Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 11, 1822.
ERRATUM IN MR. LEE'S SPEECH. /n the second column read enavateJ lor ex rated. fn the third column read strongest for strong, insert t‘it: before lightning, ami read philosophy for philanthropy. In the fourth column, readme people for a people, and primary ones, for final ones. in the last column read Cornelii for Comelli• FROM LONDON —it is stated that Lon don papers to thje 22d May are received at ?». York by the brig Alciope. Our correspon dents of the Mercantile Advertiser have receiv ed paper? to the morning of the 20th—a proof sheet from that office contains the following extracts.—Balt. American. Mr Lushipgton hid notified the House of(/onHiK>n9 that he should on the 20th, move tor a com nittee on the duties upon the importation ot certain articles into the Frit sh colonies of N. America, and the West Indies London, May 20 The French papers of Friday, 17th, have arrived The elections io the Cham bers, tlwrb every other interest in France. From the organization of the E Jecforal College of Paris, we have reason to inter that the left side will obtain the ascendant. Among the candidates, is M, Ternaui, the great manufacturer. Paris being the residence of the agents of gov ernment, and the focus of ministerial influ ence, the result ot its elections, if favora ble to the liberal party, may be regarded „is the general feeling of France, on the late proceedings of the Executive. Paris. May 17. The Pope is said, in a letter Irora Home ■■of April 2lM, to be in a very declining state.—He fell, from mere weakness, on entering bis chamber alter holding the last consistory. From the uncertain state of the negotia tions between Turkey and Russia, the diplomatic communications between St. Petersburg and Paris are watched with great anxiety. An extraordinary courier arrived here two days since from St. Pe tersburg, with despatches. We have received from Savannah an extract from the “Georgian,” of the 30th June, which announces that the Commis sioner* appointed by the decree of the Dis trict Judge, have awarded to Eml. Drin geon, of Havre, owner of the French ship Apollo, Edou, master, twtnty-Jivc thousand dof!ars. It will be recollected that the Apollo was seized by the Collector of Sr. Mary’s in September, 1820, for an alleged viola tion of the act imposing a duty of eighteen dollars per ton on French vessels, passed the 15th May, 1820, and that a decree was passed pro forma in the March fol lowing in the Admiralty Court, Georgia District, awarding restitution of vessel and cargo, having the question of costs and damages open to adjudication Wash- City Gaz. rtiiladslphia, July S. I Extract from a letter of an officer attached to the U\ S< ship Franklin, received by a friend in tbi« city. “We have on board a Mr. Kennedy, who formerly belonged to the (7. S, Ma rine Corps.—He resigned and came out to this country with the unfortunate Gen eral Carrera, who was well known in the Uni led States* “In a battle (ought some months since, General Carrera was taken prisoner, shot and quartered* Mr- K. was taken at the same time and would have suffered the ♦ate of his general, hud he not received in the action a musket ball, which entered his left and passed out of his right eye. He had the rank of captain in the service of Carrera. He arrived here totally des titute of every thing, and all that he has received for his long services is the lots ot both eyes. He will return to the United States in fhe frigate Constellation.” A PMR OF VILLAINS CAUGHT ' On Thursday morning last, in the midst of the bustle and parade at Poplar spring, a gentleman from the country (Mr.jScott of Halifax) was robbed of his pocket book containing d.1600 in cash. Mr. S. had received the money only that morning, and recollected but one of the Notes, a Geor gia Billot D.tOO. This Georgia Bill has been the means of detecting the villains, and of partially, if not wholly, retrieving the loss of a worthy roan. The necessary steps having been taken to apprize the Brokers as well of Richmond as lois town ot the robbery, and a description furnish ed of the notes as far as practicable; ti e thieves fell into the snare, and on Satur day last were arrested and committed to tail in Richmond. These associates in villainy are two in number; their names in Richmond were, John Pomroy and Jo seph Santtey in this town they passed themselves for 17. Sims and William Buin roy. In their examination on Saturday, it was -hown that they were in Richmond on the 3d and bth—the 4th they spent in this town, d.800 were found upon them. Petersburg