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The Washburn leader. [volume] (Washburn, McLean County, N.D.) 1890-1986, August 09, 1890, Image 4

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This paper Is entered as second-class matter
tlio l'ostofflce at Wasliburn, North Dakota.
Flrnt SwcdlnH Settlement in America.
(Continued from last week.)
In the decade beginning with 1863, the
number of Swedes arriving in ports of the
United States suddenly increased to more
than 10,000 and then to more than 20,000
year. In 1680 there came to us in round
numbers 40,000 Swedes, in 1881, 60,000,
and in 1882 the Swedish immigration cul
minated with a grand total of 64,607 souls.
Think of it! What a grand army of labor,
more than 00,000 strong, more than a reg
iment a week, that in the brief compass
of a singlo year, sailed over the ocean to
our shores, from Old Sweden alone, to
help subdue our forests, reclaim our wild
lands, open our mines, build our cities and
railroads, and in every way develop the
vast resources of our own broad land.
1878 Sweden took her place, as the third
power in the world, in the number of im
migrants sent to our republic, and this po
sition she has maintained up to and in
cluding 1880. For nino successive years,
there have arrived among us more emi
grants from Sweden than from France,
or Italy, or Austria, or Russia, or any oth
er realm on earth, save only the British
empire and Germany. For the eight years
from 1880 to 1887 inclusive, Sweden sent
us tho magnificent total of 311,245) of her
stalwart sons and fair daughters—an aver
age of nearly 40,000 a year. When wo re
flect thr.t tho ontire population of Old
Sweden has at no period readied 5,000,000,
the Swedish exodus to the United States
during the last quarter of a century be
comes phenomenal, even in the wonderful
history of American immigration.
Should this marvelous immigration con
tinue—and all signs indicate that it will—
the day will surely come when the United
States will contain more citizens of Swed
ish descent than Sweden herself and we
will be not only the newer but the greater
Sweden, as we have already become the
greater England.
What states does this vast stream of
Swedish emigrants enrich with its flood
It is an interesting fact, that, with few ex
ceptions, as the French in Canada, emi
grants from Europe tuke up the same rela
tive position in America they occupied on
the continent of their birth. In fact, there
seem to be certain fixed isothermal lines
between whose parallels the emigrants
from the Old World are guided to their
homes in the Sew. Thus the Germans
from the center of Europe settle in Penn
sylvania, Ohio, and other middle states
the French and Spanish from Southern Eu
rope and the shore of the Mediterranean,
make their homes in Louisiana, Florida
and along the 3ulf of Moxico while tho
Scandinavian from the wooded North fell
the forests and build tlieir log cabins
throughout our entire northern range of
states, from Maine to Oregon.
Here, standing midway the continent is
one of this northern wooded range—the
young, great, growing state of Minnesota,
the empire state of the new Northwest.
Guided here perhaps by the north star in
your escutcheon, or your good friend Col.
Mattson, and finding a soil, climate and
naturo similar to their loved fatherland,
the fair-haired, blue-eyed childven of the
North have cast in their lot with you, and
here'they have made the desert to "rejoice
and blossom as the rose." Including all
persons of Swedish descent, Minnesota
reckons to day nearly 200,000{Swedes with
in her borders, and as a Scandinavian state
she stands easily first in the Union. Min
nesota is. in fact, if not in name, the new
Sweden of to day, and here, in the midst
of this great Swedish element of our land,
in this magnificent temple dedicated to
the triumphs of industry, on this spot,
which though a howling wilderness for two
hundred years after the SwedeB first landed
on the banks of the Delaware is now the
Bite of the twin metropolis of the great
-Northwest teeming with the life and activ
ity of nearly half a million souls—here, I
say, it is fitting and proper that we should
celebrate,- as we do this day, tho quarter
milleiuul anniversary of the founding of
.tfie first new Sweden in America.
-Wherever, in this broad land, the Swedes
fix their habitations, whether it be among
the forests of Minnesota or Michigan or
on the prairies of Illinois or Iowa every
where they are noted for their honesty and
industry, their economy and thrift. Our
Swedish settlers live within their means,
buy no faster than they can pay, and do
not run in debt. No other foreign race
leant our language so quickly, or speak it
so correctly and free from foreign accent,
and none, I think, so speedily embrace our
American ideas, and become so thoroughly
assimilated with us, and so completely
Americanized. Onr Swedish fellow-citizens
do not try to subvert our institutions.
