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A HIGH TARIFF.
The protectionist (says the Richmond Enquirer) are making a desperate efcrt to increase the tariff at the next session. They rely with confidence on "a re port of Mr. Corwin, setUng iorth lneTiuble frauds under the present svstem. As the issue is to be Sold- y made, it becomes the advocates of the existing tariff, under which the country has moved with un paralleled prosperity, to cripple the batteries of the protectionists. We therefore, take great pleasure in re-publishing the masterly and conclusive broadside oi tne ante commercial correspondent 01 me union. He scatters to the winds Mr. Corwin's flimsy posi tions. The following letter is full of interest, and Will command the attention of all lovers of just and equal administration of the laws. We must confess Mir surprise to see efforts being made at the South to swell the tariff it being conceded that high duties operate as a tax on the South for the benefit of the North : ' ' ' (Correspondence of the Washington Union.; ef Naw York, Oct. 1, 18504 P. M. When we regard the operations-of the present ta riff, iu Sonnexios with its avowed object, as purely a revenue tariff, we become struck with the singular success which has atunded it. There never was, in the history of our government, a tariff which yielded s r rc .nut imir nun tne amouui oi revenue which has been derived trom this. When the ov emment, in 1812, was tench emharassed for means, the swiff of that year was voted for by the late Silts Wright on the ground revenue only a departure from principles of sound economy, which subsequent events have illustrated. Thai tariff remained in ope ration fouryeareand the same period lugs now elap sed under the operation o the present one. The amount of money derived trom each by the federal government lias ueen as ioiiows ; . m f . i aai i i r . j Customs litpcnue or ine ymtrrui uovcriuuw". Tariff of 842. - 'J jnH nt Id IH i m. a . mm a w, ij 1 1 . 1843 1844 1845 1846 10,208,000 29,436,357 30,952,416 26,212,668 1847 13,787,861 1848 1849 1850 3r,757,07l 28,346,738 39,500,376 Total 07,309,441 12352,049 The uresent tariff has yielded over twenty-six mil lions, or 25 per cent, more money' than did the old one in theeame time. The sneers and ridicule with which the 44 rereime ' taraf was ushered into exist ence) are still fresh in the memory bf its friends, and they are content with the inortracalion which Hs ene mies suffer On that score. But perhaps the most grati fying evidence of its soundness, as welfas of the emi nent ability with which its operation was regulated at first, is its absolute freedom from fraud, notwithstand ing therates of duty whfclrit still pawiits on many descriptions of imports. The complete evldencepf this freedom from frauds exists independently of th fact of its yielding such large returns, in the lettered dressed town President of the Senate on the6ltrot September by Mr. Thomas Corw in, Secretary of the Treaeesy. m . There never yet has bean a system of taxation in any age orcouoiry which has not given rise to great frauds in the endeavors of many to escape the full weight of the taxes. The commercial history of all the conntries of Europe or the world is but a record of taxes and the evasions -of there. The desperates rencontres and wild aawentures 6T the smugglers ot Spain, France Italy and" England, to say naming of the China watersand tire coemptions of Mexico, form the romance ot mercantile history. The courage, en ergy, and ingenuity 'of British Smugglers, called in to being by an erroneous customs system, are a nev er-ending source of adventurous anecdote, aft well as of danger and expense to that goveminena Thecue Ve ,d. c,aM of importera profits are less, our . s L St S S L. X 1B WWW SBaBSWea Jafl iAn-ikkAM knatl. a, a kltikA.tn ft manaitAaw aa. . . ,1 expenses ot ineeoaeiguavqMina preventive service oi . m tm & . " " -ft -X I England form a material item in the government out lay ; and yet her customs are deriead trom three or foar aratolaeawly. Thus, ef 1 8,358,827 customs 4,18063 waa derived from ftotiacco, 5,060,860 from tea, 482,169 fare sugar, 747,105 from cot; ee, and 1, 778,844 worn wine making 16,154,941 for five arUehsfand with the exception of tobacco, ber duties do not average 10 percent. In the finited Slates they average 85 per cent. ; and yet, wit hot coast guard or preventive service, frauds are of rare occur rence. These, who opposed the present tariff have since earnestly pressed a change from tne ad valorem system, and for this purpose bey have kept up a con tinual cry of frauds ! frauds ! without proving anyV The Senate at last ordered the Secretary to report up on the subject, and the whole operations of all the ports of entry for four years have been ransacked and investigated, and the result is ofly a few insignifi cant misrepresentations by the Secretary. It was rather sly in the Senate to order the Galphin cabinet to report upon frauds in the revenue, and they did wisely to leave the matter to Mr. Corwin, who was ready to receive the mercantile community, as well as the Military with "bloody hands and hospitable graves." AU that man can do to fasten frauds upon the revenue he has doubtless done, and it "appears only to reiterate those admirable regulations of Mr. mm- ' ai.L I V - waiKer, wnicn nave ueen so sucressim in prevent ing frauds. $ The present tariff, it will be borne in mind, repudi ated all old principles, and commenced with the adop tion of a new one. The protective principle was abandoned, and the revenue principle avowed. The specific system was changed to the ad valorem. As we have remarked, no system of taxation, direct or indirect, ever yet existed that did not engender frauds. Attempts at evasion vary with the mode of the tax. The specific system had been fruitful of such attempts, and the ad valorem system would encounter changed tactics on the part of the roguish. Mr. Walker fore saw this result, and adapted regulations to the changed system, and these regulations have been so effectual that the Secretary cn find no frauds to report. He finds his treausry overflowing from the efTectsw