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TUESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1825.
The Petersburg Intelligencer has published the return of our flour in spectors for the quarter ending the 31st December, 1824, and expresses no lit tle surprise at the extent of our trade in the staple commodity of the coun try. We are pleased to see our commerce attracting attention; and have our selves been no less surprised than gra tified at the great improvement which the late return exhibits. Under our commercial head will be found the returns of Baltimore and Richmond for the same period of time for which that of Alexandria was made. We have added our own, by way jf comparison, and the contrast is truly flattering.— Rich mond, which is nearly double our population, with the advantage of beine immediately in the vicinity of some ol the finest and most extensive mills in the world, exceeds us but a few thousand barrels; while Baltimore, eight times our numerical strength, and under still greater milling advantages than Richmond, falls considerably short of four times the amount of our inspec tion. We want nothing but the judicious application of the means, already in our power, to roads and canals, to insure a prosperity equal to that of any other town in the Union. The exertions of Petersburg is an example worthy of our imitation. The following remarks of the Clarks burg Intelligencer, corresponds so ex actly with our own opinions, that we adopt them, and solicit their perusal: The Presidency.—This subject, which for the last two years has agitated the whole country, is beginning to assume an aspect of more mildness, but not of less interest. Many seem to imagine that the contest is oven—that the re sult is already as well known as it will be on the fourth of March next—that nothing can prevent the success of Ge neral Jackson. This impression will, no doubt, operate very favorably for the General, and may possibly have a la mentable effect on those who are to de cide the great question. We say, it may have such an effect; but we regret exceedingly that we are constrained to admit even that such an effect may be produced. That men who cannot be ignorant of the merit, capacity and ex perience of the several candidates, or the importance of the trust which they are confiding to an individual—men distinguished for their wisdom and sound discretion, acting as guardians of the common weal, with an eye to the peace, prosperity and happiness, of the people, should select a citizen, whose merits are confined to his bril liant achievements in the field, in pre ference to the statesman, whose whole life has been spent in acquiring the knowledge and wisdom necessary lor a supreme director of a great nation, is not only improbable, but we had almost said, impossible—morally impossible, no doubt it is; but a moral impossibi lity, like a nose of wax, may assume ten thousand shapes in the hands of a skillful artist. By what process of reasoning can a member of Congress arrive at the con clusion, that he ought to vote for Ge neral Jackson in preference to Mr. Adams? That Mr. Adams has more political experience and information, and more talents, must be admitted by all. That the General is a great warrior we readily j^rant—he deserves the esteem and gratitude of his coun try, for his gallant achievements dur ing the last war, and if the United States were a nation of Bonapartes and Alexanders, fighting for conquest and plunder—seeking for an universal do minion—there is not, perhaps, in the universe a man we would sooner place at the head of affairs than General Jackson: with him we might, perhaps, inarch from conquest to glory, and (humanly speaking) from glory to glo ry, till all nations should acknowledge our supremacy. But we are a peace ful, quiet, civil people, who would soon er pay a million ot treasure for a little spot of land than lose a drop of blood in wresting it from its rightful owners. The principal argument then made use of by the friends of Jackson to support his pretensions, is, when properly view ed, materially against him. There is another argument, or ra ther a supposed fact, sometimes used Ire Jackson’s friends, that the majority of the people are for him. But in this they are, in our opinion, greatly mis taken, at least so far as there has been un expression of-opinion by votes—he has not even a plurality. The editor of the Alleghany Demo crat, a paper published in the western part of Pennsylvania, makes the fol lowing declaration: M As it is now—it is the duty of eve ry good citizen to support Gen. Jack son, and resist corruption, intrigue, or management, at the point of the bayonet t Our liberties are dear to us all—let us never surrender them without a strug gle” The editor is certainly rash—but we trust it is nothing more than a whiskey insurrection against his ordinary good sense; and we are induced, in charity, to believe that when the excitement is