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The Washburn leader. [volume] (Washburn, McLean County, N.D.) 1890-1986, January 12, 1912, Image 1

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Oar OwslaHos Is Larger Than
That of Any Other Newspaper
In Mean Co* Best Ad tedium
gfi'j VOL. XXI[ NO. 29
Impressions For
Ten Years Given
*Jones Has Been in the Country Ten
Tears and Gives the Following
Summary in the Wave
The year 1912 is about the
or 9th year since most of us ar
rived in this portion of McLean
county and took possession of
homesteads. We have all learned
much in that time. The tirst few
seasons of those eight were banner
crop years, but the last. few were
Eight or nine years ago this
Turtle Lake country was almost
all prairie land, There wasn't a
steam breaker in the whole coun
try. It took the settlers all of
that first good crop year to get
settled and have acres of land
broken as the homestead law re
quired. Those five acres produc
ed a good crop and the season was
ideal. The next year the settler
worked out for the old timers at
good wages to get money for hors
es and machinery and hire ten
more acres broken up and seeded.
Fifteen acres of good crop vas
harvested in this second bumper
crop year. The next spring the
settler was able to buy a fair team
for part cash at the exhorbitant
prioe of $400 and in many cases
$500. With these two horses he
broke 15 or 20 acres more and had
about 35 acres of grain this third
bumper crop season. Wheat was
a dollar a bushel and 20 to 30
bushels per acre. All at once the
country was prosperous aud set
tlers could buy anything if they
would promise to play a big price
for it. They promised. The sod
was turned in earnest the fourth
year. Crops were not so good the
fourth year and prices were not so
high or grain, but still everybody's
oredit was good, so the settler
bought more horses and machinery
at big prices on time and sold the
'"'cattle and hogs for
and cheap
for they were too much bother, it
was easier to raise wlieataud flax.
Season No. 5 came around, crops
were poorer than was expected but
jtttill it was a paying crop if the
-settler had only had about twice
as many acres under cultivation.
iSo he proves up his claim and
and his
.iand she signed the mortgage, and
-.Ithe $1000 paid back debts on ma
•schinery. horses etc. The past
three seasons we will not describe
•and we art! not going to tell what
-became of the remainder of the
$1000. But we will mention right
^here that McLean and McHenry
^county was settled at the same
4f time and at exactly the right time
4to plaster four-fifths of the farms
iSwith mortgages by the time of the
1910 census. The census report
i.'|abows that these two connties are
Iplastered worse than-any other in
'the state.
.mortgages it for $1000
is' tttfFlteg (foaitflfli'
One wou Id natural ly think the
^old settler who had his land un
idsr oultivation during the good
^rop years would have prospered.
j^ell. the old settlers did prosper.
*8o did the pew settlers who had
I--,-, little money, stock and machinery.
^Dnve over the county today and
yon can tell where the old settler
lives by
tine residences, barns,
&. /fenoes and groves They're rich.
]nv~)sr They, made money, built bonses
and barns, and bought railroad
land and adjoining quarters while
the new settlor without meaus was
bustling for money to get himself
E- equipped for farming and by the
\Jjuns be was ready the goose had
quit laying gold eggs. The old
"sfr settler is still making money and
prospering. He is past the danger
St pwiiwt- The new settler didn't
get firmly established arid intereft
is eating- him up. He's right
where the now rich old settler was
fifteen years ago, the darkest hour
before daylight, and by sticking
there is no question about it, he
will win and win big for wheat
pays and pays big once things
come the right way.
