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That at Any Otter Newspaper it McLean Co. Best Ad Medium VOL. XXII NO. 28 McLean Compared With Other Counties Statistics Famished by the Bureau of the Census Tell the Facts |r all Want to Know The bureau of the census re cently issued an advance table of statistics showing the principal crops raised by each county. Wheat leads all other grains in the State, oats ranks second followed by flax. The counties that comprise the Missouri Slope are as follows: Adams, Bowman, Burleigh, Duun, Eddy, Emmons, Hettinger, Kidder, Logan, Mcintosh, McLean, Mer cer, Morton, Oliver, Sheridan and Stark. The statistics show McLean county to be well toward the head of the list in amount of grain pro. duced in the Missouri slope. Of the sixteen counties in the Slope McLean produced almost twice as much flax as the next highest county. McLean had 5i0, 709 bushels while Morton county had 301,460 bushels. McLean ranks second in both production of wheat and oats, is sixth in corn, fifth in barley, fourth in rye and third in both potatoes aud hay. This is a table that is a good advertiser for the county. The corn crop is still low but many farmers are now realizing that corn can be raised here as pre tit able as in many other counties and statistics will show this in -years to come. Our Sentiment Too It will cost about a million dol lars to get the wreck of the Maine out of Havana- harbor and the government has been offered about that sum for the old hulk, which offer has been declined ou the ground that it would be sacriligi ous to so dispose of the vessel. There is every probability that the gentlemen with such tender sus ceptibilities would be more apt to accept the offer had the vessel been their private property. It is understood an effort is now being made to donate to various cities portions of the wreck, which if done, would cost the government another large sum for delivery of the souvenirs and the communi ties still wore lor properly setting them up in some park. la our judgment it would be better to sell the old iron and have made with the proceeds a number of real monuments in honor of the brave men who died in the wreck. These would be more lasting emories and more ornemeutal than any part of the self-encrusted vessel Could ever be.—Fargo Courier News.' Coal Resources Minot, Dec 26.—That North Da kota's coal resources were a great surprise to tbe people who at tended the big Chicago land show is the statement of J. M. Devine, one of the Minot people who at- tsterners nded the famous exposition. The had no idea that North Dakota was a great coal state as -well as an agricultural state, and 4j|bey took great interest in the I)akot$' coal exhibit including the briquette which are attracting at tention all over the United States. "The briquetting exhibit proved very interesting to the easterners,*' •aid Mr. Devine today. "I talked with some expert mining men, and ihey were satisfied that North Da fcotaooal has a great future. ?®be show in every way was a great success, and North Dakota polooed a most favorable im jire—ion. Our rota exhibit com pared favorably with that of ll linoia and the famous oorn stotc»# and our potatoes excelled those of the famous irrigating sections of the country. The iorth Dakota exhibit is bound to have a very beneficial effect upon immigra tion." 1 Struck It Rich Fargo, Dec. 2y—E. S. Neal, formerly state senator from Mc Lean county and one of the pio neers of Burleigh county, who is here spending the holidays with his family, who reside here while the sons are at the agricultural college, has 6truck it rich. Senator Neal is interested in a big mining proposition in New Mexico, having reorganized the company. He has just received word that the quartz now being taken out is yielding over $200 a ton and the vein seems inexhaus tible. Senator Neal has spent several winters at the mines and his re ward £or his patience has been long coming, but seems to have made lip for lost time. Farmers Buy Cows Ruso, N. D., Jan. 2.—Ruso is fast becoming one of the most prominent dairying points in west ern North Dakota. W. A. Fergu son and Paul J. Wedge are this week selling to farmers in this vicinity a car load of milch cows just shipped in from Minnesota. The Ruso farmers are glad to get them as they have a surplus of bay aud corn fodder aud they are especially fortunate they can depend on such a crop every year. In the last two years the Ruso territory has exported hay, and still they have a surplus to enlarge their dairy farming. Time to Act On or before March 1, next, candidates for national committee man, presidental elector and for delegate to the party national con vention must tile with the secre tary of state a petition containing