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.4JV’j» ADVERTISES. PUBLISHED BY SAMUEL SNOWDEN, CORNER Of KING AND ROTAL.ITKEETS, At five dollars per annum. CONGRESS. IN SENATE ...April 29, 1824. The resoluiion submitted yesterday bv Mr. H. Johnson, of Louisiana, di reting the Postmaster General ‘to report to the Senate, at their next session, the nearest practicable post route from New Orleans to Washington City,’ was again read for consideration. Mr. JohnsoB.in explanation of the re- ! solution, stated the importance to the State of Louisiana, and to the general government, of a more direct post route from New Orleans to Washington City. Such a route might be established thro’ the states of Carolina, Georgia, and Al abama, which would not exceed in ex tent 900 miles. The extent of the pre sent route through TenueAsee.be believ ed, to bo nearly 1500. By establishing i the route alluded to, the conveyance of the mails to and from New Orleans, j would be facilitated, and the expenses of the government greatly diminished. By an act of the present session, 30,. 000 vras appropriated to enable the Pre sident to obtain surveys of different, routes through the United States, for the purpose of internal improvement. No route could be designated more important than the one he wished es tablished, and be was persuaded the President would apply a portion of the sum alluded to, to the accomplishment of tne object in view, lie wished now to call the attention of the governmentto this subject, and hoped the survey of the route would be immediately made, and that the report required would be laid before Congress at th3 commence nient ot the next session. The Seoaiothen resumed, as in com xnit’ee of the whole, the unfinished bu siness of yesterday, being the coaeidera tion of the bill from the House of Re presentatives to amend the several acts for imposing duties on imports.’ Mr. KiDg, of Ala. was called to the chair. Mr. Lloyd, of Mass, moved to amend the bill, by striking out the following clause: ‘On hemp, two cents per pound.’ After considerable debate, the ques ion on Mr. Lloyd’s motion was put, and carried in the affirmative—Yeas 24, Mays 23. Su the duty on hemp was stricken oUt by the committee of the whole; and The Senate adjeusned. HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. Gazlay offered the following joint resolution, which was twice read, and, on the request of the mover, was laid on the table. 4Resolved fyc That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorised to appoint an agent or trus tee, who, when appointed, shall have full power to act as agent or Trustee, on behalf of the U. States, in the exe cution of an act of Congress passed on the 3d of March, 1803, relating to the people of the eastern division of the ter ritory northwest of the River Ohio, as far as the same relates to a township of land situated in Symme’s patent, re served for establishing an Academy.’ The resolution of Mr. Foot, of Conn, calling on the President of the United States for certain information respect ing fortifications, was, on motion of Mr. Cocke, taken up and considered. Mr. Cocke offered an amendment to strike out the word *established[by the board of Engineers,] and insert the word ‘recommended,’ which was agreed to. At the motion of Mr. Tayler, the word ‘government’ was stricken out, and the word ‘President’ inserted in its stead. The question being on adopting the resolution, as amended, some debale a roae, in which Messrs. Cook, Little, and Foot, took part. Mr. Poinsett offered an amendment to qaalify the call for information, by a clause which limits it to such only as may be communicated without injury to the public defence. Mr. Condict moved that the resolu tion be farther modified by adding to it a clause in these words: ‘so far as the same has not heretofore been communi cated.’ This amendment was not agreed to—and Oo motion of Mr, Little, the resolu tion was laid on the table. The House then passed upon various bills, which oeoupied the remainder of of this day's sessioo. IN SENATE—April 30. Mr. Smith, from the cormn-ttee on Finance, to whom was referred the pe tition of Alexander Scott, praying com pensation for services rendered to the government, as Collector of Pensacola, reported a bill for his relief. The bill was read and passed to a second reading. Several bills from the House of Re presentatives, having reference to pri vate claims, and which have heretofore been referred to the standing commit tees,were reported without amendment. Seventeen other bills from the