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RALEIGH, SATURDAY, NOV. 6, 1858.
HOLDEN k WILSON, Statb Printers,
AUTHORIZED PUBLISHERS OF TBI LAWS OF TBS UNITED STATES.
The Opposition North and South.
In New York as in Pennsylvania, the administra
tion of Mr. Buchanan has had to contend not only
with the Black Republicans and Know Nothings, but
with the Douglas and Forney men, under the name
of anti-Lecomptonites. Constantly proclaiming that
Kansas is a dead issue that the whole question has
been settled by the people of Kansas themselves by
their rejection of Lecompton,' these men neverthe
less oppose and denounce the administration, and
thus show their insincerity and treachery. They
are warring, not upon the Lecompton constitution,
but on Mr. Buchanan, and the South. Their very
life is agitation ; and this agitation against our Con
stitutional rights, as Mr. Calhoun foretold in his last
speech in the Senate eight years ago, "will go to its
In nearly every Congressional District in New
York these anti-Lecomptonites have been at work.
The following extract from a New York paper as to
two Districts, tells the story as to the whole State :
" In the fifth District Mr. Maclay the present De
mocratic member is a candidate for re-election. He
isa gentleman of ability, cultivation and personal
character. Being a rigid party supporter of the Ad
ministration, the opponents of its Lecompton policy
have nominated Philip Hamilton, Esq., a Democrat
who sympathizes with Senator Douglas against him.
Mr. II. is a man of position and character, and will
receive the support of the Republicans, and proba
bly of many Americans, though the latter have a
candidate, Mr. G. C. Deane in the Geld.
In the Brooklyn District there is a variety of can
didates, sufficient to satisfy the most fastidious. Mr.
George Taylor, the present incumbent, receives the
active support of the administration, while Mr. E. C.
Litchfield is the candidate of the disaffected Demo
crats. Mr. James Humphrey is the candidate of the
Republicans, and Mr. E.T. Backhouse of the Ameri
cans. Personally, they are all men of good charac
ter and of fair abilities." " ' '
In the fifth District, Mr. Hamilton, " a Democrat
who sympathizes with Senator Douglas," opposes
"a rigid party supporter of the administration," and
in the Brooklyn District Mr. Litchfield " is the can
didate of the disafFected" or anti-Lecompton " Dem
ocrats." In the" Westchester District John B. Has
kin, anti-Lecompton - Democrat, was a candidate for
re-election. He voted against the admission of Kan
sas with the Lecompton .Constitution. , John Mc
Keon, formerly U. S. District Attorney for' New York,
and who was removed by Mr. Buchanan for his in
terference in the New Yoik City elections last year,
made a speech for Haskin on Saturday evening last,
in the course of which he said :
" Mr. Buchanan has shown himself true to his old
federal instincts. What I am struggling for now is
to cut the Democratic nartv loose from him. If the
Democratic party does not let him go, he will drag
it down into the abyss as sure as we live."
Of course Mr. McKeon is a violent anti-Lecompton
man, and goes with Douglas and Forney.
But Mr. Haskin spoke for himself at the same
meeting, and in the course of his remarks said ,
"But he John Van Buren has sold himself, as
Jfr. Buchanan has, to the South, and now let the
South take care oj him. I ask not the South to take
care of me." 1
Again, Mr. Senator Seward, who is the head and
life of the Black Republican party, and who has di
lated time and again upon the Lecompton "outrage,"
made a speech at Rochester on the 25th of last
toonth, in which he reiterated bis abolition princi
ples, and unfolded his plans for surrounding and de
stroying the institution of slavery. In this speech
he maintains that the issue between the North and
the South is whether the latter shall be free territory
r the former slaveholding ; or in other words, he
declares that the contest shall go on until slavery is
abolished in the States. He says he does not mean
that this is to be done in any other way " than
through the action of the several States, co-operating
w'th the federal government, and all acting in strict
conformity with their respective constitutions."
Tht is, the South is to be destroyed within-, the
Jormt of the Constitution. Mr. Seward adds that
tn"eis only one way in which this w8rk can be
Ju commenced and carried out, and that is by
permanently dislodging the Democratic party from
w government." He then goes on to argue that the
Democratic party is 4 inextricably committed to the
Designs of the slaveholder," and that its very const!-
ution "commits it to execute all the designs of the
holders." This clear-headed, cold-blooded, ma-
"gnant leader of the abolitionists does not nause to
consider details; but though, like others of the op
Position in all parts ol the country, he makes capital
utof the " extravagance" of the administration and
Jges still greater bounties and still greater "protec
mak l What i8 Called VAmencan industry," he
for 8the cause of anti-slavery paramount, and looks
part' t0 the overthrow of the national De'mbcratic
J as the first step towards the consummation of.
