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. MR. DOUGLAS' NEBRASKA BILL. v;.
"We are enabled to lay before bur readers tq-day:
the report of Senator Douglas, accompanying the;
-, bill for organizing the Territory of Nebraska. Upon .
.' perusing this important document, our readers will
'. readily comprehend why we attach so much impor
tance to it . In upholding the policy of the present
administration with such efficiency as we could com
mand,; we have been forced to vindicate the Presi
, . dent as -well', as ourself against the charge of favoring
irce-soilisin and disunionism. Our vindication of
both rested upon the assumption, which we have felt
fully authorized to adopt, that the policy of the ad
v ministration recognises none as orthordox democrats
who do not faithfully abide by, the Compromise of
1850 as a final settlement of the slavery issue. Upon
- this ground we have gone before the country, and
-, upon that issue we have . signally triumphed. The
Nebraska bill is drawn upon the same principles,
r and pr33ent3 an opportunity for a practical vindica-.
V' tion of the policy of the administration, which is
destined to exert a prominent influence on the pub
lic mind.- But so important a document will com-
. - mand universal attention, and noetls no commenaa
tion from us. '.. -.Wash. Union.
The Committee on Territories, to which was re-
ferrcd a bill for an act to establish the Territory of
Nebraska, have given the samo that serious and de
liberate consideration which its great importance de
mands, and beg leave to report it back to the Senate,
. with various amendments, in the form of a substi
tute for the bill.
The principal amendments which your committee
deem it their duty to commend to the favorable ac
tion of the Senate, in a special report, are those in
. which the principles established by the compromise
measures of 1850, so far as they "are applicable to
territorial organization, are proposed to be affirmed
and carried into practical opeiation within the limits
of the new Territory. r - T
The wisdom of those measures is attested not less
by their salutary and beneficial effects in allaying
- sectional agitation and restoring peace and harmony
to an irritated and distracted people, than by the
cordial and almost universal approbation with which
they have been received and sanctioned by the whole
country. In the judgment of your committee, those
.-, measures were intended to have a far more compre
hensive and enduring effect than the mere adjust
ment of the difficulties arising out of the recent ac
quisition of Mexican territory. They were designed
to establish certain great principles, which would
not only furnish adequate remedies for existing evils,
- but, in all time to come, avoid the peri's of a similar
agitation, by withdrawing the question of slavery
- from the halls of Congress and the political arena,
. and committing it to the arbitrament of those who
were immediately interested in, and alone responsi
ble for, its consequences. With the view of con
forming their action to what they regard the settled
- policy of the government, sanctioned by the approv
ing voice of the American people, your committee
have deemed it their duty to incorporate and per
pctuate in their territorial bill the principles and
-spirit of those measure?. -If any other consider
ations were necessary to render the propriety of
, this course imperative upon the committee, they may
be found in the fact that the Nebraska country occu
pies the same relative position to the slavery ques
tion as did New Mexico and Utah when those Terri
tories were organized. It was a disputed point
' , whether slavery was prohibited by law in the coun
try "acquired from Mexico. On the one hand, it was
' contended, as a legal proposition, that slavery hav-
ing been prohibited by the enactments of Mexico,
according to the laws of nations, we received the
country with all its local laws and domestic institu
tions attached to the soil, so far as they did not
. conflict with the constitution of the United States ;
and that a law, cither protecting or prohibiting
slavery, was not. repugnant to that instrument, as
was evidenced by the fact that one half of the States
of the Uuion tolerated, while the other half prohibit
ed, the institution of slavery. On the other hand,
- it was insisted that; by virtue of the constitution of
the United States, every citizen had a right to re
move to any territory of the Union, and carry his
property, with him, under the protection of law,
whether that property consisted in persons or things.
The difficulties arising from this diversity of opinion,
. were greatly aggravated by the fact that there were
many persons, on both sides of the legal controver
sy, who were unwilling to abide the decision of the
' courts on the matters in dispute. Thus, among
those who claimed that the Mexican laws were still
in force, and, consequently, that slavery was already
prohibited in those territories by valid enactment,
there were many who insisted upon Congress - mak
ing the matter certain by enacting another prohibi
tion.' Iniike manner, some of those who argued
that the Mexican laws hid ceased to have any bind
ing force, and that the constitution tolerated and
protected slave property in those territories, were
"unwilling to triist the decision of the courts upon
that point, and insisted that Congress should by di
rect enactment remove all legal obstacles to the in
troduction of slaves into those territories.
' Such being the character of the controversy in
respect to the territory acquired from Mexico, a sim
ilar question has arisen in regard to the right to hold
slaves in the proposed Tterritory of Nebraska, when
the Indian laws shall be withdrawn and the country
thrown open to emigration and settlement By the
8th section of An act to authorize the people of
the Missouri Territory: to form a constitution and
State government, and for the admission of such
State into the Union on an original footing with the
original States, arid to prohibit slavery in certain
i3rf;; ; Territories," approved March C, 1820, it was provi
.v. , led : " That in all territory, ceded by France to the
t",;i.. United States under the '. name of Louisiana,- which
e&--':' lies north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes
'.TfJ: . north! latitude,' not included within the limits of the
State contemplated by this act slavery. and involun
tary .servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of
' crimes whereof the parties shall have ben duly con
victed, shall be, and is : hereby, forever prohibited :
. Prodded, always, That, any person escaping into
..the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully.
claimed in any State or Territory of the United
States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and "
conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or
service as aforesaid." " . ; - , 7- v:
,.v; Under this section, as in the case of the Mexican .
. law in New; Mexico and "Utah, it is a disputed point
whether, slavery is prohibited in the Nebraska coun
try by valid enactment : . The decision of this ques
tion involves the constitutional power of Congress to
pass laws prescribing and regulating the domestic
institutions of the various Territories of the Union
In the opinion of those eminent statesmen who hold
that Congress is invested with no rightful 'authority
io legislate upon the subject of slavery in - the Terri
s. tories, the eighth section of the" act preparatory to "
" the admission of Missouri is null and void; 'while the
prevailing sentiment in a large; portion of the Union
sustains the doctrine that the " constitution of the U-
t hite States give to every citizen an unalienable right
' to. move into any "of the Territories with his proper
ty;, of .whatever kind and description.'and to hold and
. enjoy the same under the . sanction of law.';. Your,
committee do-not feei themselves called upon to en
; terlnto the discussion df Hhesci -controverted ,ques-.
