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A ti it, i y i' u ie ie a to of id n- ra' th. mt ss :be la be led sea an ted, ant ted ited Ight LIs for dn't iOd i us la refla rlcb, Id a it ot I J5«t then her nts.'* too," (nan But 'IMr it the :,\ )]lar» %v,' ••^^v-V.:: ,-r i -M V i v .- Bight Pages of All Home Print VOLUME XXVII, NUMBER 3$ International Pro blems Great Worry Lull in German Activities Said to Be Their Preparation for Renewed Attack MEXICAN GUARDS WITHDRAWN Rebellion in Cuba May be Stopped by Sending American Troops to the Island There are three grave internation al problems before the administration that is causing considerable concern. Fearing that the lull in the German submarine campaign is but temporary President Wilson and his cabinet of ficers had before them plans for arm ing merchant ships against U boat attacks,i while the navy was prepar ing warships for possible use as con voys. Dispatches from Cuba indicate that the rebellion there is assuming alarm ing proportions certain administra tion circles believe only the strained relations between the United States and the Central Powers is keeping American troops from intervention. Additional reports of Mexican bor der forage caused consideration by administraction officials of delaying the return of militia forces in order to protect the frontier against threat ened raids. NONPARTISANS FIGHT SHY OF I. W. W. BILLS Bismarck, N. D., Feb. 17.—Unless present signs fail, the present session of the state legislature will adjourn without taking any action on the question of controlling the I. W. W. situation, which has become so ser ious in. the past two or three years that It vitally affects the state's sup ply of farm labor. It is a most remarkable fact that a legislative assembly, controlled large ly by farmers—a class of business men most vitally interested in the curbing of the I. W. W. outrages would shy at legislation aimed to give state officials proper power to deal with the question, but nevertheless, that is the situation that has develop ed here. The condition has been created through the action of the Nonpartisan league leaders in refusing to permit so far, as they have been able, any consideration being given the ques tion of I. W. W. bills. it was early announced in the Non partisan secret caucus that legisla tion aimed at the Industrial Workers of the World, would be unwelcome, it being pointed out that the Nonpartis an league was engaged in organiza tion work in Minnesota and Montana, and that it- sorely, needed the support oCithe labor interests in those two states—as-well as in 'other 'states that it wiir operate later. It was maintained that legislation aimed at the Industrial Workers of the World would be resented by labor unions generally, and would serve to deter the league in its organization work. That plan of action has been closely adhered, and while a great many bills on the I. W. W. situation were prepared for introduction only three or four saw the light of day. The last of these in the house is the bill by Burl Carr, of Barnes coun ty, .patented after the Texas act. It wii* reported back and minority re pealed, the majority favoring indefi nite postponement. If any farmers in the assembly are keenly anxious for 'legislation that Witt .protect honest men as against the organisation methods employed by the I. W. W.'s and which, they as sert, have become a real menace to the continued prosperity of the state —fbr reduced labor supply means re duced -production, through necessary (Curtailment of farming activities. The Benson county commissioners have petitioned the North Dakota leg islature'to appropriate $140,000 to fight the activities of the I. W. W. in that state. The resolution was refer red to committees in both houses. From estimates gathered by the Fort Yates commercial club, there S will be at leaBt 10,000 acres broken and seeded to Sax in Sioux county this spring: Many wealthy farmers are .making application tor the lease of Indian land, intending to sow to fax. One corporation has applied for *^the lease of 1,920 acres. i "_/v-.' .