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HQIiI’S DEfEN CE.
memoirs OF TBE CAMPION QF THE north western army, IN THE YEAS 1812. Addressed to the People oj the U. States, [Concluded.] By a reference to the preceding numbers, it will appear by the tetter from the Secretary of War to Gene ral Dearborn, that he was command, ed by the President to concentrate his troops on the Niagara river, in vade Upper Canada from that quar ter, attack the enomy’s posts, and co operate with the forces under iny command. It will farther appear, that he did not carry these orders in to effect, but agreed to the armistice which hat been mentioned, which must have been unauthorized by the President, because it was disapproved in the most pointed language. My army not being included in he mea sure, and, as has been observed, no condition having been made, that the troops should remain in the situation they were, during its continuance, the effect it had on my operations is too evident to be here repeated ; it must bo considered as the principal and immediate fatal cause of the dis asters of the campaign. After the capitulation, l first learn, ed from the lips of the British com mender, the true state of the case—* that the armistice of General Dear-s born had been eight days in operation and that that circumstance alone bad enabled him to bring such a force a gainst rac. Early in the morning of the I6th of August, Gen, Brock landed his force at the Spring Wells, three miles below Detroit, under cover of the guns of his navy. From the date of the facts contained in the two num bers I have mentioned, I presume you must be satisfied, that his effective force, was more than three times greater than mine, and that he might have brought to his staudard more than ten times my number, before I could have .received any assistance. This will appear, from the knowledge of the numbers which originally composed my array, from the losses by capture, by the killed and wound* ed in the battles which had been fought, by sickness and a variety of other casualties ; and likewise from the return of the adjutant general maj'T Jessup, and the testimony of colonel Cass. Being at this time, not only the general of the army, but the governor of the territory, and without instructions, as to the course I should pursue, all the measures were entrusted to my discretion. Be ing responsible for the safety of the inhabitants, it became my duty, if it was possible, to adopt such measures as would effect that object. My sit uation was such, that fbere was no possibility of affording the inhabitants protection, further than the balls from the cannon in the fort could be car ried. These inhabitants were scat tered over a territory of several hun dred miles. The savages had inva* ded every part of this territory, and while the contest lasted, there was nothing which could restrain their barbarity. The work of desolation And cruelty had commenced, and nearly half my effective force was absent, and from the time it had marched aud the orders it had receiv ed from me, I had reason to believe at was nearly fifty mile9 distant from me. With the feeble force under my command, I did not believe there was the most distant prospect of success, in the eve*< of a battle; and had the forces at Detroit been defeated, the fate of the detachment under McAr thur and Cass would have been inevi table, From tbe information I had received, with respect to General Brock’s force, there could have been little hope indeed of victory. What was, however, decisive on ray mind was, my situation, even in a possible ©vent of success over his white force. /should have then been without pro visions, as will appear by the evi dence contained in roy twentieth number j and I had no means of ob taining possession of tlie enemy’s na vy, and opening my communication over the lake. It would in this case Lave become a war with savages, who would have been aided by all the remaining forces of Upper Cana* da, aud the navy on the lake. In ad dition to the savage force, w hich was with general Brock, I have produced evidence to show that several thou aands of this description were descen ding the Lakes from the North and from the West. Had ray army, how ever, not been divided, and had the detachment absent with McArthur and ass, equal to about one half of my effective force, been with roe, oi bad I received the least information, that it had been in a situation where, by any possibility; it could havo co* operated, t‘should have risked the consequences of a battle, and those officers would have had an opportuni ty of proving by their deeds the valor which has been only manifested by their words# Under the circumstances which existed after the enemy landed, and no information having been obtained