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pALEIGII WEDNESDAY, NOV,; 10, 1858.
HOLDEN A WILSON, State pRixTEas,
ApTHOBIZBD PUBLISHERS OF THE LAW8 0 THR CK1TED RATES.
" AGENTS FOR THE STANDARD:
JAS. H. BIGGS, of Raleigh, -'. , -..
R. R. HUDNALL, of -C
C. McCRUMMEN, Travelling Agent.
All postmasters will please act as agents for us.
rg" All former agencies are hereby revoked.
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S pcclal. Notice. . '
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your subscription. .,
Weekly Standard f 2 per annum, in advance.
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Arrangements for the Session.
The Standard of Saturday next will appear in a
new dress; and from the ensuing week until the
close of the session the paper will be issued three
times a week, to wit, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and
Saturdays, to our semi weekly subscribers.
The price of the Tri Weekly for the session will
be one dollar, and of the Weekly paper fifty cents.
All subscribers to the Semi-Weekly paper will re
ceive the Tri-Weekly free of extra charge.
The price of the Semi-Weekly 'by the year is four
dollars of the Weekly, two dollars, cash in advance.
The Weekly Standard will be sent to clubs at the
following rates: Six copies for ten dollars ten copies
for fifteen dollars.
We have employed competent Reporters for the
two houses of the Legislature, and our readers may
expect to be kept fully posted in the proceedings of
that body. Congress will assemble again on the first
Monday of next month ; and having secured the ser
vices of an able and well informed Washington cor
respndent, our readers will also be regularly advised
of the sayings and doings in the federal metropolis.
Xow is the time to subscribe.
"jW pn'piti City, lias exhibited and,
explained to aaat our request,: the model of recent'
invention of his,' which is Very ingenious, and is des
tined, we think, to be very useful.
The' Hydraulic Elevator, or elevator of water," con
sists, first of a flanged cogged wheel driven bya pin
ion as the regulator of its speed r Secondly; of a flat,
curved cogged link chain revolving over the wheel
above described. ! Thirdly,' to the' above links are
secured a series of buckets so constructed that they
wiM -not discharge their contents until they pass the
centre of periphery of the above wheel. Fourthly,
the direction of the chain in the bottom of the well
is secured by a simple guide flanged pulley of wood ;
the distance from bottom of well and tension of chain
are governed by elongated double bevelled kevs se
cured in a simple frame. Fifthly, this general geer
ing is so arranged as to enable the operator to stand
on the ground and lift or carry the water to any de
The advantages of this water elevator are as fol
lows: It possesses a two-fold capacity over any pump
now in use, the power employed being equal. It is
entirely independent of atmospheric pressure, which
is the great embarrassing principle in the elevation
of water ; and it is particularly adapted to Railroad
purposes, as no extreme of cold in our country can
defeat its uniform operation. It will carry down and
discharge in volume as much pure air under the sur
face of the water as it discharges water, thereby dis-
The Fruits of ICuow-Nothingisin.
Our readers are well informed as to the state of
society in Baltimore for the last two or three 3-ears
the bloodshed, the murders, the riots on election
dnys, and the general disregard of law which have
attended and marked in almost ineffaceable charac
ters the reign of Know Nothingism in that City.
These outrages hve at length become so numerous
and so flagrant that about two hundred of the best cit
izens of Baltimore have united together and formed
a " City Reform Association" the object of which is
to protect the ballot box, restore order, and guaran
tee the safety of persons and property. This Asso
ciation professes to be above party, and to leave its
members free, while they unite to secure the objects
referred to, to consult their own individual feelings
in relation to political parlies. Some of the Balti
more papers have noticed the movement in commen--ilatory
terms, and look to it as. the only means of
restoring order and re-asserting the power of the
law ; and the impression of all good citizens seems
to be, that if this movement shall fail and the reign
of the Plug Uglies" shall continue, the character
of the Citj' will be lost and its prosperity greatly if
not fatally retarded. Such men as Samuel W. Smith,
Juhn V. L. McMahon, S. Teackle Wallis, Frank Key
Howard, and James H. Barney are at the head of the
movement. The officers, of the Association have is
sued an address to the people of Baltimore and the
public generally, which we copy as follows from the
"A number of the citizens of Baltimore, believine
that a state of things exists in this community under
which its' members can no longer rest in safety or
without disgrace, have united themselves together
under the name of the City Reform Association, for
the purpose of vindicating and preserving their-po-litical,
personal and civil rights. The evils and abuses
which, in their judgment, render snch an organiza
tion indispensable at this time, are so patent, and in
volve so deeply and notoriously the good name of the
city and the material interests of every man within
its borders, as to supersede the necessity for any
elaborate exposition of them here. " It is sufficient to
say what cannot, they believe, be denied, with any
decent respect for the truth that there is no reason
able and sufficient security in Baltimore for person,
property or franchise, under the existing administra
tion of the laws. A system of recognized violence
and despotic ruffianism has grown to maturity and
power, as a very element of government, under the
inefficiency of a police force, as ample as it is costly,
but which, in spite of individual and meritorious ex
ceptions, is defective alike in morale, material and
administration. Organized bands of conspirators and
outlaws hive usurped open mastery over important
depaatmenU of industry ; controlling the owners of
property in the exercise of their rights over it, as
well as in the employment of labor in connection
with it, and driving humble and peaceful men from
the lawful fielt of their honest livelihood and toil.