over, he will have some little regard to the liberties of other states as well as his own. We admire democracy, but we like it sober. - The article on the construction of roads and canals, which wc promised our readers, will be found on the fourth pag«- _ At an election held at Clagett’s Ho tel, on Friday the 7th inst. for Presi dent, Directors and Treasurer, of the Little River Turnpike Company for the present year, th*. following named gen tlemen were unanimously erected, viz : Phineas Janney, President. Charles Lewis, A «e°u *'a.rt^r’ Kpireetors. Reuben Johnson, W. H. Fitzhugh, J Jonah Thompson, Treasurer. Messrs. Editors—I have visited my neighboring friends since the com mencement of your Journal, and have heard, with feelipgs of unfeigned plea sure, the general lutercst and satisfac tion evinced in its favor. One mat ter though, as if by common consent, was agreed upon—we wanted some lit tle space of your paper devoted to Ag ricultural concerns. You may doubt less suppose this an unreasonable re quest, considering the very able work published in Baltimore, under the name of the American Farmer, and edited by that zealous and scientific gentleman, Mr. Skinner. But the fact is, we are generally unable and unwil ling to encounter the expense of more than one paper. We must know the passing local matter of our market town, and the politics of the day—nei ther of which can be found in a remote journal like the Farmer. The next consideration, and one most deeply connected with our interest, is, sub jects of practical utility to the farmer. Would you so far accede to our wishes as to set apart what may be termed the Farmer’s Corner, (you have the Poet’s, &c.) with any matter that may, in your opinion, contribute to our improve ment, you would confer a favor on, and add to, your COUNTRY SUBSCRIBERS. [We assure our correspondents, that, so far from deeming their request unreasonable, we are gratified in knowing, and being able to comply with, their wishes. It has always been our intention to devote a full share of our columns to agricultural infor mation, and only wait now for materials to go upon. Every paper in the cou itry which is in the habit of affording these materials have been ordered, and we solicit communications from all who think they can be useful to the public.] The proceedings of the Floridian legislature, those tyros of republican ism, are not destitute of interest, and may be compared to the first rude draw ings of a painter to acquire a freedom of hand. Bills have been reported providing a criminal code—to abolish fictitious proceedings in ejectment—to incorporate a bank in Pensacola—for laying off the town of Talahassec—to incorporate the city of St. Augustine —to prevent individuals from being su ed out of the county in which they re side—to regulate the foreclosure of mortgages—to incorporate a church in St. Augustine, &c.—all servingto shew the rapid proficiency of enterprize and population in this latest swarm from the old American hive, in which every human bee (if the expression may be al lowed us) is on the wing. Republican ism stamps the character of man with its own inherent vital energies—he erects a government to protect him in his rights, as he would build a log house at first to screen him from the cold. As wealth, population, manufac tures and commerce increase, he im proves his government as he does his log-house, until they both stand proud and honourable monuments of his skill, industry and enterprize.—\Batt. Amer. THE NATION’S GUEST. Charleston, Dec. 30.—The mountains and vallies of South-Carolna, re-echo the manly and national sentiments ex pressed by Mr. Hatne, in the Senate, and Mr. M’Dvffie, in the House of Representatives of the United States, in relation to that most modest and meri torious citizen, the illustrious Republi can LAFAYETTE. Those nre the best advocates of State Rights who never permit their native State to hit placed, even seemingly in the wrong. GREEK NAVAL VICTORY OF OCTOBER 7TH. [Fnm the New-York Daily Mvertiecr.) The author of the following letter is the same person to whom we have been repeatedly indebted for very interest ing accounts from the Greeks; and he has now furnished us with the details of this astonishing action, of which we have before received only a very gene ral report. Our English papers men tion the battle, but state that the parti culars have not yet been obtained.— With the Turks, every change seems to be for the worse, while the Greeks have persevered, under innumerable dis couragements, and never allowing themselves to doubt of ultimate success, have merited it by their faithfulness and unconquerable resolution. Smyrna, Oct. 9, 1824.—Night before last we heard a tremendous cannona ding, which lasted for five hours, and heard two terrible explosions. To day we learn, that the Egyptian and Con stantinople fleet, together, consisting of upwards of 150 vessels, attacked the Greek fleet, which consisted of only 70 ! and they were all small merchant brigs, excepting three or four Polacca ships. They met between Cape Cara bourna and Mytilenc. 