• -yt*-• WITH THE PRESIDENT The following is from a re Y cent issue of a prominent Ger 4 man American newspaper and tells in very forceful words the great strength of the American Nation. "Germans-Americans the country over, whatever their sympathies may have been, will support the President should war be declared, for, though German born, they are American citizens." I MAX ENTERPRISE EDITOR WRITES UP LEGISLATURE "Burleigh county has a claim of $1,638.83 against the state for the prosecution of men who have attemp ted to escape from the state prison located near Bismarck. Under the state law the state is duty bound to reimburse the county for the expense of such prosecutions. The budget board proposes a $2,000 appropria tion to care for the existing claims and for cases that may arise during the coming two years. Late bills introduced: H. B. No. 199872, regulating the length of hat pins, coupling pins, safety pins, roll ing pins and ten pins. H. B. No. 199 873, regulating the size of bank rolls, H. B. No. 199874, repealing the moral law. H. B. No. 199874, amending the law of supply and demand. H. B. No. 199875, repealing the first law of na ture. The league claims that the old war horses in the senate sealed their fate when they voted down H. B. 44, by a vote of 29 to 20, but the voters may look at things differently. An appropriation of $1,000.00 for the per diem and expense of the members of the board of trustees of the live stock sanitary board is suggested. The cost of the legislative assembly now in progress is estimated at $112, 000.00. Senator Martin would make people pay a license for being alive. A bill for a constitutional conven tion is before the senate. Mr. Maxwell introduced a bill in the house providing for the increase of the pay of the jurors from $3.00 per day to $4.00. Arthur has a personal interest in this bill we believe, for if we remember correctly, he is a fixture in the Jury during the spring term of court. He is always there in June, and in the past it has interfered with his campaigns considerably." Listing All Americans in Germany Berlin, Feb. 19.—The American gov ernment is listing allits citizens in Germany to faciliate the exodus in the event of war with Germany. The Spanish minister here is representing the United States interest. He is as sisted in gathering the names by the chamber of commerce and the United Press. American business here is not interrupted. There are no disturbanc es. THREE SNOWPLOW8 STUCK IN DRIFTS FOURTH ALSO Four snowplows have been sent from this city to dig out the train that was stalled at Lucca two weeks ago. The train is still stalled at Lucca and only one of the plows has returned to the city, the others being stuck in the snowdrifts into which they plunged in attempts to break through. The last plow sent was sent out from here yesterday morning and it returned last night without having plowed through to the nearest stalled rotary. The first plow, a Russel, was sent out shortly after the storm sub sided and proved an easy prey for the drifts. A rotary plow was sent next. This went through the first cuts but when it struck the first real snowdrift the blades snapped and it was stuck near Alice. Another rotary was sent after thia one and met the same fate.* The Russel sent out yesterday is going to keep up the attempt to dig but the stranded plows, it was announced yesterday. Reports, come from Lucca that a cut 68 feet deep between Lucca and Nome is entirely filled with tightly packed fine snow. It has been said that attempts to break through this drift will be abandoned until spring. i,. i i ,.v? THE WASHBURN LEADER WASHBURN, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY, 23, 1917. A large crew' of men has been kept at work in this branch for several days. Railroad men say that this is the worst experience in the Marion since the road was built more than 25 years ago.—Fargo Courier-News. George Washington's Words WASHBURN BASKETBALL TEAM STILL COUNTY CHAMPIONS The high school basket ball team went to Coleharbor last Friday morn ing and that evening played a game with that team. The Washburn boys who played were: Roy Wahl, Albert Peterson, Carl Knutson, Hugh Johnson and Archie Fahlgren. The Coleharbor team was composed of the following boys: C. and W. Steadman, G. Bis sell, R. Miller and N. Cauldwell. The game was watched very carefully and a good many fouls called. Wash burn made two baskets in the 10 fouls called on Coleharbor, while that team made 10 baskets on. Washburn's 17 fouls. The final score was 22 to 50 in favor of the visitors. F. A. Vogel, former principal of the Underwood school, was referee After the game there was a basket social. Each of the five Washburn players was given a basket and had the pleasure of eating lunch with a nice young lady. Observe good faith and justice toward all nations cultivate peace and harmony with all. Religion and morality enjoin this conduct and can it be that good policy does not equally enjoin it? It will be worthy of a free, enlightened, and, at no distant period, a great nation, to give to mankind the magnanimous and too novel example of a people always guided by exalted justice and benevolence. Who can doubt that, in the course of time and things, the fruits of such a