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r^.. (Ai ii ?a U,v $: II 4? 4 S&J* '-ft ft. 5 7 The granger policy has almost absolutely .killed the investment of outside-capital in ••^the northwest. Ithas for time, put a stop to all construction and the same men who, in the mass, are responsible for the cessation of- railroad building, continue ifrom every city and township to clamor for *v John P. Bray, the republican candidate for re-election as state auditor, is one of "the boys" who occupy a front seat on the band wagon. We predict Bray's re-elec tion by a largely increased majority. Geo. H. Soule and Col. John A. Ely, of McHenry county, shipped five car loads of Mouse river cattle from Towner last week. The lower Mouse river country is one of the beat stock regions in North Dak6ta. The Towner News and Stockman says that Hans J. Kopperdahl, late superinten dent of schools of MoHenry county, has accepted a position as editor-in-chief of the Montana Folke-Blad, a Scandinavian paper published at Helena. Bismarck Commonwealth: Bro. Bierly of the Northwest News made a mistake when he attacked the character of Editor Wood of Washburn. Bro. Wood is a clean, upright young man, and -not what one might think from an article published in a recent issue of the News. Take it all back, Bro. Bierly, for you are wrong and have wronged a stranger. Some temperance enthusiast asserts that the efforts to raise the poor and degenerate inebriate and his family are praotically of no value as long as marriage with inebri ates is permitted. The legislature of the state of Victoria, in Australia, recently passed a law which gives a wife the right of divorce if the husband is found to be an habitual drunkard. If after marriage she discovers that he is an inebriate, she can also get a divorce. The husband can do the same with a wife if she is proved to be an inebriate. Many of our states have laws bearing similarly on this subject. It is a clear anticipation of the higher senti ment which demands relief from the bar barous law which would hold marriage with a drunkard as fixed and permanent, Legislation and Kailroud Construction. The following extract from the Invest ment Circular of John H. Davis Co., for August, too truthfully portrays the deplor able condition to which railroad construc tion in the west and northwest has been brought by too much buncombe legisla tion. The facts and figures given below certainly furnish much food for the reflec tive mind, and worthv a careful perusal: As in 1889, the table of new milage shows in a very forcible manner the effect of the hostile attitude of certain western states toward transportation corporations, both upon railway companies and capital ists who furnish the money for railway building. As has been frequently pointed out, Iowa has taken the lead in unjust leg islation. In the nine years from 1879 to 1887 inelusive, the average annual increase of railway mileage in that state was 452 in the two years of 1888 and 1889, when Iowa was flying the banner of hostility and oppression, the average was 61 miles in the first half of 1890 not one mile of rail road has been laid. In Minnesota, where there has likewise been high-handed in justice on the part of legislators and com missioners, only two miles have been adde'd in the half year, while the average for the ten years from 1879 to 1888 was 284. Ne braska has been apparently envious of the record of Iowa and has entered upon a similar crusade. The result is shown in the building of only 70 miles thus far this year, and of but 46 miles in 1889, while the average annual increase for the ten years from 1879 to 1888 was 363}£ miles. The state of Kansas, which was built up from 364,000 population in 1870 to nearly 1,500, 000 in 1888, mainly by the growth of her railway system, and which had an average annual addition of 633 miles in the ten years ending with 1888, has likewise disre garded gratitude or equity in her reoent dealings with railroad corporations. The effect is seen in an addition of but 60 miles' in the year 1889 and of 67 miles in 1890. In these four states altogether only 1228 miles have been built this year, and only 334 were added in 1889, against an aver age of 1,689 for the ten preceding