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The Wallace Miner
Entered at the Postofflce In Wallace, Idaho, as second claaa Mall Matter. Published Every Thursday by WALLACE PRINTING COMPANY Elks Temple Building I0( Bank Street Wallace. Idaho. A. J. DUNN Editor Subscription pries, per annum..,.$1.00 Foreign, Canada and all countries in Postal Union, per annum. 1.60 Thursday, February 27, 1919. THERE SHOULD BE NO WORK FOR ALIENS. The time has arrived when it is the duty of every citizen to preach and practice Americanism, which means an absolute devotion to our form of government and a resolution to de fend It ut home and abroad, In peace as well as in war. In fact, the call for this Americanism is more pressing now than It was when we were en gaged In war. Emboldened by the temporary success of radical social ism, bolshevism and anarchy In tlie countries of Europe, emissaries of these organizations of lawlessness and disorder are busily spreading their poisonous propaganda in tills coun try and have been successful to an extent that demands drastic action by tlie government and local authorities, and to make these measures accom plish the purpose they must have the earnest support of every one who claims to be an American. Seattle and Butte, the places selected by these alien revolutionists to begin the organized attack upon our free Insti tutions, have established precedents that should be followed by every com munity In free America. The prompt and courageous action taken by the mayor of Seattle In defiance of the mob, and ills guarantee of protection to every citizen In the peaceful pur suit of his occupation, was a splendid exhibition of fearless Americanism, restored ordor und business In Seat tle and strengthened confidence In the authorities to combat the work , of alien enemies. Over in Butte the sunie element, -represented largely by the 1. W. W., undertook to close down tlie mines and dominate the control of the city, just as they did in Seattle. Unfor tunately Butte did not have a mayor with sufficient strength of character to cope .with the lawless element, and w hat he should have done was accom plished by United States troops and an aroused American sentiment in Butte. Under a guarantee of protec. tlon men who had been forced to quit work in the mines returned to their jobs, and the people of the great cop per city have resolved that the indus try upon which they depend shall not again be tied up by a gang of Irre sponsible agitators led by aliens who hope to incite revolution and event ually destroy the beneficent govern ment under which we live and enjoy all the privileges of a free and inde pendent people. That the people of Butte are in earnest in their deter mination to free the community from the disturbing element was evidenced the other day by a great mass meet ing, in which business men and wage earners Joined, denouncing the work of aliens iwho have no sympathy with our government and that other class of native or naturalized citizens who are American in name only. At this meeting it was resolved: "That all of the employers In Rilver Bow county be earnestly requested to give employment to none save loyal American citizens and to those who have signified their Intention of becoming Am ericans by taking out their first papers toward citizenship; and be It further "Resolved, That those who have allowed an unreasonable length of time to elapse since making their initial citizenship declaration be likewise refused employment In this community." The experience of Butte and the ac tion taken by the citizens of that city should not be without its effect In this district. Aliens and those who have taken out their first papers and have shown no interest in completing their citizenship should not be given employment, and those American citizens who disgrace their country by following the lead of the enemies of government should be given to un derstand that there is a spirit of real Americanism in the Coeur d'Alene district that will not tolerate insult to the flag and assaults upon our form of government. This Is the supreme duty of American citizenship today. of in in VICTORY LOAN BONOS WILL BE ATTRACTIVE. It Is generally realized that for ob vious reasons It Is going to be more difficult to secure subscriptions for Victory bonds than it was to place the several Liberty loans, thuslnsm of wdr has passed away and many are disposed to regard the ob ligation to subscribe less binding than when the fight was on. The country is less prosperous and many wage earners who were ready to subscribe on the installment plan, having the payments deducted from their pay The cn checks, now have no pay checks com ing. Business men are less prosper ous and are therefore disposed to re tain their surplus or use it In more profitable investments. Whatever may be our opinion regarding government expenditures during the war and the capacity of those charged with the responsibility of making them, the fact remains that (here are vast obli gations to be met arid that the call of patriotism is Just as strong now as it was during the war to come to the support of tlie government. It is therefore the duty of every citizen to buy Victory bonds to the extent of his ability and to begin now to make Ills plafls for that purpose. The situation is described in the following letter from James K. Lynch, governor of the federal reserve bank, twelfth dis trict, of San Francisco; "Telegraphic reports of changes In tlie plan for financing the gov ernment have produced a feeling of uncertainty In the minds of our citizens. We have positive as surance from Secretary Glass that a popular loan will be offered for subscription on April 21, and that this will be 'a salable loan,'—In other words, a loan that will be attractive to the investor whether in the form of certificates or bonds. Obviously, there are de tails which can not yet be decided and announcements which can not be made until congress has legislated. "Let us not be confused by pre Hrnilnary discussion, but let us keep our minds fixed on the fact that our government requires the money to complete tlie work it has undertaken. The attempted Industrial revolt which collapsed in Seattle, owing to the firmness of the mayor, Is evidence that Hun propaganda is still active. The 'War' will not be over until the Huns have been given the bill and have begun paying. Then, and then only, will they realize defeat and confess error.'