Newspaper Page Text
Weekly War News
the Bureau of Only 8.18 Per Cent of Men Called Fail to Appear. ■ Of the 3,082,949 persons called under the selective service act, 252,294, or 8.18 per cent, failed to appear for ex amination, according to a statement issued by the Provost Marshal Gen- I eral. This number, however, included | men who had previously enlisted or been commissioned and had failed to notify their boards, some who had died and many who were transferred to other boards but by mistake had been carried on the books of their local boards—estimated at 100,000. Many of the remaining 150,000 were aliens, a number of whom left '.he country to enlist In their own armies. The statement estimates the num ber of real slackers at not more than 50,000 or an average of less than 10 for each board. j I An investigation for the purpose of Improving methods for prevention and control of communicable diseases, es pecially near army camps, is being • made by the United States public health service. The work will relate largely to the standardization and the preparation of serums. Public Health Service Studies Means to Check Disease Near Army Campa. Russian Developments Worry Editor of German Newspaper. Translations of editorial In the German press, made public by the committee on public Information, include the following from the Berliner comment Tageblatt: "The terms of the ultimatum to Rus- . sia will please even the most unrelent ing advocates of violence. It would j be interesting to hear Hertling, who accepted Wilson's that people are not to be bartered about from sovereign to sovereign, to second principle explain Just what differences exist between the political methods of the past and those of today. It may be conceded that today the German reichstag is informed of coming changes, but not until the matter has been settled without It. We all hope this policy will bring peace and pros perity, but we can not conceal our anxiety at the birth of these new states." Vast Amount of Food Goes to Allied Countries From United States. Statistics compiled by the food ad ministration show that the grand to tal of all food exported to the four al lies—the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Russia—from July 1, 1914, to January 1, 1918, would furnish com plete yearly rations for 57,100,933 adult I a surplus of protein | I persons, with capable of supplying this portion of j the diet for 22,194,570 additional men. t Since the beginning of the war the United States has averaged to sup ply the allies with food enough each year to support 16,314,552 persons, amd with an excess of both protein and fats sufficient for several millions more. The total exports of wheat and wheat flour to the three principal al lies, Russia getting but a very small per cent of the whole, were equivalent to about 384,000,000 bushels, or an av erage of about 110,000,000 bushels a year. Of this total amount the Unit ed Kingdom got 145,348,000 bushels of wheat and 8,512,000 barrels of wheat flour; France got 79,798,000 bushels of wheat and 5,462,000 barrels of wheat flour; Italy 87,136,000 bushels of wheat and 1,895,000 barrels of wheat flour. Russia received only 130,000 bushels of 25,000 barrels of wheat wheat and flour. The total exports of pork products nearly 2,000,000,000 pounds, a were yearly average of about 570,000,000 pounds. The total sugar exports were 2,269,000,000 pounds, a yearly av Of corn over erage there was exported 23,332,000 bushels; oats, 207,981,000; rye, 3,407,000. of about 648,000,000. Report Shows Increase in Wages Paid to Iron and Steel Workers. A report to the department of labor covering the six departments of the iron and steel industry shows that, while not so pronounced as the rise in prices, wages Increased since May, 1915, as follows: In blast furnaces, 52 per cent; in Bessemer converters, per cent; In open hearth furnaces, 36 per cent; In blooming mills, 35 per cent; In plate mills, 50 per cent; In sheet mills, 95 per cent. In nearly every case the bureau found men working approximately the same num ber of hours per week as in 1915. Since this report was compiled there have been additional increases of approximately 16 per cent. 58 No Need for Agents in iplacing Claims for War Risk Insurance. Soldiers, sailors or their beneficiar ies under the soldiers and sailors' in surance law need not employ attor neys or claim agents to collect the In surance, according to the treasury de partment. Circulars have lately been sent out by claim agents and attorneys offering to assist persons entitled to the benefits of this insurance in col The procedure for the presentation lectlng their claims. as Summarized by Public Information and collection of insurance claims is simple. Blanks may be secured from the bureau of war risk Insurance at Washington. The name of the person In service who was killed or Injured, and the relationship which he boer to the person making the claim, should War Trade Board Finds German Submarines Directed