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The Washburn leader. [volume] (Washburn, McLean County, N.D.) 1890-1986, January 03, 1919, Image 1

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Devoted to the Best In-*
-•.threats of the City, Coun-^
-»ty ana State—Official city
4nd county paper.
4**++*#++++***'i**4'#*
VOLUME XXIX. NUMBER 29
INITIATIVE
FARMERS
INDEPENDENT POLITICAL OR
GANIZATION
DEMAND STATE-WIDE MOVEMENT
INDICATIONS ARE~THAT ACTUAL i «ther
Early in the fall, E. W. Everson, a
farmer and former piember of the leg
islature, took it upon himself to induce
a number of his acquaintances to join
hands in an organization for the pur
pose of gathering and disseminating
unbaised and truthful
-on some of the political issues now
perplexing many minds in this state.
The organization was named the Plain
Citizens' Political Reform associatian.
In talking with other people from
other sections of the state about what
they were doing, Mr. Everson soon
found that there was a general demand
for a state-wide movement along that
line, and so he got a notion to try to
"develop the organization on a state ^or
scale.
As an initial step toward that end
lie undertook to enlist with him in
the effort Thos. G. Nelson, the man
who took the lead in developing the
American Soceity of Equity in its
pioneer days in North Dakota ^leven
jgo. Mr. ,NelBO»i wienie now a
i$-lit the western part of the
and has farmed all his life ex
cept time devoted to organization
work among farmers, was raised and
lived for many years -on a Trail coun
ty farm where Mr. Everson learned
to know him as an unceasing cham
pion for better farming, better busi
ness and better living on the farm.
A number of the most active men
associated with Mr. Everson met at
Cooperstown, to discuss the proposi
tion of making the organization state
wide, which it was decided to do ac
cording to the following items taken
from the minutes of the metting.
A resolution wr.s offered by S. H.
Nelson of Finley, and adopted by the
meeting as follows:
The arbitrary and unusual changes
required to be made in the working
condition^ and relations of labor and
capitttl, producer and consumer, mail'
ufaefcurer and distributor, in order to
successfully prosecute the War just
ended, and the work of reconstruction
coming with peace is going to make
many old political^ questions acute and
bring with it many new social, eeo
ncmic and political problems which
must be met and solved, as far as
possible by the ulain citizens of our
country.
And since in a representative de
mocracy like ours the will of the peo
ple must be expressed by means of
elections, it is very important that
the voters of our state should, in or
der to protect and prmote their own
welfare and for the good of the state
and the nation as a whole, make
every effort to provide for the gather
ing and dessemination of truthful in
formation on all side# of all questions
without being colord or wraped by
prejudice, malice or any selfish in
terest and to have our system of
elections so revised as to naturally
promote a greater interest than ever
before in public affairs, and to pro
vide for a minority representative in
all steps incident to the making of
government, and majority vote deci
sional at all final elections.
As a means to attain these ends
i: we, members of the Independent
Voters' Association, assembled in pub
lic meeting, at Cooperstown, North
•_ -Dakota, do hereby authorize and In
«t*UCt -,'our Executive Committee to
cause E special'effort to.be made to
•induce public discussion of election
ia*a and systems, and we appeal t6
the voters of North Dakota to apeW
ily join our movement in order th'&t
the greatest number pssible may con
tribute to and profit by such-public
.«• discussion.
further, inasmuch as that agrtcul
ture jls tbe one occupation and (ndus
„J try upon which nearly alj. people« in
tHir ^Ute '4ep«pd t?r the comfort' and
'"x^vvf^ ..-
IN (necessities of life, we maintain that
the grain growers and live stock pro
ducers should be permanently organ
ized on a substantial basis, and that
to obtain this end we recommend to
jail members of Equity elevators, and
farmers'
,• der the co-operative statute of our
MEN OF THE SOIL ARE BACK state and distributing profits as pat
OF DEVELOPMENT jronage dividends, that they give care
ful consideration to a proposition to
Form over Griggs and Steele coun- form a State Federation for such ele
ties, far removed from the atmosr vator companies for the purpose of
pher of the big cities with their morn- better protecting and promoting the
ing and evening papers and frequent welfare of the companies and inci
lectures on numerous topics of inter- dentally the members and patrons
est to the ordinary citizen, comes a thereof.
