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The Wallace Miner
Entered at the Postofflce in Wallace, Idaho, as second class Mail Matter. Published Every Thursday by WALLACE PRINTING COMPANY Elks Temple Building SOS Bank Street Wallace. Idaho Editor A. J. DUNN Subscription price, per annum... .11.00 Foreign, Canada and all countries In Postal Union, per annum. 1.50 Thursday, November 21, 1918. LEAGUE OF NATIONS TO MAIN TAIN PEACE. We heard much of a league of na tions to maintain the peace of the world before tin* world was set on fire by the war that luis Just ended, and we ulso heard much of the beau tiful dream of peace so poetically pic tured by one, William Jennings Bry an, long lost to view in the cataclysm of blood that has drenched the world. And now while we are still technically at war and before direct considera tion has been given to the terms of peace, the president seems to be in clined to give more attention to the creation of a league of nations to en force peace than he is to the multi tude of questions that must be con sidered and solved before any such league Is possible. When a burglar has been captured it is the part of wisdom to put him In jail before en tering upon any long drawn discussion regarding protection against future depredations, and certainly the culprit should not participate In the discus sion nor be a party to the enforce ment of the agreement finally reach ed. The danger question Into the peace deliberations is pointed out by Colonel Roosevelt in the Kansas City Star, who says: injecting of this "That such discussion may be not only futile, but mischievous, has been vividly shown in the last six weeks. During the lir$rt week of October President Wilson and Germany agreed on the famous 11 points of Mr. Wilson ns a basis for peace, but this amounted to nothing except for a moment It gave Ger many the hope that she could es cape disaster by peace. our people caused this hope vanish, and just live weeks later peace came, not on Mr. Wilson's 14 points, but on General Foch's twenty-odd points, which had all the directness, ness and which the 14 lacked." Colonel Roosevelt is far from agreement*' whatever negotiated The emphatic protest of a to straightforward clearness strikingly unequl vocal points de claiming against a peace league of nations, but he would be very guard ed about the company with which we tie up and would limited in its scope. make the league On this point he says: "Of course, fundamentally war and peace are matters of the heart rather than of organisation, and any declaration or peace lea gue Which represents the high flown sentimentality and doctrinaires of pacifists will be worse than useless; but if, without in the smallest degree sacrificing our belief in a sound and intense national aim, we all join with the people of England, France and Italy, and with the people in the smaller states who show themselves able to equally clear of bolshevism and of kalserlsm, we may be able to make a real and much-needed ad vance In the international organi zation. in practice steer "Probably the first essential would be to limit ttie league at the outset to the allies, to the people with whom we have been operating and with whom we are certain we can cooperate In the future. Neither Turkey nor Aus tria need now be considered as regards such a league, and we should clearly < understand that bolshevist Russia Is and that bol shevist Germany would be as un desirable in such a league as the Germany and Russia of the Ho henzollerns and Romanoffs. Bol shevism is just as much an inter national menace as kaiserlsm. Until Germany and Russia have proved by a course of conduct ex tending- over years that they are capable of entering such a league in good faith, so that we c-an count upon their fulfilling their duties in it, 1t would be merely foolish to take them In. The league, there fore, would have to be based on the combination among the al lies of the present war, together with any peoples like the Czecho slovaks, who have shown that they are fully entitled to enter in to such a league If they desire to do so. "Each nation should absolutely reserve to Itself Its right to estab lish Its own tariff and general eco nomic policy, and absolutely ought to control such vital questions as Immigration and citizenship and the form of government It pre fer*." The colonel does not contemplate of his disarmament as a corollary plan for world peace. On the con trary he says that the United States should •maintain a navy second only to that of Oreat Britain, and that a system of compulsory military train ing (Should be Immediately devised and placed in operation. This should consist of at least nine months In tensive training for every young man during some year between the ages of 19 and 23. Such an international agreement as the colonel outlines we What Colonel Roosevelt could keep, thinks of the league of peace lingo now emanating from the White House Is illy camouflaged In his dosing par a gra ph; "More essential than anything else Is it for us to remember that in matters of this kind an ounce of practical performance is worth a ton of windy rhetorical prom ises." HOW THE REPUBLICAN VICTORY WAS WON. Will H.. Hays, chairman of the re publican national committee, has had the goodness to credit the republican press of tlie country with winning the splendid victory of November 5. He says without the trenchant editorial support It gave to republican princi ples, and the candidates who espous ed these principles, and the generous treatment It accorded news matter re lating to these principles, the results of election day could not have been obtained. This voluntary commenda