Outrages, by day aajd night, upon unoffending citi
zens; robberies on the public highways ; savage as
saults upon voters while vainly attempting to exer
cise the right of suffrage; muders of men, at their
own hearths and in the streets have become the
burden of the press, until even the grossest enormi
ties have almost ceased to startle a community, to
which scarce anything would be a novelty but peace
and good government. The comparative infrequen
tly of arrests; the facility with which the most noto-.
r-ous offenders find release upon insufficient security;
the tardiness of trial, the uncertainty of conviction
nl the inadequacy of punishment, even when the
Cjiffie is most henious and glaring all tend, if left
Ione, to the perpetuation of a misrule which" is ut
terly subversive of the objects of civilized society.
I'. to such an array, be added the crowning outrage
nd shame of the last election day when the purity
w the ballot-box was made a publie mockery, and
ne secrecy of the ballot itself, a farce; when access
to the polls was rendered impossible, except at the
rmed and absolute pleasure of the most abandoned
wretches among us ; when the most sacred and fun
damental prerogative of citizenship was trodden down,
'n perfect impunity, in the presence of the consti
wtea authorities, and the great mass of this whole
community was disfranchised by force and ostenta
I'ous fraud, before the eyes and without the inter
vention of the officers of the law there surely can
ne no need of dwelling further upon the causes which
nave induced the members of this Association to
'ave the quiet of their homes and business for the
fV tPSeif of lheir Prese"t organization. Thev have
rilh! ? Step 10 be landed not less by their own
ciTv I" lnterests ,han by the reputation of the
stained 8UC"" atrocitic8' "Duked, have so sadly
The members of this Association believe that the
JffJ Wh5ch they and their fellow-citizens are
crml'"!' u re susceptible of easy cure, within the
sZw ex,slinS , with good faith and rea
naoie efficiency on the part of those who are charged
the pv niniKtration- But ,hey enough, in
temDorarvTe-of.the pa8t't0 at'sfythcm that a
no euar yf r,nutlon or suspension of those evils-is
that nn 7 their permanent suppression, and
oractw?10lnntar3r cffcvescence of official vigilance
ment of ifffordi certainty of the re-establish-'meed
I th. 8nd g?d 60Vemment. Thev are con-
co"tinuan i T 7 Psitive 8ecurity Saint e
ion i , ' Kuch gr'evances and their augmenta-
ion of K .Iire i8 the whined and resolute ac
the law f. Z.ru8 emselves, within the limits of
selve8 to i. L y have therefore pledged them
tie i Kthrr' 10 join with such affiliated so
as may be formed, for like purposes, through
out the cfty, lit vindicating and ti-esta
Hgh ts at.d restoring t he good hame'of Baltimore. It
is 1 heir declared purpose so to unite in guarantying
hereafter the purity of the ballot box and; absolute
freedom of access thereto, and in pomoting and se
curing, by all lawful and fair means, the election of
honest, competent and faithfu' men, without distinct
lion of party, to the various offices of Municipal, Ju
dicial and Executive trust in this city.: Every mem .
ber of the Association, while binding himself to the
exclusion of party purposes and preferences from its
counsels and action, remains free and uncommitted
to pursue his political convictions in all matters of
general government and policy.. The Association
has been organ zed by the election of the permanent
officers, whose names are subscribed hereto. As its
first and most appropriate public act it has resolved
to make the present appeal to the community, and
its members therefore respectfully and earnestly in
vite their fellow-citizens to co operate with them, by
the formation of kindred associations in the different
wards, with a view to the peaceable and lawful at
tainment of the objects which they have disclosed,
and which are a common and vital necessity to men
of every honest calling and every shade of political
The following, from one of our exchanges, will
show how the late election in Baltimore was man
aged by the Know Nothings :
"HOW THE BaLTIMOKE ELECTION WAS MANAGED
One of the judges of the recent Baltimore election,
named Ballard, publishes a letter in the Baltimore
Sun, giving a history of what he saw on election day.
Any doubts that may have been raised as to the fraud
ulent character of the election, ai e entirely put to rest ;
by the testimony of this witness. He says that be- j
fore the hour for opening the polls, a crowd of men '
iK.t u 11 1. J i j . u pellmg noxious gasses. By the proper adjustment
set ting that no one should vote who did not vote the 1 -
Swann ticket. Gentlemen of known respectability j of a seni'-circular trough in the bottom of the well
and standing, who were suspected of an intention to 't will act as a dredge in cleaning out the well ; and
vote otherwise, were rudely thrust from the polls. j a child ol eicht years of age will be able to raise"
Men and b.ys voted as often as they pleased ; and ; water with m feef
the officers permuted tickets o be taken from sup-1 , , . ' . , , ..
posed electors within hacks and omnibusses, and i we understand Dr. Du Pre has filed his caveat for
handed by third parties into the ballot-box ; and in j this Invention in the Patent Office, and the probabil-
nearly every case two or three times as many votes j ity is that it conflicts with no principle wiiich has
were nanaeu in as mere were persons in the hacks.
Those who offered to vote tickets not marked on the !
back were not permitted to vote at all, while other
favored individuals stepped ui with a nroperlv mark- !
ed ticket in e:ii'h. band and deposited them both in ; invention fully before the public,
the box. Mr. Ballard says that be left the window ;
eartyn the tUy, determined to have nothing to do j
with the election as a judge, but he remained a spec- !
tator of the proceed:ngs. From-a seat in the back '
part of the room whee the election officers sat, he
witnessed a continued repetition of voting bv the
same persons until their faces became as familiar as
the sun. From votes taken at the time, he confi
dently affirms that one person voted in that ward
from eighty to one hundred times, and that his bal
lot was received as often as vlfered. From an inti
mate knowledge of the people of the ward, he is con
fident that not more than one thousand legal votes
were polled, although the returns showed nearvy
thirty two hundred. To sustain this assertion, he
went to the troub e of canvassing, since the election,
and in six blocks containing about 120 voters, found
that one hundred did vote, showing how large the
illegal poll must have been.