.' in not of DON'T OVERLOOK FILING IN COME TAX RETURN. Every single person who laid an in come lust year of $1000 or more, and e\ ery married person who had an in come of $2000 or more, must tile return with the collector of Internal revenue for the district in which he resides on Or before March 15. ure to do so may subject the i ing person to severe penalties, a Fail nffend both in the form of direct fine and impris onment and through increase in taxes also. Here is what will happen for such failure: For failure to file a return on time, a fine of not more than $1000 and an additional assessment of 25 per cent of the tax due. For making u false or fraudulent return, a tine of not more than $10, 000 , or imprisonment for not than one year, or both, together with an additional assessment of 50 per cent of the amount of tax evaded. For failure to pay the tax on time, a fine of not more than $1000 and an additional assessment of 5 per cent of the amount of tax unpaid, plus l per cent interest for each full month dur ing which it remains unpaid. In addition to the $1000 personal exemptions, allowed an exemption of $200 for each person dependent upon them for chief more and $2900 taxpayers are support if such person Is under years of age and incapable Under the 1917 act, this emption was allowed dependent "child." family—one who supports persons closely connected with him by blood relationship, relationship marriage, or -by adoption—Is entitled to all exemptions allowed a married person. 18 of self support. ex only for each The head of a one or more by The normal rate of tax under new act is 6 per cent of the first $4000 of net Income above tlie exemptions, and 12 per cent of the net Income In excess of $4000. $5000 are subject ranging from 1 per cent of the amount of the net income between $5000 and $6000 to 65 per cent of the come above $1,000,000. the Incomes in excess of also to a surtax bv net In Payment of the tax may be made in full at the time of filing return in four Installments or on or before Mnrcti 15, on or before June 15, before September 15 and on or before December 15. on or RECORD OF DEMOCRATIC PROM saya I8E8 REPUDIATED. Senator Ashurst, of Arizona, he is ashamed of the democratic par ty in repealing the law grunting free passage of American coastyvise ships through the Panama canal, and de clares that "this is the one foul blot cn the democratic party." It Is a foul blot, all right, but not the only one. Ashurst is right in saying that it was a "shameful, disgraceful, betrayal of the American people," but he is wrong in assuming that It is tile only be trayal. The democrats went into power on a platform that expressly pledged them to the free tolls policy, repudiated it. They But they also went into power on a pledge of economy. They repudiated' It before they had been in power six months. They went into power on a pledge to maintain the merit system in the civil service. They repudiated it. They went into power on a pledge to maintain the integrity of each of the three coordinate branches of the government, not permitting one to encroach upon the Just powers of either of the others. They repudiat ed that pledge, and never in the his tory of the government has there been so much dictation to congress from the executive. They went into power on a platform pledging the candidate for president to the principle of a single term, but they repudiated that pledge without sliame and made the repudiation ef fective by the false plea of "he kept us out of war." ✓ They went into power on a platform which began with assurance of devo tion to the principles of democracy formulated by Thomas Jefferson and whicli ended with an assurance that "our pledges are made to be kept But from beginning to end tlie record of their administra tion has been a continuous series of steps toward uutoeracy, with the breaking of platform pledges ut every opportunity. And the end is not yet. while in office." WHY REPUBLICANS WILL BE VICTORIOUS NEXT YEAR. Although it is twenty months until the general election and more than a before preliminary campaign activities begin, republicans through out the nation are even now looking forward with a confidence of victory that never existed so far in advance of the election before. This was strik ingly illustrated at tlie Lincoln day banquet a few days ago, and the spir it that was manifested by republicans of Shoshone county on that occasion was duplicated at similar gatherings of republicans in all parts of tlie coun try. Factional differences have been forgotten in the supreme purpose of republicans everywhere to restore the year in in he a party to power that has the capacity to govern and to solve the great prob lems now confronting the people in a manner that nil] restore to all. prosperity Beginning with the enactment of the free trade Underwood which paralyzed the -business of country, tlie democratic law t ! [ administra tion has been a succession of blund ers due to incompeteney and a nar row partisanship which pietely destroyed whatever confidence It deserved when it took over the con trol of the government. Refusing to admit the manifest folly of the Un have com derwood law and claiming credit for the unexpected prosperity that to the country as a result of the war; j returning to power through the false-larger came and hypocritical claim that "he kept j no preparation for it; wasting millions of dollars after war was finally declared jit in a vain attempt to make it a demo- t I | I crowning the entire spectacle of ego- a tism, Incompetency and partisanship with tile adoption of socialist heresies ' us out of war," when he knew that J war was inevitable and making cratic (war; refusing with equal stu/ pidity to prepare for peace, and | in the conduct of the government— these are a few of the reasons that Justify the republicans in looking for ward with absolute confidence to tain victory in 1920. cer BIG FOUR BROTHERHOOD AND THE RAILROADS. Railroad employes bv the big four brotherhoods, have been especially favored by the administration, propose Joint as represented which the railroad employes and the railroad : officials: that the earnings be guaran -1 teed at 4 per cent and that employes I .