Newspaper Page Text
Devoted to the Best In-*
terests of the City, Coun
ty and State—Official city
and county paper.
VOLUME XXIX. NUMBER
BRITISH OFFICIAL SAYS THAT
FORMER KAISER MUST AC
COUNT FOR CRIMES.
London, Nov. 30—Emperor Wil
helm signed his abdication at Emer
ougeon, Holland, yesterday, according
to a dispatch to the Wolff bureau.
The abdication decree, according to
the message, expressed the hope that
the new regent would be able to pro
tect the people against 'anarchy,
starvation and foreign .supremacy."
The use of the term "new regent" is
regarded here as significant.
London, Nov. 30.— The condition
government's policy, if it is returned
to power, will be to insist upon per
sonal accountability of former Emper
o: William for the crimes for which
lie personally was responsible. Sen
ator Frederick E. Smith, British at
torney general, said ill an election
sj'oech at Wimborne yesterday.
3|r Frederick said the government
was determined that the former em
prr.or should be given an opportunity
!.'• answer the charges that had been
eferred against him respecting the
vbr.iarine murders and the outrages
J:\ prisoners and that it was equally
determined to make the criminals pay
the penalty. I
It would make no distinction be-:
twean the occupants of high offices
iv.d those iu humble places. It was
air o the intention of the coalition
government, the speaker declared, to
punish Germany which had broken i
every law, human and divine.
With regard to the Germans in
terned in England, the attorney gen
eral announced it v,-as the govern
ment's intention to send them back
ROY WAHL, IN LETTER, GIVES IN
TERESTING ACCOUNT OF GER
MAN DUG OUT
Roy Wahl, of Washburn, with Com
pany C., 110th Field Signal battalion,
in France, participated in the Battle
.i Argonne forest, in which the Amer
ican troops performed some niagni
-io.£it exploits. The young soldier,
i ?. letter to his folk here, says:
"The only real battle that I have
i ren in was in the drive that start
ed September 26,and It was some bat
tie. I'll, never forget It.
"We followed the infaiffry and
strung telephone wires and put in tel
ephones and switchboards and took
re of the communication. During
the drive I was a lineman. When the
lire was out of order (mostly caused
i y bursting shells) the lineman had
to go out and fix them, no matter how
heavy the shelling, for they have to
IK ve communications.
"At night, when it is dark as pitch,
it is quite a job to go out and Fix
them You can't use any light what-:
ever. Many times while we were'
fixing or putting in lines, the shells
were falling all around us. Then we
would get into a shell hole or go to
a dugout, if there was one nearby,
"One of the hills that we captured i
was quite a place. A big tunnel ran
through it, deep underground and nu
merous small tunnels and dugouts
branched off it. In this place the'
Germans had electric lights, running
water, bedsteads, rocking chairs,
dressers and' bureaus and chinaware. i
They surely were fixed comfortably.
This paper I am writing on was
found in a German dugout by one of
"We were in the drive six days and
advanced, about twelve miles. When
we were relieved we were'pretty tired
and a rest was welcome. I could
have picked up many
I didn't for it is too much to carry,
when you. want nothing that you don't
really need. When we ai-e in the
trenches we. don't have so mucl) ex
citement, jfor we are then first .hold
ing the line. Some of the towns we.
captured were Cheppy, Sharpsntry,
Briuiny and' Exermont.'
Archia Olson who is attending
Jan:er.'.own College, spent Sunday vis
itin.:: his parents, Mr. and Mrs. John
Archie is assistant band mas
ter rie Jamestown College band
and Ptvnvc, his work nnmensely.-r
'ALL YOU NEED
During these Christmases, when
men in the trenches and on mined seas
sing carols when our country glows to
(is uttermost boundaries with the sym
bol of the Red Cross when the most
earthbound look for awhile at the
crosses and the stars—new under
standings, new simplicities, new will
ingness for service come to very many
men and women.
And as our soldiers and sailors who
went out young and strong and singing
the "Long, Long Trail" and "Over
There" now couie back crippled and
disabled, Americans are seeing more
and more their own part and responsi
bility in reconstruction. This .work
means teaching the blind to see, giv
ing movement to the paralyzed, power
lo the remnants of arms and legs to
do full duty, the chance of health to
ihe tubercular, light to minds be
fogged by shell shock.
