fifteen districts will build new houses within six months at a cost of $1,200 to $2,000 each. During the past year the num ber of new districts organized was five and of new school houses built ten. The expenditures for school pur poses in the county (Los Angeles city not included) the past school year, were Teachers' salaries (24,700 17 Rents, repairs, fuel and contingent expenses 4,801 08 School libraries 700 14 School apparatus 193 IS Sites, buildings and furniture 7,230 20 Total $37,630 27 The estimated value of school prop erty July 1, 1874, was reported by the Trustees as follows: Lota, school-houses and furniture $49,704 ,37 School libraries ,3,7«« 13 School apparatus 1,300 00 Total 804,770 60 These reports are not complete from all the districts, and the total should be fully $60,000. Since July 1. 1874, several districts have built new school-houses and pur chased first-class furniture for the school-rooms, or voted taxes to build houses, as follows: San Gabriel, house nnd furniture $2,500 Alameda, " " " 3,000 Oraugethorpe, " " " 1,500 Cuhuengu, " " '* 1,000 Green Meadows, tux levied 2,000 o<d Mission, •' " 2,000 Elizabeth Luke, " " 750 Some other districts have voted to levy taxes, of which we have no defi nite reports. The foregoing facts and figures show that the public school system of Los Angeles county occupies an advanced position and should be a great induce ment to people in older settled com munities, wno intend to seek new homes, to cast their lot with us. The prospects for more and better work tliis new year are encouraging. Under the new system of apportion ment of public school funds, every dis trict in the State will receive $500 an nually, and those districts with more than 50 children bet ween five and sev enteen years of age will receive from $3 to $5 for each child in addition to the apportionment of $500 to each dis trict. In Los Angeles county the public school funds this year will amount to nearly $70,000. Hon. J. Ross Bkowne, ex-Minister to China,and a newspaper correspond ent of known ability, recently visited Los Angeles, and expresses himself astonished at our wonderful growth and progress. From his letter to the San Francisco Newt Letter we extract the following: And here allow me to note confiden tially, for the benefit of any of my friends who have had no luck in their attempts to replenish the earth, that tliere is something in the air of Los Angeles county, or the tropical vege tation, or the water, or the quality of the soil, that makes many a joyless couple happy who settle there. 1 believe the insurance companies would be willing to issue policies ou risks of that kind for a small premium. There arc ladies who came to Los Augeles a few years ago utterly bereft of hope, now blessed with twins and even triplicates. ABOUT two bnndred marriages were recorded during the year. Many more couples were made happy in this city in 1874. , Mines in Los Angeles County. Although the first gold known to have been found in the .State was ob tained in this county, in ibii'i, in the Santa Clara valley, as yet compara tively little attention lias been given to the development of the mineral wealth of this district. During the year 1874 several mining companies were organized with ample capital and determination to work. During the year just commenced mining oper ations will be active In various parts of Los Angeles county, and the yield of precious ores promises to be largely in excess of that of former years. The Castac mines, In the San Fer nando neighborhood, have excited much attention during the year, aud experienced miners say that there are thousands of acres of as rich gravel there as was ever worked iv California; thsse mines have been worked for 30 years, paying dirt being packed on donkeys four miles to water; a large ditch is being constructed to these mines from Elizabeth Lake, and big results are expected therefrom. Iv the San Gabriel valley rich silver quartz has been worked and fine placer mines in the same neighbor hood; here Dr. Winston and others have gone to work with abundant cap ital. Rich mines have been worked in the Santa Clara valley; the Sierra Madre mountains; the Santa Susana mountains aud in Soledad Pass. Dur ing the year numerous rich discov eries have been made in the immedi ate neighborhood of the city of Los Angeles. Some fifty miles north of the city valuable copper deposits have been unearthed, and during the past month there has been a great excite ment over very rich quicksilver mines discovered in the San Fernando mountains. Near Anaheim, and also near San Fernando, fine marble has been discovered, and immense coal deposits are known to exist in various parts of the county, although as yet deemed inaccessable. The deposits of petroleum at Sau Fernando and else where In the county are simply enor mous. Our mines, when fully devel oped, will be a source of Immense wealth and give support to many in dustries. Mines in San Bernardino and Inyo Counties. In furnishing supplies to the min ing camps in San Bernardino and Inyo counties the merchants of Los Angeles have a profitable trade, and one that is steadily on the increase. Large quantities of the bullion and ores from these mines find their way to market via Los Angeles, and when contemplated roads are built Los An «;<Aco buulncou l.ouoco -will lIuYC H "dead sure thing" on the bulk of this trade. Our farming population will also share in this rich traffic. First in importance come the Pan amint mines. Immense shipments of lumber and supplies have been for warded from here to these mines dur ing the past Fall, and shipments are constantly going ou. A railroad to these mines is tlemanded, and Los Angeles capital will build it. A Her ald correspondent gives the follow ing particulars of this new mining re gion: • These mines are in Inyo county, about 200 miles from Los Angeles