years. It would be folly to attribute these notable results to other than the cause we have named. As the the Northwestern Rail roader of St. Paul says: "It is not that there is not room for many more miles of road. It is not that there is not need of new roads in many di rections. It is not that particular locali ties are not asking loudly enough for new lines to be built. The reason is to be found solely in the oppressive anti-railroad poli cy which the-northwestern states have seen £t to adopt. The publio abuse of corpor ations makes railroad building and rail road operation a thankless task. The leg islation of the northwestern states during the last few years, and the course pursued 'by the railroad commissioners of these states, have made the profitable operation of railroads, even under the most favorable conditions, a thing almost jjmpossble. A •Hl, t* "yfl*\1"1( 'A* J. L. Coltori, Ward county's standing candidate for the state senate, bought a wind-mill at Minot, the other day. It looks as though Joe was going to invoke all the force of the Northwest territory to run his campaign this fall. Say, Dncle Dick Copeland, soothe the Wood-en head of the Washburn Mail— there is a hot box there.—Grand Forks News. He's soothed. He is out of the newspa per business now, and is discharging duties in an honorable position at a very hand some salary. Minot Journal: Sheriff Pitts, of Mc Henry county, was in the city Tuesday, having just returned from a trip to the Missouri river. The people of the com monwealth of McHenry cannot do better than to re-elect the stalwart Pitts to office this fall. Steele Ozone: Major and Mrs. Corwin and Clint left Monday night on a two weeks' visit to their old home at Pecatoni ca, 111. They will combine business with pleasure and the major expects to come back greatly improved in health. C. G. D. Watkins will have charge of the clerk of court's office during Maj. Corwin's absence. Carrington Independent: One. of the pleasant features the farmers of North Dakota have to contemplate this year is the high price paid for low grade wheat. Last Monday rejected wheat sold in Min neapolis as high as one dollar a bushel. There will be a large amount of low grade wheat in Foster county and farmers should get it thrashed as soon as possible so as to take advantage of the present high price that is being offered for it. Fargo Argus: By mail comes a 4-4 pic ture of Hon. James E. Reed, of McHenry county, taken by Mr. E. H. Thursby—with his little kodak—and a real good picture it is—the same having been enlarged by Mr. Thursby and sent with his compliments to the Argus—a picture worthy of the art ist, and the Argus rejoices that its esteemed friend Banker Thursby kindly remembers its humble existence—midst all the multi tudinous waves of his conglomerate inter ests, ramifying over the hills and dales, mountain sides and green grassy valleys of McHenry, where the clear waters of the mountain streams trickle down the hill side, babbling o'er the glade and making rythmic music along the velvety plain, as it meanders its sinuous course toward its Mecca—at Devils Lake—where all hopes are centered—so to speak. The elevator wheat storage question is being quite extensively agitated through out North Dakota just now. The several laws passed by the legislature, which at the time looked more like political bun combe than legislation of practical benefit to the farmers, prove to be what their first appearance indicated. These laws are so complicated and conflicting that neither the railroad commission nor the attorney general have been able to intelligently de termine how their provisions can be car ried into practical effeot. The matter has been allowed to drag along without any effort at solution of the question until the storage problem is now upon us. The elevator companies, with that discretion which ought to be expected of any intelli gent business men, have declined to put their heads into a halter that would hang them, as these laws would do. The object of all business and industrial pur suits is gain, or at least remuneration for time, labor or capital employed, and no sane person or company can be expected to employ either with any other object than present or ultimate gain in view. It is simply unreasonable and absurd to ask or expect elevator companies to do a stor age business, at a loss as is clearly shown they "would do at -a loss if they should operate under the 'present laws of this state. It is to be hoped the next leg islature will give us reasonable and equit able laws on this subject and not burden the statutes with buncombe legislation for the temporary political exaltation of indi vidual members.