NEWS REVIEW OF
Governor Parker of Louisiana
Calis Out State Troops in
Case Involving Ku Klux.
CONFERENCE ON PROHIBITION
President Consults Fifteen Governors
Xn Prohibition Enforcement—Rit
chie of Maryland In Opposition
—German Reparations and
American Help for
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
SECRETARY OF AGRICUL
& TURE WALLACE says the
farmers of the United States
will get between $1,500,000,000
and $2,000,000,000 more for
their crops this year than last,
despite the fact that agricul
tural prices are lower relative
ly than prices of other things.
Is this true of the fanners In
JOHN M. PARKER of Louisi
ana, who has promised to squelch
the Ku Klux Klan In his state, took
bis first radical action in that line last
week when he ordered a company of
the National Guard to proceed to Mer
Rouge and Bastrop, In Morehouse
parish, to await his orders. That par
ticular parish has been the field of
much Klan activity and the organiza
tion was said to be connected with
the celebrated Mer Rouge kidnaping
case of last August, which the author
ities have been entirely unable to
solve. Five citizens of the town were
kidnaped and two of them, MaJ. Watt
Daniels and Thomas Fletcher Rich
ards, have not been seen since. The
men who were released said the kid
napers "looked like what we know of
the Ku Klux as they had hoods and
robes." There was a rumor Wednes
day that the bodies of the missing
men bad been found and that this ac
counted for the calling out of the
troops. Another explanation of the
governor's action, was that residents
of Jena, In La Salle parish adjoining
Morehouse parish, had passed resolu
tions asking to be "relieved from the
oppression of the Klan."
At the recent conference of gover
nors In White Sulphur Springs, W.
Va„ Governor Parker sought to obtain
assurance of co-operation from other
executives in his war oh the Klan,
bat be was rather disappointed In
The Volstead law changed all tills..
Oar people, in the main," regard It as
an unnecessary and drastic federal in
fringement of their state and personal
right*. The lack* of rtApe^rt for law
and the actual lawleesnes* whlcbbave
resulted U deplorable, The only rem
edy I »ee is to recognizethat the Vol
aftttd tew If destructive of the rights
the states and to torn the whole
«asftloD back to the states, so that
«U* may ,settle it to accordance with
e w o w n e o a
1—View of tented city at, Dedeagatch, western Thrace, where tens of thousands of Greek refugees are in
distress. 2—New voice recording device by which a message by Vice President Coolldge was photographed
tor broadcasting on Christmas eve. 8—Victor Murdock of Kansas, new chairman of the federal trade com
These were cited as the chief de
fects In prohibition enforcement:
1. Federal prohibition officers, num
bering 4,000, are n,ot sufficiently nu
merous to cope with evasion of the
2. In many instances federal officers
are political henchmen who wink at
8. Until the national government
stamps out interstate "rum running"
state enforcement will be difficult.
4. State enforcement laws In many
states ai*e too lax.
5. Federal judges are too lenient
6. The metropolitan press is too
prone to treat prohibition enforcement
President Harding said he would
call another conference next year, to
include new governors, and that a pro
gram of federal and state co-operation
would be mapped out
HARDING played host
for 15 of governors at lunch
con in the White House and discussed
with them the problem of enforcing
the prohibition law. Fourteen of them
•greed/ with the President that meas
ores must be adopted for rigid en
forcement of the VolBtead act. The
other, Governor Ritchie of Maryland,
denounced the law as ail intolerable
extension' of paternalism In contraven
tion of state rights.
'"The great majority of people of
Maryland believe the Volstead law
•imply cannot be enforced there,"
Governor Ritchie asserted. "Our peo
ple are Imbued with a fine traditional
respect for law and established order,
and we were 'effectively solving the
temperance question by local option
Daring that' methor' when the people.