; tions. ; They involve vthcl- same grave ' issues "which"
v "produced thejagitation,; the sectional strife, vand; the
fearful. struggle ol850..v;As . Congress deemed -,it
. . -i wise and prudent to refrain from" deciding - the nat-'
; er in controversy,: then, either bv affirmin!? or re-
;Ppcaling the Mexican laws, or by anfact delaratory of
;-s. tneixMttjmein. vi tue consuiuuon. ana the extent of
it 4ine proiecHon anoraea oy.it ta slave property Inlhe
Territories, so your committee are riot nrcnared now
: tor recommend a: departure from tie course tmrsued
. .uu.iuai MieuiyrauiB ucasion,r ciinerjay anirnnng 'or
- ,repealing4he 8th section, pf -the Missouri act ;: or bv
r -any .acv aeiaraiory-oi ine meaning oi tnevconshtu-
; . pan in respect to the legal pom ts:in dispute. Your
-.committee, deehi 'it fortunate! - for the peace of -the
'. country , and the security, of the Union thai the pon- -
trorersv then resulted itftne adoption of the comnro-
- -,mise. measures,' which the two great, political parties,5'
i with singular unanimiyi'have affirmed as a Car diriak
. .'article of .theiraithJand "proclaimod to. the; world. aa;:
a final settlement of e'epntrpversy aud an end ;of
'"'the agitation. iA'aub. respect therefore, "fqr. the' a-;
vowed 'opiniohs 6f senators ; as well as prpp'er sense'
of patriotic autyt: snjom .upon.youi:; conimittee" the
M principles, arideyeri a literal adoptionof be eriact
meotf, of that adjustment, iii , all "their -territorial
bills si &rM xae -ft vocally IriapplicaMe;
lnose .. enactments
l - :r ! .'.P '7.z7r"i-r"t"'m l-: tor trnlrf . r rv r. .:--;t. vor: wui wir-cun-eci 'notes.- .nrl - riirnian .nwum;uua.v jnuuie,Tuicii, ituib . mo Krauc.; J i -iu uw n iuuow. mr
less material to the matters under consideration, the
following provisions : ; '?.r:,y'. ' '
r When admitted as a State, the. said Territory, or
any "portion of -the same,; shall be received into the Vl
Union, with or without slavery, as their constitution
may prescribe at the time of their admission: ".
- That the legislative power and authority ot said
Territory shall bo vested in the governor and a leg
islative assembly." ;" ' V
. That the legislative power of said Territory shall
extend to all rightful subjects of legislation, consis
tent with tho constitution of the United States and
the provisions of this act j but no law shall bo passod
interfering with the primary disposal of the soil ; no
tax shall be imposed upon tho property of the Unit
ed Sttitcs; nor shall the lands or other property of
non-residents bo taxed higher than the lands or oth
er property of residents. -. .'"
Writs of error, and appeals from the final decis--ions
of said supreme court, shall be allowed, and
may be taken to the Supreme Court of tho United
States, in the same manner and under the same reg
ulations as from "the " circuit courts of the United
States, where the value of the property or the amount
in contrqversj', to be ascertained by the oath or af
firmation of either party, or other competent wit
ness, shall exceed one thousand dollars ; except only
that, in all .cases involving title to slaves, the said
writs of error or appeals shall be allowed and de
cided by the said supreme court, without regard to
the valuo of the matter, property, or title in contro
versy ; and except, also, that a writ or appeal shall
also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United
States, from the decisions of the said supreme court
created by this act, or of any judge thereof, or of
the district courts created by this act, or of any
judge thereof, upon any writ of habeas corpus in
volving the question of personal freedom ; and each
of the said district courts shall have and exercise the
same jurisdiction, in all cases arising under the con
stitution and laws of the United States, as is vested
in the circuit and district courts of the United
States ; and the said supreme and district courts of
the said Territory, and the respective judges there
of, shall and maj' grant writs of habeas corpus in all
cases in which the same are granted by the judges
of the United States in the District of Columbia."
To which may be added the following pi opositiou,;
affirmed by the act of 1850, known as the fugitive
slave law :
That the provisions of the " Act respecting fugi
tives from justice, and persons escaping from the
service of their masters," approved February 12th,
1793, and the provisions of the " Act to amend and
supplementary to the aforesaid act, approved Sep
tember 18th, 1850, shall extend to and be in force
in all the organized Territories," as well as the va
rious States of the Uuion.
From these provisions it is apparent that the com
promise measures of 1850 affirm and rest upon the
following propositions : '
First, that all questions pertaining to slavery in
the Territoriesand in the new States to be formed
therefrom, are to be left to the decision of the peo
ple residing therein, through their appropriate rep
resentatives, to be chosen by them for that purpose.
Second, that "all cases involving title to slaves"
and "questions of personal freedom," arc referred to
the adjudication of the local tribunals, with the right
of appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States--.
Third, that the provisions of the constitution of
the United States in respect to fugitives from service
are to be carried into faithful execution in all " the
organized Territories" the same as in. the States.
The substitute for the bill which your committee
have prepared, and which is "commended to the favo
rable action of the Senate, proposes to carry those
propositions and principles into practical operation,
in the precise language of the compromise measures
Western Demockacv. Wc are pleased to sec in
the Ashcvillc News, a call for a meeting of he Bun
combe democracy to appoint delegates to the Con
vention to be held this spring. Wc hope all the
Western counties will hold meetings and appoint
delegates that will attend the Convention. The
time has been when the voice of the Western de
mocracy was but a feeble cry, and scarcely heard be
yond the shadows of their own mountains. That
voice has been, until rcccntty, overwhelmed by the
loud shout of victorious Whiggery ; but it is now
swelling clearer and clearer, and mingles in harmo
ny with the voice of the State democracy.
" It is true that it is quite inconvenient for Western
gentlemen to attend the Convention in Raleigh, and
we would be gratified if that body would meet at
this point Wc believe it would be more nume
rously attended, and that a fuller expression of the
feeling of the party would bo elicited. Even the
Eastern members could attend with less inconve
nience than those from '.he extreme West But let
that body meet where it may, we trust the West
will be fully represented. She owes it to herself to
let her scutiments be heard, and wc urge upon our
fricn&i of this soction the necessity of taking such
steps a will insure their representation.
The West has heretofore been the stronghold of
Whiggery in this State, and the call for its. "thun
der" was answered for many 3-ears with peals that
I were deafening to democracy ; but the light of truth
has shone in among the mountains, and as a natu
ral consequence Whiggery has waned and democra
cy flourished. What was formerly the first Con
gressional district of the State gave Mr. Manly a ma
jority of about 3000 in 1848; in 1850 that majority
was reduced to about 2000,and in 1852 it came down
to about 1500. Thus we see half the power of
Whiggery destroyed in four years, and in four more
we hope to sec the other half share the same fate.
The Western Democrats have every thing to en
courage them. From a hopeless and despised mi-norit-
they have risen to prominence and a position
mat commands respect ana aeierencc. l,qi incir
voice be heard in the Convention with their breth
ren from the East and centre, andwc have no doubt
that a selection will be made of a candidate for Gov
ernor, upon whom all can unite with 'an enthusiasm
that will insure his triumphant election.