this new tariff and attendant roles, and suspects thai the merchant as well as the cabinet officers cheat the gov ernment, but he cannot shew it. He repeats Mr. Walker's regulations, to show that Mr. Walker ap prehended frauds; but he cannot show that those reg ulations were not effectual. He says that difference of opinion arose as to whether goods should be in voiced at the purchase price, or at the market price on the day of shipment, and thinks that merchants will construe the law in their own favor. If they do, we can see no great atrocity in such a proceeding. He gives a fearful account of possible frauds by un dervaluation, and the only case he quotes is of the three cargoes of pimento, of which, be it remembered, the whole annual import is $161,000 out of $157,000, 000, or one thousandth part ; and even in this ease he shows that the law was effectual, and the proper duties collected. But the astute Secretary was put there to find frauds, end, as he cannot do this, he wants the Senate to take the will for the deed. Hear hire ! 44 There are, however, ninety-five ports of entry where there are no appraisers. From these very few instances have been reported for the detection ef frauds or undervaluations, while there is every reason to be- W .1 m mmW . . . I neve uiai mey are as irequeni ei mese ports as at others." UudouhtedljMnite as "frequent mt these parts at at ofhefii but he fails to show how frequent they are at others. Out of $12352,049 of duties collected, he -4fSL I aW .1 m m. a. . - snows cases wnere, u me irauasnad oeen soccesstut, if any were Intended, the government woold have lost perhaps $1,000 ! What cannot be shown by facts, however, neseawa to attain by falsehood, in the man ner following, to wit : 44 In the last annual report from this department several tables ware inserted, to illustrate the effect of the substitution of duties on the foreign value of mer chandise in place of specific duties. Taking two as examples of the operation of our present system, the attention of the Senate is invited to the result, viz : Maderia Wine. Brandy. For five months ending 30th November, 1830, -under 8pecins duties average value per gallon - For seven months ending 30th June, 1817. under ad valorem duties average value per gallon - -For the year ending 30th , June, 1848, under ad val orem duties average va I- f 1 09 1 07 41 99 ue per gallon -For the. vsar end in tr 30th 48 82 June, 1849, under ad val orem duties avenge val ue per gallon - j - For nine months ending 31st Majcb, I860, under ad valorem duties average 51 65 s"V" - - 48 64 SilPM institaasd by ihts department, it nordeSi 7" that ,he Ta,Qe of articlei did noltleclina m the conntries from which they1 were I inserted, to the extent which the. above table would i indicate : nor did the prises at which they were sold lu consumer Si an cwwim mm wtvjawcu ai in the invoices and entries. TT" It is well-known law of trade, that when the price of an article is raised, by duties ot otherwise, its con sumption diminishes, or other articles are substituted for iu Under the tariff of 1842, wine was charged 25 cents per gallon, and brandy (per gallon; under the pres ent tariff, the former is 40 per cent., and the latter per cent., 100 per cent. The effect of these increased duties was to send a lower quality to this market, because the best became too high to bell. They were prohib ited. The lower had destroyed the trade in the best qualities, and because they no longer came, the sage Njxrtitrv ilMkm fra tut ! He sax s. 44 nrices abroad have njt changed." True; but lower-priced articles am ahinnml Bam. fVovatrt hoi uaa thorn a mm " ri . -- -r- m'iz.ac" hut it is on the part of the Sanretarv. The tables nevermeiess, mere m gross irauu , i - - i I frore which he look these prices are extended hack to 1H43, and we wtti supply the portion winch tlie cat- uiet otacer fraudulently suppressed : Oost Madeira. 1843 ( , 2 29 specific, 1844 1 82 44 1845 1 43 44 1846 111 44 Cost Brandy. 55 specific. 77 44 75 44 87 44 SI M 5 months to Nov., 1846 1 09 iVow why is brandy asa54 cento, under ad valorem duties, more a proof of fraud, that at 55 under a asrci- fie duty? Why did Madeira wine fall ! 20 per gallon, or 5a pet cent, under specific duties ? It a decline in price was no proof ot fraud, then, why is it now, when the natural operation of trade would ex clude the high-priced articles 1 in the case ot brandy, the average price for the four years of the present tariff is 75 cents, ana for the four. years of the old tariff was 73 cents ; that is to say, the duty under the present ad-valorem tariff has averaged $75 per 100 gallons, against $73 under the tariff of 1842. Yet freed is inferred because the price has fluctuated un der, the circumstances of the French revolution ! Of a piece with this bare-faced imposition on the part of the Secretary is the following assertion, show ing a suddenly awakened solicitude for our importing citisens, whom he freely denounces as rogues : 'Hh business of importing merchandise has failen rapidly and permanently into the hands of foreign manufacturers and merchants, and our own citizens n-a . . are deprived of a lucrative employment inconsequence of these' systematic frauds." This is almost too ridiculous to notice, the facts being notoriously the reverse, vis-: jobbers, or middle men, who formerly were the customers for the im porters, havein the last few years, entered so exten sively into awporting themselves as to greatly dimin ish the numbers of importers as a distinct class. It ia the competition of those dealers who come more directly in contact with customers against which the importers have had to contend ; and as capital in creases among this class, thejraportation8 tall more entirely into tlie hands of our own people. This system, by removing one profit between manufacturer and consumer, enables the latter to buy more, and therefore aids in increasing the amount of general business a fact evident in the larire revenues tlie government receives. If the government was cheat ed to the extent that this Secretary with the 44 bloody hands " Would have us believe, whence does it de rive such large customs ? Mr. Abbott Lawrence said that tlie new tariff, if honestly administered, would not yield enough to sustain the credit of the govern ment. It haa yielded 25 per cent, more than the old tariff; and yet the Secretary pretends more is lost by frauds than by that law. The fact is, the trade is larger, and the government revenues are larger, be- -"-j",a wwtic nuncio, anu IsASftftSft MnnUnl afta&afti aaau it 4" J iLla. being content with one profit instead of two; and this result has been greatly aided by the warehouse sys- . r . - m ;.a it I . - irmr which ravors importers witn sman capital, not withstanding the infamous conduct of the collector of this port in needlessly harraseing merchants. Thi SttsatoARD and Roanoke Railroad. We are pleased to lesra from the Norfolk papers that the dif ficulties which have so long delayed the reconstruc tion of this road have at length been removed, and that the work of renewal has already been commenc ed. The road will connect with the Wilmington road at Wefdon, and with the Raleigh near Gaston. It will, when completed, furnish sn unbroken chain of railroad communication from Norfolk to the South. We are pleased also to learn that Wm. Collins, Esq., late First Auditor of the Treasury, has been appointed President of the Company. He is well known in Washington as a man of intelligence and enterprise, possessing that business knowledge and tact which eminently qualify him for his new posi- tion. He is well acquainted with the people of the country through which the road will pass, and will be enabled to make his appointments and contracts in the most judicious manner. The people of Nor folk and Portsmouth owe him a debt of gratitude for it is due to his zealous exertions that this impor tant means of communication is about to be put in operation. The road, when completed, will add much to the prosperity of those towns, and furnish an important link in the line of transit from the south to the seaboard. Union. Lire Insurance. We invite the attention of our readers to the advertisement in another column, of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Compa ny. Life insurance is a subject every way worthy of the serious consideration of our citisens. In all civ ilized and enlightened countries, it has been found of great benefit to persons in moderate circumstan ces and its advantages should he enjoyed by our cit izens. Other Life Companies formed on the mutual principle, have been abundantly successful, so as to leave no doubt aa to the efficiency of such instiutions. and their ability promptly to discharge their obliga tions. The North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Com pany may be truly and emphatically called a Home Institution. It is estimated that hundreds of thou sand at dollars are annually sent from the Southern States, to be invested in Life policies ; surely these investments have not been sent abroad from prefer ence, but rather from necessity. Here then is a South ern Institution claiming the public patronage and support. S Chat. Courier. Military Movements. The Seventh Regiment ot Infantry left Fort Leavenworth on the 15th Sep tember, and arrived by short marches at Council Grove on the 35th. The officers present are : Brevet Lt. Col. Bainbridge, commanding. Field and Staff Major Andrews, Doctors Wood and Hanson; Ll. Ply mpton. Acting Adjutant ; Lieut. Black, Regimental Quartermaster; Lieut. Potter. Assistant Con.missary of Subsistence. Six Foot C'ettMfue B re vet Major Rains, Brevet Major Whiting, Brevet Major Gatlin, Brevet Major Paul, Lieuts. Stevenson and Tyler. Four Mounted Comoanies brevet Major Holmes, Lieuts. Hayman, Henry, and Garland. ' OrdsjS have been sent by express countermanding the destination of this regiment, end directing their return to this department of the army. Si. Louis Republican. Meeting or Directors. The Directors of the North Carolina Rail Road Company met in this place on Thursday evening last all present except Mr. Graham and Mr. Jerkins. John W. Norwood, of Hillsborough, was elected a Director in the place of Wm. A. Graham, resigned. Jed: A. Lindsay tendered his resignation of the of fice of Secretary and Treasurer; but, on the solicita tion of the Board, consented to continue in the office. We learn that lie affairs of the Company were pretty thoroughly talked war, bet ra are not informed tbat any action was taken, or now considered necessa ry, touching the interests of the same. The Board wilt meet next in Raleiirii. on the call of the President. Greensborough Patriot. p -w " A Boston Speculator proposes a plan by which they who choose may go to London and see the big fair, in the Spring, and come back again, all for not more than one hundred dollars, fie says he has ascertained I Hne Of trans-Atlantic navigation. From Cape Cao frsan good authority that, provided one hundred pass- fa. Nova Scotia, to Gal way 'Bay, in Ireland, the dis- """S i a Man inr. uumiiicu, llio piuprifUOrS OI a line Of the first class packets will agree to furnish a passage to Liverpool and back, and provide good accommoda tions and excellent fare, for the sum of sixty dollars each. The whole trip and stay to include about three IK" ,, Who says that Boston is not 44 the city of toss. A Vaouawt's Defence. A fellow taken up as a vagrant, declared that be waa not 44 a man without any visible means of subsistence, as he had just opened a store. " It was found on inquiry, tbat he had opened it withjs crowbar in the night, and un fortunately the store belonged to soother man. Triumphant wifui uw .VMop a it would, to a roe t for a moAt ridiculous exhibition jf wfsknftss, e imbed! it v. and timidity, we never saw or heard of. - Instead of -taking strong, arm, and eeoided ground, t , j i u j i . u . . i : a me ueieguieo uugm au hts uuwv, iu jupniimi hi a renewal of the dangerous reagltation of the slave- ry question, ami against tt iiiiuiu n. oewiru, ana wi his. assftfi tata demagnetise who favored Mstand utho to sebserre "their own purposes, nave renewed tos tstought upon the South TjdPa) nnTj ey contented themselves wB passing a few milk- the? and-water resolutions, renominating the candidates selected by