of a community Wanted prohibition
'they actually got It
HE appropriation bill, car
a total of $825,000,000, and
providing for an enlisted personnel of
86,000 men, was passed by the house
on Monday. It Includes a request
that the President negotiate with for
eign powers relative to limiting con
struction of warcraft under 10,000
tons, though Representative Mondell
told the house Mr. Harding needed no
urging and would start the negotia
tions "when he deems it wise and
opposed to the ship sub
sidy measure continued the fight
In the i senate, some trying to force It
aside for consideration of the Norris
agricultural financing bill and others
endeavoring to kill it entirely. Among
the latter were McKellar of Tennes
see, who Introduced an amendment to
eliminate the entire government aid
section and King of Utah, who intro
duced a bill proposing abolition of the
shipping board and transfer of Its
functions to the Department of Com
In the house further consideration
of the Green resolution for an amend
ment to the Constitution prohibiting
the Issuance of tax-exempt securities,
as urged by the President and Secre
tary Mellon, was postponed until after
the holidays. Opponents of the reso
lution said it was beaten.
LADD of North Dakota,
Republican, has introduced a
resolution calling-for an investigation
by the senate foreign affairs commit
tee to ascertain the true state of af
fairs in Nicaragua, the facts concern
ing American occupation of that re
public, In 1910 why American forces
still are quartered there, and "the
connection between certain New York
commercial houses and the Chamorro
Clan government of Nicaragua." The
resolution set forth various criticisms
of the American policy in Nicaragua,
declaring that "no state of war' exists
between the United States and Nica
ragua which would justify the per
manent quartering of our military
forces upon a territory of a friendly,
neighborly nation" that "the execu
tive department has no constitutional
powers to maintain such invasion
without the consent of congress."
is on his
way home from England, having
been called, for a conference with the
President and his advisers concerning
the possibility of the United States'
bringing aboUt a settlement of the
reparations question" and thus helping
to relieve the financial distress of Eu
rope. The administration, it is under
stood, insists the reparations settle
ment must be made without 8 can
cellation of, the allied debts tb this
country. England and France appear
to think this cannot or should not
be done. Mr. Harvey's advice in the
matter Is regarded as valuable and
necessary. I:' ..
The European^ nations are skeptical
concerning an American loan, and the
French especially dislike the idea
that is said to be under consideration,
declaring it beatto the stamp "Made
In Germany." Thomas' W.Lamont of
J. Morgan ft Co. asserted-in Mew
York that: the American people have
no intention of making* loan to Ger
many because that country Urnot In
a portion' at the present time "to'in
spire oar people with confidence to
bay itp bonds." At the sarie timt'lfir.
Latuont stated coaditionB nnderwhlch
he bttSmH a fepnttrlant'
HILE the experts at Lausanne
drafting the Near East
peace treaty the conferees continued
to wrangle over the plans for the
control,of the straits and certain oth
er matters In dispute. Tchitcherin's
proposals concerning the Dardanelles
were turned down flatly by the allies,
and the Russians threatened to take
their dollrags and go home. The Turk
ish plan was greatly at variance with
that of the allies, but Lord Curzon
was vexed because It was so long de
layed and Insisted the allied scheme be
taken as the basis for discussion. The
Englishman used severe language to
Ismet Pasha and that gentleman was
considerably affronted and said Tur
key would not submit to be thus dic
tated to, Ismet and his colleagues
were worried by news from Angora to
the effect that Premier Raouf Bey had
told the national assembly the Turk
ish government would ndt yield to
British attempts to run the "steam
roller" over them and that It stood
squarely on the Turkish nationalist
pact Ismet fears that if he yields
too far any agreement he may make
will be rejected by the assembly*
It was announced in Angora that
the Chester project for railroad con
struction In eastern Anatolia and for
mineral concessions baa been accept
ed and the principal financial ar
rangements will soon be effected. This
concern is largely financed by Amer
ABRIEL NARUTOWICZ, the re
cently inaugurated president of
Poland, paid the penalty of high po
sition in a country where racial and
religious animosities always have
caused strife and bloodshed. He was
murdered by an artist who is sup
posed to have been the tool of the
faction led by General Halter. His
opponents said he was elected by the
votes of the Jews and Germans and
that he did hot represent the real
Poles. Last week the national assem
bly was called together to choose his
successor. Stanislaus WojciechOwskl'
was elected to the perilous position.
