THE WASHBURN LEADER.
PUBLISHED BVBBT SATURDAY,
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1 PER VKAR.
This paper Is entered second-class matter
at the Postofflce at Washburn. North Dakota.
Republican County Convention.
The Republicans of MeT/ean County are re
quested to meet In convention at Washburn, on
Saturday, July 19th, at 3 o'clock p. m., to elect
three delegates to attend the State Convention
to be held in Grand Forks on July 29th, 1890, to
place in nomination one member of congress and
a full State ticket. The basis of representation
will be one delegate for every ten votes, or major
fraction thereof, as cast for Hansbrough at last
The parlmarles will fee held July 12th In the
several precincts at the places of voting, said
voting to be by ballot. The polls to be keptopen
from 3 until 4 o'clock p. m. The number dele
gates from each precinct will be as follows:
Turtle Lake, 1 Coal Harbor, Hancock, 1
Weller, 3 Ingersoll, 4 Nettle Creek, 3
5 Conkling, 3.
By order of Republican Central Committee.
J. C. STALEY, Chr'n.
K. 8. RAM8EV% Sec'y pro tcm.
The News is surprised to see that Hon.
Martin Ryan objects to the change of date
the state convention. The. necessity
this change was apparent to all. Ev
ery committee-man in the state bnt two
assented to it. The written assents are in
hands of Acting-Seoretary Cutts, who
is also procuring special railroad rates to
convention, August 6th. Everything
will be done to welcome the democracy
and make them feel at home. Every
county is urged to send a full delegation.
Lot there be a grand ontpouring. It is
likely some orator of national repute will
procured to open the campaign after
winning ticket is named.—Grand Forks
It is painfully evident to the unbiased
that "the necessity for the change"
referred to only existed in the in
of a certain faction who deem
province to dictate how often and
what times the demooratic masses shall
snoeze. It is a scheme in the interests of
M. L. McCormaok and Grand Forks. The
of Grand Forks &TO very modest.
never ask for anything exoept what
want, bnt it appears they want every
and want it all the time. McCor
wants the nomination for governor,
he doesn't want to ran any chances,
for that reason he has forced a change
in the date for holding the demooratio con
vention until after the republicans have
their nominations. If the republi
make a mistake and put np a weak
is, nominate a ticket without
compromise between the Miller and anti
MoOormaek will jump in
both feet, expeoting, of course, that
republican split will insure his election.
would have no particular ob
ions to this, as we believe McCormaok
make a good governor but there
other localities besides Grand Forks
can furnish good men, and which
to be recognized. Grand Forks is
too "flip" in her demands. She
the same porcihe principles on
republican side of the house. George
Winship and George Walsh both want to
governor, and then they want the capi
boBides. A friend at our elbow suggests
both parties nominate their candi
for governor from that city, and then
the people step in With a third man
eleot him, leaving Grand Forks and
hor gubernatorial aspirants stranded on
beach of reflection whence they can
contemplate the fearful wreoa they have
through their politieal selfishness
unreasonable cravings for bossism.
A St. Louis dispatch of the 11th inst.
that the Missouri state board of agri
has just issued a report on the orop
prospects to date, and the report seems to
indicate thai the harvest will be consider
below the average. With the general
prevailing dear and warm weather of
tho last two weeks, wheat ripened rapidly
the harvesting has been pushed. By
July 1st nearly the entire orop was in
shock, and in the more southern por
of tho state threshing is well under
way. Reports of yields per aere in bush
as yet too meagre to be able to
definitely what the yield will be.
Tho oloser examination allowed by har
however, reveals olearly that the
was, as a rule, very thin on the ground
and badly mixed with cheat, but that it
has genorally headed and filled well, and
grain is of an unusually fine qual
ity. The prospect is favorable for secur
orop in excellent condition, thus
a high grade of wheat for mar
Never in the history of the state
been, so poor an pat orop harvest
ed as the present one. The Texas oat
'louse has spread all over that portion of
eastand south of a line draws'
northeast to the southwest oor
in that region has done an enor-.
mons amount of damage, completely ruin
inga large portion of the orop. y?