1 he plan ot the Turks was very well devised—but the undaunted bravery of the Greeks en tirely disappointed them. The Constantinople Meet came down from the North of Mytilene, and the Egyptian fleet came round Scio, so that the Greeks were completely sut^ rounded. These brave men, however, firmly maintained their ground as they approached, and, having prepared their fire ships, went to work heart and hand _for no sooner had admiral Mioulis made the signal of attack, than the fire ships were launched into the very midst of the Turkish fleet, and blew up 2 fri gates and a corvette. But what is more astonishing, the Greek vessels came into regular fire with the Turkish frigates, and two corvettes and two brigs were boarded and taken, and ano ther brig was sunk. They also took the Captain Pacha’s tender. Admiral Mioulis, accompanied by a brig, gave chase to a seventy-four, belonging to the Egyptian Pacha, and containing his son, being determined to board her with two hundred men 1 The seventy four was remarkable for her sailing, and by a great press of canvass, escap ed to the island of Mytilene. She was towing a small galliot when the chase began, but was obliged to cut her adrift and let her fall into the hands of Miou lis. The whole of the barbarian fleet was put to rout. It seems almost incredible, and is cer tainly marvellous to a great degree, that seventy merchant vessels should l>e able to beat in this way. one hun dred and fifty large ships of war—but it is nevertheless true. The Greeks are now’ conducting in a manner that must procure for them the admiration and good tvishes of every man who is capable of noble sentiments. I only hope that an excess of bravery may not lead them to imprudence.— They have shown the Turks that they are ready to meet them, and that they can conquer them with a force vastly inferior; but, not contented with this, they appear determined not to stop un til they have destroyed the whole Tur kish fleet. One of the most astonish ing circumstances attending their vic tories, is the trivial loss they sustain in all their engagements. They are said, in this instance, not to have lost more than two or three fire ships. The offi cers of several European vessels of war w hich were present, were astonished at the action. Three Greek brigs pene trated into the midst of four frigates and three corvettes, stood hre with them for fifteen minutes, and drove them off. The captain of a French brig of war spoke one of them immediately afterwards, and found that they were uninjured. I think we have seen few such actions as this. The news I am giving you has been confirmed to me since I begat* to write; and a Dutch corvette which has just come in, says that she saw the Turkish fleet and Greek vessels in sight of each other, and observed admi ral Mioulis give a signal, upon which his squadron ail made sail towards their enemies; so that we shall proba bly hear of another engagement. The brig James & Isabella was witness to the action I have described to you, and will, no doubt, make an interesting re port of it on her arrival at Boston. It has produced no effect on the Turks at Smyrna—they are as quiet as lambs, although it is true, rather down in the mouth. They have not spirit e nough even to be ashamed of them selves. I hope this year may put an end to the Greek struggle; at any rate, they will be capable of carrying it on, if they continue as victorious through the seaaon as they have been thus far. They are a jealous people, and I am a fraid will have some difficulty in set tling their government. In the Morea, they are bating the Turks at right and left, and may be considered as already free, unless some jealous European ty rant should interfere. I like the peo ple art if I jeere one of them myself. What will our countrymen now think of their brothers, struggling for that freedom and independence which they are enjoying ?—Have the Greeks not proved themselves worthy of the cause; and will Americans, think you, have neason to repent of having done them good ? The Greek* talk of our country | in the most flattering terms, and with much more amicable and brotherly ex pressions than of any other nation.