He is a friend of PaderewskI and |tnio
ceededthe pianist as actihg prlmemin
T"\ENVBR was startled Monday, and
the federal law forces through
out the country aroused* by the bold
exploit ofsevenmasked bandits who
stole |200,000 in ,••• paper currency
which was-being transferred 4rbm the
Denver mint to a reserve bank deliv
ery truck. The robbers had a re
volver battle with armed guard* of
the mint, one of whom-they-killed,
to ,ai' automobile. A»
thoHttek are fcfcffc#d-jfr -Mile** the
floated In this country at some future
time, not a large loan, but enough to
enable Germany "to get over the hill."
These conditions were, he said, the
settlement of the reparations prob
lem and the fixing of a definite sum
so that Germany would be aware of
her obligation. "Following on the
fixation of this sum," he continued,
"Germany must set out 'on a period
of deflation. There may possibly
come with that a scheme of the allies
for the supervision of such deflation,
Including the administration of Ger
many's customs. Even If a loan Is
advanced I doubt if Germany will be
lent a sun sufficient to discharge her
the allied premiers gather
in Paris on January 2 it will not
be known what course France will
pursue In regard to sanctions against
Germany. At present Premier Poin
care is standing firm. To American
correspondents he said France would
not accept any change in the treaty of
Versailles calling for the evacuation
of the Rhlneland within less than the
16 years specified in it He indicated
that his government was strongly op
posed to any solution of the repara
tions question which Involved expen
sive French sacrifices, and that Ger
many must give new guarantees for
future payments In order to obtain a
One result of the rumors of Amer
ican help was the sudden rise of the
mark in Berlin. The people expected
to find prices correspondingly reduced,
but were fooled.
of Late Events in
The annual meting of the North Da
kota division of the Theodore Roose
velt international highway will be held
In Mlnot January S
Courses In Painting at A. C.
Beginning January 2 the state A.
will institute compleib courses in
painting and decorating.
Governor 8eeka Tax Reduction.
Letters have been written by the
governor to all county auditors in the
state asking their close co-operation in
the reduction of the state tax burden.
Discuss Co-ordination of Charities.
At the first open forum meeting of
.the newly reorganized Association of
Commerce In Bismarck, the subject of
co-ordination of the city's various
charities was discussed.
Destroy $4,000 Worth of Whiskey.
Fire hundred quart bottles of whis
key valued at $4,000 were destroyed by
the Sttitsman county sheriff at James
town, on order of the county judge.
Lone Tree Bank Looted*
Tunneling through the concrete wall
of the vault and using explosives on
the safe doors, yeggs looted the Lone
Tree State bank of, $900 in Liberty
bonds, $200 in cash, and $60 In stamps.
Alfalfa Brings $52 per Aere,
Four acres of alfalfa yielded one
Ramsey county farnier a gross return
of $52 per acre this fall It was
planted last year and this year pro
duced seven tons of hay and 400
pounds of seed. The farmer plans to
sow 25 acres next year.
Indian Cattle Top Market
Twice this fall, cattle shipped by
Standing Rock Indians have topped
the market. The second triumph was
scored last week when stock sent by
Little Eagle and Bullhead from near
Fort Yates brought seven cents a
Albino Rats Killed at Mlnot
Some-years ago a business man at
Mlnot gave up raising white rats and
released a number. Recently Boy
Scouts have been conducting a cam
paign against a peculiar albino rat
Infesting portions of the city they
are uniformly marked in gray, white,
and pink. It is believed they are the
common species crossed wlth^ the white
rats of years ago.
Teachers' Secretary Resigns.
R. L. Brown of Valley City has re
signed as full time secretary of the
North Dakota Education association
and whether or not this organization
of the state teachers, numbering now
about 3,600 meiqbers, can afford to em
ploy another salaried secretary is
being considered by the executive com
mitte. The only source of revenue is
a $2.50 annual membership fee.
Lignite Goes Over Million Mark.
From October, 1921, to October,
1922, North Dakota produced 1,057,823
tons of lignite coal, the first time the
state's output of this product has
reached the million ton mark. The
year ending October, 1921, had a pro
duction of 895,715 tons. In 1911 the
output was only 502,000 tons. The
value of last year's product was $2,
278,771.22. There were 1,963 men em
ployed in 120 mines this was 259 more
men In eight less mines than reported
In 1921. There were four fatal acci
dents during the year.