his purposes. "Down with Mr. twtianim " Vd
McKeonr the imra(MUnU-icomVtonite;'' in New
'YorkT"down?with'Mrrfinchrti ffVh .fiAn.i
Democratic part," says Mr. Seward, the leader of
the abolitionists ; " down with -Mr. Buchanan," is
the echo which is returned to McKeon, and Seward,
and Forney from the ultra Know Nothings of the
South! , Washington. Hunt, of New York, an bid
line Whig Of some distinction, has just advised his
friends in that State to unite with the Black Repub
licans to defeat the administration that administra
tion which, as John B. Ilaskin, the anti Lecompton-ite-,
says has "sold" itself to the South; and the
Raleigh Register publishes Mr. Hunt's letter and ex
presses its sincere hope" that " his invocation for
a united opposition against the present profligate ad
ministration will meet with a cordial response from
every man to whom it is addressed." That is, the
Raleigh Register advised the old line AVhigs and
Know Nothings in that State to tote the union, or
fusion, or Black Republican ticket against the Dem
ocratic ticket 1 No do.ubt they did so on Tuesday
last, and the probability is that the Black Republi
cans have carried the State. Of course, as the Reg
ister advised its friends to act thus, it will rejoice
over the Black Republican triumph which they have
thus assisted in achieving.
Can it be possible, with such men as Haskin, For
ney, Seward, Hunt, Greely, and Webb bearing down
upon us with the determination to limit slavery and
then destroy it, that we are to be divided here at
home? We will soon know. 1860 will tell the story
of Southern union against aggression, or of Southern
division and disaster.
Specie ix toe United States. Hunt's Merchants'
Magazine for November, has some statistics of inter
est on this subject, from which we gather the follow
ing facts: In 1821 there was about $37,000,000 of
specie in the United States. From that time up to
1849 the production of our n ines was $13,811,206,
the imports of specie $242,239,061, and the exports
$180,596,664, leaving in the country in 1849 $111,
453,603. In 1849 we began to receive gold from
California, and from 1849 to 1857 inclusive, the
amount of coinage at our Mints of gold and silver, was
$426,349,428. During this period the export of our
coin has been $278,477,120, leaving a balance in our
favor of $147,872,308; making, with the amount in
circulation in 1849, the sum of $259,325,911 as the
specie circulation of the United States in 1857.
In addition to this the Commissioners at Castle
Garden, New York, where three-fourths of the im
migrants into the Union arrive, have ascertained that
the specie brought by them averages $100 per head,
which they admit they have in their possession. The
number of immigrants that have arrived since 1843
is 3,653,460, which at $100 each, would give the
enormous sum of $363,546,000, or a sum equal to
the product of California. This is assumed to be
ample to cover all unreported outgoes from the coun
try. The mixed circulation of the country has nearly
doubled since 1848, but it is mostly in specie. The
paper has increased $20,000,000, but the specie has
Virginia. The Democratic Convention to nomi
nate a candidate for Governor, will assemble in Pe
tersburg on the 1st of next month. Meanwhile the
strife between portions of the party as to who shall
be the nominee, continues. This is to be regretted.
We feel sure, however, that after the nomination shall
have been made all portions of the part', forgetting
their personal preferences, will rally to the standard
of Democracy. The Richmond Enquirer is exceed
ingly hostile to Mr. Letcher, and is doing all it can
to prevent his nomination. That paper of Wednes
day says :
"We admit that we have never regarded Mr.
Letcher as one of those " giant sons of earth," who
can pluck his brightest laurels from the grasp of ad
versity. There are, indeed, few such men in the na
tion or in a generation. But we have considered
him an industrious statesman, capable, by means of
patience and perseverance, of supplying, to a consid
erable extent, the disadvantages of a mediocre intel
lect and a limited education, and thus obtaining and
maintaining, in adversity and prosperity, the medi
um level of respectable success."
This " Tribune of the People (?) of Virginia" thus
sketches " honest John Letcher." " Mediocre intel
lect and a limited education!" What presumption
in " honest John" not to have acquired a finished
classical education !
But what will the Enquirer say after the Conven
tion, provided Mr. Letcher should be the nominee ?
Consumption of Sugar in the United States. In
1852 the number of pounds of sugar imported into
the United States, was 456,774,133, the number of
pounds exported from the United States 12,655,469,
and the New Orleans report of crops of the United
States, 260,201,700 pounds; making 704,320,364
pounds as the annual consumption of the article by
the inhabitants of the United States for that year.