Our government, Ihe Medical De
partment of the Army and the Ameri
can Red Cross, from the time of our
entrance in the war, have been work
ing out the tasks preparatory to this
reconstruction, which is the key-word
to their usefulness and happiness.
The work itself is already begun in
the hospitals where our returned men
have been brought.
Tliis has meant the equipment of
hospitals, the recruiting of the doc
tors and nurses and the formulation of
plans for training for vocations, which
means independence, replacing activi
ty for inactivity.
Tor this physical reconstruction in
our military hospitals at home, our
government, through the office of th?
Surgeon-General, is asking for recon
struction aids. This hospital service
is open to hundreds, indeed thousands,
of women who as wives of men in the
service have been technically barred
from other military hospilal service.
They are needed at once and may#*
learu full particulars regarding train
ing, qualifications, pay and so forth
by writing for information to the office
of the Surgeon-General, Division of
Reconstruction, Wasliington, D. C.
They are civilian employees of the
Medical Department of the Army, nnd
their work comes under one of 'wo
classes—either the distinctly physical
reconstruction which has to do with
massage, electrotherapy, dydothernpy
and mechanotherapy, or the occupa
tional work which will prepare the
mon..to take up the regular vocational
training for which we often hear the
The Federal government has charge
of this work/ Other agencies working
under government control will help.
The American Red Cross, especially,
will supplement it, and through its
Home Service has assumed the obliga
tion to assist every soldier or sailor
and his family whenever they need
aid or counsel from it.
WA8HBURN, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1918.
"Oo! GranTa, We Forgot SompinT'
WHAT COUNTRY MUST BO
FOR ITS DISABLED SOLDIERS
Problems of Reconstruction Confront American led
Gross With New Tasks and. New Respefisibllities.
When American soldiers, blinded in
battle, recover from their immediate
wounds at the base hospitals in France
special work for then: is commenced.
Later they are brought to the United
States Military General Hospital No.
7,N at Baltimore, for further medical
and surgical Irentmont and special
teaching. The ideal of th.: government
will be to place every blinded man In
a condition to take care of himself and
those- dependent on him. In many
cases, it is hoped, the men will tie able
to command a larger salary after tak
ing their training than before they lost
American Red Cross has supple-,
mented the Army's plan by creating
the Red Cross Institute for the Blind.
One of its fund ions will be lo provide
certain financial aid to equip the blind
man after his re-education is complet
ed, as, for instance, furnishing type
writers to those who enter commer
cial life. It will be unearthing new oc
cupations, helping to establish homes
and arrange home work for those who
cannot go into offices or factories.
But it will do something else that is.
k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k
THE RED CROSS MAN.
By Jeanne Judson.
The Red Cross man was here
He seems to know some magic
Of being everywhere
In Paris when a chap is broke,
He passes out a Yankee smoke,
And at the "front, he's there.
lie gives us something
He seems to want to make us
We're happy and at ease
He keeps as busy as can lie
Jtisi working for my males
IHs method sure does please.
And though he doesn't tote a
We know he's with us everyone,
Till duty sets us free
His wheeled canteen is far more
•Than any lobster palace rare,
We drink his health in tea.
V i k i k k k k k k k k k k k k k
Hospital searchers are being sent by
the American Red Cross into .all the
hospitals along the front. Their task
is to supplement the necessarily mea
ger reports sent by the Army to the* American Red Cross on the exact spot
families of the killed and wounded
\Vith more detailed letters. It is the
human touch tliat makes the whole
again, a Christmas story. Thin Red
Cross Institute will, in so far as is hu
manly possible, have the relative who
will be responsible for the care of the
blind man when lie returns home, take
the government iraining, side by side
with him, as is now done by Ihe Hritish
and French.. Willi this full under
standing at home of his difficulties and
possibilities, many an ambition at first
undreamed of may be fulfilled.
Through the gift of Jeremiah Mii
bank of New York the Red Cross was
e n a e o e s a i s i n N e w VO I K I S
experimental Red Cross Institute for
Crippled and Disabled Men. One of
its principal objects is to assist in the
general campaign of public education
regarding the results which can be ac
complished by systematically re-train
i 11 disabled men for occupations in
which they can successfully compete
Willi able-bodied iih.-ii.