There are no Swedish anarchists, or dyna
mite bomb throwers. Order-loving, as
urellas liberty-loving, God-fearing and law
-abiding," the Swede seeks to know the law
of the land, not to break, but to keep it.
And when rebellion threatened the nation's
"life the Swedes were found fighting for
freedom and miion in tigs land of their
'adoption yea, fighting as gallantly for the
starry banner of Amerioa a» their anoqs
rioto fonght for the yellow cross of old
•i you *i)l
If you seek for the SwedM,you
will scarcely find them in our jails orpen-
1W 5.
peaceful industrial pursuits, in our work
shops and factories, or, most largely, upon
the prairies and in the back woods of the
great West where, by honest toil, thoy have
converted millions of acres of wild land into
fertile farms and happy homes. The
Swede also brings with him, from his old
home, the fear of God, tho reverence for
the Bible, the respcct for sucred things,
and the strict observance of the Sabbath
and it is my belief, that no immigrants of
to day, in both faith and works, so closely
resemble tho sturdy pilgrim fathers of
New England us the Swedes. I respect
and esteem the emigrants that come to us
from all cliristiun nations—from Ireland,
from England and Scotland, from Ger
many and Italy and Russia and France,
and those Scandinavians from Norway and
Denmark, who share in common with
their cousins, tho Swedes, many of the vir
tues I have enumerated but I know I am
simply repeating the universal verdict of
Americans when I say that no immigrants
in this world make better citizens of this
great republic than tho sons and daugh
ters of Sweden.
My friends, no celebration of New Swe
den would be complete without at least a
brief mention of its illustrious founder.
Undoubtedly the greatest character Sweden
has ever produced is Gustavus Adolphus.
His life and deeds belong, not to Sweden
alone, but to the world. He stands out in
history tho hero of the great war of tho
seventeenth century that war, which for
thirty years, shook the continent of Europe
to its foundations. That war, as you know,
was the gigantic contest between freedom
in thought and religion, and papal and im
perial despotism between tho pure teach
ings of Luther, and the horrors of the
Spanish Inquisition. After twelve long
years of battle, the armies of the emperor
under tho great generals, Tilly and Wal
lenstein, were everywhere victorious the
protestant princes were beaten, divided,
dishoarteiied, and the free cities of Ger
many lay bleeding at the feet of the im
perial cohorts. Freedom of religion
seemed about to bo crushed out of continen
tal Europe. Then what? A little band of
ltf,000 Swedes saiU from their homes in
the Northland across the stormy Baltic,
and lands on the shores of Germany. But
at their head is their golden king, "the
lion of the North," Gustavus Adolphus.
"Oh! ho!" cried the emperor, Ferdinand,
"we have another little onemy come against
us." And his courtiers laughingly replied,
"The Snow-King will melt as he approach
es the Southern Sun." But the great com
mander was not made of stuff that melts
in the sunshine. "Ha is one of tho seven
generals of the world who have revolution
ized the art of war," said Napoleon the
Great. "To pray often, is almost to con
quor,'' said Gustavus himself. His march
was a succession of victories. The prot
estant princes took heart and rallied under
his standard—the free cities opened wide
their gates to welcome his victorious le
gions. Conquoring and to conquor, he
swoops across Euro2)e from the Baltic to
the Danube. He meets end routs tho
grandest army of the empire, under the
veteran Tilly, hero of a hundred battle
fields, and his victorious march is stayed
only by the eternal hills of Switzerland.
(To be continued.!
Fourlli Street, BISMARCK, N. I.
By Mrs. Louis Peterson.
Tills House Is centrally located, and lias been
thoroughly refurnished throughout. The rooms
are pleasant and comfortable.
$1 to $1.50 per Day.
Excellent Stabling connected with tlie House,
In charge of a trusty groom.
We Will PayJ|fH
fa •m&M
For buffalo bones deliv
ered at our store,
millionaire Blnlr'i Eeccntrlclties.
One Sunday afternoon a solidly built oh)
Elan, with a long face and close cut gray
tudr, registered at the Grand Pacific.
"Want a room*" asked the clerk.
"There is no use of going to tho expense
at hiring a room," was the answer, "tat
tmly a few hours. I expect to go west to
night, but I'd like some ploco to changs
my clothing."
"Let me give you a parlor room for a few
"No. There are few people in the was&
loom, I can change my shirt in there and
then sit around the office for a few houm.
