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V -V -C K ,, V 4. iv. V n\«. V 4 I, w }f I li t!' "•V'jf.-.'' A $*i ?Js»n- 1 ?«f f, is*-,- Ai V" I. i ^"'l .1* cW u'-fV z IF* SSi A* GOOD ROADS HELP CHILDREN Improved Highways of Great Benefit to Them in Going and Coming From Country Schools. The rural population is more willing to support better schools today than at any previous time. It Is being re alized that all educational activities or agencies must be more or less cor related, and, more than all else, that they must be more accessible to the children. In many counties where bad roads prevail, most of the schools are of the antiquated one-room va riety. They are usually located along t»ad roads which, during the winter, •when the schools are usually in ses sion, become so nearly impassable as to make it difficult for the children to Teach them. This condition causes irregular attendance and restricts the educational opportunities of the child. Not only this, but it often impedes the •economic consolidation of these small- g6£»v.\s' «I11 «i®ii ,v"'' s wmmmmmm Stone Road in Ohio. er schools into larger, stronger graded schools, with high school courses, directed by a competent principal and corps of teachers. On the other hand, in counties which have improved their roads, the schools are easily reached, the aver age attendance greater, the efficiency largely Increased and economic con solidation made possible. Regular at tendance at school means consistent and regular growth of both school and pupil, and consolidation of schools means a maximum of efficiency at a minimum of cost. It Is also note worthy that there Is a marked tend ency for the consolidated school to be come the social and Intellectual cen ter of the community. Most modern rural schoolhouses are so constructed as to serve the community as gather ing places for various kinds of public meetings, and where vans are used to convey the children to school during the day they are frequently pressed Into service to haul the farmers and their wives to institute work, lectures, or entertainments at the schoolhouse. The consolidated school becomes a sort of community center to which all educational and social activities con verge, and In order that It may pro perly perform that function all of-the highways leading to It should be so .improved as .to render it readily ac« cesstble throughout the year. PERILOUS RAZOR-BACK ROADS Miniature Mountain Ranges Should Not Be Maintained in Center— They Are Dangerous. If you have ever ridden along a country road which has been worked to a peak in the center so that your load tilted one way while you tried to keep your balance by tilting the other, you know what the wrong kind of road dragging is. Roads so dragged should be reported to the road supervisor, or the county engineer. Such roads are positively dangerous. Help the good roads cause by seeing that the roads of your vicinity are not made miniature mountain ranges. ROAD VERY SIMILAR~TO LIFE Rough Road Is Interesting, but We Must Travel: Over It Slowly and Quite Carefully. How much a road is like life. The sood road is like life at its best smooth sailing, and enjoyable. A rough road Is. like life at its worst. A rough road Is interesting, but we have to traverse It slowly and carefully. Conserve 8oll Fertility. V Soil fertility can be conserved" by v the pse of good crop rotations which Include the legumes, by feeding all .• crops on the place where they are grown by the capful return of all ma nures to the soil. Care for Farm Machinery. •The farm machinery is only nsed for a short period, but must work contin uously- when being used.: Hence It most be in good running order tod properly adjusted. I 'Tsr-T^'ws STAND FOR SPROUTING OATS One of Simpler Forms of 8prouters May Be Constructed by Poultry man at Little Expense. On the farm, where the poultry has free range, they do not lack for green food during the summer, late spring and early autumn. In the absence of a supply of roots and vegetables, sprouted oats may be fed with splendid results in winter. The egg production of farm flocks given a feed of sprouted oats daily during the winter will In crease materially and the flock will go Into the spring hatching season In Oat-Sprouting Cabinet much better condition than if green food is not Included in the ration. The hens never tire of fresh, tender sprout ed oats, and of all green foods they seem to relish this the most. The simplest method of sprouting oats which we have ever used is a rack made about 30 inches square and 5 feet high, says a writer in Farmers' Mall and Breeze. Wooden trays 2 inches deep and 30 inches square are made to fit this rack and slide in and out on cleats nailed to each side of the rack. These cleats are placed about 8 or 10 inches apart. In the bottom of each tray we bore gimlet holes so the water wiU drain from the oats. We place the rack in some base ment or cellar. We soak the oats in water over night, and the next morn ing these are placed in a tray and spread out until they are about 1M» inches deep. The oats are sprinkled each day and no artificial heat is used. In six or seven days' time the oats are ready for use. Where we use no arti ficial heat we are not troubled with mold. This is a cheap and easy meth od of providing green food if you are properly equipped for sprouting oats. VENTILATION OF HEN HOUSE Open-Front Method of Construction, Muslin Front and Wind Bafflers Keep Out Dampness. Eliminate the dampness by