one per cent of the vote last fall for congressman, aud in any event containing not leBS than 500 names on it, if he is to be in the running. It will require the same number of signatures on a petition to place the name of a candidate for president and vice president on the ballot. There are five electors, ten com mitteemen and one national com mfttteWnn *6 elect ift party, and inasmuch as die person can not sign all the petitions that come along candidates will have to hustle to make up their string of URmes and it seems as though it were time to begin. ... If the voters make no effort to select these various candidates, the self interested politicians will move tor themselves in this as in other political matters, and before the voters realize what has hap pened, the list will be filed with the names of men who are "right" petitions signed and filed, and the sleepy voters will then reluctantly have choose the men who are groomed and tottered out by the special interests which are playing tin- game now .with a feverish auxiety never%:( shown before, through more than ever under cover. The pnnjpry laws were euaoted for the benefit of the voter. If he goes to sleep on the job he has no one -to blame but himself/ The newspapers talk and, the interested people read and think and talk and evolve Progressive ideas and purposes, bat the interests act by getting them oat first. Tajk is useless if not supported by action, and aotion is useless if it comes too late.—Fargo Searchlight. It is Veported that 120,000 Americans with 920,000,000 went to Canada daring the past ya*r. 2 *r Slope Development League Held Session Officers Was Elected For The En suing Twelve Months-Ways and Means Discussed Last Wednesday the members of the Slope Development league met in Bismarck and held one of the most enthusiastic meetings that the organization has thus far held. There were present a num ber from Beach, Washburn, New Salem, Mandan and Bismarck, and many matters were taken up and discussed informally. An eleotion of officers followed and the following were made officers of the league: Earl Klein, Washburn, presi dent. John Christianson, New Salem, vice president. F. E. Near, Beach, vice presi dent. C. L. Timmerman, "Mandan, treasurer. C. H. Olson, Bismarck, secretary. The executive board will soon meet, and at this meeting the ways and means of carrying on the work will be gone into fully. Also systematic publicity work will be a feature of the rneetiug, which will receive considerable attention. Nearly every one who attended went to his home feeling that the work of the league thus far has been very successful, and a greater aud better year for its work is coming. Efforts will be made to reach every county of the state and a- thorough campaigu of publicity in regard to the exhibits for next year's show is now being con sidered. A Thousand Dollars Given Away A strong effort is being made to make the fourth annual North Da kota Corn Show the biggest and best ever. Every farmer in this vicinity who has raised a field of corn should select ten of the best ears and take them or send them to be entered in the Show. It will help to advertise McLean County and will .be a benefit to every farmer living in the vicinity if we can have a good exhibit there. More than one thousand dollars will be given away" in cash pre« tniums, ranging from $20.00 down tofS.OO. In addition to this gold medals and other larger premiums will be awarded. Exhibits should be Bent by pre paid express either to the First National Bank, Fargo, or to G. W. Randlett, the Secretary before January 16th. Insurgents Met Fargo. Jan. 2.—A number of prominent progressive republicans lunched together this afternoon at the Gardner hotel for the purpose of forming plans for the coming meeting of the insurgents which will be held in Fargo Jan. 16, the opening day of the tri-state con vention. It has been planned to hold the sessions of the progres sive republican league in the Sons of Norway temple on North Broad way. Present at the luncheon this noon were Judge A. G. Hanson, president of the insurgent league Emerson H. Smith, Benedecke of Grand Forks, Norwegian consul J. A. Buchanan, insurgent candi date for republican nomination for governor and A. G..Fowler. Two members of the local committee, Ri M. Pollock and W. J. Pricef were absent. All the plans for the meeting of the progressives were not given but, but will probably be made public this afternoon .at the eon- '.f.'A'V'!. THE LEADER WASHBURN, N. D. JAN. 5, 1912, Not A Candidate, Governor's Word Burke Declares All Talk Of Har mon-Burke Alliance Is Just Newspaper Gossip "lam not a candidate for any office." "All talk to that effect has beeu started without my know ledge or consent," said Governor John