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Devoted to the Best In-*
•.tgresta of the City, Coun
ty ana State—Official city
and county paper. *.
VOLUME XXIX. NUMBER 30.
L1FE HAD CEASED WHEN MRS.
ROOSEVELT WENT TO
PRIVATE FUNERAL WAS HELD
EX-PRESIDENT AND PIONEER OF
NORTH DAKOTA. LIVED
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Jan. 6.—Theodore
Roosevelt, for seven years President
of the United States, died at his home
•at Sagamore Hill at 4:15 A. M. today.
The famous American exponent of
the "strenuous life," who had fought
in the Spanish-American war,, and risk
ed death in hunting big game and ex-!
ploring the jungles of Africa and
South America, passed away peace
fully while asleep, the victim of a
blood clot in the lungs, resulting from
inflammatory rheumatism, traceable
to an infected tooth from which he
suffered twenty years ago.
f" The funeral was held Wednesday,
and at the request of Mrs. Roosevelt
were private. Two services were held,
one at Sagamore Hill, the other at
•Christ's church, which the Roosevelt's
liave for years attended, Dr. George
Talmadge, rector, officited
Colonel Roosevelt was buried at
Young's ^Memorial cemetery, Oyster
Bay, in a plot selected by the Colonel
and his wife shortly after he left the
Lived In North Dakota.
,In the spring of 1884, Mr. Roose
velt's wife and mother died within a
week. Exqiiisitely tender in all his
family relations, this double loss sent
him into the wilderness for his "forty
days." Yet no part of his life was
more natural or more significant than
JyiRJ'and the proceeding and succeeding
^vr't"visits, until political life claimed all
his energy, except in hard-earned
and hard-spent vacations.
But the world had its work for
Roosevelt. Communication never
ceased between Medora and New
York City. Newspapers and letters
found their way west, and at times
counsel with this young man whom
Curtis had watched. Roosevelt him
self went east during the winters.
Finally the call came. He return
ed to New York, accepted the nomi
nation for mayor, and was beaten.
D.efeat never defeated Theodore
Boosevelt. He "came back" after the
mayoralty defeat, as after the pro
gressive -iJeTeat in 1912. Above all
things he was not a quitter.
'Spoils System Fought
•j£ In 1889, Roosevelt was appointed by
President Harrison United States
civil service commissioner. Four
years later he was continued in the
appointment by President Cleveland
In this office Mr. Roosevelt fought
the spoils system, ana succeeded in
strengthening civil service reform.
In 1895 Mayor Strong appointed him
president of the New York Police
board, where he supervised with the
minutest care and increasing good
results the life of the great city. He
loft that post in 1897—under pro
test of such men as E. L. Godkin of
"the Nation," and of Japies Bryee,
afterwards Lord Bryce, who believed
the cleaning up of New York the
greatest work an American could do—
to go up to Washington, to become
assistant secretary of the navy, un
der John D. Long.
From that time on Theodore Roose
velt belonged to the nation.
Great Shock In Washington.
The death of Colonel Roosevelt stir
red and shocked Washington, D. C.
Universal regret at the passing of a
great figure in the nation's^ life was
.evident on every hand. Profound
sorrow was shown by the men who
knew the former president personally,
and his political friends and antagon
ists joined in expression Of admiration
for th£ man.
Men in all walks of life were eager
tor the details. Telephones into news
paper offices were kept busy with
calls from high officials of the gov
^0 eminent, foreign diplomats and memb
ers of congress as the news spread.
On the streets and everywhere the
anxious interest was apparent. Work
men on a new building going up in
the business district quit to hear and
discuss the story.
The announcement was cabled
President Wilson as soon as
ea the White House.
Flaggs were half staffed
HIS ROOM White House, the Capital and all pub
i lie buildings on the announcement of
the death of Colonel Roosevelt, and in
i respect to the memory of the former
prominent politicians would find their. tuai defeat, that Germany, had been
way west also, to watch and to
president and commander in chief,
Secretary Daniels and General March
ordered flags at half mast on every
ship and shore station of the navy
and at every army post and camp at
home and abroad. The Supreme court
prepared to adjourn.
Both houses of congress adjourned
'today as a mark of respect after
adopting resolutions of regret at the
death of Colonel Roosvelt and pro
viding for the appointment of com
mittee to attend the funeral.
Colonel RoosevSlts daughter, Mrs.
Nicholas Longworth, and her hus
band, Representative Longworth of
Ohio, left Washington on an early
train for Oyster Bay.
Secretary Daniels and General
Mrch ordered flags halfl-masted on
'every ship and shore station of the
navy and at every army post and
Icamp at home and abroad. Similar
orders were sent by Secretary of the
Treasury Glass and Postmaster Gen
eral Burleson to lower the flags of
public buildings throughout the coun
Secretary Daniels broadcasted by
radio a personal memorandium to
commanding officers of the navy.