plan would richly repay any tempor ary advantages which might be lost by a steady adherence to it? Can it be that Providence has not connected the permanent felicity of a nation with its virtue? The experiment, at least, is recommended by every sentiment which ennobles human nature. The boys returned on a freight the WASHINGTON DONALD BAIN & & Transcending far the heroes of ttie past, Or mythic gods of preBistoric time, Our Washington, while memory shall last following morning. They are full of praise for the Coleharbor earn and citizen^ and say they were treated royally. Some of tbe members of the local team did not make the trip, thus proving themselves disloyal to the team. Outside attractions should not interfere with the team if they want to continue to hold the county cham pionship. "Bone Dry" State Washington, Feb. 21.—North Dakota will be "bone dry" by fed eral enactment if President Wil son signs the postal bill which contains a rider prohibiting ship ments of liquor into dry states. The House today accepted the senate amendment to the postal law by a vote of 321 to 72 which is some indication how the body will line up when national prohibi tion comes up for consideration. This amendment is counted as one of the most far reaching pro hibition measures because it will make absolutely dry states which now permit persons to ship liquor into dry territory for their per sonal use. Will stand, the type of superman sublime. Serene and steadfast' 'gainst an adverse fate, Calm and undaunted, undismayed until Defeat, disaster, poverty and hate Were turned to victory by his matchless will. Great soldier, statesman, patriot and sage, Chieftain in war, in peace our leader he ., His name writ large upon our history's page, While time endures will ever honored be. And so we celebrate the natal day Of him who for us. independence won And thus to him in truth and honor say: Hail! founder of a nation, Washington! .I*' *$* STAND BEHIND WILSON Golden Valley, N. D., Feb. 19. —Three Hundred members of the local German Verein in mass meeting here, passed reso lutions of patriotism and loyalty to the United States. Copies of the resolutions were sent to President Wilson. They urge thoughtful consideration and peace if possible, but if impos sible there need be no fear of the breaking of ties of loyalty on the part of western North Dakota German born citizens. JUDGE ROBINSON DID NOT HAVE TO GIVE THE BLOW Justice J. E. Robinson, who was swept upon the supreme bench of this state by the Nonpartisan tidal wave last year, is opposed to the Sunday blue laws. "In Bismarck," he says "the lid is still on, so we cannot read the newspapers on Sunday. If it be kept on I may give it a blow as fear ful as David gave to Goliath, the giant, for regardless of any void and obsolete statute, which is a mere travesty on law and common sense, the people have a constitutional and inherent right to liberty and the pur suit of happiness on every day in the week and this right may not be de nied, even by those who live like the lilies of the field, who toil not, neither do they spin."—Harvey Herald. Ther's a Silver Lining In Every Cloud We believe in making the most of circumstances, even to the long, cold and disagreeble winter we are under going. In a long residence in this state, we have noted that following hard winters there is reasonable assumption of fair crop conditions. This would have been true of the 1916 crop had it not been for the rust plague, that is brought about by weather conditions at the time and not from the soil. A long, hard winter sinks the frost deep in the ground th^.t stays reasonably cold till in May and thus prevents the danger of hot winds. Recollecting the mild winters and unusually early springs of 1900 and 1910 one recalls how it then virtually became mid summer in May, culminating in the hot winds that devasted the crops in middle June. Nature Intended this country for cold winters and a gradual tapering off, a process we have reason to believe we are to ex perience this spring.—Parshall Leader Should Be come Citizens Or Go Back "Every foreigner who does not show he intends to become a citizen within five years after he arrives, ought to be put in a box car and ship ped back," Miss Rose Niemetz told J. D. Swan, deputy clerk of the district court, when she applied for first cit izenship papers. Miss Niemetz, who lives at 145 West College avenue, came from Australia in 1908. "Foreigners come here and use the schools and such things and if it's good enough they ought to prove it by being citizens.