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Alexandria gazette & advertiser. [volume] (Alexandria [D.C.]) 1822-1824, January 21, 1823, Image 2

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' GAZETTE- ■
' v I
AND
ADVERTISER.
rubuikuco os
‘Tu**dnyJ, Thitrvi.tyi, and Saturdays*
EYSAMUEL SNOWDEN,*
ROYAL-STREET, ALEXANDRIA.
\l' $0 PER ANNUM.
TUESDAY MOKNINO, JAN.gl.
• <»Sidnev“ is received, and will be at
• leaded to.
To the Editor of the Alexandria Gazette,
Sia,—The subsidence ol party spirit
in this country produced in it, among oth
er pleasing results, a general disposition
to do justice to tbe merits of our great
o;en While their service* 10 the revolu
tionary war, in forming the constitution,
an I in the administration ol our affairs,
w^re gratefully acknowledged ; fire ex
cesses or the intrigues into which some
ot them had been occasionally betrayed,
w»-re fo'giveo or lorgottrn. That happy
d iv seemed to have arrived, when all per
»< ns were willing to consider the glory of
llo»«e illustrious individuals as the common
property of the nati >«, and to regard them
ra'her as worthip- who bad V,,e honor to
the American character than as members
ot a party. Ol these, Mr. Jefferson, is
c*r»aiuly among the most distinguished,
both as a patriot and a partisan; and tbo’
there have been «ome things in bis life,
which the moct charitable opponent can
not easily pardon, lew have partaken more
. largely of this amnesty." That it should
be violated is matter of regfc*t lo all think
ing men—hat Mr. Jefferson should be a
inong the first and fiercest to renew the
war deepens this regret, and prompts in
quiry into the motive
His letter to Mr. Barry, dated IMonti
cello, July 2d, 1822, which has been cir
culated in the newspapers is fitted to do
all the mischief which can flow trom er
rors that are sanctioned by a celebrated
name. Bes'de its tendency to render the
constitution unpopular, its purpose obvi
ously is to revive party spirit, and to bring
the Supreme Court into suspicion. How
far this enterprise consists with patriotism,
let good men say ; how far it will increase
the reputation of its author, is a question
which, though not vital, is of considera
ble importance The enterprise is not,
indeed fully developed ; but in its pre
sent immaturity seems little adapted to the
wisdom and sanctity of a political patri
arch, lor whom bis admirers have antici
pated the rites of canonization. The dis
claimer of any extraordinary merit in the
cause of Independence, which introduces
the letter, was probably intended as a mo
dest offset to the ingenuous egotism which
but lately boasted, Miat it bad made the
first breach in the federal phalanx. In
the account subsequently given of the pre
sent reconciliation of parties, the venera
ble writer *eems more desirous of exercis
ing himselt in the common places of the
military vocabulaiy, than ot portraying
fainy tbe nature and circumstance* nf ifcai
reconciliation. “ Whether the surrenderor
our opponents, their reception into our
camp, their assumption of our name, and
UPpalCUl IU UUI UUJCCI-J, inn;
strengthen or weaken the genuine princi
ples ot republicanism, may be a good or
an evil, is yet to be seen.” The exact
construction of this sentence may do cre
dit to the most expert rhetorician; its as
sertions will startle toe most ignorant cre
dulity. hut Mr Jefferson has the fame fc the
ambition of an author; & authors sometimes
sacrifice a fact for a period Without ever
having been a Federalist, in tbe prac
tical party sense of the word; 1 am
bound in candor to deny these assertions,
and the common sen.-** of every reader
will support ine in the denial. Who
doi s not know that the leading doctrines
of the federalists of this day are the same
which they have foimtrly possessed, and
also that they characterise the policy of
the present administration? Will any mo
ralist then be so uucandid as to accuse this
party ot inconsistency, because the best
and wisest of them practise the maxim,
which their Venera l d nome* r has often
preached “.Measure® not men' * VVhJ:
college Freshman is so illogical as to inler
a ch mge of doctrine on one side because
tbe same doctrine is adopted by tbe o
ther? There are. it is true, some tederat
zealots who madden at the recollection ol
lost power, and desire its recovery more
earnestly than the weltare of the republic
Such men would willingly *vak* o faction
from her blessed sleep. I am sorry that their
once mighty antagonist has, hi his own
conduct, ,furnished them with a precedent.