Burke to a Conner-News re I porter while in Fargo recently. "What is your opinion of the story from the Twin Cities, re garding an alliance between your self and Goveruor Harmon of Ohio?" he was asked. "Oh, that is all newspaper talk and I have nothing further to say on it, except that I know nothing whatever of any such alliance and take no stock in it," answered the executive. "How would you answer the charges made recently that the finances of the state are low?" "The statement in the Fargo Forum to that effect is ab solutely false," was the answer, and it can do no more harm in North Dakota. It might tend to hurt the state outside, where its source is not known. "Yes, I enjoyed the Northwest ern Land Products show at St. Paul recently, and I think the country was much benefited by the success of the affair and the splendid exhibits and lectures. It was a great thing for the West. Still greater results are forth coming. "As to my trip east on the West ern Governor's special I will net talk touight, because I am to de liver an address on that tomorrow night at the Jobbers' banquet. "I have no criticism to make on the action of the pardons board," said Governor Burke, "because I was not present when it met and I am not in a position to talk, I sup pose it acted on the evidence in the cases which came before it. Other than this I have nothing to say." Scientific Dairying Pays Big Dairying as a business has much to recommend it and is for many reasons very popular, both with the classes that are compelled to carry ff "cfo iti a 'trmail ofr moderate way, making it the support of tbe family,/ and the wealthy classes that engage in it because it is safe and the investment is likely to yield liberal returns. In either case the fact that the income is constant, usually being more or less abundant throughout the whole year, makes it one of the most de sirable occupations engaged in by the dwellers on the farm. There- are certain essentials which I wish to mention that are neoessary to make the business of dairying a success. The first, es sential is the right kind of a man behind the business second, the adaptability of the farm, and third, a good class of cows to act as ma chines to bg operated at the will of the man in charge, to convert the feeds produced on tbe farm into milk that can be disposed of in various ways that suit the con ditions with which the operator has to deal The man who has a liking for the business and has the qualifi cations that will enable him to take a correct view of things con nected with it! is likely to make tbe venture a success, for he can see that there is a wide difference between a fairly good cow and an unusually^good one. He is ready to comprehend tbe fact that it. is really gqod cows that yield a hand some profit, and that the poor ones are like a millstone about hianeok, constantly drawing him down, mak ing him go through the uianou vers of doing business, but bring very little if any profit. The old method of obtaining a herd was to purchase such cows as one could get, go ahead, weed out and keep up the process of buying, weeding out and selling. Aud some still follow this practice. Now I know from my own practical ex perience that there is a safer and much better way or securing a good herd of oows, and that is for one to grade them up himself. To select and breed from the mass of haphazardly bred cows such as one can buy is a slow and difficult task, aud to purchase selections of the best from any of the pure breeds is very expensive aud quite beyond the reach of the man with an ordi nary amount of means. With the above mentioned facts in view. 1 have the following suggestions to offer: Fix in mind three kinds of cows that will be best adapted to your conditions. If it is iriilk for the city meat market or cheese factory, the Holstein kind of cows will probably suit best. If it is to make first class butter fo| special trade or private customers, the Jersey or Guernsey will meet the requirements. Instead of buying the pure-bred cows of any of these breeds, select the best within reach ot' tbe cows you have or can buy handily and buy a good bull of the breed that suits or breed them to such a bull, and save the heifer calves from the best cows to raise and make cows for future use. When the first heifers are old enough, breed them to another good bull of the breed selected, and continue to do so, weeding out the poor ones (for the poor ones you will always have with you,) and by the time four or five cros ses have been made with good bulls one can possess a herd that for all practical purposes will be as good as tbe pure-breds. I have tried this method thoroughly and have found it to work out just as I have mentiomd. lu selecting a bull of the dairy