Granville Ship# Much Poultry.
Up to November 30 the surprising
total of 30,260 pounds of dressed tur
keys had been shipped from Granville
by rail. This figure does not include
the live fowls sent from the commun
ity, nor the large quantity that went
by auto truck to Mlnot At the aver
age market price Of 40 cents per
pound, these dressed turkeys brought
ore than $12,000 into the Granville
It Is estimated that the
value of this year's poultry crop there
was around $100,000.
Analyze North Dakota Debt.
Thirteen middlewest and northwest
states have a tottl authorized indebted
ness of $876,685,115.12, 85 per cent of
which is represented by soldier bonus
and highway improvement expendi
tures. North Dakota, along' with
Nebraska, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ok
lahoma, has no bonus debt nor highway
debt, although in some of these' states
road work funds are obtained from the
general revenue fund. Illinois, Michi
gan, Missouri, Kansas, Minnesota, Wis
consin, Iowa, and Qhio have authorised
more th&n two hundred mllUoQ dol
lars for World War Veterans other
states, including our*, are paying
.bonuses from bcn4~ Mlea.' ®tesal-est«t«
bonds make up: the greater pkrt of
North' Dtfeota's ^Indebtedness. Hljnois
tops the list, with highway improve^
meh't as theblggestslngle ltfein.
Atk for 8afety Gates,
The Grafton city oonncQ has asked
the to! inrd'er.
the Great'Ndrtoem and Northern, Pa
dflc railroads to install safety gate* at
Fifth and Sixth ^ftreets.
Uttle Country Ths^itre lit iBOolc i
?The Little Country, Theatre" Is the
MOt ©f a book recently published by
the Maanillai) company lor A, G. Ar
rold olT the A. a In l£ll4 *tr. Arvold
ided the little theetre at the itate
Organize -Howemakei*" plub.
Women of Glenburn have organ«eo
a Homemakers dub and elected offi
Decorate With Christmas Trees.
Mlinot's business/streets: were
-okited with Christmas trees,
ev«y 27 feet, and illuminated.
Civics Book by N. D. Attorney.
"Government of North Dakota
the Nation," Is the title of a text book
on civics just published by Attornej
C. L. Young of Bismarck.
More Non-attendance Losses.
Absences of school pupils during ttt
school year cost Logan county $34,000,
according to the county superlntendep»
Langdon Fair In February.
The annual midwinter fair for Lang
don and Cavalier 'county wil be held
at Langdon the second or third week
Bible Taken from Church.
When members assembled at St
Matthew church, Beach, for the Wed
nesday evening meeting they discover
ed that someone had taken the pulpit
Prominent Pastor Resigns.
Dean Henry F. Kloman of Gethse
mane Episcopal Cdthedral, Fargo, well
known In church circles throughout
the state, has resigned to accept a
call to Salisbury, Maryland, in Janu
Indians to Get Pensions.
About a dozen Indians on Standing
Rock reservation who served as fed
eral scouts in the 90's, will be entitled
to the recently allowed pension of $20
per month, according to Superintendent
B. D. Mossman of Fort Yates.
200-Pound Friend Falls on Him.
Claud Movlus, an A. C. student, was
walking with his 200-pound friend,
Francis "Tubby" Hull, football guard
on the Bison team, when he lost his
balance. In falling, he upset Tubby,
who Janded on him, and now Movlus
Is laid Up with a broken leg.
U Shy on Dormitories.
Community Church Center Dedicated.
Bottineau recently dedicated a com
munity center building, equipped as a
part of the Presbyterian church of that
city. It provides for Indoor sports of
all kinds for summer and winter and
will be opened by the church to the
Only 295 of the 1,404 students at the
state university can be accommodated
In the dormitories on the campus, ac
cording to the registrar. Three hun
dred ninety-seven live In the Forks,
228' are lodged in fraternity and soror
ity houses, and the remainder live in
rooming houses. Residents of North
Dakota are In big majority, totaling
1,226, while Minnesota sent 133 of the
remaining 178, five of whom came from
Missionary Returns to Trouble Zone.