Investigations Made
The first week of the new year
showed a slight betterment in
both financial and commercial
sentiment. The improvement was
not so much observable in any in
crease in the volume of business
as in the recognition of the fact
that, while conditions are conflict
ing and in some respects unsatis
factory, corrective forces are
steadily at work. Here and there
are signs of abatement in general
unrest which is beginning to show
itself in a more rational attitude
in politiciul circles toward large
corporations. The only exception
is a fresh outbreak of the investi
gation mania in form of an in
quiry regarding he alleged ''money
trust." While trusts and the tariff
are still the .lirst subjects of im
portance in the public mind, the
chances of their being reasonably
dealt with are much better than
three or six months ago. No ra
dical action on trusts is probable
during the present session of con
gress, which will be chiefly de
voted to active and possibly some
what heated discussion. There is,
however, some prospect of positive
action on the tariff question, the
greatest likelihood being a sharp
cut iii the steel schedules and the
placing of iron ore on the free list
As for cotton and wool schedules
these also may be revised, but at
the moment it looks as if stee
would come first. The labor out
look is somewhat uncertain, but
the sorry disclosures connecter
with the McNarmara cases have
had a sobering effect upon labor
and are likely to result in the
selection of a higher type of leader
ship in the future a result which
would benefit labor and capita
alike by moderating class war
fare and faciliating settlement oi
the differences between employe
by discussion ane not force. The
issues of the presidental campaign
are now sharply' defined, and their
outcome can already be somewhat
foreseen. Public sentiment is
/pWettydetinitely formed, and the
cifrtef object regarding the future
is that of personality concerning
the different candidates. This, of
course, may remain unsettled un
til the inventions next summer
although it is not impossible that
the successful nominees will be
correctly guessed at in advance
says Henry Clews in his weekly
editorial review. ,"
How One Farmer Makes Money
Just to show you how one of our
successful farmers feel about corn
growing: "Yes said John Seblen
"I have just received, tried am
found satisfactory a fodder cutter
and husker.. I am not going to
cut down the number of acres oi
corn but will plant the usual fifty
t* seventy acres. The past year
frost came a .little too early to al
low the corn to fully mature, but
am satisfied with profit!. I am
fattening thirty hogs and will in
crease the number by purchase
Next spring, when pork is in
greatest demand, I will have $500
or $600 worth of coru to dispose o:1
in the form of pork whioh has cost
me little more but my labor aside
from th% corn.. I will plant my
corn earlier next year, preferring
to reseed, in case of damp, colc
weather, rather than to get too
near the frost line/
There are 565 state banks ana
146 national banks in the state o:
North Dakota
Be Careful About
tactically None Produced in North
Dakota Last Season But Pros
pects are Better
ing? This is a question that
confronts many North Dakota
coru growers, who grew a good
crop of corn in 1911, and several
lundred prospective corn growers,
who have as yet grown
If you have corn tl at belongs
to either of the latter clusses
save as much of it tcr seed as you
can. Dry it in the attic or in the
spare room at a temperature of
about 50 degrees. Make a ger
nunator by tilling a square box an
inch aud a half deep with an inch
of sand. Rule a white paper cover
in squares an inch and a half to a
side, give each square a number
corresponding to the number of
an ear of corn to be tested. Take
six kernels one from the tip, butt,
and center and from different
sides of each ear and place over a
square, moisten and cover with a
sheet of wet paper and keep moist
and in a warm place. Select only
the ears for your own seed in
which the entire six kernels
germinate strong and quickly.
This will require a little work but
it may save you the cost of buying
southern seed whioh probably
would not mature corn next year,
as if you plant your own seed it
will give you a perfect stand. This
one acre of tested seed might
yield you more irtft jpiWJfft 'fatal! 'ten"
acres untested seed. Test each
individual ear of seed corn now.
Kbow definitely whether your
seed corn is fit for seed or not.
Had Many Cases
Attorney H. E. Johnson of Ry
der left this week for the south
where he will spend a portion of
the winter. He will return in the
early spring to attend many law
cases whioh are now pending.
During the last two aud one half
years Mr. Johnson has been re
presented as attorney in 589 law
suits. He is in partnership with
R. L. Frszer of Garrison who will
look after their entire law practice
during Mr. Johnson's vaoation.
Be Fair to Your Merchant
This is the season of the year
when some people are inclined to
be unfair with the local merchants.
In this vicmity,aswell as in every
neighborhood, there are plenty of
folks that buy at the local store
on time" when they have no
money, and when they do get
some of the long green, they for
get about the storekeepers that
accommodated them, and
WASHBURN, N. D. JAN. 12, 1912,
I when you have, and the accommo
dation extended when without
ww *a4 funds should be remembered. If
JvCQ IVlcUu ydu must send away for anything,
do not forget to pay your bills at
Where are yon going to get credit and favor their customers
your seed corn for the 1912 plant- T1"#™
no corn in
!^orth Dakota.
There is practically no good
seed corn produced in North Da
cota the past season to be had at
any price, because the fall weather
was quite wet and the growers
1'ailed to pick their seed corn as
they should have done before the
zero weather of November firrt.
This exceptionally low tempera
ture when the corn was wet,
though fully mature, has in very
many cases completly killed the
seed. In other cases fifty per
cent is still good seed and in ex
ceptional cases seventy-five per
cent of the ears will grow fairly
home first—you owe th«t much to
the community in which you live.