"Tims equipped," writes W. Frank
Persons, Director General of Civilian
Relief of the American Red Cross,
"they may confidently look forward lo
a future of normal human work and
CARING FOR THOSE
WHO ARE LEFT BEHIND
Because of her continued absence!
from school and the fact that she lived
in rather an undesirable neighborhood
and was on the streets all day a school
teacher recently brought to the atten
tion of the Home Service department
ol- the Red Cross the story of a girl of
ten years whose mother was ill and
whose only other relatives were two
brothers, one in camp and the other a
youth of seventeen whose earnings
seemed to be the only means of sup
port for the family.
The Home Service worker called,
found the mother very ill and needing
hospital care at once. Arrangements
wore made for the mother's rare and
also for a home for the girl in the
country where she would receive real
home training and love. The mother
grew worse and died soon afterwards.
The seventeen-year-old boy enlisted
The hoy in camp had not known that
Ills mother needed his help, hut was
glad lo contribute from his pay when
the true circumsfynces were made
known. The girl is now in Ihe coun
try, going lo school, and is receiving
allotments from both of her brothers
and is well cared for. She is under
the watchful care .of the Home Service
workers and comes to them often for
A portable kitchen, installed by the
i-1-..RW T.-SLLO/I anri wmirifloH fc'hpro .Tnnn nf Avo wn« rnnfm*£t/1
frhere Joan of Are was captured, pro
vided tea, coffee and other refresh
ments to 10,000 soldiers and civilians
SUGAR ALLOTMENT NOW
4 POUNDS A PERSON
Although the sugar dan has not
been lifted, housewives need not over
tax their drains, as heretofore, in
regard to using the designed al
lotment to the best advantage, for,
beginning this week the Unite dStates
went on a sugar ration of four pounds
While certificates will not be re
puired by dealers, they will be kept
under the ruling of the sixty-day sup
ply order, according to word received
by the Minneasota food administra
tion from Washington today.
States is on a much greater basis
•han that of other countries. While
the United States goes on the four
poundsration per person, England is
allowed two pounds, France 1.1
pounds and Italy .7. Germany has
been self-supporting in the mutter of
TO OPEN DEC. 16TH
HOARD PLANS ON HAVING LYICRY
THING GOING FULL SWING
IN ANOTHER WI KK
Although conditions in- Washburn,
•.villi respect to the epidemic, show
onsiderr.hie improvement, the school
i. )urd has decided that the schools
remain open for another week.
Principal Morgan has been instructed
'to inform all the teachers to he on
on hand and ready for duty on linn
day, December 10. This means that
the usual Christmas vacation will be
.dispensed with, although of course,
Christmas Day and New Years Day
iwill be observed, as required by law.
If the schools open on December 1G,
i means the schools will have been
closed for seven weeks. This is a
favorable showing in comparison with
schools not only in North Dakta, but
throughout the country, on the whole.
One week is lost in school work
the holding of the county institute,
land since it ,was. not held this year,.
this means~fh'at ~six weeks' work will
have to be made up.
The teachers are confident that
most of the six weeks can be made
up, with the cooperation of the pupils
ami patrons. From the present pro
rr-.-jct. the school should get through
with its vvorlc before the end of June.
1WFANT CHILD DiF.S
V ,- of Mr. and Ins. i.. K. Lee
v. :s s.:d(iei:c i and made lonely Uiru
:!.e death, on Sunday afternoon, of
their infant son Loyd Faucett, who
came as a joy and comfort t.o the
home some seven m/onths ago.
The baby was taken sick a few
onlhs ago and all that medical aid
and kind ministering and sacrificing
hands, of both parents and friends,
td do was done to restore baby
Loyd to health and strength.
God, thru who is too wise to ere
and too kind to hurt, thought his mis
sion had been fulfilled and relieved
the little suffering body by kissing
his spirit back home to glory land.
The funeral services were conduc
ted by Rev. F. W. Hedthe, of Wash
bum, oil Tuesday afternoon and were
at ended by a goodly number of sym
pathizing friends and neighbors. The
'body was interred in the Jgelson
Loyd was bol-n April 22, 1018,
died December 1, 1918.
Card of Thanks.