—Jamestown Capital. £j§$. 1 P& The Minnie H., the well known steam er ou Devils Lake, carrying a full load of passengers, struck on a rock on Sun day, and had a narrow escape from de struction. The News puts the case hu morously as follows: "The passengers feared And were mighty skeered, for they couldn't get lioii6 to tea and they thought from the squeak she had sprung a leak, but nary a leak sprung she. But the girls they cried, shrieked, and 'oh my'd,' aiid thought they would surely go under but the gentlemen swore, like the knights of yore, they would 'save 'em or die, by thunder!'. So an apron was hoiited—'ship in dis-. tress!' and for. seven long hours they waited wheft Call & Cowies came and took them off, cold, hungry, but some wliAt belated. They say that 'the Sun day newspaper must go,' who have for the same an aversion but one thing is certainyfbat wilh it, too, must go the 'Sunday excursion^ l?f"Xi V- T-—7^ 'o, ', Local Brickbats. tot For late telegraphic news read inside. J. E. Britton made a trip to Bismarck this week. Samuel Fairman and his mother visited Bismarck Tuesday. Wm. Reuter of Turtle Lake made us a pleasant call Monday. Stun Allen of Conkling was a visitor to town last Saturday. Peter Miller was in from Turtle Lake to get a "busted up" mower sickle repaired. The choicest lot of candies, nuts and canned goods in the city can bo found at T. Fitzgerald's. Join, O. Fjarli of Towner, McHenry couuty, visited the county seat on Mon day. Supt. Waliin expects to visit the Paci fic coast next winter, atid intends leav ing in October. School will begin in Washburn next Monday under the tutorship of Miss Jean ette Ward, of Bismarck. The ladies of Washburn are talking of getting up a harvest-home dinner some time during September. Dr. F. R. Smyth returned froiii Berthold Thursday night. He reports everything moving smoothily at the agency. Sweet cider, ginger ale, and root beer, harmless, cooling, healthful drinks, always on hand, at T. Fitzgerald's. Wm. Wood, son of Capt. C. P. Wood, made the Leadeb a pleasant call Wednes day and added his name to our roll of honor. Annie Olson, daughter of Hans Olson of Sverdrup township, came up from Bismarck Monday on a brief visit to her parents. Robt. Nelson, David and William Palmer of Ft. Totten drove through Washburn yesterday on their way to Bismarck. Geo. E, Adams, of Fainted Woods, came up early Monday morning after a supply of binding twine. George is a hustler of the first water. .' Miss Tillie Anderson, who has been vis ing her parents in this county for the past two or three weeks, returned to Bismarck on last Tuesday's stage. Samuel Falconer last week purchased some 250 head of sheep of Lanterman Bros., of Mandan, and has placed them on his ranch 10 miles below Washburn. It is rumored that the Burlington Re porter is to be moved to Minot in a week or two, and will be run in the interests of the opposition to the republican ticket. Wonder what Dr. Smyth wanted with that pound of Persian insect powder which he sent down after from Berthold the other day? Haugeberg says he never saw any flies on the Doc. The schools in Satterlund township will begin operations next Monday, Sept. 1st. Miss Ada Musson will have charge of school No. 2, and Miss Ivy Lambert will preside over school No. 1. Geo. L. Robinson, the Coal Harbor mer chant, passed Washburn Thursday even ing enroute to Bismarck after another load of goods. He was followed yesterday by Luke Eskes with a second team. Publio Examiner Wm. G. Hayden and wife arrived in Washburn Monday. This was Mrs. Hoyden's first trip west of Fargo, and she was very much pleased with the Missouri slope's picturesque scenery, i.. Owing to the fact that the school house has been recently painted inside, and not yet dry enough for