Treatment recently accorded mis
sionaries in China did not deter Mrs.
O. E. Distad from returning, with her
two young sons, to Hankow, China, to
resume her work as a Lutheran mis
sionary. After a year's leave, spent
largely at Mlnot, Ross, and Wllliston,
she sailed December 14.
Trail Meeting af Mlnot
To Equalize Rights of Parents.
A bill proposed by the North Dakota
Children's Code commission for action
at the coming legislative session pro
vides that the mother shall share
equally with the father in the custody,
services, and earnings of their chil
dren. The present law gives the father
first and superior control. Another pro
posal by this organization is a \bureau
for child research to be conducted In
connection with the state university,
to jAake investigations and examina
tions and to spread information as an
aid to tbe whole child welfare system
of the state.
Education Inexpensive Item at A.C.
From the point of view of financial
outlay, President John Lee Coulter
points out, actual educational work is
about tbe least costly activity carried
on at the state Agricultural college. A
recent analyzatlon of state expendi
tures showed this institution costing
ovA-$800,000 a year of this sum, how
ever, the college classes cost only
$162,000. The new agricultural hall,
built this last year, cost $150,000. State
regulatory work, extension work, and
experiment stations, ail of these de
partments which are strong in their
state-wide influence, went to make up
the balance of the $812,000 A. Ol item
in the state's last fiscal year.
Wheat Growers Form Bales Agency.
North'Dakota is among the 10 state*
which were represented at a recent
Minneapolis meeting where plans were
laid for the organization of a national
Wheat Growers Sales agency. George
EL Dui^ president, of the North Da
kota Wheat Growers association, Is a
member of the cdinmltte of three to
driaft a plan of operation, the other
two being an Oklahoma and a Minne
apolis man. This state recently has
ben -selling through the Minneapolis
Chamber^of Commerce^ v
"Dry Ctoodf Shipment Very. Wejt,
Several boxes of "dry goods? con-,
sighed to'A* Miller at New ,England
were confiscated by authoxitie* at,
Dickinson,- and found tox contain. 19
gallons of.high grade alcohol.
Dean Shfppenpe Book Praised.
"The Northern Pig from Birth to
Market" fy the title of an lnterestlni
and profoundly instru^the book by
H. Shjapperd of the talma]
husbandry department Of, the port*
Dakota A, C. which wM blgfclypraise*
fT if 1
Low Grade Beef Advance, Other
n. §. Bureau of llarlMts. Wajfljinjctoe, D. O,
-for wcik. «nd«d Diie. 18^ X922*
LIVESTOCK AND MEATS—Chica.
go hog prices ranged from 15 te 26c:
lower for the week. Beef steers were
from 25 to 60c lower butcher heifers
25 to 65c lower with butcher cows
from' ?5 lower to 35c higher. Feeders
ranged from16 to 25c lower and veal
calves from steady to 25c higher. Fat
lambs were 10 to 25c lower, feeders
steady to 25c higher and yearlings II
to 50c lower .On Dec. 18th hog«
closed dull beef steen and butcher
cows and heifers strong to l$c higher,
calves and stockers and feeders most
ly steady with fat lambs 25 to 35c
lower. December 18th Chicago prices:
hogs, top $8.85 bulk of sales $8 to
$8.25 medium and good beef steers
$7.50 to $1L50 butcher cows and
heifers $3.60 to $10.50 feeder steen
$5.35 to |7.75 light and medium
weight veal calves- $8.50 to $10 fat
lambs $13 to $15.40- feeding Iambi
$12.75 to $14,75 yearlings $0 to $13
fat ewes $4.75-$7.75. Stocker and
feeder shipments. from 12 important
markets during the week ending De
cember 8th were: Cattle and calveB
92,089 hogs 19,909 Bheep 66,798. In
eastern wholesale freBh meat markets
lower grade beef and good veal were
$1 higher than a week ago with other
grades steady. Better grades of lamb
and light pork cuts were $1 lower
with heavy loins from 50c higher to
$1 lower. All grades of mutton were
practically steady. On December 18th
beef was $1 higher at Boston at steady
at other markets. Veal and mutton
remained steady at all markets, with
lamb steady at Boston, weak at NeW
York and $1 higher at Phlla. Porf
loins were 50c to $1 higher at New
York and steady at other markets.