house of Representatives, predicated on pri vate claims, were twice read, and refer red to appropriate committees. Mr. Lloyd, of Mate, presented the / * | 4 • memorial of * large number of respec table merchants and ship owners ol the city of Bottoo. prayiDg that the bill now before the Senate, imposing high er duties on imports, may not be pass ed. The memorial was read and laid upon the table. Mr. Mills presented the memorial of sundry citizens of Massachusetts, pray ing that the tariff bill, now before the Senate, may pass. The memorial was read, and laid upon the table. In pursuance of notice given yester day, Mr. Eaton asked leave to intro duce a bill 'for the relief of John Don aldson, Stephen Hurd, and others.’ Mr. E. made a few remarks on the subject, and Mr. Chandler opposed the leave, on the ground that the bill had been re jected id the other House, To this ob jection, Mr Eaton replied. Leave was granted to introduce i he bill. It was twice read, and referred to the commit tee on public lands. TH B TARIFF. # The Senate, a* in committee of the whole, (Mr. King, of A lab. in the Chair,) resumed the consideration of the unit i nished business of yesterday, being the I bill from the House of Representatives, ‘to amend the several acts for imposing ' duties on imports.’ Mr Kelly moved to amend the bill, in the following clause: ‘Oncotton bag 1 ging, four and a half cents per 1 square yard, until the 30th day of June, 1825; and, afterwards, a duty ol five and a half cents per square yard.’ by striking out from it the words ‘until the thirtieth day of June, 1825; and, af terwards, a duty of live and a half cents per square ya rd.’ Mr. Kelly supported his motion, at considerable length—shewing the im propriety of laying such duties as to force the inanulacture ofthis article in ! to existence; the improbability that hemp, from which the cotton bagging is manufactured, would be soon raised in this country,in any great quantity,as its cultivation and preparation for mar ; Uet. was a dirtyf unpleasant occupation, ! and uncongenial to a people possessing as many blessings, and as many more I pleasant means of employment, as are ! possessed by this people; that, it the I people were disposed to engage in the manufacture, the duties now existing afford sufficient encouragement, and that, the article ought not to receive further encouragement, at the expense of the cotton grower. Several gentlemen spoke for and a gainst this motion; when the question on Mr, Kelly's motion wssput, and de* cided in the affirmative—Yean 28. So the highest rate of duty proposed on cot ton bagging. was stricken out. Mr. Holmes, of Maine, moved to a mend the bill, in the following clause: ‘On all manufactures, not herein speci fied, of cottoD, silk, flax or hemp, or of which either of these materials shall be a component part, a duty of 25 per centum ad valorem,” by inserting, after the word ‘part,’ the words, ‘ex cepting Russia, Holland’s, and Ravens Dock.’ On motion of Mr, Smith, the words ‘and Russia Sheetings,’ were added to the exoeption. Mr. Barbour moved that ‘German Linens’ be also added to the excepted articles. Upon this motion, some cur sory remarks were made by Messrs. Barbour, Smith, Dickerson, and Lloyd, of Md. Mr. Talbot moved that the bill and amendments, be ordered to lie on the table; and that the Senate proceed to the consideration of executive busi ness. This was agreed to, and, imme diately after the doors were opened, The Senate adjourned. _ 1 HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. Whipple, from the committee on the public lands, reported a bill ‘to re gulate the compensation for the Regis ters and Receivers of the Public Mo neys at the Several Land ofliues of the j United States.’ which was twice read and committed. i Mr. Hobart, from the committee on ! the public buildings, made a report ad I verse to the petition of William B. Mad i dox, of the Uitv of Washington. On motion of Mr. Tatnall, it was Resolved, that the committee on mi litary affairs, be instructed to inquire into and report at the next session of Congress the extent to which it is ex pedient to adopt the system of defence proposed in the several reports of the Board of Engineers, for the defence of the maralime frontier of this country— the amount which it is estimated the works in contemplation, approved by the committee may cost—specifying the location and estimated cost of each particular work; and also the amount which it may be proper and expedient to appropriate annually for gradually effecting the above contemplated