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The Wallace Miner
Entered at the Postofflce In Wallace, Idaho, ae second Claes Mall Matter. Published Every Thursday by WALLACE PRINTING COMPANY Elks Temple Building 0 6 Bank Street Wallace, Idaho. Editor J. DUNN .$3.00 Subscription price, per annum Foreign, Canada and all countries in Postal Union, per annum. 1.60 Thursday, January 30, 1919. ANNUAL ASSESSMENT WORK SHOULD BE SUSPENDED. The Boise Statesman is opposed to the suspension of annual assessment work on mining claims for this year and next, and the reasons advanced show a lack of understanding of the real situation In the mining districts After reviewing the of the west, conditions which it concedes Justified the war, the the suspension during Statesman says: "Now, however, conditions are different. Capital cun be turned such purpose; returning sol diers will gradually give the sup ply of labor; men released from army service are well equipped physically for engaging In mine development. 'No longer is It ne cessary to protect rights of draft ed mien in properties where art work should be done. to sessment Possibility exists that the meas ure may accrue all to the benefit of the companies holding large properties and areas on which they do not at this time care to expend money that can be utiliz ed for a time after the war in dl rections more profitable to them selves. "Such favoring of the large companies would be unwise and Most of the individual unfair. property or claim owners will en deavor to not only do their as sessment work, tout also to devel thelr properties. Unless the big companies and investors fall in line the mining Industry will much for half a op not progress decade or so." As a matter of fact, ttie only con dition that was urged during the war In support of suspending assessment work that no longer exists Is the mat ls no longer a There ter of labor, shortage of labor, but the ability to labor for this class of work is Wages, the cost of provisions and pay now more acute, powder, tools, manner of mining supplies remain on nil The law requires that a war basis. $100 must be expended in actual labor and Improvements on each claim. The standard rate of wages in the Coeur d'Alene district before the war $3.50 per day; now It is $5. ratio of increase wn s The prevails In practical op in round figures same throughout the west. eratlon this means that the claim owner now gets only 20 days work for his $100, while under t he old scale of wages before the war work, one-half he got thirty days' more. Add to prices he must pay for all supplies in connection with the evident that results accomplished are this the excessive work and It is not commensurate with the heavy ex pense. Owing to the unsettled industrial throughout the country, for the metals, conditions there Is no market which has not only stopped new de velopment work, but has also result ed in a general curtailment and in complete suspension of many cases a mineral production. It is easy to say that "capital can be turned to such purposes," but it is not the capitalist Jt is tbe that is most concerned, prospector, the miner, man, in short, who finds it difficult, owing to the prevailing high prices and ttie pression in the mining districts, raise the money to perform the an - ual assessment work and who feels, that congress should relieve him of the business the ordinary citizen de to the requirement. The suggestion that suspension of assessment work "may accrue all t» the benefit of the companies holding large properties and areas" is absurd and indicates that the writer Is ig of the real situation. The norant holdings of large companies are gen erally patented and they are little concerned In the proposed action. The Individual claim owners and the small development companies are the par ties most deeply concerned. The Pre vailing conditions during the war forced (hem to suspend development work, and they naturally they should be relieved of the annu al assessment work, utes little or nothing to the develop ment of the property and is chiefly feel that which contrib required os an evidence of good faith their claim to government land. It is officially announced that next April there will be another bond drive when the people will be expected to subscribe for not less than $5,000, 000,000. The people of the mining districts have responded loyally and liberally to every call of the govern ment for funds and they will not fail At the same In the coming drive, time they feel that this is an addi tlonal reason for relief from assess ment work which congress should properly take Into consideration. The senate has already passed a resolu tion suspending assessment work on mining claims until the end of the year following that in which peace is concluded, which means until Decem It is now up to the min ber 31, 1920. ing Interests to bring pressure upon the house to pass it, and it should by all means be done before the ad journment of the present session, which will be March 4. There is no certainty that