use, Rev. Brownell will deliver his lecture on Amerioan politics in the court room at 8 o'clock to-morrow af ternoon. Miss Palmer, teaeher in the Ft. Steven son school, came down on Monday's stage enroute for her home at Ft. Totten on a twenty days' leave of absence. Miss Palmer is regarded with high favor at Stevenson, and has proven a successful and competent teacher. Rev. Brownell will preaeh at Conkling to-morroy morning at 10:30 o'clock. The reason for making the hour earlier at Conkling to-morrow morning, is that he intends delivering his lecture on "Amerioan Politics" in the court room at Washburn at ft o'clock in the afternoon. Mr. Swan, brother of ^Mrs. M. Fairman of Falconer, came to Bismarck last Tues day after his two young daughters .who have been visiting with their aunt at Fal coner the past, two months. Mr. Swan is superintendent of .the Western Union tele graph office at Helena, Montana, and has a force of forty nien under hfe supervision. Don't be frightened with a third par ty bugaboo. There are not enough of Walter Muir to furnish candidates for a complete ticket^ and it-is not likely bij will endorse ane half, of himself to the prejudice of the other half. Walter t. Volume 1. Washburn, McLean County, North Diakota, Saturday, August 30, 1890 Number 10. Miss 8. Blanche Hedrick, of Dnion City. Ind., arrived at Washburn'on Wednesday's stage enroute to Ft. Stevenson, where she has been engaged as a teacher in the In dian school. G. W. Stewart and T. Patterson, a couple of hustlers from Pierro, S. D., were in town yesterday. They took passage with J. E. Britton for the up-rivor country to look over McLoan county coal lands. Mr. and Mrs. L. Casselman returned from Bismarck Monday evening. Larry says he found himself in bad shape when he struck the capital city. The law pro hibiting original packages is now in force there, and. the man who can't exhibit chalk on?\i= hands stands—a- rvnor-ahoty indued: He. foiled to catob'on to the chalk. And now the explanation cQmes from Major John S. Murphy's headquarters at the Ft. Berthold agency. It of the female persuasion and tips the beam at 10 lbs., her weight, size and lung capacity having been recorded last Sunday. Major Mur phy has his hands full now and he is a happy man. At last 'accounts mother and clild were doing welL Capt. C. P. Wood started Thursday morning for the home of his daughter and the scenes of his boyhood at Oconomowoc, Wis., where he will make his future homo. We rogret to lose Capt. Wood from our midst, for ho was a good citizen and a iiloasant gentleman. The Lkadeb follows hirii with its best wishes for a safo journey and a happy future. There are but very few men who were mcpnbers of the last legislature who should be honored again with seats there this wrater. Tho botch they helped to make of the few laws they did pass is enough to sink them forever into ridicule and obliv ion. Pick out better men. Not those men who are anxious and want to represent yon, but men whom you know are endowed with a little horse-sense and honesty. Landlord Satterlund had been enjoying an excellent tooth-ache for several days, when suddenly something occurred to mar the pleasures of the occasion, and Tuesday morning Mr. S. thought 'twere better to part company with his old friend ere an other rupture, and suiting the action to the thapght he bade Hans take care of the ho tei^whilo he mounted the stage and drove it to Bismarck himself, intent on seeing a dentist. He saw one, and he's a happy man. Rev. Brownell and wife visited Stovonson and Berthold during the past week and re turned home Tuesday night. Mr. Brownell remained several days at Ft. Stevenson, where, under formal authority, he passed an examination before Prof. George E. Gerowe, superintendent of the government school at Stevenson. He says the exam ination was the severest he ever underwent, and he.speaks in the highest terms of Prof. Gerowe'a thorough and masterly scholar ship. Wm. G. Hayden, public examiner for the state of North Dakota, visited Washburn the fore part of this week, and spent all day Tuesday and Tuesday evening exam ing the records of the county treasurer and county auditor. He says he found the rec ords and vouchers all right, but that be ginning