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Ill'- o» W" a-- H-* & yb mt THE WASHBURN LEADER. VUBI.TMHKD EVERY SATUIUIAY, E. H. COMXAND, EDITOB. SUBSCRIPTION THICK. SI PER YEAR. Thin paper Is entered as necoiid-chiss matter at tho Postofflcc at Washburn. North Dakota. The Republican*State Ticket. For Member of Congress— M. N. JOHNSON, of Nelson. For (Jovcrnor- A. II. 1HJRKK, of Cass. For Lieutenant (iovernor— U()41KK A I.I.I X, of Walsh. For Secretary of State— JOHN KMTTIE, of Traill. For State Auditor— JOHN 1». HKAY, of (jraml Forks. For State Treasurer— ].. K. ItOOKKK, of 1'eiiiblua. For Attorney General— V. A. M. SI-KNCKlt, of Walsh. For Superintendent of rulilli: Instruction— JOHN OCUKX, of Mrlntosh. For Commissioner of AKrlnilture— II. T. llEUiKSON, of Cavalier. For Commissioner of Insurance— A. I- CAltKV, of Cass. For ltallroad Commissioners— EOK( II. WAI.SH, of (irand Forks. C.E01UJK W. IIAKMON, of Morton. ANUltKW SI.OTTEN, of Klrhland. "A Step Forcwiirl." Wo copy from tho Mail of last week tho following editorial under tlio above cap tion: There is at last a strong interest awakened ainomi our South Dakota neighbors regarding the lignite fuel of thin region, and it is safe to assume Hint this coining winter many of the dwel lers in the claim shanties, farm houses and town homes of the counties adjac ent to the Missouri in South Dakota, will be burning McLean county coal at less than three dollars a ton, 111 place of Iowa, Indiana and Illinois sol't coal (not by any means guiltless of slate) at $7.50 to $9. In the coining winter also, the thoughts of inauy wil- be turned to the study, earnest and practical, of menus by which all parts of the two ststes may be leadily supplied with North Dakota lignite at minimum rates. Although the scheme of boating the lignite down the river is one of great utility, and perfectly practicable if properly hand led, when it comes to delivering the fuel at points inland, or far from the point, of first unloading, lidded expense with other bad features will arise: and ns a result the field of usefulness of the river method must be restricted. It should be remembered that there is no railroad touching the river between Pierre and Bismarck. It is true that indications point to the completion of the line from Forest City to Uowdle, and to the early building of a road from 1'ierre to Aberdeen and on to Oakes. The opening of this important enter prise of commerce in the native fuel of North Dakota is an event fraught with great promise of the rapid development of this couutv in particular. It is a foregone conclusion that as the value of the blessing nature lias bestowed up on this section becomes known, capital will be attracted hither, and the conse quent interests of many people will be identified with the advancement of Mc Leau county. So much has been said about lignite that it seems superfluous to repeat the old praises, which, though merited aud honestly given, have become platitudes to our readers. Yet, like persistent ad vertising, this repeated heralding of the abundant fuel deposits in our neigh borhood, during the years that have elapsed since it first began, has had its effect. People have heard of the coal, have no doubt smiled at first at what they deemed a "boon" dodge, but, be ing repeatedly assailed by it have gra dually come to take some interest in the matter. Now. away down at Pierre, the first practical advance 011 the new road has been made, and we venture to Bay that another year will see a wonder ous change in the condition of things in the lignite region. The organization of the Pierre com pany Is completed and it is evidently in hands of men who will see that no time is lo«t in getting matters into active operation. With literally thousands of acres of land underlaid with this valuable fuel McLean county is destined to come to the front in' all respects. She takes no second place in point of agricultural and grazing advantage. Dunielth Herald. -v It lias been learned that seveial school ]orders have been forged upon the South Valley school district by Pat rick Rogers. An order for $105 was presented to the Bank of St. John to be cashed, which was done for 8o cents on the dollar, also one for 170 was cashed by the bank of Rugby. After Rogers obtained the money he skipped for parts unknown. Several days later it was reported that he was in the vicinity of St. Thomas,where an officer was sent to make the arrest. Several other par ties are connected with the crime. V-:"\»v ANNUAL REPORT. An Interesting Paper. Superintend ent Gevowe'a Annual Report of the Ft. Stevenson In dian School. By the kindness of