at Neutrals, en. Germany's war leaders are using the submarine to prevent fulfillment of America's agreements to feed and re lieve European neutrals, according to statement by the war trade board. says: ''A mass of cumulative evidence and indications In the possession of the war trade board shows that Germany employing the submarine menace to prevent neighbor neutrals receiving any food or favors at the hands of the United States and its associates in the war, and to coerce these neutrals economic dependence upon Germany, quite as much as to strike at the com munieations of its opponents Ger many's ostensible aim in preclaiming the ruthless submarine campaign. "Further indications tend to show that the submarines are being used along similar dog-lh-the-manger lines, destroy neutral shipping without regard to its employment." Increase of Meat Animals in Year Over 6,000,000 Reports based on figures from the department of agriculture show that January 1, 1918, the number of ".'ea'. animals in the United States was greater by more than 6,000,000 head The than it was January 1, 1917. number of inspections for slaughter indicate a decrease in consumption, uary 1, 1918, was 66,830,000, an in crease of 1,247,000 head over the same The summary shows the total num ber of cattle In the United States Jan day the year before. Hogs increased 3,781,000 head, or 5.7 per cent. The increase In sheep was 1,284,000 head or 2.7 per cent. - Post Office Department Gives Form of Address for Oversea Mail, Persons who send mail to members the expeditionary forces are partic ularly requested, In a statement issued by the postofflee department, to use ink only in writing the addresses. Every piece of mall matter should also bear the name and address of the sender. Heavy paper, canvas or cloth should be used for wrapping packages. When canvas or cloth is used the address sen( j er on the reverse side, should be written on a shipping tag, with the name ond address of the Given names should be written in full> lnstead 0 f initials, j, e addreasee and the full name of the The title of unit or organization to which he is as signed should be added, it being suf ficient in the way of further address to use the words "American Expedi tionary Forces." PLATINUM FROM RUSSIA HOW PRECIOUS METAL WAS TRANSFERRED ACROSS SI BERIA TO UNCLE SAM. (By F. W. Draper, published by the Mining and Metallurgical Society in Bulletin No. 116). During the time just before the United States entered this war, when •we who were abroad had got rather tired of making excuses as to why America didn't go In, we felt so sure that she would that Lieutenant Stines, a fellow mining engineer In Rus sia, determined that he was going to collect as much platinum as he could, because he was certain that It was go ing to be required In America one of these days. He also knew—as we all knew—that German agents were ob taining much platinum from Russia, and were putting it to a use to which we were conscientious objectors. Lieu tenant Stines happed to be connected with large banking interests in Petro grad which were able to finance this undertaking, and they said: "Well, go ahead and collect all the platinum you can." A good deal of platinum had to he collected in small lots, as well as In competition with the German agents, and there was more or less difficulty and some danger attached to that, but an amount was collected and deposit ed In Petrograd, worth about $2,100, 000. To give you some Idea of the amount that I had chained to my wrist, let me say that when It was boxed and ready for shipment it weighed 1965 pounds. Well, when we had this platinum In Petrograd, the question came up of getting It over here. Stines approached the American Ex press company, which • had recently appointed an agent in Russia, and suggested that it undertake to deliver i this platinum In America. That was [a little more than the agent wanted to undertake on his own responsibility, so he telegraphed to New York anJ Lieutenant got the reply that under no clrcum stances would it he touched at all. As I happened to he connected as con suiting engineer to some of the peo pie interested, when I drifted into Petrograd in a peaceful frame of mind they informed me that 1 was going to' take it out. I won't repeat exactly what 1 said at first, but in the end said: I added: "You will have to do exact ly as 1 want and make exactly the ar rangements that 1 desire," because 1 knew that Russia was full of Oerman agents who would not hesitate as to any means in accomplishing their ends. "Well, 1 suppose I am, then," but j Danger From Bandits. That was one factor. The second factor was that, where the Trans-Si berian railroad passes through Man churia. there were certain tribes of Manchurian bandits which, if they had known that this material was coming through, wouldn't have hesitated to hold up the train, or to hold up all trains that came through, until they found the right one; and us at the time there was no policy security any where, and no authority, these bandits would have been quite fearless. 