, ; , . Salisbury Isanner.
Ocr Father. Often in the morning when we
awaken, we hear a little childish voice saying, "come
Bobby let's say our prayers," and then together both
little voices offer up - the most beautiful of all pcti
tions - . .
Our Father which art in Ilcaven." -' '
AH over the world! in castle and hall, by the prince
and peasant is that most beautitul prayer repeated
-but above all, it sounds sweetest when lisped by
the sunny-haired child at it s mother s knee. - Mark
the little bending form the i hair put "softly back;
the tiny white hands folded, the reverncd glance bent
towards hers, as though it. was a Saviour in its moth
er's eyes. , "''. ' , ;. -. .i . .
Jitessed little children! What, a dreary : waste.
what a jfl'ide.. and ir unless, wilderness., would this
world fee without them I IIow often the toiling moth
er wakes almost despairing there is no food in the
house-r-her ceaseless laborwill hardly buy bread.' '.v
f As she looks upon the red jsun, With sad forebod-ings--knqws
not, how to procure a meal for her little
ones sweetly steal upon her senses, the murmuring
of infant, voices.1' She - listens. Her very, babes are
looking trustingly, towards heaven. Thcv have hush
ed their sports, and kneeling together by their poor
vcou'ch' they say:T '..-;.,-. -,;-,r
Uive us this day oiir daily bread." r , ; '
iier squi grows strong within her ; she knows God
will never forsake her and with tears she thanks
Hinir that she ever taught them how to pray.' . - '
: Andarel.here little children who never sav "Our
Father l" J . Are there mothers so lost'o kll that i
holy and beautiful in heaven and on earth; that thev
yui lucu ujiu i sieep wunout teaching them upon
whose arm they rest? Wheri meht folds her BtArrv
V curtain above, them, arid the moon "looks 'down' Rif-
kvering the meadows and spangling the trees, do they
uvriiusm nuy- iu tus -, gooaness made . all . this
beauty? and how witii sweet confidence they should
.trust inl!im'i :-; SA;jv;-.v.- L r-;..
We turn suddcnlv"fr6m ".thtP- nitnm' f
repea.ted v4 Our Father.? at theii Vtiva.. -
wuu uawvuvi. ioicuu. it rour.ni nron .hit npnr
teach. them riowihen'vbu arftlvfno-n" vor mUnt
b...?)..t.Mreiiiurj,i)i-iiBi 111 we sentence. riead s
.jlvek: The -PhuadelnhiaHii ikVt
s0 timeiTyihg in theMint
' ".wnmiion ot dollars in silver coin,
jpady to bo furnished to Sriff apDricani invexchfin
rnot into,temptation,"ariay bear them safely through
y'??z-if?rr. "t 1 ' .'. . . - .1 .... ..At.;v
v It is vain to deny to Jackson a title to . greatness."
He achieved great things, and won a succession of
splendid triumphs, unequalled in the history of any
man, save one 'of his generation. He achieved theru,-
ot by the force of accident but because of the pow
er within him. it is idle to discuss the . ability , or
the merits of a man, who, in different, and these the
highest, departments of human enterprise; succeeds,
not in one department, -or as to one measure, but in
all departments and in all things, throughout a long
succession of years and of struggles, against the
greatest and most various opposition. Such success
es do not come by chance. But if we will not take
this general conclusion, let us .look to particulars..
What did he accomplish? . He raised himself, in a
profession the least suited ta his genius, of all others,
at a time of life when men of real merit are only pre
paring themselves for local distinction,' to the offices
of Attorney General and of Judge, and when the
scene changed from peace to war, he rose at once ta
the post of General, and, in a few months, won the
most brilliant successes and the brightest laurels of
the war, and placed himself side by side with the
great captains of the world. He took his seat in the
jjenate of the United States ; he was soon the strong
est candidate before the people for President, bear
ing the palm from tho veteran politicians and estab
lished statesmen of the country. Defeated in the
house by politicians, he turned defeat into victory,
and established upon it a sure and lasting ascenden
dency. He was lifted by the strongest tide of per
sonal popularity to the first office of his country, and
held power against an opposition more powerful than
ever before assailed an administration. But he did
much more than this ; he impressed his name and
character upon the country more deeply than any
man the father of his country only excepted, ever
did, before or after him. He gave a fresh and
awakening influence to tho popular mind taught
more effectively than Jefferson, the masses their pow
er, threw off the influence of old politicians, and
started the government and the people onward in a
new and more impulsive career. He opened a new
era in American politics, with new measures, new
ideas, And new politicians. He founded a party more
perfect in its organization, more lasting in its dura
tion than any before established giving its own lino
of statesmen and its own course of policy to the coun
try ; a party from which was to rise a stronger influ
ence upon the world and the indefinite increase of the
wealth, territory and population of the republic. He
consolidated the strength and energies of the govern
ment ; made it formidable, feared and respected by
foreign powers; insomuch that he addressed the
head of the second power of Europe with the impe
rious tone of a rich creditor pursuing a bilking bank
rupt, and forced him to settlement of a claim upon
an open threat of chastisement. He found a con
federacy and left an empire. He altered the mon
etary system of government struck down the Bank
of the United States raised up and sustained the
State Banks, and finally blew them up as so many
torpedoes ; and, for a time, nearly abolished the whole
credit system of a great trading people. He struck
down the doctrines of States' Rights in their sanc
tions and substance, and in their strongholds, and
with them, the flower of the disciples of that school
towhom he had owed his elevation, in great part;
and established national doctrines and ideas which
placed the government on the basis vainly before
contended for by Washington and Marshall. He
subdued the Senate. He placed his rejected minis
ter at its head ; it rebuked his course. He made it
draw black lines around its records; and he raised up
another, if not two, presidents to rule after ho had
withdrawn from office ; and continued after his re
tirement, and to the close of his life, the ruling spirit
of his own party. This he did without the aid of the
politicians he needed no conduit between himstlf
and the people. He operated directly upon the pub
lic mind ; indeed, the most popular of his followers
held his popularity on the tenure of his will and as
a reflection of his chiefs; desertion of him and his
cause was popular ostacism. If he were powerful
enough to raise up whom he chose 'he was power
ful enough to put down whom he chose. His name
and his influence were as pervasive as the atmos
phere; it fixed the selection and promotion of the
cabinet minister, even of the President and also
that of the lowest official of an obscure municipality.
