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THE GAZETTE AMD A D F H RTI S'EB,' rUILIIHIO BIT SAMUEL SNOWDEN, CotSIU Of (IHO A*» lwVALJTttTJ| ^ALEXANDRIA, At five dollars peraonem._ TSishteenth Congress. IN SEN ATE.-February 5. Mr. Findlay laid on the table a reso lution of the Legislature of Pennsylve ilia, instructing their Seoator*. aod re guesting their Representatives,m Con cress to use their efforts to obtaio such l revision of the existing Tariff, as will teod to encourage the domestic tnanu faetures of the country. • , r 1 . >lr. Hsyne presented the memorial of the Ohunber of Com tierce of Charles ton, S. C. praying the esiablishmeot of An uniform system of bankruptcy. Re ferred to the Committee on the Judioi ^^’he bill from the other House, to ex tend the time for the settlement ot pn vate land claims in the territory of * lo rida. was read the third time,as amend ed in the Senate, and passed. Mr. Noble submitted a resolution of the Legislature of Indiana, instructing the Delegates in Coogisss from that state to use their exertions to procure the location of the road from the Ohio river, to the Mississippi, for which sur veys were made, uoder the authority of Congress, some years since. This resolution was referred to the select committee on roads aod canals. The Senate proceeded to consider the report of the Committee on Public Lends, unfavorable to the petition of Andrew Henshaw. This petitioner claims of the Government ^V30 82, lor surveying performed by him as deputy under a surveyor of the United States’ lands south of Tennessee. He bad, ac cording to custom, given to the Sur veyor his receipt for this amount,(with out, id fact, receiving the money,) in order that the papers might be for warded to the General Laod Office.— Jn the mean while, the Surveyor died,. And at the time of his decease, tris in arrears to the government. The depu ty Surveyor now prtiys that he may be paid for (us services. The report was opposed by Messrs. King, ol Alabama, •od Kelly, and supported by Messrs. Eaton and Bartno. A motion, by Mr. Kiog, to reverse the report, was lost; end, on motion of Mr. King, tho peti tioner had leave to withdrew tafis pe P6™’ . # t,. _ iW. UQ UlUllUH Ul mi. - ~ hi io committee of the whole, Mr. Kug 'ie* in theebeir, took up for coo. •ideretion the bill to authorise the ma king of • military road from Fort St. Philip, on the Mississippi, to the English Turn, as an auxiliary Co the defence of New Orleans. Mr. Jackson said, that, as it wasob j acted to this bill, when it was before under discussion, that it involved the question of the constitutional power of Congress to make roads, he was, there* fore, about to propose an amendment which would obviate that objection.— lie believed that the right of Congress to make roads upon its own lands, for military purposes, could hardly be doubted. It was as evident as the ri -ht of any individual to dispose of his property for hi# own purposes. Mr. J. then submitted an amendment, propo sing to limit the road to Johnson’s plan tation. instead of extending it to the English Turn; thus confining it to the lands owned by the United States. The bill was then, on motion of Mr. Holmes,of Maine, postponed, and made the order of the day for to morrow. The Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The House then again resolved into a committee of the whole, Mr. Foot iD the ehair, on the bill for obtaining the necessary surveys, estimatss, &.c. lor T ad* and canals. Mr. McDuffie coecluded the speech which he commenced yesterday in sup port of the bill. Mr. Spaight, of Md. then apoke in opposition to the bill. Mr. Reynolds, of Tennessee, deliver ed his sentiments io favor of the pas sage of the bill. Mr. P. P Barbour then moved to strike out the enacting clause of the bill. Mr. Trimble suggested that, as the House was very thin, end some mem bers absent, who probably desired to speak on the subject, it would be pro per to have time allowed for a call of the House before the subject was final ly acted upon. ' A motion being made that the com mittee rise— The Chairman decided it *o be out of order, the hour prescribed by a rule of the House having not arrived. Mr. P P. Barbour, disclaiming all wish on this or any other occasion, to |ai.e advantage of a thin House to ob tain a vote—more especially as such vote, if now obtained, would not be fi rs) on tbo bill, expressed a wish thst, by general eonsent, the committee would rise. Before the question waa taken— Mr. A Suiytb rose, and eommanced a course *»f remarks in opposition to the Mll» wfcieb he continued till four o’ clock, when be gave way for 'k motion for rising. > The committee rose accordingly, and having reported progress,obtained leave to sH again. ' . . _ 4. A message was reeeired from the President of the United States, by Mr. Ererett, his private Secretary, enclos ing a report from the secretary of state, and accompanying papers; which were laid upon the table. And then the House adjourned. IN 8ENATE....F«bruary6. The Senate were engaged the great er part of tu-day in discussing the bill providing for the building of ten sleops of war, a report of which was not pre pared id time for this paper. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. Forward, from tbe committee of manufactures, reported a bill laying a duty on sales of merchandise at auction, and for other purposes, 'which »»• twice read, and referred to a committee of the whole on the slate of the Unton. Mr. Abbot, ofUeorgitrin compliance with directions of the Legislature ot that state, offered the following joint resolution: , Resolved, %c. That the following a mend men t of the Constitution of the United State* be proposed to the Le^ gisJalures of the several States, viz: ••That no part of the Constitution of the United States ought to be construed, or shall be construed, ro autho ise the importation or ingress ot any ,> r»on ot color into any one ot tne Unites sitates, contrary to the laws ot su<-h stale.'' The resolution wa» swice lead and referred to a committee ol tue whole House on the stale ot the Union. On motion of Mr. J. 8. Barbour, it was Resolved, That the Commi tee of Claim* be instructed to inquire into the expediency of allowing compensation to George Brooke, of Culpepper county, in the State of Virginia, for certain building* destroyed by the enemy du ring the late war, in oonsequeiice of their occupation as a place ol military depot by the militia of Virginia, when in the service of the United States. Mr. Cocke presented the following, which 'lies one day: “Resolved, That ihe President of ibe U nited States, be requested to lay befoie this House a copy of the report o| tbe Register of ibe Land Office in the eastern district ol the state of Louisiana, bearing date (he 6lh January, 1821, together with all information Irom said Register to tbe Treasury Department touching said report, more especially copies ol all information relative to any lands entered in tbe oarne of R Martin, or his assignee. Also, a co py of tbe Secretary ol tbe Treasury’s communication laying said report before Congress.” INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. Tbe House then went into committee of ibw whole, Mr. Foot in the chair, on the bill for obtaing tbe necessary plans, estimates, &c. on roads arid caoais. Mr. A. Smyth, of Virginia, resumed,and concluded, the argument he comenced yes terday in opposition to the bill. He was followed by Mr. Galzay» of O bio, wbo spoke in support of (be princi ple and expediency of the bill. Mr. Nealfe, of Maryland,succeeded Mr. Gazlay, on tbe same side Of the qm stion. When Mr N. concluded, a general call for tbe question resounded from ail quar ters of tbe House; wheo Mr. Livingston, of Louisiana, rose, anJ requested that the lommmittee might rise. Tbe Committee then rose, and, having obtained leave to sit again — The House adj< on ed to Donday Virginia Legislature. ft hruary 4. IIOUSK Of DKLCGATHS. Yesterday,the House received a ctfm raunkation from the Senate, anoun cing that they had agreed to the reso lution for proceeding on the 1 tith to the election of a Bngadier-general in the place of Gen. Porterfield—and also to the Resolution for surveying a road from Staunton to the State Turnpike road,at Callaghan’s, with amendments. The house agreed to these amendments. Various bills were reported by com mittees, which had their first reading. A motion wan made by Mr. Gustin, that the joint order of the day for elect, ing a Superintendant of the Penitenti ary should be pos pooed until to-mor row—Determined in the negative. A bill “to provide for the enlarge ment of the Lunatic Hospital of the city of Williamsburg,” was taken up, and on Mr. Blackburn's motion,laid up* on the table. On motion of the same gentleman, the house came to the following Reso lution: Resolved, I hat a committee of three members of thi» House, be appointed, with instruction? to repair tb the City of Williamsburg, for the purpose of examining into ton condition and wants of the Lunatic Hospital, and the ac counts of expenditures of public money for the benefit of the same; and make report of their proceediogs—&, a com mittee was appointed,of Messrs, b'ack. burn, Massie and Colton. A bill **inore effectually to prevent, the circulation of counterfeit Bank Notes,n was on motion of Mr, Carter, of Richmond County ordered to be laid upon the table. The House then proceeded to com* plete the joint order for the election of the Directors of the Board of Public Works. Mr. Harvie proposed that the Election of the three Direotors for the District between the Blue Ridge and the Head of Tide Water, should be made by one ballot—which waa agreed to. Mp. Carter, of R. nominated John T. Lomas, of Frederiokaburg, to fill the vacancy occasioned by Judge Green s declining to serve loneer in the Board. On the first ballot, Charles A. Stuart was re-elected There being no opposition in the dis trict between ihe Mountain# and Tide Water, the member# were re-eleeted, viz:—John II. Cocke, Woi. Lllzey, lnd Samuel'Pannill. For’the election of two