1 didn't, however, worry much about that, because 1 was sure that any tele grams which might be sent from Pe trograd regarding my departure would get to their destination long after my train had passed; telegrams in Rus sia usually went by mail, and the mall trains are slower than the Siberian express. But anyway, I said: "Put the platinum in boxes that are so big that one man couldn't pick up and run away with a box." It was In nine boxes, each weighing on an average, 215 pounds. At first 1 said I wanted a private car on the Siberian express so that no one could get in at all, and then after thinking about it, I said: "No, that would draw attention to myself. I don't want to draw attention at all; I want to go along as if I didn't have anything of special value." So the embassy was asked to get three ad joining compartments on the Siberian express, which it did. The shipment of the platinum had been arranged through the department of commerce, and it was understood before I left that It would be placed at the disposal of the U. S. government either In part or all of it, as the gov ernment might elect. Consequently, it was sealed in Petrograd with the embassy seals on the outside of the boxes, and I was provided with a courier's letter and some envelopes for delivery In Tokio. That was ne cessary in order to avoid the Inquisit ive custom officials who might want to know what was In the boxes and might take samples of the platinum; and if they had taken samples it is doubtful what would have been left after they had got through. Having the boxes sealed by the embassy, and with the courier's letter, I was pretty sure that I could bluff them out. Passed as "Embassy Stuff." The train leaves Petrograd at 8:Q0 o'clock in the evening, and at about half past 6:00 we loaded the boxes on a dray at the bank and went down through the Nevsky with them, -with the bank's porters to carry them on board the train. When we got down to the station, which was more or less congested, because there were big crowds on the platform due to the fact that a train carrying all classes of passengers leaves on the adjoining track for Archangel, there were sol diers, peasants and every other class. We got the platinum on a truck and carried it down the platform, but the porter of the car at once said: "You can't take It in there." I replied: "We have got to take this; it is embassy stuff." He repeated that I couldn't have It in the car; but after six years' experience I knew more or less what to do—it is only a question of how much, that is all. I decided how much he needed, and fortunately my guess was' right. Anyway, there was no more difficulty about putting it in the car. It had been arranged that the cashier of the bank should go along with me, and we two decided that we wouldn't overdo our precautions and that we wouldn't even keep the com partment doors closed all the time, though of course we didn't both go away al the same time. One of us went to the restaurant car first and the other went when the first had fin ished. Well, we left Petrograd all right and everything was peaceful until we got to Vologda, which is a station about 15 hours from Petrograd. There trou ble with the returning soldiers began. You see, the Russian idea of freedom, especially the soldier's, Is that any ac commodations that anybody else has got he Is quite free to take. We were unfortunate when we came into Vo logda in that there was a troop train of demobilized soldiers, a great many of whom were going to Siberia. They decided that the express would be much better and very much more com fortable to travel on than the freight cars which they were using, and so they were going to take It and pack everybody out. Well, there was a long argument about It, and I think that the station master didn't know for a few minutes whether he was going to have a funeral next day or what. Fin ally, all but about 50 of them were pacified and got out of the way; these, about 25 or 30 climbed on to the roofs of the cars and the rest of them got on the platforms and in the corridors. But they were more or less peaceful and, a little way down the line, most of them got off. Then, as we went along further we passed troop trains two or three times. Special trains are allotted to the soldiers, and as even then there were so many dif ficulties due to their crowding on to the passenger trains, the schedule was arranged in this way: Special trAlns for soldiers were run ahead of the reg of ular passenger trains and the passon ger trains never attempted to pass the the soldiers pile on to the troop trains, because would all get oft and passenger train if this were done. Trouble at Manchurian Border, Our express caught up to a troop train twice, and the soldiers stopped us, as they were short of engines. would never do for*the bourgeoisie to go ahead of soldiers, they argued, and so they would have to take our engine and go ahead. I didn't care anything about that if they would only stay out of our train so that we could remain. It There was food in the dining car and we didn't care particularly ubout a lit tie lost time. Such little difficulties aside, we didn't encounter any trouble until we got to the frontier at Manchuria. There the customs men were very in sistent, and said that they would have to see what was in the boxes. 