from McArthur and Cass, I deter mined to send a flag of truce, open a treaty* and accept tho best terms which could be obtained. For this purpose, I authorized two commi9 sinners, colonels Miller and Brush, to negotiate <m the subject. By the articles of capitulation, pro* tection and safety were secured to the inhabitants of Michigan in their persons and property. All the mili* tra both of Michigan and Ohio re turned immediately to their home and none were retained a9 prisoners, excepting the few regulars, consisting then of littleov$r two hundred. This measure, under tho circumstances, was dictated in my opinion by a sense of duty, and attended with less pub lic calamity than any other which could have bc8n adopted, and I was willing to assume, and in my official communication to the government, took the whole responsibility of it on myself. It required more firmneas and independence than any other act of my life—it waa dictated by my best judgment and a csnscientious regard to what I believed to be my duty, and I now sincerely rejoice, and there never has been a moment that I have not rejoiced, notwith standing all I have suffered, that l dared thus independently to do my duty* Had thatcontest continued, e very moment would have been attend ed with greater disasters, and l avail ed myself of the only measure in my power to put an end to such calami ties. In the capitulation I made no provision for myself, and was order ed to Montreal an unconditional pri soner. A provision was made for all the officers and soldiers of the militia and they immediately returned to their homes. Col. Cass taking ad vantage of my situation after the in dulgence I had procured for him* proceeded directly to Washington, where he was most graciously receiv ed by the administration, and then presented an account of tho campaign ; before it had been possible for me to have made any communication. This letter, written by himself, giving particular details of events, of which lie had no knowledge, as he was ab sent when they took place, was re ceived by the administration and pub lished as an official account in all the newspapers throughout the U.States. Search, fellow citizens, the annals of history, and, 1 am persuaded, such an outrage cannot be found ! While i was a prisoner, my other officers, for whose liberation I had provided in the treaty, followed colonel Cass to Washington, and seeing the lavours and patronage he had received by hts representation, imitated his ex ample, and were not disappointed iu their rewards. From pne end of the continent to the other, the same newspapers which had published Cass’s letter, were filled with a series of the most scandalous falsehoods to excite your resentment against me, and before I was exchanged, and yet a prisoner, the plot, which was unfolded in my 29th number, by the letter of the Se cretary of War te Gen. Dearborn, was sealed for my final destruction. As soon as Gen. Dearborn could) make arrangements for my exchange, 1 was arrested, capital charges were preferred against me, ami a court martial was ordered to assemble at Philadelphia for my trial, of which maj. gen. Wade Hampton was ap pointed the president. In conformity to the orders of the President, ( ap peared* ready for my trial. Dut without any reason being assigned, this court martial was dissolved in the manner / have stated. I was continued by the administration a prisoner in arrest another year, that ample time might he afforded for se lecting such a court martial, and pa* tronizing and promoting officers,who in their testimony would give opin ions which would effect the object of the plot* which had been formed. After thus remaining a prisoner for this length of time* whieh K believe is unexampled in military history* and every preparation being made* I was ordered to appear at Albany for my trial the beginning of Jan uary 1814.—At this court martial 1 requested the privilege of being heard by counsel. The court de nied me such aid. In the progress of the trial, the opinions of witness es were admitted as evidence to prove entire charges against roe.— The character of these witnesses has been fully shewn. They were offi, leers of no military knowledge or ex. periend, ami many of them deeply interested in the event ul the trial, and had nothing to recommend them but the patronage and promo tion they bad received immediately after my unfortunate campaign, bu? previously to their appearing to tes tify against me. The Court Martial of which General Dearborn was President, was •• looted ihe 7th day of November. 