Mr. Calhoun was sitting upon the comfortable
perch of the Vice Presidency, thinking no harm,
evidently quite content with the prospect before
fmn. It was seemingly a good time for him. His
foible was not supposed to be a criaiinal indifference,
much less an unconquerable aversion to the high
posts of the public service. He was young just
reaching the meridian glory of faculties equal to the
discharge of any civic duty to which he could be
called ; he had already won the highest distinction ;
and he had won it without calling into service half
of the talent he possessed. Jackson was in the hey
day of a popularity such as 110 man of his country,
its father and founder only excepted, had ever held;
and he was Jackson's lieutenant; and yet so uncx
ceptionably had he borne himself, that, though iden
tified with the administration and its early supporter,
he had given no offence to the opposition ; indeed he
had run upon its ticket, too, for Vice President
States Rights doctrines were in the ascendant, and
the executive countenance shone kindly upon them
and their supporters. The long sighted politicians
had began to look upon him and fawn around him
as the successor ; Clay was under the ban ; the m an
of Braintrcc, like a greater, was on his ocean rack;
Crawford was a paralytic ho and what stood be
tween him and Dwight's prediction, or rather the
fulfilment of it? Serenely we may imagine him
gazing through the bow-window of the Capitol, up
towards that building at the other end of the avenue,
and bethinking him that only a few more years,
with all the accidents which might shorten that pe
riod in his favour, stood between him and the gold
en guerdon for which so many hearts were fevering.
Jackson's angry stamp disturbed the reverie, and
with that stamp the platform fwl beneath him, and
he dropped down a thousand feet into the political
house below ! Where were now the legions of
friends with whom his slightest utteranco was the
definition of a proverb " tho con'denscd wisdom of
lie counted them at break of day,
But wheu the sun set, where were lliey ?
Who offended Jackson was doomed. Like a migh
ty Nimrod, he threw his lariat from the Capitol, and
throttled and broke down to death or submission
the most powerful senators even at the remotest
corner of the republic. . Talent and genius, and
learning, and eloquence, and statesmanship cor
doned themselves around him in strenuous warfare :
but his single arm, like Murat's on the Mount of
Transfiguration, rolled back the brilliant charge and
left him still unhurt not - a feather of . his -plume
away in possession of the heights of powcr.i
' And, finally according to Thomas' Marshall, when
he was about quitting the world, ho turned . Presby
terian and trampled Satan under foot, the' last, and,
perhaps, the greatest of his victories. '- ; ' '.
. It may well be doubted if the records f ancient
or of modern times transmit or exhibit to us a name
more distinguished for sublime and unfaltering cour
age than that of Andrew Jackson. He never seemed
to rise to, but ever to stand level with, its loftiest
exigencies. -There was nothing in the shape of
danger or responsibility which he feared to brave
not to meet merely," but to go in quest of not to
endure, but to defy and to master.- He was chary
of his fame ; he loved applause ; but when did he
pause in the execution of a purpose to count its cost
to: his reputation, or when did he ever falter when
the chivalry arid the flower of his early and better
supporters deserted his banners .by battalions? . If
anything can appal a-, politician's heart or stay his
hand, civil war may do it . - But in the case of South
Carolina; he contemplated that result and prepared
10r.11 wun me cooiness ana determination of a common-place
business matter.' V ' Ho stood forth -a necu-
liar and original man in -.the great attribute of' con
ceiving And executing purposes and plans, from the
very, contemplation of -which common-place vpoliti-
'VvJ.4: .&wthsrn Ziierary-Messenger.:
SpwiN(VtrNo tW Sifo'V. vTha"p of.
wp uccdsiug me wneat crop in tne Spring,- remains:
up to wis time, one pfvdoubt; , At the ' Agricultural
- Fair ini Richmond the information" waji iiht fni
but could not bo elicited: This will ho" th .. W
Uongerj for; are surpris'odJof a number of ecntlei
"v jc Buyut wwp uress tneir. wheat croo bv
j .sowing guano on.the present covering of snow. " Tho
vwuiu yi iuew gequemen , rui te valuables and
Wa Kara ,111 1 1 1 ' " . - - .
Tf i - '"p - - penm;enpf the fcirtd
' .v- V - -';; '-ul'o.th Standard.;.
: i . PROF. IIEDRICKS '-ANALYSES.V' ; v.
5 An analysis of .soil furnished by Mr.. L. F. Siler, of
Cherokee county, N. by Benjamin S. Hedrick,
" Professor of Agriculture and Analytical Chemis-
try, in the University of North Carolina : '
Water, . ; - ' .; ' '..' . ..-, 9.C5
Insoluble silica and alumina (sand and clay) : C8.84
Soluble silica . ',. ; '.' . .' 1.27
Soluble alumina '' .' . . , ; ; . . ' . 7.72
Peroxide of iron . '. . "i ; , ' . 2.72
Oxide of Manganese . . . . . ' .60
Lime . ' . .'"'."."- ''., '"'18'
Potassa ; '. '. .V ;" . "
Soda ." : r
Magnesia (a trace) - . " ; - . 4 . ' .00
Chloride of Sodium -. . ' . 1 V ; - .'' ' .05
Phosphoric acid ' . . ". .03
Sulphuric acid . . . . . . .04
Humic acid ... ' '. . . . . " 1.30
Other organic matter . . . . '. 7,08
Loss , . . . . . . . .39
An analysis of Marl, from Wayne county specimen
marked " Griswold's, No. 1 : from the hill on tho
river," by B. S. Hedrick, Professor iof Agricul
tural and Analytical Chemistry, in the Universi
ty of N. Carolina: .
Water- . 1.38
Insoluble silica and silicate of alumina ' . . 38.78
Soluble silica . . . . . . .25
Alumina, soluble in hydrochloric acid .'- . LOG
Oxide of iron . . . ... .20
Oxide of Manganese . . . . . .19
Carbonate of lime . ... 51. G6
Carbonate of iron . . . ... 2.30
Potassa .' C7
Soda . ...... 2.17
Magnesia (a trace) .00
Phosphoric acid .70
Sulphuric acid . . . . . .28
Chlorine . .07
Loss . . ... . . .23
Mr. IIoldes : In a late number of the " Standard "
I noticed the above analyses of soil and marl which
are said to have been made. by Prof. Hedrick, who
has lately received the appointment of Professor of
Agricultural and Analytical Chemistry -in the Uni
versity. I have often wondered that such a Profes
sorship has not been established there before, but I
suppo c that it might be said that this one instance
of neglect should not be singled out from a multi
tude of others as a matter of astonishment, when it
is recollected that our State has so justly been styled
the Kip an inkle of the Union. Ot the applica
tion of science to agriculture, I have been long con
vinced, not only from the strong reasoning which it
carries with it, but from the many practical illustra
tions which I have witnessed.
Personally, I know nothing of Prof. Hedrick, but
must conclude that he is a gentleman of good private
charactcr,or he would not have received the position
at the hands of the Trustees which he now holds.