In 1857 the imports rose to 776,149,999 pounds,
owing to the large falling off in our own crop, and
the number of pounds consumed was 834,711,257.
France, with a population of 36,000,000, consumes
150,000 tons of sugar, or 9 pounds to each inhabi
tant ; Great Britain, with a population of 28,400,000,
consumes 360,000 tons, or 281 pounds to each in
habitant; and the Unked States, with a population
of 27.000,000, consumes 392,000 tons, or 3H pounds
to each inhabitant. So it is seen the inhabitants of
the United States use their full share of this delicious
and wholesome article. Wholesome, did we say?
Yes, nothing is more wholesome than pure sugar.
Use it yourselves, readers, and let the children have
it, instead of burnt and painted candies, which are
always more or less injurious. The meaning of the
old saying that sugar rotted the children's teeth,
was, that it lightened the parent's pocket
It will be seen by the Proclamation of His Excel
lency Gov. Bragg, in our paper to day, that he has
designated Thursday, the 25th instant, as Thanks
giving Day in North-Carolina. . , , . . ,
The Governors of Rhode Island and New Jersey
have appointed the 18tb instantj and the Governor
of Maine the 25th as Thanksgiving Days in those
States respectively. " ' r ."
'. Elections on Tuesday, the 2nd. No less than
sixty-five representatives to Congress more than
one-fourth of the entire body were elected on Tues
day last, namely, thirty-three in New, York eleven
in Massachusetts, five in New Jersey; four n Michi
gani'nine in, Illinois, 'and three in Wisconsin; We
shall no doubt be able to inform our readers in our
next how these elections have gone.
? . iti r?'.-o ;.t. :?;-7-irvi !-.-; -iS.-. 1 .Taow oi
vi The following table of taxes fn the different States, prepared by Col.' John H Wheeler, will bVfound
interesting and useful.' .We copy1 it: from" the -New York Times ot 27th September:" 1 1 ."n'v,'rV
1 :--r- , 1.1 i . ; ,..r -v ;. , ' ' -m " '- -wr - '.
' i' t - " " -r ' r. ... i Wasbihgtos, Wednesday, Sept. 15, 1858.;
. An Interesting. Table Taxes of the Different States. There : seems to be a great diversity of
opinion as to which of the States of the' American Union is the most burdened with taxationrand which
the-lea8t The question lately arose here in the course of official investigation, and Col. Wheeler; of
the Interior Department,' undertook to prepare a table the first of the kind, perhaps, ever made
and I am permitted to present, below, the result'of his labors. From this table, comprising eighteen of
the States, it appears that North-Carolina pays less tax, per capita, than either of her sisters, it being
only 52 cents for each individual annually while the tax of the State of Maine, the highest in the list,
amounts to $3 per head. The whole eighteen' States, with population of 14,569,722, pay, annually,
$25,055,129 being an average of $1 72J each. .....
Taxes (annual) of 1850, (from Romans' Cyclopaedia of Commerce, New York: Harper k Brother,
1858;) with population of 1850, and the amount paid by each federal member:
Alabama, . . ,
New York, . .
N; Carolina, .
S. Carolina, .
Vermont, . . .
Virginia, . . .
Total, 18 States,
The Elections on Tuesday last.
The returns from New York indicate the election
of E. D. Morgan, Black Republican candidate for
Governor, by twenty to thirty thousand majority.
The Black Republicans claim twenty-seven out of
the thirty-three members of Congress, and it seems
to be conceded by the Democrats that they have lott
five members of Congress. Cochrane and Sickles,
Democrats, are elected from New York City. The
other members from the fjity belong to the opposi
tion. New York City has given Mr. Parker, the Demo
cratic candidate foi Governor, 19,400 majority a
Democratic loss of about 4,000. John Kelly, form
erly a Democratic member of Congress, has been
elected Sheriff of New York City by ten thousand
The Legislature is Black Republican.
The Black Republicans have carried every thing
in Massachusetts. Banks is re-elected Governor, and
a'l the Congressmen are abolitionists. One of the
few green spots in this waste of abolitiondom is the
election of Caleb Cushing, national Democrat, to the
New Jersey has elected two black Republicans,
one independent Democrat, and probably one sound
Democrat to Congress. But the chances are that
the delegation is fusion or black Republican. The
Legislature, it is thought, is black Republican.
The returns from Delaware are not full, but they
indicate a Democratic triumph. The Democratic
State ticket is said to have been elected, and the
Legislature and the member of Congress, it is said,
In Michigan the whole black Republican delega
tion to Congress is elected. The State is reported
to have gone by a large majority for the abolition
ists. As far as heard from in Wisconsin Dunn, Demo
crat, was 935 ahead. That is all we know about it.