tion from the head of the national or ganization is of course most gratify ing to republican newspaper men, but they will nevertheless take friendly issue with Mr. Hays upon the accur acy of ills statement. That the re publican press rendered most essen tial service and is entitled to much credit for republican success Is true, but without the splendid, inspiring and aggressive leadership of Mr. Hays the light would have been lost. From the day he was placed at the head of the national committee his tine abil ity as an organiser was In evidence. His first task was to bring all ele ments of the party together to make common cause without regard to past differences. This accomplished he visited all sections of the country, get ting In touch with state leaders and local conditions, but above ull else ap pealing to republicans to make win ning the war their first and supreme purpose. "Support the war" was his watchword, and at no time during' the campaign did he vary from that course. Although practically un known outside the state of Indiana, the rank and tile of the republican party soon recognized In him a real leader, and they rallied to his support as they have not done before in many years. In acknowledging with due ap preciation the praise accorded them by Mr. Hays, republican newspaper men will insist upon at least dividing the honors with their brilliant leader. AMERICANS NOT DECEIVED BY CRY OF "KAMERAD." Americans are a generous and sym pathetic people, so much so that they are often misled into bestowing unde served charity. Hut they are not go ing to be deceived by the hunger ap peal that Is now coming from Ger many. Not that they will refuse to feed a starving Hun, but they must llrst be shown that the Hun is starv ing. The cry for food, following so closely the acceptance of the armis tice, partakes too much of the cring ing, hypocritical cry of "kamerad," so familiar to our boys In the trenches, many of whom now sleep in France because they showed mercy to the foe only to fall victims to his treachery. No doubt there is a shortage of food in Germany: so there is in France, and Belgium, and Servia, and Poland, and in other lands whose people have been crushed by* the cruel and merci less heel of the German invaders. Our first duty is to these unfortunate peo ple and Americans will gladly depri themselves of food in order to feed them. Germany could provide food for her army and civilians as long as there was hope of victory; is it not singular that the food supply failed coincident with the defeat? Let Ger many wait until Mr. Hoover has time to look over the situation. He is an expert on the food question, and up on sailing for Europe he significantly stated that he was more Interested in relieving the distress of our allies than he was in the condition of Ger many. If he finds that relief Is need ed the American people will provide it on the broad principle that no hu man being should be permitted to starve. But If they have the means to appease their own hunger, though the allowance be meager, it ie only Ju*t that they should depend up on their .own resources. Their con dition 1* no worse, probably not as bad, as that which they ruthlessly imposed upon the people of other na tions, and which they would not have hesitated to impose upon tis and all other nations if their world conquest had been successful, wait. There are others more deserv ing of our generosity. even Let the Hun WILSON SUPPLANTS KAISER IN DIVINE PARTNERSHIP. We have read many extravagant tributes to President Wilson in demo cratic newspapers, but this from the Anaconda Standard is an example of silly sycophancy without a rival and must forever stand in a class by it self: "A thousand years from now, of men living today but three names will be known to the masses of •the earth's inhabitants. That of Emperor William will remain an everlasting Infamy, towering far above that of his prototype* At tila. That of Woodrow Wilson will go down to posterity side by ' side with Foch's. If ever a man was specifically raised up by Providence for a purpose- as mo mentous as It was sacred, it was Wilson. If ever destiny Interven ed In the affairs of mortals, It In tervened when this man was elect ed to the presidency of the Unit ed States. His was the brain to conceive, the power to execute, the will to do, the soul to dare. And his name and his sen-ices will be held in gracious and grateful memory to the end of time." Let us no longer scoff at the kaiser's pretentious partnership with God while intelligent American editors make such stuff at this the theme for serious editorial leaders. Was it God moving "in a mysterious way, His wonders to perform," who inspired "he kept us out of war" two years ago? That there Is such a thing as being "too proud to fight?" That there "must be a peace without victory?" And finally, that there must be a democratic congress in order to win the war? THE WAR WAS WON WITHOUT EQUAL SUFFRAGE. President Wilson ''said of the equal suffrage amendment, "I tell you plain ly that this measure which I urge up on you is vital to the winning qf the war and to the energies alike of pre paration and of battle." The war has been won and equal suffrage has not been adopted. Not from any viewpoint, therefore, can anyone defend the statement of the president that the equal suffrage amendment was vital to the winning of the war. His argument was mere ly one more illustration of the work ing of the pedagogic mind. Accustom tomed for years to speak to youths in the school room, and to have his dic tum accepted without question, he formed the habit of speaking without deliberation and without analyzing his own line