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E j: r" *1f •i.. & ?W-/- I|f|jf§ ImM. *V»wJ TEXAS PONY MM—M 4 Its Ferformanon by School-Children the Iiono 8t»r State. Dishonest collogo students aro muc addictcd to tho uso of "ponies." Bu these "ponies" are translations of tb classics, which tho boys stealthily cor suit, instead of potting out their lesson by hard work. Pony practico by th school-children of the Southwest is mor literal—a good deal more honorable. I correspondent of tho New York Worl 3ays: At Manor, Tex., in that sparse ly sottlod country along tho lino of th Houston and Texas Central railway, same to a largo wood-colorod buildin, surrounded by a caravan of horses, counted upward of fifty, all saddled am oach hitched to a tree. Every thin) about the houso was as still as death. "It must bo a funeral," I said. Suddenly tho scenef changed. Th doors of tho building burst open and ou broko more than fifty school-children "School's out!" they shouted, and a car avan of children scrambled for thi horses. In a momont tho youngstors ha( mounted and were riding heltcr skolto over tho prairio. The Texas mustang! seemed to scent tho frolic and kiclcet up their heels as they galloped homi with tho school-children. With thci. dinner-pails jingling on tho pommels the saddles and thoir dresses ant jackets waving in tho wind they looket like a mad caravan of liodouins.' "How far did you come?" I askod little tot who sat bohind his sister on speckled mustang. "I turn dood way—I turn—" "Why, he's coino six miles," Inter ruptod his sister. "Jimmy is only flv« years old. Ho doesn't know how far hi docscomo." "I live oightmiles," said a little Lort Fauntleroy on a dancing broncho, "bu I can rido it in an hour, and have dom it in thirty minutes." Then ho spurroc his horso till ho leaped .away over th( prairio WANDERING «JEWS. Men of tho Kacn Said to Be In Ever] Laud on IJnrth. It is remarkable that Emin Pashs should be a Jew by birth, and ono of hi rescuors, Vita Hasten, a Jew by pro fession, says tho London Jewish Chron icle. llut tho presence of these Jews ir equatorial Africa docs not stand alono From tho time of Abraham downward tho migratory instinct has been dom inant in tho race. Mesopotami, Canaan Egypt, Canaan oneo more, Assyria Babylonia, Persia, Canaan a third time and then the world at large—such art the suggestive stages of Israel's na tional migration. The Jews, indeed havo over boon tho "tribe of tho wan dering foot." In an ago when move ment from one country to another was rare and hazardous proceeding—in the twelfth century, to wit—Benjamin, o Tudola, and Pctacliia, of llatisbon traveled through a great part of Europe. Asia and Africa, and were thereby able to make considerable additions to th« world's knowledge. Tho second lienjamin and Ilalevy who explored tho Lclashas, may also b( mentioned. Tho oxislenco of Jews it out-of-the-way corners of tho globe, the Felashas and I'.eni-Israel and the Cochir Jews has only been made possible bj tho migratory tendency of the raco. The four young men who kept last Yon: Kippur in so queer yet so touching fashion in tho wilds of South Africa aro among the latest illustrations of the tendency. No doubt tho wandering in stinct has been strengthened by perse cution, but now that peaco and quiet ness aro his in greater moasuro tho Jen still retains his predilection for travel. TOADS iN UNORESS. The Novel Way this Frog'H Rival Gets Bid of Needless Covering. It is safe to say but fow people havf ever been fortunate enough to catch a toad in the act of changing his skin. A man who professes to have been an in terested eye-witness to such a transac tion describes the novel operation. Tho toad pressed his elbows against his sides downward. After a fow smart rubs his skin began to burst open along his back, but he appeared to be uncon cerned, and kopt on rubbing until hf had worked his skin into folds on hit sides and hips. Then, grasping one hind leg with his forelegs, ho pulled tho skin from the leg as slick as a man would remove pair of pants, thon stripped tho othci hind leg in the same way. Ho next tooli the cast-off portion of his cuticle and pulled iti forward between his forelegf until ho could catch it in his mouth whereupon he. forthwith began to swal low it then by raising and lowering hit bead, swallowing as tho head bent for ward each time, ho stripped off the skin underneath until it camo to his forelegs. At this stage of the curious proceed ings ho grasped one of the forelegs witfc the opposite paw, and by much pulling stripped off tho skin changing hands, bo stripped tho other, and by a slight motion of tho bead, all the time swal lowing, ho drew it from the nock and swallowed the whole. The entire op oration occupied but a few minutes. The Agent Met Her Match. "I was settling down to work," said business man to a Boston Globo re porter, "when a pretty woman entered my offlce. No ono would suspect that she was a book-agent. She placed a volume in front of me and began to talk. I told her I would not buy the book if 1 really wanted it. 