But I do say that if the two above analyses arc to
bo taken as critcrions of his qualifications, that he
is unqualified, and do not ask the pub'.ic to take my
word lor it but hear my reasons for making the
statement The fact of these analyses being placed
before the public, would justify the conclusion that
they are specimens of what the future analyses will
be which may be made by the gentleman. 'That all
experiments in the various branches of science which
arc made public are open to criticism, cannot be de
nied, and that it is the duly of every friend of science
t ) put error to flight, come whence it may. It is with
these convictions that I undertake to satisfy every
unprejudiced man that the analyses alluded to arc en
tirely incorrect, and are not calculated to advance
the farming interest of the State, which I understand
was the object in view when it was proposed to es
tablish this connection with the University. By re
ference to the anah'sis of Mr. Siler's soil it will be
seen that it is not classsificd at all : there is. from the
analysis, no telling whether it is a clay, sandy, or
loamy soil. The amount taken for experiment
is not as much as it shonld have been by three
fourths, for the reason that by bavins four hundred
instead of one hundred grains for experiment the
smaller elements could ha7c been reduced to the pro
per per cent. In estimating- the elements. Alumina
and Silica, (sand and clay) there is no separation
made of the two, which should have been done, by
which means the soil could easily have been classed.
The amount of phosphoric acid is estimated to be
03, (three one hundreths of a grain,) which I con-
tjnd is a smaller quantity than any means for weigh
ing which arc in existence can detect There is also
a trace of magnesia noted, and in the estimate mark
ed nothing, what is the use of this I cannot sec.
In calculating the loss sustained in carrying one
hundred grains of common earth through the vari
ous processes requisite lor the completion of an
analysis, it is here reported 3tf (thirty-six one hun
dredths of a grain) which is a smaller quantity than
it is at all reasonable would be lost. Only think of
the different times that evaporation, filtration andde
cantation are practiced by which the soil is so often
changed from one vessel to another. This ought to
satisfy any one of the impossibility of its being ac
complished with so little loss as is here reported.
Let any farmer in. our State, with perhaps few ex
ceptions, take this analysis of the soil from the farm
of Mr. Siler, and I am sure he would not know any
more of what it would require for its renovation af
ter, looking at it than before, to say nothing of his
knowledge of where he could get. the fertilisers at
such a cost as to justify their application. It seems
to me about equal to a physician sitting down and '
writing in medical technics a prescription for a mem
ber of a farmer's family, and telling him to go to his
office and get the constituents. The duty of an Ag
ricultural Chemist in North Carolina at present,
must, it seems to me, go farther than laying before
our farmers a simple analysis of their soils; he must
go on and tell them where they are to get the matcri- I
als to supply the wanting elements and also what
will correct such as are present, and inflict an inju
ry upon their crops..' I assure the farmers of North
Carolina that it requires something for a Chemist to
know at present besides originating speculations and
hypotheses in the Laboratory ; he must have some
practical experience in field experiments. -1 shall,
for the present, not speak of the analysis of marl
made from the farm of Mr. Griswold ; but that it is
erroneous I am prepared to prove, and will do so if
occasion requires. I have, as - most people in the
State know, been battling in defence of agricultural
science for some time -past, and. before-1 undertook'
to set myself up as a teacher in it, I applied myself
closely for four years or more f in gaining a knowl
edge of the .theory as well - as tho practice of good
farming ; and I still cling to the position with which
I first started out, to put error to flight come whence
it may ; so that this is my: apology for troubling the
pulic at this time. ' v - . V. F. TOMPKINS.
o-:!- .- ' " ' '
'Eclipses, for toe Year; ..In the year 1854 there
will be two Eclipses of the Sun and two of the Moon.
' 1. The Moon will be partially eclipsed on the 12th
of May, beginning at 10h. 52m. a.'m., consequently
invisible to us. -i ; . - -v-? '
2.Thcre will be an annular eclipse of the Sun on
the 26th May, visible as follows: - v .;
-Beginning at 4h. l0 tn. greatest obscuration 4h:
36 m. ;' end, Gh. 84m.; pm. ' . ;' r. ' . -'"."', .' " '
. ; ' Eclipse begins 147 degrees, 52 minutes, from vor
tex to tho right . ' -. :. '- .-c
Digita, eclipsed "10 J on the Northern Limb.':; '
'. The line of central and annular 'eclipse passes
through 'a portion of the' Northern portion of the
; Northern part of the , United States-; and : Southern
part of British America. ? - -r. - v. ; -
Y; This will tho largest eclipse visible in the United
States until the year 1900, when the Sun will be 'to'
-tallp eclipsecv the centre passing near- Washington
'." 8. 7 A'partial eclipse of tho Mooriwill occur on the
,.4tKof Novcmbci, t 4hllm. p. :'m.';' invisible, i The
Moon ' will rise - with a ; light shade on its Northern
limbVv - . .;-:- . .7
: : ,4. The Sun kBI bo totally eclipsed on the Oth of
. November the middle occurring at oh 14m, a. ut,
'invisible.-'. Theeclipse - will bo central and total -in
I v DoW-Bkow Tno t)uke of Argyll-tig we gather.
K from"n.-Sfjftto.h r.nir?dri!fiis ?n"Rrfm lntha''rirlA-
inJarown Carnage drawn by two--brown; horses;
and'eterythinfifin hia-house at ; Inrerarr; is brown.
from the paper on the -frails io ihechair covers ,ah4
. ' the Southern part of Africa,' 'South America, and
the Southern Ocean.' t r. -' " V- " "
' V ".'v.-
, - i .
: In this CHtjr, on theHth 1nt, at 7 o'clock A. it, byJha :
Rer. Ir. Lftcy, Ur.-James C. N." Bonner to J&i as Elizabeth.
"Aahler,- daughter of the lat William Ashley. - " " ; '. "y
In the vicinity Of Eagle Rock, Wake county, on the STlh
Dec., bv Win. Hood, Esq, r John ;Earp,' Esq., 'oN Mia Par-,
' theni Modlin, daughter of Kinchin Medlint Eaq. - '""';
On the Srd of Janoanr, 18M, in the vicinity of Wakefield, -Wake
couotr, by Wm. IL Hood, Esq John Faaon, Ean., to
Miss Mary lUley, daughter of Mrs. Mary Riley, all of Wake.'.
WTTfAYNE INSTITUTE & NOFUfAL COL
?f LEGE. GOLDSBOROCOU, N. C WM. ROBIN
SON, President, and Principal of the Ctaxsical Department
' John Robinson, Principal of the English Department, and
I'm feasor of Mathematics.
. . Miss Emily Webb, Principal of the Female Schools. '
- TRUSTEES. -"' '
Hon. Thos. Rnffin, Wm. K. Lane, Richard Washington.