— They acknowledge that they are much indebted to ihe English for their sub scription and loan; but the Americans appear to them to have done all they could without any interested motives^ Cur consul here, who has delivered a great number of unfortunate Greek slaves from the hands of their barbarous oppressors, has a great name among them. The sight of the unfortunate women brought to Smyrna, is enough to excite the most distressing sensa tions. The poor Ipsariots are all hand some and very interesting. We have now at home a little girl of about 11, a perfect beauty; and it is affecting to hear the little thing talk of the unhap py state of her island. “1 hope,” says she,“I shall one day be able to revenge myself, and feel courage enough to kill the Turk that took ine captive.” He tore her from her mother’s arms and would not even allow them the poor comfort of being slaves together, but they were separated, and nothing has since been heard of her poor mother. To live here, a man should have mil lions to expend in ransoms. We poor merchants have already given almost all we can possibly spare, and yet see many of these unfortunate beings suf fer, without the power to rescue them. It has been contemplated by some of us to address the Society of Friends in America, to see if they would not send out funds for the Hansom af slaves; for though their principles would not al low them to furnish funds for carrying on the war, they are nobly ready and forward in acts of charity. Should they do this, they certainly must have the benediction of their God and Sa viour. It would be difficult for me to de scribe to you the real situation of these poor creatures. It is beyond any con ception you can have of it. Those who have the good fortune to be brought to Smyrna, are happy in comparison; but those poor females who are taken 300 or 400 miles into the interior of the country, where they never see a Chris tian face, what must be their situation? I hope there will be no more slavery. P. S. I have just been told that a can nonading was heard again last night. Caracas, December 14 1824. “As rumours may reach the United States highly coloured relative to the insurrection, or reported insurrection in the neighbourhood of this city, and the cause of the city being placed un der “ martial law,’ and as it is desira ble with you to possess correct infor mation, 1 take upon myself a relation of facts, as nearly as 1 can ascertain, with my own observations upon them without colouring and without the in fluence of fear. About six days since this city was placed under “Martial Law the cause was said to be fear of invasion. The intelligent foreigners ridiculed the idea, as it is well known that Spain can send no force to this country at the present moment; on the other hand should the French Govern ment interfere, we all well know the course that would be pursued by our Government, and the Government of Great Britain. The conclusion I drew; was that the object »f the Government was to form their Militia and to enable them to form this Militia without great discontent to the citizens of the country, there must be some ostensible reason, to induce the people to submit to the new regulations; or I may say to be come Citizen Soldiers. About two months since the Government issued orders for the citizens to form this mi litia (including foreigners after a resi dence of two months in the country.) The militia was formed, but great discontent prevailed among the peo ple, as they looked upon it as unneces sary and oppressive. The Soldiers met at first (rather) promptly but soon as I am told, it being prior to my arri val) the business began to die away and the citizens neglected to appear. Then came the proclamation declaring the city and province under “ Martial Law.” Now for the Insurrection—About eight or nine miles from the city there is a small village called Petare ; It is said the Alcalde, or Command ante of this village was a very oppressive man and gave great discontent to the villa gers. On Wednesday night last about 300 Blacks made an attack on a depot of arms and ammunition in the neigh bourhood of Petare, consisting of 300 muskets and 8000 cartridges defended by eight men, who succeeding in defen ding them and beating off the Blacks; wounding a number, and some are sup posed to be killed. The following day a company of fifty men marched out to Pelar and all anxiety as regards this attack has subsided. A number of of prisoners are taken who will doubt less meet their fate. That they might have friends in the city is possible and even probable ; some arrests have ta ken place, and their cases will be soon examined. The Militia, or rather two or three companies are under arms by night and by day, and patrols are es tablished throughout the city until (it is said) they find how deep laid the plot may be. That it is a contemptible af fair I seriously believe, without plan and without concert, and perhaps got up by the Government for the purpose of inducing fhe citizens to join willing ly in their militia duties; if so I doubt not, that they will effect their object, from which much good must eventually arise. There are only 24,060 slaves in Venezuela without arms or anununi tion, of course there can be nothing to fear from them. I can only add I feel as safe here as regards an insurrection as I would in Pearl street. \ Gen.pAM,is a few miles from the city with 6 or7oo regulars. We have only about loo regulars in the city. I have just learnt that five men are condemned who are to be shot this afternoon. Dec. 13— Died, this morning at 10 