The home merchants are ready
and willing «t all times to extend
those who receive these
yors should be willing to
merchants with absolute
—Wheaton Gazette.
It tll6 Ift"
treat the
The Growth of North Dakota
According to the advance sheet
'of the thirteenth United Stutes
census, North Dakota's population
in 1910 was 577,056, as compared
with 319,146 in 1900. It ranked
thirty-seventh among the 49 states
and territories in population in
1910, and fortieth in 1900.
Iu 1910 only 11 per cent of the
total population of the state re
sided in incorporated cities having
a population of 2.500 or over, as
compared with 7.3 per cent in
The density of population in
1910 was 8.2 persons per square
mile, as compared with 4.5 in 1900.
In 1909 the state of North Da
kota had 752 manufacturing estab
ments operating under the factory
system, which gave employment
to an average of 4,148 persons dur
ing the year and paid out $2,416
000 in salaries and wages. Of the
persons employed, 2,78(.I\vere wage
earners. These establishments
turned out products to the value
of $19,138,000, to produce which
materials costing $13,674,000 were
consumed' The value added by
manufacture was thus $5,464,000,
whijh figure best represents the
net wealth created by manufactur
ing operations during the year.
In 1910 there were 74,360 farms
in North Dakota, or slightly over
two and two-thirds times as many
as in 1890.
The average value of farm land
per acre for the whole state is
25.60. In practically all of the
counties in the western two-thirds
of the state the average value in
between $10 and $25 per acre
while in the eastern third of the
state the average value of farm
land is generally between $25 and
$50 per acre.
The aggregate value of farm
property has "increased during tbei
decade $719,547 000. and is now
nearly four times a6 great as in
The average value of a farm
with its equipment in 1900 was
$5,631, while ten years later it was
$13,109. The average value of
land rose from $11.15 per acre in
to $25.69 in 1910
The total wealth iu the form of
fann property is $974,814,000, of
which $84.4 per cent is represent
ed by land ana buildings, 4 5 per
cent. by implements and machin
ery, and 11.1 per cent by live
stock. The total value of farm
property is nearly four times what
it was in 1800. The absolute and
relative gains iu all classes of farm
property has been rapid and con
tinuous since 1890.
Bank Changes
During the first-of the year'a
number of changes havej been
made in the offices in the several
banks in the county. Among them
it is noted that W. F. Winkelman,
who has been cashier of the First
State Bank at Garrison for some
instead time, has resigned and the -new
of going into those stores and pay- cashier will be Fred, Gehnen In
ing on their account, they bend the First State Bank at Huso,
the money away to catalogue Paul J. Wedge, who has been
honsee for things' they can get at' cashier, was elected president to
home just as well, and in fact as succeed A. L. Ober, resigned. L.
cheap, if they would only stop to A. Crowell was appointed to fill
think. If a place is good enough -the position of cashier made*va
to trade at when you have/no!cant by the promotion of Mr.
money, it certainly onght to be so Wedge.
Warning To Many
North Dakotans
Stick To North Dakota Farm Instead
Of Going To Canada Advice Of
Man Who Familiar
''North Dakotans should stick to
their homes mid be careful about
investing in Canadian land propo
sitions and especially so in regard
to locating there for farming pur
The foregoing statement was
made by R.J. Morris, an inspector
on the Canadian Pacific, with
headquarters at Winnipeg.
"I have seen many Americans
in the Canadian Northwest, who
are in desperate financial straits."
continued Mr. Morris. "Some of
Wilton News
Miss Elizabeth Walsh, deputy
superintendent of schools for Mc
Lean County, was a guest at the
home of .her sister, Mrs. Claude
Newman, over New Years.
J. B. Taylor, of Bismarck, ar
rived in Wilton Thursday morning
with a force of men and will spend
some time on his farm west of
Wilton where he will be engaged
in getting out firewood, posts and
S. M. Pye, who has been look
ing after his business interests in
Wilton during the past few
months, returned to Los Angeles,
•California, this week. Mr. Pye
will spend the witftei under the
sunny skies of the southwest, but
no doubt the coming of spring
will him back in North Da
An important business deal was
consummated Wednesday in Wil
ton when H. W. Gray acquired
the interest of P. C. Remington
in the Red Gross Drug Store. Mr.
Gray also purchased from Mr.