Supt. Gerowe of the Ft. Stevenson School, we have been loaned copy of his Annual Report, which we publish in full. There are some financial statistics which are not embodied in this report, and which it would doubtless Le out of place to give to the public before their arrival at Washington: Oi'Kicu OK SUPERINTENDENT, FT. STEVENSON, N. D., August 9,1890. In submitting my second annual re port of this school, it is gratifying that I can speak of the year's work as one of general improvement and advance ment. The attendance has been still larger than last v«ar—the average by quarters being us follows: First quarter, 70 Second 1'W Third HO Fourth 112 The month's vacation during tlie sum mer materially lessens the average for the first quarter and correspondingly afreets the general average for the whole year. An increase of 10 or 12 more pupils which I hope to secure the near future, will fill the school extent of its capacity. in to to A Early in the year steps were taken secure water works for the school, large receiving tank and tank house were constructed. An Aermoter was purchased from the Aermoter Company of Chicago, together with the neces sary pipes, hose, &c., to conduct the water not only to the buildings for school purposes, but to the barns for the sjock. The whole of the arrangements are not yet complete, but when finished, no more Simple, but effective, means for supplying water can he had. Besides the tank house, another nice building for the storing of ice has been eroded and in the winter some 60 tons of ice were housed for summer nse. A large and commodious range with steaming table, and hot water tank has taken the place of the old and broken ook stove in the kitchen, which causedt so innch trouble and annoyance. In the laundry the purchase of an ap propriate heater with boiler, hot water tank anil dry room attachments has completely revolutionized the work in this department. In the hoys' department, new floors have been laid in the sitting room and wash room, and other improvements made. A line heater and circulating boiler of 192 galons capacity takes the place of a caldron kettle, and the me chanic is at this date engaged in con structing 7 batli tubs (ofgalvanized iron) and 7 rooms whien are to be connected with the supply of both hot and cold water. The dinning and assembly rooms, as well as the kitchen, have been thor oughly renovated and neatly painted, as likewise the office and all the em ployes'rooms. These, with the num berless minor improvements during the year—place us on such advance ground that one almost wonders how the work heretofore was accomplished. SCHOOL STOCK. The dairy consists of 30 milch cows which supply an abundance of milk to the school, and produce butter enough to last the yaar round. The total number of head owned by the school June 30th was as follow*: 7 horses, 95 cattle, 35 swine and 138 head of sheep. FARM. Tillable land of the school has been worked as follows: AVI.eat 45 acres. Oats 55 Com 10 Potatoes 10 Uaiden 20 Besides this about 25 acres are being summer fallowed. The prospect of obtaining even fair result, is at thiB time doubtful and discouraging. MECHANICS. The carpenter and blacksmith shops, have been under the charge of the same teacher as last year. He has been assisted by pupils detailed for the especial trades and the work done has been thorough and substantial. SHOE SHOP. John P. Lindeleaf is still retained as instructor in this department. On an average he has taught six boys during the year. I learn from his report that over 1000 pairs of shoes have been mended and 212 pairs have been made new. The outside Mork during the year has been considerable. TIN SHOP. This department has remained closed during the year. 'ii' SEWING ROOM.' The regular monthly system of de' tails has placed,some 12 or 14 girls in this department. The work cossists in fabricating for general school use, in making the clothing for girls and in re pairing and darning for the entire school. A step in advance in this department during tho year has been the teaching of tome of the older girls chroclieting and embroidery. The readiness with which tbey take up the werk is surpris ing. V. GENERAL HOUBEWOUK. The general housework—laundry and dairy work has been as last year under the supervision of the Matron, and S* pM means are at hand now to more thor oughly than ever train the girls in the work of these departments. SANITARY. With the exception of a severe-skin trouble among the boys during the last part of the winter and early spring—the health of the school has been very good. Only three deaths occured during the year. GKNAHAL. Very