'Never mind,' said she, gaily. 'It won't cost you any thing to look at it.' "As she desired, I did look at it." 1 read tho introduction and then chapter 1. It was about ton o'clock when I spened the book. At eleven o'clock the pretty book-agent had become uneasy. I never raised my eyes. Another houi »nd she was pacing up and down the Qoor. At one o'clock, when she had learly worn .hors« out, I laid, the book lownt and, putting on my hat and ooat, tald to the thoroughly-exasperated woman: 'That's a clovor book I regret ihat .I can not read mo*e of it, but I nust go away to dinner.' "She was mad, but she didn't say a word. Grabbing tho book, she shoved •t into her eachel and make for the troet." FARM LIVE STOCK. THINGS WORTH KNOWING ABOUT COWS, HORSES AND HENS. .Willi for Hens—Why One Hen* Kept on Laying When Egg* Were Forty live Cents a Doaeo—Tb* .Bemitifal Cl«t» land Bay Carriage a»n«. So many people an now rich enough to keep carriages in Hills country that the breeding of coach ltcrees is profitable business. Six hundred dollars to $2,000 is about' the way prices run for a well broken pair of Cleveland bay carriage horses. CLEVELAND BAT. The cut represents one of these beauti ful, spirited animals, clean limbed and shiny coated. Peed for Wortc Doraea. As a rule, in the corn belt of the coun try, too much of that grain is fed to farm animals of all^kinds. An excellent system of feeding for horses at the lieginning of plowing time and through the working season would be as follows: Feed oats in the morning, cut feed at noon time, and oats again at eight. This with lmy and a bran mash twice week will keep the horses strong for work. Those who have tried it earn estly recommend routs to be mixed with cut feed for horses. Carrots and meal, or rutabagas and meal, make an excel lent occasional horse feed. In this coun try generally wo do rot feed animals on tho root crops as much as we should do. They afford variety, and animals want variety in food as well as man. One reason why root crops for stock feed are not cultivated here laore is the high price of labor. Neither tho farmer nor the farmer's hired man likes to break his back over carrots, rutabagas or mangel wurzels, no matter how excellent they may be for horses and cows. How Sheep Bat Hay, Ti)t sheep is more dainty feeder than any other farm animal, aud if fed whole hay will inevitably get some of it soiled and leavo it uneaten. In some experi ments by Professor E. W. Stewart he found that by feeding twenty-five medi um Merino sheep fifty pounds of early cut timothy hay thoy left twelve pounds un eaten. When the allowance was in creased to seventy-five pounds they left fifteen pounds uneaten. When the hay was cut to three-eighths of an inch ic length there was scarcely any waste, and this /as f"und equal to seventy-five pounds of long hay. There was an equal gain in cutting fodder corn, though at best this food is not so well adapted to sheep as is hay, as a considerable por tion of the coarser part will remain un eaten.—Field and Farm. A Fence Fraud, Look out for the barbed wire fence fraud. He is a dangerous man to trifle with. He calls on a farmer and proposes to put up an eight wire fence at eight cents per foot. This is apparently so cheap that the farmer usually signs the contract. Then when the bill comes in, which it does promptly, the deluded farmer sees that he has agreed to pay eight cents per foot for each particular wire instead of that amount for the en tire eight. When the scheme works right and the premises are all fenced in the farmer has to surrender his farm ih part payment and give bis note for the balance. Farmers will do well to be on their guard against these fellows and ghow them the gate as soon as possible. —Yankton Journal. Milk for Hen*. A .neighbor of ours, whose hens, to our exasperation, kept laying on when egga were forty-five cents per dozen, while ours persistently luid oil during the same season, on being questioned, revealed the fact that her hens had a pailful of skimmed (perhaps clabbered)'milk each day, and no other drink. On comparing notes we each found that our fowls were almost exuetly alike, with this difference —a difference that had put many a dol lar to the credit side of his ledger, while our own was left blank during the same period. This thing had been going on for years, with the same results always in favor of milk diet.—Texas fitock Jour nal. Millet for Cattle. Corn ts generally considered the best feed for cattle for the market, but a large farmer in the south part of the state is authority for the statement that millet fed cattle weigh heavier than those fat tened by feeding corn. The gentleman referred to is a stock buyer as Wll aa successful farmer, and he says that when buying cattle he makes it a rale to buy without weighing, if possible, when oer *»n that the stock has been fed with millet, as they always weigh heavier than when fed corn. He is also of the opinion that cattle have reached the low est possible figure, and that now is the time to go into .the business of raising cattle.