No need of spending money foolishly."
The guest changed his linen in the wash
room and then began to clean his silk hat
and coat with a little rag and bottle of ben
The cccontric person was' John Blair,
of New Jersey, whose wealth is estimated
at fabulous amounts. He is rated to be
worth from 840,000,000 to $100,000,000, yet
he was seated in a porter's chair in the Pa
cific scrubbing his old hat as if he could
never get another. While Mr. Blair spends
little money on himself he is quite gener
ous to others, and many kind deeds of
charity are credited to his worldly account.
Be is a remarkable man, for though 88
years old he presents the appearance of one
at 60, and accomplishes twice as much as
most young men.
His business career was begun so long
ago that the present generation does not
know him well. He built the greater por
tion of tho Lackawanna road, investing his
own money and keeping every dollajvgf his
securities. When Scranton was a wiKwrness
he bought land in and arflund the place,
and saw it grow from nothing to a city ol
100,000 people. Mr. Blair built and now
owns half the roads in Iowa. The town oi
Blairsville, N. J., is owned by him. Oi
late years he has made an immense amount
of money in tho west. He would layout
the route of a new road, mark the town
sites along the line and buy up all the good
land before the public knew of the line of
the road. When tho towns sprung up Mr.
Blair bad all the lots for sale.—Chicago
Confronted by a Memory.
Apropos of the movement to furnish
books to the prisoners in Auburn jail, a
Norwegian lady residing in Auburn told
In her picturesque way an episode which
occurred in Charleston, S. C. Years ago a
mother took her 5-year-old boy into prison
when she went to see his father, committed
for some trifling ofEenco. The little fellow
stepped into the adjacent cell, having over
it the number 08. To tease him tho warden
Bhut the door, but quickly opened it at the
little fellow's screams. His mother soothed
him, saying: "Nobody shan't ever shut my
little boy in a dark cell." Years passed.
The boy's father and mothor died. His
uncle helped him and gave him money to
get to New York. He fell In with bod
company, squandered his money, and in
sheer desperation attempted to commit
burglary in his uncle's house.
That relative was so enraged he handed
over his nephew to the authorities. Look
ing at tho number of his cell, to his horror
he saw "G3," and knew that it was the sell
same ccll that had inspired his boyish ter
ror. Then his mother's words came back,
"Nobody shan't ever shut my little boy in
a dark cell," and he wept as he had not
since her death, for he had loved that
mother. The warden's wife found him in
a melted condition. Ho told her his story,
and she gave him the utmost sympathy
and kindness daring his long term, short
ened by his good behavior. As he left the
cell and took a last look at those tumble
numbers "68" he determined he would
make a man of whom his mother should
be proud. By his trado,learned in prison, he
pursued an honest and lucrative business,
and his taste for literature, also formed by
the warden, provided for leisure hours.
Ten years afterward h) called on the war
den's wife, and she could hardly believe
that it was he who had occupied "68."—
Lewiston Journal.^
Names of Women.
Mary, the commonest of all names given
to woman, is yet one of the sweetest. Byron
assures us that ho had an absolute passion
for it. It signifies "exalted." Maria and
Marie—tho latter French—are only other
forms of Mary and have the same mean
ing. Martha signifies "bitterness." Anne,
Anna, Hannah and probably Nancy are
from the same source and signify "kind"
or "gracious." Ellen was originally Helen,
the Latin being Helena and the Frenoh
Helene—the' moaning being, according to
some, "alluring," and according to others
"one who pities."
Jane signifies same as Anna, Sarah ot
Sally, "a princess, and the morning star.'
Susan, "a lily Rebecca, "plump Lucy,
"brightness of aspect Louisa or Louise,
"one who protects Frances or Fanny,
"frank or free Catharine, "pure oi
chaste Caroline and Charlotte, "queens
Sophia, "wisdom Emma, "tender Mar
garet, "a pearl or a daisy Elizabeth ant\
Eliza, "true Julia, Juliette and Julietta
"soft haired Agnes, "chaste Amelia
and Amy, "beloved Clara, "clear or
bright Eleanor, "all fruitful Gertrude,
"all truth Grace, "favor Laura, "a
laurel Matilda, "noble or brayjemaid
Phoebe, "light of life Amanda, "amia
ble Isabel, "true and lovely Pauline,
"little one Olive, "peace Edith, "hap
py."—New York Ledger*. •VgWv.'v
Chewed Soap for Cake,.