Intel, BURR STONK IN VIRGINIA. I was a short time since on the Allegany mountain, five miles south ot Montgome ry Court House; at a quarry of stone, which is said to he better, by those that have used it, than the Fiench #urr- There are several first rate workmen employed iii /rotting the blocks together, and they say there is no doubt of their superiority. Several mills in the neighborhood have in them stones cut of the solid. I am inform ed that when the stones are completed, they are sold at from one to two hundred * dollars per pair, according to their size, 1 A VIRGINIAN. Col. Todd, of Kentucky, arrived here ; on Tuesday last, in the steam boat Nor- i f»'ik, Irotn Baitimoie. Col. T, goes out ! to the Republic of Colombia in the S3oio capacity (Charge d*Affaires) as Mr- Tor res was received at W a^hirtgJo'-i* Hft wi take his passage in the Juhu Adams oil her arrival here from Philadelphia Norfolk Herald. Charleston, July 2, Accounts by the brig Mary, Capt. Wil cox, from Havana, state that the u o, schr. Grampus, Lieut. Gregory, hat put into that port tor supplies. She conhrmed the statement received at this port a lew days since, of the capture of two pirati cal vessels in the Old Bahama Channel.— She left cruising there the U. S. schooner Shark, Lieuf. Perry, and the two prizes vvirh a part of the crew of the Grampus; and brotght to Havana seven pirates taken in the above mentioned vessels* MEXICO. Paul Allen concludes some remarks on the Mexican Government with the follow ing paragraph:— Perhaps it i9 going a little out of the re cord, to say, that more than rumors are afloat of a secret understanding between this new monarchy and the island ot Cuba; that an event full as astonishing as the con struction of this new imperial government may be. and at no distant day, anticipat ed—that our sea monsters denominated pirates, may 90on bid adieu to all their lurking holes in those regions. In short, we firmly believe that Cuba is reserved (or a better destiny than to become ftbe a »ylum for knaves and robbers, who claim 50 intimate a fellowship With the gallows, and that this valuable island will be subjected ere long to the Mexican govern ment. FROM MEXICO. Translated for the Philadelphia Gazette. From the Vera Cruz Gazette, May 30, 1822. Oath of the Emperior Augustin the First befoie the Supreme Congress I, Augustin, by Divine Providence, and by nomination of the Congress ol the Re presentatives of the Nation, Emperor of Mexico, swear, by God, and the Holy Evangelists, that I will defend and pre serve the Roman Chatbolic and Apostolic Religion, without permitting any other in the Empire; that 1 will maintain and cause to be maintained the constitution which the said Congress will form, and mean while the Spanish constitution in such mat ters as may be expedient, and, also, the laws, orders, and decrees, already issued nr which may hereafter proceed from the said Congress, having in view at all times the welfare of the nation; that I will not a lienate, cede,or dismember anylpartof the Empire; that I will not exact produce, money or aught eise, without a decree ot the Congress; that I will not take trom any one his property; and especially that l will resptet the political liberty of the nation, and the personal liberty of each individual; and, it to what I have sworn or any part thereof, 1 may act contrary, obedience shall not be due to me, and, in such, my acts shall be null and void— 1 hus may God be my aid and my defence, and, if not, maybe demand ol me. Mexico, May 21, 182*. From the A". Y, Commercial Advertiser, j July 5, The account given in the letters before us of the state of matters at Lima, is of the most deplorable kind, and we suspect somewhat overcharged. “Cora. Hardy, (says the writer) arrived here on the 9th from Lima, in the Creole frigate. He and his officers give a dread ful account of Lima. There is rothing to he had in the eating line. Poultry D2J per dozen; washing' Dl2, and DIG for a horse to go from Cailoa to Lima,a distance of only eight miles- These are fine pros pects indeed. Com. Hardy says the peo ple are the most treacheious scoundrels that have disgraced human nature, and will not be surprized if we have before long to receive on board all the American and English merchants, with their effects, as the government and people are jealous of everything like a foreigner, and the restrictions are such as will ultimately cause them to quit the country.'