members for the lower district, there were three ballots, which stood: George Fiewtdn 123 James Hunter 12 80 101 John T, Lomax 5 Philip AyltU, Jr. 76 78 So that Mr. Newtoh was elected on the first, and Hr. Honter on ihe third ballot. After the first ballot, Mr Car ter of R. withdiew Mr. Lomax, who was believed not to reside within the distric'. On motion of Mr. Morris of Hanover, the House ca ne to the resolution of postponing the election of a superintend dantof the Penitentiary until Monday nest. The resolution was communica ted to the Senate, with a view of ob taining their concurrence. The order of the day, on the subject of the bill “authorising a loan for the purposes oHnternal Improvement” was. on Mr. Colston's motion, postponed un til this day. FURTHER EXTRACTS, From the late English papers, received by the packet ship Jamea Ciupper, at >J. York. From the Faria Orijlammt, Dtc. 10. Russia has certainly become the bug bear ot the Radicals of Great Britain.— l'hey are so much alarmed that, if Alex ander sends one of his diplomatic agents to a monarch, his Iriend who has escap* ed by a miracle Irom long captivity, to congratulate him on bis deliverance, (be modern levellers, who are fittlle able to comprehend so noble an set, imagine that they see views of ambition where there is nothing but a manifestation of Iriendshfp The Sun, a radical paper, stated lately that M. Po'zzo de Borgo had demanded of the Spanish Government the cession of an island in the Mediteirarieau for a large sum of money. The cession of the Bal sares to Russia is an old story, which is no more entitled to credit now, than it has ever been. It i9 right that Majorca and Minorca, which are close to the continent ol Spa*n should remain in possession ot that power; and it is absurd to suppose that Ferdinand would disposses himself of them, as that, be would consent to give 4up any other pioviuce of the Monarchy. If Great Bri tain, mistress of the impregnable fortress of Gibraltar, compels Spain to see the English flag constantly flying in her do minions, it does not follow that there shou'd be a disposition to consent so easi ly to the diihnembennent’ot the other pos session; Ol the Monarchy of Charles the Fifth. Do (be Radicals, by ascribing to Russia intentions which she certainly has not, wish tu induce (heir government to take possession one ot these days of Port Ma bon? It is possible (hat they may indulge in these chimerical hopes; but it is certain that the English, as well in the foreign, as io the internal policy of the kingdom, en tertain ideas altogether opposite to those of the Radical Journals. Russia and Eng land possess immerse dominions and these Powers are sufficiently occupied in render ing their subject's happy. Every sytem oi aggrandisement, iu the present state of Europe is opposed to sound Policy. The necessity of preserving the peace of Europe, alter a convulsion of 30 years, is acknowledged on all hands. Every sacri fice oughi to he made to secure this great object, and no doubt every sacrifice will be mate. This is he policy of the Cabi- ; nets ol Europe, of which'every man ought i to have been convinced by the experience ; ol the last ten years Liverpool Dec 15—We had a little j more life in our cotton market last week. . The sales amounted to 12,300 hales, of which 6,4oo were Upland-, 63o Orleans, ! !95o Tennessee, and 18o Sea Islands— Uplands, to 9 3 8, average 7 13 16;! Orleans, 8} to 11, average 9 3 16; Ten-! nessee, 6 7-8 to c 7*8, aVerage 7i; Sea Isl* j and 12} to 18, average 14 5*16. The trade , began to tancy that we had got about low euougli, and under this impression pur chased pretty Ireety, about l5oo to 2ooo bales, chiefly American, were taken on speculation, the prices of wbicb were ful ly maintained Business done in ashes considerable 8oo bbls- Montreal Pols were sold 42s 6il to 43s and loo bbls Pearl at 42s 6d chiefly to speculators. 68 bbls U- S. Pot purcha sed|!or exportation at 48s -OlTar the sales amount to 876 bbls Carolina at !3s 3 to 13s 6d—Sooo bbls Turpentine were offer ed at auction, but part sold at rather re duced prices, say 12s 6d to 18s 9d. Little done in Rice Tobacco tolerably fair— some purchases of Kentucky Leaf on spe culation. London. Dec. II.—I he military force is to receive a lurlher increase; four, il not live additional regiments are to be raised. It is said, however, they cannot be imme diately embodied, because by so doing the army would exceed the number voted by Parliament; but we understand the en listing will proceed forthwith,and the men will be kept at 'be different depots. THEAKMY. London, D^c. 12.—V\ e are authorised to state, that the officers who are to be ap pointed to commissions in the regiments of infantry, which are now to be raised, will be taken exclusively Iroin the halt pay list The detachments belonging to the ca valry and infantry regiments now serving in India, will proceed to day from the Isle of Wight and Portsmouth for Chat* ham, preparatory to their embarkation for Ibeir different destinations. December Ib.