This testimony adds to the general weight of fact,
going to show that the government of Baltimore is
in the bands of lawless and reckless paitizins, and
that they have been aided and abetted by the autho
rilies who should have restrained them. An elec
tion law that admits of such gross corruption certain
ly needs amendment. If a register of the names of
all persons voting was kept and preserved, similar
to that of Pennsylvania, it would be easy to detect
and expose these wholesa'e frauds upon the ballot-box."
been patented The inventor i a gentleman of in
tegrity and enterprise. What he says may be relied
on ; and he will lose no time in bringing: this useful
The Recent Elections.
The Black Republican majority for Governor in
New York, is about 20.000. The Legislature of the
State is about two thirds Black Republican. The
members of Congress stand 26 Black Republicans,
5 Democrats and two anti-Lecompton Democrats.
This calculation concedes the ninth Di.-trict to Kem
ble, Democrat ; but ?ate New York Black Republi
can papers claim that llaskin, anti-Lecompton, has
The Tribune claims that New York is anti-Democratic
by one hundred thousand majority, and insists
that but for the blunders which the Black Republi
can leaders committed in fusing with the Know
Nothings, that this majority would have been polled
for Morgan. It says : " It was our interest and duty
to have drawn to ourselves the great bulk of the
American party by undertaking and executing all
the laudable purposes of their organization." As it
was, however, there can be no doubt that the great
bulk of the Know Nothinge voted with the Black
New Jersey has elected three Black Republicans
and two anti-Lecompton Democrats to Congress.
The Legislature is fusion by 15 majority.
Michigan has elected three Black Republicans and
one Democrat to Congress. The whole State ticket
is black, and the Legislature ditto.
Illinois has elected a small majority to her Legis
lature favorable to the re election of Douglas.
The next House of Representatives will be Black
Republican, or fusion, or anti-Democratic, or what
ever you may choose to call it. One hundred and
four Black Republicans and twelve anti-Lecompton
Democrats have already been elected ; and it seems
to be quite certain that in no event can the national
Democracy make such gains as will secure the House.
We must, therefore, look to the Senate and to the
President to protect our Constitutional rights. With
the House of Representatives against us they can do
nothing absolutely for u, but they can break and
turn aside the storm of abolition hate, which, if un
checked, would soon end in disruption and civil war.
The Speakership of the House.
We have taken no part whatever in the election of
Speakers or other public officers, nor do we propose
to do so ; but we have published, from time to time,
communications from members of the Legislature
and others setting forth theclai us and qualifications
of their favorites for the Speakerships. This is in
accordance with the strictest neutrality, especially
as we have given place to nothing reflecting in the
slightest degree upon any gentleman who has been
named for these places.
The following article from the Democratic Pioneer
of November the 2d, is published at the request of
several friends; and though not written for the
Standard, tlie.e friends have adopted it as their own,
and it may, therefore, be jutly regarded in the light
of a communication for this journal. We very cheer
fully lay it, before our readers:
"The Speakership. There have been some ex
pressions of opinion in various portions of the State
touching the selections of Speakers for the two
Houses of the next Legislature. We had designed
holding our peace upon this question, and felt a wil
lingness to leave the matter to the care of those more
directly interested. Our friends in other quarters,
however, have designated certain gentlemen as es
pecially qualified for these important posts, and as
we always like to have a fingor in every pie that is
to be served out, our conclusion is now to give ex
pression to our preference also, and to bring forw ard
the name of a gentleman eminently worthy of the
honor of being selected to preside over the delibera
tions of the House of Commons. We allude to J. C.
Badham, E-q., of Edenton.
The choice could not fall upon one more worthy
or better qualified to discharge the delicate duties
attendant upon the position, and his election would
be but a just tribute to the valuable services which
he has rendered to his party, and a deserved compli
ment to the indomitable Democracy which he repre
sents. Mr. Badham is not a stranger in the Legis
lature, and we presume his name is familiar to many
in every section of the State. He has won for him
self an enviable reputation, and ranked among the
most efficient and useful members of the body to
which he was elected. His et vation to the Speak
er's chair would be received with infinite satisfaction
by the Democracy ot the 1st District."
New York has voted by a large majority to
endorse the infamous and assassin-like sentiments of
Senator Seward, as announced in his Rochester
speech. The people of New York have declared by
I their votes that slavery shall not be extended, but
! that, on hc contrary, the institution as it exists in
I the States shall be gradually but surely abolished.
H ill the Southern people submit to such a policy ?
The South is very quiet just now, and her people
will remain quiet for a time. "Still as the breeze,
but dreadful as the storm." 1860 approaches, and
we will then see the final action of the free States.
They are driving the nail now, will they clinch it in
1860? We will see.