If Mr. Dunn is a good Democrat, we wish him a
glorious victory but we fear the fusion, anti-Lecompton
feeling in all that region.
The returns from Illinois are confused and by no
means full. Fifteen thousand votes were polled in
Chicago, of which the black Republicans obtained
a majority of one thousand over the Douglas men.
But 246 administration or -anti-Douglas votes were
polled in the City. The partisans of Douglas have
made large gains, and as far as beard from the Leg
islature stood 46 black Republicans, 43 Douglas De
mocrats, and 10 doubtful. A telegraphic despatch
to Forney's Philadelphia Press states that Senator
Douglas has triumphed, having a majority of the
Dcplin County Agricultural Fair will be held
in Keenansville on next Friday, the 5th inst. Wm.
A. Allen, Esq., is to deliver the address, and the
public may rely upon hearing something good.
We acknowledge invitations to attend the Duplin,
Cumberland, and Mecklenburg Fairs, all of which
took place this . week, and regret that it was not in
our power to attend either of them.
It is not easy to estimate the benefits of State and
County Fairs. They improve the soil, the crops, and
stock of all kinds ; they encourage handicraft, the
fine arts of painting, music, sculpture, and architec
ture, as well as all kinds of mechanical skill ; they
promote industry on the farm, in the workshop, in
the studio, in the office, by ihe domestic fireside, in
the household, producing new things and reforming
and remoulding old, thus adding in almost every way
to the comfort, the convenience and the wealth of
the State. Let them be encouraged ; and let us all
labor in this way, and in all honorable ways, to make
our good old State what she ought to be among her
Left Newbern. Judge Heath left our town this
morning, for Trent 11, whore he will enter upon hU
duties in opening the Fall Term of the Superior Court
for Jones county to-day. His Honor had a hard
time ol it here last week, but ve understand his du
ties will be quite light at Jones, as there is nothing
much on the docket. We learned from a member
of the Special Court of that county, who was on a
visit here last week, that the county and superior
courts would both come off in that county this week,
and would not be likely to occupy more than four
days. Newbern Progress.
The members of the bar and the presses of the
Newbern Circuit speak in high terms of the manner,
in which Judge Heath has discharged his duties. v -
Newbern New Era. The proprietors of this pa
per, in their last issue, offer one-half of their estab
lishment for sale. The share offered is that of D.
Davies, Esq., who is desirous of obtaining a situation
as Foreman in some book, newspaper or jobbing es
tablishment in this or any other State. Mr. Davies
is an excellent workman, and has had great experi
ence in bis business. The New Era is a Democratic
journal, is well printed, and ought to havo a good
circulation. The opening would no doubt be a good
one for an industrious and enterprising young man.
.Turner's Almanac for 1859. We are under ob
ligations to the publisher, Mr. Turner, for a copy of
his Almanac for the year 1859. -
J axes. u -..-.; ,!--.
MR. BRECKINRIDGE'S LETTER ON ILLINOIS
Versailles, Kentucky Oct 4, 1858.
Dear Sir : 1 received this morning your letter of
the 28th and 29lh ult, written as chairman of the
democratic State committee of Illinois, also one from
Mr V. Ilickox, who informs me that he is a member
of the same committee. My absence from home will
account for the delay of this answer.
In these letters it is said that I am reported to
have expressed a desire that Mr. Douglas shall de
feat Mr. Lincoln in their contest for a seat in the
Senate of the United States, and a willingness to vis
it Illinois and make public speeches in aid of such
result ; and if these reports are true I am invited to
deliver addresses at certain points in the State.
The rumor of my readiness to visit Illinois and ad
dress the people in the present canvass is without
foundation. I did not propose to leave Kentucky
for the purpose of mingling in the political discus
sions in other States. The two or three speeches
which! delivered recently in this State rested on
peculiar grounds which I need not now discuss.
The other rumor to which you refer is true. I
have often in conversation expressed the wish that
Mr. Douglas may succeed over his republican com
petitor. But it is doe to candor to say that this
preference is not founded on his course at the late
session of Congress, and would not exist if I suppos
ed it would be construed as an endorsement of the
attitude which he then chose to assume towards his
party, or of all the positions he has taken ' in the
present canvass. It is not necessary to enlarge on
these things. I will only add that my preference rests
mainly on these considerations: that the Kansas
question is practically ended that Mr. Douglas, in
recent speeches has explicily declared his adherence
to the regular democratic party organization that
he seems to be the candidate of the Illinois democra
cy and the most formidable opponent in that State
of the republican party, and that on more than one
occasion during his public life he has defended the
Union of the States and the rights of the States with
fidelity, courage, and great ability.