John A. Green, Wm. T. Di.Hch, J. J. Baker, Wm. B. Ed
mundson, John T. Kennedy, Council Best, Wm. C. Bryan,
and William Robiuson. . . - 1
TJie Spring Session of each year will open on the 1st Mon
day in January, and close on the 4th Friday in Mar. - -
The Full term will open On the 1st Monday in July, and .
c!oe on the 4th Friday in November.
The school is in a flourishing condition, and the large
number of students already in attendance, fully attests the
wide spread reputation of "Mr. Robinson as a thorough and
practical teacher, who, with -competent assistants, are labor
ing ith indefatigable zeal, fur the prosperity of the Institu
tion. : ...
There will be an Annual Examination at the close of each
Spring Term, and -in .order to prepare creditably for this, it
is earnestly desired that students should be always present
at the openi up of each session. . -
For rates of tuition, terms of admission Ac, address the
Principal. JOHN A. GREEN, Secretary.
Goldsborongh, Nor. 2, 1853. 104 15J.
VALUABLE REAL" ESTA?TEFOR SALE.
The subscriber offers his 'entire Jieal KttaU for sale,
upon which Si WO acres are cleared and well iuiproTed, with
a new and commodious Dwelling House and all necessary
out houses. The farm is well improved and soil produces
kindly all of the products generally grown in the Eastern
part of North Carolina. There are enough Turpentiue Lands
adjoining and attached to the farm to work irom 60 to 70
active hands; S2 sets of boxes cut and ready for immediate
use, and round pine enouerh to cut nearly or quite as many
more. Two stills, well fitted up and in good order, with a
new Grist and Steam Saw Mill for the convenience of the
farm and Turpentine operations, 'and a new Vesset, all of
which will be sold if application be made before 1st Janua
ry next. Terms will be accommodating. - A sufficient num
ber of Waggons and Teams, and stock of every kind, with a
year's provision will oe furnished to the purchaser on liber
al terms, if desirable. Persons wishing to make a valuable
investment are requested to come and examine the premi
ses. The subscriber 1ms also 12o servants, say GO men, balance
women, boys, girls and children ; amongst'the men are valu
able coopers, carpenters and a first rate blacksmith, the most
of whom can be had by the purchaser, if desirable, on liber
al and accommodating terms. Come and see
JOHN A. AYIRETT.
Catherine Lake, Onslow Co., Nov. 8, 1S33. 10a tl stJ.
PLEASANT GROVE FEMALE INSTITUTE,
Frankliu County, N, C. The ilth Session of this School
will commence under the charge of Miss Harriet N. Adams,
on the 1st Monday in January. The situation 14 one of the
most healthv in the State, c'fihl miles south of the White
Sulphur ana the Sbocco Sprinps. The young Ladies will
have every facility afforded them in the prosecution of iheir
studies, and will be under the immediate care of M:s Ad
ams and Mrs. Branch, both in and out of School. This In
stitution is of hejirtt order, and those who avail themselves
of its advantage will not be disappointed.
Those residing: in the lower Couuties,who desire health
and comfort, together with a good opportunity of acquiring
useful instruction, both in Literary and ornamental educa
tion, will do well to give this School a trial.
TEUMS PER SESS.OS.
Higher English brunches, $12,50
I,oiver ' " 10,00
Music on Piano, 12..10
Drawing and French, each, 5,00
Needle work gratis.
Board per month, 7 50
Address, Wm. J. BRANCH,
December S, 1S53.
"IT OUIsnt RC 31 ALE ACADEMY. WM. A.
MJk WATKINS, Principal. JOS. J. AVtKITT, Asst:ate
Thc next Scssiou will commence on the first Monday in Jan.
uary, 1354, aud coutinue five niouiua.
Orthography, Reading, Writing Geography, Arith
luetic and English Grammar,
Higher English Branches, Mathematics, Ancient Lan
unless in cases of protracted
Board iH-r month can be had at &9.
Mr. Watkins is a Teacher of several years experience,
and furnishes the highest testimonials of'qnafication from
the Faculty of Emory & Henry College, of which he is a
graduate, as-well as from a number of gentlemen of high
standing in the. neighborhood where be las been teaching.
The Trustees therefore. Lave every reason to regard them
selves as fortunate in securing his services as Principal ot
Mr. Averitt bears with him a Diploma on the Latin Lan
guage, aud several distinctions on other branches, from the
University of Virginia. It is proposed to give instruction
in the French aud Spanish Languages to those who may
desire it. JoiiL KING.
Pres't of the Board of Trustees.
December 1, 153. joOl Sw.
XFORD) FE3IALE COLLKCK THE NEXT
Session will commence on the first Mundav in Jauuarv.
KATES TC1TIOX ( PAYABLE OXE HALF IX ADVANCE.)
Ftir Ucmlincr. Writine. with the first rudiments
of English Grammar and Geography,
English Grammar, Geography aud Arithmetic,
For any thing higher,
For the College Classos, (without any extra
cl large for the Languages,)
Music on Piano,
Use of Iusirumeuf,
The same on Gnitar,
Drawing and Painting
Board jer month,
Wahinr per month.
Musical Soirees will be given during each term.
J. 1. uliAMll,
Sec'y of Board of Trustees.
December 19, 1S53. . 10 lyw.
THE SUBSCRIBER liaviug been North and purchas
ed a larce assortment of Italian and American Marble for
Monument, Tomb, and llrad-ttone. and Hearth, -Paint-
ttone, Slab for-Aorfa fount, JUilfriT Slab, and Nova Scotia
Grind-atone, solicits tho patronage of the citizens of Raleigh
aud the surrounding country, lie invites the citizens to
call and sec his monuments, tomb and head-stones and drafts,
or send their orders, which will be punctually attended to.
The subscriber has been in busiuess in this place sixteen
years, and yon can refer to any of the citizens of Raleigh;
His Marble-Yard is ten minutes' walk from the State House,
at the Sonth-East Corner of the Gravevard.
The Subscriber has examined the Northern prices, and has'
no ncsnaiion in saying ne can no worK on as reasonable
terms as any. WILLIAM STRONACH. .
Raleigh, Sept. 8. 18.'?- . . 8i
ASONIC- CLASSICAL- INSTITUTE AT
ROXBOKOUGU, N. C The exercises of the Spring
Session of this Institution will commence on THURSDAY,'
19th January next. - :
Tuition per Session of five months : : '-.;. " . ...
- Classics and higher branches of Mathematics, ,i $15,00
English Grammar, Geography, Ac., - - -' . 10,00
.Primary branches, -. :-:'.-": -.750
;o deduction for absence except in case of protracted
. Board can be had in ' private families' from $6 to $7 per
month., '"-f-;' . - . . .-c -----
Roxborough is situated in a high and elevated section'of
eonotrr, proverbial for health, which makes it a desirable
fjlace for educational purposes.' This, with the cheapness of
iving, recommends this Institution to parents and guar
dians who have sons and wards to educate. - None, howev
er, need make application except those of good moral char
acter. " JAS. H. WOODY, l'rincipal
... " ' TlCITIIl. ;
Alkxaxdir Waleer, r
Geokge Daniel, ,
W. O. Bowler, -'
: JSO. BaIRD. - ' '-
- 1004 w4w.