The oiacular darkness ol the closing sug
gestioo in tbe passage which I have cited,
is tbe proper drapery ot au invitation to
ammosity and tumult.
In tbe panegyric on tbe Whig and Tory
parties, Sir. Jefferson insinuates that in
every stale a portion of its citizens should
be educated in arbitrary principles, in or
der to rouder popular those ot an opposite
character. However honest men may con
sent .to sacrifice their wealth ot tbeir lives
ou the altar of their country, they would
not voluntarily sacrifice their reputa'ion;
and, by professing slavish doctrines, be
come negative illustration* of tbe excel
lence ol freedom. The epithet of Tory
lias always been a favoiite watch word
with Mr. Jefferson, and he has been libe
ral in his applications .of it- It carries an
idea, however, so unpleasant to the gen
tlemen ol this couutry. that Mr. Wood’s
case is far trom being the only instance n
w hich tbe £x President has bad the mag
nanimity or the prudence to retract it Tbe
effect of such palinodes is not equivocal :
for it is a maxim in morals that no man
stands quite so fairly after a recantation,
as he did before tbe offence which occa
sioned it.
Tbe improvement in our Judiciary ad
▼i«e1 in the letter, is a tine example of
wnai baa been called political cant. Our
wisest statesmen ot both parties have
deemed the official permanence of the
judges to be as essential to their indepen
dence, a* tbeir-mdependence was essential
to« the purity o< our institutions, Tbeir
incapacity or corruption i« pantjhabia by
impeachment; am) thus while the consti
tution enables them to do right, it deter?
them from doing wrong. It was, proba
bfy. Mr. tyuuvcy’s wild arraignment of Mr.
letlerson, which ha> rendered this veteran
statesman so contemptuous of impeach
ment, as to say “that it is not even a
i scare-crow. ” But philosophy ought to
fnv«- withheld him trom erecting a theory
oo one or a tew isolased examples, and pru
dence might have warned him that, should
this jacobin logic he adopted, his reputation
might he tested by bis letter to Mr. Barry.
On the new suggestion, every mischief
which was apprehended and averted must
arrive; forth-judges cannot be indepen
dent, if the government acquire the right o!
removing them after every brief interval o!
four or 9ix years. It is difficult to imagine
why this experiment is proposed, on e»s
because the British judge? hold their offices
during life. Yet Air. Jefferson is some
times ready to derive authority from Lo
p-land. thp Pt'iieral obiect ot his bitter and
blind animosity. He recommends that in
imitation of tbe* British law, our judges
should be removed on tbe application ol
both houses Tbe difficulty in this imita
tion is the want of an original; lor the sta
tutesof 13 W 3 and I Geo 3, only make
tbe removal ol the judges lawful, (not ne
cessary) on the application ol parliament, j
This provision, in tact, is nothing more j
tbau our own law of impeachment, with i
the difference, that in England tbe ques
tion ot removal is decided by tbe King,
and in this country by the Senate.