A few evenings since Mr. A. .W.Norria,
who lives on the plantation of Mt^'T. Wi
Brown near Montezuma, was taken sud
denly ill, to the great alarm of bis family.
He continued quite sick, suffering greatly
with nausea until a late hour, when he at
last'sank into a peaceful slumber which
lasted until morning, and we are glad to
state awoke feeling entirely relieved, ex
cept that he had a singular taste in his
mouth. The nest day he explained to his
wife as follows:
"Wife," said he, "last night after supper
I tHought I would go into the dining room
ind steal just one of those ginger cakes
jrou made yesterday. In the dark I made
a mistake and attacked most vigorously a
bar of turpentine soap that was lying on
the table. 11 bit out a piece about the
of a half grows terrapin, and before I de
tected my error
baa filled every hbllpw
tooth and between my.teeth with the tarna
tion stuff, and/ had swallowed about a
dime's worth of itl And that's what made
me so plagued sick." Alick'says he's made
about twenty gallons of, soapsuds washing
out his mouth, and judging from his taste
he has material enough yet in his month
to make twenty gallons more.—Maoon
County Cltiwn.
About Keeping Eggs.
Eggs are said to become unwholesome
when kept in refrigerators a fungus foruM
in tbezn which ia easily founclby a mint
•COM, although It ia not nqttoeahle to the
taste. This fundus cbnstlwjtes a d&ngu
when we consider how manyeggs are oro'
•tuned by *11 chum of society, aitf peopjfe
of delicate onastljaitions ought to beptft
•ly careful that they wi fwsh
tfot kept egg?.—Exchange.
Bo Defeated Do Orb but lowered Bit
Flag Before Manning. ,J...
Albert G. Powers, the young pool expert
who recently defeated De Oro for the
championship of the world, and was short
ly afterward treated to a like dose by
Cbarles H. Manning, of New York, was
bora in Missouri about twenty-six'' years
ago. He was for a time employed at the
Grand Pacific hotel billiard room in Chica
go, and it was there that he developed his
wonderful skill with tho cue.
He took part in the Brooklyn tourna
ment in 1888 and finished third. The same
year he tied with Malono for third place in
the tournament held at Syracuse. Later
on he defeated De Oro in Boston, winning
a majority out of 100 games. In the tour
nament held in New York in January,
18S0, in which the! late Albert Frey com
poted, lie camo within one point of tiein3
Frey for first place. In February, 1890, he
competed in the Syroouse tournament and
tied with Da Oro for first place. He lost
on tho play off.
Powers is of medium height, rather slen
der and plays a great up hill game. He is
in earnest when he says he will play any
man in America continuous pool, J. L.
Malono, of Chicago, and Manning pre
ferred. Powers lays his recent defeat to
the tremendous lead which Manning ob
tained during the first of the three nights'
play, which gave his opponent such confi
dence that even in spite of fine up hill
work on his own part for the two remain
ing nights Manning got out first. Powers
says: "It would not happen again like that
in a lifetime, and I am positive I can beat
that man. My 3100 with the Brunswick
Balke people as a forfeit to play for $500 is
enough of a guarantee that I mean to do
it. But the two men I much prefer to play
seem to keep quiet."
Tho National Anthem at Theatres.
The New York Dramatic Mirror recently
suggested that the theatrical orchestras of
New York play the national anthem after
every performance as the audiences go out.
This proposal was enthusiastically accepted
by the managers and as soon as the cur
tain drops on the final act the stirring
strains of "The Star Spangled Banner"
ring out in every play house in New York.
Nor has the matter stopped there. Every
day The Mirror receives letters from man
agers in towns and cities distant from New
York, saying that they, too, have adopted
tho plan, and it seems likely to become
general throughout the country.
New Theatres ia Brooklyn.
The big city of Brooklyn has at present
no really first class theatre, but during the
coming season two new ones will be built
and one old one will be remodeled.
A lively- Gtiding.