1813* durinu the administration of John Armstrong oror tha Department of War, and ibis court was not dissolved until the last o* March, or the beginnig of April, 1814. Thus was established a new military precedent, and it must be recorded in the hietory of our country, that the commander in chlsf oi the American army, at a most critical period of tbs war, for about four moths, relinquish ed his high duties as commanding Ge neral, and performed subordinate du ties on a Court Martial, to which the yovogest General in the army was com - petent. The question will naturally a rise, what motives could have induced unprecedented an arrangement? A constant correspondence was kept up between the Court Martial and the See rotary of W*r. aud directions were giv en respecting the manner of proceeding. See appendix to my trial, page 29. . In some of the publio newspapers, it is •aid, I am ungrateful for the lenity which Mr. Madison, the President, has ibown me. As I never asked him or the Court Martial for mercy, but only justice, I cannot feel under any obliga tion to either. The truth is, fellow-oi* tizens, the administration well knew your independent spirit and sense of right, and dared not execute that sen tence, which injustice had pronounced. The Secretary was the same John Arm strong, who has the reputatioo of hav ing eocnmeovod his career at Newburg, in 1783, and ended it at Bladensburg, in 1814. The two events here alluded to, ira well known, and must make a part of the history of our country.— The one will do the highest credit to the virtue &l unshaken patriotism of the revolu:ioi:ary army, in resisting a most artful and insidious attempt to induce thepi to turn those arms against their country which had been employed iu acquiring its independence. The other must stand as a monument of disgrace to those to whom the protection of the country was entrusted, and particular* ly to the officer at the bead of the De partment of War, at whose disposal was plaoed the forces and means of na* I tioaal safety. After I received the order to invade ! the enemy’s territoy, all the operations ! were entrusted to my discretion. This i discretion was exercised according to | my best judgment. The dictates of duty alone influenced my conduct.— Iiad I consulted my feelings alone, and not been guided by this principle, 1 should h*ve pursued a very different , oourse. To perform what | then be lieved and now believe to have been my duty, it was necessary to call into ex ercise more firmness and more energy, than on any other occasion during my life. If it will be any satisfaetiooAo my enemies, I am now willing to ac knowledge, that I dare not do that which my best judgment and duty for bid. Considerations of personal fame, compared to du'y. were as a feather ia on# scale to a mountain in the other. JMy respect, fellow-citizens, fox your discernment and judgment, induces ms to leave the application of the facia and evidence, contained in the preoeding numbers, to your own deliberations With sincere thanks for the candor which has been already manifested, I am. with affection and respect, your fellowcitieen. WILLIAM HULL. Whiskey. THIRTY bbls. prime Whiskey, land ing this morning, and for sale by june 10 CLAGETT k PAGE District of Columbia, Alexandria County, Set. May Term, 1824. IN CHANEKY. I John Roberts, Complainant9 i AGAINST John McKim* Holliday, and Sarah Asa Davidson, administrator and adminis tratrix of William Davidson, deceased, and the President, Directors and Com pany of the Bank of Potamac, Defdts. npHE defendants John Mclvim Holli JL day and Sarah Asa Davidson, admi nistrator and administratrix of William Da vidson, deceased, not having entered their appearance to this suit and given security for performing the decrees of the court;' and it appearing to the satisfaction of the court* upon afhdavit hied, that the said ad ministrator and administratrix are not in habitants of the District of Columbia : On the motion of the complainant by bis coun sel, it is ordered that the said administra tor and administratrix of YY ilham David son, deceased, do appear bere on the first day of next November Term, and enter their appearance to the suit and give secu nty lor performing the decrees of the court; and that the other defendants the President, Directors and Company ot the Bank of Potomac do not pay away, con vey or secrete the debts by them owing to, or the estate or effects in their hands be longing to the estate of the said William Davidson, deceased, until the further or der of the court; and that a copy of this order be forthwith published for two months successively in one of the public newspapers printed in Alexandria; and that a copy be also posted at the front door of tbf court bouse of said county. A copy. Teste, EDM. I*JLEE, C C. Plstrict of CotiinibiA} , Covnty of Alexandria, to ml ■ Mav Term, 18*4.