the new congress will be called In special session on that date, so if the resolution is not passed by the present congress it may not be possible to get action until the regular session In December, which will be too late to be of benefit. Ac tion should be urged by mining asso ciations in every western state; also by commercial bodies and by penson al appeal to members of congress. BILL TO CREATE A STATE BU REAU OF MINES. (Idaho is to have a Htate bureau of mines. At least, a bill for that pur pose has been introduced which has tile endorsement of the committee on mines and mining of the house and it will no doubt pass both houses and receive the approval of the governor. It is recalled, however, that a similar measure wus passed two years ago, but it was killed through the veto of Governor Alexander ns part of his pretentious plan to save a million a year. That such an institution Would probably be the means of adding many millions to the wealth of the state seems never to have occurred to tlie bumptious gentleman who is now The happily retired to private life, merits of the bill will no doubt ap peal to the practical mind of Gov ernor Davis ns one designed to give substantial encouragement to one of the great industries of the state. The proposed bureau would be un der the control of a governing board, which would serve without pay, re ceiving actual expenses while at tending meetings. This board would meet on the first Monday of April and would be made up of the governor, as ex-officio chairman, dean of the school of mines and the president of tile Idaho Mining association. The bill carries an appropriation of $30, 000 to cover the work for two years, to be utilized as follows: For cooper ative work with the United States bu reau of mines. $15,000; for cooperative work with the United States geologi cal survey, $10,000; for geologic and economic investigations, $5000. To appreciate the value of the work outlined in this proposed law, It must he understood that the federal government provides an equal amount for the cooperative work mentioned. The imssage of this bill will there fore mean provision for the support ol' the mines experimental station in connection with the state university and thus enable It to cover a wider field. It will make possible thorough Investigations and the publication of detailed reports on various mining districts, an exhaustive geological survey of the state, and in various ways give substantial encouragement to the development of the mining re sources. Idaho is essentially a min ing state, and It is hoped that no ob stacle will be placed in the way of the passage of this measure, for whatever benefits the mining industry is also beneficial to every other Industry. I FEBRUARY 5 AND THE FIRST IDAHO VOLUNTEERS. The conclusion of the great war, the (ware conference, the return of our victorious army, employment for the soldiers nnd suitable memorials to commemorate their heroic deeds ands patriotic service, all combine to occupy the public mind to an extent that no one seems to have thought of the unniversary of an event that held the interest of the American people and was hailed with an enthusiasm com|>arable with that which only a few months ago centered upon the battlefields of France where Ameri can soldiers were adding new glory to the American flag. On February 5 it will be twenty years sinee the break ing out of the Philippine insurrection, when the strained relations between the American army occupying Manila and the army of Aguinuldo, en trenched about the city, reached the limit of endurance and the clash of arms followed. Idaho was represent ed In that memorable battle that en circled the city by the First Idaho Volunteer infantry, consisting of two battalions aggregating about 800 men. The firing started about 8 or 9 o'clock on the evening of February 4, and throughout the night there was heavy and continuous firing, both infantry and artillery, all along the line, the purpose of the Americans being hold the insurgents back until day The to light and then go after them. Idaho boys were Yeld in reserve all night a short distance back from the firing line, and shortly after daylight on the morning of the 5th they were hurried to a section of the line in front of Santa Ana, one of the strong est positions held by the insurgents. The charge of the Idaho regiment and capture of Santa Ana was one of the most important achievements on that long battle line forming a semi-circle about the city of Manila, and the news of the American victory was hailed with a patriotic outburst of enthusiasm at home unequalled until the nation was thrilled by the greater achievements of American soldiers in France. The record of the First Ida ho volunteer regiment ,has been re peatedly told In story and song, and until the sons of Idaho won new hon ors in the great war Just closed, it formed the most brilliant and thrill ing chapter In the military annals of the state. It was at the battle of Santa Ana that Major Edward Mc Conville, a superb soldier and the best