-Tho suggestion that in the "sweet bye
tad-bye" the territory of Utah may be An
nexed to the state of Nevada is one that
may grow into favor ns time progresses.
Why Not Irrigate.
The LEADER is indebted to Chas. E.
Murrell for the following article on irriga
tion. It was written by Mr. Murrell for
publication in the McLean County News,
which he intended to revive last week, but
having abandoned that project, he kindly
offered it to the LEASER:
While taking a trip through western
Montana, the editor of THE NEWS
made a thorough examination of the
means used in that locality for irriga
tion, partipularly in what is known as
the Gallatin valley, one bf the richest
agricultural valleys in Montana. ,It is
estimated that nearly one-half of the
grain raised in Montana is grown in
this valley. The soil is a light sandy
clay, and to a Dakotan looks as if it
would not raise navy beans. The un
cultivated prairie land is thinly covered
with a stunted growth of grass, thickly
dotted with prickly-pear cactus, yet on
this land enormous crops of grain are
annually raised by the means of irriga
tion. .We were told that wheat aver
aged from 40 to 50 bushels per acre,
though a variety known as goose
wheat, a large kerneled winter wheat,
is the .kind used, and oats attain a
weight of from 36 to 40 pounds to the
bushel and the yield from 75 to 90
bushels per acre. It is only by irriga
tion that barly can be raised to per
fection, and it is claimed that the finest
barley in the world is raised in this
valley. A large syndicate is being
formed to go into barley raising on a
large scale as soon as the canal is fin
The manner of getting water on the
land is as follows: This valley is sur
rounded by towering peaks and moun
tains that are covered by snow nearly
all the year round, ^he gradual melt
ing of this snow forms a number of
ever-running streams. To get the water
out of the river beds onto the land, the
settler goes a number of miles up the
river until he can get the required ele
vation, and then cutting a ditch from
the main stream, gradually carries it
along the bank until he reaches a cou
lee or depression, when it is carried
out on the fiat. The ditch is then run
across the highest end of the land to be
watered and lateral ditches running
through the field, at intervals of ten
rods or so. When he wants to over
flow the land he damB up the ditches
crossing the field, and after an acre or
so is watered, he opens up the dam
and makes another dam farther, down
in the field. This is continued until
the whole field has been overflowed.
After witnessing the mode of irriga
tion in this valley, we are stiil more
convinced that the Missouri river can
be utilized in the same manner. Judg
ing from the present appearance of
the Missouri slope, with its heavy
growth of grass and vegetation, irriga
tion may not be needed here for some
years to come, but it has been found
by past experience that sufficient rain
fall, or rain just at the time when most
needed, cannot be depended upon, and
even in the most favorable seasons the
yield may be greatly increased by the
application of water.
The water supply in the Gallatin val
lay referred to is as yet limited and
only sufficient to water a small portion
of the valley, but the representatives
of Montana have been doing some tall
talking and hard work and have suc
ceeded in getting an appropriation to
build a large canal through the valley,
taking the water from the Yellowstone
river near Townsend, and work will
be commenced at once. This canal
will be about 76 miles long and will be
free to every bona flde settler. Why
cannot the same be done for North
Dakota? Such a canal would water
thousands of acres of uncertain agri
cultural lands, afford a cheap means of
transportation for coal and grain, and
it could be built at much less cost than,
the Gallatin canal, as wages are much
lower here than in Montana.
The secretary of the Missouri state
board of agriculture says In his report
of June 1, under date of June 7, that
the effect of the last two more than
usually abundant wheat crops in this
state was an increase last fUl of the
previous year's area, a seeming re
versal of the policy of a few years past
which has been to decrease the wheat
acreage. Notwithstanding, however,
fMn increased wheat, area sown, the
number of acres to be harvested this
season wUl be less than last by at least
30,000. The condition of the present
seaBonta crop is such that .the yield per
acre must be below the general aver
Grafton 'Herald: There is a. horse
seen frequently on ttfe streets of Graf
ton that possesses a mustache that
would elevate some dudes to: the
seventh heavan if attached, to them.
It is light in color and quite thick and
curls bea^tifrdly on each sid£. It is a
most remarkable freake and always
causes a good deal of comment.