* We presume the tollowing letter satis factorily explains, or rather refutes, the report lately in.circulation, of a parly of Americans being surprised and murdered by the Pirates intesting the borders ot the Gulf. r „ U. States sc hr. Grampus. June 1 <. Of Pardon Grand, Coast Cuba. “ From Cayo Largo we proceeded to Salt Key and found the pirates had lett there two days—We took a gun and some anchors left by them, searched the island for hidden goods, and made prisoners of two Spaniards, who offered to pilot us to their rendezvous at Sagua le Grande — Thither we posted, but found they were off; we then visited several Keys, and re mained three days at Aguadilla ; thence, tor Havaua, we fell in with a French brig ihat had been robbed by the pirates the day previous : we took a man out of her to recognize them, and hauling our wind for Sugar Key, where we armed in tour days, and having been joined by the Shark, Capt. Perry, the boats *vcie despatched under his command, with 9o men, well armed, and a small schooner (a prize) cal led the Finite, off this place ; we disco vered two schooners but could not get at them on account of the shoal water, the largest of them hove most of her plunder overboard, aud then made their escape up RioGuijaba. The next day having received informa tion ot another oi their stations, under a chief named Kaphaelini—bore away for this quarter, next morning fell in with Capt. Perry and two schooners he had cap tured—the crews ot boih had escaped in to the woods* A party of men were land ed in pursuit and divided into separate parties—at sundown they returned to the boats except one marine. At daylight a search was made in the woods for the lost man ; some of the men beard the report of a musket, hastened to the spot and lound the marine, with a Spaniard over him and in the act of stabbing him with his bayonet, our mec gave a shout, pre sented their musKets, upon which he drop! his weapon, full on his knees and begged for mercy, promising to f'iiot i(5 ^ rate rendezvous. ; . It appeared the marine after losing n»3 companions the evening before, hrui fal len in with this man, whom He detained all night a« a prisoner. In the morning being anxious to join his comrades, and at the same time in want ot food, be impru dently discharged his musket at a bird, and was immediately attacked by the pi rate and rescued from <Je<db by our sud den appearance. • To-morrow we are off for.Sugua Ie Grande, where Rapbaelini’s squadron are laying, and frolicking away their prize money, said to amount to one hundred and eighty thousand dollars. rI he expe* dition is under Capt. Perry, of the bhark. and consists of one schr. of 80 tons, a prize, one ot 20 tons do. 2 launches, 2 cut ters, I gig; and a piratical boat, carrying in all anout 80 men, well armed, with an 18, 12 and 6 pound carmnade. and 3 one pound swivels, extra muskets, <$*c. &c. FROM MONTEVIDEO. We learn by the ship Ampbion> from , Montevideo, that the soldiers at that place amounting to about 4000, were to be dis banded, with the privileges of remaining! there or returning home in transports which would be provided; their place was to be j supplied by a regiment from Kio Janeiro, j It was in contemplation by the govern ment to put a stop to all trade fmi* the ■ Brazils to .Montevideo, except under the 1 Portuguese flag , A gentleman had arrived at .Montevideo, i who lest Chili about the 20th April. He informed that Lord Cochrane had gone a!-, ter two Spanish frigates, mentioned int Thursday’s Gazette as having been cap-! tured by him, but taking a course to wind-* ward, He missed them ; they took advan-' tage of his absence, and succeeded in capturing a number of Chilian vessels. All was tranquil at Buenos Ayres* Ma ny good and wholesome laws respecting shipping had been adopted, owing princi pally to the influence of our agent, J. M. Forbes, Esq. who continued to enjoy a good understanding with the governments Philadelphia, July 6. FRANKLIN 74. The following ii the concluding ex- j tract of a letter from a young gentle-; man on board this ship* dated Valparai so, March 23, 1822. “ Two days brought us to Valparaiso. From the glowing descriptions which I had previously both read and heard, I expected to find it in every respect su perior to Rio, how great then was my disappointment when first I visited the Chilian town ; its situation is on a fiat sandy beach, scarce raised above the le vel of the sea, and encompassed with mountains ; the houses (but few raising above one story) being built of the coun try brick, and roofed with tiles of the same, give to the whole a dark and drea ry appearance,to which the ill dressed, savage looking mortals who compose the mass of society, contribute their 4iare; droves of mules ladeu with the produce of