1 show ed them my letter with the seals on It, which was written both In English and in Russian and' succeeded in bluffing them off. One of them stated that his superior officer would demand from him a report, and 1 said I had embas sy documents and that if lie would ap ply to the embassy in Petrograd very likely they would tell him what the documents were. Going across the rest of the way to Vladivostok, 1 didn't find any difficulty. Now that it is all over, I don't see why 1 worried about It. My instructions were that when 1 reached Vladivostok I would find ship ping directions. When I reached Vladivostok I didn't find anything, but deposited all the platinum in the bank and then began to wonder what should do. Then, however, I £ot a telegram from Petrograd saying that evidently the telegram to the New York representatives hadn't been per mitted to pass the censor and that I must repeat it. So, I had to leave, the platinum in Vladivostok and go to Japan to telegraph to New York for Instructions. It took 11 days to get reply from New York to Yokohama. This, of course, was due only to war conditions and because the cables were overcrowded with work. How ever, I finally got an answer, and my troubles began just when 1 thought they were all over. Cause of Steamer Delay. I had figured it all out that I could go back to Vladivostok, get the plat inum and take it over by a certain steamer, reaching Yokohama at a.cer tain date, and from there ship It by express. I got it all fixed up and started for Vladivostok. When I got to Tsuruga, the Japanese steamer of the Russian volunteer fleet was one day late in coming In. It seems that it had had a characteristic occurrence. One of the firemen had insulted a pas senger on the steamer and the third officer, hearing It, had reprimanded him, a thing which in these days of freedom is forbidden. The fireman promptly informed the officer of his opinion of him, and then it reached the captain and ended in more or less of a row. When the captain got hack to Vladivostok he refused to take his steamer out unless this fireman was discharged. Well, the fireman put the case up to the workmen's council and after debating the matter, the steamer meanwhile lying at the dock, the workmen's council decided the fireman was to blame, and that he shouldn't have insulted the passenger, but that the officers were also to blame, in that they shouldn't have called this fellow down. Then, in order that there shouldn't be such an occurrence again, the council de cided that it would appoint a commit tee to sail on the ship in order to keep the peace between the captain and the crew. Well, of course, the captain naturally said that he was either run ning the ship or he wasn't running the ship, and he wouldn't put to sea in that way. boat, and when finally we got to Vlad ivostok we were about a day and a half late. that All this had delayed the More Delays. Well, I had three days to spare, and I thought things were still all right. The boat should have sailed again on Saturday night, but owing to the de lay had not had time to load before Sunday noon, and therefore we made arrangements with the bank to get the platinum out on Sunday, which re quired the presence of the bank em ployes on a holiday. In these days of freedom they don't like to work. They never did, but they like It less now They finally agreed to be on hand and we got the platinum down to the boat, which was to sail at 5:00 o'clock. The whistle was blown once and so I felt that it was now all right, and I could say goodbye to Russia. I waited, and when the second whistle didn't come, I began to get uneasy because I had the platinum In my stateroom with me; and when more time passed and still the steamer didn't leave, I made Inquiries of the captain. "Well," he said, "the repairs aren't finished yet." It seems that the steamer had two feed pumps In the boiler room, but that one had been out of commission for three months and that the tovar ishl, which Is the Russian for work men and corresponds with the word citizen as used In the French revolu tion, hadn't been able, or more likely willing, to repair It, and now the other one had broken down and wouldn't take In water. However, the captain said: "We are going at 8:00 o'clock," and so I waited till 8:00 o'clock, be coming more and more uneasy because a great many people In Vladivostok knew that this platinum had arrived or was about to arrive. The telegrams to the consul with instructions to help us had leaked out from the telegraph office. When 8:00 o'clock came and we did not leave, It was said: "We are going at 10;" 10:00 o'clock came, and still no sign of departure. So I looked * THEUNITEDSTORESCO. ♦ GROCERIES ' 8 m WALLACE MULL AN BURKE PECIAL AITENTION is given to Miners' and Prospectors' pa tronage. s We Know We Can Save You Money—Give Us a Trial the captain, and, not finding him, lo- j eated the first officer, who said: "We are going at 11:00 o'clock." At 11:00 o'clock we didn't go. 1 was getting [ pretty nervous and pretty tired. 