the abolition whig Convention at ayra j cuse, and then, like whipped spaniels tiels. .falliauf into i the ranks of dteir attoonents. and toad Ufa to the very party whom thaW broke mT from on the ground : e I i , m av SueVa course of Conduct ia discreditable and di ! graceful in the extreme, and cannot tail to produce dis- aster, not ooly.to theiwhig party of the NorthrbiK eveniuany, pernaps, to uie junion useir. wnai wui the southern whigs say to this result 1 There isi but one course left for them to pursue; and, in the event of the success of the candidates put forward under such circumstances, they will, we have nt doubt dis claim all connexion with the northern abolition whig party, who, for the purpose of gratifying the ambition of a few palefaced demagogues, would sacrifice their nawMuil characteristics, and engage ina warfare against southern institutions and the, peace and welfare of southern society as now organised. In the southern States the announcement will, without doubt, increase and add to the excitement which already exists there, and give strength and force to the party already very numerous that has been organized on the express ground of secession, in consequence of the crusade which the aboli tionists of the North are conducting against their interests, and against their happiness and social prosperity. Here torefe that crusade has been confined to the ranks of the Garrison fanatics ; but now we see the great whig party of the State of New York, deliberately and de signedly, by resolution, and by forming an abolition platform, cast off its national characteristics, rfhd iden tify itself with men who profess but one idea, and that one hostile to the Sonih, and enlist under the banners of demagogues and disorganized, who would net care' if this glorious Union were shivered to . ... pieces, provided their uuholy ambition and purposes are gratified. Of such a character are Seward, Weed, Greeley, & Co., who are the most dangerous men in the com munity, and whose connection with any party would ruin and destroy it. The well-disposed and national portion of the whig party had hoped that patriotism and sound sense would have triumphed that the na tionality of the whig party of New York would have been preserved and that a new set of candidates, end a new and comprehensive platform, would have I been put forward by the Ltiea convention. But they have been disappointed ; and the foul flag ot aboli tionism and socialism has been unfurled to the breeze, and the whigs of this city and State invited to enrol ; themselves under it to recommence the onslaught on southern institutions as guarantied by the consti tution, and to wage a war of destruction against the commercial interests aud prosperity of tlie North, and especially New York.' It is in vain to argue that such is not the direct aim and tendency of the move ment commenced at Syracuse and consummated at Gen. Singeltary deserves much praise for the mili IJtica. Notwithstanding all of Mr. Washington ye he exeixing and for the jmpr0Ted discip- H ant's special pleading, and the fussy and puerile i ........ . A I resolutions oassed bv the lltiea convention, abolition l,ne w"hieh he is laboring to effect. After all, the ofthe worst and most diabolical character is now the distinctive characteristic of the whig party of New ork, and their aim and object a renewal of the slave ry agitation, and a reopening of the wounds of the republic so recently healed, We saw this result long since and pointed it out in the clearest manner possi ble in our columns. We warned the whig party against being ruled by such demagogues as Seward, Weed, and Greeley, and we predicted that, if they tolerated such men, they would eventually ruin and break down the party. Our predictions were unheed ed : but now thev are verified. Step by step those J .v ' - m .. .. .. . . ' .1 demagogues, like a serpent, entwined themselves W : - . 9 m w m" wftftftas v if ft j 'iii see aim si anui iinv -j v administer the coup de grace, if, indeed, they have not j done so already. The whigs have no one to blame : but themselves. While the enemies in their ranks ! were stabbing their organization to the heart, they ! were sunk in apathy, aud lust to the danger that i threatened them. j According to- the present condition of public feel I ing in the North, aud the numerous unions and alli ances which the abolition whigs have formed with the socialists, anti-renters, and other disorganizes, f ItaU taVhlaT nnHlT ftaaH rt O shnPt tllltO tllAJ V IS. ill there is good reason to fear that the abolition ticket, headed by Washington Hunt, will be successful al tne election which will take place in this Mate next month. We fear that it will be voted for. regardless of the circumstances under which il was Pl,t forward, and Without taking into consideration the important principle that will be in the issue in the contest. . If such should be the case, and the abolition whigs of .New York should triumph, we may expect the com mencement ot an excitement, and a contest between the North and the South, of a more violent and dread ful character than any that ever preceded it. The South will see at once that .they have nothing to hope from the North, and they will retaliate in the most effective manner possible. As it is, organizations against, northern commercial interests have been en tered into in the South. This, however, will be but the beginning of the end. By northern hostility and fanaticism, the South have been driven into manufac turing their staple product on an extensive scale, and a continuance of it wilt force them to build their own ships, and carry on a direct commerce with Europe j Snd the rest of the world. Their latent energies will be awakened, and they will avail themselves of the superabundant advantages which Nature has provided them with, and which are amply sufficient to-render the Southern states totally independent of the North. In such case, what will become of the North ? What IS a mW a. win Deconie ot nortnern manufactures, northern com-; 8eMiou, up to 1848, when he retired to private life, merce, and northern prosperity of every kind 1 Are i . ,0, , , .., . e .u o our people to sacrifice ill-our interests, our pros- ! In 1850 h? WM gn brouglm forward for the Com perity, our commercial vitality to gratify such ambi- i mon by his party, and elected. Mr. Tomlinson was tious demagagues as Seward, Weed, Greeley, & Co.1 an earnest, honest man, full of energy, and remarka What, then, is to be done! We await an answer, j'bly successful in all his undertakings. His death is j.icw x otk neram, uci. in. From Mexico. The Brownsville (Rio Grande) Sentinel, of the 9th, says: 44 We have dates from different parts of Mexico and from the capital to the 17th inst. The contest for the Presidency seems now to be reduced to two aspirants, Arista and Al monte. It is doubtful which of the two will win, as the victory is claimed by the partisan papers of both sides. Arista, however, has carried to the Monitor Repuhlieano, tlie State of Tamaulipas, the cities of Mexico, Puehla, Vara Cruz, and several other places ofl'sser note. "The wisacres in polities pronounce a revolution inevitable, it matters not. which which patty may prove sue- i President. If Arista gams, it cessiui in electing its rresiaent. it Arista gains is held that the Southern and Middle Stains will pro- . aa a a . reB . nou nee against rum, and il Almonte, then the North, bordering on Sierra Madre, will pronounce in his fa- vor. Important and Desirablbpvement. We learn, from good aatbority, that a Movement is on foot, to hold a public meeting, without respect to class or party, of those disposed to abide the recent action of Congress with reference to the slavery question, and thereby to make such a demonstration ol popular aen timent as shall put an effectual end to the agitation of that subject. In this merchants, tradesmen, laboring men, all are interested, because upon internal peace and prosperous commerce depends the welfare and happiness of the most remote of the laboring popu lation. New York Commercial Advertiser. Crossing the Atlantic is Five Dav ! The j citizens of Portland, Me., have petitioned their Leg islature to ascertain ine most practicable route for a railroad from , Bangor in the direction of St. John, New Brunswick, to somegood harbor at Nova Sco tia, or Cape Breton, best fitted for a terminus for a tance is said to be 9,000 miles. Assuming the speed oi sxeam vessels ipoe l? mnes an dour, the ocean will thos be crossed in five days time. Never neglect to read the advertising department of a newspaper, if you would know whereto ley out your money to the best advantage. Competition is at its heigaS, and those who have anything worth buying, at good bargains, alwaya advertise. They know it is the sore way to do a brisk and profitable business ; and by sailing quickly thev are enabled to sell cheaply. Keep the nin sf-tfae advertisements. Sometimes the price of. a whole years subscription is saved by looking closely over the advertisements. iff. RALEIGH: CSDAlf OCTOBE1 OUR SEMI-WEEKLY We continue to receive accessions to our Weekly and eekly . Our terms are now so low that no one who wants a newspaper can reasonably refuse to sub scribe. . We shall certainly commence our Semi-Weekly the 1st of "November. Our terms, after the 1st of No vember, Will be asfollows : For the, Weekly paper 92 in advance; $2 50 within the first six months ; and $3 if not paid within six months. Fw the Semi-Weekly $4 in advance; $4 50 within the first six month: and $5 if not paid within six months. These terms wiltyle rigidly adhered to. The present seserWers to the Standard can avail themselves of the advance payment by settling up arrearages, and taking a new .start ; and those of them who may Wish to transfer their subscriptions to the Sejji-Weekly, can aasfly take advantage of the advance payment on that in tine same way. Jf Werewc sent our PrbspeeteSM in aH dtrectioas. We hope our friends wilt " Uke good care of them" and see that they are filled up. Our thapks ere due especially to these Portranslere who have received subscribers for us, and remitted us money. If we can serve them in any way, in this part of Commonwealth, we shall lie happy to do so. We have also sent Prospectuses to of fices where we have no subscribers. Will the Postmas ters do us the favor to hand them round, or post them up in some conspicuous place ? nFOur first day next ; and our he printed on Saturdays present. THE GENERAL REVIEW. On Thursday last the Militia of Wake County, composing the 35th and 3Gth Regiments, under the command of Colonels Tucker and Witherspoon, were! reviewed in this City by Major General Singeltary and Brigadier General Littlejohn. The day was fine, and the Review went off han somely and to the apparent satisfaction of all. The Regiments were addressed on the field by the two Generals, mainly in relation to the importance of a proper discipline, and in condemnation of the law of the last Legislature, exempting those over thirty-five years of age from military duty. Their remarks were well received; indeed, the feeling against the law above-mentioned, seemed to be unanimous. Gen. Singeltary looked remarkably well on the oc casion, and the same may be said of his brilliant Staff. Nor should we omit allusion to the subordinate offi cers They all performed their duty, so far as we could judge, in a creditable manner ; and as for onr friend, Col. Tucker, of the 35th, we saw no one, from, the Generals down, who 44 sat his horse" better, or who went through the various movements, or turned the various 44 points," with more propriety or skill. militia mast be our dependence in times of trial. It requires experience and training to make regulars. The best regulars were once plain militia-men ; and the best fighters on the Continent were the militia at King's Mountain and Bunker Hill. Every effort, therefore, to keep the ranks of our militia well filled and well trained, is deserving of commendation. We hope these efforts may become general in all parts of the State. Instead of trifling with our militia, and castintr ridicule noon them, let us labor to improve t. am 4ij.;iM anA .k. nMn9M ilm tnr f..in. I ' t emergencies. SKETCHES OF NORTH CAROLINA. We invite the attention of every citizen of the State to