breeds there are several things that should be borne in mind. Ancest ral influence in dairy cattle is of great value. At the present time breeders of pure-bred animals keep a record of what the individual cows are doing, and if one will study these records on the sides of both parents of tbe bull he wishes to buy, lie can make sti¥e bf aVv ifc-. fluence that will be of great vhlite. It may not be best to be penny wise in regard to price, for a few pints of milk added each day of the lactation period and every year of the cow's life foot up to consid erable proportions before you are through with her. The same is true of the butter cow. A bull calf with good backing on both sides is capable of improving the stock in a herd and in a neighbor hood to such an extent that the purchase price may be liberal and yet be very cheap. One other point is constitutional, vigor and a good appetite. The very best and strongest are the only ones to use. After having started in the grad ing up process, do not change the breeds. Continue with tbe breed with which you have started. A single out-cross, although from a good specimen of another breed, is likely to prove disastrous. Tbe beneficial results of a continuous grading with one breed may be il lustrated by the results obtained by a young man who bred to Hol stein bulls 'for three successive crosses. In the fall of 1910 a cheese factory was built in bis neighborhood, and he was offered $80 each for all of the cows in the herd, while at. the same time tbe average price for oows in that vi cinity was n6i above W0 each.— W. J. Underwood in the Dakota The Leader Has in Couecttaa the Most Complete fob Office in the County. Get Oir Prices $1.50 PER YEAR Can't Get Over Their Old Tricks Light-Fingered Gentry of Oliver County are Getting Too Familiar I With Railroad Property Mandan. N. D., Jan. —The continual thieving of the railroad company's property by people in the vicinity of Heusler and Fort Clark is about to develop into a tremendous seusation aud engulf several prominent people of that section, it is said. Special agents of the railway have been brought into the field and have secured the names of over 100 people who have partici pated in the thefts. One case in particular which was said to be uncovered, disclosed the fact that a man had stolen new ties from the railroad company to fioor his barn. The agents found him, when confronted with the evidence he paid for the stolen property at cost prices. As all the people in that sec tion use lignite coal, when some 2,1000 tons of the company's Red Lodge coal was taken, it made the matter a little difficult until the agents of the compauy tried out the smoke test. Burning samples of the Red Lodge coal along side of samples of the lignite and not iug the difference in the color and volume ot the smoke led to the detection of several people who had helped themselves to fuel rather than go to the nearby mines and dig it out. The /pile drivers and shovels have been denuded of every mov ing part and the lumber for anow fences and sections of snow fence have been pilfered. Tools, ropes, cables and even nuts from parts of the machinery have been appro priated and carried away, the agents state. When tbe work of sscuring the rest of tbe evidence is in there will be, it is stated, consternation and much sorrow among the peo ple brought into tbe scandal and courts because of their delinquent cies in the matter of helping themselves to other people's pro perty. The situation had become so grave that the local detectives for the company had been all spotted fey ttj*e ftitsereatotB'attd whenever 6he appeared on the ground everything was quiet. Also there was some sort of systm of wireless telegraphy which advised the other people that a spotter was on the ground and nothing would happen while the detective was in the country. New men were imported from St. Paul to look after the matter and now that the goods are located there is a chance for some of the people to come through or get the limit of tbe law in the cases. Developments are now awaited among tbe officials of the road which will startle the whole country north and west of here, and which promise to put an end to the petty thefts. Grand Chancellor Bevy Here Frank S. Henry grand chancel lor of the Knights of Pythiaa of North Dakota, was here for tbe K. P. meeting last night and in stalled the newly elected officers.. A large number of Knights were present for the installation. The new offiicers are as follows Adolph Wacker, O. 0. W. L. Nuessle, V. C. Rev. Mitchell, Prelate Fred Macomber, M. of A. H. S. Westmiller, K. of B. S. Frank J. Thompson, M.. of F. and E Ole Steffrud, M. of W, Harry Johnson, I. G.: A. McPaul, O. O. and J. A. Hyland and Harry Oar-~ nahan, tt. B.