—Clark Pilot Review. .r®i Varolii on Cattle. The Rural New Yorker lias never found anything better to/ldll lite on cattle than frnfrmwy* water, to whieb* little sulphur baa been added. Keep the tobacco and sulphur in water near the boiling point for twelve hourr/stirring it occasionally. Apply the daop&on to the poll o| the bead, akmmMSe-' top of the neok and' spine, oq&ebrisket sfpdunder the legs. ,Of qoone, the animals most be kept lira place when treated in this way. fi LATE LIVE STOCK LORE. V:(* SKTTLEMEN'S BUREAU OF INFOR MATION AND STATISTICS. A Beef Raisers' Bureau—Such a Bureaa Will Keep Them Constantly Informed •f the Supply of and Demand for Cat tle, and Prevent Disastrous Losses. The last interstate convention of cat tlemen recommended unanimously the establishment of a bureau of statistics and information for cattlemen. By this means they could control the supply and prevent the market from being over stocked with certain grades or becoming scarce of others. Both state and nation al bureaus are recommended. Among other things the comi&ittee appointed to report on the subject say: We believe the establishing of state bureaus for information and statistics would be of incalculable benefit to the producers of live stock in the United States, but are doubtful if united action on the part of each state can be had, and unless all unite on a uniform system there would be no practical good result. We therefore recommend that this convention memorialize congress to ap propriate sufficient money to introduce this improvement in conducting the live stock business of our country, under tho auspices of the department of agri culture. We think such an appropriation on the part of our government is due to tho live stock industry, which has been devel oped in the past twenty years over 6uch a vast extent of territory as to make it almost impossible to get united action on tho part of individuals interested, and it would seem to us quite as consistent on the part of congress to aid in har monizing and advancing tho interests of this great industry, in which nearly one half of the population of tho United States depend far support, as it is to maintain a weather bureau or other sim ilar agencies. Care of Farm Borsea. I saw on article in The Journal ask ing for advice in regard to taking care of boras. I will give my experience in taking caro of farm teams. I feed in the morning when they aro at hard work throo quartaof corn or six quarts of oats whichever I have, at 5 otlock and a good feed of hay. Clean out the stable, bed down lightly and curry. Hitch up after 7 and work until 12, but do not crowd them very hard. Work them to a twelve inch plow and plow two acres a day. When they come in, if they aro warm, kit them drink very sparingly of water, put in and let them eat hay for half an hour, take out and Ivoall tho water thoy will drink aafi them their grain, three to four quart? of corn or eight quartoof oats: I give an hour nooning and always let •team eat hay first ana eat their grain just before going to work. If they are ted grain first and then allowed to eat hay it crowds the grain through them and they do not have it to work on in the afternoon. Some may think I am afield fogy, but I will give an illustration. One year ago last summer I fed the teams as quick as they were put in the barn they commenced to run down and did not stand up to their usual amount of work In the afternoon. I changed and let them eat hay first and they gained and stood ap to work better. I quit at 0 .o'clock in the evening, give all tho water they will drink, if not too warm, let them eat ha for half and hour and then feed three of corn or dx quarts, of oats.— r. Journal of Agriculture. Different Kinds of 'Wool. Having been asked a great many times by tho wool grower "What constitutes a delaine and combing wool?" in answer ing I would say a delaine, or rather a fine delaine wool, is a merino wool, free from excessive yolk, black top and a frouzy point or, to reverse it, a merino wool, white oil, white wool, firm, elastic and clean end, from two and one-half to three and one-half inches long. A comb lag wool is a wool grown on the Cots wolds, Shropshire, Hampshire, Leicester and other long wooled sheep. Thecoajfe est combing is used for and called braid and carpet wools than one-fourth blood, three-eighths blood, one-half blood. The last three grades usually bring the best price per pound and generally'the best price per bead of sheep, and also mate good mutton. They usually sell for ex porbsheep and the lamb—a good spring lamb—for the early market. The