beloved man in the Idaho regi ment, fell leading his men. February 5 Is a day on which vet erans of the Philippine campaign meet in reunion and renew the ties of comradship toy recounting the stirring experienees of those days that seem tout yesterday, although Many of those twenty years ago. who followed the flag across the Pa cific to make Dewey's great naval vic tory complete again responded to the call of their country and added new laurels at Chateau Thierry, Argonne Wood and other battles on the west ern front that are now historic bat tlefields in the world's greatest war. The return of the soldiers from France and the martial spirit that still prevails throughout the country should give renewed interest to the observance of the anniversary on Feb ruary 5, and veterans of the Philip pine campaign, which was a sequel to the war with Spain, should arrange for soldiers who served either at home or abroad in the late war to join in the celebration. Liberty Loan There THE LAST DRIVE IN FRANCE AND AT HOME. The coming Victory will be the last. One more big job to pay for the victory—or the imme diate demands of victory—and Lib erty Loans will be history, must be no lagging by the American people in the drive that will come in April. It will not be a time for ex cuses. The same spirit that characterized the last hour of fighting before the armistice went into effect should be shown by the stay-at-home for whom the Yanks fought in France. Here is the official report of operations in those last few hours of the war: "The 3rd division advanced 3 kilometers east of Breheville. De spite increased resistance by ma chine gun and artillery fire the 5th division continued to advance, capturing 18 prisoners, 3 large calibre guns. 6 mlnenwerfers and considerable material. In accord ance with the terms of the armis tice hostilities on the front of the American armies cealed at 11:00 a. m." The Yanks didn't shirk that last Job. Many gave their lives with peace a matter of minutes away. I Every American at home worth the j victory won by those boys in khaki will work as hard in the coming loan as in the first. j STILL KEEPING GENERAL WOOD IN THE BACKGROUND. has been sent to Chicago to take command of! General Leonard Wood the central department. The officer whom he succeeds js transferred to Governor's Island In charge of the eastern department. . Before the war and before It was divided up into the northeastern, the southeastern nnd eastern departments the post at Gov ernor's Island was the most import ant assignment of the kind in the country. While the republicans were in power that station was considered of sufficient consequence to assign the senior major general Oi' the army and General Wood to ita command, presided over the department of the His humiliation east for two years, since Mr. Wilson became commander- j Is a familiar In-chief of the army story, of which the .general's present assignment to the comparatively un important central department is but the latest chapter. Secretary Baker recently reported that complete lists of casualties had and that: been sent to Washington, 1000 clerks were busy in getting' them out. The daily casualty list at the time contained about 500 names, which shows that two clerks, by ap plying themselves attentively to their duties managed to get out together! one name each day. But Mr. Baker clerks announced that 1000 more would be added to the force with a view to speeding up the final casualty With 2000 employes bending reports. their energies to that end the public may reasonably expect a daily list of 1000 names until the entire number are printed. Some efficiency! Perhaps McAdoo thinks that since he raised the wages of railway ployes the employes will always give him credit and will bestow their een upon any man who happens to be in control if wages ever come down again. the workman's view', why McAdoo didn't stick to the job nad keep the wages up. em sure But perhaps that won't be He may Inquire There is one thing that President Wilson may be assured of—no mem ber of his peace commission will have any views on any subject in conflict AVhenever the presi of snuff all the with his own. dent takes a whiff members of his commission will very promptly sneeze. Whenever you get enough of gov ernment operation, shout loud enough to be heard back In Washington. ROOSEVELT'S WIFE. (Baltimore Sun) No greater contrast could be pre sented than that between the extraor dinary publicity which attended al most every step of Colonel Roosevelt's life for 20 years and ttie almost com plete privacy of Mrs. Roosevelt's life. If she had been the wife of an ob scure citizen we could scarcely heard less about her; scarcely have been more remote from the public eye. More is printed in week about women of less prominence and less real interest than has been printed about Mrs. Roosevelt In all the time in which her husband was one of the great figures of the world. Even in the millions of words written about the former president in the last few days Mrs. Roosevelt is consplcu