story indicating the desire for more! We likewise recommend a state
enlightenment on public affairs,—soc- fefderation of all co-operative live
ial, eeomonic and political. stock shipping association, co-opera-
tive
army
elevators operating un-
creameries, etc., along the lines
that our farmers' mutual insurance
companies are now developing a state
organization among themselves.
Another resolution of significance
at present, which shows that the or-
imformation telnatora of this movement believe in
fair play and are wise in that they
adopted a name for their organization
which has become widely known
through both favorably andfavorably
throughout the state, was introduced
by Andrew Wogeland and adopted by
the meeting. The resolution follows:
"Whereas there seems to be con-
O
siderable sentiment in favor of the
name Independent Voters' association
a
wide organization to pro-
mote political betterment and believ
ing that our organization can better
respond to a general demand to make
it state-wide by changing the name
from the plain Citizens' Political Re
form Association to the Independent
Voters' association.
,'-V-t'
Li,-®
..
members of the Plain Citizens' Politi
cal Reform association assembled in
meeting, In Cooperstown, No. Dakota,
this 5th day of December, A. D., 1918,
that we change the name of our or
ganization and incorporate it and
adopt the name "Independent Voters'
Association" as the corporate name of
our association, and propose to., the
members of the political committee Iwe
YANKS CHRISTMAS
TREE AMAZES HUNS
&ive
tKe
'i«letus
directly
position by members of the Thirty
sevonth engineers.
Red, white and blue incandescent
lights covered the tree, at the base
of which, in letters three feet high,
was the,insignia of the Third army,
When darkness fell the tree was
lighted up and the oand of the Sev
enty-third Field Artillery gave a con
cert. Germans assembled in num
bers and apparently greatly enjoyed
the unusual sight, suggesting, as the
official summary of the evening put,
that "there was no outward sadness
over the losS' of the war.
The large building housing the
headquarters of the Third army, as
well as smaller structures erected by
the Americans, all bear* crosses,
which'were lighted tonight. The illu
mination will be repeated tomorrow
night:
in front of the headquarters of thp eral manager of the business affairs.
Third army. There will be one committeeman for
The tree, which was forty feet sach of the 13 states in which the
high, was decorated with red, white league is said to have perfected tem
and blue ribbons and was trimmed', porarjf legal organizations.
by army nurses. It was placed fn i "The organization work" said Mr.
The electricity was furnished by a ley men to come to Sioux Falls in
portable plant brought here by the
Americans.
ENTERTAIN YANKS
New York, Jan 2.—James A. Mc
Keilna, of the ''Fighting McKennas,"
a .veteran Indian .fighter of the plains
and, a pisturesque figure known in
many, states, will be sent to France
by-the K C. to entertain American
troops,: it was announced today.
of the "home rulers," who Eye not sat
isfied with the league program for
South Dakota.
"Heretofore the Nonpartisan league
has not ineddled in county politics."
said Mr. Bowen, "but as now organ
ized it «ls proposed to clean out the
courthouse, and two years from now
exPect
which worked under the name prior to.'^e United States. At the meeting in
Our last primary election, that for the ®t. Paul there were 43 delegates pres
good of the cause they vote to turn from 12 states, and they carefully
over to us the records and
property i
including' notes, cash on 'hand, and states and unanimously adopted- the
other collateral now in possession of articles of association now being
its acting secretary, Mr. Theodore promulgated."