The attack on the Supreme Court, how
ever gratuitous, is quite natural. He who
could by implication recommend the im
peachment of Chief Justice Marshal), may
be permitted to denounce, in gross, the
decisions in which that w ise and vir uous
man has borne so couspicuuus a part.—
However judicious it is, in general, not to
attempt any thing like proof of a doctrine
whose only strength lies in the assertion,,
we expect some appearance of argument
when >> e are told that (he last determina
tion ol our rights is entrusted to a corrupt
and despotick tribunal. In exposing as
absurd, tbe notion that there- should be
public functionaries in a tree stale inde
pendent of the people, Mr. Jefferson
i makes a remain noth true anu unneccssa
! ry. No mao io Ins senses ever contended
i that the American Judges ought to be io
; dependent ol the people , but the true re
publican doctrine is that the judges should ;
be independent of the Executive and the
Legislature. The people is the bright and
ruling sun, around which these delegated
authorities are revolving planets. They
move in distinct orbits; their reciprocal
attraction is limited by 6xed laws, & one is
never powerlql enough to absorb the rest
It is Sir, with the emotion which the er
rors ot an illustrious man naturally excites
that 1 bave adverted lu this letter. If its
author designed it as an appe*! to e!dr or
as the source oi new animosities, and (ell
alive to the vanity of reviving (he unilate
ral principles which be had originated, be
disregards the decorums of his retirement,
and hi- duties as a citizen. There are emi
nent men in this country, whose conduct af
lord* a bad example, but it can be no au
thority to any imitator, (ar les* to Mr.
J t* • r)p f fWoov oombm« ck
meuts or taction let one Adauis Oil
'he newspapers with the driveilings of a
petulant doage;—let another Adams
write bloated orations, in the spirit ot a
demegogue. and Letters on Etiquette, in
the spirit of a dancing master ;—but let
no effort untriendly to public tranquility
and morals tarnish the declining age «d
Mr. Jefferson. I'he appellation of ii’Sagc"
ha9 1 wen bestowed on him. Lei him give
the public no reason to doubt whether it
is the tribute of eulogy or satire.
CLARENDON.
Washington Jan 18.—In the Senate,
the bill to abolish imprisonment tor debt
continues to be the prominent subject of
discussion. No question has yet boen
taken on the main principle, or any of the
incidental propo-itions , and of course no
decisive opinion can be formed of the late,
ol the measuie in that body. Nor can
any satisfactory indications ot the is>ue be
gathered trom the course of the discussion,
a* both sides ot the question are main*
tained with great ability ; though the ad
vocates of the bill have* so far, outnum->
bered its opponents. 'I'he interest ol the
subject, and the talents engaged in the
debate, have attracted to the Senate crow-.
ded auditories for several days.
In the House of Representatives, the j
day was so far consumed yesterday on
the bill concerning the United States’
Courts in Louisiana, that the considera
tion ot the details ol the bill for further
regulating the collection ol the duties on
imports was not resumed* That bill, how
ever, seerns to have seriously engaged the
attention of the House; and, it we may
judge Irom present indications, there as no
doubt it will pas* the House, without ma
terial amendment, in the form in which it
was reported by the Committee of Ways
and Means. This, we believe, will be a
greeable information to the respectable
mercantile community, at the same time
that, if matured into a iaw, the bill will
prove advantageous to the levenue, by
fencing the laws lor its collection with su
rer guards. --
The London Globe, of Nov 23, and the
Star ot the 25th. contain the following
obituary: "Death—On the 27th oil. on
board the ship Moss, on his passage Irom
Philadelphia to this country, the Hon.
WILLIAM LOWNDES, Member of Con
gress from S Carolina * --Mr. Lowndes
accompanied by his lady and daughter
sailed Irom New Castle, in a very teebli
state of health, on the 21st of Oct »
must therefore have expireJ a tew da/s
alter leaving his native shores. The slip
arrived at Deal in 23 days passage
NEW JERSEY CANAL,
General Switt and Col. Renwick, Wve
rep uted to the Canal Commissioner, at
Morristown, that the plan of unitingibe
Delaware & Hudson by the MusconetJ>ng
and Passiac rivers, may be accomplfaed
without serious obstacles, that its couple*
tion would be attended with immen?! ad
vantage to the iron works in New J#aey,
and supply the cdy of New York with
goal irom the miaesjof the Lehigh rferin
I
PenDttJvawa, aU P«<** ■ H would
also furoi9iit.be iti^eny — Hast Jerse v
with a more rely conveyance of tbei
agricultural proccts to the New lor*
market. '
On the 5fh instthe wifeot Dani6l Stod
dard, of Haula<, Vermont, presented
him wjjh three fie chiidien, me son ami
two daughters, vfigbing togetber-a-quar*•
ter of a hundred ,
The New Yor; papers announce ano
ther regular Imeat Packets, to be estab
lished between aat city and Havie-de*
Grace, France , to sail monthly from
each place, on ll£ first day of the month.