with October some changes in the system of book-keeping must be inaugu rated by the auditor to comply with the new revenue law. We found Mr. Hayden to be a well-posted and very pleasant gen tlemen, and thoroughly versed in North Dakota politics, which, by the way, he does not allow to interfere with him in impar tially discharging his official duties. Geo. S. Herbert in Steele Ozone: While at Bismarck recently we had the pleasure of: meeting R. H. Copeland of the Wash burn Leader. Mr. Copeland, or "Dick" as he is familiarly known, is an old timer in the northwest, having worked on the Bis Marek Tribune in its earliest days, and he delights now to recall th* time when he and D. R. Streeter, of the Emmons County Record, were fellow craftsmen in that office. Dick knows how to keep his friends and they are legion in these parts who would like to see him prosper at Washburn. Wm. E. Low came down from his ranch Tuesday enroute to Bismarck. He was ac companied by his sister Mrs. H. L. Demar estf and her daughter Marie, Miss- Flora Graves and Miss Charlotte Savage,who wore returning to their homes at Patterson, N. J. These ladies came out -here on a visit to Mn Low about the 12th of July, and have spent tho whole of that time on the ranch en, oying "frontier life," passing the days in. innting, fishing, horse-back riding, (or ins restern parlanco, "broncho-busting"), 1 raoing over the prairies in search of I and flowers. The ladies came here a pble, eadavorons looking group, but they arw returning to their eastern homes with hei Ith improved and their cheeks kissed by.': the 1 LEADER. 14. J. Moonoy, recent clerk at Berthold, came down from tho agency yesterday en route for tho east. Rev. Brownell starts for tho Turtle Mountains next Monday, and will bo ab sont about ton days. County Auditor C. T. Lnngo returned homo yesterday, bringing with him Mrs. Lange and his big, bouncing boy. C. E. Meech, democratic candidate for stato auditor, dropped dead at the dopot in Mandan Thursday evening. Hotel Arrivals. At tho Merchants: W. E. Low, Low's ranch Mrs. H. L. Demarest-and daughter Marie, Miss Charlotte Savage, Miss Flora Graves, Patterson, N. J. Geo. Weaver, Low's ranch C. P. Wood. Coal Lake Miss S. Blanche Hedrick, Union City, Ind. Olo H. Holtan, Hans Holtan, O. Everson, Sver drup Poter Miller, Turtle Lake Geo. L. Itobinson, Coal Harbor B. J. Moonoy, The Republicans of Wisconsin have renominated Gov. Hoard, and he de clares himself strongly in favor of the Bennett law. Aberdeen News. Miss Cora Belle Fellows, who married the Indian Chaska some two years u«o, has taken up her residence jn Forest City. According to the Gettysburg In dex she had fracas with the Indians over a box of government soap. Iler liege lord remains with liis people ou his native heath. Ou account of the continuous drouth which prevails throughout Montana, several ranchers have been to ship their entire herds markets. Numerous Hocks have been taken to North graze on its fertile plains, where scarcity of feed is un unknown thing. compelled to eastern of sheep Dakota to At the last meeting of the Jamestown Asylum Board it was found that the ex pense for fuel had decreased four to live dollars per day from the use of North Dakota coal. This is good autho rity of its value, and the N. P. should certainly correct its lying statement in the New York Sun. The recent heavy frosts in the lied Uiver Valley has destrroyed all late grains. Thin will shorten the North Dakota wheat crop several hundred thousand bushels, but still these crop reporters continue to send in reports of heavy yields throughout the entire State. The North Dakota school for the deaf, located at Devils Lake, will be open to receive scholars the second Wednesday in September. We would suggest that the managers of a few of our grinding monopolies, who fail to hear the cries of a distressed public, be Bent there for treatment. READ THIS. Through special arrangements we are prepared to offer the Lkadkh, the North western Agriculturist and a Due Bill for one dollar's worth of John A. Salzer' seeds bulbs or plants, all for the low price of $1.70. If taken separately they would cost $3. This is certainly a very liberal offer. Tho Northwestern Agriculturist is ono of the very best periodicals for farmers' use published in the west. Salzer's are north ern grown, and are acknowledged to be equal to the best on tho market. Re member, $1.70 cash in advance takes the three. Don't lose this chance. Call on or address, Leadkb, Washburn. 