Ireland's PiosPKitiTr. The Incumbered Estates
Court of Ireland, which has been rendered perma
nent, was established in 1849. From the filing of
the first petition up to the 31st of August last, the
total number of petitions of all kinds presented was
4413, 011 which 3547 absolute orders for sale were
made. Dividing the estates into separate lots, there
were no fewer than 1 1,024 lots sold, while the num
ber of conveyances executed by the commissioners
amounted to 8364, the general practice being, when
the same person purchased more than one lot, to
include all in the same conveyance. The number of
Irish purchasers amounted to 8258, involving capi
tal to an extent of 19,000,000 (say $95,000,000.)
while the English, Scotch and foreign purchasers
numbered 324. the purchase money paid by them
amounting to 3,160,224 ($15,801,120.) The gross
produce of sales is sit down at 23,161,093 6s 7d.,
including 500,000 for interest at 5 per cent charg
ed purchasers, and out of this total sum there has
been distributed 21,934,696, ($109,673,480.) This
surely is one of the, cnief causes of the increasing
prosperity of Ireland.
The Cumberland Fair. We are glad to learn
from the Fayetteville papers that the Cumberland
County Fair, held last week, was in every respect
successful. 1 The Carolinian of Friday says :
" We have barely time to tnafte a brief notice of
the Fair. ; A dreary rain is fallfng to day (Friday)
which will mar the crowing festivities of the season
but notwithstanding, we are hapy to learn that in
the number of articles on exhibition and the num
ber of visitors in attendance, the Fair this year ex
ceeds in interest any previous one held in the Coun
ty. The Commitiee have reason to be gratified at
their success. Thursday evening an impromptu
ball brought together the young folks from the
country and town, and added no little to the gayety
of the occasion. On the whole, the Fair was highly
successful!, and we hope will be continued as long
s the people evince a like interest in tbeai."
Hawks's Histort of North" Carolina. We re
turn our thanks to the publishers, Messrs. E. J. Hale
& Son, of Fayetteville, for the second volume of this
highly interesting and valuable work. We have not
had time to read it carefullj', but we may safely say
that we have never glanced through any book with
so much interest and pleasure as we have this. We
will make some extracts hereafter; meanwhile we
invite the attention of our readers to the extracts in
our paper to day copied from the Oberter.
The work may be obtained at the Bookstores in
Tde Baptist Convention. This body will assem
ble in this City to day, Wednesday. To morrow
night, we learn, the large and elegant new Church
will be dedicated. The Rev. Dr. Burroughs, a dis
ttngoished Minister from Richmond, is expected to
The Coal Interkvt of Great Britain. From
the report of the E;igiifth Inspectors of coal mines,
we learn that during the last twelve months, 230,000
persons were employed in and about the coal mines
of Great Britain, and that about 66 million tons of
coal were raised. The loss of life by accident was
about one person killed in each 224 employed, and
one person killed for each 64,751 tons of coal raised.
Hon. Burton Craige. Our immediate representa
tive the Hon. Burton Craige, having just returned
from Tenessee, is now at home looking rematkably
well. While Mr. Craige enjoys the confidence of his
political friends in the highest degree, his personal
merits have secured him the admiration and esteem
of all. Salisbury B inner.
Mr. Ci.ingman's Address We publish the Ad
dress of Hon. Thomas L Clingman, before the State
Agricultural Society, entire to-day, to the exclusion
of almost every thing else. It ill richly repay an
attentive perusal. It is a triumphant vindication of
the." Old North State", from the many aspersions
which have been cast upon her by persons totally
ignorant of her character and resources. Every
North Carolinian will rise from its perusal feeling
about six inches taller. It has passed into a proverb,
that " North Carolina is a good S:a:e to emigrate
from." Mr. Ciingman has conclusively shown that
she is a good State to remain in and if her resources
were fully developed and all her energies brought in
to action, she would soon become the , " Empire
State" of the South. -pAskville Neva.
TS-'A-r? .;: . ,For the Standard." '
THE DEMOCRATIC. PARTY AN D ITS PERILS.
Messrs- Editors :',; Recent political events in thia
country, suggest to my 'mind. a few reflections, as
peculiarly appropriate to. the state of things now
existing around us. ; Whether .these events are the
premonitory symptom's of a premature decay in the
body politic, or whether they indicate an inherent
; weakness in the system itself, are matters of; much
speculation arid controversy ,v Sure it is, we are of
ten exposed to dangers growing put of sectional
heart-burnings and the intemperate clashing3 of
ultra sentiments, promising to promote the public
good, through methods diverse and oft-times alarm
ing. A difference in domestic institutions, will nec
esssarily produce a contrariety of opinions, but they
should be so tempered with liberality and justice
as to leave no evil effects from their free and unre
strained expression. History and human experience
have proved with the clearness of a beam of light,
that a people cannot long maintain free institutions,
who seek to impair confidence in each other, by as
sailing interests which it is the highest duty of the
government to protect. A cursory observer can
see that we are not floating on tranquil seas, with
favoring winds and cloudless skies, to make our
journey one of long and uninterrupted harmony
and peace. What can restore to all sections their
rights, and give the country the repose it so earn
estly desires, is a question worthy not only of the
consideration of the statesman, but also of the pri
The history of the Democratic party, is so familiar
to your readers, that any extended observations up
on this point, will be entirely useless. It is coeval
with the government, and its measures of public
policy have signally exemplified their wisdom, in
the trials through which we have so successfully
passed. Discarding the centralizing dogmas of Al
exander Hamilton, they confer upon the government
ample privileges and immunities to protect the in
terests of the States, without infringing upon any
rights compatible with their well being as separate
communities. These tenets of our faith command
the admiration of men, trom the conviction they
carry with them of their justice, and their adapta
tion to the harmony and beauty of our federative
Amid the disintegration of parties, we have seen
the Democratic parly surmount the perils and dan
gers which have dissolved other political organiza
tions. Whether in its struggles with the United
States Bank, or in its efforts to crush an odious aris
tocracy of manufacture! s, or in its resistance to for
eign aggressions at the point of the sabre and the
bayonet, it has stood forth as the conservator of
the grandest ideas of republican government ever
educed from the mind of man. If its trials have
been great, its triumphs have been the more splen
did, from the ordeal to which it has been subjected.