Col. Wheeler's Piospectus, in another column, of his 44 Sketches of North Carolina." This is a work which every son of the good old State ought to be proud to welcome to his library. It will contain much valuable and hitherto unpublished matter; and from our knowledge of what it is expected to embrace, we have no hesitation in saying that it must throw no small degree of light upon the early history of the State, especially that of the Revolution and the period immediately preceding that grand event. Col. Wheeler deserves the thanks of the people of the State for his disinterested labors in this depart ment. His book will be so cheap that every one can afford to subscribe for it. Subscriptions to the work will be received at this office, and forwarded to the author; and we hope onr brethren of the Press will generally copy the Prospectus, and act as agents in receiving the names of subscribers in their respective localities. DEATH OF MR. TOMLINSOtf. We announce, with deep regret, the death of James Tomlinson, Esq. of Johnston County. He expired at his residence, on the 23d instant of billons conges lion, in the 48th year of his age. . Mr. Tomlinson was elected to the Commons trom Johnston County in 1834; and wasa member of eith er the Senate or the Commons, at each successive a serious loss to the community of which he was a respected and honored member. We presume the Governor will issue his writ for an election to supply the vacancy, at an early day. Our friends in Johnston have a number of men well qualified for the post ; and we hope they will rally with unanimity upon some one of them, and elect him. We learn that at the recent Meeting of the Direc tors of the Central Rail Road at Greensborough, no part of the Road Was located, the surveys not being ag yei completed. The Directors will meet again in ... , J. n 15 .- : Tj .u mo wnii in aivuuiyvif w iicii 1 1 ia CAjJci; Ur-KJ illc surveys will be finished along the entire line ; and at that time the Road will be located. Of course the spot for the Depot near this place will then be fixed upon ; and we have no doubt, front what we have learned, that it will not be done until after a per sonal inspection of the various localities on each side of the Town, by the Directors. We regret that any feeling should have existed in this community, on the subject of locating the Depot ; and we hope this feeling will now be pot to rest. ' No citizen here can doubt that the Board of Directors will do their dfty In the premises,. with all the lights before them at the time, and after due examination, in person, of the various sited. A Mass Meeting ia soon to be held, in New York City, of the friends of the Constitution and the Un ion, to take the necessary steps to frown down the fanatics and to sustain the Fugitive Ware Law. The Meeting is called by the leading Merchants, who have profited largely by Southern trade. Most of the papers of the efcy are advocating the Meeting, bnt the Tribune and Poet are grumbling and throw ing cold water upon it. We hope the Meeting may be speedily held, and that it may prove beneficial in iu results. t We are gratified to learn that our worthy and indus trious fellow-townsman, George Fisher, haa received the premium of a silver medal for the most improved construction of Saddles, at the Fair of the American Institute, held in New Ysrk Oity the present month . a. .. 'SBMt i tt ma j ?THE FUGITIVE SLA.VE LAW. fit is idle to reason with ana ties, keitas Jews ho clamored for the bjood of Crismfcei are deaf Is aH aloes hot those of Hate, Malisrnitv. and V- NieaneK Nothing ia too Sacred for their eollMincr touch. They live to revile, and they labor to destroy. i ney assume all garbs in which to carry out their! purposes ; and yon will find there as freqnemly in tne Church, under the cloak of sanctity, as out of it. Hot though we mav not re&ftan Willi oiijati non. pie, it is well, occasionally, to expose their fallacies w tt ww ,ii asaaass av w . ft m mm . swsb and rebuke the evil spirit which cnnimio i,. i olstham JdoaA4f the Churches in the Free States have al milv tli (rrnnnninct u Fn.:.;.. oi. . j "- t ugiufc o lave Law, and demanded its repeal. They assert ft to be in vio lation ot the Constitution, and of the still 44 higher law " of God. At a meeting, for instance, of the New Yorli Evangelical ConOremtinnnl Amw.Uk; x O w w mr' ijHft ii held at Poughleepsie on the 8th instant, the follow ing Resolutions were passed : 44 tttmlted. That we cannot reoogHb this law a aj onBiing u upon me cttiseneet our conn try. 1st. Beeause'tt is contrary to the exnress com mand of God. Dent. 23, 16. 17 "Thoto shalt ant not deliver unto his master the servant which is es caned from htstoaster onto thee. Re shall dwell I f . - wttn thee even among yon in that place wjiich snail choose in one of thy gates, where it liketh h thv Bates. wher t kth him .... K 7. ' - - r .... host ttinn .K.l i aWl ,, nj t. - " iuji uwuii wm Hiui. an. 11 ig in nnm.v im. 2d. It is in nnnW .lil. with the provisions of odr National ConstitmiJn. 4th. It prostrates those two great safeguards of hfa novo., cfrn. ana inai oy jury. pth. is revolting to the spontaneous nromotinwn of h.,maA ity. 6th. It brings upon onr Nation the reproach of j injustice and inconsistency, and impairs our influence upon the world for gnod. 7th, In short. 