—*3d day. ,.a &&*... ..3 Sitdi »d“«»"«' touisr*" ’ John A. Jones and Lloyd Logan. Defen* rp HE defendant John A. Jones not hav. A ing entered his appearance, and given ,ecun,y according to tbe statute and ru es of tbe Court; and it appearing to thes sa tisfaction of tbe Court upon affidavit filed, tbat tbe said John A. Jones is not an in habitant of the District of Columbia: On motion of tbe complainants by their coiin sel, it is ordered tbat the said John A Jones do appear here on the 1st day of next November term, and enter bis ap pearance to this suit, and giveJsecurity for performing tbe decrees of the Court, end that tbe other defendant, Lloyd Lo gan, do not pay away, convey, or secrete tbe debts by him owing to, or the estate or effects in bis bands belonging to tbe said absent defendant* John A. Jones, un til the further order or decree ot this Court; aod that a copy of this order be forthwith published lor two months suc cessively in one of the public newspapers printed in the town of Alexandria, and that a copy be alio posted at tbe front door of tbe Court House of said county. A Copy. Teste, EDM. I. LEE, C. C. july 11 _1aw2ro Di9trct of Columbia, County of Alexandria, to wit: May Term. 1824—23d day, IN CHANCERY. John S, Miller, Complainant, against John A. Jones and Lloyd Logan, Defen r | 'HE defendant John A. Jones not bav I. ing entered his appearance, and giv* en security according to the statute and ! rules of the Court; and it appearing to the satisfaction of tbe Court upon affidavit filed, that the said John A. Jones i9 not an * inhabitant of the District of Columbia— On motion of tbe complainant by his coun sel, it is ordered tbat the said John A. Jones do appear here on the first day of next November term, and enter his ap pearance to this soil, and give security ; lor performing the decrees ot the Court; ; and that the other defendant, Lloyd Lo ! gan, do not pay away, convey, or secrete j the debts by him owing to, or the estate » or effects in his hands belonging to tbe said • absen* defendant, John A- Jones, until the ' further order or decree of this Court; and 1 that a copy ot this order be forthwith pub lished lor two months successively in one ol thn public newspaper? printed in the town ot Alexandria, and that a copy be also posted at the front door of the Court House ot said county. A Copy. Teste, EDM. I. LEE, C. C. july 22 2m District of Columbia 7 County of Alexandria, Set. J May Terra, 1824. IN CHANCERY. The Common Council of Alexandria, Com plamants, AGAINST George Chapman, Charles I. Catlett, Sa rah Harper, Townsend Waugh, William Yeatos.ohn C. Mandell, and Thomas Irwin, Defendants. fl^HE defendant George Chapman not JL having entered his appearance to this suit, and given security according to the statute and the rule9 of this Court; and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court upon affidavit filed, that the said George Chapman is not an inhabitant of the Dis trict ol Columbia : On the motion of tbe complainants by their counsel, it is order ed that the said George Chapman appear here on tbe 1st day of next November term, and eoter his appearance to tbe suit, and give security for performing tbe de crees of tbe Court; and that tbe other de fendants, Charles I. Catlett, Sarah Har per, Townsend Waugh, William Yeatco, John C, Mandell, and Thomas Irwin do not pay away, convey or secrete the debts by them owing to. or the estate or effects in their hands belonging to the said ab sent defendant, George Chapman, until tbe further order or decree of this Court; and that a copy of this order be forthwith published for two mouths successively in one of tbe public newspapers published in Alexandria, and that a copy be also posled at the front door of the Court House of said county. A Copy. Teste, EDM. I. LEE, C. C. july 15 2ra District of Columbia, Alexandria County, set. May Term* I8£4. IN CHANCERY. Isaac Gibson, for tbe use of Thomas Jan ney, Complainant, AGAINST Jobn A. Jones and Lloyd Logan, Defen dants, ^J^HE defendant John A. Jones not hav A ing entered bis appearance* and given security according to the statute and the rules ot this Court; and it appearing to the satisfaction ol the Court upon affidavit filed, that the said defendant Jobn A. Jones is not an inhabitant of tbe District of Columbia: On motion of the complain ant by his counsel, it is ordered that tbe said John A. Jones do appear here on tbe first day ef next November term, and en ter his appearance to this suit, and give security for performing the decrees of the Court; and that tbe other defendant, Lloyd Logan, do not pay*<.way, convey, or se creie the debts by#him owing to, or the estate or effects in bis bands belonging to tbe said absent defendant, John A. Jones, until tbe further order or decree of this Court; and that a copy of this order be forthwith published for two months sue* ceisively in one ot the public newspapers printed io tbe town of Alexandia, and thal a copy be also potted at the front door of the Court House of said county. A Copy. Teate, EDM, 1. LEE, C. C, july 17 !