Other organizations have arisen and succeeded for a
brief period, but they have fallen before an aveng
ing public opinion, leaving not even the debris of a
respectable corporal's guard to form a rallying-point
for a future conflict With the Democratic party a
defeat is not an annihilation, nor docs it resort to
temporary expedients and paltry subterfuges to re
cover a lost prestige, but appeals to the sober and
reflecting judgment of the people to restore its
principles to their wonted supremacy. It is not
my purpose to recur to the past achievements of
our part', but simply to refer to its posirion and its
perils, in the present excited condition of the coun
try. During the existence of the Whig party, the two
parties were not divided by geographical lines.
Etch had its friends in the slave as well as in the
non slaveholding Slates. "Upon the ruins of the
Whig party," arose Know Nothingism, whose short
lived successes were marked by heart-revolting sat
urnalias of blojd, such as will proclaim its shame
to coming generations. That, too, except in a few
cities and isolated districts has passed away as a
"tale that is told." We now behold too formidable
political organizations in the country ; one profess
edly sectional, and the other national. Between
them we must choose.
That enlightened statesman, John C. Calhoun,
dated the most decided abolition movements in this
country, as commencing in 1835. Certain it is, so
cieties then sprang up throughout the North,-and
during the administration of Mi. Yan Buren gave
much trouble to the South. Incendiary documents
weie sent into the slaveholding States, while emissa
ries in the nefarious and treasonable work of aboli
tionism were not slow in trying to excite the slaves
to rebellion against their owners. Since 1835, the
dimensions of this party have increased to a power
ful organization. Prior to 1856, it was unable to
carry a single free Slate, but in the Presidential
election of that year Fremont swept New England,
Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, and the populous States
of New Yor and Ohio. It seeks to get control of
the government, to accomplish its unholy designs,
and to dissolve the ties of fellowship and good-will
which ought to exist between the North and the
Last winter Kansas applied for admission into the
Union, with a legally framed constitution, establish
ing slavery. The emigrant Hid societies of New
England had thrown the Territory into the wildest
state or excitement. Collisions between the pro
slavery and anti-slavery men were of frequent oc
currence, and blood, conflagration, and rapine were
witnessed within her borders. The Lecompton
Constitution came before Congress with the strong
recommendation of the President, for the speed' ad
mission of Kansas into the Union. The dogma had
often been proclaimed that the North would never
consent to see the " ar:a of slavery extended," by
receiving a slave Slate tutu the Confederacy, and
liom tlie opposition raised against the Lecompton
Constitution it seemed the dogma was to be faith
fully obeyed. Lecompton was repulsed, eschewed,
and rejected. A compromise was offered, and Le
compton was sent back to the people, with its claims
to the public domain restricted to about one half of
its demands, and recently it received its quietus by
the verdict of the inhabitants. But another difficul
ty proents itself, and threatens trouble to the coun
try. It is a disposition on the part of a few men,
who with worse than punic faith, desire to force
Kansas into the Union, because &hc has deckled
against slavery as a part of her social system. If
compromises are but the play-things of legislators,
then it is time for us to prepare to assume a posi
tion, beyond which it would ptTdegradation and dis
honor to retreat.
Again, we hear assaults made upon the Supreme
Court, because it pronounced a distasteful decision
to the Black Republicans, in the case of Di ed Scott
ts John A Sandford. By this decision, two impor
tant principles were established. First, the Mis
souri Restriction of 1820 was pronounced unconsti
tutional, and secondly, that negroes are not "citi
zens" of the United States, according to the Con
stitution. The Black Republicans contend that
C ingress has plenary power to legislate over the
subject of. slavery in the territories, and also avow
the equality of the white and black races, in all
the rights pertaining to c t z.-nship. Now the abo
litionists in their crusade against Southern instilu-,
tiuns, desire to remodel the Supreme Court, wbichv
they call the " citadel of slavery," by changing the
mode of appointing judges, and thus seeking to
make our highest judicial tribunal a mere exponent
of anti-slavery opinions. If this bulwark of the Consti
tution, composed of men of lea- ning, integrity, and
patriotism, mut succumb to the diabolical power of
Black Republicanism, then we sha 1 be brought to
the painful necessity of acting in obedience to that
great law of nature, which enjoins upon us the im
portance of self-preservation.
In the preceding paragraphs, I have briefly traced
out without going into a general argument, the per
ils by which we are encompassed. It is preposter
ous to asseverate that those effete organizations called
Whigs and Know Nothings could, if resuscitated
and placed in power, restore harmony to the Union
by a fair and administration of the just govern
ment They had their times'of trial, and were de
nationalized by the spirit of fanaticism so prevalent
in the North. In antagonism to this coalition of
factions in the free Stales stands the Democratic
party, battling fir the ascendency of sound consti
tutional principles. No one can pretend to deny,
who has the least regard for truth, that the only
formidable parlies in this country are the Demo
crats and the Black Republicans. It is known, too,
that upon the result of their conflicts must depend
the fate of the Union. This crisis has not yet
reached its momentous turning-point, but in two
short years fanaticism will destroy or conservatism
will preserve the institutions under which we now
It is a fundamental doctrine of oar faith, that this
government is one 01, limited powers, and operates
alike in its influence upon all the States... CoDgres
eannot discriminate in ita legislation jn favor of one
section to the detriment of the other. The territo
ries are the common property of the United States,
open for the settlement of all , its citizens, with any
species of property they may, carry witbT tbem.i A
Mate has the right either to sanction or abolish
slavery. . Constitutional rompacu must be observed.