'this law outrages every principle of human feeling, of human ity and religion ; and thus, so far as the principle is concerned, it sndnnovra th liKartv r .., fm , w. cidi w mail. Tit,l f TH . i 1 , "... in,xu, iuu. wiiiie we vocognize tne oniigation to obey the lawa of the land, we make an exception in the ease of all Simh nrnvimnc oi anal mmiui t. 44 higher raws" of God. I tieamved, ITiat we advise all persons to render every needful aid and comfort to FmritivA Slaves. just the same as if there were 'no law in the land forbidding it." Now it is a fact, that the only Biblical authority which these fanatics rely upon or can quote, to justi fy them in refusing- to deliver up fugitive slaves, is an authority which, properly understood, commands by the clearest implication the very act, of justice which they say it binds them to refuse. The Israel ites were a peculiar people. They were blessed with the immediate presence, and held, of all the ex isting nations, the oracles of God. It was their noli. cy to root out and destroy tlie heathen, and this thev effected by fire and sword : but as thev had been nn in bondage themselves in Egypt, they were comand- ed to be kind to 44 strangers "that is, to such of the surrounding nations as escaped to them, and claimed safety and protection. Thus they warred upon na tions, and not upon individuals; and the same policy, enjoined in the above passage from Di&teronomy, which weakened their heathen enemies by holding on to their escaped servants, gave to these servants also the benefits of a better government, and some hope, at least, of an interest in the promised Messiah. Bot the Twelve Tribes held slaves, under an express com mand from the Almighty; and, by implication, the obligation upon the respective Tribes to restore es caped slaves, one to the other, was as clear aa if writ ten in so many words- else all right and justice would have ceased ia the midst of tWis favored people, pro perty of this kind would have been valueless, end anarchy and xuin would have speedily ensued. God spoke in the above passage, not to one of the Tribes, but to all of them he spoke to the Jewish penpfe and, as a matter of coarse, thus addressing them, he meant to be understood as alluding to ajar es escap- ing from the surrounding heathen na tfcls. He was so understood ; and we find this, interpretation is given to this passage by all the Commentators whose writings we have consulted. Thus it will be seen that these Congregational ists have been guilty of perverting the Holy Scriptures-sJ uo ijuunru its language to mean one trr.ng, when it means another, and that, too, to justify them in inflict ing a great wrong upon their neighbors. They must have known better; for they have among them learn ed men, whose duty and business it is to study and , explain the Scriptures. We have said the Jewish people held slaves under an express command from the Almighty. Here is the proof : 44 Moreover, of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land ; and they shall be -your possession. And ye shall take them a an inheritance for your children after you. to inherit them for a possession ; theg shall be your bondmen forever. Leviticus, 25th chapter, 45th and 46th verses. Again, Paul says in his Epistle to the Ephesiane : 44 Servants, be obedient to thnm that are your masters according to the flesh." Again, St. Paul says to Titus : 44 Exhort servants to be obedient onto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again; not purloining, bnt showing all good fidelity," &c. The truth is, the Holy Book is foil and clear npon all these points; and every where in its blessed pages", from the first letter to the last line, he is accounted worthy whether Prince or sub ject, master or slave who performs his duty, in his sphere, according to the best lights he has, and with humble submission to the will of his Creator. These Christians in the free States set up their judgments against that of the Almighty, and blindly strike against all law, order, and. right! Let them hear the language of St. Paul, as he invokes the Di vine vengeance upon their evil deeds : 44 Let- every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God : the powers that be are eta jdainedof God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God : and they that ; resist shall receive to themselves damnation. For I A - rulers are not a terror to good wodre, but to the evil." We verily believe that the AboliHn Ministers of the free States have done more harm in this mattea than the whole Northern population besides; aattthe chief reason is, that they baveft to a great extent, the control of the corrsciansis of their hearers, and they are con stantly engaged ih their unholy work. Such man nstead of preaching peace apd good will, are attrring P rife and enmity among brothers. Instead of subjecting themselves unto tke higher powers, they are advising sedition and insurrection ; for honesty they wools substitute theft, and in the place of the pure word of God, which is Mercy, Justice, and Charity, they would establish the reign of insubor dination and murder, and open upon these States the flood-gates of war and wide-spread carnage. Bnt, we repeat, it is idle to reason with such men, or with their infatuated followers. Abandoned by Heave, I ? .c -I - a-. . sua insiigaiea oy me uevu, no numan power can ra s - i ai s -s a CUa. . strain or control mem ; anu uus agitation on the ca ... oiavery question in us various Shanes and asnects. mast therefore "eoloits end. What Southern man thought, twelve months ago, that the issue would now be the continuance or repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law 1 But so it is! Abolition ism is progressive. The concession of to-day only provokes the demand of to-morrow ; and thos as we are driven back, step by step, we learn to be surprised at no event, however startling, and to compromise over tal interests ! wheal lint fnrmd nui. ... Tl ie & w wui irom t m the i a, m more water than would turn the school -Ll wheal ; bsttt widen, and deepen, with ,U LIS r not closed in time, it resists all attempts to TH it, and oroes forward with , . arrt strength until iu work of ,..:L"y Uetk tr- J-X 9 9 1 'r' THERN 44 UTPR a ist! The Rrtlpirrh U;. j ... . . 1 . ft - J LI nil ... - -sieranu Washineton II 7" U"g f Southern " oltraiats " and So, m " w either of MissaaW.s, uthei - eno,H-, te11I,fora they k 'naUftW ho has at any time ask presses now of an? Sn..,k IkU'hn haa at .: w ""I w aw nine aiKM iiaw i em as involve in ike Slavery nunt; 2 a . wi . . - " f eVrtos wire advocates extreme measnres ; and v butxtme measures oaT the nart nf,i. r . IV ; driven Southern man m ih;ntr r i ... .Ics,lls There are 44 diaunionists " - "i uiasuiill ition ? in the South. K.. sre so from sad necessity. They base been fcJJ? WIS poajtion by the asrjrressinna r,n. 10 i. . mo nisuiis of tK Abolitionists, invited and encouraaed. ; . tew. w ,k . . - " - u,ay m- t-.rr;' J,.r . -"omission to wrong of - 1 HirMi ..i.,.; i-.., . . 