-Efforts in serve (be brave aod injured Greeks* we observe with great satisfaction, art rapidly tbe country. T be cause bas been wanHy espoused at Winchester; and at Cam* bridge, a public subscription has been beaded by a liberal donation Irotn the Chancellor of 100/. As the sufferings ind claims ol these men, these fellow. ^ tians, become better known, we leel as* sured they will meet with that assistance which Britons have ever afforded to hose who seek to recover or to enjoy tha liber ty which has raised “the Ught Itttle isl and” to be the envy and admiration ot tbe In consequence ot the accounts which have gone abroad, in relation to a Con gressional nomination of Candidates lor President and Vice President ol the Unit ed States, the undersigned have been re quested. by many of their Republican col leagues and associates, to ascertain the number ol the Members of Congress who deem it inexpedient, at this (*V!e»,0 make such a nomination; and to pob.i?h the same for the information ot the People ot the U nited States. In compliance with this request, they have obtained Irnm gentlemen, represent ing the several Stale?, satisfactory infor mation, that ot two hundred and sixty* one, the whole number ot Members com* j posing the present Congress, there are one hundred and erghiyone who deem it inex- | pedient under existing circumstances to t meet in Caucus, lor the purpose oi noini* i natmgCandidates for President and Vice '• President of the United States; and they have good reasons to believe that® portion of the remainder will be found unwilling to attend sueh a meeting. Richard M- Johnson, of Kentucky. Jut). H. Eaton, Tennessee. David Barton, Missouri. William Kelly. Alabama. Robert F. Hayne, South Carolina* Charles Rich, Vermont. T. Fuller, Massachusetts. J. aloane, unio George Holcombe, New Jersey. S. D. Ingham, Pennsylvania R. Harris, Pennsylvania Joseph Kent, Maryland P H. Miller, Pennsylvania. Thomas Metcalfe, Kentucky. Robert S. Garnett, Virginia. James Hamilton, jun’r. South Carolina. J. C. Hacks, Tennessee. George Kremer, Pennsylvania. B. W. Crmvninshield, Massachusetts, William Burleigh, Maihe. L. Whitman, Connecticut. Jonathan Jennings, Indiana. Sam. Houston, Tennessee. J. R. Poinsett, South Carolina. The Democratic Members of Congress are invited to meet in the Representatives Chamber, at the Capitol, on th« Evening ol me Uit». of February, at 7 o’clock, to recommend candidates to the People of the United States lor the offices of Presi dent arid Vice President of the United States. John Chandler, Noyes Barber, Elisha Litchfield, M Dickerson, Walter Lowrie, Edward Lloyd, Burwell Bassett, H G Burtoo, John Forsyth, J. B. Thomas, . . Benjamin Kuggles. Washington, February 8, 18*4. - JYut. Int. MURDER. We have received from a respecta ble source, and one (o be relied on, the following particulars of a most painful and unheard of transaction, and leave the minds of the readers of the Gazette , without aid from our pen, to indulgeiu such reflexions as will naturally be ex cited. Ou Saturday last about two miles from New Brunswick, Josiah Stout, Jr. about 22 years of age and who had been roarrried about three years ; to Maria Van Arsdalen, daughter of ; Abraham Van Arsdalen Esq late She- j ritf of Middlesex County, New Jersey,' committed the horrid crime of murder ing his wife. Our informant states, j that about nine months since, Mrs. I Stout, in consequence of ill treatment from her husband returned to the house t of her father, where she was confined, and delivered of a dead child On Sa turday last, Stout put his frequent threats, previously made, into execu tion. In the absence of his wife's fa- . tber, be went to the house, armed with two pistols and a dirk. On his ap proach, the mother of the unfortunate > woman apprized her daughter of her ! danger, who flew to a room and locked herself in. Soon after Stout broke in- i to it, but his wife made her escape in- [ to the garden in the rear—he pursued, | overtook her, and stabbed her 3 times in her left breat—she fell—the monster j siezed her by one arm, dragged her back to the house where he stabbed her | 6 times more, and she breathed her last, it is supposed, before the villain had ceased using his blood stained dagger ! This done, he locked himself in a room.• no doubt but with an * intention to des troy those who might attempt to secure him. By this time some of the neigh bon had assembled. Air. Abraham; Snediker burst in the door and seized . him. At this moment he discharged one of hit pistols as if with an intention < of committing suicide, but there waa ’ no ball in the charge, and one of has ; whiskers w»s only slightly singed.— The other pistol was discovered to con-; tain nothing but powder and wad. He was conveyed to jail at Mew Bruns- I wick, without having made any disclo sures. The wretch was visited in the evening by his father, at which time he was, apparently, in a state of insanity. A", y Cruzctie. 