I have not desired to say any thing upon this
or any other subject about which a difference niay
be supposed to exist in our political family, but I
did not feel at liberty to decline an answer to the
courteous letter of your committee.
With cordial wishes for the harmony of the Illi
nois democracy, and the hope that your great and
growing State, which has never yet given a sectional
vote, may continue true to our constitutional Union,
I am very respctfully your obedient servant,
JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE.
Hon. John Moo he, Chairman of the Committee.
Correspondence of the Newbern Daily Progress.
Raleigh, Oct 29, 1858.
Bear Progress: The late Fair was a great success,
what light soever it be considered. And to old
N rth Carolina be all the honor for the effort. Last
.ar we heard of complaints from Virginia (of South
Carolina I have nothing to say,) because our Fair
was held on the same week with hers. She com
laintd of being excluded. If the two Fairs would
not conflict what great things might not be done.
Well, our people changed the lime to accommodate
Virginia, and what was the result? Why Virginia
stood off she sent scarcely an articie to the exhibi
tion, and very few of her people condescended to pay
us even a visit. And now we hear on all sides of a
rush to the Peters-burg Fair ! So it is, and so wego.
I was pleased to find Newbern so well represented
here last week ; and she gained some -credit for her
self. The worthy president of your road, Mr. Whit
ford a sterling friend of the Old North State al
ways, and of progress generally contributed his
share by his presence and his splendid exhibition of
jewelrv, made entirely from North Carolina mate
rials. Mr. Whitford's plea irffcnor of'the Old State
told well. His unknown friend, Walter, had the
pleasure of taking him by the hand, and will always
be glad to greet liini as one of the right stock.
From the South Carolinian.
DOUGLAS AND HIS CONVERTS.
Mr. Editor : " Slavery cannot exist in a Terri
tory without legislative, protection from the Terri
tory. You may lake slaves there, but you cannot
hold them as slaves without a law of the Territory
to enable yon do so. So you may take a wild horse
into the Territory, but you cannot keep him there
unless you halter and hold him 1" This is Mr:
Douglas's doctrine and mirabile dictu, he is sustain
ed by many distinguished personages and pressess of
the South 1 Let us admit Mr. D.'s anology. I lake"
a wild horse ii.to the Teritory he breaks away from
me and runs at large. Now, according to Douglas,
I cannot reclaim. him and force him into my service
without a law of the Territory authorizing me to do
so. Any man may take posession of the horse, and
hold him in spite of me, if J cannot produce a territo
rial law that confirms my title to him I Ergo, there
can be no right of property in a Territory, until it is
defined by a statute! Consequently there can be
no law at a'l in a Territory until a legislative body
isJestabiished in the Teriitory ! This is the Douglas
doctrine fairly extended. To call it squatter soterign
ty is to dignify it. I have rather too much self-re-"
spect to discuss it gravely. SEN EX.
Senator Hammond and Judge Douglas. The last
Charleston Mercury says : " Senator Hammond has
been "quoted in Northern papers as sympathizing
with and favoring Senator Douglas in Illinois, and
desiring his re-election to the Senate. We are au
thorized to say that this is a mistake. - He has said
and done nothing to justify such assertions "
The Salem Press says that there is a majority of
over a thousand " Whig" votes in this Congression
al District. This is saying a great deal for a party
generally considered as defunct, but very little for
the late Honorable Richard C. Puryear, who was
buried under a Democratic majority of upwards of
seven hundred votes at the last election. Wtttem
. . . .1 . . . ' 1
President of the Vvh'tbilrks or'Axnaex' .