Volume 1. Washburn, McLean County, North Dakota, Saturday, July 19, 1890.
Steele Ozone: The heavy storm Sunday
night blew down nearly all the tents at
Lake Isabel and those who were there say
it was a conglomeration of men, women,
tents, ministers and female wearing ap
parel for about ten minutes, after which
order was restored, the clothing left was
divided up indiscriminately, Landlord
Stickney set up ice cream and coffee, and
business was resumed,
Devils Lake Inter Ocean: Yesterday the
citizens of Towner (McHenry county) held
a meeting to discuss the subject of estab
lishing a Scandinavian Lutheran high
school at that place. Four acres were of
fered for the site on the north
track by the citizens present, and the town
site company offered a block on the south
side of the track for the same purpose.
Grand Forks Herald: Col. Lounsborry,
the genial special agent of the land depart
ment arrived in the city last evening from
Qevils Lake. Talking to a Herald scribe
this morning, the colonel said—I leave for
Fargo to-night, returning again to Devils
Lake to clean up the suspended cases of
that district including the French half
breed cases then I expect to follow up
the districts in detail, Grand Forks, Fargo
and Bismarck. After which I will return
to South Dakota and finish up tho work
Steele Ozone: Col. J. W. Carroll has
been appointed on the governor's staff
with rank of colonel. Tho colonel is re
ceiving congratulations from his many
friends. However, the colonel was a colo
nel before receiving this appointment,
ranking as such in the G. A. R.
Lisbon Star: The general sentiment of
the republican press throughout the state
ig that both Congressman Hansbrough
and Senator Fierce should be elected for
another term. Both are hard and tireless
workers for their state and have accom
plished as muoh as any new member in
either branch of congress. Their experi
ence during the short time for which they
were elected will be of great benefit to
them and render them invaluable to their
constituents if sent back for a full term.
Edgerly Mail: It is amusing to have
people try to convince us that everything
is just right—that we, are growing richer
every day, and that poverty is a mere
myth. Senator Sawyer, of Wisconsin,
tried to make the United States senate be
lieve farmers were prospering immensely
in his district, and in evidence said that
mortgage foreclosures were unknown
there. Some doubter took the trouble to
investigate, and found there had been 889
foreclosures in his own county last year.
But then, what is a millionaire like Saw
yer, supposed to know about the poverty
pinehes of farmers, anyway
Grand Forks Herald: At a meeting of
the board of railway commissioners held
at Bismarck on Tuesday, official notice
was received that the Great Northern
would not put in the asked for at the
junction with rhe Northern Pacific here.
In its report of the commissioners' pro
ceedings, the Jamestown Alert says: This
is apparently a factious and needless re
fusal, as the oost is said not to exceed $50
—and it wotald be a great accommodation
to shippers. The attorney general was in
structed to begin suit at once to compel
the road to comply with the order of the
commissioners. In the matter of "obtain
ing local freight rates for Fargo and Grand
Forks on the same shipping basis as those
in force for Minneapolis, St. Paul and Du
luth, the attorney-general has rendered his
opinion, that no discrimination for cities
or towns in the state could be made, and
henoethe rates cannot, in his opinon be
enforoed, if ordered made. In this connec
tion it is just to say that the usual liberal
ity of tht Northern Pacific road was mani
fested by an offer to make any reasonable
rate the commissioners saw fit to request.
So it seems that Fargo and Grand Forks
wholesalers will have to go about securing
their freight rates in some other way.
Pembina County Democrat: A Globe
reporter met a leading North Dakota re
publican the other day and inquired as to
the political condition of affairs. He said:
II don't want to be quoted by my name,
.but I say to you confidentially that the
republicansare going to have an almighty
rocky road to travel this falL If the dem
ocrats nominate' Capt. Dab. Maratta gov
ernor, as now seems probable, he is very
liable to be elected. The republican or
ganization is split wide open upon the lot
tery question, and there
tion upon the part of a large factioft that
Governor Milter shall not suoeeed himself
With Miller and Maratta in the field many
bf the old republicans, under the lead of
McKenzie and Edwards, would oordially
join hands with the democrats and elect
the latter." "Is Maratta in sympathy
with the lottery fellows queried The
Globe man. "No, he is not. He is prob
ably as bitterly opposed to the lottery, as
Miller, but has been judiaious enough to
keep his mouth shot, and the republican
faction opposed to Miller will vote fortay
one to down the prosen^ administration."