city, by an excellent wagon road. The first discoveries were made in April, 1873, but the excitement did not fairly commence until last summer. Over one thousand locations have been made, many of them already devel oped into rich mines. The formation is generally limestone, but many of the ledges are in slate antl granite. Assays and working teßts of the ores show values ranging from $100 to $4,000 per ton, the average being abouts4oo. A large number of the principal mines have passed into the hands of a company known as the Surprise Valley Mill and Water Com pany, represented by Senators Stew art and Jones, of Nevada. The com pany have expended a large sum of money in the purchase and opening of their mines, and are yet at a great expense—though the yield of some of their mines in first-class ore, which they ship to England for reduction, is returning to them much of their outlay. No new minitig district has ever had the advantage of heavy cap ital, as has Panamint, so early in its history. There are yet scores of mines, showing equally as well as those owued by the Stewart-Jones company, awaiting development by labor and capital. About 1,500 persons are now in this mining camp and next Spring the rush promises to be im mense. The best route is by the way of Los Angeles. Fifty miles northeast of Panamint, in the Coso District, gold, silver, lead and quicksilver mines, of equal rich ness with those at Panamint, have been discovered within tho past few months, and tho probilities are that there will bo big excitement at the "Coso" next Spring. A correspond ent has the following to say about these mines: New Coso will in three months at tract more attention than any mining camp on tlie Pacific coast. A party of gentlemen from San Francisco pur chased, a few days ago, interests in one mine amounting to $100,0(10, This is a vast mineral country. Pros pectors aro out in every direction, Coso, Wild Rose, Death Valley antl Argus. Returned prospectors speak very encouragingly of each and every one of them. [ From Cerro Gordo, in Inyo county, large qualities ot lead, in bars, have been forwarded to this city for Ship ment. Of late considerable of this trade has been diverted to the Raker field route, but as soon as the Los An geles and Independence road is com pleted, all tho.ore will be shipped to this place antl all supplies purchased here. The galena ore is mixed with silver—almost pure lead, with suffi cient silver in it to more than pay the cost of reduction. Messrs. Beaudry and Belcher have a large force of miners at work, with complete smelt ing works close at hand. They give the most favorable report for the year —the result being eleven tons of bul lion per day. This yield will be doubled, when the facilities of trans portation are increased. New mines are soon to be opened that will double the product of bullion in this district. From the many rich mines of gold, silver and lead, in San Bernardino couDty, the reports are most favor uble. A Herald correspondent, who visited most of the camps, gives the following mining intelligence: In Bear valley, thirty-five miles by trail, and eighty-five miles by wagon road, from San Bernardino, the gold quartz is exceedingly rich, and ex cellent silver mines are in close prox imity. One hundred Caucasians and thirty Chinamen are employed here —the Chinamen in repairing roads. The pay is $3 per day and board. A new 40-stamp mill is about ready for work. The surrounding country will be thoroughly prospected next Spring, as the experts are sanguine that other rich leads exist in the neighborhood. The facilities for mineral development are splendid. Wood and water are abundant. Holcomb valley, adjoining Bear Valley, is rich in gold ami silver quartz. There are mountains upon mountains of gold quartz, and those interested there are ready to swear "that the region is richer than Corn stock ever dared to be." At Lytle creek, twelve miles from San Bernardino, there are fine placer mines. A company from San Fran cisco are running two hydraulics, and making big money. The Ivanpah mines are rich in silver quartz, assaying from 51,200 to $2,000 per ton. Twenty men are at work with a pulverizer. At Lone valley, and numerous other new mining regions, within forty miles of San Bernardino, fine developments of gold and silver quartz have been made during the year. Oltl miners predict that at least 2,000 pros pectors will be at work inside of three months—if one in twenty Is success ful the yield of precious metals will be wonderfully increased. San Bernardino County. It is an agreeable task for the Her ald to note the increase in population aud the general prosperity of our neighbor to the east—San Bernardino county—during tho past year. This section is irioumiy to our city, uotn by natural aud artificial channels. The trade of that county comes to Los Angeles with as much certainty as the needle points to the north star, and our business men assuredly have a right to rejoice in the prosperity and brilliant prospects of San Bernardino —county and town. This Is the " king county" of the State as far as area is concerned, con taining over ten millions of acres. Its northern and eastern limits abound iv minerals. The valley of San Bernar dino, in the southwestern part of the county, is exceedingly rich in soil sixty miles in length by thirty in breadth—well watered by mountain streams and offering great advantages to the thrifty immigrant. In the centre of this fertile basin is the town of San Bernardino, some ten miles distant from the foothills of the Sierra Nevadas. The town has an ele gant site, and with its broad streets, abundance of fruit and shade trees, its artesian wells and streams of living water coursing along the walks, is sure to gain the favorable opinion of the visitor. At least one hundred artesian wells have been bored within a radius of five miles