We learn, (s*s the New York Gaz)
from a triend wb arrived in the dames
Monroe, that hi Exc llenc) M. Zea, the
Colombian Miniter, died at t heltenham
about the 1st of ►ecenm er, whither he had
gone for the beiefit »»t bis health, which
bad been very lad for a considerabe tiuie.
From the N. Y.Commercial Adv. Jan. 16.
FRCM BERMUDA.
We have reccved this morning, by the
British Packet.Marquis of Salisbury, Ber
muda papers U the 4th inst. 1 he Mar*
quis of Salisbury bring? Londtii advices no
later than the 13tb November. A large
portion of the Bermuda paper before us,
is occupied bs a Report ot a Committee
of ihe House c? Assembly of Jamaica, on
(he subject ottbe distresses under which
the planters ft present labor from the op
pressive taiution’and exactions to which
the oroduceof their enterprize and indus
try has beei subjected by the British gov
ernment.—An Address has been made to
the King u|on the subject, which is able,
concise, anC bold.
Extract of q)tiler, dated St. Johns, (Por
to Rico.) Dec It.
‘ The (ri^pte Congress bailed from here
yesterday—her eirand was the same as
that of the oher two vessels of war. As j
the Congiesj went out ot port, an Ameri
can ship ^supposed the Budget, of Balti
more,) came in, prize to one ot the priva
teers of this place; she was bound, 11 have
understood, |rom London to La Guira,
with munitons of war ——The Congress
sent in her boat to ascertain the natuie
and circumstances of the capture, and re
mained off the port all the morning, with
a signal for a pilot—but they have refused
going out This afternoon she has made
sail to leeward.”
Translated Jrom the Oaxcta de Rio °J the
26th November,
BAT.
OFFICIAL ARTICLE.
While this paper was at the press, we
were obliged to suspend it in order to insert
!he following news, in lieu of other arti
The Lusitanos neing entirely confined
in the city of Bay, reduced to the great
est misery fur waut of provisions; and un
able to cross the lines, determined to
make a sally with the strongest people of
their forces.
On the night ot the 7th November, a
OO'ijr ol 3l)U0 Lusitanos marched with the
view ot piercing into Caxoeira nr Santo
Amara, add to Cross fliiough Cabri.o —
This force was divided into three columns,
one ot which was composed of sailors, and
landing troops under the command of John
Felix Pereira de Campos.
The plan of the enemy was, that two
columns should attack the Brazilian troops
•irrOrbrito, and the other under John Fe
lix, was to intercept the retreat.
Our troops stationed in Cabrito being
unexpectedly assailed, and tearing that
the retreat migi be cut off nMrcbed slow
ly, and with the greatest harmony, towards
Pireja, four leagues distant, keeping up;
however, a constant fire upon the Lusita
nos, who resolved to take Pireja, but their
expectations were completely Irusliated,
for ha\ig attacked three times, they were
asolten repulsed- Their chief, Madeira,
having at last lost all hopes, shamefully a
band ined the tieici the 8th, at nine o’clock
at night with a loss of two pieces ol artil
lery ,.200 wounded and an unknown num
ber ot dead.
Our troops be,mg now masters of the
held, again advanced and took possession
of their former stations near the city, where
they now remain with the greatest enlbusi
asm, wailing for new troops, which are to
be united with them in order to attack it
—the enemy is entirely shut up in the city
and obliged to be constantly under arms.