o’clock, William D. Robinson, Esq. re cently from New-York and well known as U.S. Consul at Carthagena and as an Author. His connections are very respectable in New York. There was no men shot as stated on the other page. This morning we have had two men shot in the public square. MEXICO. [From the Freeman's Jour, of Jan. 8.] Extract of a letter from an American gentle man, dated, Pueblo de Tampico, Dec. 4. “I observe in the Aguila, the nomi nation of a Consul for this republic, to reside at New Orleans. Letters from Mexico assure us that the subject of the revision of the tariff, will be taken up before the month of January. A reduction of the duties on calicoes and other British fabrics may be expected to take place. The British agent in Mexico, is unceasing in his efforts to accomplish this object. I fear that nothing will be done in favor of do mestic cottons, which are in much de mand throughout the republic.” Napoleon's House at St. Helena.—A cor respondent, who subscribes “A Sailor,” has favoured us with a ietter, in which he informs us that he has recently ar rived in this country from St. Helena; that the house in which the Ex-F.m peror of France was imprisoned has been converted into a barn, and that in the room in which he breathed his last; there is now a machine for thrashing corn.— Liverpool Mercury. The London papers state that the Right Hon. W. Vescy Fitzgerald, lately appointed minister to this country, has from early life, formed part of the ad ministration, he has for many years re presented the county of Clare (of which he is a hiative) in Parliament, and suc ceeded Sir John Newport, as Chancel lor of the Exchequer for the Irish de partment; he always sustained the repu tation of an able efficient, and liberal man, having with great ability advoca ted Catholic emancipation and those liberal principles of common sense, lately so fully acted on. Upon the merging of the Irish into the English Exchequer, Mr. Fitzgerald was ap pointed his Majesty’s Minister to the Court of Sweden. An English paper, with which we were furnished by the last arrival, states a curious question of law. A taylor’s apprentice was brought before a ma gistrate by his master, an amiable man, because he would not eat his daily al lowance, while at the same time he la boured with unremitting industry in his vocation. The master was fearful of the health of the boy, and wished the court to pass sentence, compelling his pupil to eat. The court very properly decided that nature must be left free to her own workings to satisfy her own cravings. You laugh, gentle reader. But we can say with perfect sincerity, that many politicians, doctors, legisla tors and judges, may here learn a very salutary lesson when all interference on their part becomes as the sentence of this court would have been, if that learned body had sentenced the little crimnal to eat. When it does not be come necessary for either of the above mentioned characters to interfere, their interference does more injury than good; and may prevent the very cure of the natural or political body that would take place, if nature was left to her own workings to satisfy her own cravings. Too much legislation, for example, is a most serious injury—it multiplies fines and forfeitures, and encumbers the sche dules with a number of useless statutes that require a general scouring out. [Baltimore American. EIGHTEENTH OOVOHSSS.__ [MttracteJ from the Nat. Int. and Nat. Jour.] Fridat, Jar. 7, 1825. The Senate did not sit to-day. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. "Mr. Vinton, from the committee on Public Lands, reported a bill to autho rize the legislature of the state of Ohio to sell the lands heretofore appropria ted for the use of schools in that state, which was read twice, and committed, and ordered to be printed. Mr. Williams, (N. C.) from the committee of Claims, reported a bill for the relief of Col. Wm. Duane, which was read twice, and committed, and or dored to be primed. Mr. Newton, from the committee on Commerce, reported a bill concerning canal vessels, or boats, which was read twice, and committed, and ordered to be printed. A letter on the same subject was or dered to be referred to the same com mittee and to be printed. Mr. M’Lane, from the committee of Ways and Means, reported a hill dis charging a judgment against the repre sentatives of Eliza Wadsworth, deceas ed, which was read twice, and commit ted, and ordered to be printed. Mr. Matson, from the committee of Claims, reported a bill for the relief of Wm. Pemberton, which was read twice, and committed, and ordered to be print ed with the report. Mr. Whittlesey, from the commit tee of Claims, made an unfavorable re port on the petition of Robert Bedford which was laid on the table and order ed to be priuted. Mr. Little, from the committee on Pensions and Revolutionary Claims obtained leave for the committee to be discharged from the consideration of sundry petitions which