from the centre of the town—their deptli averaging from 50 to 175 feet. The town has a population of nearly 3,500—an increase of about one thous and during the year. A new Court House and many other buildings are in process of construction. Its deni zens are exceedingly enthusiastic and will wager their "coin" that the town will have 15,000 population inside of five years. Within the year town lots have increased in value from $7 50@, $10 to $20@530 per foot, with an up ward tendency. The climate, outside the basin, is dry and good for the sick, and scores of invalids have here found a refuge. There are several other valleys in the county—San Gorgonlo and Holcomb among them—that are favorable for the potato, corn, barley and wheat. Fruits are prolific, and even the orange nourishes. The country is well timbered and fuel is exceedingly cheap. Aside from the valleys and the mineral-laden moun tains, the county is a desert, entirely wanting In water and prolific in noth ing but sage brush and prickly pear. The population of the entire county does not exceed 10,000, and there are fertile valleys for one hundred times that population. Land is cheap, and now is the time for the over-crowded farmers in the East and North to nii grate to this county. The sheep graze !is immense in extent; bee culture ( will prove remunerative; the vine flourishes; cotton and tobacco have been raised with success. The direct route to San Bernardino is via Los Augeles. By next Spring our railroad] will traverse the county—up to the very mountains. Ur.improved land, with privileges of irrigation, ranges from $25 to $50 per acre. The average yield to the acre is as follows: 20,000 lbs. potatoes; 50 to 70 bushels wheat; 50 t075 bushels barley; 30 to 00 bushels corn—in some bottom lands over one hundred bush els of corn to the acre. Farm hands receive $25 te $30 per month with board; but most of the farm work is done by Mexicans, who receive 75 ets. per diem and board themselves. Compton. Compton, a place of several hundred inhabitants, Is located about mldway between Los Angeles and Wilming ton.ou the L. A. & 8. P. R. R. It takes its name in honor to one of our thor ough going business men, Mr. G. Compton, who came to the golden coast in the days of '49. Six or seven years ago this section was but a barren tract, despite its fruitful soil. Now the aspect is entirely different. The many attractions of its healthful climate, to appreciate which it must be visited, it being situated so as to catch the health-bearing breeze from thrsea, but far enough from the shore that the fragile constitution need not fear, have called in one aftei another, until the inhabitants can now boast of a large, energetic and enterprising community, churches, good schools, isr and whatever else is desirable to ren-i<* der home happy. In this vicinity will be found large bodies of farming land, much of which will produce from 75 to 100 bushels of corn per acre almost evry year without irrigation. Here fine Hows of water from artesian wells of moderate deptli have been very successfully obtained,so that any one, with a little expense, can have plenty of water for the driest year that comes. Considering that a good deal of this land can be bought at from $20 to $30 per acre, and remembering the great productiveness of thesoil,wood having boon grown to such an extent within thelastfouryearsthatit is now hauled to other points for sale, does it not behoove parties of limited (or unlim ited) means seeking a retreat in the land of fruits and flowers, to give it favorable notice? From the farmers in the Compton neighborhood come favorable reports of the year's opera tions. Spadra and the Surrounding Country. The valley of San Jose, in which Spadra is located, eight years ago was almost a barren plain. It has now a population of about 1,000 souls, and there are probably 10,000 acres of land (unsurpassed in the State) under culti vation. The value of land Is from $40 to $100 per acre. All the farmers give favorable reports of the year's crops. There have been within the last year twenty buildings erected, with as mauy miles of new fence put up, by Messrs. Philips, Beach, Rubottom and others. There is a colony located about four miles northeast of the town of Spadra, of some twenty-flve families. They purchased land of Don Pancho Palomores—two thousand acres. In the town there are two wholesale and retail stores, one black smith and wheelwright shop, one livery and sale stable, one hay yard— all doing a good business. There will be a harness shop opened in a few days, with other improvements. The Rubottom House has received since July Ist, 1,500 registered guests, and "Uncle Billy" entertained them all in. good style. The El Monte District. Tho town of El Monte, the first American settlement in the county, is on the line of the railroad, twelve miles east of Los Angeles. It has several good stores, a fine hotel, a first-class school-house, an exceedingly harmonious religious congregation with a substantial house of worship, arid several fraternal organizations. The business of tho town has been excellent during the year and will steadily increase, owing to the general prosperity of its surroundings. The farmers in tho vicinity of El Monte aro all doing well. The soil, generally, is dark and moist, needing no irrigation. It is the best potato* country in Southern California. Corn has yielded well this year, from GO to 100 bushels to the acre. Barley has been too rank. All kinds of vegeta bles have flourished in profusiop. Quite a number of now settlers have come in during the year and tho com munity will be largely increased this year, if the Temple Ranch, a large tract in that section, is subdivided and of fered for sale. First-class farming lands range from $60 to $100 per acre, to tho foot-hills good farms can be purchased at from $25 to $-10 per acre.