This action, not only depressed and dis
couraged the Portuguese, but it set belore
their eyes the bravery of their ei.emy, aud
the weakness of their people.
VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE,
Richmond, Jan. 17 —Yesterday the
tIou«e ot Delegate* were principally en
gaged on tbe bill ‘ fixing tbe pay and mile
age ot tbe members and officers of the
lieaeral A*sembly,”
The bill as reported by the committee
allows 3 dollars a day, and eight cents a
m U, ire ire.
Mr. Barbour moved to postpone the i
whole subject to the 31st March—Lost,
ayes 69, noes 131.
On Mr. Carter’s motion the bill was jo
amended as to allow 15 cei?»s per mile
Mr George moved to add a clause re
ducing also tbe pay ot certain executive
officers; viz the members ot the council,
auditor, treasurer, register* and attorney
gfeoeral- last, ayes 53. noes 137.
Mr Jones ol York, moved a substitute
to the bill, which proposed to allow tor all
future sessions four dollars a day. fora
term not exceeding sixty days. On Mr.
Dodridge’s motion, the substitute was a*
mended so as to allow 2 dollars a day lor
every day beyond 60
Ou taking the question on the substitute
thus amended, it was rejected ; ayes 8It
noes 113.
After which the house adjourned,
Richmond, Jan. 18.—Yesterday, tbe
House ol Delegates were again employed
on the Compensation Mill, Various amend
ments were proposed to it; but uone of
them prevailed The ayes and noes were
taken not less than si* times, Finally to
gel rid ol further propositions, the previ
ous question was called lor, which was
9'jppoiied, by the hou-e. The main «]ufs
tion was then pul, shall the bill be en*
crossed and read a third lime? aud carried,
ayes 134, noes 58. The bill, as it now
reduces the dally compensation ol
he members to 3 dollars ; and the mile
aee to 15 cents a mile. .
I he Kentucky Bill was again before the
seinteyesterday Mr. Chapman Johnson
.addiessed them at great length in lavur ol
the guarantee—no question was taken.
Congress oj the United States*
seventeenth congress iu SESSION.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1823.
IN SENATE.
Mr. Smith, of Md. commuieated to
the Senate the preamble and resolu
tion* adopted by the Legislature ot Ma
ryland, [heretofore published at large,
in the proceeding* of the House of Rep
resentative*,] approving the general
policy of the Federal Government, in
relation to the defence* of the nation,
the increase of the navy, &cc. 1 he re
solutions were read, and laid on ihe ta
ble.
Mr. Lowrie, from the Committee
of Finance, to whom had been referred
the bill* from the other House, respec
ting the further regulation of the eu
try of merchandize, and to make per
petual the act of 1817, which continued
in force the act of 1815, respecting the
collection of duties on imports, report,
ed the same—the latter without, and
the former wiih an amendment.
The Senate then proceeded to the
appointment of a Select Committee,
for the reference of Mr. Taylor’s pro
posed amendment to the Constitution ;
and Messrs. Taylor, of Va. King, of N
Y. Macon,Dickerson, and Smiih, ot S.
C. were appointed the committee.
The Senate took up the resolution
offered yesterday by Mr. Johnson, of
Louisiana, proposing an inquiry into
the expediency of so amending the act
establishing a territorial government
in Florida, as better to secure the rights
of the people thereof.
In submitting this resolution yester
day, Mr. J ouserved, that the commit
tee on the Judiciary had been instruct
ed, a few days ago, at his instance, to
inquire into the propriety ot modifying
the act o the last session, providing tor
the establishment of a territorial go
vernment in Florida, so as to grant the
right of appeal to the Supreme Court
of the United States, in certain cases
but he had since been apprized ot the
necessity of several material amend
ments to the said act, in relation to oth
er subjects With the view, therefore,
of referring them generally to the com
mittee, he had offered the resolution.