Koffel, on the condition that we give Bowen Explains System
a full membership in our association "Under the plan," said Mr. Bowen,
to all parties who have paid to the each township is to select their com
acting secretary in our association mitteemen, who are to meet in county
a membership fee in response to re
quest from him."
-x-i '•. .'.. .'
WASHBURN, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, UARY 3, 1019
Gen. John J. Pershing and officers of the First
fnntry passes In review. During the review General
Service Cross.
NOTHING ESCAPES ORGANIZATION
HEREAFTER SAYS BADLANDS
SCHOOLMASTER
Sioux Falls, S. D., Dec. 31.—The
Nonpartisan league is about to enlarge
its political activities, according to A.
E. Bowen, right hand man of A. C.
Townley, who came here with JValter
Thomas Mills, a solialist* oratcB^^..to,
to elect the president of
considered the interests of all the
convention and select a county com
mittee which will, at a meeting
called for that ptirposb, select a state
committee of three from each county,
which will in turn meet in state con
Lvention and select three comitteemen
Coblenz, Dec. 24. (Delayed.)^—Cob- to the national body. The mem
lenz saw its first illuminated Christ- ers of the naotional organization will
mas tree tonight. It was set up in 'select -an executice comittee of 13,
the Plaza along the Rhine,
which will elect a president and gen-
Bowen, "will be under the soul direc
tion of A. C. Townley, who has been
unaimously re-elected as president
and sole manager of the league."
"Homtf Rulers" Turned Down
Notices had been sent to ths Town-
force and head off the "home rulers."
This program was carried out. The
"home rulers" were outnumbered and
outvoted. They presented a resolu
tion demanding that- South Dakota
members should have the right to
govern themselves by electing their
own manager, sectreary and treas
urer, who should be bonded, and that
the articles of the national associa
tion should be amended to permit
this. A substitute resolution indors
ing the Townley articles of associa
tion was then offered and adopted.
It is said that Walter Thomas Mills,
until recently Townley's chief propa
gandist in North Dakota, where he it
supposed to have made, many con
certs, has been appointed Townley
field representative for South Dakota
and that a continuous, revival cam
paign will soon be started in- this
state.
Copenhagen—Russia's war casual
ties total, 8,150,000 men, according to
a Pecl^ograd dispatch. Of this unm
ber l,tDO,QOO were killed.
GENERAL PERSHING AND OFFICERS SALUTING THE COLORS
5:®a
&&M&
DEATH TOLli
IS
Austrian, 800,(
IN WAR
PLACED AT 5,936,504.
London, De j. 30.—With the issue
cf the official {figures of the French
losses n the (war it is possible to
arrive at the i pproximate estimate of
the appalling 1 ill of life. The dead, so
far, number 5,36,504. The individual
in dead thus
to a second meeting given by the Berlin Vorwaets as 6,330,
000, and the Austrian total was placed
at 4,000,000. Serbia in killed wounded
and prisoners, lost 320,000 men.
POSTMASTER SLAYER OF
LIVINGSSTON POLITICIAN
Livingston, Mont., Dec. 30—In the
county jail last night Postmaster J. E.
Swindlehurst', who was arrested last
night in connection with the death of
Republican State Chairman O. M. Har
vey, which occured following a fight
between the two, issued the first state
ment he had made since the tragedy.
"Of course it w&s purely an accident.
I had no intention of injuring him. I
feel very, very ba^y. I .couldn't feel
worse," he said.
A Coroner's jury which heard testi
mony of witnesses and physicians for
three hours this afternoon returned a
verdict finding that Harvey "came to
his death by a concussion of the brain
or hemorrhage caused by a blow o"r
blows administered by J. E. Swindle
hurst."
Results of an autopsy performed by
R. D. Alton this afternoon and com
municated to thfe coroner's jury show
ed that Mr. Harvey, who was unusally
'fleshy, had abnormally small lungs and
enlarged liver and heart, the latter
argely composed of fat.' They report
ed finding no fracture of the skull and
no broken bone, but found a small
hemorrhage of the barin.