were laid on the table. Mr. Brent, from the select commit tee appointed on the subject, reported a bill to authorize the legal represen tative of the Marquis de Maison Roug,. to institute a suit against the United States, and for other purposes, which was read twice and committed, and with the report, ordered to be printed. The following resolution offered yes terday by Mr. Forsyth, was taken up and agreed to: Resulted, That the secretary of war be di rected to lay before the House copies of let ters from Joseph M'Mimm, late agent of In dian affairs in the Cherokee nation, to the war department, dated the fourth of July 1818, and 7th of July, 1818; together with a copy of the plan proposed by the direction of Uu secretary of the war department, for the com plete extinguishment of the Cherokee chum to the lands then occupied by them in Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama, referred to in Hie secretary’s letter of the 29th of July, 1818. Mr. Forsyth wished to withdraw the resolution, as he had received from the War Department the papers refer red to in it; but on the Speaker decid ing that it was irregular tor papers to be received unless addressed to the House, he withdrew the papers. On motion of Mr. Cook; it was Resolved, That the committee on the Judi ciary be instructed to inquire into the expedi ency of establishing one or more National yen itentiaries, for the confinement and punish ment of persons convicted of offences against the United States, to be located at such place or places as shall be most convenient to the different sections of the Union. Mr. Cook, in explanation of the ob jects of his resolution; referred to the Judiciary bill now before the House, w hich* presents some 40 or 50 cases for punishment, and contended for the ne cessity of adopting sonic system which, while it should protect the community f om criminal depredations, should, at the same time, introduce a system of punishment less severe than that in flicted under the existing law. If the system he wished could not be organis e<i he hoped this incipient measure would be adopted. On motion of Mr. Livingston, it was Resolved, That the pet tion of John Kodn gues, with the report thereon, be recommitted to the committee of claims, with die additional documents now offered. A bill from the Senate, “for the re lief of Thomas L. Ogden and others,” was read twice, and committed. On motion of Mr. P. P. Barbour, the report of the committee on Pensions and Revolutionary Claims, on the peti tion of Edward Brook, and, on motion of Mr. Cambreleng, the report of the same commitee, on another petition, were referred to a committee of the whole, and made the order of the day for Monday, and ordered to be printed. ORDER OF THF. DAY. Mr. Tracy moved to take up the bill relative to the Niagara Claims—Ayes 72, noes 66. The question was then taken on the engrossment of the bill for a third read* ing_Ayes 81, Noes 57. The bill was then ordered to be en grossed and read a third time on Mon day. Mr. Williams, of N. C. gave notice that he should, on this question, call for the Ayes and Noes. PUNISHMENT OF CRIMES. The House then went into commit tee on the bill u the more effectually to provide for the punishment ot certain crimes against the United States, and for other purposes,” Mr. Condict u» the Chair. . . [The discussion of this bill occupied the remainder of this day’s session; when the committee rose, reported progress, and had leave to sit again, and the , House adjourned to Monday.Jj^^ DOMESTIC._ Winchester, Jan. 7.—An examin ing court, for the trial of Abram I. Lone, Innkeeper of Berryville, charged with killing -- Caldwell, of the same place, in a personal rencontre on the — ult. was held on Tuesday, and continued by adjournment to Wednes day last, and resulted in the final ac quittal of the prisoner. The case o Mr. Long excited, we believe, and justly, very general commisseration. Many witnesses were examined, a mongst whom were five respectable physicians living in and near Berry ville, all of whom, with the exception of one, concurred in the opinion that the death of Caldwell was not occasion ed by any injury he received from Long, who was proven to be, at the time, in a state of great bodily debility. I affray was evidently bro’t on by Cald well’s intemperate language; and it is due to the feelings of Mr. Long to state, that it was satisfactorily proved that he exhibited great forbearance m not sooner resenting the abuse of U There certainly was nothing proved to the disparagement of Long, and w e believe his acquittal was unanimously aDDroved by the numerous persons pre sent. [*“■*• Washington Irving’sTales of a Trav eller have been republished in EngU*» at Paris, and a French translationi*111 the press. Of the Sketch Book two French translations have been pu is ed, one under the tide «( Americana a Londrtt, and the oth k of*.*, dt 3/orofce-The s™«™* has been published in Italian, and Dutch.