The resolution was adopted.
The Senate then resumed, in com.
inittoe of the whole, the cons.deration
of the bill to abolish imprisonment for
debt, under process from the U. States
courts— Mr Smith, of Md. in the chair.
Some debate ensued, and several a
meudiuenta were offered, and ordered
to be printed.
The bill wag then, on motion of Mr.
Barbeut, postponed till to-inorrow.
The Senate then spent a short time
in the consideration of Executive busi
ness, and then adjourned.
HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr Kent, from the coinmuteeon the
District of Columbia, reported •* a bill
to alter the times of holding the circuit
court* for the District of Columbia,
and for other purpose*which bill'
was twice read and committed.
AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION,
Mr. Reid, of Georgia, rose, and said
that the bill providing for the execu
tion of certain surveys, and for the col
lection of topographical information,
with a view lo a system of internal im
provements, was yesterday ordered to
lie upon the table, by a vote of this
house. I was, said he, one of the com
mittee by whom that bill was reported,
and, although quite willing to afford
the Honourable Chairman of the com
mittee an opportunity la make an ex
periment, the measure did not altogeth
er nfeet iny approbation. My objec
tions to the bill are not to be found,
however, in const.tutional scruples. 1
believe that Congress does possess
the power to establish road* and con
struct canal*. But, 1 am aware, that
there is much diversity of opinion up
on the subject. A large portion of the
people entertain the opinion that we
have not the power, and the Chief Ma
gistrate has recently expressed his con
victions to the like effect Under these
conflicting sentiments, 1 do not believe
that any system of internal improve
ment, however well devised by Con
gress, would be efficient, became eon
cert and harmony are necessary to its
prosperity. It would seem therefore,
that our first step should be a settle
tlement of this question. This can on
ly be done by an amendment of the
constitution, which shall give to Con
gress the power alluded to, in terms so
explicit, as to preclude all dispute.
Such an amendment is now offered,
viz:
Resolved, two thirds of both houses concur
ring, That the following amendment to the
constitution of the United States, be proposed
to the Legislatures of the several states, which
wbea ratified by the Legislatures of three
fourths of the states, shall be valid, to all intents
and purposes, as part of the said constitution,
to wit:
«• Congress shall have power to establish and
construct roads and canals.”
j» •
Thil jqint resolution received its fiut
reading, and lies on the table.
On u.oliou of Mr. Hernandez, it
eras
Rcsolvtd, That the committee on the Judi.
ciary be directed to inquire imp the expediency
af altering and amending an act, entitled “ an
irt lor a^co taming claims and titles to lands
within the territory of Florida,” passed the blh
day of May, 1812.
Ou motion of Mr. Hernandez, it wag
also x
Resolved, That the committee on Com
merce ue ir.*tmcted toinquiie into the expedi.
ency of electing alight house at the entrance
of the putt ol Pensacola, in the tenitory of
Florida.
The Speaker communicated to the
House a leiter from the Secretary of
the Treasury, transmitting a list ol ti e
name* of the several person* employ
ed a* clerks in the several office* of the
Treasury Depurtment, in the year
1822, with the coxtipensaiion of each ;
which were ordered to Ur on ttrtT table.
Tue engrossed bill, entitled, •• an act
in addition to an act for, the more
prompt settlement of he public ac
count*, and lor the pnnithmert of the
crime of perjury,” v.a* read a Hurd
time, passed, and sent to the Senate tor
concurrence.
COLLECTION OF IMPOSTS.
On motion of Air. An Lane, the
House proceeoed. in committee of He
whole, Mr William*, ot N. C in the
chair, to consider the bill “ supplemen
tary to, and to amend an act, entitled
‘An act to icgula’e the collection of
the autiee on imports and tonnage.'
passed - he 2d ot Alauli, 1799, and to
repeal an act snppiemei tary thereto,
passed 20ih April, Iblb, anu hr other
pui pose*.”