gratifying results have been ob tained in the school rooms. In the dining room the use of table linen for every day gives a more cheerful appear ance, and inspires more neatness on the part of the pupils. In tlie girls' dormi tory the adoption of white Bpreads for constant use has not been without sim ilar influence. In short the general improvement about the school—in the rooms and up on the buildings gives them a much bettter appearance than they possessed a year ago. I must not omit to speak of the ad vance in the manner and pride of dress both among the girls and boys, on Sun day, white dresses and aprons, sailor suits and hats, buttoned elioes, parasols and funs—all of their own purchasing, render many of the girls as becoming as those in whito communities among civilization. While the boys take a great pride in white shirts, collars, ties, cuffs, hats, A little inore than a year ago these things were unknown. But as if to crown the labor of the year and brighten up the dark spots, and bring joy into the hours of care and anxiety, evidence of a work more last ing is about us. Eighteen of the students have been received into the mission of the Con gregational church and more will fol low, anxious to know, liot alone the "white mans way of life" but the ways of life infinitely more blessed. GEO. E. GEROWE, Supt. To the Hon. The Com. of Indian af fairs. Veterinarian Langdon tells the Fargo Republican: "I have returned from Cavalier county, where I killed ten glandered horses,—five belonging to county commissioner Row, four owned by a Mr. Adums, and one belonging to a Mr. Come and there are more that will probably have to be killed. The fate of Mr. Row's horses furnishes a warning to people against buying cheap horses fro'ii strangers passing through the country. Some time ago he bought a horse from a stranger for $25. The uni mal had glanders, and the result is that he lost four other valuable horses. Whenever a horse is seen discharging from the nose, it should be isolated at once, and kept away from other horses until an examination is made. Mr. Adums not only lost four horses (which were all that he had, except a mare aud a couple of colts), but his sou is now suffering from the disease,—having caught it from the horses." .: The Campbell county people are mak inga moye in the right direction. They propose to have a market for their grain on the river, and arrangements have been made by which a price 6 cents in advance of railroad prices will be paid for grain. A coal depot to be supplied from the McLean county mines, will al so be established. Better prices for wheat and cheap rates for coal will make a difference of 23 or 25 cents on the dollar handled by the Campbell county farmers. Let the farmers of Walworth county take hold of this mat ter and vigorously push it, establish a depot at some point in this county on the river, and market every bushel of grain there they raise, and they can confidently expect a solution of our railroad problem by the extension of the Milwaukee road in a few months. Six cents advance over railroad prices is quite a consideration, and a reduction of about $6 on coal is a still greater con sideration.—Walworth Cjunty S.D. Rec ord. Wells County Gazette. There'will be twice as much wheat as there was last year although it will not grade near as high. No 1 hard is going to be scarce, all owing to the severe hot winds. As a whole, Wells county will average ten bushels to the acre. The flax crop is going to fall short several thousand bushels, but every body hopes that it will turn out better than expected, There is also going to be plenty of oats this year, quite ai) item to the farmers who have been compelled to buy feed for their stock for the last year. Taking everything into consideration, Wells county is. all right yet. Opium, rum and death 1 What a tale of woe these words contain. T. W. Sel lick, who committed suicide in Rochest er N. Y., left these warning words as his legacy. He left a letter telling how "ra ther th$n have opium and ruin kill him he preferred to do it himself." In the agony of remorse over bis misspent life, be says: "Young men for God's sake never touch a drop of liquor, It has killed me and will just as surely kill you. I had as bright prospect before me as any young man ever had had a nice position and good salary, but ruin and opium have got tho mastery of me. May an allmercifal God forgive me. Let this be a warning to all for I would likeit posted over the door of every rum shop and opium den in the world." This brief story of a ruined life is an every day occurrence, but even the anguished tale of woe depicted therein has no ef fect on the drunkard. Rum! accursed ruin!