St. John (aged) is a chestnut gelding by
Botheration, dam by Victory. lie is a long
striding horse that now and again last sea
son ran well enough to justify the belief
that he would be in the hunt this season
for several good stakes. He is owned by
L. L. Lloyd. He ran his first race this
year at Clifton on Jan. 8.. and was beaten
by a neck by Fordham. Oa Jan. 8 ho again
ran second to Fordham. On April 18 he
was again beaten by Fordham in a race for
all ages at three-quarters of a mile. Up to
May 14 he ran in eleven races, and although
he never crossed the line first it ts worthy
of notice that in but two cases he failed to
run 1,
The professional oajrsmen, Hanlan, Ross,
Lee, Plaisted, Teemer, Gaudaur, Hosmer
and McKay, have made arrangements
for entering the race? of the Duluth-Supe
rior Regatta.association on July 21-86. Th'o
decision of the Minnesota and Winnipeg
Bowing association to hold its regatta in
conjunction with tho Duluth-Superior will
add greatly to the latter, and western oara
men consider it a good move.
The last victory of Kemp over Matters
son, the two professionals who have rowed
two races In Australia recently, was won
by over a Wnute, and it has decided in the
minds of Australians who is the better of
the two.
An English rowing critic predicts that
Charles 6. Hsotta* the American who is
now there ftp take part in the Henley re-
ihjpSayed last year^Hesays'Tsotta will
lead for a short distance and will be polled
doTpn after half way by Nickalls." Niv
alis is the Englishman who beat the ejbtter
pristeg Amencan laot year.- He,.
PtxrttaU a very ateady
be«t9n *U'
grasses in abundance.
Give us a call and satisfy yourselves.
8. St. John is a rangy, stylish
looking horse and may yet surprise some
of the more fancied candidates for ]big
The recent victories the eight oared crew
of Cornell university has won have caused
Impromptu expressions from the authori
ties of the college that better facilities for
athletic contests on botV hind and water
should in the future, bo furnished to the
students. It is thought that quite a boom
will take place in this line at the college
next fall. Charles E. Cortney, tho college
crew coach, is receiving much praise from
the students for his successful efforts.
Johq Satterlund,
McLean County
McLEAN COUNTY is situated on the Missouri river, and adjoins Burleigh county
on the north. It covers an area of 928 square miles, and contains 614,120 acres of the
finest quality of farming land. The soil is a rich black loam, from eighteen inches to
three feet in depth, with Clay subsoil) and is capable of producing enormous crops of
cereals and vegetables it also has fine grazing and meadow lands, oieldmg nutritious
Washburn lias -a fine courthouse and jail, two large hotels, substantially built ^r
50-barrel flour mill, three general stores, a blacksmith and wagon shop, and a numbor
of substantial residences.
MoLean county is noted for its extensive coal fields, which underlies nearly its en
tire area. In fact, there is coal enough in McLean county alone to supply the state
of North Dakota with fuel for half a century. It is found in all parts in stratas varyf
ing in thickness from three to fifteen feet, and it is a matter of but a short time when
this coal will yield an immense revenue to the enterprising owners of the land.
The extensive stock ranges, the superior agricultural lands, and the cheap fuel in .5:
wood and coal, of McLean county offer the greatest inducements to settlers.
Farm Maoliinery

The FaradUe of North Dakota A Half Million Acres of Fertile AgrlcuUiiTCS lands*^^|ii
still open to settlement, and all underlaid with immense veins of Coal.
A, Ji I v4'JV-.. v- .- -.
WASHBURN, the county seat, is admirably located, being on a beautiful plateau at^
the "Big Bend" of the Missouri river, and commanding an excellent view of the river]*
for several miles in each direction. Several mail and transportation lines diverge:
from here, and it is the most important point on the Bismarck, Washburn & Coal
Harbor Steam-Packet Line. It is also the terminal point of the projected Aberbeen,
Bismarck «fc Northern Tailroad, now merged into the great "Soo". line, which has sur- •"$!
veyed the line and secured the right of way to Washburn.
All kinds of building material, excellent blue sandstone, good timber, and fine clay'
for brick-making, can be found in the immediate vicinity of Washburn, and have been
used extensively by the citizens of the county. An excellent quality of brick, as well
as the best of lime, are manufactured on the outskirts of the town*'.'
We will sell our goods' at the lowest living prices for
Gash or its equivalent.
Live Stocl5L, etc.
am overstocked with Dress Shirts", Shoes,
and Hats, and will give you some big
Cr Bargains for the next
Farm Produce Bought and Sold.
Headquarters for the Washburn & Bismarck, Washburn A Berthold, Woshhurn
*, /A, Coal Harbor, and Washburn & Turtle Lake S^AGE LI^ES.
ItiY BlSSt® 3S|
Bx ,5. H. COP
-V '-Jv'.
W' '.#•
Washburn, N. D.
North Dakotal
/fj? w®,

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