[This bill is very long. See. 1 provide* that
from anu aftei the Cd iVareh.no goods si. Kject
to a«i valorem duty shad he admitted to entry
unless the true invoice ol the same ptesent
ed t» the collector a' the f.ir.e u. entry, oi i «.
less the same he admitted m tnc mode aulhoii
zed and p.escribed in the next (nailing section
ol this act.
S>ec. l. Provides that when no invoice of
such goods have been received, It.eowiiet, &c.
shall make oath theieol, and the Secretary ot
the Treasury shall be a: thoiizcd to cause them
lobe appraised—the ovvnet to give Lonu to
produce the invoice within eight months if
from European port*, and filLcn months, if
from beyond the Cape of Good Hope or Car*
Horn, or from the Cape of Good Hope.
Sec. 8. Directs that, wheic goods are not
cnteied in pursuance of this or any other reve
nue act, the same shall be deposited in the pub
lic warehouse. After remaining in the v.are.
housefot eight or fifteen months, a* the iase
may be, the said goods to be sold. 2vc. 1'ensh
able articles to be exposed to earlier sale, if tie.
cessary.
Sec. 4. Prescribes the oaths, in cases of
goods entered by invoice, to he taken by the
owneis, importers, consignees, oi agents
Sec. 5. Presetibes the manner in which the
ad valorem rates of duty upon goods shall be
estimated, viz : bv adding to the actual costa
ot all charges, except commissions, outside
packages and insurance, and also 20 per ctnt.
on the said costs, icc. if imported from or be
yond the Cap**.
Sate. 6. Provides that no goods subject to ad
valorem dutv, belonging to residents, but not
at the pi ace where the same aie intended to te
entered, shall be admitted to eotry, umess
bond be given to produce to the Collector with
in four months, the invoice, duly v elided by
the owners’ oath.
Sec. 7. Provides tAat no goods impoited and
belonging to non-residents, shall be admitted
to entry unless the invoice be verified by the
oath of the owner to his ownership and to the
actual cost ot the goods.
The bill contains in all thirty-seven section*
of minute detail, of which the piecedingsynop.
sis of seven of them may give an idea 1 be a;.
praisers are to continue to be appointed as now
provided bv law, The occasional apprai-ei*
are to be slowed five dollars per day, and to
be fined fifty for each refusal to act. A third
disinterested person may be called in to join
the appraisers where a first appraisement shall
nut be satisfactory, &c. fctc.J
On motion of Mr Gorham, the MM
was amended so as to extend the time
allowed for voyage* beyond the Cape of
Good Hope or Cape Horn, or from the
Cape of Good h*0pe, from
months, as it stood in the bill, to eigh
teen months.
Several other amendments were
made to the details of the bill, on motion
of Mr. Me Lane.
Two memorials were preecntcd-~
from New York and Salem, Mass.—fi*
vorable to the passage of the bill.
The most important amendment pro
posed, seemed to be that proposed by
Air Ingham, to substitute tho current
value at the ports whence shipped, tut
the cost or actual value as the basis
on which to estimate the duties oo
goods paying ad valorem duties.
This amendment, however, in tl.o
end was negatived.
After some further time spent on the
bill, the committee rose ;
And the House adjourned.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 1523,
IN SENATE.
Mr. Smith, of Maryland, submitted
the following resolution for considera
tion:
Resolved, That the committee °"
Affairs be instructed to inquire i"to r'e • ”
diency ot making appropriations lor t e ei <
ing ot fortifications on bt. Mary s over, w
the month of the Potomac, and on a point "i
in the mouth of the Patuxent.
The Senate resumed the consider*
tioD, in committee of the whole.
Smith, of Md. in the chair, of the m
to abolish imprisonment for debt, an
the amendments offered thereto.
Mr. Mills, of Mass, rose, and entered
at large into the question* f.re*e»
by the subject—submitting the resins
why he could not go, snd argument* *

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