—St. Paul Dispatch. WOULD BUILD ELECTRIC ROAD TO RAILROAD Over $60,000 has been subscribed by farmers living between Mandan and St. Anthony, an inland town seventeen miles from a railroad, for a stock corporation to build an el ectric line. F. C. Massingham, Man dan, president of the Missouri Slope Fair Association, is proftiot ing the scheme and announces that a charter will be sought from the state as soon as the subscription list reaches $100,000, which will be gained by the fore part of next week. The plan of the builders is to eventually connect the Northern Pacific main line with the Milwaukee line either at Freda or Raleigh in Grant county. Senator Martin, of Morton, has in troduced a bill that will make it un lawful to pass the plate on Sunday in church if it passes. Martin must be lieve that the gospel should be free.— Grand Forks Independent. J® Best Job Office In the County SUBSCRIPTION $130 PER YEAR. Spook of Bill 44 Has Lawless Plan Would Pass Bunch of Legislation Most Radical in the Union if Not Closely Watched LAWS AMENDED AT THE POLLS Representative Stair Introduced for the Third Time an Amendment Covering Bill 44 (The Grand Forks Herald Publish es the following under a Bismarck head.) Bismarck, N. I)., Feb. 17.—The ghost of house bill 44 stalks the corridors in the capitol. Like the ghost of Hamlet's father it comes forth with regularity and it slides along so quiet ly it is scarcely noticed. A sonorous yet sepulchral voice is heard breath ing swiftly the words that announce a presence but giving no intimation of the true character of the presence. And Hamlet sits grimly in his seat —and smiles. The presence came again yesterday. The voice was heard halting and fal tering at times as though unacquaint ed with its purpose or purport. And Hamlet sat grimly in his seat —and smiled. The voice faltered. It may have been unfamiliar with the terms and the words may be so. But it con tinued "for the amendment of the constitution of the state of North Da kota to provide reserved powers and authority over legislation and amend ment of the constitution by the people directly at the polls." The ghost has taken on even move of an arrogant, autocratic bearing than the substance it now represents, for this concurrent resolution is an even more rabid socialistic proposal of the initiative and referendum gov ernment than has ever been proposed in any state in the union. Here is what the voice proclaimed. "The people hereby reserve to them selves the direct power, first, to pro pose laws, legislative measures, acts, resolves, and amendments to the con stitution, and to enact, approve or re ject the same at the polls, by a ma jority of those voting thereon, inde pendent and regardless of, and not withstanding the legislative assemb ly, the veto, or annullment power, of any state official or court and sec ond, at their own opinion and in the same or like manner, to order or pe tition submission to them, and to en act, reenact, approve and confirm, or reject, annual and repeal at the polls, any act, resolve or other legislative measure, item, section, part or parts of any such as are referred, submit ted to, proposed, enacted or rejected by the legislative assembly, vetoed or annulled by any state official or court. "Laws shall be enacted, making pro vision for the exercise and execution of the reserved powers hereunder, but until hereafter specially provided for such powers shall be exercised and executed under and in accordance with the provisions of law plainly ap plicable thereto which law or laws shall not be amended or repealed ex cept by a majority of the electors voting therein at the polls." In other words. "We care not for legislation, nor for courts, nor for the matters of law, nor for those of the time-honored, popular chosen ex ecutive officers and powers of the state. We are the committee restor ed, the rennaissance of the terrorist. Neither law, nor custom, nor prece dent shall stay us. We demand that all things ye have shall be given unto us, for we are the people." "We dare you to pause and think what the state would be without the laws, and the constitution and the protection these have given to the rights of humanity, and to property and to liberty, and to happiness and to progress. We are the people and we shall rule as we please." And Hamlet sits grimly in his seat —and smiles. This is the third amendment cover ing the high spots of bill forty-four, Representative Stair has Introduced. W. B. McVean, representing the Arrow Company of Schaalot, Mich., received another order for a stallion to be shipped to Washburn. He re cently sold one to Mr. TJenstrom costing $2250. This company has sold between 50 and 60 stallions this year within a radius of. 110 miles of Bismarck, most going to farmers on this branch of the Soo. A.