the surrounding country, raise continual clouds of sand, and the scorching rays of an almost vertical sun render the town truly disagreeable. The neighboring mountains instead of presenting noble views liue inoae a round Rio and at Juan Fernandez, ap pear like one barren heap; but nature in a lavish moment, determined partly to recompence the inhabitants, by for ming one spot which should serve as a retreat from the heat, bustle and noise of the city. With this view, she fixed upon a spot delightful as the moan, and with a bounteous hand, heaped her treasures upon it, and the Garden of Eden appeared, formerly the favorite resort of Lady Cochran, now of the still more beauteous and accomplished >lr8. Stewart.—This spot seems to be the masterpiece of nature in the beauti ful ; after a sight of it, the works of art appear poor and insipid; but as no ade quate idea of it can be formed without actually visiting it, 1 shall not attempt a description. This is the land of religious parade. Forts, fountains, cathedrals, and pub lic buildings are decorated with the im ages of saints, virgins, and crosses - the streets are thronged with monks, priests, and devotees, from the fat friar, with hie goodly round belly and prinee lv clothing, mounted on his ambling nag, and attended by his retinue, to the poor half starved, half clothed mendi cant, who with cap in hand, leaning his exhausted form upon his cross, infests every corner begging charity from each passenger, and every square boasts its cathedral, but these descendants of Old Spian are totally destitute of that pride, austerity and jealousy which have ever been considered as characteristics of ihs nation; and the women of that sweet modesty and chaste reserve which should ever accompany their sex —without which beauty loses half its charms, and love is robbed of all her powers. The men, indolent in their nature, rise from their couches but half refresh ed from the debaucheries of the prece ding night, and hie forth to pursue ei ther their business or pastime as incli nation dictates. The women, free as air, rove from town to country, from country to town, no jealous veil over shades their charms, no wary matron watches or directs their steps, the stea dy gaze of impudence causes not the blush of modesty to mantle their cheeks, but with bold and vulgar assu rance they meet more than midway; vet while I thus describe the bulk, let me pay a just tribute to the chosen few —in beauty, politeness and accomplish ments they vie with my fair Country women—may their inclination and mean ever 'be asariipk as they now are, and may Americans ever be deserving of their kindness/’ CASH. For some time, Spanish dollars had bore a handsome premium, as had also English gold and all other gold. Dol* lar» were 6ent to India, and 6ome to Europe, Doubloons were shipped to the Havana ; other gold, to England. Finally, Exchange on England became so high, that Five Franc pieces, French Crowns, and all other kinde of silver, could with advantage, be sent to the continent of Europe, for the purpose oi buying Exchange on England. These coins were of course either shipped off Or hoarded up as merchan dise, for a premium; but principally sold at a premium and shipped off. Money had been so plenty, that no one dreamed of its being scarce, and no one prepared against a scarcity ; when all at once it was peceived that there were no current coin at all worthy of notice. Hence, the very great scarcity of mo« ney. It was first felt in Nfcw York, where Five Franc pieces had borne the greatest premium. The banks being taken by surprise, and compelled to call in, naturally asked payment where they supposed money could best be comman ded, and this was from the borrowers on the pledge of U. S. bank 6tock. Hence immense sacrifices. That Stock tell to 98£, and many other articles fell also. From this instant, New York began to be relieved ; because all the capital in the Union bent its wsy to that city, seeking a profitable investment amidst the sacrifices there made.—Over $400, 000 were transferred from Boston to New York, to pay tor U. o. Dank Stocks ; over JJ20(T»000 to pay for Spa nish dollars ; over D300,000 to pay for Exchange on London ; and over U300, 000 to pay for other Stocks and pro perty. This created a balance against Boston, and Z)4oo,booiu specie were ta ken from us by the New York Banks, at a time when (from the causes descri bed in the beginning of these remarks) we had very little specie. lienee the scarcity of money in Bo» ton. In the beginning of June, the spe cie in all our banks was reduced to /> 132,ooo; and the pressure was very great. But great as it was, the 6uina wanted, although wanted very much, were not large.