plan of defence. Mr. Warfield offered the following: * Resolved, That the committee on tbe judiciary be instructed to inquire into tbe "expediency of repealing an act of tbe Le i gislature of the state of Maryland, (so far as the said act extends to tbe District of Columbia,) passed in the year 1775, enti tled ‘An act ascertaining wbat shall be re covered on protested bills of exchange; and to repeal an act of Assembly therein mentioned-’ Mr. Buchanan called on the mover for an explanation, which was given at length by Mr. Warfield; and tbe resolution was agreed to. Several engrossed bills ol a private na ture, were*} respectively read, a third time, passed, and sent to lbj Senate lor concur ! Tbe bill for Ibe relief of Jacques Mv otte, Francois Charpentier, and James b. Laducier, having been read, Mr. > mton, oFOhio, moved tor its indefinite postpone ment, on the ground that there was no suf ficient evidence of the petitioners having performed military services in Illinois. - Sir. Cocke replied, and advocated, at length, tbe equity of the claim. Mr, nan kin strongly doubted, and thought the pre sumption, from tbe circumstances of the case, was against the claim. Mr. Cook farther defended its justice, in * 0 considerable length—to which Mr- nan kin rejoined, and the debate was farther continued by Messrs. Cook, Vance ol O ! bio, Forsyth, and Whipple; And the question being taken on Mr. Vinton’s motion, it was decided in the af firmative—ayes 86, noes 46 So tbe bill was indefinitely postponed. The engrossed biU'supplementary to the act to incorporate (lie inhabitants of the City of Washingt >n;’ and the hill from the j Senate ‘tor the relief of Joseph Wood, of Ohio;’ were read a third time, passed, and sent to the Senate. Mr. Tucker moved to take up the report of the Committee .mi the chimol the Heirs of Beaumarchais; "inch was agreed to— ayes 63, noes 5?; and the House went in to committee of the whole, Mr. Bassett in tbe chair, on the report, Mr. Tucker having commenced a detailed statement of t the circumstances of the claim, and made j some progress, the committee rose, on mo- ! tion of Mr. Ciay, with an understanding! that this subject shall be taken up on Mon day next* Mr. A. Steven«on, from the committee to whom was refer red the message of the President of the United States, in relation ; to the accounts of Daniel D. Tompkins, reported a bill, (in blank.) making appro priations for the payment of the amount adjudged to be due to him;’ which was twice read and referred. Mr. F. John'on gave notice, that on i Tuesday next be should move the House to take up the bill ‘to reduce into one the several acts establishing and regulating tbe Post Office Department.’ Adjourned. IN SENATE—May I. The several standing committees report ed, without amendment, several bills from the other House, upon private claims. Sixteen o'her hills from the House of Representatives, upon private claims, were twice read, and referred to their ap propriate committees. Tbe foliowing resolution submitted on Thursday last by Mr. Benton, was read for consideration and agreed to: 4Resolved, That tbe Committpeon Pub lic Lands be instructed to inquire into the j expediency of authorising the President of I the United States to cause to he selected, in separate parcels, or in sections, as much land as will amount to two of the town shins heretofore granted by Congress to the state of Missouri lor the support oi se minaries of learning; ‘Also to inqu're info the expediency of granting to the town of St. Louis, and to other towns and villages in the state of Missouri, tor ihe support of schools, tbe lot9 and pieces of ground within such towns and villages which may have been hereto fore reserved lor military purposes and not now needed tor such use.’ the Tariff The bill from the House of Representa tives, ‘to amend the several acts for im posing duties on imports,’ was again taken up for consideration in committee of the whole, Mr. King, of Alab. in tbe chair Jusl previous to the bill being ordered to lie on tbe table, yesterday, Mr. Holmes of Maine, had moved to amend it by ex cepting •Russia, Hollands, and Ravens l)urk, and Russia Sheetings' Iroin the duty of 25 per cent levied on either cotton, silk, flax, or hempen fabric*; and i>1r. Barbour had moved to amend the amendment by adding to it as another exception, ‘ Ger man linens. Mr. Barbour now varied his motion, by withdrawing the words ‘German linens,’ and proposing to add to the exceptions, *Oznaburgs, Ticklenburgs, and Burlaps■* This motion was advocated hy the