C. S. W instead, :
.C. H. Joan ax, ;
, Jxo. A. Baksett,
- December 24, 1853.
M ADISON SCHOOL. FOR YOUNG LADIES.
Suitable buildings have been erected for th
. of establishing a permanent Female School in the town of
- This, village is situated In a very healthy' locationTin
Rockingham county, about fifteen miles west of Wentworth.
,The year will be divided into two sessions of re months
each. The first session will begin on the first Thursday id
January, 1854, and end on the first Thursday in June. The
second session wilt begin on the first Thursday in July and
end on the first Thursda.in December.- - , .
- - The whole expense per session for Boarding and Tuition,
will be abou $50,. except or Music . and other, ornamental
branches..'. ..t".-'-'- i
For fiirfher particulars apply to the Principah -' T-' --'
w-. - : - -'-Ret. JACOB:DOLE:,
-Madison,-a.-y Dec 25, 1853. ,v is AXJ:
HAYEQ-bU HEARD THE GLORIOUS NEWSTHAT
W. 11. ADDINGTON t CO. are turning their immense
stock of Boots, Shoes and Trunks into Cash It 1 The chance
is still going on, and since we advertised to close ant- our
.Fait and .Winter stock.it greatly; reduced price there baa
: oeen a sieaay. jncreasjngN"rusn. and excitement,' and it vf;
our aeiemunation to. keep it op by offering greater bargains
- than ever, until -the-whole' atook' shall be closed ofiL ;.,
;.- iW have still- left a large stock-of. coarse' Brogaai-'-iuid
.unea and bound ifrogans, GenUVWaterJEYoof Boots and
lyress.voou, hoy s ixxs ana snoes 01 every kind.- ladies
Gaiter Boots and Shoes, Jenny Lind Boote and Son tag Boots
tipn all of which must and shall be sold by1 Christmas at
. some price. br'other. . -Z 'i-y'-'-i.Jl ' : -v - v
i' ' We wish Jto make clean .swRen k1ilr'if Wn
r 'any Boots or Shoes to bur.- rememhM- th Mtnr;i,i ;. n&
lerrag oargm,nB, ana corneal once to the Ladies' Shoe Saloon. I
MlINGPrELlJ MAXEAND FEMALE y
STLTUTE. The first session of thi. aCtX1. 1.'
inence on "the Wh January, under the snperintV0-
The School is situated on the Kewbern road, in Tr,
eonnty, eight miles East of Raleigh, ia a healthyind
able neighborhood, and offers favorable inducements tii"
who desire to educate their children in the country
1 - "'y '..: -.teems: .-- '
Tuition, per session of five months, in the English br.j
Do. . y do. -.:. . in Frencl., extra,' ; - . S
Do. doJ; in Music, extra. ; "
Use of Piano, - 4
Board, inchidin? fbel and lierhts. convenient tn n.. c .
can be had for five dollars per month: u,
The Trustees have heen ao.fortunate as to secure th
Tices, in the Musical Department, .of Mr. Karl W
of Raleigh....;..;--:.- - W. J. BUSnEE"
Dec. 27,153. . . ' ; r - - y
CRANE'S CREEK ACADEMY, JWo
A. C The second session of this scliooL located
miles east of Carthage, and near the Faretteville and lr
ern Plank Road, will commence on Tnesdav, the Sd of j1"
uarrnext. ,'-.; V. .. - J-
Tuition pa jablo in advance, $8, $10, $12 50 tnd is
session. - , " .
Student scan be prepared here for the Uuiversitv of v .
Carolina. ; - - - "ni
Board and washing can be obtained in the neighborly
convenient to the Academr, at from $5 to $7 per n
For further particulars direct (post paid I to the PrirJl .
Cane's Creek P0, N. C- 1 Ark BLACK, Pri" W
DeccmbenTth, 1853. '
Hf The Spirit of the Age and Wilmington Joonjl'tn
please copy 5 times and forward accounts to A. R. g
Holly Spring High Literary School.
THE SPRING SESSION OF THIS SCHOOL
commence on the second MONDAY in January bi
and continue fire months. The Trustees hare secured
services of Mr. M. Y. Chappell, Principal, under ii.
charge the School has been so ably conducted durin!
terxs or admittance.
First Class, comprising the Elementary English BranrU.
per session, .. - v
Second Class, " . More advanced English branch !i
Third " " Language,
Tuition will be exacted from each scholar, regalarirlZ
tered, from the time of entrance to the close of the StiiiT
except in cases of protracted illness; but 'subscriber wll
have the privilige of sending one other scholar to make n
the lost time of a regular scuolar, if desired. , '
This School is situated in a neighborhood justly etV-bnt j
for its piety, good order, and healthy location, aud Kttl
ing few, if any, of those temptations to vice and iuinionli.
ty which are unfortunately possessed by some.
Board, in good Jamilics, can ke obtained at the low nr
of $5 to $6 per month. Parents or Guardians who ui,?
give their sons or wards a thorough preparatory edncatiJT
at little cost, would do well to send them to this ScIhiJ.
For further particulars address the Rev. P. w
President Board Trustees, or
D. B. HOLLAND. Rec'd SecV
T 1 ,0 or. ' Holly Spring X. C.
December 19, 1858. JiViWCw
N. B. The Trustees of said fhool are specially rroooj.
cd to meet on the first day of the Session.
D. B. HRec K
... un m,,m mmnnmy. MISS JL. Jfc 1 LSAfiJW
rcHmanthio, LfjlUk J! ranch c. Miss A. E. Kiacco' t'si
tar. Eutfliik llranche. '
The uext Session begins the 1st Monday in Januarr
Board and washing, $45 per session. Tuition as tmufriV'
The situation has superior advantages as regards healili vi
good society. Persons desiring fiirther inforniatioa ij
have a Circular forwarded on applicati-n to the l'riwiial.
JOHN D. HAWKIXs"
I'resideut of the lku4. '
December 1 , ISZZ. lool 5c
WARRENTON FEMALE INSTITUTE
The SOth scmi-annunl Session of this lnxtituiioa e3
commence on the 1st MOXDAY iu January, Is-51.
Pupils will be received at anv time during the Session mi
charged oxlt from the time ("entrance. For Circa law and
further particulars apply to the Principals,
GRAVES & WILC0Y,
Warrenton, X. C
December 16, 1S33. 5m.