— Specie has been ever since flowing in. Even Spanish dollars have been deposited in our banks at par_Very few new contracts have been made. Our banks begin to dis count pretty freely all the very good paper that is oifered to them. Notone failure has taken place this week, ex cept a very small dealer and one more house that fell in consequence of pre vious failures.—And we may calculate, with some degree of safety, that we have passed over the pressure, and that money will be very readily obtainable, within a month, and continue so. This very day I obtained a fair sum, at se ven per cent, for a year. The fact is, that in a wealthy commu nity like this, a great pressure must be temporary, and has a tendency to pro duce acorresponding abundance ofcash. Daily Ad~j, From the Dublin Evening Post. THE TURKS AND RUSSIANS. Upon this subject I'he British Monitor, makes the fallowing observations. The Monitor was, till lately, the property ot Mr. GoldsmiJt, well known in the history of Continental Politics, and who is now an occasional contributor to that paper. “ Our readers will recollect that seve ral weeks before the news of the insurrec tion of the Greeks was received in this country, and a! the time the Russian em« peror was at Troppau and Laybach, pro mising his Imperial Brother of Austria to assist him in putting down the'revolutions in Italy, we stated, on the highest authori ty, ‘that the Russian emperor would not send a single man to Italy, but that he was organizing an army for the invasion of Turkey.* If we, as private individuals, were put in possession ol these facts* sure ly those governments who pin their faith, on the pacific disposition of the emperor Alexander, ought also to have been ac quainted with them. We have no ambas sador, nor secret agents, and surely no secret service money, but it is natural to infer that governments which possess these means, should have known what was pas sing in the Russian Bureaux ? If they did not possess this intormation, they should have made further inquiries of those who had it. We* therefore, infer that the me diating governments have been either strangely ar.d unaccountably mystified themselves, or, to cover their own impo tence to curb Russian ambition, have preached up the pacific dispositions of Russia. Then followed the Greek Insur rection. This we said confirmed our for mer opinions respecting the meditated in vasion of Turkey by Russia ; but Alex ander publicly declared to the world ‘ that he discountenanced that insurrection, as it was a part of that dangerous system ol innovation in Spain and Italy against which he was then contending,’ (in words and paper). We said that the Greek insur reciion was the work of Russia Howev er our noble Secretary of State for For eign Affairs, would not believe us (natu rally enough) but fully relied on the assu rance of the Emperor Alexander. From that period to tire present hour the con duct of Russia was openly hostile to the Turks. Her Ambassador Strogonoff, stole off from Constantinople, on which the Ja nissaries revolted—at whose instigation ie well known. The war declar’d by Per sia against Turkey came next- It did not require much sagacity to see who excited j it! Still there was no end to the Diploma-1 tic mystification of ncgotiatioc?, ultima- ■ lurpfc, mediations, rcfaeticei. codW*^ and (he like stuff. Now, all these **1' ciations, $c. would never have talced t,?0 • bad the weather permitted the ftn armies to march—lor, bad there frost it was the intention of Alexander have taken bis Christmas dinner m/,? Seraglio, and bis supper in the Ha?#*? Bui the werther was unfavorable and ? Imperial Majesty amused bis Imperial^* Royal Confreres, ».ilb Beeociatj,,n, ^ matums, &c. #c. Now, however th the weather is become favorable fir Russian! to inarch, the negociatir os a laughed at, and the poor Turks arcM ot intemperance insolence, &c. q0(j rejecting the mild offers ot Russia, Tk reminds us of one of the lables of LaFoV taine, in which the various animals a* described as tearing a poor patient ass !* pieces tor eating cabbages!! That th° Ottaman Government should be irritate against the mediating powers, is not t0 h? wondered at, as they appeared to hat, been urging the Porte to accede to the demands of Russia, merely because ttar are not in meture to check the ambiij<L views of Hu$9ia. 