Remington his interest in the
drag store at Richardton whioh is
known as the H. W. Gray Drng
Malcolm Correspondence
Frank Lynch returned to Turtle
Lake again on 8unday where be
is attending school, after spending
two weeks vacation at his home
during Xmas and New Tears.
The people of the Swedish
Luthern church held a meeting in
Malcolm School house No. 1 on!
A New Year's dance" watf given
at the home of Nick Renter's
Tuesday evening. A very large
crowd-was present and everybody
reported ft good time.
Fred Stohl left for Fargo last
week where he intends to go to
college. wl j.
& CJS- "5C
Miss Florence Holmquibt
to Bismarck last Thursday to visit
friends for a few days,
mThe Ladies Auxiliary met with
v'.J V/. -•.' ",/i's:^/,.. /•v--t!
The Leader Has ia Cosnertiaa
the lost Conplete fob Office
the Comity. Get Oar Prices
$1.50 PER YEAR
Mrs. Oscar Lee Jan. 27 aud held
their yearly meeting.
Walter Wilkins who has been
working for Okerson for the last
two months left for his home iu
Minn., on Sunday.
The stock holders of the Equity
Elevator went in to attend the
yearly meeting in Coleharbor on
will sell their relinquishments ever experienced iu North Dakota,
aud their land for sufficient funds
to bring them and their families
back to the states.
"The land out there
a^id productive alright,
is fertile
but the
se.isons are too short. It is only
an occasional year that the season
is long enough for the grain to
mature without being frosted. As
a result the yields are greatly re
duced and the grade is so poor the
farmers get only 40 to 60 cents per
bushel for it.
"This year I saw some' fields
that went thirty or forty bushel
per acre, and right alongside were
later fields of grain the frost caught
that would yield eight or ten and
very inferior grade.
"Until conditions change. North
Dakota farmers are a great deal
better off here than in seeking
homes in the Canadian northwest."
Olaf Stotterud of Stanton who
came up on a business trip and to
visit friends in Malcolm left for
Washburn last Thursday where ho
will stay duriug the winter months.
Mr. and Mrs. Charley Berg
drove to Wilton last Thursday
where they will visit friends and
relatives for a few days.
Douglas Correspondence
We are having the coldest
weather now that
Mr. Cowan, the until driver, has
not missed a trip during the stormy
Mrs. T. C. Cullen has returned
from a visit in Minot.
Catholic service was quite well
attended on the 9th.
Frank Brannonand family visit
ed at Ross Mofits last Sunday.
Can Still Get Companion for $1.75
The publishers of The Youth's
Companion announce that they
will accept yearly subscriptions at
$1.75 up to the end of March.
The new rate of $2.00 will go into
effect promptly on April 1. The
large number whose subscriptions
run over into the early weeks of
the year, as well as those who
were unable to send in new sub
scriptions before January 1, will
have this opportunity to get The
Companion for another fifty-two
weeks at the old price. If you
had no other periodical reading
for your family. The Youth's Com
panion would be sufficient—suf
ficient for keen enjoyment by
everyone, young and old sufficient
to keep you posted on the Im
portant news and events of the
day sufficient to give you a mind
richly stored with useful know
ledge. The new departments have
become indispensable features of
the paper. The page devoted to
the interests of boys in school and
college alwayB has an article of
expert advice on athletics by some
one who speaks with authority,
whether it is football, baseball*
skating, swimming, or other vigo
rous pastime. The page for girl*
suggests useful occupations at
home and profitable occupations
in the community, without forget
ting that girls like to be ornamen
tal as well as useful. And there
is the family page, which in the
course of a year fills the place of a
domestic encyclopedia.
Subscribe now—today—while
The Companion may yet be had
for $1.75. V' gj
The Youth's Companion,
144 Berkeley St., Boston, Mas*.
New Subscriptions received ai
this office.
Saw Grand Opera
Among those who went to Man
dan. Sunday to attend the grand
opera were Mrs. Walfrod Anderson
and Misses Martha and Fred*
Johnson and Hilma Anderson#
The opera "II Trovatore" was giv
en in a way to please all.
of us havo
Those neighbors who moved to
Palm Beach, Florida, are telling
how they are enjoying the summer
weather down there.
Mr. Looby received word that
his father died, aud was buried on
New Years day. He lived in Og
pensburg, New York.
A girl arrived at Cecil Taylors.
Several schools contiuued vaca
tion another week on account of
the severe cold weather
si -f-r

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