Wahpeton Globe believes that Congress
man Hansbrough deserves a renomination.
He has made an excellent representative,
and as a matter of common courtesy and
justice should be returned. Mr. Johnson
was cheated out of the senatorship by
Casey and his friends, and the politicians
who influenced the legislature against
Johnson in the campaign to down Mr.
Hansbrough. They have no love for
Johnson but they seek to use his great
strength in the state to down Hansbrough
whom they hate intensely. It will be good
politics to return Hansbrough, and pre
serve Johnson until Casey is to be suc
ceeded in the senate. Johnson can beat
Steele Ozone: Wolf, the murderer, sont
up' from this (Kidder) oounty for the mur
der of Mrs. Unger at Dawson, has escaped
from the ponitentiary and has boon at
large for nearly a week. He came very
near being caught, with his partner who
escaped with him, Tuesday night at Man
dan, where they were attempting to bur
glarize a clothing store. They were dis
covered while in the act of breaking into
the building and both started to run.
Wolfs partner was shot down while run-'
ning, but Wolf escaped and is still at large.
Jamestown Capital: No one ever
supposed that the jackrabbit, occasion
ally seen making a sickly and ghostly
appearance on the prairies, could ever
worry anything but the simple minded
dog who undertook to catch him. But
the rajMrt, comes from Barnes county
that tS^jjfesabbit has gone to com
peting itfWiPltne gophers in destroying
grain, and that in a certain locality
farmers have been obliged to stay out
at inight with dogB to drive the rabbits
out of the fields.
Bismarck Settler: State Supt. Clapp
has announced that he is not averse to a
re-nomination and more than likely he
will secure it. He has not held his posi
tion long gnough to even have a good
trial and all considerations unite in advis
ing his re-olection. Insurance Commis
sioner Carey is about as sure of re-election
as any of the old officers. He has given
general satisfaction, and the newspapers
are unanimous in his favor. Besides
thehe, Cass oounty is coming forward with
aspirants for other places on the*ticket.
Some are urging A. H. Burke, present
treasurer of Cass county, for governor,
while another element bring him forward
for state treasurer. Cass is in the same
old boat—likely to lose something good
because she can't unite. It's a bitter fight
down there and keeps Cass down when she
ought to be up.
Johnson Nickeus, of North Dakota, has
be|en appointed consul at Barranguilla.
John Roth, who has fasted sixty days,
dipd at the Galena, 111., alms house Tues
day. Paralysis of the stomaoh prevented
him from eating.
It ie reported that three hundred feet of
telegraph wiro were wholly consumed by
electricity from a stroke of' lightning in
Sargent county recently.
jThe London Standard says "the death
of Gen. Fremont deprives America of a
romantic personality which it could ill af
ford to lose in these prosaic times. His
name will live in history."
Assistant Attorney-General Cotton left
Washington Monday evening for St. Paul
a&d Minneapolis under orders from the
this attorney-general to investigate the al
leged irregularities in the census.
'Mrs. Williams, who murdered her two
children at Rutland, Vt., last week, con
fessed Monday.' She said she wanted to
join her husband, who was killed.a short
time ago, and did not want to leave her
%One thousand five hundred saw mill men
ait! Ashland, Wis., gave notioe Monday
i|ght that unless their demand for ten in
stead of eleven honrs was granted by July
18, they would strike. The owners will
evntest the demand.
|A Devils Lake dispatch of July 10 says:
nes Baldwin, a dissolute woman who
kept a house of ill-fame about two
from this city, killed her paramour
ay, named John Kenney. She stabbed
with a knife, cut his body to pieces
1 threw it in a hole.
he Inter Ocean says that quite a little
1 is being marketed in Devils Lake
spring. It is worth from 15 to 17
its a pound, and at that price those who
interested say there is good money in
ip» If crops are in any ways favorable
season a great many farmers will in'
a little money in sheep this foil.'