HARDEN APPEALS TO
London, Jan. 9,—The Times quotes
an article appearing in Die Zukunft
of Berlin of Dec. 14 in which Maxi
milian Harden, its editor, appeals to
Qennxmy~.-to -make a iJemonstratioi?
of good faith and readiness 'to secure
confidence by giving guarantees.
The article asserts that the Ger
man people fail to face the facts
about their own plight and Allied
opinions. First, it says, the German
people accepted the "Official lie" in
vented in order to conceal the re
sponsibility of the emperor for even-
attacked and, second, when
defeat come, the German people
let off their own rulers so lightly. It
declares the German people do not
really understand the account which
is being made up against them,
which Herr Harden described as
"fifty-one months of brutal rule in
Belgium during which every law of
humanity was broken, the devasta
tion of northern France, air rttids
against all law, the. custom of'sink
ing passenger and hospital ships
secret agreements with the Irish and
the Flemish, the smuggling of explo
sives, baccilli and incendiary instru
ments into neutral countries, and
everywhere bribery, fraud and theft."
Herr Harden asserts that the German
SHELLS PLANTED IN
3 HOMES EXPLODE
shells loaded with nitroglycerine or
TNT were exploded last night at the
homes of three men' prominent in pub
jlic lif©. Revenge against the police
and public officials For enforcing the
law against sedition and the display
of the red flag was given as the rea
son for the attacks. The homes at
tacked were those of Judge Mossicher
of the Pennsylvania supreme court.
President Trigg of Philadelphia cham
ber of commerce and Acting Chief of
Po\jce Mills. The three homes are
in widely separated sections of the
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Menard re
turned Thursday from Minneapolis
where they went several weeks ago
for the benefit of Mr. Menard's
Ihealth. The doctors in the Twin
was no better for him than
Cities told him the climate of Minne
Wllton so he decided to come home.
He feels somewhat improved since
to going away.—Wilton News.
people do not realize the situation Americans of Bohemian-Slovak pa
they have to face and after express- rentage fought well, made many sac
ing the belief that the Allies believe
that the German revolution is a fraud:
urges Germany to approach the Allied
powers with assurance that Ger
many really places allTier hopes in
the abandonment of Militaristic am
bitions and the creation of a new
WASHBURN, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1919.
Without delay the camps were
broken up and the soldiers were be
ing rapidly entrained so that by to
day the entire caravan of brave
men, .who fought for the Allied* cause
According to a statement made to
me by the Czecho-Slovak minister of
foreign affairs, 8,000 Czechs-Slovak
Soldiers are proceeding immediately
for Prague, but the journey may take
four weeks. The route arranged is
through Italy, where the home-going
Soldiers will be given ovations such
•as are accorded to conquering heroes.
The other 2,000 soldiers are to pro
ceed within three weeks.
Reports from Pargue are that prep
arations are being made for an elab
orate reception. The citizens of
Prague will present banners and flags
•to the Czecho-Slovak army from
France and also tokens to individuals.
Sixty Per Cent From U. S.
About sixty per cent of the soldiers
going from this country to Prague
are from various places in the United
States where there are large Bo
hemian and Slovak populations. These
rifices and received many rewards for
bravery. They do not love America
less, but they entered the Czecho
slovak army to help in the common
cause of freeing their kin from the
persecution of centuries. They did so
as Americans as well as Bohemians
On talking with them all expressed
their joy to me at going to Frague.
Some will remain in the Czecho-Slov
I ak republic that they can help by
10.—Sharpnel. their presence there. Others say that,
after visiting the land of their fore
fathers, they will return to their
homes in America.
Carry American Flag.
In going to the Czecho-Slovak re
public the soldiers carry not only
their own colors, but also those of
the Allies and of the United States.
Some of the American flags were sent
to them from the other side of the
"Sharing in the work of freeing our
people is a sufficient reward for all
our trials, sacrifices and tribulations,"
declared a Czecho-Slovak to me while
busily packing up for the trip. "We
are all glad that the war is ended,
but we would fight for many years
land to the last man to achieve inde
pendence aiad freedom of the people
"Prof. Mazaryk looms up in our
histroy as the modern Washington of
the Czechoslovak republic. Pres*
ident Wilson as the emancipator of
the oppressed people of Europe and
The reconstruction period is now sweeping
rebuilt. This photograph shows a scene on a rod
mana. The British constructed A light railway
ON THE MY HIE
"ON TO PRAGUE" ORDER BRINGS
JOYFUL SHOUT FROM SLAVS
(By Anthony Cazarneck)
Paris. Jan. 10.—"On to Prague" was
the peacful order given to the 10,000
soldiers of the Czecho-Slovak army
ill France and Belgium which thrilled
every one of them with joy and
brought feverish excitement and
RECONSTRUCTION tH DEVASTATED FRANCE
'Belgium that through
its victory the people of Bohemia and
Slovakia might be free and independ
ent, might be on their way bound for
the Czecho-Slovak republic.