0^- arc authorized to announce to , the voters ol Fairfax county# that JOHN i MOOHE, esq. is s candidate to represen ■ them in the next General Assembly. ALEXANDRIA: TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1S*<. . Mr. Snowmen-—Your pragmatic corres pondent Honestus, hat lately furnished your readers with three communications, on the subject of the quality and quantity of flour for the last one or two years, and also strong hints at bis disapprobation ol the present flour Inspector. If the true name and intention of j’our correspondent was not too well known, there u-ould be some reason to hope that the signature un der which he writes would justify bim in the name he has assumed; and should bia honest zeal for tbe pubic good make any impression w ithin its own sphere, there would be but little doubt the evil be com plains of would decline. Your wiley cor responent, if I understand him correctly, has given bis views, as to the causes, why the quantity of flour has declined mom in Alexandria than it basin Baltimore during the same years; and that in I8i2 and i\3, the former place has still declined; while that of (he latter has increased—tbe <>». ten* of the decrease of the one, and the in crease of the other, he has put down in fi gures, which I will guess may be corr?c‘; but as I differ from your honest friend in some of the most Important points be has undertaken toexplain, I will, by your per mission. give to your correspondent what information I can. first, It can be lully made appear, that the counties of Fairfax, Prince William Loudoun, and Fauquier, have not yield ed to the farmer, for the Ia9t five years, on an averagp, more than two-third? of a crop; that the rich valley comprising tbe coun ties of Berkely, Jefferson, Frederick, She* nandoah, and Morgan, I will add, has al so declined much from their former pro ductiveness, and more especially that part of Frederick and Shenandoah which mostly trade to this place.—As to the counties of Jefferson, Beikley and Morgan, they have uniformly sought as their prin cipal market the city of Baltimore, It is true, that during the boatiug season there is considerable flour descends the Totomac from the three counties last named, which is principally purchased by our neighbors at Georgetown—there is abo, during the same season, large quantities of flour boat ed trorn (he counties of Frederick and She nandoah, a considerable partol which also it purchased at Georgetown. Tbif flour, iu former years, was manly wagon ed to Alexandria; and further, that part of Loudoun most adjacent to tbe Potomac ri ver have taken, in Jate years, consider able part of their wheat to tbe mills ip tbe neighborhood of Georgetown, during the dry season of tbe year, where they have obtained higher prices than they could at Alexandria, or the milk in its vicinity.— As for that part of Shenandoah which ad join? Rockingham,the same cause exists in the one a? does in the other—tbe town of Fredericksburg and city ot Richmond is their natural and nearest market. It is true, that these counties, in former years, traded more at Alexandria than they do now—but now they have declined, lor se veral causes, but a few only I will state:— first, the distance is not so great—second ly, their own markei towns, ol late, have become more extensive—thirdly, 'bey have not to pay heavy turnpikeige—and lastly, though not least, they take more money home by trading wnere they do, than they could provided they traded here. Tbe item of turnpikeage lorrns the most prominent part of their complaint, whe ther justly or unjustly I shall not pretend to9ay: but so it is, it is so, that many who formerly traded here, now do not; and when tbe cause is enquired lor, we re ceive for answer those I have now express* ed. Adding all these circumstances toge ther, to wit: the great decline of the raw material raised in the first lour counties— the division which Baltin.ore produces, in consequence of her general M ercantile im portance over the town of Alexandria, pro duced by the intercourse ol her merchants with all the counties that trade here, and the deeided preference given by part ol Shenandoah, & the whole ol Rockingham counties, to their nearest and best markets —are all circumstances, when combined, that will justify the belief tbattbe quan tity of flour hai not declined, as much a* might be inferred, at the inspection port of Alexandria; and (bat the reasons I have stated are the great uncontrolable and ex isting causes why there has been a decline, and not as your correspondent supposes for the want ol more competency in the flour inspector, and the insufficiency of existing laws. In my next number, Mr. Editor, I shall proceeJ to examiue fully many of the ex isting causes, why Alexandria flour stand' undeservedly low; but as that writ, with what I have written, make this communi cation too long* for a (hanky job, 1 shall not trouble you wi;b it for this day's paper. - VIRGINIAN. The President of the United States h*« officially recognized Ckaxles Aftcim Cazenovf. as Consul of the Grand Duke i»i Meek enberg Sweiin, to reside Alex andria, D. C.