[The democrats of Cass oounty in their
ivention held at Fargo this ,week, en
Capt. D. W. Maratta for governor.
iy also passed resolutions favoring a
license law and the re-submisaion to
people of the question of oonstitution
prohibiiion favoring the free coinage
Jlver ooiidemnihg the republican pol
of tariff taxation, and the representa
in congress for yoting for the MeEia'
r^T?» ', 4
John Satterlund made a trip to Bis
marck Tuesday on business.
Go to Fitzgerald's if you want fresh
lemons, oranges, and other fruits.
Charley Murrell has abandoned the idea
of reviving the News, and will leavo for
Bismargk to day.
John J. Nichols drove down a herd of
ponies te Brown's ranch Thursday, and
returned home yesterday.
The board of equalization has been in
session during the past week, completing
its business and adjourning yesterday.
Henry Bartels was in town yesterday
from Turtle Lake. His health continues
poorly, and he is unable to do his own farm
The choicest lot of candios, nuts and
canned goods in the city can be found at
Tho crops in Barnes and Stutsman coun
ties have suffered serious damage by hail,
some three hundred losses having boen re
A love-sick swain named John Hunter,
about 30 years of age, a well-to-do farmer
of Towner county, committed suicide at
Cando lust week.
Sweet cider, ginger ale, and root beer,
harmless, cooling, healthful drinks, always
on hand, at T. Fitzgerald's.
Tho editor of the LEADEII is under many
obligations to John P. Poterson for valu
able favors during the past week. Your
kindness, John, will never be forgotten.
N. F. Boucher, the fair, fat and jolly at
torney of Bismarck, dropped in on his
Washburn friends Thursday afternoon,
and returned to the capital yestorday
Mr. A. L. Sivyer,who was here this week
from Pierre, says he found more coal in Mc
Lean county, where he prospected for it,
than he ever expected to soe, and that it
is of an excellent quality, too.
Deputy U. S. Marshal McKenzie came
up from Bismarck Tuesday and visited
Causey, Mercer county, on legal business.
It concerned the old matter of C. P. Causy's
deficiency of $40 to the government when
he was postmaster.
Mr. G. S. Fernald, formerly local attor
ney at Brainerd for the Northern Pacific,
but now acting tax commissioner for that
company, accompanied by Attorney N. F.
Boucher of Bismarck, was in the city
Thursday on business connected with his
Commissioner C. F. Huston was oalled
home last Wednesday on account of the
serious illness of his wife, and therefore
the board of equalization held no session
that day. Mr. Huston returned to the
oounty seat Thursday morning aud tho
board resumed businoss.
The statistics of mines and mining for
this state, to be incorporated in the
eleventh census of the United States, will
be collected by R. M. Tuttle, of Mandan,
who has been appointed to do the work.
He is very desirous that the state shall be
well represented in this department of
mining, and any parties who have facts
and information of interest, should write
to him at Mandan.
The scotching hot weather of the past
week has been a severe menace to the
growing crops of this section, and many
fanners fear injury to the berry. Nearly
all the wheat is in head and blossom, and
to insure a plump, well-filled berry a cool
er condition of the atmosphere is needed
—and more rain would not come amiss.
It is expected that harvesting in McLean
oounty will begin about the first week in
John M. Turner, manager of the Man
dan Roller Mills, says his oompany has
one boat already, and intend proonring
another, with which to do their own ship
ping. They intend to ship this fall from
McLean county all the coal the company
and their employes will require this win
ter, and hereafter will do the bulk of their
shipments in June, when the water is at a
good running stage. The boat they are
negotiating for now will carry 60 tons,
and when they commence operations em
ployment will be furnished a large number
of men in mining the ooal^^'^i' ^",^?^
The B. B. Reporter, which was read at
the reoent school entertainment, contained
a few good hits, which, if they had been pub
lished in eiiher the
or the Mail
would probably have subjected the editors
of those papers' to a severe drubbing at
the hands of. the parties interested.