wool must, however, be strong, of bright color, elastic, free from burrs and breaks and have a nice, dean, healthy top to taring the best price. Again I have been asked "How w&nli you proceed to grow this wool?" If I bad a flock of gpod merino ewes, or ievpn merino half or three-quapter blood nook, I would breed them totiitber aflrst class pore or thoroughbred Ootswold or Slmj (hire buck. The lambs of course would be one-quarter fine and three-quarters coarse blood. The ewes from this 1 would breed to a thoroughbred smooth bodied merino buck (no wrinkles), con sequeutly my clip would be from one quarter combing to one-half and three quarters blood combing and delaine, a style? of wool always in demaud, and some part of it always bringing the high est market price. The wethers would generally run from 130, pounds and up ward, thus classing as export sheep, and the lambs, if dropped early, bringing the highest market price. Of course fine bucks and Shropshire or Cots wold bucks would be necessary in this Hn«—always thoroughbred. Breed ewes three-quarter merinos to the coarse irooled bock, and tbe ewes thnenaoar tors coarse to the merino buck, and the above will be the resnlt that is, a clip of toe delaine or combing down to one quarter oombing, a large sheep for mut ton and large lambs for the spring mar feat—W. E. Goody, in Kansas Farmer. ZteWestern Rural says that If g, uam bar of English sparrows are shot tiara1 line to time and left lying amrtaid where Hie otherocan see'them thsseotbenwill take the hint and leav* At any rate to worth trying. G08S1P OF THS ATHLETIC CLUB* The Orange club, a strong social organi sation in that pretty New Jersey town, hoc arraugod au athletic adjunct known as th# Orange Atliletio club. Thoy are laying out a Hold with a track, baseball diamond and numerous tennis courts. The mem bership of tho adjunct is already larg* enough to make it a success. The annual spring games of the Warn* Athletic club, of Wilmington, Del., will take place on Saturday afternoon, June tt, on tho baseball grounds. The open eventa are 100 yard, 220 yard, 880 yard and 2 mils runs, running high jump, running broad jump, 1 and Smile bicycle races and put ting 10 pound shot. All these are handi cap. There are other events open only to members of the Warren club. There will, also be a 100 yard run and a 2 mile bicycle race, both scratch, for the championship of Delaware. Entrance fee, 50 cento pel toon for each event. A large number of New York city athletes will take part ia these games. A representative of the Denver Athletto club of Colorado is traveling through the east looking at the various gymnasiums oi largo athletic clubs and Young Monll Christian associations. TJie Denver dob is In a thriving condition and intends pn# iting by the experience of its oitntCT brethren. The Maple Athletto club of Chicago re cently elected the following officers: Presi dent, Louis Mallory vice president, Ed ward Deegan secretary, Bernard McCann treasurer, Nicholas Sheridan/* There are now 120 members in good standing, and among these are quite a number of good athletes.'' The Pacific Coast Amateur Athletic as sociation, whose headquarters ape at Sao Francisco, has lately adopted tnles coo cerning championship events, disqualifies tion of athletes, records, and athletes sell ing prases similar to the American Athletic unioA. Efforts so far to amalgamate the two bodies have been unsuccessful, but they are working more in harmony now thai) ever before. Although the city of Pullman, His., Is owned bv the Pullman Palace Car com pany, ana persons wishing to reside there can only rent houses, the town boasts of a beautiful athletic plant on the shore Lake Calumet, and in proportion to the in habitants, nearly all of whom are employed in the railroad shops, there are numerous flood athletes. The athlotic grounds and boat house are within a stone's throw of the huge aggregation of structures In the Pullman works, and being so accessible stimulates athletic practice. COLUMBUS' CENTER FIELDER. fames MiObmany, a Famous and SkOlM Ohio Ball Player. James McTamany is the popular tad eteady center fielder of the Columbus club, fie was born July 4,1803,'in Philadelphia. His first professional engagement waa ia 1884, with the Ironsides, of Lancaster, Pa a member of the Eastern league. He staid with this club until it disbanded, late ia the season of 1B85, and was then sifmei the Brooklyn club, of the AmerkaB JAMES M'TAMAITST. line remained with the Brooklyn Mm Jfuring the seasons of 1880 and 1887 and did excellent work. He was one of tltt men purchased from Brooklyn by tho Kan sas City club when it joined the American association in 1888. When the Columbus club was farmed te lake the place of Cleveland in the Americas association McTamapy was one of tb» Sto layers selected to make up tho new team has done brilliant work for Columbuat fend his future sucoess seems