'J here mediating Fovr. ers should have addressed themselves t»» Russia, and not to the Porte. It ifo ‘ Powers bad armed by sea and by |aDj when Russia, last summer wai manifest! ing hostile designs against Turkey, ij.J blow might have been averted, No* it is too late. The consequences ol tins WJr are easily foreseen. It will be the inter, est ol Prussia and France to co-operate with Russia ; as to Austria she would wil ling do so, it Russia would take her into this new partnership, where the balance of profit will be made at the expense offo balance of power. The treaty between tliu country 4* Denmaik will tell well, and it is tvident that our information or. that subject was correct, as accounts from that coui try positively say that the fortifications of the Sound, and the adjacent islands are being put in a state ot defence. But all this will not prevent the Russians goir^ to Constantinople—this we stated in t}* British Monitor already, in Feb’y, 1021!!: — consequently our reasoning is not like that of the Seven Penny Statesman of the London Press, which is always a posterio ri : —that mode of reasoning is within Ife* reach of any one. If the public are satis fied with such sort of political Oracles, a la bonheur! we have no inclination’|<> thwart ‘ the pleasures ol gentle dulners/ And to shew the want of ordinary iofoi* mation on the part of our Newspaper Ed itors, none of them knew of tbe arrival f.f the gentleman attached to our embassy at Vienna ! ! ‘oome oi our quid nuncs, with touch gravi:y, afk where Russia is to pet the money to go to war ? We answer, that she raised a loan in this country ; consequent ly John Ox has supplied her with means. “The Russian war will lead toimpor tant results. It will be, as we often said the signal for revolt in most ol the conti nental states. In Italy every thing: is pre pared , and, indeed, we are in possessitn of a copy of an energetic manifesto ad* dressed to the Italian Patriots, inviting them to shake oft the yoke of Bonaparte*? father-inlaw and his ex-accomplice! VVe shall, in our next, give an extract from this manifesto, We cannot, however, re train from expressing our surprise (bat the so-called liberals of Europe, who are ail become the partisans of Russia in the pre sent contest, do not see that Russia mar and will eventually introduce ami liberal ism in the civilized states of Europe, by means of her Calraucs, Cossacks, and Bashkirs. ” U. S. SHIP FRANKLIN. The Franklin was to sail for Callao a* bout the middle of April. The Dolphin had gone to look for the Constellation. On the passage out, the following acci dents occurred on board the Franklin Robert Manning was killed by a fall from the main top; Tunis Hansom killed by the fall of a block ; and Wm. Russell was kil led by a fall from the fore-topsaii yard.— In going out of 7?io Janeiro, David Rains, boatswain’s mate, fell from the bumpkin, and was killed. The following is an extract from the in troductory part of the Rev. Mr. Andrew: discourse or. the occasion of the melancho ly loss of her boat’s crew, as detailed ,,f yesterday’s paper, ** Who ol the smi? of wmn can penetrate the veil.of luturity! Who amongst lb sous of men can boastof to‘morrow, crle wbai a dreadful catastrophe a day l hour inay bring forth ! In a lit)'8 ,4-( 1 than the short period of two setting suns after we last assembled together_to jorn in worshipping the Lord God Almighty, ^ nnd Governor of the universe and lb*1 of our existence, in whom we *,n.d move and have our being, in whose 1 our breath fa, and whose are all our j a most distressing and calamitous ^ has occurred, which calls upon us * our most serious reflection aad rnusw In the fulness of vigor, and tbe lion. liarity and sprightliness ot youth— lous of attaining to eminence in Ihetrj fession,aod with hopes and pro-cPeC* ^ doubt of their future days bring cr0 .. with glory and honor, several ol ()*,r ^ mates, companions and friends who ^ then with us, hfive sudden!? gulphed in a watery grave, and which then knew them, will know t more !—-Inadequate to the task 01 y traying their characters iD a nJ*nn of would be either satisfactory to ivy to you, 1 will be content with °J vcr. that science has lost one ol her Pe' i • » a . , an'J eui ing ’cud indefatigab/e votaH«s* rin,t. country’s navy some of her m°51 zeJ. ing sons. If strength of mind? an (i, lous endeavor to cultivate and ,fTH fa. if propriety of conduct *nJ duti«5. portment in the cjieeuUvfl of »"_ ^y| vf will justify the assertion—t‘,e lT, Vjjeif Jimei ica zvill hart: cause to f/iourn *^ best Eulogy is ibe good n^*/!*./ ielt behind them—and I trust tjj^.^ will lent qualities and amiable dt*l - jQ fe be appreciated by all, onu be _ ]( membrauce by i.s as long aS ni * /, • mains or cur Jives are cai)lmye