Details of the fight which resulted in
the death of one of the Btate's most
prominent citzens were related by sev
eral witnesses, none of whom reported
having seen the beginning of the com
bat. All.agreed that they saw Swindle
burst strike Harvey and knock him
down.
GIVE YANKS $2,250,000.
Coblenz, Dec. 27 (Delayed).—Nine
'million marks ($2,250,000) arrived here
today from Berlin to be turned over
to the American army authorities as
•part of Germany's payment toward
the expenses of the army of occupa
tion. The Germans now have given
the Americans, in accordance with
(the terms of the armistice $11,250,000.
The money has been transported by
American motor truck and by train.
In several instances some of the mil
lions were shipped from Berlin by
•train under guard of German soldiers.
AIRMEN 8UCCE8SFUL
Washington.—American airmen in
France brought down 854 German air
planes and 82 German balloons
against an American loss of 271
plajaes apd 4&4>alloons. CasuaUties of
the American alt service in action
\vere 442 including 109 killed.
LEADER
1
0 German, 1,600,000.
&
Ivlsion are here shown saluting the colors us the Sixteenth In
terfiling decorated many of the tpen with the Distinguished
national losse
liounced are:
British,** 706,
American, Russian, 1,700,000 'certiori should not be issued ordering
far an- I
-adPliolo uyiSi..
We»i«rn N w* pa j:Jj
DEMANDS VOTE DATA
DAKOTA SUPREME COURT ASKED
WOR WRIT IN CASE OF NON­
PARTY AMENDMENT
Bismarck, N. D., Dec.31.—On Janu-
ary
14, the state canvassing board
must show cause to the North Ba-
26 French, 1,071,300 kc-ta supreme court why a writ of
the canvessers, as a body and as in
di\adual£,to -produce all records and
proceedings in connection with their
recent action in declaring that the
Nonpartisan league amendment pro
gram was passed at the November
election.
Theodore G. Nelson, manager of the
Independent Voters' association, has
petitioned for a writ. Great interest
is taken in the proceedings as five of
tbe amendments were declared adopt
ed, despite the fact that they did not
receive a majority of all votes cast.
The canvassing board held that a
majority of votes cast for each
amendment was sufficient. Secretary
of State Thomas Hall, a leaguer, and
State Treasurer John Steen, an in
dependent, joined in a majority re
port holding that only the two amend
ments which received a majority of all
the votes cast were carried.
The petitioners recite that the
league majority "in declaring, jjthat.
the five proposed amendments were
carried and adopted, exceeded jts au
thority and acts illegally."
Four members of the supreme court
wore elected by the Nonpartisan
league. They are Associate'Justices
Luther E. Birdzell, R. H. Grace, J. E.
Robinson and H. A. Bronson. Associ
ate Justice Robjnson, although a
leaguer, has already publicly ex
pressed his opinion as to the action
of the state canvassing board, agree
ing with the stand taken by Secretary
of State Hall.
The five amendments which are at
issue relate to public ownership of
industries, removing the limit from
public indebtedness, the manner of
adopting constitutional amendments
to taxation, authorizing the legisla
ture to exempt from taxation all per
sonal property, including Improve
ments on lands, and to the manner in
wLich emergency measures may be
given immediate effect. These five
amendments embody the changes
which the league considers most vital
to the success of its economic pro
gram, and all of them received less
than a majority of all the votes cast
at the general election.
WHEAT PRICE LAW ASKED
Washington, Doc. 30.—Legislation
to make effective the wheat price
guarantee for the 1919 crop and at
the same time to safe guard the gov
ernment againBt losses was recom
mended to Congress today by the
Department of Agriculture and tbe
cod administration.
FOUR SISTERS WEO 8AME DAY
'daughters of Henry Hall, a well
known planter living at Grady, near
"this city, were married on a recent
day—three at home and the fourth at
lake Village.