We wish to sincerely thank all
kind friends and neighbors who by
word and deed have lessened our load
and made less keen our burden of
sorrow cau-'ed by the sickness and
death of our baby Loyd Faucelt.
Mr. and Mr. L. E. Lee.
I~iVIVIEN TAKES VACATION
Cupid took a vacation in
ber, along with Mars. Ou'.y two
:age licenses were issued by Ccirnty
Judge Gibson, which is the bv.-d h
has given out since he took ofiice.
Tbse to obtain licenses were: John
Ohubey and Martha Hruby, Will on,
iricl Anton Isaacson, Turilo L.-ke, auf'.
Esther Swanson, Roseau.
NAVIGATION IS CLOJ
The Missouri river is closed for
navigation. The stream is full of ice
foes and the intervening spaces are
ro- en Put the field is not solid and
"••resent propects, the skating Will not
I|I I|I't#I|I I 0
Largest and oldest
per in McLean Cbunty—•
Established as The Times
on May 10,1883.
SUBSCRIPTION $2.00 PER YEAR.
FOUR OTHER AMERICANS ARE
NAMED TO GO TO VER
TERMS EXPECTED TO BE
DRAWN BEFORE SPRING
PRESIDENT ASKS CONGRESS FOR
VATE OWNERSHIP OF R. R.
The United States representatives
to the peace conference, which opens
this month at Versailles, will consist
of President Wilson, Secretary of
State Lansing, Henry White, former
ambassador to France and Italy Col
one! E. M. House, and General Tasker
II. Bliss, representative of the Amer
ican army, with t!(e supreme war
council now in session at Versailles.
I is expected that the peace pact will
lie di-awn up before spring. Presi
lent Wilson, however, is expected to
attend only the preliminary sessions.
Despite, a great deal of opposition
throughout the country, President
Wilson lias decided to go, he told
'.'ongress in joint session last Mon
day, Haying the Allied governments
have accepted principals of peace sug
gested by him.
President Wilson expressed the
hope lie would have the cooperation
of the public, and Congress, saying
constant counsel and advice would
he possible through the cables and
Most of his address was devoted to
the railroad problem, Tor which the
president said he had no solution to
offer. He recommended careful
study by Congress, saying it would
be a disservice to the country and
railroads to permit a return to old
conditions, under private manage
lie said he could not outline any
program for reconstruction now. As
.to taSatipji,. he sanctioned the plan,
for levying ?G,000,000,000 in 1919 and
$•1,000,000,000 in 1920.
LIEUT. WALLIN IS
KILLED IB FflANCE
I FORMER YVASHHURN l!OY MEETS
D:OAT!! o: FINAL DAY or WAR
Lieutenant Victor 13. Wallin, the
sen of Mrs. Agnes Marcellus Wallin,
a resident of Washburn for many
years, was killed in action in France
November lltli, according to a tele
gram received here on Tuesday last.
.,'ovonibcr 11th was the day when
hostilities ceased. The mother, who
WuH here a short time ago visiting
friends, is staying wilh her other son,
Lieutenant Homer of the United
Hiatus Navy, now stationed in Bos
This is news of the first, death of a
Washburn boy. He was born here
and spent all his days in Washburn
until about four years ago.
Victor went over in June, with
Company 1), :,rGth Infantry, and sev
eral letters have been received from
him by friends of the family since.
He was a graduate of the high school
ai Colorado Springs and attended Col
orado College until he entered the
Fort Riley Officers' Training camp
last spring. While playing basketball
at the encampment, lie sustained a
fracture of the leg and was in the
hospital for some time.
i?e was about twenty-three years
o* age. There is another brother in
the service. Corporal Clarence, with
the artillery corps in the Philippines.
His lather, L. M.,who died several
years ago. was stationed with the
troops.at Fort fcUnvenson in the early
New subscribers to the Leader for
like month or November .Mrs. Marl
'shtjpca. Kpringdak Mont. Anton
iHoling, Roseglen Mr. Askew, Wash-
C. D. Lechn'er, Wilton Mable
Johnson, IJeach Marie Broekel, Mc
Cn::sky and C. A. Kjooness, Wash
Mrs. EH: j.belli Kundston returned
on Tuesday from the
•.lmwucr. Mrs. W. C
farm of her