of reasoning. In fact, he speaks often without reasoning. Such is the only explanation that can given for his statement that America was too proud to fight, that we had no conocern with the causes of the war, and that we must have peace without victory. There is abundance of good in support of equal suffrage. Women have as high a standard of intelli gence as men, as loyal a patriotism and a far higher standard of morals. That being true, it is unnecessary appeal to any other principle than that fundamental of popular govern ment—government of the people, the people, by the people. That Is ihe substance of sound argument equal suffrage, and the attempt to place It on the basis of war necessity had no other effect than to east doubt upon future utterances of the president. be reason to for for a ports and gave us a larger market for our g° 0 d*. we have left tihe free trade tariff law on the statute books. Be caUf,e the war afforded our industries the greatest protection and aid in their history, we have been content to leave the gates of our markets wide open. We acknowledge that with the war over we shall be con DEMOCRATS DELAY PREPARA TION FOR PEACE. So far as economic preparedness is concerned, we are now almost exact ly where we were at the outbreak of the war. Because the war cut off Im fronted with a problem of surplus la bor, but we have taken no steps to prevent the flooding of our markets with the products of the labor of Eur ope and Asia. We learn from fre quent news report* that Great Brit ain ha* been giving dose and con to the after-war tinuous attention economic problem* relating to devel of home industry and re opment sumption of export trade We that Japan has been Increasing ob serve her manufacturing output and secur trade in the Ing a larger hold upon United States and other lands. have been doing practically noth ing to make substantial preparation for the keen commercial competition But we that awaits us as surely as a peace treaty shall be signed. Shall we continue in a state of leth argy only to be awakened a few months hence with an excitedly an nounced discovery that "the world is fire" with trade competition? Shall on we be as dilatory in preparing for in preparing for peace as we were war? It Is a fairly safe guess that for a while officialdom at the national capi tal will not be so self-assertive. This thing of directing the activities of the people in every little detail, and giv ing peremptory orders in matters of small consequence, with belated dis coveries that mistakes had been made became intolerable. The people re sented it at the polls and they will re sent it again when they get a chance in 1920. Autocracy in America has not been entirely overthrown but It is toppling to its fall. Every alien in this country should be given a reasonable time to become a citizen. Failure to do so should be taken as conclusive evidence that he is not in sympathy with our govern ment and is here for no good purpose. There is no room here for the foreign er who refuses to learn our language and become' Americanized In thought and act. If our government falls to take this position, then one of the most important lessons of the war has been lost. Ray MoKaig, the nonpartisan league agitator, demands $50,000 from Gov ernor Gooding and two Boise papers to repair the damage to his character Inflicted during the campaign, view of the great benefit derived by the state through the alleged damage, it would appear that Governor Good ing should be commended for posure of McKaig rather than be tax ed to enable him to continue his so cialistic propaganda. In ex There were a lot of voters, who, on account of the power of bureaucracy, did not dare to say on the streets what they thought of the democratic ad ministration, but they said it In the secrecy of the voting booth, speech may be curtailed and a free press cowed, but as long as the bal lots are honestly counted a republic Is safe under the system of secret vot ing. Free Jim Ham decided many months ago not to be a candidate for renomina tion and reelection, but at the psycho logical moment the president wrote him a letter telling him what a loss it would be to the nation if he left the senate. Lewis reversed his decision, announcing that he had been "draft ed" by the president. The people of Illinois exempted him from the draft, and the nation still lives. With a republican governor and both branches of the legislature In control of republicans, the farmers of Idaho will find that their demands for legislative relief will receive attention and such laws passed as appear prac tical, sane and necessary. But the farmers will not be a favored class. Every other element of our popula tion will receive the same fair si-deratlon. con Those foreign-born citizens who would rather forfeit their citizenship than fight for the country of their adoption should be taken at their word. They should at once be depriv ed of their rights in this country, their property turned over to the state and the cowardly ingrates should be de ported to the land from which they £ame. The democratic party has been buked at the polls but It will not verse its socialistic tendencies as long as It has an opportunity to strength en its power over industry. The pie must tell their public what they think of government ershlp. re re peo servants own George Creel announces that dis continuance of the work of the mittee on public Information has be gun gradually. As a political adjunct the democratic party the commit tee evidently has ceased to be of value. com The Sunken Submarine (Harold Willard Oleason) Like some vast prehistoric reptile vile, Black, slimy-sleek, beneath the