principally because of her ab from the spotlight of conven have she could ous sence tlonal gossip and comment. This was not due to Mr. Roosevelt's overshadowing importance, to his sel fish desire to keep her in the back ' ground, nor to her lack of positive and attractive qualities. She is said to be woman of unusual strength of char acter, of great common sense, of de cided efficiency in domestic admlnis tration, of keen appreciation of cur rent problems, of profound sympathy with Mr. Roosevelt's ambitions and activities. She remained behind the scenes because she did not care to play a public role, because she thought her home realm quite as important as that in which her husbant' held so prominent a place. And those who know say that she was a tower of strength to the strong man at her side, and a 'guide, a counselor, friend whose wise and loving influ ence contributed materially to all his a successes. Colonel Roosevelt needed just this sort of a helpmate—a helpmate of [sweetness and tight and strength, j quiet, presiding genius of the house j hold who understood how to stlmu j late and how to check him. Happy the man who has a wife of this kind. She is worth more than a wilderness of noisy suffragettes discoursing upon 1 lie rights of woman and the wrongs perpetrated by man. If Colonel Roose velt had been married to one of the latter type he would probably have been a bitter antl-suffragist. As It was he doubtless judged ail other wo men by his wife, and thought nothing was too good for them. The respect ful sympathy of the nation goes out to her In this hour. THE SHIPYARD STRIKE. (Anaconda Standard) j In view of the reports of the large , number of men out of work In many indu8trla ' centers wlth mtl P Prospect of a revival of industry for many weeks, this is not an opportune time! to strike. Thirty-five thousand men have left the shipyards at Seattle and Tacoma because their demands for higher wages were not granted. Their action, however, is not likely to ern barrass the builders and may be a lief to them. There is no urgent need for the completion of the ships now that the war Is over and little will be lost by the delay except to the men who have been getting (fond wages at this work. The government, state and ! local Borah's Eloquent Plea for Old Time Americanism. from speech of Senator W. E. Borah on January 14. the having under consideration a resolution to Postpone the nations until the peace treaty is formu (Extract senate formation of a league of la ted.) in these days of advanced thought that Americanism, in the policies and princi and which alone will keep us great. "1 am not ashamed to say I believe in the old-time nles which made us great . , want America, disenthralled and disentangled by ^ recept an J ample, through Influence and counsel to continue her lead in the great march of civilization-in the world struggle for free gov 1 ernment. Providence hasten the hour—is a re reconsecration of the national '•What we need—and may of the national spirit and a Give us again the vision and the courage of that steadfast bark through the first perilous years, that inspired the fighting soul of Jackson, institutions and the love of. our common baptism Ideals. pilot who guided our frail Give us the Americanism Give us the faith in our _ „ „ , country of him who walked unscathed through the fierce hres of the deathless glory of martyrdom, bound together by the ties of respect and con hope, devoted to a common country. which we may -love and internecine war to ''Give us a people an fldence, inspired by a common Give us something that Is our very own for the preservation of which men are willing to die, and you will have an America, a United States which will exert far more influ and dispense greater happiness and lead more certainly to America shorn of her individuality and ence world contentment than an . , embarrassed in her free movements by alliances or sickened and enfeebled by the international virus. "I beg you to believe there is nothing to take the place of this Let us cling to it as of old they clung to Let us foster it as you would your family old-time Americanism, the horns of the altar, hearthstone. Without it we will go the way of all the republics of the earth. in contact with two evil forces from the Old World—-Prussianism and internationalism, duing them and destroying them, we are yielding to their slimy maw the proudest heritage ever left to the keeping of any people principles and the American conception of government. utter destruction of a Each would undermlnfc and destroy "The fact is we have come Instead of sub American 'iBoth contemplate world dominion and national spirit everywhere. — Individuality of all governments and comprehend all under one the universal rule. both against America and everything for which Ara But while civilization stands back in shuddering con propose to "They were erica stands. temptation of the rule of either, American statesmen take something from the teachings of both and substitute it for teachings of Washington and