Among the "few things that would help
make a circus" mentioned in the "Re
porter," were: "John Satterlund on horse
back." Now, what ve have seen of John
we think he'd look more comical on a
mule. "Larry Caissehnah at a mum
sociable," in whioh 'is intimated that Larry
must talk. Well, we know from experi
ence that's: mighty hard to keep still in a
plpee like that. "HansNygard without a
new girL" Drop your lines, Hans, and
explain. But the hardest hit of all was
concerning "Barney McGinley telling the
truth about his chickens." What the edit
ress of the Reporter meant by this, of
oourse, we are unable to say, but a wag
from Wallinsburg says that those hens are
of a high strain'of blood and lay three
hundred aqd sixty-five eggs a year. That
J. E. Brown and wife, Painted Woods
P. O. Gradin, J. H. Nicklin, Ole Fossoll,
John E. Allen, Conkling John W. Conk
lin, Low's ranch J. A. Westman, P. H.
Nelson, Weller John C. Dwyer, Snake
Creek Murdook McKenzio, A. Healy,
Bismarck A. L. Sivyer, Piorro, S. D.
Olaf Anderson, Fort Stovonson John J.
Nichols, Snako Creek.
A. L. Sivyer, of Pierre, S. D., nooom
panied by A. Healy, of Bismarck, oame in
from tho capital city Tuesday and went up
river Wednesday morning. Mr. Sivyer's
visit to MoLean oounty, we understand,
was to examine hor coal deposits and the
/feasibility of shipment south. It is re
ported that a company has been organized
at Pierro for tho purpose of opening up a
fow mlncB in this county and shipping tho
coal to points on the Missouri rivor in
South Dakota. The oxact plan of opera
tion we aro unable to givo, as tho LKADBII
scribe failed to catch an interview with
tho gentleman,but enough has boon gleaned
to warrant us in the belief that tho work
ing of coal mines in McLoan county by
outsido corporations will bo but a matter
of a few months. That there is a boom in
store for McLean oounty we have no doubt,
and with good crops this yoar, and tho
propects of a railroad in the spring, our
people may look for a largo influx of now
settlors next year—and a return of many
old ones this fall.
Choice Lands tor Sale
On Liberal Terms within the Reach of All.
The undersigned has for sale a few
choice tracts of farm land in McLean coun
ty, among which are one noction in town
ship 144, range 81, one section in township
144, rango 82, and two sections in town
ship 146, range 82, which will be sold in
whole or in subdivisions, as desirod, on
the following liberal terms:
The conditions of the sale of tho above
tracts provide that from one-fourth to
ono-third of the land purchased, as may
be agreed, shall be broken up and proper
ly cultivated to crops in each of tho first
three years from date of purchase, and
thereafter all of the land, as may bo agreed,
shall be cultivated to crops in each succes
sive year. In payment for the land tho
purchaser is to deliver in each year after
purohaso, at tho time and place agreed
upon, to the party from whom the land is
purchased, ONE-HAMT or THE CBOPS RAISED
IM ZAOH TBAB, and to receive credit there
for at the market value at the time of de
livery. Such payments to be continued
from year to year until the aggregate sum
for which the lend is sold, and 8 per cent
annual interest, is fnlly paid, with tho con
dition that at least half of the price of the
land and accrued interest shall be paid
within five years, and all of it within eight
years from the date of purchaso.
A liberal discount wili be made for cash,
and, if desired, purchasers can pay part
cash and the balance in from four to eight
years, as may bo desirod, at 7 per cent
interest. I also have
Deeded coal and grazing land for sale
at a bargain.
Improved farms, with houses, barns and
graneries, for sale or rent.
Business and residence lots in Washburn
Settlers located on government land.
Any information, maps or other data
furnished on application.
Washburn, N. D.
Taken up by the subscriber, on section 14,
township 147, range 83, on or about
one (lark bay mare branded O on left shoulder
and on left hip, white hind less, tall trimmed,
and has on a leather halter. The owner Is re
quested to prove property and take her away.
WKSLKY VAH KOTKX.
Coal Harbor, N. I)., June 3D, 1890. 2-4
We Will Pay
$8 PER TON
For buffalo bones deliv
ered at our store,
MINOT, N. DAK:
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