mover, by Messrs Hayne. Smith, Branch, Mill*. H. Johnson, ol Lou. Macon, Holmes, of Maine, Van Dyke, and Taylor, of Vir — and opposed by Messrs. Dickerson, D’ Wolf, Talbot, and Johnson, of Ken- It was argued, in behalf of this amendment, that the manufacture of the article had ne ver been attempted in this countiy; that it was an article of the first necessity, for clothing for the poorer classes of the com munity, and lor servants, and tor these reasons, was not 3n object of heavy taxa tion. On the other hand, it was contend ed that goods ol a similar kind, though not known by the same name, were manufac tured in this country—and, being an arti cle of necessity its manufaclure ought to be encouraged, in order to render us inde pendent, lor. the necessaries ol life, of o tber countries The question upon amending the amend menf, as propo*ed by Air. Barbour, was then put, and deci^^d in the negative.— Yeas 23, Nays 24. So the amendment to the the amend ment was lost. The que-tion was then upon amending the bill, so as to except ‘Kussia Duck, Holland and Havens Duck, Kussia Sheet ings,’ from the duty ot twenty-five per cent, which it is contemplated to impose on manufacture* ot cotton, silk, flax or hemp. Mr. Lloyd, of Alass. advocated this amendment. Air. Barbour then mov ed an adjournment, and The Senate adjourned. Growing Prosperity oj j\eve Orleans. It would almost appear incredible, but yet it is slated, that on ihejGih March last there were in the above port 77 ships, 128 brigs, 52 schooners, II sloops, and 16 steam boats, and, with but few exceptions, they were all busily engaged in either load ing or discharging. This statement does not ioclude the flat boats and arkst vessels ot an immense size, and built for tempo rary purposes, ol which description there are generally from 150 to 200 in port.— Tbis gigantic and growing trade, will, be fore long, place our younger sister at the very bead ot the Union, as a commercial marl, Charleston Courier. ONE DAY LATER FROM ENGLAND. New York, April 89.—The ship Lon don* capt. Moran, sailed from Liverpool on tbe 28th March, and brings London papers to the evening of the 2bth. The sales ot cotton at Liverpool, on the 27th, were estimated at 2000 bags. The Slave Trade bill was assigned for a third reading in the House of Commons on the 86th ult. Mr. Canning hoped it would not be postponed beyond that day, seeing that the only chance of the meuure being carried into beneficial operation the present year, was the act reaching Ameri ca before the close of tbe present session of Fn the House of Commons* on the 25th, , Sir J. Macintosh asserted that two very ! important declarations had been made by ; ministers in a place and on an occasion which it *ras unparliamentary for him to name. Tbe last and most important of these declarations, was this, viz: That if anv considerable armament proceeded from the ports of Spain, while the Penin sula was in the occupation ot a French ar my. that it would nut be considered as a Spanish armament. After maturely con sidering ibis declaration, which he held to be of great importance, and which went far to supply what bad appeared defec tive, and to remove what had seemed to him ambiguous in the former declarations respecting the policy ot this country be certainly judged.that it °o much narrow ed tbe practical ground of difference be lt ween him and the Ministers of tbe Crown on the subject of South America, as to I make it improper for him to persevere in ins call for information. He was also somewhat influenced by what he heard not in so authentic « shape as the declara tions he had just now referred to, that : France had actually declined to be a par | !y to the threatened Congress on Ihe af fairs of S. America. He was inclined to [ believe Ibis was the fact. Mr. Canning said it might be deemed j that he was called upon to say something l in reply to the above, but on the whole, | he thought he should best consult bis duty l by abstaining from offering any remarks. | But he begged tbe house to bear in mind I that he wished to be judged by the ex plicit declarations which he had himself | made when the subject came before them , in tbe regular course of debate, and not : by any construction put by bis honorable I and learned friend upon declarations which had been made elsewhere, and ; which he (Mr. Canning) neither affirmed ; nor denied. j Capt. Sir Ralph Collier committed sui i tide on the 25th uit by cutting his throat. It is intimated that «ome strictures on his conduct as a naval officer led him to Ibis act of desperation j Mr-Scarlett, the celebrated barrister,! I died at York on the 25tb ult. i Mathews has appeared in London in his ! | 'Trip to America.’ j Extract of a letter from Rio Janeiro, oj, February 23. I ‘VVe have accounts from Peru to the i middle of December, at which time flour l was selling at d50 on shore, but all spe- ( i culation had ceased, and the arrival of a ' : single cargo would reduce the price mate* t rially. Tbe consumption had decreased to 1200 barrels per month, in consequence . ; of the harvest in Cbili having been abun j dant. There are said to be three Spanish I privateers cruising on the coast of^ Cbili. I One of them, commanded by an English | man. (who formerly suffered severely un- i ! der tbe government of San Martin.) has ; captured the British ship Slanmore, bav-! jngon board 135.000 dollars, and 3500' ; qtis. copper, Chilian property, bound to : China. She was suffered lo pass alter tbe ! specie wa9 taken out. ! [1 be writer here mentions, what has | been before stated, and been a subject of i dispute, that one divi«ion of the Patriot army under St Cruz had been defeated, and another under Sucre, after taking Are-, quipa and levying a contribution oi 130, 000 dollars on the inhabitants, on hearing the fate of the former, returned on board their ships and arrived at Lima. But it is unnecessary to repeat these circumstances, as we have later accounts, when the at* . lairs of the Patriots were prosperous ] ‘Lord Cochrane i« here [at KioJ with a fleet destined for the blockade of Pernam buco, which place has refused to acknow ledge the authority ot the Emperor. It is said that Lord C- has been recalled by the British government, with an oiler ot being reinstated in all his former authority and high rank in the navy. The English have a large squadron on the coast, and are dai ly expecting reinforcements. The French have 2 frigates, 2 sloops, and a brig, and are likewise expecting reinforcements.— Some important movement is expected FROM PERNAMBUCO. Capt. Bureb, ol the ship Sunton, at New Bedford, left Pernambuco* March J 21st, On the preceding day, the Presi*' dent of Pernambuco was arrested by some ! of the troops and sent prisoner to one of ihe forts, the commandant ot which would not receive him as such. He then retired toOlinda with such of the traops as were friendly to him, the other part taking a different direction. Next morning the President and his party, which was said to be much the stronger, returned with him quietly to the city* and it was repott ed that the others had dispersed. It was thought by some that ibis was only a sfra* tagem of the President, to ascertain the number and strength ol his friends* and by others, that it was a prelude to a more serious affair. Lord Cochrane was daily expected at Pernambuco Captain Perkins, ot the Floyd, just arrived at Pernambuco from Kio Janeiro, reported that the kingot the Sandwich Islands, Rihoriho, with two of his wives, had arrived there in an English ship, on his way to England. He was re ceived with every mark ol attention and respect. The Evergreen, at Salem, left Para on (he 3d March, in company with a Porlu* guese frigate and gun brig, an \ several o ther vessels, having on board all the Por* tuguese and English merchants, ihe En glish Consul, and other Europeans, who left the place inconsequence ol 15,000in surgents being ready to enter the city, who were expected o massacre the Europeans without distinction.. The town was in complete confusion. All tin* supplies front: the Marigo island were cutoff, and every canoe stopped up tbe river by the in>u gents. On hoard of one ship which let; Para in the fleet, were 192 merchants, em barked for Lisbon. The Pioneer, at Salem, left Rio Janei* ro Feb. 25th It was reported that tb* French vessels of war which bad arrived there, were placed at the order of the Km* peror ot Brazil. The British CO gun ship Cambridge was at Rio, with Consuls on board for La Plate, Chili, and Peru. \ report prevailed that Spain had ceded the island ol Chiloe, in the Pacific, to France. English vessels of war were daily ar riving at different ports on the coait ot Brazil. Capf Ward saw letters from our Con sul ai Valparaiso, stating that the U. $. ship Franklin. Commodore Stewart, bad sailed from that place in pursuit of a pira tical cruiser under Spanish colors. The frigate United Stales bad a pa«* sage of 37 days to Rio* We learn from a passenger, in tbe ship Douglass, from Curracoa that a vessel had arrived at that port from Porto Cabello, and brought the following intelligence: Mina