8,000 On Way Home.
the begtdwer of democracy lamong
them will® hold a large place.- In the
new Czecho-Slovak republic the Stars
and Stripes will always be a sym
bol of unselfish sacrifice, service and
help for liberty, humanity and equal
NEW COUNTY OFFICER
office one month earlier. All the other
officers Tjere re-elected with the ex
ception of Charles Hanson, who takes
the place of O. B. Wing, as County
The new board was organized Wed
nesday, Jan., 8, with Henry Martin
re-elected as chairman.
WENT TO FRANCE
TO LEND A HAND
THEY TOOK A LEG
BIG YANK FROM MIDDLE WEST
ERN STATE CAN JOKE ABOUT
HIS LOSS OVER THERE
New York, Jan. 9.—"1 went to
France to 'lend a hand' and they cook
He was a big lad from a middle
Western farm, the American soldiei
who called out this jest to cheer his
"neighbor in. the sick bay of the Em
press of Britain, the first transport
to arrive here with the "litter cases"
ifrom he American hospitals in
"That is just a sample of the nev
er failing humor of these boys, ris
ing above suffering, above helpless
ness," said Miss Maude ICellam, chief
"nurse of the big vessel, as she came
ashore a few days ago.
"All the way over they yearned for
a sight of 'the old girl in the harbor,
she continued, "yet when we came up
the bay. and none of them could gei
oil deck to hail the Statue of Liberty
'.is we passed, there were" no com
"This is the spirit now but I'm
afraid of the future," said Miss Kel
lam, who was superintendent of nurs
es at the Colorado Training School
before she entered the army service.
She urged women to prepare them
selves for their part in the recon
struction period, not in the devastated
regions of Europe, whose people, she
said preferred'to handle the prob
lem themselves, but here at home.
"There is plenty of reconstruction
work for the wopian who wants to
help," she asserted. "I'm afraid our
enthusiasm is going to spend itself
after a year or so—-just about tho
time our wounded soldiers are begin
ning to feel the bitterness at the
thought of the 'missing leg.' Jhea
they will need the women. I don't
know" just what the women will oe
called upon to do, but their work
wiil turn up. The boys will need
their enthusiasm and sympathy then
more than now."
If thine enemy hunger, feed him
if he thirst, give him-drink.
rer all of the lint tie-scarred area of France and the roads are being
in the vicinity of Cambrai that was mined by the retreating Ger
id a new road.
TAKES UP HIS DUTIES
There were few changes made at
the Court! House. Ole H. Stefferud
qualified jas sheriff with Charles
Rawuka of Benedict as deputy. The
time of Mr. E. C. Stocker County
Auditor expires April 1, 1919.
Fred Genner of Garrison, who was
elected County Treasurer, will take
his office[-May 1. Mr. R. W. Brown
son, now acting Treasurer, will hold
the officeluntil that time, or may re
sign AprijJ.1, to take up his office as
Western Newspaper IJnton
THIRTY HAZEN FARMERS LOOK
IN VAIN FOR MATERIAL OR
DERED LONG AGO
The Home Lumber Co., is again un
der investigation. Attorney John
Moses, representing 30 farmers resid
ing in the vicinity of Hazen, appeared
before the blue sky commission Fri
day demanding to know why lumber
and posts ordered by his clients
months ago had not been delivered.
All of the farmers it is alleged, bought
stock in the Home Lumber Co. upon
representation from the salesmen to.
the effect that as stockholders they
$d be able to procure their lumber
tiijlding material for about 50 per
cfnftne price^fiarged by other' com
The blue sky commission had set the
bearing for Friday, but because of the
non-appearance of J. K. Stalnnd, fis
cal agent and general manager of the
company, the proceedings were ad
joured until today, when Stalnand,
who is enroute from Washington, is
expected to appear before the board.
An inquiry into the stock selling
methods of the Pan Motor Co. of St.
Cloud, Minn., also has been set for
this meeting of the blue sky commis
sion, but the matter has not been for
mally taken up aB yet.
The Washburn Leader—The expos
ure of the Home Lumber Co., in dif
ferent issues of the Leader seems to
have-been a good thing for the farm
ers in MCLean County and saved them
considerable amount of money.