*w*m ......■ ----— AUCTIONS^ Public Auction, BY v>Hu4 of a dead of trust of Catlett and Nancy his wile, j Li Catlett, William Catlett and W ilf,*ed G Settle, to the subscriber?, bearing the 26th day of May, 1820; and records in the County Courts ot Fauquier andfre4 derick; they will proceed to sell at lie auction lor cash to ibe highest biaqjT on Thursday, the 16th day of July at the.Mill of Peter Catlett, the fo||0„; ing Tracts of Land; one tract of lease land, containing t*, hundred acres more or less, situated intj. countie* of Fauquier and Frederick, c! which the said Robert Catlett resided a| the date of the said deed; cue othertrac sitoated in the same counties, purchaJ by tne said Robert ot William Massie ai j William Gibson, containing two hundred acres more or Jess. One other tract sitoated in the county of Frederick,* leace at the date ot said deed, in the pos<*SMf. of Presley Williams, purchased by tte said Robert of William Leach, contain^ one hundred and fifty acres more or 1^/ One other tract containing one hundred and fifty acre? a part of a lease devised to the said Kober by bis father, and purchased by him q[ Henry Curtis* situated in the ^county 0f Frederick. And also One lot of Land with tbe manufacturing Mill and otherin> provements thereunto belonging, held tv I the said Peter Catlett, ander a decree of the chancery court of Fredericksburg, and under John Green and the beirs 01 John Clark, deceased, one moiety of which has been conveyed by tbe said Peter Catlett to Stephen Chilton and Henry Turner trustees for tbe benefit ot Abner Pollard,' and recorded in the county court of Fac quier; the whole Jot having been conveyed by a subsequent deed ot trust to tbe sa;d Wilfred G. Settle, and One other Lot* a lease of land contiguous to tbe said MiT Lot, purchased by the said Peter Callet:, ot Armistead Thompson & Thomas John; ] containing one hundred acres more oriels : conveyed by the said Peter to (be said | Wilfred G. Settle by the same deed of trust; and also One other lot of Land. containing eight acres more or less, cor» veyed by the said deed of trust to tbe said Wilfred G. Settle, and purchased by the said Peter of John Green* adjoining tbe ! said mill lot, and at the date of tbe sad deed, in the occupancy of the said Peter Catlett, N. ff. Rogers. Thomas Wills and William Waters. On the same day, and at tbe dwelling bouse of Robert Catlett will he sold ca the same terms ibovementioned* SUNDRY SLAVES, conveyed by the said deed, partly by Ro bert Catlett, and partly by the said tVilii- I am Catlet, if produced by them. And also eleven horses, four (Stills, thirtytwo macb.tubs,fou; k cooling tabs,six Windsor chairs, Lone cabinet, three beds and bedsteads, with tbe furniture thereto be longing, one tea chest, one bureau, acd oilier articles of household end krtcbet furniture, if said goods and cbaitels as produced by tbe said Robert Catlett, If there is not sufficient time for tbeac4 complisbment of said sales, they will jbe continued from day to day by tbe subscri bers. Such title as the subscribers have in any ©f the property above described, will U made to purchasers. INMAN HORNER. PETER ADAMS, june 10—tloJuly Trustee*' The foregoing sales are postponed until THURSDAY, tbe lM> day of AUGUST next. INMAN HORNER, | PETEK ADAMS, j uly 2—8 Trustees^ Public Auction. BY virtue of a deed of trust, o( Felt* Catlett to us, bearing date tbe Jt* day of December, 1818, and recorded tbe county court of Fauquier, we sb*1 on Thursday, the 16th day of July, 18*?' at the mill of Peter Catlett, se^ at pubb1 auctiou to tbe highest bidder for ready money, for purposes •mentioned in deed, one rnoiety of a jLot of Land, lying iu the county of Fauquier and oo lb* waters of Goose Creek, containing six °l * one quarter acres, together with the Merchant Mill, and all tbe appurtenances thereunto lathed; and estate, tfce right, title and,r terest of the said Peter Catlett in tbe f^ mise9 , ^ l Such title as the subscriber? l|av* , virtue of the deed aforesaid, will oolj conveyed by them. „,_VT STEPHEN CHILTON, HENRY TURNER, june 10—tl5July T rostees. The foregoing sale is p"‘t poned until THURSDAY, the I*'11 M of AUGUST next. . frnv STEPHEN CHILTON, HENRY TURNER, july 2—8 Trustees^ r 11 ■ *** To Let, ck A convtnient two fil°ry ^ dwelling bouse on Duke- » door west of Patriek-street _ . _ia comfortable frame tene ^ Patrick-street, near the corner ot y Also,about It acres of laud, now i . L with a small frame bui ding thereo », sornely pituateaen the Leesburg bout 14 miles from Alexandria. 1 of the abore property will bem* BOjVnDt*\t FoTds?8!&*c*