__ . ... ' share in the profits. Strangely enough ' * n the spokesmen for the big four ignore j owner ship of railroads by the government. the trifling deficit of $250,000,000 now j hanging over the railroads which has accumulated since the government took them over and which is steadily under government man- j Perhaps they figure on an- - other bond issue to wipe out this de- j licit and to raise a few billion dollars ■ to reimburse the stockholders. The record made by the government does not indicate that employes would have their incomes materially enhanced through sharing the profits. Com menting on this proposal of the bro therhoods, the Manufacturerer pertin ently asks why not get back to first principles as Americans, turn the rail roads-back to their owners under pro per government supervision and let the owners operate the roads, pay the bills and make money if they can. Af ter our experience of the past eigh teen mlonths, no one has the temerity to claim that government ownership will ever give as good service or as cheap rates as private enterprise. increasing agement. RESUMPTION OF INDUSTRY WILL SOLVE LABOR PROBLEM. Before the war ended republicans in congress endeavored to start action that would prepare the country for a prosperous peace, but they received no encouragement from the democrat ic- majority. Since the war ended tlie same democratic majority has been emgaged in framing new provisions to further tax the people while the pres ident has given his entire attention to settling the troubles of all nations to the exclusion of the domestic difficul ties of his own country. Democrats in congress talk and talk of relieving the labor situation by providing gov ernment work, and even that gets no further than talk. On this subject the National Republican says: "Whatever unemployment there is in the country could be quickly cured by shutting off part of the three billion dollars of foreign im ports now displacing nearly that much of the output ' of normal American industry, through a protective tariff. The radical so cialists. along ovith the near so cialists. are doing most of the talking about unemployment, while at the same time fighting any legislation or policies of ad ministration which would enable private enterprise to get into mo tion on a peace basis. If ever there was a time -when common sense was more needed, or less utilized, in public affairs, that seems to be the present." HIGH PRICES. Cause Is Plain, But How to Reduce Them Is Problem. Youth's Companion) What determines prices? An easy answer is, the relation between sup ply and demand. Theoretically, that answer Is sound, but it does not fully explain a|l_jbonditions; for example, the conditions that now prevail in this country. What has happened here is that prices were forced upward by a shortage of supply in time of war; that labor naturally availed itself of the opportunity to get a great advance in wages; that all prices were thereby fixed at a high level, including the prices of goods that the war affected neither in supply nor in demand; and that, although supply is now ample a land demand is checked by the contin [ lied high prices, the prices neverthe less do not decline. Undoubtedly the prime cause of the situation is the exceedingly high wage of labor. They may or may not be too high; but so long as labor itself has to pay a high price for everything it has to buy, it could not without hard ship suiter a drastic cut unless the general level of the prices of neces saries were lowered. Another cause of the situation that can not be remov ed is the excessive taxes levied on the j employers. The employers must get a false-larger percentage of profit than of old j ir ,he >' are to hav «* anything left to live on after meeting the government demands. However we look at It, the current scale of prices Is a great evil, jit Is an evil to every one individually, t il ,s ''finally I country. It is bankrupting'our rall | ways at the same time that it is cost I ing us more to travel and yet giving a much poorer service than we are used to. It disappoints our hope of ' creatinK a Freat export cause the lowest price for which oqr manufacturers can be sold is too high for the foreign markets—higher than the prices of our competitors—and at the same time In the domestic trade J Since tin evil to tlie ovhole trade, be we must pay double, or more than ! double, the old price for things that we can not do without. It discourages -business men from investing in new enterprises, for no one believes that the present conditions will last long [enough to make it profitable to build j lly new mills at the current prices of ma terinl and labor. lone It Is much easier to note the facts j than to find a remedy for them. If ; not Apparently ttiere will soon be a surplus of labor, ow * n * the discontinuance of " ori< am1 the dlschar *<' Rlnee business can not , 'jder present conditions, the seekers for work will find It only by displacing relief is to come. It will he by the op eration of natural laws. a war of soldiers. Increase on The Unretuming. (James Russell Lowell) We sit in the Promised Land That flows with Freedom's honey ■ and milk; — But 'twas they won it, sword in hand, Making the nettle danger soft for us as silk. We welcome back our bravest and our best; Ah me! not all! some come not with the rest, Who went forth brave and bright as any here! I strive to mix some gladness with my strain, But the sad strings complain, And will not please the ear; T sweep them for a paean, but they wane Again and yet again Into a dirge, and die away, in pain, in these brave ranks I only see the gaps, Thinking of dear ones whom the dumo turf wraps, Dark to the triumph which they died to gain: Fitlier may others greet the liv ing, For me the past is unforgiving; I with uncovered head Salute the sacred dead, tVho went, and who return not.