—Ex» A Sermon in a Camp of Railroaders. Tho McLean county boys working on tho railroad west of Missoula have been heard from through Ed. Ramsett. He sends us the copy of a sermon which is said to have been preached to the crew there on a recent sabbath, which we publish in full. Ed. says the sermon had a good effect, and the boys were much affected by it: "My beloved brethering—I am a unlarnt hardshell Baptist preacher, of whom you've no doubt hearn afore, and I now appear here to expound theScripters and pint ont the narrow way which leads from a vain world to the streets of Jaroosalem and my tex, which I shall choose for the occa sion, is in the leds of the Bible somewhar between the second Chronikills and the last chapter of Timothy Titus, and when you find it, yon'll find it in these words: 'And they shall gnaw a file, ond flee unto the mountains of Hepsidam, where the lion roareth and the whang-doodle mourneth for its first-born.' "Now, my brethering, as I have before told you, I am an oneddicated man, and know nothing about grammar talk and collidge highfalutin, but I'm a plain, un larnt preacher of the Gospel, what's been foreordained and called to prepare a per varse generation for the day of wrath—eh! 'For they shall gnaw a file and flee unto the mountains of Hepsidam, where the lion roareth and the whang-doodle mourn eth for its first-born—eh!' "My beloved brethering, the tex says 'they 6hall gnaw a file.' It does not say they MAY, but SUAI.II. Now, there is more than one kind of file. There's the hand saw file, the rat-tail file, the single file, the double file, and profile but the kind of a file spoken of here isn't one of them kind, bekause it's a figger of speech, and means going it alone and getting ukered 'For they shall gnaw a file, and flee unto the mountains of Hepsidam, where the lion roareth and the whang-doodle mourneth for its first-born—eh!' '"And now, there be some here with fine olothes on their backs, brass rings on their fingers, and lard on their hair, what goes it while they're yung and there be others here what, as long as their constitooshins and forty-cent whisky lasts, goes it blind. There be sisters here what, when they gets sixteen years old, cuts their tiller-rope and goes it with a rush. But I say, my dear brethering, take care you don't find that, when Gabriel blows his last trump, your hand is played out and you've got ukered —eh! "For they shall gnaw a file and flee unto the mountains of Hepsidam, where the lion roareth and the whang-doodle mourneth for its first-born—eh!' "Now, my brethering, the tex also says, 'they shall fiee unto the mountains of Hep' sidam but there's more dams than Hep' sidam. There's Rotter-dam, Had-dam, Amster-dam, and 'Don't-care-a-dam,' the last of which, my brethering, is the worst of all dams, and reminds me of a sirkum stans I onst knowed in the state of Illinoy. There was a man what built him a mill on the north fork of Ager crick, and 'twas a good mill and ground a sight of grain but the man what built it was a miserable sin ner and never gave anything to the church and my brethering, one night there came a dreadful storm of wind and rain, and the mountains of the great deep was broke up, and the waters rnshed down and swept that man's mill-dam to kingdom come and lo! when he woke up in the morning he found he wasn't worth a dam—eh! 'For they shall gnaw a file and flee unto the mountains of Hepsidam, where the lion roareth and the whang-doodle mourneth for its first-born—eh!' I hope I don't hear anybody larfin,do I? "Now, 'where the lion roareth and the whang-doodle mourneth for its first-born —eh!' This part of my tex, my beseach ing brethering, is not to be taken as it says. It don't mean the howling wilder ness, where John, the hard-shell Baptist, fed on locusts and wild asses but it means my brethering, the city of New Y'Orleans, the mother of harlots and hard lots, where corn is worth six bits a bushel one day and nary a red the next where niggers are as thick as black bugs in spiled bacon, and gamblors, thieves and pick-pockets go skiting about the streets like weasels in a barn-yard where honest men are scarcer than hen's teeth and where a strange wo man once took in your beloved preacher and bamboozled him out of two hundred and twenty-seven dollars in the twinkling of a sheep's tail but thank God, she can't do it again! Hallelu-yah! 