. - v A Proclamation. .'' "V
Whereasi information has 'reached me'frorn sour
ces which I cannot disregard, thV certain persons,
in violation of the neutrality laws of. the United
States, are making a third attempt to set on fool a
military expedition within their territory " against
Nicaragua, a foreign State, with which they are at
peace. In order to raise money for equipping and
maintaining ' this expedition,' persons connected
therewith, as I have reason to believe, have issued
and sold bonds and other contracts pledging the
public land of Nicaragua' and the transit route
through its territory as a security for their redemp
tion and fulfilment. '
The hostile design of. this expedition is rendered
manifest by the fact that these bonds and contracts
can be of no possible value to their holders,1 unless
the present government of Nicaragua shall be over
thrown by force. Besides, the envoy extraordinary
and minister plenipotentiary of that government in
the United States has issued a notice, in pursuance
of his instructions, dated on the 27 tb instant, for
bidding the citizens or subjects of any nation, ex
cept passengers intending to proceed through Nica
ragua over the Transit route from ocean to ocean, to
enter its territory without a regular passport, siened
by the proper minister or consul-general of the re
public resident in the country from whence they
shall have departed. Such persons, with this ex
ception, " will be stopped and compelled to return
by the same conveyance that took them to the coun
try." From these circumstances, the inference is
irresistible that persons engaged in this expedition
will leave the United States with hostile purposes
gainst Nicaragua. They cannot, under the guise
which they have assumed, that they are peaceful
emigrants, conceal their real intentions, and especial
ly when they know, in advance, that their landing
will be resisted, and can only be accomplished by
an overpowering force. This expedient was success
fully resorted to previous to the last expedition, and
the vessel in which those composing it were convey
ed to Nicaragua, obtained a clearance from the collec
tor of the port of Mobile. Although, after a careful
examination, no arms or munitions of war were dis
covered on board, yet, when they arrived in Nicara
gua, they were found to be rmed and equipped and
immediately commenced hostilities.
The leaders of former illegal expeditions of the
same character have openly expressed their intention
to renew hostilities against Nicaragua. One of them,
who has already been twice expelled from Nicara
gua, has invited, through the public newspapers,
American citizens to emigrate to that republic, and
has designated Mobile as tne place of rendezvous and
departure, and San Juan del Norte as the port to
which they are bound. This person, who has re
nounced his allegiance to the United States, and
claims to be President of Nicaragua, has given no
tice to the collector of the port of Mobile that two
or three hundred of these-emigrants will be pre
pared to embark from that port about the middle of
For these and other good reasons, and for the pur-
J pose of saving American citizens who may have
wen uunesuy ueiuucu miu me otuei mat mey are
about to proceed to Nicaragua as peaceful emigrants,
if any such there be, from the disatrou.s conse
quences to which they will be exposed, I, Jas. Bu
chanan, President of the United States, have thought
it fit to issue tins my proclamation enjoining upon
all officers of the government, civil and military, in
their respective spheres, to be vigilant, active, and
faithful in suppressing these illegal enterprises, and
in carrying out their standing instructions to that
effect ; exhorting all good citizens by their respect
for the laws and their regard for the pvace and wel
fare of the country, to aid the efforts of the public
authorities in the discharge of their duties.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
hand and caused the seal of the United States to be
affixed to these presents.
Done at tho city of Washington, the thirtieth day
l. s. of October, one thousand eight hundred and
fifty eight, and of the independence of the
United States the eightv-third.
By the President :
Lewis, Cass, Secretary of State.
Sixm Annual State Fair of Virginia. Eager to
participate in the great gala, all entitled to the priv
ilege were on tho Fair Grounds at an early hour yes
terday morning. It being the first day, and only
judges, ofliceis and members, with their families,
and invited guests, entitled to admission, the crowd
was comparatively small, but yet much larger than
any anticipated under the circumstances. The wea
ther, which always exerts such a controlling influ
ence on out-door exhibitions, was exceedingly pleas
ant, although not a ray of sunshine was observable
during the day The skies were overcast, but until
mid-day no rain fell, and. the temperature was of
that truly bracing, invigorating. character which,
should ever characterize November, generally no less
heavenly than its immediate predecessor brilliant
and glorious October. A prominent and very beau
tiful feature, observable in the spler.did scene which
the Grounds presented was the large and bii'liant
attendance of ladies. From every portion of North
Carolina and Virginii.we were pleased to recognize
many of the fairest daughters which the two States
can boast, and the interest they manifested in the
Exhibition, as well as the intelligent comments they
submitted, were no less characteristic of their patri
otism than, most excellent good sense. Petersburg
The Fair. Yesterday the grand opening of the
State Exhibition took place, and was in every respect
a thorough success. The Cattle, Horses, Machinery,
Implements, Products &c, more than filled the space
which had been appropriated for their exhibition.