December 18th prices good grade
meats: Beef $15-$17 veal $15-$
lamb $23-$27 mutton $11-$17 ligh^i
pork loins $15-$17 heavy loins $12.50'
GRAIN—Grain pirces trended up
ward during the week and closed at
high points. Chicago May wheat up
5c, Chicago May corn up 4%c. Ad
rgace in foreign exchange, good ex
port bulsness, and imporyed milllni
inquiry were main market factors.
Wheat strong on the 18th selling at
aew high price on crop, all deliveries.
Visible stipply wheat 34,843,000 bu
shels compared with 48,070,000 bushels
Bame date last year. Corn active and
higher. Visible supply corn 13,111,004
bushels compared with 18,258,000 bu.
Bame date last year. Closing prices in
Chicago cash market: No. 2 Red win
ter wheat $1.39 No. 2 hard winter
wheat $1.29 No. 2 mixed corn 77c
No. 2 yellow corn 77c. No. S white
oats 46c. Average farm prices: No.
2 mixed corn in central Iowa 64c No.
2 hard winter wheat in central Kansas
$1.07. Closing future prices: Chi
cago May wheat $1.25% Chicago May
corn 75%c Minneapolis May wheat
$1.23% Kansas City May wheat
$1.15% Winnipeg May wheat $1.14%.
DAIRY PRODUCTS—Butter mar
kets steady to firm since declines at
Chicago have placed markets in more
normal relation to each other. Con
sumptive demand good at prevailing
prices. Fresh and storage butter mov
ing freely. More foreign butter has
arlrved further shipments, expected.
Closing prices, 92 score butter: New
York 54%c Chicago 53c. Cheese mar
kets firm but trading slow, reflecting
usual seasonal dullness. Dealers feel
confident and are not pushing sales
except at asking prices. Cheese
prices at Wisconsin pirmary market*
December 16th: Twins 26%c Dalsie*
27%c Double Daisies 27c Longhorn»
and Square prints 27 %c.
Minneapolis Closing Cash Prices.
No. l^iark northern, 1.2791.84 No.
1 northern, 1.25®
1.32 No. 1 dark hard,
[email protected] No. 1 hard, [email protected] No.
1 amber durum, 1.12®
1.16 No. 1
durum, 1.01® 1.06. Corn No. 2 yellow*
69c. Oats No. 2 white,"[email protected] Bar
ley, choice to fancy, 62c®65e.
No. 2, 84c. Flaxseed No. 2, 2.72.
8o. 8t. Paul Livestock.:
So. St. Paul—Steers, $5.OO®$9.0O
cows and heifers, $3.2B®$6.50 veal
calves, $2^75® $8.00 hogs, $7.00®
$8.10 sheep and lambs, $11.50®$14.00.
BUTTER—Creameries, extras,, file
firsts, 48c seconds, 48c storage fx
tras, 45c packing stock fresh,, sweet*
26c stale goods, 6c grease, 10.
EGGS—Country receipts, rota out*
per crate, $14.10 No. candled, god£
cases, free from rots, small dirties and
checks out, per dosen, 50e fancy stor
age eggs, dozen 32e secondi,. small*
dirty and held stock, rot* apd leakens
out, per doien, 22c cbeclcs,\ rbta and
leakers out, per doz. 240.
tm eggs include oases.
Train«Janltore .for tplM.'
Rlga-^-'The:: :Cheka Uaa /opened
school in Petrograd to tr^: #snitoni
in apartments to do spying iTheri ar*:
about 17,000 under tnUning,
Barbers TUks Cggs for Work.
BerlMi—The bMfceri of
in 8outh Germiiny, i^Te: ISB!|M.t^'heir\
price table in whlcK'
items occur: 8banr*—
Sharp CI eAjk ty
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