sea it lies. Motionless, silent, snout sunk deep io mud; And seems to plot some monstrous villainy. About the mass small brilliant fishes flash, and .gold and opalescent Scarlet streaks Against the lifeless monster's sullen blot; And feathery water plants of tender green With graceful undulations sweep and away, Adding fresh charms to ocean's para dise. Two ground glass ports, like glaring goggle eyes Unblinking, at these beauties seem to stare; While over the slippery bulk a slen der tube, Long, slim, and wish a swollen upper end, Seems like the feeler of an octopus,' A cunning snare, which, tempting, lures *o death. * • * • • Who knows before all life became ex tinct In that foul form, what evil deeds It wrought? How many women, through its baleful sting, Sank through the heartless WJhat noble men, Unarmed and unsuspecting, met their waves? fate, Their gallant vessels, splintered by the barb Of some great lurking wickedness like this, Which, now forgotten, shares its vic tims' doom? THE RETURN. (John Burrough) He sought the old scenes with eager feet— The scenes he had known as a boy; "Oh, for a draught of those fountains sweet, And a taste of that vanished joy." He roamed the fields, he mused by the streams, He threaded the paths and lanes; On the hills he sought his youthful dreams, In the woods to forget hi^ pains. Oh, sad, sad hills; hearth. In sorrow he learned thy truth— One may go back to the place of his birth— He can not go back to his youth. oh, cold, cold The various departments and bu reaus at Washington demanded and received immense appropriations to meet "war emergencies." Will they be just as prompt and as earnest in recommending that the appropriations be cut oft when the "emergency" has ceased to exist? DEMAND FOR MINES. (Denver Mining Record) A substantial inquiry is developing for mining properties and many mines and prospects are being groomed for inspection by those wishing to sell. Good mines with an ore tonqage blocked out are always in demand, the great difficulty in making sales being the low net value at which these bodies are appraised by engineers those big companies In the market for mines. As a result the man with mine for sale presents his proposition to the big companies only as a last resort. ore For this reason the mine op erator developing a mine for a sale welcomes new buyers In the market, as this makes competition mines he is offering and brings blood in the business of mining. Every man who has made money In seme industrial effort sooner or later turns his attention to mining to try his luck In a big man's game—that Is, if he ha* any backbone and bllng spirit, friends have for the new any gum Some of our eastern more money than they know what to do with right they are turning thslr the mining and oil fields in an effort to further Increase their bank rolls. They know that the revenue from sell ing war supplies will end coming of peace and they also know that for a long period there will be a world wide demand for mineral pro ducts so necessary in reconstruction. The metal shelves of the oM world bare, and those door knobs, hinges, letter box fixtures and a hundred and one other mqtal utensils confiscated for war needs will have to be replac ed. Europe can keep the mines of the Rocky Mountain now and attention to with the are country busy for years replenishing Its depleted sup plies of copper, Iren, sine, steel, tin and lead. This is why shrewd busi ness men of the country are looking with longing eyes at the mines of the west and the reason also why the or a pros pect for sale does not have to sacri fice It because of R lack of buyers. western man with a mine THE C08T OF VICTORY. (Mining and Scientific Press) The blood of helpless noncombat ants, on sea as well as on land, of in nocent women and children, cries to heaven from under the waves and from amid the ruins of devastated hearths far from the battlefield. We are as little willing to shake hands with our defeated enemy as with a burglar that has been caught in the act of murder; when we think of the millions of happy lives sacriliced to stay his bloody hand, we feel less like a victor than a judge putting on the black cap to pronounce sentence. No sentiment of generous admiration for a fallen foe mixes with our joy today; on the contrary, that exultation is crossed with contempt for an oppon ent that did not play the game. But enough of him, let us turn to think of the immortal dead that He in Flan ders field and elsewhere 1n the wake Of the victorious battalions that leave borne our flag to victory; to them we rise today in silent thought of them restrains our hilar ity, making us deeply sensible of the cost of victory and firmly determined to conclude such a peace as shall be worthy of their sacrifice in the cause of human freedom. To the hosts of the living, now standing to tirms whlle the terms of capitulation are being enforced, to them we can not say all that we feel, to them and to the gallant sailors that kept the seas against submarine piracy, we roach forth the warm hand of unspeakable gTatitude. tlie salute; Easy. The lieutenant was Instructing the squad in visional training. "Tell me, Number One," he said, 'ihow many men are there Is trench-digging party over there?" "Thirty men and one officer," was the prompt reply. "Quite right," observed the lieuten ant, after a pause, know one is an officer tance?" "'Cos he's the only one not work ing, sir." that "But how do you at this dls THE COLONEL'S LEMON. (Columbia Record) We wonder If tihe kaiser thinks nowadays about the occasion him th®* ever on which Theodore handed lemon about being able to conquer the world with "such an army and navy?