We refrain from commenting upon the stock and ar
ticles this morning, for so numerous and deserving
are they all that were we to attempt it, we would be
sure to find it an almost cndiess work. Petersburg
Hon. PniLO White. The following is translated
from Artizano of Quito, Sept. 23 :
Mr. Philo White, a true representative of liberty,
of civilization and of the progressive principles which
pervade the North American Union, baa been re
lieved as Minister resident of the United States in
Ecuador by another gentleman of equal grade : and
on his retirement, he leaves behind no sentiment of
discord nor of diplomatic scandal, as has unfortu
nately been the case with others but feelings of pro
found regret pervade this community on his depar
ture from among us a regret proportioned to the
refined grade of the principles he inculcates as to
his noble probity, and to a character essentially pa
cific, republican, popular and social. Devoted to the
great cause of Democracy, always a friend of the
people, and an uncompromising advocate of truth
and of justice; he has given the most unequivocal
proofs during the five years he has sojourned among
us that he has properly understood and most hon
orably fulfilled the laudable parvbses which his,
among other truly enligbened -and liberal govern
ments, have in - view, in sending representatives
abroad, who, like Mr. White, are not only .the recip
ients of the respect and admiration of their own,
but conciliate the warmest sympathies of the- gov
ernments and the people where tbey reside. This
tribute from the citizens of Quito, is, we can assure
Mr. White, the sincere and loyal expression of their
esteem and high regard for his distinguished merits,
not empty eulogy nor diplomatic compliment.
Rev. Isaiah Huntley, of Vermont, has been indict
ed for forgery, in getting up evidence for procuring
land warrants. (He was one of the pious "three
thousand" who felt called 'upon to protest against
the wickedness of the Kansas-Nebraska bilL Bos
V;M JU m4t
' RevUk f SawinaJL '
Sataniub; Vonwtn seven inter!
w . w.
Kew, Orleans. Not. 2 There wa a fro. t-
perienced last night jn the suburb of this city.
Tb deaths by fever yesterday, were 24?;v v' tf .
... ., ,i2 M-
YeUoa Fever at CkarlmUnC r vt
Charleston, Nov. 1. The total number of deaiJLA
rrom yellow lever during the past -week were 24,', '
.U. &DisTWCT,CotRiAYestexdava' rrand inrr
. was empannellcd, a worm and charged byliis Honojy
Judge Biggs. To-day - tbej ; came in ataW.Uat
mere appeared to be no business cognizable fcy them,
and were therefore discharged. "" 1
We see our friend. RobertP. DIclCofjQreeo
boro U. S. District attorney in" attendance;.look
ing well and pleasantly ; also Wesley .Jones; jEwq,,
U. S. Marshall, . upon whom time appears', to leave
few marks, a be looks about as. young now as he
did the first time we saw him several years ago.
Wilmington Journal ' , -
' " ' T- Vt- fc'V-
Personal. We were glad to meet, in this place
on Tuesday last, Hon, Thomas Ruffin, the able rep-,
resentative of this Disti ct. The Colonel, we are glad
to see, is enjoying excellent health. Wilton Ledger
. HARRIED - " ' u-j f,'"
At Mt. Monroe, Iredell county, on the ti ult by' the
Rev. Stephen Frontis. B. F. Little, Esq., of Richmond eortu-'
tj, to Miss M. J. Rtid, daughter of the tote Rufoa Reid. Em.
On the 24tb alt., by N. M. IlnbUrd. Esq . James U Sin
clair to Miss Sarah Ann, daughter of Capt. T. E. Eedfearn,
all f Anson county, N. C. "
tST Spirit of the Age copy.' ' ' r" - rv X l- i
On the 20th ult., by Rev. Robert Ilett Chapman; Mr.,
Robert Ilett Chapman, Jr., of Asheville. N. C, to.MiM In-,
bella Jane, daughter of Joseph Fouler. aq of Spartan
burg, S. C. - ,. . V.
On the 27th ult.. at the residence of the bride, near
Statesville. by Rv. W. W. Pbarr. Mr. A. B. Laurence and
Miss Sarah M. Simonton. , , -..! .
On the 19th ult., at Woodlawn. Gaston county, bv Prof.
Rockwell, of Davidson College, -Dr. Chaa. T. Powc'of Sa
lisbury, to Mim Maggie K. Alexander. - At the same thne,'
by the same, W. M. Barber, Attornev at lawrc Wilkes-
boro. to Miss Ada L. Alexander, daughters of &. 1L Alex-
ander, Esq., of the county aforesaid. .. . , '
DID, .--. j ; .
In Weldon, on the 21st October, Sterling H. Gee, Esq.,
aged 58 years. The deceased was for several years a repre- ,
tentative of Halifax in the Legislature, and was a warm
hearted and worthy man. - - : - f .
A PROCLAMATION. ... . '
By kit Excellency, Thomas Biago, Governor of the Statspf
Aurtk-iiirolina. . '--.,.. -
WHEREAS, BY AN ACT OF THE GENERAL AS
sembly it is made the duty of the Governor of the
Stale for the time being, "to set apart a day in every year.
and to give notice thereof by Proclamation.- as a day of.
solemn and public thanksgiritig to Almighty God for past
blessings, and of supplication for bis continual kindness'
aud care over us, as a State and as a Nation. - t ;' '
Now. therefore, 1 do, bv this mv Proclamation, appoint
and set apart THURSDAY, the 25th dayf November next. ,
as such day, and do most resectfully and earnestly recom
mend that it be observed accordingly by all the good peo
ple of this Slate.