91c CASH WELLER, COAL mp beautifying, heathful ozone of No th Dakota's lovely dime. Browned by oifi toortbern winds and ecorohing.Bun, and wi$ an aggregate increase of over. .85 pounds avoirdupois,r th* quartette start npdn their homeward journey with earnest rations that .the/never enjoyed a pleasant seasonin sljtheirlives. ...^ -n. 01c Paid for County Warrants. Ninety-one cents (91c) on the dollar. Ramskxt Buos., Washburn, N. D. Notice—Caution. I hereby caution all persons against purchasing or negotiating a certain prom issory note, secured by mortgage, made by me in favor of M. J. Handy, payable De cember 1st, 1890, as I have not received any value for the same. Petkb Mix.ua. Turtle Lake, McLean Co., N. D., July 22,1890. 5-8 Washburn & Berthold STAGE LINE® VIA HARBOR AND FORT STEVENSON. JAMES BABTBON, Proprietor. Stage leaves Washburn for Ft. 'rthold on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, and returns to Wasaliurn ou Wednesdays, Fridays and Mon days, making sure couuetifon at Washburn with the Stages for Bismarck. Headquarters In Washburn at the Merchants Hotel, comfortable rigs and good teams. Washburn & ilifif 'Coal Harbor STAGE LINE. VIA CONKLING and HANCOCK. JAMEf* BABTBON, Proprietor, Choice Lands for Sale On Liberal Terms wltbln the Keach of All. The undersigned hw for sale a few choice tracts of farm land in McLean coun ty, among which are ono section in town ship 144, range 81, one section in township 144, range 82, and two sections in town ship 145, range 82, which will be sold in whole or in subdivisions, as desired, on the following liberal terms: The conditions of the sale of the above tracts provide that from one-fourth to one-third of the land purchased, as may be agrood, shall bo broken up and proper ly cultivated to crops in each of the first threo yoars from date of purchase, and., thereafter all of the land, as may be agreed, shall bo cultivated to crops in each succes sive year. In payment for tho land the purchaser is to dolivor in each year after purchase, at the timo and place agreed upon, to the party from whom tjie land is purchased, OKE-nALF or the cuoi-s baisbd in each tkak, and to roceive credit there for at the market value at tho time of de- livery. Such payments to be continued from year to year until the aggregate sum for which tho lnnd is sold, and 8 ier cent annual interest, is fully paid, with the con dition that at least half of the price of the land and accrued interest shall be paid within fivo years, and all of it within eight yoars from the date of purchase. A liberal discount wili lid made for cash, and, if desired, purchasers can pay part cash and the balance in from fonr to eight years, as may bo desired, at 7 per cent interest. I also have Deeded coal and grazing land for sale at a bargain. Improved farms, with lionscs, barns and grauories, for sale or ront. Business and residence lots in Washburn for sale. Settlors located on government land. Any information, maps or other data furnished on application. JOHN SATTERLUND. Washburn, N. D. R. H. COPELAND, N O A I WASIfHUHN. McMCAN COUNTY. N. I). Bismarck I Washburn STAGE LINE. JOHN SATTERLUND, Proprietor. PACIFIC HOTEL Fourth Street, BIHMABCK, N. I). By Mrs. Louis Peterson. This House is centrally located, amlhaste thoroiiKhly refurnished throughout. The rooms arc pleasant and comfortable. $1 to $1.50 per Day. We Will Pay $8 PER TOJQ* For biiff&lo bones deliv ered at our store, \$r s' Tiy STRAIN BROS. •$&- -DEALEBS IN- General '*M «*4 S?%:! v,:^ £1 •v. Ht.-iL'p leaves Washburn on Tuesday, Thursday jat' and Saturday mornings, arriving at lllmnnrrk ai about p. in. same days. Leaves Bismarck Mon day, Wednesday and Friday mornings.' stnue Office at lUsman-k, In I'arlfle House: at Washburn, In Merchants I lotol. ^"Stages connect at Washburn for all points- $ North and West. Excellent Stabling connected with the Iloutc, In charge of a trusty groom. vl WANTED -.fit 4'% 4 j| A v? rs«?i 1 A 4* Merchandise"