The dec'wioDs of. the Supreme Court must be acqui
esced in as the supreme law of the land. These are
the vital, and , important- doctrines upon . which the
Democratic party from year to year goes befoce the
country. .The . issues .are .fairly -made up, sod the
final decision must soon be announced.
The history of the Democratic party has been one
of faithful adherence to the principles of the Consti
tution. In Congress its votes have uniformly been
given in opposition to agitation, and in maintenance
of the rights of both sections. It is the only hope
ana stay ot the ltepuolic. Tae South particularly
should give it a cordial and united support To di
vide, is to expose our weakness, and to encourage
the enemy with the ultimate hope of destroying the
institution of slavery. The times are full of danger.
"Coming events" seem to cast dark and fearful
shadows-before them. If this government is to fall
before the incensed power of fanaticism, and its
monuments and its trophies to perish in the deplor
able, catastrophe, the Democratic party will have
proved itself willing to protect the fabric, but pow
erless to avert its destruction.
W. V. G.
Washing' on City, Oct 29, 1858.
The Georgia Legislature.
ArccsTA. Ga.. Nov. 4th. The Legislature of this
State met here yesterday. The Governor's message
is very long and quite an ultra anti bank document.
The Governor recommends the prohibition of the
circulation of bank bills of denomination nnder ten
or twenty dollars. He also advises the adoption of
a State sub-treasury. The whole message is deve
ted exclusively to State affairs.
, IMPORTANT TO LAl)CSt
-eWarMh toT Great XfomOer
THE PRINCES nOYAI, PATENT LOOPED
, twua 11B.1DAI KK1KT I
A 1T.EEI Ernssiun kirt wi.u.; .Mitchi a
Flora Temple and Reindeer.
Adrian, Mich., Nov. 4. A trotting match took
place here to-day between Flora Temple and Rein
deer. The former won in three straights heats.
Time 2:30, 2:28 and 2:28.
Weathtr at Boston.
Boston, Nov. The weather to-day has been ex
tremely unpleasant, a heavy easterly rain storm pre
vailing an aay.
Movements of General Waller.
Acgc&ta, Ga., Nov. 4. General William Walker
passed through this city to-day en route to Wash
Political Rejoicings. '
Boston, Nov. 5. The Anti Buchanan Demnmta
here are in great glee over the defeat of the Admin-
isirauon m Illinois, ana hred a salute of one hun
drcd guns this evenine. in commemoration of it
The Rebuplicans are also enthusiastic over their
recent victories, and are preparing to honor them
wuii a grana juonee and torchlight procession.
Hartford, Cons. Nov. 5.There is gTeat rejoic
ing here among the Douglas Democracy. Thirty
bu. mru in me rarit mis aiternoon. in
Honor ot ins victory in Illinois.
loiter from Europe.
St. Jonxs, Nov. 5. The steamer Circassian from
Liverpool on the 20th Oct., arrived to-day. The
Arabia arrived out on the 24th.
The British steamer Gorgon had arrived at Liver
pool from her sounding voyage lor another sub ma
rine cable from Newfoundland to the British Chan
Cotton closed dull, and all qualities had slightly
Breadstuff's were very dull.
Provisions closed dull.
Consols 98r a 98.
noN. Tnos L. Clingman. Thisdistincniished een
tleman on his return from a visit to his venerable
mother 111 Yadkin county, tarried a few hours in
Salisbury last week waiting for the train to convev
him to Georgia to transact some private business.
Encouraging. There wer more widows married
during the last six months in England and Ireland,
than within the fotiner six years.
Vmi Looped Hinjtc I Mmde eftlirelr
bv MacbiMry!. Am ilrueuW Skirtl,A adjuaiaW
Skirt with an aaiuaubts fiu.ti.r n w.. t
To fee f na t
1 u ' W TUCKER'S
Baleigh, Nov. 8, 1858. r. - . -vo if.
Tp ER?5 TOVm TVW. H. H.. S. TICK
LadieV 8 Spring Sketttoa- Skirt ml $1 no
H " . - - - 1 75
4 - llines v - . - STK
8 - - - .-. l00
Remember to call at W. H. & R. SL TucWa, M they
bare just received 800 of the above Skirt,
Raleigh, Kov. 8. 18AS. . 90 IE
HISTORY OF NORTU.CAROUR1.
TUB 2D VOLUME is now published. It e5wow the
period of the Proprietary Government, hum 16&S t
129- . . - .
I t forms a handsome 8ro. volume of 591 pares. " Toe-rob-"
script in price was half a cent a pjre; bot the price of lbi
volume is less, say ft 75 in cloth bindmr, S in Libranr
aneep, and (3 tn half calf. It will k sold oslj sob
Owing to the difficulty of securing Agents in inanr porta-'
of I lie Male, we will forward it by mail or olhermiw free
of pottage, on receipt of the price; or both volumes f.r ft
cloih, $1 .Vi tJieep. or (5 half calf
A liberal discount made to Agents, or others, who boy to
Fajetteville, Nov. 8, 1S53.
E. J. HALE & FOX.
HAWKS'S HISTORY OF NOItTU-CAKO-LIXA
For sale by
Ralegh, Xov. 9, 1853.
W. L. POMEROY.
SALESMAN OR BOOK-KEEPER.