1 finally said to the first offieer: "Well, j what are you going to do?" He said: haven't finished the repairs yet. I think, though, we will go about 12:00 o'clock." 1 then made up my mind that 1 was in for It and might as well lie down anyway; so I locked up the port holes and the cabin door and went to sleep, and my worries apparently didn't affect me too much because I slept until 8:00 o'clock In the morning. When 1 awoke we were still tied to the dock, so I approached the captain again. "Well," he said, "the chief engineer will he up in a minute and he will tell us what we are going to do," and when the chief came up I said to him; "Well, what are you going to do now?" lie answered: "The repairs are all made now, and we will go out in a few min utes." We started out about half an hour * don t know, they afterwnrd, but when we got down the hay about 20 miles I guess and were having lunch, 1 felt the boat stop. The captain got up from the table, went out and was gone perhaps live min tttes, and came back but didn't say anything. A few minutes later 1 hap pened to look out through a port hole | and saw the land swinging around and j said: "What .are we going to do now?" He replied: "We are going hack, the feed pump don't work;" and we got back Monday night at 6:00 o'clock. what are we going to do?" He said: "The manager will be here at 9:00 o'clock tomorrow morning. 1 guess he will tell us what the plans are." That Is typically Russian. There was noth ing therefore to do hut to stay anoth er night on board with the platinum. The next morning at 9:00 o'clock I hunted up the manager, who Htated that: "We have lost s now we might just as well wait and sail on schedule time, on Saturday." That is also typical. Thus there was nothing to do but to employ Chinese carts and Chinese drivers, to again parade the streets of Vladivostok to the bank, and wait until the next Sat urday. I said to the captain: "Now, much time Reach Japan. Next Saturday we did a little bet ter and got away all right, and as soon as we were over in Japan I didn't have I had made ar to worry any more. HOWES & KING GROCERS * 3 The Store That Has Stood the TEST OF TIME. Established in 1886. Fresh Stock Full Weight Prompt Delivery Fresh Fruit and Vegetables in Season. 606 Bank St. Phones: N. I. 1992, Bell 194 Red. pm Wien yon buy ••• Sunset Bud Your money stays at home The product is second to none rangements for a special car on the Japanese railways, in which to put the platinum. As usual, the Japanese re porters were on hand and wanted to know what the special car was for. Hut 1 was very non-committal, and as didn't want to tell them anything they looked upon me as a very suspi clous character. When I arrived in Yokohama and h^d delivered the plat inum to the American Express com pany, the police began to investigate me and I discovered that there had been a detective watching my family for the last week. The Japanese are most efficient and they published a nice little piece In the paper about me. reads as follows: "A suspicious looking American, who poses as a Roston merchant, arrived at Tsuruga from Vladivostok on the morning of the 19th and came to Yo kohama the next day. He is now reg istered at a hotel at Yamashita-cho. is said In this connection that he has been staying In Russia since the out break of the war, at which time he went there from America on some im portant unknown business. The police >f Yokohama failed to draw any in formation from the stranger, and are now keeping a watch on his move ments. The American Is expected to 'sail on the 'Empress of China' short - ,ly." That is about all there is to It. While the platinum was in Japan it was in the hands of the American Express company, and It was quite a simple matter for me to come the rest of the |way. But those little experiences in now being expended by the nation for the war. Russia are so typically Russian they will do to bear in mind, especially tills Idea: "We will sail next Satur day; what's the use of hurrying?" —hapO ymx shrd lushrd shr shrdlu $3,000,000 a Day. Sales of war savings stamps have run as high as $3,000,000 a day. amount provides the treasury about one-tenth of the entire amount This with While $3,000,000 is only 3 cents a day for every man, woman and child in the country, the entire cost of the war is but 30 cents per capita day. Rill? Oiler—What's the matter, Switchman—Aw' matter enough. Here I was plannin' to be president of the road, an' now the gov'ment's took 'em over, an' there ain't goin' to be no more presidents.