The Home. Lumber Co. from the
time of organization was nothing more
ot organization was nothing more
than a big graft and a lot of farmers
over the state have bit, and but for
the Washburn Leader a lot of the
farmers inMcLean County would have
taken stock in said company and or
dered lumber by the car loads. The
article taken from the Bismarck Trib
une, as printed bove goes to show as
to the honesty of the Home Lumber
Co. The Hon. John E. Williams,*
States Attorney for McLean County,
at the time of the organization of the
Home Lumber Co., was elected, nam
ed, or just put down as one of the
trustees of this same company and
'was taking a lot of interest in the
pet enterprise until tfte Washburn
Leader and other papers over the
state put the brand of graft on this
gret lumber plant, better known now
s the Home Lumber Co.
RURAL CARRIER EXAMINATION
The United States Civil Service
Commission has announced an examin
ation for the County of McLean, N. D.
to be held at Washburn on February
8 1919 to fill the position of rural car
rier at Wilton, Max and Garrison and
Vacancies that may later occur on
rural routes from other post offices in
the above mentioned county. The
examination will be open only to male
citizens who are actually domiciled in
the territory of a post office in the
county and who meet the other re
quirements set forth in Form No.
1977. This form and application
blanks may be obtained from the of
fices mentioned jabove or from the
United States Civil Service Commis-.
sioh at Wshington, D. C. Applica
tions should be forwarded to the Com
'mission at Washington at the earliest
SUBSCRIPTION $2.00 PER YEAR.
SOCIALIST LEADER GIVE8 SIGH
OF RELIEF AS HE
Chicago, Jan. 8.—After bejng on
the stand for three days, Victor L.
Berger of Milwaukee, who with four
other Socialst chiefs is on trail
charged with conspiracy to interfere
with the government's prosecution
of the war, concluded his testimony
Berger breathed a sigh of relief as
he stepped from the witness stand.
Seldom has a defendant been sub
jected to a more severe cross exam
ination than that administrated to
Berger, by Assistant District Attor
Government agents worked a year
investigating Berger's records and as
a result a mass of documentary evi
dence was in the hands of govern
ment counsel for use In the cross
examination of the defendant.
Berger was confronted with prac
tically every public utterance al
leged to be sedtious, which he had
made in recent years, and with hun
dreds of published anti-war articles,
lie was asked to explain a number of
statements which apparently he had
forgotten ever having made.
Looks For Aid In Vain
The cross examination uncovered
a number of surprises. While under
the ordeal Berger looked appealingly
°.t his attorneys for protection but
they were unable to stem the tide of
questions by government counsel
which, in nearly every instance,
brought incriminating admissions.
Berger at "the opening of the court
complained of a headache and asked
to be excused from reading docu
"Is it not true that the majority
Socialists of Germany stood by the
kaiser in theawar?" asked Mr. Flem
"They stood by their country, not
by the kaiser," replied the witness.
Government counsel then read
from newspaper reports showing
that the majority Socialists of Ger
many supported the kaiser through
out the war.
Mr. Fleming read from a speech by
Berger in which he declared that in
the advent with war with Japan the
Socialists of this nation would stand
by their country to the last ditch.
"In other words, the Socialists
would stand by this country in a war
with Japan but not in a war with
Germany," said the government coun
"No I mean that the Socialists
would stand by this country in a
war with any nation if our country
were attacked," replied Berger.
"Do you think Germany attacked
this country when it sent submarines
to our eastern coast and raided our
shipping?" asked Mr. Fleming.
"No, I don't," said the witness
"She was not attacked in the same
sense as Belgium."
1919 WHEAT PRICES
Washington, Jan. 10.—Chairman
Lever of the house agriculture com
mittee announced today after a con
ference with Secretary fiouston that
legislation to insure the maintenance
of the government wheat guarantee
price for the 1919 crop was being
drafted by the department of agri
culture and that he would introduce
it in congress within a few days.
Mr. Lever said the legislation
would authorize the Presindent to con
tinue operation of the food adminis
tration's grain corporation or create
a new agency for buying, selling and
storing the 1919 crop. A revolving
fund of $600,000,006 for the use of the
corporation also would be provided.
"The government," Mr. Lever said,
will buy all of the 1919 crop and
sell it at the world price, whatever
that may be." He added that the
government might lose a large sum
by maintaining the price, but that
it was necessary to keep faith with
While the world wheat reserve
soon to be released was not now
known, Mr. Lever said, Australia has
a supply of 300,000,000 bushels and
Argentina, India and other countries
probably have large stocks, the sale
of which might effect the export de
mand and reduce prices.
All that take the sword shall per
ish with the sword.
Largest and oldest pa
per In McLean County—
Established as The Times
on May 10, 1883.