!he
Largest and oldest pa
per In McLean County—•
Established as The Times 4'
on May 10, 1883.
8UB8CRIPTION $2.00 PER YEAR
ACCOUNT OF WHAT AMERICAN
BOYS DID AT HOME THEY
DID IT
CRAWLED 8LOWLY TO VICTORY
ENEMY FOUGHT TO LAST—MEN
FOUND DEAD ON THEIR
GUNS NEXT DAY
Fighting in F'rance is over, but—
Accounts of what Americans did
while the fighting lasted, and how they
did it, are still interesting to home
folks. This account of one of the
ittle battles won by the American
roops on the Meuse-Argonne front,
•.vas written by a British correspond
ent of the London Times, under date
if October' 19:
"How the Americans took any of
wooded heights is a puzzle, but
the story of the seizure of the Cote
.e Chatillon, one of the finest opera
ons American forces have ac
complished, s illustrative not only or
heir dea bless valour, but also of the
-frim untflty with which the Ger
mans are holding on. This hill is 800
'eet high. Thickly clustered with
'.rees and rising steeply it was an ideal
position for defence. The Americans
on Wednesday attempted its capture.
Traversing its slops yard by yard,
they found that the Germans had con
structed a machine-gun fortress on
the height, and every minute of the
10 hours they spent there a merciless
rain of lead poured into them from all
sides. A 77 gun was ensconced on
the summit of the height and fired
steadily on the ascending Americans.
"glojsrly the ^ericans, craiy.Uwg on
their stomachs, faced thrit massed fire
of machine-guns and rifles, accom
panied by the ceasless crack of burst
ing shrapnel and the roar of hand
grenades. It was deadly work. The
trees were all wired together, making
an almost impossible barrier. Volun
eers faced the fire to cut lines through
this belt of wire. But it was decided
instead to bring up Stokes mortars.
Through dreary mud and depressing
rain the Americans dragged these up
to their positions and turned them on
the Germans.
"Soon there was consternation
among the enemy. The fire of the
mortars, converting the whole side in
to a mass of shambled earth and men,
brought out several prisoners, who
sought to surrender. But most of the
Germans continued to fight. Hour
after hour went by and brought no
cessation to the grinding and merciless
struggle. Yard after yardc the Ameri
cans gained, stopping not for dark
ness of the night, but pushing 6n slow
ly and determinedly.
"At last the greater part of the
slopes were gained, the wire penetrat
ed, and all that remained was a hand
t'c-hand fight. As the enemy's ma
chine-guns stopped firing, out came
the bayonet, and with a spring and
a wild hurrah, the Americans fell upon
the enemy. But the Germans were
brave men. Standing and kneeling at
their guns, they fought to the last.
Many were found dead on their guns
lie following day.
"The prisoners at the rear were as
tonished to find that the Americans
looked quite humane, and all they
talked about was the absolutely wild
men with fierce faces whom they had
seen behind a bayonet. It was a glori
ous American victory."
NORTH DAKOTAN SEEKS
PICKPOCKET IN CITIES
Minneapolis, Mihn., Dec. 30.—Chas.
Homerberg, a fanner living near
Oakes, N. D., came to Minneapolis to
spend Christmas in order to find the
pickpocket who had robbed him of
$140 while he was in the city last
fall. Mr. Homerberg met the theif
in the same saloon where the prev
ious "picking" had taken placfe, and,
according to hhe story he told the po
lice today, the pickpocket robbed him
again. His latest loss, he said, total
ed $1,100, consisting of $200 in cash
and a draft for $900 on an Oakes
bank.
Homerberg told the police of. engag
ing the thelf in conversation while
awaiting an fltportunity to remove ftts
pecketbook. The man suddenly left
him standing at the bar, Homerberg
said. Shortl£ afterward Homerberg
discovered that his own wallet had al
so disappeared.

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