Given under my hand, and attested by the Great
fL. 8.J Seal of the State,
Done at the Uuyot Kaleign, tbis the 4th day of
November, A. D., 1S58.
Bv the Governor:
Pulaski Cowpkk, Pr. Secretary.
mrURSE WANTED. A GIRL SOME 10 OR 12
ivl vears of age. One from the country preferred. Lib
eral price paid.
Enquire at this office.
aov. 4, 1S5S
OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT Ap
plication will be made to the next legislature for
amendments to the Charter of the "Aorta-Carolina Mutual
Novembe 1, 1808. 69 tf.
THIS DAY PUBLISHED
TURNER'S NORTH-CAROLINA ALMANAC
FOR SALE WHOLESALE AND RETAIL By Ilenry.
D. Turner, at the North-Carolina Book Store ; and by
J . B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia ; and by A. S. Barnes
& Co.. and Hubbard and Burgess, New York.
Raleigh, Nov. 5, 1858. 89 tL
A TRUNK WAS 8ENT FROM THE DE.
pot to Lawrence's Hotel several months ago, and re
mains there unclaimed. The owner is requested to describe
the Trunk, pay the charge for advertizing, and take bis '
property. Among the contents are several letters address
ed to " Samuel Lynch, Winchester, N. C", and post-marked
44 Caledonia, Va."
Raleigh, N. C. Nov. 5, 1853. 89 St
THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE BOARD OF
Trustees of the University, will be held at the Execu
tive Office, in this City, on WEDNESDAY, the first day of
CHAS. MANLY, Secty.
Raleigh, Nov. 5, 1858. t9 td."
A SITUATION WANTED.
A YOUNG MAN, A GRADUATE OF THE UNIVER
SITY of North-Carolina, and of some experience in
teaching, is desirous of obtaining a situation in some High
School or Seminary. He expects to make teaching bis bu
siness, and wants a permanent situation.
The best of testimonials as to character and qualifica
tions can be given. Address
Midwsy, Davidson Co., N. C.
November 5, 1858. 45 w5C
RANDALL'S LIFE OF JEFFERSON.
THOMAS JEFFERSON STILL SURVIVES THE LAST
WORDS OK JOHN ADAMS. v
The Lira or Thomas JsrrtESox,
BY HENRY 8. RANDALL, L. L. D.
AX ACTBOBIZED WORI.
UNDERTAKEN UNDER THE APPROBATION OF
his family, with an unreserved access to, and use of
all. the private papers of Mr. Jxrrasoit in their possession,
and has received the benefit of their recollections and opin
ions at every step.
Price or the Wokc
Per Set three Vols, Neat Cloth Octavo, Cash, $7 00
" " . Library Sheep. " 8 00
Half calf, or pit antique. u "12 00
V. 1,. fUMtltUl,
Agent for this Work.
Raleigh, N. C, Nov. 8. 1858
Weeklies! Monthlies I ! Quarterlies Ml
HARPER'S WEEKLY for No. Mb;
GLEA SON'S LINE OF BATTLESHIP for Nov. 6th;
LITTLE'S LIVING AGE.
BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE; - :
HARPER'S MAGAZINE; , ,
GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK.
NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW for October. -For
Raleigh, N. O, Nor. 3, 13SS. 89
" NOTICE. .-...
THE UNDERSIGNED. IN PURSUANCE OF A DEED
executed to him by Calvin Jordan, for purposes there
in named, will sell at tbe Court House door, in the City of
Raleigh, on THURSDAY, the 18th day of November inst.,
the following Rtal Estate, to wit: One Lot cmUining two
acres, adjoining tbe lots of Dr. T. D. Hogg and others, up
on which there is a building with eight rooms, well noiab
ed. and all necessary out-h nises; also, one brick building
with three rooua. One other Lot with two building on
the same, one three rooms, the other fiur. One other Lot
containing about an adre, with three gd framed bouses.
These lots are situated in tbe north-western part of the
City of Raleigh, and near tbe Lemay place; and one "liter
Lot in tbe southern part of tbe Citv f Kale'gli. contain
ing three-quarters of an acre, with a framed building on
tbe same. A plot of these lots will be exhibited on the
dav of sale. . . . ' . .
Tkkms: six moins credit, inieres t
Tbe undersigned will take great pleasure ia showing
. November 1, 1858. o.-...