—Say not so! 'Tis not the grapes of Canaan that repay. But the high faith that failed not by the way; Virtue treads paths that end not in the grave; No bar of endless night exiles the brave; And to the saner mind Wie rather seem the dead that stayed behind. Blow, trumpets, all your exultations blow! For never shall their, aureoled pres ence lack: I see them muster in a gleaming row. With ever-youthful brows that nobler show; We find in our dull road their shin ing track; In eyery nobler mood We feel the orient of their spirit glow. Part of our life's unalterable good, Of all our saintlier aspiration; They come transfigured back, ♦ Secure from change in their high hearted ways, Beautiful evermore, and with the rays Of morn on their White Shields Expectation. of this is a of the and some of those now employed. A gen oral reduction of wages new opportunities. would give If such a reduc lion were universal and affected all industries, it might not a disad vantage. That may not be the way out of our difficulty, or at any rate the best way; but we shall have the very hardest kind of hard times unless find some way. we BORAH COMMENDED. Natlonal Republican) Senator William E. Borah contend ed for a fundamental American prin ciple when he opposed the continu ance of a law whereby the postmas ter general may, upon the basis of his the too has it the of own personal opinion or alleged opin Ion, destroy any -publication by refus- ; ing to permit Its circulation through the mails and excluding its corres pondence therefrom, without specific charges, hearing, appeal or recourse. The argument that such arbitrary pewer might be used for a good pur pose Is, of course, sophistical, be cause it is equally true that it may be used for a bad purpose and one of I the fundamentals of our form of gov a to eminent is that no man shall be de prived of personal or property rights without due process of law. By no process of reasoning may the mere dictum of a single official be consid ered process of law; it (s autocray In its most flagrant, and, when applied to the freedom of the press, in its I most dangerous form, publications advocate That certain j bolshevism j was advanced as an argument for giv- j ing this arbitrary power to a single j civil official, but a postmaster general I * ot -bolshevik tendencies could use it ! to suppress every publication that did not preach bolshevik doctrine, and - under the law there would 'be no rem- | an edy or recourse for the object of such 1 persecution. The silent Influence of power of this kind is, of course, read j lly understood. When the very life of every newspaper is at the mercy of lone official there will of course, be j sense of caution in every publication ■ his ; office. The legislature, of course, does not -prevent the circulation of radical literature through the malls, but It.Is a noteworthy fact that these "red" publications, like the Liberator, adopt, under the circumstances, a very friendly attitude toward the adminis tration In power. The matter gets back to the spirit of our Institutions, the | grossly violated by such legislation, establishing precedents which there j may yet be serious occasion to regret all , The enactment o-f such a provision of law as that against which Senator Borah protests was astounding the alleged war measure; It is even more ,astounding, now that the as an war is over, that this absolutely unlimited is voted to a single cabinet official, without any provision the legal determination of the Justifi cation for his acts, or any appeal or recourse for the victims of a tyranny which Is absolutely licensed by provision of law. we power whatever for this WISE COUNCIL IN BUTTE. (Anaconda Standard) ; The 8tnlke ia over but there should be no cessa tlon In the efforts to bring ^ own tbe cost of the necessities ltfe ' Everything should be done effect reasonable reductions. There bave been reductions in many lines, ' bu * there should be a more general and a ,riore decided dropping in pr * ces - Wages have come down in the of I m *nes and prices should not delay in ^Mowing suit. of to the WIise councils should prevail in the readjustment of the country from a ■V'ar to a peace basis. All efforts to profiteer in prices or In wages should be abandoned. I The get-together spirit should prevail among all inter ests in Butte in the effort to avoid friction between seller and j an ^ between employer and employed j ln th is community. consumer The readjust j ^fnt process must not be confined pn j Nrely to one side. It is not fair that I * n *be readjustment the other fellow a 'l the losing. The policy of give anf1 take should prevail. Let Butte - Bet along with little friction this year | an d let the readjustment be made 1 without strikes or clashes between capital and labor. Both prices and should he made to suit peace times; war prices can not be main tained now that we are at peace. Tt is easier for a young man to fool his own mother than it is for him to fool any other woman. A lawyer draws up a will Iri such a way that he can see a second fee when It Is contested. Many a man wants the earth, but In the end the earth gets the man.