WANTED BY A YODXO MAN, a situation in some
pHd lioue. either as Sales ruean or Book-Keeper.
Has over ten years' experience in this State and New York
City. Best of references a to business qualifications or
moral character. Address Editors of this paper.
November V. 1858. W lm. ..
OYSTERS FRESn, & WARRANTED SO.
EVERY A ETERXOON. on the arrival cf the RaleiKh
and Gaston Train, Fresh Ogtrr, opened the morning
of the day of their arrival, may 'be found in the rear of the
TelefTiph Office. Remember tbe place entrance from
HarLtt S-juare. Price f 1 25 per Gallon. .
CHARLES REID, Agent.
Raleigh, Nov. 8, 353. h t
NEW FEATURES FIFTH YEAR ' "
COSMOPOLITAN ART ASSOCIATION. ,
BEAUTIFUL ART JOURNAL!
VALUABLE PREMIUMS, Ac. AcJ
THIS popular Art Association, now in its fifth year of
nnpurallelled success, having purchased, and en erm red .
on steel. Herring's great painting. Tns Yillagk Black
smith," will now issue copies (to subscribers only ) on heavy
plate paper, 30 x 3H inches on I be following
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Every person remitting Turks Dollars, will receive a
copy of ibe snberb Steel Engraving, after Herring's cele
The Village Blacksmith.
Also a copy of tbe beautiful
Cosmopolitan Art Jonrnal,
An elegantly illustrated quarto Magaziue. AIm free season
tickets of admission to tbe Eastern (or DusaeldorCj and
Western Galleries of the Association.
There will also be given to the f nbscribers several hun
dred valuable works of Art. comprising fine Oil Painting,
Bronzes, Sculptures, Ac Ac, from celebrated American
and foreign Artists.
Subscriptions will be 'received opto Jan. 1,1 V9. On
tbe evening of that date tbe premiums will be awarded to
For full iMirticulars, see December Art Jocksal, price
50 cents. Specimen copies sent to lhoe desiring to rub
scribe, on he receipt or 18 ceals in postage a amps or coin.
Address C. L. DERBY. Actuary C. A. A..
-MK Br.-adwur. N. Y
Or TUOS. CAKTEE,
Raleigh, N. C.
November 9, 1 if.
OX AXD AFTER MONDAY, the 6th inst, the commui
nication by Telegraph to and from this City, will be
suspended for tbe ?pace of ten days or two treek's, to ena
ble tbe Company to transfer lheir Wire from tbe Raleigh
A Gaston Railroad to the new Poles just erected upon the
Central Road between Raleigh and Goldaboro', when, with
a new and substantial Line our patrons tnar rtlr unn
speedy, prompt and reliable communication ut all times,
and with all tbe principal points in tbe Uuited Stale and
J. R. DOWELL, Superintendent.
November 5, 1858. Jo tf.
November 6, 1358.
COTTOX The tendencr has been downwards, sales were
1 made on Monday at 1 1 cents, ranging since then down to
liMj lor ne! Truae.
SPIRITS TCKI'ENTIXE-Sells readily at 4lto 44c
FLOUR Has declined with sales at fii'imii 50.
CORN Prices aie higher, some sales have been made
at J0 cents. Carolinian.
November , ISM
TURPENTINE Further sales resterdav of 9fM) bbls.,
and this morning 444 do. at $3 10 for virgin and yellow dip,
and i "" forhitrd. ttis.
SPIRITS TURPENTINE-lno bbls. changed hands yes
terday ut 47 cents $J gallon. No sales this morning.
No sales reported in Rosin.
TAR Sale yesterday of 40 bbls. at f 2 25 $ bbl.
November 6, 18-Vl.
REMARKS The weather for ont-door business has been
very unfavorable, and we bear of but little having been
done. The Fair has alno interfered very maierially with
the pniduce business this week, and transactions have been
very limited. Cotton is nominally down to 11c for prime.
COTTON Owing to the unfavorable Mate of the weather
for nut-door busines. the transactions in this article have
been very light for tbe pat two days. The general tone of
the market is quiet. Holders evince no disposition to sell
nnless at full prices, owing to the falling off in receipts and
the improved tone of tbe Southern markets. Sales 'for tbe
week foot np aboat l.ttiNi bales. Receipts for the same time
about 1,MK bale. Stock of uew held in first hands 700 to
8X! bale, (a reduction of 4o. bales compared with last
week.) The receipts of Cotton for the present month add
up by wagons and Railroad about A.25U bales, and tbe sales
for the same period .Vkxi bales. Receipts for tbe season
commencing 1st September 7.8C0 bales. Sales for same
time h,5x bales. . fc
WHEAT There was a good feeling in the market to-day
on "Chauge, and the offerings wi-re readily taken of desira
ble grades, at a basis of fl 52(gl for prime White, and
$1 S3($t for Red. To effect sales of medium and com
mon grades a heavy reduction in price bas to be granted
by sellers, and for sucb Ibe market is exceedingly dulL
CORN Market dull and demand light. Prime 6V:.
PRODUCE We have no material change to notice in the
BACOX Is a little higher.
TOU VCCO Tbe market to-dav was more active and
prices were something better. Receipts very light..
, DRIED APPLES- l ftu&l 75 lb, to tbe bnsbel.
DRIED rRACHES 5ftog6 00 4 lbs. to tbe bushel
LEATHER 4s in fair request at unchanged prices.
EXCUAXGE-State funds on X York, Philadelphia and
LIST OF LETTERS
REMAINING IX THE POST OFFICE,
LEIGH, for the month ending 1st November, 1 858.