the faith of millions of Ameri the can homes. "Instead of our government controlled and directed by the in people, instead of American telligence and patriotism of our own standards and American principles, instead of devotion to our in stitutions and our own flag, we are to have an international super Prussian force, with a vast army of repression, state in which the national spirit stands rebuked and the state resting upon a super international flag is the symbol of our hopes. "I can not look very far Into that time which Is not yet, but I do know that there was brought into being on this western continent nearly 150 years ago an experiment in government which has wea thered every storm, which has given freedom and prosperity to the people at home and precept and example and inspiration to world abroad, and as for me I shall not by any act or vote of mine surrender it or even jeopardize it in the eyes of the world. the "The thing which finally won this war, which overcame and beat down militarism, trained, efficient, brutal militarism, was the love of country, the which internationalism Frenchman's love of country, the Briton's American's love of country—that thing would murder. "God pity the ideals of this republic if they shall have no de fenders save the gathered scum of the different nations organized a conglomerate international police force, ordered hither and into thither by the most heterogeneous and irresponsible body or court or confounded the natural Instincts and noble that ever confused passions of a people." authorities and corporations in all parts of the country are endeavoring to find means of taking care of as much as possible of the surplus labor so that distress may be avoided to as great an extent as possible. Copper mines have been kept running, al though there is no present market for copper. Plants in other lines have continued in operation, although they can not Immediately sell their pro duct. The large surplus of labor in the country is caused by the shutting down of vast munition plants for whose product there is no demand in time of peace and by the return of the soldiers. With so much unemployed labor in the country the voluntary addition of 35,000 men to the ranks of the unem ployed through their own action is not good policy on their part. They will be the chief sufferers. There is at present no warrant-^for a further increase in wages and the tendency from now on will inevitably be down j ward. j ROUTE TO PARNASSUS. (New York Herald) There is no royal road to the heights of Parnassus. Those who would' ascend must follow a narrow, stony trail, beside which lie here and there the whitened bones of the many artists, players and writers, who, lacking the stamina necessary for the climb, have perished by the way. There are many, however, who think they have found smooth and easy routes, and they follow them In blind self-confidence, serene in their i belief that they have avoided the hardships and difficulties of travel, One of these is the bard who seeks | expression in free verse, thinking to avoid the drudgery of rhyme and meter. Insensible alike to the melody of words and the discord of false rhy re-jming he divides his prose composi tlons into lines and is quite satisfied with the result if It looks like poetry, Another easy route Is that followed by the artist whose lofty genius soars far above the limitations Interposed .by line and color. Disdaining drafts manshlp for the excellent reason that never learned to draw, he daubs his canvas with meaningless splashes of paint and imagines him self an impressionist. Another route is crowded with novelists will not learn the art of story-telling, playwrights who write dialogues in order to escape the hard work scene building and essayists who have nothing to say worth listening to. There are actors, too, on the trail, and some of them compel brief recognition from the pretentiously Ignorant means of physical contortions that are much easier to master than acting. Of many of these who pick their way along the easy trails we hear it said that "they get away with it." So does the burglar with the plate. But the end Is the same every case. The faker passes Into ob scurity; the thief dies In the prison hospital. he has easy who of by family in OBEYING ORDERS. Just simply obeying orders Is often as hard as executing a big Job, But the youth who does not acquire Amenability to discipline Is not likely ever t6 be called upon ITo do the big work of the world. If you mop a floor well When ordered to mop a floor, And don't consider yourself raged In doing It, You may some day stand among kings And queens and aces and jacks And the rest of the high cards > n life's pack; But if your sensitive soul rebels At trivial things and tries to float Amid the spheres Before you have sprouted sphere out floating wings, At sixty you' are likely to be occu pying Your country home With all expenses By the county. And nothing to do times taken care of except at meal into the dining When you march room With the other Inmates.