0uth ho Rrn mpn. w a immm r iZTm-- ntsviw up no . W -vwwi u .ivyu if l JilNHUIIlIinn'Q Mb. . 1 contreiy we know that the firetaffectiohs of r . . F oat on the menliere "avc m or ine union in Its true snirU . ; 1 a I ! t . m . . nd for t,e vyuusmuiIOB as OUT luthnra mario Constitution as our father m. : !f ui "COnslo-. ! n rnnninj. . iTT. m. ui people of th. repeal of the 5ae Law, or any alteration in it whi,-h ,;n J., . B V -mmmmW , U 1 1 1 I 1 V ft - lts object or destroy its vitality. It they should th tt ,wil deserve to h niii iss t ' .. . r "cal"c.uy their i ante in the free StateSitoNcorned bS all true men throughout the world. Southern 44 oltraiats' and 44 unionists" jll(iee(J , Why, Who is tO blame for thn nraaam - -r .. . . r. . ... owacu, Minna t ivnn tin, tho t.i-. i .1 ci . . . . . . I - wc thai tnpae innrna a will mt l.i U.r ., - i f, m . tjiiui s we ; " mai, unure iney resume their allusions to Southern oltraists, J I i .1 tell llkai. ; r . " "V . nJ 00nern man who m aijr anuc uemanueu oi me tree states than, his rights. Tbat will settle the question as to how much justice there is in these allusions. !?tr0nse8t lTLound of objection to the admis of California as a State urged by the Secessionist and Dwumomsts, waa that it contained what, in Z estimation of Mr. Calhoun, was worse than ten W l ITtArs an uaeuMuve i-roviso. Jie"isltr The "strongest ground of objection"0 amona Southern men to the admission of California, mn ! the broad and naked fact that she was admitted. hly i because she had prohibited Slavery. Does not tlie Register know thjs to be so ? Why, may We ask i that paper were Bot the Californians silent on this qe ' Can that paper tell ? The Register still talks shout 44 Secessionists and Disunionists." Now who aalde these men so ? Hare they not been driven to their present position by the Abolitionists and Freesoilers? And why denounce and abuse them, while the fanatics of the Free States are paraded, by the Register, as in the case of the New York Whigs, as 44 national " Whigs? j What will the Register say and do, if the Fugitive Slave Law should be repealed ? Is that paper will ing to compromise here also 1 Will it stand by that law as it is Let us have the answer yes, or no. A new Prima Donna and rival to Jenny Lind has appeared. She is a native of Glasgow, Scotland, and her name is Christina Dawson. She has been laboring successfully .in Germany, about eighteen months, to perfect herself in the higher branches of W& mnft'wai art. The most flattering accounts have been received of her vocal powers. Have we but one Barnnm ? A Berlin correspondent of a Glas gqw paper says Miss Dawson's voice is from G. be low the lines to "E. in alt. nearly three octaves. With M 88 Dawson, of Glasgow, and Mademoiselle Parade of Genoa, who is shortly to appear at Marc Maretizak's Italian Opera House in New York, the Lind will have to come her 44 echo notes " in the best style to prevent Barunin's present engagements from turning out not quite so golden after all. Where is the other Barnum t Now is the time for B. No. 2 to go in. THE TRUE POLICY. The following Resolutions were unanimously adopt ed at a recent public meeting in Hinds County, Mis- j sissippi : 44 Resolved, That we will not transact any business ' (either by the shipmenf'of cotton to, or the purchase j of goods from) with any merchant in the city of New Orleans who is known to be a fre-soiler in his senti i ments, or unless his long residence in the South and i known opinions have identified him with the South. Resolved, That we will employ no school-teachers ! or patronize any school under the management of ant person or persons who are not known to be wholly ; southern in all their feelings and opinions." In addition to this, we see it stated that the Medical students of Columbia, South Carolina, to the number of fifteen, have resolved not to attend Medical Lectures in any Northern institution. 0 Read the article in another column of this day's paper, from the New York Herald, a neutral paper, showing the surrender of the Whig party of New York into the hands of the Sewarditer. The Kaleigh Register, printed in a doveholding State, endeavors to produce the impression that the Whigs of New York, as at present organized, are fit and worthy as sociates of Southern Whigs'; the Herald an indepen dent paper printed in a free State, demonstrates that Seward ism is in the ascendant in New York, and that if the Whigs carry toe day there on the 5lti of next month, it will be a triumph over the Constitu tion and the South. Which is to be believed die Register, which knows bnt little about public affair? in New York ; or tlie Herald, that knows ewry thing necessary to be known npon the subject f men of reason decide. Let Mountain Barnes. Mr Hayden announces in the last number of this paper, that he has disposed of it to Franklin I. Wilson, Esq., anu that the paper will 44 be continued as a Democratic journal ." w e welcome Mr. Wilson into the ranks. He is an ex cellent writer, and a young gentleman of promise and character. We hope his 4 Banner " may long fl1 in triumph on the mountains. We are requested 40 sMte that Robinson's and W- ! dred's Circus will exhibit in this City during the present month, Tw Circus is said to have been materially enrarpd and improved, and its attractions are of course correspondingly increased. It has six 44 Lady Efoeatrians. " Frencetto Brower is the Clown. Tineb's Almanac. We are indebted to Mr. Tur ner for a copy of his 44 North Carolina Almanac ' or 1851. It is printed in excellent style, and con tains much valuable information. William White. Jr. of the Raleiarh Post office, will fci .a s a i .rinV of a Di accept our manics ior a very nauuBu -"r - ... . DinffiRi in the rectory, containing a nsi oi an me rw-- ITnitot Kiatea It ia inot ill book we neeaeu. ftaaf SSS (VU ftift'ft . . j mmmm-r wmw w There was a frost Throughoii7tbe whole Souta tar as Savanah, on the night of the 21st instant, v had a pretty heavy one here on Sunday night last. Jesse E. Dow. EsqTthe Poet, and author of the 44 Heroic Age," died suddenly at Washington W on Wednesday last. j onr vested rights and