XFORD MALE ACAJDEMY. J. H. HOEXri
Principal. T. J. HORXEK. Anittant. The next
sion will ojK-h on the 9th of Januarr, and close ou the
Tttition in the ClasMcal Department...
" English " .... $12 50ad15
BoanI in the family of the Principal, (per month,l..19
in the village, (per month,) '
Oxford, Granviile, N. C., Dec. 1, IS33. 5 t;iU.
ELECT CLASSICAL AND MATH EM ATI.
l3CAL SCHOOL, WARRENTON, N. C. R. A. EZELL
A. Mn Principal, assisted by competent Instrnctor. 71
Spring Session will commence on the second Mondiv is
IVard for the session of five months, $in
i- uei ana ugnis in Koom,
Tuition in Langn-tgcs and Mathematics,
in English Branches,
M m in French, (extra,)
Fuel in School Room,
For particulars sec Catalogue. -
Warrenton, Dec. 10, 1&53.
CAJrTALIA MALE AND FEMALE INKTI
T UTES. Cahtlia, Aim (bmj, X. C Rev. JOHX
C. AVERITT, Principal Male Department; Mrs. 11ELES
A. EKITT, lYincJal Female Deirtment. The ntx
session of these Institutions will open on the first aIimkUt
in January, and close the last Friday in May. Term of ti
it ion etuc as heretofne.
Those desiring more particular information can oblaint
Circular by addressing John A. Harrison, Bclforn, XaA
County, N. C.
Cast'alia. Nash Count v. N. C Nov. 24. 1 63. 1 Ml 5L
WARRENTON N. C. FEMALE SEMIX1
The next Session of this Institution will chb
menceou MONDAY the 16lh of January ensuing. T
corps of Teachers will consist of ten or more, experience
in their various department. Professor Vincent L'zanb
will again have charge of the Musical Department wui
competent Assistants. .
The situation of the Seminary is beautiful, with ample
space for exercise and recreation. Those who niav dcm
more minute information as to terms, io, can have a Cir
cular sent to their address.
. ' DANIEL TURNER, Principal
Warrenton, N. Dec 16, 1853. . 10 ti J.
ACRES OF VALUAULFLANDI
fPPJ FDR SALE. Situated in Greene Coontt,
14 miles east of Goldsboro' and 8 -miles from the Kailrac
Survey from Goldsboro' to Beaufort. There are"0acw
of the land cleared, lying in about s square and very level;
and there remains between 200 and 3W acres of fioe lan
uncleared adjoining the cleared lands. The balance in gool
timber and turpentine lands. . This place is not inferior t
any place in the country in point of health, fertility, conte
nience to manage, ease of cultivation, or for fertiliiinp sk
stances to improve the production of the soil. The leaca
are among the best in the country; the place is in good re
pair. - There are two two story dwellings and all necessary
out houses, all in good repair. On an equal division of "
land persons wishing to purchase can do so on easy toitf
commodating terms. .
-. For further information'apply to the subscriber pemiBJ
ly or by letter.- Address ; - JESSE HARDY,
. - Snow Hill, Greene Countv, X. C.
Nov. 16, 1858. .1 ... v. -- ' r $m.
STATE OF NORTH-CAROLlNA.-mr Co
TT, . Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, November
Term, A. D, 1858. . Thinias Moore and wife, and others .
James Griffinj Ex'r of Elizabeth Nelson, dee'd, and othert.
Petition for account and settlement. " '
In this ease it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court
that Ann Elizabeth Nelson, James M. - Nelson and Wilts
W. Nelson, children of. William Nelson, doe'd, are non-re
dents of this State; it is ordered that . publication be m
in the North Carolina Standard for six successive week
the said Ann Elizabeth, James M. and William W. Xe!s"
be, appear at our next Court of Pleas and Quarter SesMosS
to be held for the County f Pitt, at the Court-hotr
Greenville, on the first Monday of February next to ple4
answer or demur to said petition or the same will be ul
pro confesso as to them and tried accordingly. ,
W itnesa, nenry Shepperd, Clerk of our said Court
fice in GreenyUle, the first Monday of November, A. P,!
' ' ''""-- H. jsHEPPEKl), Ont.
reeeuTiiie, Apt 17, 1853. Pr. adv. $5.6j.)
OTICE. WISHING TO ABANDON FABMI58
altogether. I nrorjose to sfll mr tn4 of Und atntsiawt
810 seres, immediately on Roanoke River,' six miles bek
Gaston. v Xbe lands are the best on the" Roanoke, cannot st
overflowed, and well adapted to the cultivation of Vbert
Tobacco, or Cotton, one-half of which is in s fine state
pasturage or cultivation; comfortable- Dwelling and
houses. - Price $8,000 in payments to suit purcWn,
if desired 125 bead of -bogs, and 80 bead of catt!e,aod !
12 likely young negroes, raised on said plantation, togeti
With ray present yeaxs' crop of Corn, Cotton, Ac, Ac. Tlx
wwhing to view the premises, will call on B. Moore at boa
Vi! - ' - ' -r ; .' 37 '. BALLARD MOORt
-.- Mbnnt Pleasant, Northamptoikt
October Sd, 1853.- - V VTt :
, 1 v NIEMEYER & .WHITE,
COMMISSION METICH ANTS AND GENEBAl
r?( rjf PRODUCE BROKERS -'-'f
Offer 4helr services' to the Shinnrn'irr Plan tin ir. Trading
Manufacturing Interests. , . . ..-.
J'ISH-VS wUl give striet- attention to Shipping or Selwf
Tobmoco, Xotton, Flour, Grain, Proyisjons, Lumber,
Navsl Stores; and Forwarding Merchandise with Despst
I ,-Lime, Plaster. Guano, Cement and Salt, always on tow
, ..Hehbt. Snaitn,' i V : - - - James C. White.
v -AngnstStb, 1853; ; - 'y
iTOKOTtECTION? AGAINST COLD THE
A4-.dersigned begs iessre to inform tbe dtisens of wjfJZ
that beMMjost opened an entire stock or READY-MAI
.CLOTHING, TOnsisting of Over-Coat, Dress Coats, Buid
i3oalv Cloaks, Pants,-Tests, Ac, all of which are warrsn
oi ue oest make, and to be sold at the lowest possioic r,
cea..- Persons in want of articles in his line would do
toivs him s calL.v- r - hi BRANDT, . .
s f. -V-U?- .c i. .7 At Mr. Nqethah's Old Stsni)
V Saiithfleld, K. C, December 5th, m.
TT OUISBURR FEMALE SEMINAR Y.-FiA.
JLJlin County, N. C. A. H. RAY and JAXE A RlV
Principal and Ttaclier in the Solid Urunche. Miw llV
Cruris, l'iann Vocal iliwie. MlS. P. Adams. Piam V.'
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