and^Leno Gallardo (both colored people) being dissatisfied with Bolivar and tbe other chief of the Republic, bad in connexion with a number of others, laid a plan tor a revolt. Having confidence in Gen Paez, tbe abovementioned persons communicated their designs to him; when lie informed them that it they would stale the rea-ons of their discontent, and the I names of the individuals concerned, be would represent their case to government, and obtain redress. A list ot the* name* of tin; cabeziila*, or leaders, was immedi ately handed to him, when tie ind them all tak**n up ar Caraccas, and sent lc Calabo zo, where they were all excuted; including Mina and Gallardo. FROM AFRICA. Extracts from the journal of the brig Ar gus, arrived at Provideuce. prove that the abominable and disgraceful traffic in hu man flesh is still prosecuted wi'h vigour on the African coast. When the Argus arriv. ed at the Gallir*a«s (on the coast) ?he found two French brigs and two schooners lying there, which had sent their cargoes on shore to purchase slaves* They stated that a French slaving schooner, while ly ing near Cape Mount, was blown up on the 23d November, and all her crew, a bout 28 in number, with ten native slave dealers and several Krowmen lost their lives. One Krowman only escaped, who stated that the captain, with the slave deal ers, was in the hold with a lantern, and a candle in it, looking at the quality of the cargo. They had been looking at a 1 barrel of powder, of which she had a great quantity, and left it open, and were exa mining tbe rum, when the Captain drew some in a glass, and tbe natives said it had water in it; the Captain put his finger in it, and then held it to the candle, to let them 9ee that it would burn—it being too bot to bis finger he shook it off and some, of it dropped into tbe powder behind him, when tbe whole exploded. On the 3d Dec. at Cape Mount, the Ar gus found a French brig and two sebrs. al ter slaves. The Argus arrived on tbe Gold Coast oa the 5th Jan. Sir Charles McCarty, with his English and black troops, had inarched from Cape* Coast to make war upon tbe Asbantees, a. powerful natioo in the interior of tbe Gold Coast. The King of Ashantee had prohi bited any of bis subjects irom leaving tbe towns to take gold down to the coast, uih der pen aJfy ot death. They have blocks aded all the Ashantee paths to the coast, which made trade dull—and threw all tbe English and other vessels on the windward to the leeward coasts; in consequence the markets were ail glutted, and produce scarce and high. FROM CAPE COAST CASTLE. The Curacoa papers, received by the Doughs, announce the arrival at Barba does, of the brig Elizabeth, from Cape. Coast Castle. Tbe Elizabeth brought let* ters, which state that Sir Charles McCar thy, who had marched against the Ashan tees into the interior of Africa with tbe na tives ol Cape Coast and merchants, to the number altogether ol 5U00, with an intent to proceed direct to Coomassie, tbe Ash* antee capital, were met on the 21st Janua ry by a body of i 0,000 of tbe tormer, and after a bloody engagement, from 1 P. M till sunset, were entirely defeated; which account was brought by the fugitives who had returned to the Cape; and when the brig left on tbe 4tb February, neither Sir Charles norany of tbe merchjnts had been heard of, and it was supposed they were either all massacred or taken prisoners; at the same time another force, under Captain Laing, was mustering to attack the Ashao tees. Sir Charles was formerly Major of the New Brunswick Fencibles, and an of ficer of great merit._ Brewster’s New York Cortes BEAVER. RAIS. The subscriber lias just receiv ed from New York, ol the cele brated Brewster, a handsome assortment of CORTES IIATS, of the best quality; and has made arrange' ments to be constantly supplied with bis most fashionable hats, tienllemen want ing fashionable; hats would do well to ca’I and examine lor themselves. He Ihs also on hand Philadelphia first quality beaver hats.JOSEPH HAKPEK. '1 his is to give Notice* THAT the subscriber hath obtained, from the Orphans’ Court of Charles County, in Maryland, letters of adminis tration on the personal e«tate of Johx « • Bf.ai.l, late ol Charles county, deceased All persons having clauns against the said deceased, are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, t<» the subscriber, at or belore the 1st day November next, or they may otherwise bv law be excluded Irom all benefit of «ai'» estate. Given under my hand, this Sti'd*. day of April, Anno Domini 18*4. JOHN J. GATES, A dm r. may 1 :i"