assured. She Won the Toboggan 81Me Handicap* FIDES. Twelve thousand people saw Fides cna the line first in the toboggan slide handi cap recently, thereby winning for her own er, Mr. Belmont, a neat sum, and placing to her own credit a record of l.lOJ^ fa* three-quarters of a mile. This is three quarter seoonds faster than the time mode by El Rio Hey and Tipstaff in the fall at 1880. Fides' victory was a popular on% although no one was prepared to see tb* raco run In such phenomenal time by this sturdy filly, carrying, as she did. 111 pounds on her back. 8ardou*a "Cleopatra." ,, Sanlou's "Cleopatra'.' will shortly be pro duced at tbe Porte Saint Martin theati% Paris. It was written in collaboration with Emile Moreau. Both writers ooMr ceived the idea at about tbe same time, an4 both submitted it to Bernhardt. She told each ono that the other had proposed similar plan to her, and thus came abovfr tho combination of genius. At first Mor eau wanted to model the play after Shake speare's "Antony and Cleopatra," Sardou decided that in no way should En glish influence be felt. Another play by Sardou will be produced at about the same time, which has for its hero Labussienk He was an actor, and at a time during tb* French revolution when hft companions ft the Theatre Francais were in gtSab daagm he saved them. ROWINQ. ,, Tbe entries for the regatta of the sissippi Valley Amateur Rowing rnisrwb tion, which M4U take place at Duluti^ Minn., July 81-36^. close July 7. JohnTeemer.thftcelebroted professional oarsman, claims that he is rowing bettaf now than em. Be l} preqtlqing tor tkl profspslnnal smntg in the big regatta aft Duluth. a-' Yt mmmmm 1= ,%vv» **,, S««. Give us a call and satisfy yourselvos. John Satterlurid, 4 ^'jlf McLean bounty. The Paradise of North Dakota. A Kalf Million Aero** of Fertile Agricultural Lands still open to Hettlcment, and nil underlaid with lramenio veins of Co&l. McLEAN COUNTY is situated on the Missouri river, and adjoins Burleigh county on the north. It covers an area of 928 square miles, and contains 614,120 acres of the finest quality of farming land. Th,e soil is a rich black loam, from eighteen inches to three feet in depth, with clay subsoil, and is capable of produoing enormous crops of cereals and vegetables it also has fine grazing and meadow lands, oielding nutritious grasses in abundance. WASHBURN, the connty seat, is admirably located, being on a beantiful plateau at the "Big Bend" of th6 Missouri river, and commanding an excellent view of the river for several miles in each direotion. Several mail and transportation lines diverge from here, and it is the most important point on the Bismarck, Washburn A Coal Harbor Steam-Packet Line. It is Jtlso the terminal point of the projeoted Aberbeen, Bismarck & Northern railroad, now merged into the great "Soo" line, which has sur veyed the line and secured the right of way to Washburn. All kinds of building material, excellent blue sandstone, good timber, and fine clay for brick-making, can be found in the immediate vioinity of Washburn, and have been used extensively by the citizens of the eounty. An excellent quality of brick, as well as the best of lime, are manufactured on the outskirts of the town. Washburn has ia fine courthouse and jail, two large hotels, a substantially built 50-barrel flour mill, three general stores, a blacksmith and wagon shop, and a number of substantial residences. :.^ OUR COAL FIELDS. McLean county is noted for its extensive coal fields, which underlies nearly its en tire area. In fact, there is coal enough in McLean county alone to supply the state of North Dakota with fuel for half a century. It is found in all parts in stratss vary ing in thiokness from three to fifteen feet, and it is a matter of but a short time when this coal will yield an immense revenue to the enterprising owners of the land. The extensive stock ranges, the superior agricultural lands, and the cheap fuel in wood and coal, of McLean county offer the greatest inducements to settlers. RAMSETT BROTHERS, DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE A N We will sell our goods' at the lowest living prices for Cash on its equivalent. CEO. L. ROBINSON, DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE, COAL HARBOR, North Dakota. A Ml line of Groceries, Dry Goods, Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, all of which will .be sold At Prices that will suit you. Farm Produce Bought and Sold. MERCHANTS AS, ft 4 ~e l-'.. 'k M, J" hV* WASHBURN, NORTH DAKOTA. the Washburn St Headquarters for Coal Harbor, and Washburn & Turtle Lake STAOE LINES||p£&i5.- "V JE YB O Washburn, N. D. ©ry =SUBSCRIBEFOR^w/:ii 'MM THE WASHBURN LEADER. BY R. H. COPELANp. One Dollar peri^Year. -r&'V ••V/Ni :5- etc. HOTEL, •s Nl ~h\ Proprietor. "S'v to '#8** Bismarck, Washburn '& Bert hold, Washbozn A 'w.'swef. EXCELLENT STABLE ACCOMMODATIONS CONNECTED WITH THE HOUSE JWmM, jWrSrc.