proper ventilation and the house will be dry and free from frost. This is accom plished by the open-front method of construction, the muslin front, and the wind bafflers or shutters. When muslin is used, allow one square foot of muslin placed on the south side to every 15 square feet of floor .. space in houses of 15 feet In width. If the house is ten feet Wide, use one square foot of muslin to 20 u Wind Bafflers. feet of floor space, says Twentieth Cen tury Farmer. In houses 20 feet in width allow one square foot of muslin to every 10 square feet of floor space. The above rule also applies for the installation of the shutter or wind-baf fler. The illustrated types of wind baf flers have been found satisfactory for poultry houses and may be made from either galvanized Iron or wood. In constructing the above bafflers use l-by-4s and leave one inch space between for circulation. POULTRY NEED FRESH WATER Permanganate of Potash Acts as Antl ssptlo in Preventing Transmission of Vany Diseases. Chickens need a constant supply of fresh water, according to W. A. Lip plncott, professor of poultry husbandry In the Kansas Agricultural college. "Running water is best," says Pro fessor Lipplncott, "but if this Is not available, keep the water fresh. Add enough permanganate of potash to make It ai wine red This amount will actasan antiseptic in preventing the transmission of disease through the water-and will aid also la keeping down intestinal pafaaUan" WATER ON THE FARM. Important That Dairymen Provide a Pure and Abundant 8upply. Nothing Is of greater importance on a stock farm than an abundant sup ply of pure water. Few farms have clear running water or live springs. It is necessary to provide storage tanks and pump water from wells, Bays the Kansas Farmer. On dairy farms water is of even greater importance than on general live stock farms. Milk cows drink more water than do other animals because a great deal of water is required for milk production. Cows form fixed he jits as to the time of drinking water and are rest less and uneasy unless they -can get In the most important dairy countries the Holstein breed has met its rivals and has been de clared by the majority of dairymen after an impartial trial to be the most profitable breed, writes a correspondent of the Breeder's Ga zette. The Holstein probably pro duces more milk and butter than all other dairy breeds combined, and it has beep due to the Holstein cow probably more than all other causes combined that milk pro duction in the various countries has been so greatly increased in the last few decades. The bull pic tured is a pure bred Holstein. all the fresh water they want at the time they have habitually been getting it. Fpr this reason there must be great regularity in supplying the wa ter. By far the most satisfactory plan is to have tanks that can be kept filled at all times. A stock farm cannot be considered fully equipped until it has a complete water system with a* storage tank high enough to force water wherever it is needed. Probably no other Improve ment saves as much labor as does a water system. On farms where the tank can be given sufficient elevation on a hillside it can be built in the ground of cement^ and the water will be kept cooler than when stored in tanks elevated above the ground. Where an ample storage tank is built the drinking tanks in the various yards can be small. This insures the water being fresher than when It would be stored in large open tanks. In addition to having plenty of wa ter for the stock to drink, a dairy farm needs water in the room where the milk is handled and the diary utensils are washed. There is a lot of drudg ery in caring for milk and washing the palls and cans where water has to be carried. In fact, on a diary farm one of the first things to plan for is a water system that will put running, water wherever-needed. Until this is done caring for milk is bound to be drudgery. The source of the water supply must be thoroughly dependable, and there should be no question as to its free dom from contamination. There is no quicker way to spread disease than through a contaminated water supply. Soiled Razor iiuop. To clean a razor strop, rub the strop with a dilute solution of ammonia wa ter till it is clean. 8slf Solution. The only one who has never made any attempt to solve the mystery of woman is—woman.—Life. =A= When you give us an order for Job Printing of any kind you take abso lutely no chance of fail ure on our part, We have samples of all grades and sizes, and you can see just what you are going to get be fore a single type is put Into a stick. 1 THE WA8HBURN LEADER, FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1917. DAIRY and CREAMERY I .• '^wyy )"*y ^j^^,iL amiri" Our Business Is To Attend To YOUR BUSINESS with which you entrust us, with the utmost promptness We can keep your Coal filled during all the cold months of the year with BITUMINA COAL that has the best heating qualities There never will be such a thing as a Goal ramine in Washburn There is always plenty of coal on hand in the mine coal sheds and a number of teamsters who will deliver it to you on short notice. it it it it TEAMSTERS LOADED READY TO LEAVE THE COAL MINE. Give your coal orders to C. A. Brummund, the Leader office or a teamster for prompt service. weather coming ar once efilling Write For Prices on Carload Shipments We have the Quality and Quantity i i i Edw. Kugler, Mgr. Washburn, N. D. PAGE THREE t, i flfv: 'i "-l"? Wi /J?