'For they shall gnaw a file and flee unto the mountains of Hepsidam^ where the lion roareth and the whang-doodle mourneth for its first-born —eh!' "My brethering, I'm the boss of that ar box car, you see, and have got her loaded with flour, bacon, taters, and as good Mo nongahela whisky as was ever run through a prohibishun state, and I'm mighty apt to get a big price for 'em all but what, my dear brethering, would it all be worth if I hadn't got religion There's nothing like religion, my brethering 'tis better nor silver, or gold, or jimcracks and you can no more get to heaven without it than a jay-bird can fly without a tail—eh! Thank the Lord I'm a oneddicated man, my brethering, but I've sarched the Soripters from Dan to Beeraheba and found Zion right side up and hard-shell religion the best kind of religion—eh! 'Tis not like the Methodis, what 'specks to git to heav en by hollerin' hell fire nor like the Uni verlis what gits on the broad gauge and goes the hull hog—eh! nor like the Yew nighted Brethering what takes each other by the slack of their britches and hists themselves in nor like the Katherlioks what buys threw tickets from their priests but it may be likened unto a man what has to cross the river—eh! and the ferry-boat was gone—so he tuoked up his britches and waded in—eh! 'For they shall gnaw a file and flee unto the mountains of Hep sidam, where the lion roareth and the whangrdoodle mourneth for its first-born eh!'" Please pass the hat, Brother Lonqvist, while the kongregashun sings, tho Dogsology, and lot every hard-shell Baptist shell out." r-ypT Washburn has W'-SNW :a John Satterlund, V* 4 it McLean County. The ParadlHe of North Dakota. A Half Million Acres of Fertile Agricultural Lands Give us a call and satisfy yourselves. Htlll open to settlement, and all underlaid with immense veins of Coal.. McLEAN COUNTY is situated on the Missouri river, and adjoins Barleigh ooanty on the north. It covers an area of 928 square miles, and contains 614,120 acres of the finest quality of farming land. The soil is a rich black loam, from eighteen inches to three feet in depth, with clay subsoil, and is capable of producing enormous crops of cereals and vegetables it also has fine grazing and meadow lands, oielding nutritious grasses in abundance.. /,' WASHBURN, the county seat, is admirably located, being on a beautiful plateau at the "Big Bend" of the Missouri river, and commanding an excellent view of the river for several miles in each direction. Several mail and transportation lines diverge from here, and it is the most important point on the Bismarck, Washburn Sc. Coal Harbor Steam-Packet Line. It is also the terminal point of the projected Aberbeen, Bismarck fc Northern railroad, now merged into the great "Soo" line, which has sur veyed the line and secured the right of way to Washburn. All kinds of building material, excellent blue sandstone, good timber, and fine clay for brick-making, can be found in the immediate vicinity of Washburn, and have been used extensively by the citizens of the county. An excellent quality of brick, as well as the best of lime, are manufactured on the outskirts of the town. fine courthouse and jail, two large hotels, a substantially built 50-barrel flour mill, three general stores, a blacksmith and wagon shop, and a number of substantial residences. OUR COAL FIELDS. McLean county is noted for its extensive coal fields, which underlies nearly its en tire area. In fact, there is. coal enough in McLean county alone to Bupply the state of North Dakota with fuel for half a century. It is found in all parts in stratas vary ing in thickness from three to fifteen feet, and it is a matter of but a short time \yhen this coal will yield an immense revenue to the enterprising owners of the land. The extensive stock ranges, the superior agricultural lands, and the cheap fuel in wood and coal, of McLean county offer the greatest inducements to settlers. RAMSETT BROTHERS, DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE A N We will sell our goods' at the lowest living prices for Cash or its equivalent. CEO. L. ROBINSON, DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE, COAL HARBOR, North Dakota. I am overstocked with Dress Shirts, Shoes, and Hats, and will give you some big Bargains for the next 30 Thirty Days. 30* Farm Produce Bought and Sold. MERCHANTS WASHBURN, N0KTH DAKOTA. Headquarters for the Washburn Si Bismarck, Washburn & Berthold, Washburn A Coal Harbor, and Washburn & Turtle Lake STAGE LINES. EXCELLENT STABLE ACCOMMODATIONS CONNECTED WITH THE HOUSE 1 '0 sf $ SUBSCRIBE FOR w, Br R. H. COPELAND. Zn A#5?" iWP* HOTEL, .. ... tCvWSfMjr.il WJj'/g "H'l Hfc i* THE WASHBURN LEADER. & $rr '•mi Washburn, N. D. SMII 'Irl'hl Proprietor. v'v I ft fa (if One Dollar per Year, "•v,- "i" 'i' ih W™ el1 r-S & sr Pjt. KJ5J V? WM 4 4 Vaj.