Baltimore fd, with an upward tendency.
GUANO-No. 1 P eruviao is in brisk d
now note at ttU
demand, and we
APPLE BRANDT New 80c to f 1 ; Old f 1 25t 0.
CLOVER SEED No new in market; old are beld at
6. - -
LARD Ts in fair request at 13I4Wc for prime Vir
ginia and Xorth-Caroliu in kegs Slock light.
SUGAR Very firm and tendency op.
MOLASSES 'The supply in market is small and prices
are higher. . -
ROPE We quote good Jute t(c, common 67e. '
FLOUR has advanced. We quote S. F. at fs 75; Extra
7 75. and Family S 75 in a retail way. .Large lots could
be bought lower. . "
COFFEE There is a moderate bsirt 'doing in this
article with more firmness, butw Jo out quote it higher.
Express. . .,. -;
REPORTED BXPREWLT FOR THE X. C. " tTAJTD A &.
Br M'PHEETERS A GHISELIX.
WkolesaU Grocers, Forwarding dr Comtminion Ifertkants,
November 6, IR53
FLOUR Tbe market is quite dull and Flour has a down
ward tendency. We quote S. F. t-&6 ; Extra as4 ;
Family tlg,l. Flour in racks is very dull, tbe market
being completely overstocked, and sales hare been made as
low as 2 -T(a3 75 for Familr in sacks.
COTTOX The continued unfavorable news has still fur
ther depresied the market. "Rod sales were made to-day at
lie There is very little activity at tbe decline, buyers
genera: lr anticipating still lower prices.
NAVAL STORES-Spirila Turpentine is scarce sod
wanted at 47c. Common Rosin 1 1 3. Tar dull.
DRIED FRUIT Apples are in demand at fl 70(31 75.
Peaches are dull at 5Vas.
B. E. PEAS fl so. BEESWAX 30c FLAXSEED fl 50
SALT L. B. f 1 40(31 45. Q.A.9990a
Allen, R J
Ashe, W S Hon
Brown, W S
Brown, Seth B
Brown, S Miss
Boyden, John A
Brown, Salhe E
Boyce, J P Rev
Barber. Eveline S Miss
Best. T T
Ulalock. Martha Mrs
Buflaloe. J G M
Barringer, I) M Hon
Coroner of Wake Co
Caw 1 horn, A S
Dennoody, Jno A
Everet, L C Prof
Fort, Charlotte Ann Miss
Frensley, J R
Franklin, Eliza A
Orissom, Lewis F
Grady, Susan A Mrs
Gitmore, John T
Goodwin, F II
Gnlley, Lucius J
Henderson, S II Dr
Hayley, Thomas S
Howard. Geo Jr
Heath, Turner . .
Hart, Thomas II
Hawkins, Phil B
Uomfrey, Samuel J
ones, Molley P
-Jones, Win F
Jones, Rufos II
Kennedy, Minervey Mist
Kittrell, B A.
Lee A 0
Marshall, Thomas E
McCullers. John 2
Nesmitb. J P
Nyer. J R
Pa Her, Ztchariah
Pansbes. Chails Widow of
Parish. A W
Petri it, Henry
Ruffin. KFtlu S
Rudarill. Mary A Mrs
Rbem, Josepb L S
Steel. T B
Sherwood, B R
Saunders, John Qt
Shaw, Marl ha, E
, Slade. J F
Sperling. O W
Simmons, E G Maj
Strong, J M Dr
Seaboard A Roanoke
Smith. Sallie B Miss
Smith, Even A
Smith, A do! pirns E
Smith, James G
Smith. Caroline V Miss
Turner, Marv W
Terry, Win U
Turner, S S S
" Tavlor, Geo C
Terril, T G
vrs" P J
Wh: '& Caroline L Mrs
W . James S
Wil am, George
We-. Win Cap
WL er, Joseph
Wil us. Dar-.d
W -!row, Thos
- Wli . C N
Wil n, Arthur
Wil:. r. John
Woii.uch. E B
Young, R A t
Marshall, C W
Persons calling for tbe above will please say they are .
. ? GEO. T. COOKE. P.M. ,
STOLEN FROX XT STABLE ON 8ATUR
9 day sight last a Bay Mare, about lour feet ten inches'
high, heavy built, short neck, rather low OeCire, carries her
bead down ; bas on one shoulder, I thiuk tbe right, a large
white spot, ten or eleven years old. very short mane. I
will give a liberal reward lor tbe mare and thief.
JOHN R. HARRISON. '
Raleigh. Nor. 8, 1858. so 1
SEWING MACHINE-PRICE 50.
THE QUAKER CITY" SEWING MACHINES wor'c
with two threads from tbe common Spool, making a .
iMwlle Luck Stitch of unequalled strength and elasticity,
which will not rip eveu if every fiiurth stitch be CL Ttw.r
will run either Silk. Linen, or Cotton thread and rk 1
equally well tbe coarsest Linsey or tbe finest Muslin. Titer
sre undeniably tbe best Machine in market f r Plantation,
or Family use. Call and examine them immediately.
For sale by
-W. H. A R. 8. TUCKER.
Raleigh, Nov. 8, 158. S" it-
- '1 .
mjOTICE IS HEREBY; GIVEN THAT -AI'PUCA. .
iM tion will be nude at tbe next session of lite lrgita
tore of North-Carolina, for a Charter to incorporate 1U1 Ca-i .
tawba River Hydraulic Company, for mining and otheria .
N-JTstnber 1,195. 1 nx